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TA:ZaraTabi(ztabi@ucsd,edu) BICD120:Dr.

Schmidt
OH:ByemailAppt.
AIM:ztabi06 Week5

NowI KnowMyABC'slof FlowerDevelopmentl


BasicFlowerStructure:
- Theshootapical( ) meristem
undercertain willtransform
environmentalcues itself
intoan whichwillgoontodevelop
meristem, intothe
meristem,
. Cellsofthefloralmeristem
takeonparticular
fate,dependingonkeygenes ) ABCModel

Vocab:
Flower
-Quick
a - HasALL4 whorls
a whorls
- Missing
a - Hasbothmaleandfemale
structures
a - Hasonly1sex

ABCModel

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u'AG
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s rrpl o .{ ,tpclax, \\
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Some Notes:
- TheseABCproteinsactas , meanttobindtoDNAto
control ofothergenesinflowerdevelopment!
transcription

- TheA andCgenesare
.if oneis mutatediinactivated
theotheronewillbeableto

- TheCgenealsodictates
. Without togrow
andwillcontinue
isstillactive
it,floralmeristem

- AP3andPl(Genes 0fthe" " Region) ofa


aresubunits protein
. lf onegeneismutated,
thewhole"8"region
isdefective, iftheotherisnormal
regardless

- Mostgenesinvolved
(exceptAP2)are typegenes,
which
toproteins
translate thatfollowa certainmotif:

N MAD9 Kbox lc

MADS.box
i -YYorrntrntrnP'liov\
DNAbindin f hY; Pt,tlHin
elion
11
HowDoesa PlantKnowWhentoFlower?
Photoperiodism-
- Themostimportant
factoris length!
- Three
TypesofPlants:
. LongDay-Needlightperiod thana criticallengthtoflower
. ShortDay-Needlightperiod thana criticallengthtoflower
. DayNeutral-
Flower notdependent
development ondaylength

thata pigment
-Discovered activity
withreversible isresponsible
fordevelopment
offlowers,
aswellas
)

. Actually
a present
intheleaf
) sends
signal
to tochangegrowth
. 2Keywavelengths
of light: and

ry
*vrdP6
N

?,
g.600

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iti aponi"l

/f
t>
=+30n,n
'e)

Ha
U'
red) cleyadaltow

o&ur /t?/ru2
istheactiveform -/ da/p &u/ %drylL, ut// Mru/l tu Pr
. Depending
onthetypeofplant,Pfrcanhavedifferent
functions:
dayplants
- Inshort ) flowering
- Inlongdayplants) - flowering
. Helpsprevent whenseedis planted
seedgermination toodeep
6 h rs.I7n+ + Ve hr s' c{ ar F

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thrsligfrt

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