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ARCTIC REGION

150 180 DS 150


AN
IS L
50 DS R IL
L AN KU occupied by the Soviet Union in 1945,
JAPAN
IS
Petropavlovsk- administered by Russia, claimed by Japan.
AN
TI Kamchatskiy
U
LE
North Pacific Bering Sea

A
Sakhalin
Ocean Sea of
Okhotsk Khabarovsk
Amur
Kodiak 60
Bethel
Provideniya Anadyr' Magadan
Gulf of Bering
Alaska Strait
Anchorage a
Nome lym Okhotsk
Valdez Arctic Ko
Circle
Juneau UNITED STATES
Fairbanks er
Chukchi Oymyakon
Riv

Aldan CHINA
Whitehorse Sea Cherskiy
Pevek
on
Yuk

Dawson
70 Wrangel
Yakutsk
Watson Island
120 Lake Barrow average minimum
East 120
Prudhoe extent of sea ice Siberian Verkhoyansk
Pea Bay
ce Macken
zie River (as of 1975) Sea
Inuvik
R iver

Hay Beaufort

Vi
River na

lyu
Great Bear Le
Sea

y
Lake Len
Echo Bay Tiksi a
Yellowknife NEW
SIBERIAN
Great Slave Banks 80 ISLANDS
Lake Lake Island Laptev
Athabasca Sea
Victoria
Island
Arctic 10°C (50°F) isotherm,
Cambridge
Bay Ocean July
QUEEN

CANADA ELIZABETH
North
SEVERNAYA
ZEMLYA RUSSIA
Rankin Inlet Resolute ISLANDS Pole
90 W 90 E
Noril'sk Yenisey
Repulse Bay Ellesmere
Hudson Island
Alert Dikson
Bay Kara
Qaanaaq FRANZ Sea
Baffin (Thule) JOSEF
LAND
Island Baffin

'
Ob
Bay Nord 80

Iqaluit NOVAYA
ZEMLYA
Svalbard Ob'
Longyearbyen Irty
(NORWAY) sh

Greenland Barents Sea


Davis Strait (DENMARK)
Pechor
a

Kangerlussuaq Bjørnøya 70
(Søndre Strømfjord) Greenland (NORWAY)

Nuuk Sea
(Godthåb) Ittoqqortoormiit
da

Paamiut Murmansk
eg

60 (Scoresbysund) 60
ch

(Frederikshåb) Perm'
Vy

Jan Mayen
Tasiilaq (NORWAY) Tromsø Arkhangel'sk
ev
Labrador
S

Narsarsuaq e r n aya Dvina


a
Kam

Sea Norwegian
ona
60

Denmark Strait Lake Kazan'


Sukh

Arctic
Sea Onega
Circle Samara
ICELAND FINLAND
Reykjavík NORWAY Lake Nizhniy
Ladoga Novgorod KAZ.
Volga

Faroe SWEDEN Helsinki Saint Moscow Saratov


North Atlantic Ocean Tórshavn Islands Petersburg
(DENMARK) Tallinn EST.
Oslo Stockholm 50
Scale 1:39,000,000 SHETLAND LATVIA Don
Volgograd
ISLANDS Riga
Azimuthal Equal-Area Projection
Vilnius Minsk
0 500 Kilometers Baltic LITH.
Kharkiv
0 500 Miles Copenhagen Sea RUS. BELARUS Rostov
North Dnieper
Sea DENMARK
The Arctic region is often defined as that area where the Belfast Warsaw Kyiv
average temperature for the warmest month is below 10ºC. UKRAINE
IRE. U.K. 0 Berlin
30 Dublin POLAND 30 Black Sea
GERMANY
803301AI (R02112) 5-07