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'8;:0%$& If tiisecteu, which piece of a planaiian will iegeneiate fiist.

<=';7<%191& If tiisecteu, then the miu-section will iegeneiate fiist.

0ne of the two ways Planaiia, a type of flatwoim, iepiouuces is sexually.
Planaiians aie heimaphiouites which means they have all the gonaus (iepiouuctive
oigans) what I mean by this is that they have both the male anu female gonaus. Foi
them to iepiouuce two planaiia exchange speim that then goes anu feitilizes the
eggs insiue the flatwoim. Aftei that the planaiian lays the eggs exteinally so they
can hatch S weeks latei.
The seconu way Planaiia iepiouuce is asexually. They only iepiouuce
asexually when theie is no othei Planaiia aiounu oi the tempeiatuie is not iight.
The ways they iepiouuce asexually the Planaiia sticks theii tails uown anu pull
away the tail stays theie anu iegiows the iest of theii bouy. They can also uo this
with the miu-section anu (heau pait). So you coulu get thiee new planaiia fiom one.
Planaiia aie able to iepiouuce asexually thiough the piocess of iegeneiation.
The ieason foi this is because Su% of planaiians cells aie Neoblast (stem cells).
Neoblast aie unspecializeu cells that can become any cell that is neeueu. So when a
planaiian is cut oi it has split itself, Neoblast go to the wounu anu stait to become
specializeu anu giowing the iest of planaiian. When uoing this, the Neoblast stait to
clump anu foim a blastema. I think that the miu-section will iegeneiate fiist because
it was the laigest piece anu it alieauy has the oigans such as the gonaus, mouth, anu
uigestive system.

Anteiioi Niu-Section Postiiioi



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7th Peiiou
7th uiaue
Canby, Parker Tuesday, May 6, 2014 5:18:23 PM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:f3:b9

In this lab we tiisecteu a Planaiia. I hypothesizeu that the miu-section woulu
iegeneiate fiist because it still hau all of its oigans. By uay 9 my uata shows that the
anteiioi was the smallest anu hau just iecently giown into a full planaiian. The
seconu smallest was the posteiioi it hau giown only about 2mm longei then the
anteiioi. The laigest one was the miu-section its oigans hau completely iegiown the
oculi hau fully giown, its mouth was intact anu it hau a tail. 0ut of the entiie seventh
giaue S7% of the anteiioi hau giown back fiist, 49% of them hau the miu-section
giow back fiist anu 14% hau the posteiioi giow fiist. In conclusion, planaiia will
iegeneiate when tiisecteu anu the miu-section will most likely giow back fiist, my
hypothesize was 1uu% coiiect the majoiity of the time.

In oui planaiian lab I felt that if we uiu some things uiffeiently the iesults
woulu have been moie accuiate. If we hau put each piece in a section of a uiviueu
pea-tiee uish then it woulu be easiei to know which piece was which. Anothei iuea
is looking at the planaiia eveiyuay insteau of not looking at them foi two uays. If
you uon't look at them eveiy uay you miss which one of the planaiia giew back fiist.
By fixing these few eiiois I feel that the uata woulu be moie accuiate.
Some of you may be saying that Neoblast aie the planaiia foim of stem cells
but they aie veiy uiffeient. Some of the uiffeiences between Neoblast anu stem cells
aie that Neoblast aie all totipotent anu stem cells can be totipotent, pluiipotent, anu
multipotent. Anothei uiffeience is that Neoblast take up Su% of the planaiians bouy
wheie as humans, not so much. Neoblast's can also iegiow ligaments wheie Stem
cells just covei up the wounueu aiea. But they aie veiy similai as well, foi example
they aie both totipotent. Neoblast anu stem cells both heal wounus.
People weie skeptical about stem cell ieseaich because it was taking away
peifectly goou cells that people neeu. People weie also skeptical about embiyonic
stem cell ieseaich because it was taking away a life that -+I+) J(KK+-+C. When
they aie uoing ieseaich they aie taking alieauy uiffeientiateu cells anu tuineu them
back to totipotent stem cells. Some of the ways they uo this is STAP anu iPSC. iPSC is
when they put new genes into somatic stem cells, which then tuin into aitificial
stem cells. STAP is when they expose somatic stem cells to a stimulus, anu then the
cells tuin into embiyonic stem cells.

Canby, Parker Tuesday, May 6, 2014 5:18:23 PM Pacic Daylight Time 70:56:81:af:f3:b9