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Exercises on Ordinary Differential Equation

Solve the following differential equations.

1.

( x + e y )dy dx = 0

2.

xdy ydx = 2 x 2 y 2 dy

3.

x 2x y x2 dx + 2 2 dy = 0 2 2 2 y y x +y x +y

4.

x2 y 2 (2 y + 1)dx + dy = 0 x

5.

dy 3x 2 y + y 2 = 3 dx 2 x + 3xy

6.

xy + y y 2 e 2 x = 0

Outline of Solutions
1. Rewrite the equation into dx x = e y , whi h is a first order linear !"#. dy d y 2 = 2y . dy x

2.

"ivide $oth sides $% x 2 , and we see that

3.

x2 xdy ydx 2 x + dx 2 dy = 0 . &he equation an $e written as x2 + y 2 y y 'ote that xdy ydx x 2 y du y = 2 d u= . = 2 2 2 2 , where x +y x x + y x 1+ u

x2 x2 2x 2 xydx x 2 dy x2 = d = dv , where v = . (nd note also that dx 2 dy = y2 y y y y )en e, the differential is now transfor*ed into 4. +ethod 1, Rewrite the !"# into +ethod 2, (2 xy + x)dx + ( x 2 y )dy = 0 Rearrange the ter*s, (2 xydx + x 2 dy ) + ( xdx ydy ) = 0 1 d ( x2 y) + d ( x2 y 2 ) = 0 2 5. Rewrite the !"# into (3x 2 y + y 2 )dx + (2 x 3 + 3xy )dy = 0 , *ulti-l% the equation $% y and rearrange the ter*s, (2 x 3 ydy + 3 x 2 y 2 dx ) + (3 xy 2 dy + y 3 dx) = 0 d ( x 3 y 2 ) + d ( xy 3 ) = 0 &he equation an $e written into xdy + ydx y 2 e 2 x dx = 0 , -ut u = xy and the dx + (2 y + 1) 1 x = y (2 y + 1) 1 x 1 . dy du + dv = 0 . 1+ u2

6.

e2 x equation $e o*es du = u 2 dx , whi h is se-ara$le. x


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