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Lets speak

sustainable construction
Multilingual Glossary
EN RO HU BG
2
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
The following publication contains the English, Bulgarian,
Romanian and Hungarian versions of the Sustainable
Construction Glossary. It is in an A-Z format, based on the
English. An index of all four languages can be found starting
on page 147. This index provides the reader with the exact
page where the full definition can be found in a specific
language.
The partners in this project are proud to launch this
multilingual glossary. The partners are, nevertheless, aware
that, in this huge undertaking, there will be inaccuracies and
improvements which could be made. In the event of any
suggestions, readers are therefore invited to make precise
comments in preparation for future updates. These should be
sent to Jessica Johnson aj.johnson@cembureau.eu.
European Economic and Social Committee
The European Economic and Social Committee (EESC) was set
up in 1957 by the Treaties of Rome and is a consultative body
of the European Union. Its 344 members belong to economic,
social and civic organisations in the 27 Member States. Taken
together, these organisations make up organised civil society.
The EESC enables its members to take part in the process of
formulating EU policies and decisions. Its building is in the
heart of Brussels' European quarter. Around 800 people, of
which 40% in the translation service, work for the EESC and
assist its members.
Architects Council of Europe
The Architects' Council of Europe (ACE) is the European
organisation representing the architectural profession at
European level. Its growing membership consists of member
organisations, which are the nationally representative
regulatory and professional bodies of all European Union (EU)
Member States, Accession States, Switzerland and Norway.
Through them, it represents the interests of about 520,000
architects.
European Concrete Platform
The European Concrete Platform ASBL (ECP), is a European
association incorporated as a non-profit association under
Belgian law. Its objective is to study and promote all aspects
of concrete for construction. The members of the European
Concrete Platform are European branch associations
representing the concrete industry and the constituents
thereof.
3
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Sustainable methods of building design and construction have
the potential to provide solutions to many of the economic,
social and environmental challenges that Europe is facing
today. Given our dependence on other parts of the world for
our energy supply, they will undoubtedly help us to address
the issues of energy poverty and energy security. They are also
likely to create significant numbers of new 'green' jobs and
to play an important part in helping us to reach our energy
efficiency goals.
The European Economic and Social Committee is firmly
convinced that energy efficiency will be a mainstay of the
efforts to achieve a low carbon economy. The Committee's
Opinion on a low-carbon energy system by 2050 sets out a
roadmap for achieving 80% emission cuts by the middle of
the century. In our view, over half of the emission cuts to be
made by 2050 could come from energy efficiency measures,
particularly in construction and transport.
Consequently, I am putting my efforts behind sustainable
construction, which is both a great source of growth and
employment opportunities and a subject that is closely related
to one of my work programme priorities, 'sustainability and
growth'. I am therefore, naturally, committed to ensuring that
the EESC is involved in supporting initiatives in this area.
However, for a number of reasons, it may take some time for
sustainable construction to become a widespread approach
in the European Union. Firstly, both new, sustainable
construction projects and alterations to existing buildings will
require high levels of investment. Secondly, there is a shortage
of construction staff with the necessary skills, qualifications
and experience in sustainable construction methods and
techniques. The EESC has called for more information and
training opportunities to be provided in the area of energy-
efficiency technologies, especially in construction, the public
sector and transport.
The EESC's Bike Lexicon, our first hands-on multilingual
dictionary, has proven to be a very successful initiative. Indeed,
a third edition is currently being produced in order to meet the
growing demand from the cycling public in the EU. This new
glossary is another pioneering EESC project, which will help to
fill the gap left by the lack of a common European approach
to sustainable construction. It is an area that still suffers from
considerable administrative burdens and fragmented markets.
I sincerely hope that a common language will help to create a
pool of shared knowledge and practices that can be utilised
at EU level.
I should like to thank the Architects' Council of Europe (ACE)
and the European Concrete Platform for joining our efforts
to promote the development of sustainable construction
by encouraging the use of a common language and set of
terms in this field. This first edition represents a significant
terminological effort and we should keep in mind that the
language and terms will evolve over time. It is and will
continue to be a work in progress.
Staffan Nilsson,
President
of the
European
Economic
and Social
Committee
4
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
In response to the need for more sustainable construction, new
concepts, phrases, terms and expressions are being used in
the construction industry across Europe. These concepts are
aimed at improving the environmental, social and economic
impact of the industry and its outputs. From Air Source Heat
Pumps to Net Zero Carbon Buildings; from Whole Life Costing
to Photovoltaic Electricity; from Recycled Resources to Passive
House; it is important that the industry reaches a common
understanding of these terms to speak a common language
for sustainable construction - in order to provide a base for
harmonised development in the future.
The European Concrete Platform working together with the
Architects Council of Europe believed it valuable to gather
together these terms and establish a working glossary of
the concepts currently in use in a concise, easily accessible
form. This can then be used to disseminate information
about sustainable construction more widely across the
industry. The purpose of the new publication is to ensure a
common understanding of the terminology used within the
framework of sustainable construction and it should become
a tool for disseminating information about sustainable
construction across the EU. The original English wiki version
was launched during the 2010 EU Sustainable Energy Week
(EUSEW) and is already being used by the construction sector,
by policy-makers at national and European levels and for
communications, educational and training purposes within the
sectors directly concerned.
A great deal of activity is focused on sustainable development
issues across the EU. In relation to this the Commission is
developing initiatives on sustainable construction as a sub-set
of its campaign for sustainable production and sustainable
consumption. For example, Sustainable Construction is an
EU Lead Market Initiative (LMI) - with a plan to promote the
benefits and develop skills and capacities for the future; the
Energy Performance in Buildings Directive has recently been
revised; also TC 350 continues to make progress on new
European standards.
We would like to sincerely thank the European Economic and
Social Committee whose enthusiasm made this multilingual
Sustainable Construction Glossary possible. We are certain that
this will contribute to the construction of sustainable buildings
and infrastructure across the EU!
Let's
speak
sustainable
construction
Dr Bernd Wolschner
President, ECP
Selma Harrington
President, ACE
5
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Well-designed financial and fiscal programmes for energy efficiency improvement
projects in buildings have a cost-effectiveness to governments of around 20-25/
tonnes of carbon emissions mitigated, which is lower than virtually all alternative
non-traded carbon abatement measures. That is the conclusion of the latest
research report from the European Alliance of Companies for Energy Efficiency in
Buildings (EuroACE) which looked at over 100 instruments currently in place across
the EU representing tens of billions of Euros of investment in energy efficiency. This
shows the value that energy efficient construction can add to the drive towards
a low carbon future. The potential of energy efficiency is illustrated by the fact
that energy consumption in buildings and buildings-related services represents
approximately 40 per cent of the EU's total energy consumption.
Measures to improve the energy performance of buildings and dwellings offer
huge potential for job creation in the construction industry. To take advantage
of this opportunity, the industry and its personnel require new incentives, more
training and information on how higher energy efficiency levels in buildings can be
achieved.
Well-designed and implemented financial instruments, as well as fiscal and financial
incentives, can play a hugely significant role in helping the EU meet its climate
change targets, creating large numbers of 'green' jobs, reducing Europe's energy
dependency and in addressing the problem of energy poverty in Europe.
Grants and preferential loans proved to be the most common form of instrument
and, from the findings, appear to be top in terms of impact and cost-effectiveness.
Schemes operated by third parties were shown to be just as effective as those
implemented directly by governments. Attractive financial packages are much
more successful when accompanied by targeted communication campaigns.
Well-designed and implemented instruments whose impact is properly assessed
offer cost-effective ways not only to save carbon and energy, but also to improve air
quality, reduce energy bills and create local employment.
Large-scale implementation of sustainable construction for new buildings as well
as in modifications to existing buildings will require high levels of investment.
Ability to access funding from appropriate financial mechanisms is often cited
as one of the barriers to increased energy efficiency renovations in buildings.
Consideration must be given to the obstacles of a technical, economic, financial,
legal, administrative, bureaucratic, institutional, management-related and socio-
behavioural nature. The research carried out by EuroACE shows that the necessary
funding is available and that the energy efficiency of Europe's buildings would be
advanced by an even more efficient and effective use of available funding.
The key recommendations emerging from these results are that application
procedures need to be clearer and simpler; that targeted training should be given
to those who deliver funding to the public; and that eligible new products should
be easily added as they come on the market.

The final report, case studies and country specific overviews can be downloaded
from the EuroACE website:
http://www.euroace.org -> Publications & Reports
Summary of
a study
on fiscal
and financial
incentives
for improving
Europes
building stock
6
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
A
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ACOUSTIC PERFORMANCE
Buildings ability to enhance or minimise airborne noise
from outside to inside and vice versa, and/or impact
noise transmission between floors, walls and ceilings.
A
K

, , .
ABIOTIC
Fizic i nu biologic, adic nederivat din
organisme vii.
ABIOTIKUS
Inkbb fizikai, mint biolgiai, azaz nem
l organizmusokbl szrmaz.
ABIOTIC
Physical rather than biological, i.e. not derived from
living organisms.
A
H, .
PERFORMAN ACUSTIC
Capacitatea unei cldiri de a amplifica
sau reduce intensitatea sunetului
transmis din afar nuntru i invers
i/sau transmiterea sunetului ntre podele, perei i
plafoane.
AKUSZTIKAI TELJESTMNY
Az pleteknek az a kpessge, hogy
felerstik vagy a minimlisra cskkentik
a levegben terjed, kvlrl bellre,
illetve bellrl kvlre szrd zajokat, s/vagy az
emeletek, falak s a fdm kztt tszrd zajrtalmat.
7
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
A
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ADAPTABLE BUILDING
Building that is designed in such a way that, over time,
it can be readily transformed to accommodate uses for
which it was not originally conceived.
C
C, ,

,
.
ACQUISITION COST
Price paid including all transaction costs.

, ,
.
COST DE ACHIZIIE
Preul total pltit, inclusiv toate costurile
tranzaciei.
BESZERZSI KLTSG
Az a kifizetett r, amely mr minden
tranzakcis kltsget tartalmaz.
CONSTRUCIE ADAPTABIL
Cldire astfel proiectat nct, n timp, s
poat fi transformat cu uurin pentru a
putea fi utilizat i n scopuri neprevzute
iniial.
TALAKTHAT PLET
plet, melyet gy terveztek, hogy
idvel knnyen t lehessen alaktani
olyan egyb felhasznlsi mdra,
amelyre eredetileg nem szntk.
8
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
A
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
AFFORESTATION
Planting of new forests on lands which have never, in
recorded history, contained forests.

,
.
ADAPTARE LA SCHIMBRILE
CLIMATICE
Efort colectiv necesar pentru a concepe
noi strategii, politici, tehnologii, materiale i metode care
s ajute umanitatea s fac fa schimbrilor climatice.
ALKALMAZKODS AZ
GHAJLATVLTOZSHOZ
Olyan kollektv erfeszts, melyre
azrt van szksg, hogy j stratgikat, politikkat,
technolgikat, anyagokat s mdszereket lehessen
kidolgozni, melyek segtsgvel az ember knnyebben
meg tud birkzni az ghajlatvltozs hatsaival.
MPDURIRE
Aciunea de plantare de arbori pe
terenuri unde, n istoria cunoscut, nu
au mai existat pduri.
ERDTELEPTS
j erdk teleptse olyan terleteken,
melyeken ismereteink szerint soha nem
voltak mg erdk.
ADAPTATION TO CLIMATE CHANGE
Collective effort that is needed to devise new strategies,
policies, technologies, materials and methods to assist
the human race to cope with the effects of climate
change.

K ,
, , ,
,

.
9
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
A
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
AIR CHANGES PER HOUR
Number of times each hour that an enclosures total
volume of air is exchanged with fresh (or conditioned)
air.
K

1 .
( )
.
AGENDA 21
Program condus de ONU legat de
dezvoltarea durabil, care ofer un
model cuprinztor de aciuni la nivel global, naional
i local ntreprinse de organizaii ale ONU, guverne i
grupri importante n fiecare domeniu n care oamenii
au impact asupra mediului.
AGENDA 21
ENSZ ltal mkdtetett program a
fenntarthat fejlds tmakrben.
A program olyan tfog akcitervet tartalmaz, melyet
ENSZ-szervezeteknek, kormnyoknak s nagyobb
csoportoknak kell globlis, nemzeti s helyi szinten
vgrehajtaniuk minden olyan terleten, ahol az emberi
tevkenysg kihat a krnyezetre.
NUMR DE SCHIMBURI DE AER PE
OR
Numrul de nlocuiri ale volumului total
de aer dintr-o incint cu aer proaspt
(sau condiionat).
RNKNTI LGCSERE
Az a szm, mely azt mutatja, hogy egy
adott zrt helyen egy ra alatt hnyszor
cserldik ki a leveg friss (vagy
lgkondicionlt) levegvel.
AGENDA 21
Programme run by the United Nations (UN) related
to sustainable development, which provides a
comprehensive blueprint of action to be taken globally,
nationally and locally by organisations of the UN,
governments, and major groups in every
area in which humans have an impact on
the environment.
21
, ,
,
,

,
,

.
10
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
CLIMATIZARE
Rcirea i condiionarea mecanic
a aerului din interiorul cldirilor, cu
scopul de a asigura confortul termic i gradul optim de
umiditate.
FTS, SZELLZS,
LGKONDICIONLS (HVAC)
A beltri leveg mechanikus ftse,
htse vagy szablyozsa optimils hmrsklet s
pratartalom elrshez.
Heating ventilating and
air conditioning (HVAC)
A
C ,

S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s

RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
AIR INFILTRATION
Air which leaks into a building through small cracks in
door and window frames.

B,
.
INFILTRAIE DE AER
Aerul care intr prin mici fisuri din
rosturile tmplriei unei cldiri.
LEVEG BESZIVRGS
Leveg, amely az ajt- s ablakkeret apr
hzagjain keresztl az pletbe szivrog.
AIR CONDITIONING
Mechanically aided heating, cooling and conditioning of
indoor air to optimise thermal and humidity conditions.
K
M ,

.
11
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
A
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
AIR SOURCE HEAT PUMP
Pump which extracts heat from the outside air (in the
same way that a fridge extracts heat from its inside) in
order to heat a building.
B
, ""
( ,
)
.
PIERDERE DE AER
Micarea necontrolat a aerului dintr-o
cldire, dinuntru n afar, fr scopul
precis i planificat de a elimina aerul viciat sau de a
introduce aer proaspt.
LGSZIVRGS
Olyan ellenrizetlen lgmozgs az
pletbl a szabadba, amely nem az
porodott leveg tervezett, illeve szndkos cserjre
vagy friss leveg beengedsre szolgl.
POMP DE CLDUR AER-AER
Instalaie care extrage cldura din
aerul exterior (n acelai mod n care se
extrage cldura din incinta unui frigider),
pentru a nclzi o cldire.
LGHSZIVATTY
Szivatty, amely a kls levegbl
ht von el az pletek ftsre (ahogy
pldul a htszekrny ht von el bels
terbl).
AIR LEAKAGE
Uncontrolled movement of air out of a building which is
not for the specific and planned purpose of exhausting
stale air or bringing in fresh air.

H ,
,
.
12
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Secondary fuel
A
Combustibil secundar
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s
S
in
o
n
im
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ETANEITATE LA AER
Rezistena anvelopei cldirii la scprile
de aer dinspre sau nspre interior.
LGMENTESSG
Az pletburok (plet burkolatnak)
lgszks s lgszivrgs elleni
lgellenll-kpessge.
AIRTIGHTNESS
Measure of a building envelopes resistance to inward or
outward air leakage.
X

.
ALTERNATIVE FUEL
Fuel which substitutes a primary fuel.
A
.
COMBUSTIBIL ALTERNATIV
Combustibil care nlocuiete
combustibilul iniial.
ALTERNATV TZELANYAG
Elsdleges tzelanyagot helyettest
tzelanyag.
13
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
MATERIAL ALTERNATIV
Material care nlocuiete materialul
iniial.
ALTERNATV PTANYAG
Elsdleges ptanyagot helyettest
ptanyag.
Secondary material
A
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ALTERNATIVE MATERIAL
Material which substitutes a primary material.
A
M .
ANNUAL ENERGY PERFORMANCE
Average annual primary energy consumption of a
building.

C
.
PERFORMA ENERGETIC ANUAL
Consumul anual mediu de energie
primar al unei cldiri.
VES ENERGIATELJESTMNY (EU-S)
Egy plet tlagos ves elsdleges
energiafogyasztsa.
ves energiafogyaszts
S
z
in
o
n
im
a
14
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
A-B
Detention basin
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s
Trolmedence
S
z
in
o
n
im
a
P

RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
BALANCING POND
Element of an urban drainage system used to control
flooding by temporarily storing flood waters.
K ()
E ,
,
- , .
BETON CELULAR AUTOCLAVIZAT
Material de construcii cu densitate
mic, preturnat.
AUTOKLV SZELLZTETETT (AAC)
BETON/HKEZELT PRUSBETON
Elrenttt knnybeton ptanyag.
BAZIN DE DEVERSARE
Element al sistemului de canalizare
urban, folosit pentru a controla
inundaiile prin reinerea temporar
a apei provenite din viituri.
KIEGYENLT MEDENCE
A vrosi csatornzsi rendszer rsze, mely
vizet trol szraz idben, de tovbbi vz
felfogsra alkalmas es esetn.
AUTOCLAVED AERATED CONCRETE
Lightweight, precast building material.
A
, ,
.
Bazin de retenie a viiturilor
S
in
o
n
im
15
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
B
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
BIOMASS
Biological material derived from living, or recently living
organisms, such as wood, organic waste, and crops.

,
,
.
EPURAREA BIOLOGIC A APELOR
UZATE
Procesul care asigur contactul dintre
apa care urmeaz s fie tratat i bacteriile care se
hrnesc cu materiale organice din apele uzate, reducnd
astfel valoarea coninutului biochimic de oxigen (CBO).
BIOLGIAI SZENNYVZKEZELS
Eljrs, amely biztostja, hogy a
tiszttand vz s bizonyos olyan
baktriumok kapcsolatba kerljenek egymssal,
amelyek a szennyvzben lev szerves anyagokkal
tpllkoznak, gy cskkentve a szennyvz biolgiai
oxignignyt (BOI).
BIOMAS
Material biologic rezultat din organisme
vii sau care au trit pn de curnd, cum
ar fi lemnul, deeurile organice i plantele
de cultur.
BIOMASSZA
Biolgiai anyag, amely olyan l, illetve
nemrg mg el organizmusokbl
szrmazik, mint a fa, szerves hulladk
s valamilyen terms.
BIOLOGICAL WASTEWATER TREATMENT
Process that ensures contact between the water to
be treated and bacteria, which feed on the organic
materials in the wastewater, thereby reducing its
biological oxygen demand (BOD) content.

,
,

,

.
16
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
B
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
BROWN ROOF
Roof of a building that is partially or completely
covered with non-seeded soil laid over a waterproofing
membrane.
K
,
,
.
SISTEM DE EPURARE A APEI
NEGRE (AP MENAJER UZAT, CU
DEJECII)
Sistem de tratare a apelor uzate care conin materii
fecale i urin.
FEKETEVZ-KEZELSI RENDSZER
A feklit s vizeletet tartalmaz
szennyvz mennyisgnek cskkentsre
szolgl szennyvztiszttsi rendszer.
ACOPERI ECOLOGIC NESDIT
Acoperiul unei cldiri parial sau
complet nvelit cu sol nesdit, aezat
peste o membran impermeabil.
BARNATET
Olyan hztet, amely egy vzszigetel
rteg felett rszben vagy teljes
egszben tltflddel van betertve.
BLACKWATER SYSTEM
System to reduce wastewater containing faecal matter
and urine.
C
C ,
.
17
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Brownfield site
B
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
BUILDING DENSITY
Concentration (amount) of buildings in a given
geographic area.

K ()
.
TEREN INDUSTRIAL ABANDONAT
Teren disponibil pentru construcii, pe
care anterior s-a construit sau a fost
folosit n scopuri care au modificat starea
solului.
BARNAMEZS TERLET
Olyan fejlesztsre vr terlet, amely
korbban be volt ptve, illetve amelyet
olyan clokra hasznltak, melynek
rvn megvltozott a talajminsg.
DENSITATEA DE CLDIRI
Concentraia (numrul) de cldiri
dintr-un perimetru geografic dat.
BEPTETTSG
pletek koncentrcija (szma) egy
adott fldrajzi terleten.
BROWNFIELD LAND
Land available for development which has previously
been built on or used for purposes that have altered the
condition of the soil.

,
,
.
18
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
B
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
BUILDING ENVELOPE
Complete set of elements and components that are
assembled in order to separate an internal occupied
space from the external environment, thus creating a
comfortable, habitable interior.
C
,

,
.
ECOLOGIA CONSTRUCIILOR
Principiu de proiectare a cldirilor
concentrat asupra relaiilor i
legturilor dintre cldiri, ocupanii lor i ambient, cu
accent pe calitatea i durabilitatea ambientului din
interior.
KOLGIAI PTSZET/
PLETKOLGIA
plettervezs sorn figyelembe vett elv,
melynek rtelmben az pletek, az azokat hasznlk s
a tgabb krnyezet kztti kapcsolatra s kapcsoldsi
pontokra helyezik a hangslyt, kiemelve a bels
krnyezet minsgt s a fenntarthatsgot.
ANVELOPA CLDIRII
Set complet de elemente i
componente asamblate pentru a
separa de mediul exterior un spaiu
intern locuit, crend astfel un interior
locuibil i confortabil.
KLS PLETBUROK
Abbl a clbl sszelltott elemek
s alkotrszek, hogy elhatroljk
egymstl a bels teret a kls
krnyezettl, knyelmes, laklyos
belteret alaktva ki ezzel.
BUILDING ECOLOGY
Principle considered when designing a building so as
to concentrate on the relationships and connections
between buildings, occupants, and the larger
environment, emphasising indoor environmental
quality and sustainability.
E
,
,
,

.
19
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
B-C
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
CAPITAL COST
Cost incurred on the purchase of land, buildings,
construction and equipment to be used in the
production of goods or the rendering of services.
K
P, , ,

.
SINDROMUL CLDIRII INSALUBRE
Boal potenial cronic ale crei
simptome sunt identificabile i ale crei
cauze pot fi atribuite direct unui poluant atmosferic sau
unei alte surse definite dintr-o cldire.
PLET OKOZTA BETEGSG
Meghatrozhat tnetekkel jr
lehetsges krnikus bntalom
vagy betegsg, melynek kivlt oka kzvetlenl
sszefggsbe hozhat valamilyen, az pleten bell
a levegben terjed szennyez anyaggal vagy egyb,
pleten belli anyaggal.
COST DE INVESTIIE
Costul de achiziie a terenurilor, cldirilor,
construirii i echipamentelor care
urmeaz s fie folosite n producia de
bunuri sau n furnizarea de servicii.
LLESZKZ-BERUHZSI
KLTSGEK
Valamilyen termk gyrtshoz vagy
szolgltats nyjtshoz szksges
terlet, plet megvsrlsval, ptsvel s
felszerelsvel kapcsolatos kltsg.
BUILDING-RELATED ILLNESS (BRI)
Potentially chronic disease or illness whose symptoms
can be identified and whose cause can be directly
attributed to an airborne building pollutant or a specific
source within a building.
C
, ,


.
20
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
C
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
CARBON CARRYING CAPACITY
Amount of carbon able to be stored in a forest
ecosystem under prevailing environmental conditions
and natural disturbance regimes, but excluding
anthropogenic disturbance.
K
K ,

,
.
CALCULATORUL AMPRENTEI DE
CARBON
Metod de calcul utilizat de
proiectani sau de ingineri pentru a
evalua impactul unui proiect asupra
schimbrilor climatice sau asupra amprentei de carbon.
SZN-DIOXID-KALKULTOR
Tervezk vagy mrnkk ltal
alkalmazott mdszer egy adott projekt
ghajlatvltozsra gyakorolt hatsnak,
illetve sznlbnyomnak kiszmtsra.
CAPACITATE DE ABSORBIE
A DIOXIDULUI DE CARBON
Cantitatea de dioxid de carbon
care poate fi nmagazinat ntr-un
ecosistem forestier n condiiile de mediu
dominante i n regim de perturbaii naturale,
excluznd perturbaiile antropogene.
SZN-DIOXID-MEGKTSI KPESSG
Az a szn-dioxid-mennyisg, melyet
egy erdei koszisztma az uralkod
krnyezeti felttelek s termszetes
zavar hatsok mellett, ember okozta beavatkozs
nlkl trolni kpes.
CARBON CALCULATOR
Methodology used by a designer or an engineer to
assess the impact on climate change, or the carbon
footprint, of his/her project.
B
M,


.
21
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
C
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
CARBON FOOTPRINT
Measure of the impact human activities have on the
environment and, in particular, climate change.
B
M
-
.
CICLUL DIOXIDULUI DE CARBON
Ciclul biogeochimic prin care dioxidul de
carbon circul ntre biosfer, pedosfer,
geosfer, hidrosfer i atmosfera
Pmntului.
SZNKRFORGS
Biokmiai krforgs, melynek sorn a
fld bioszfrjban, pedoszfrjban,
geoszfrjban, hidroszfrjban s
atmoszfrjban a szn talakul.
AMPRENT DE CARBON
Msur a impactului pe care l au
activitile umane asupra mediului, n
special schimbrile climatice.
SZNLBNYOM
Az emberi tevkenysgek krnyezetre,
illetve azon bell is elssorban az
ghajlatvltozsra gyakorolt hatsnak
mrtke.
CARBON CYCLE
Biogeochemical cycle by which carbon is exchanged
among the biosphere, pedosphere, geosphere,
hydrosphere, and atmosphere of the earth.

,
, ,
, .
22
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
SECHESTRAREA CARBONULUI
Captarea dioxidului de carbon emis
de centralele de energie electric i
depozitarea sa subteran.
SZN-DIOXID-LEVLASZTS S
-TROLS
Ermvek ltal kibocstott szn-dioxid
megktse s fld alatti trolsa.
Carbon capture and storage
(CCS)
C
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
CARBON SEQUESTRATION
Capturing carbon dioxide emitted from power plants
and storing it underground.

,
,
.
COMPENSARE A EMISIILOR DE
DIOXID DE CARBON
Proces prin care emisiile inevitabile
sunt compensate prin finanarea unor proiecte care
contribuie la economisirea n alt parte a unei emisii
echivalente de CO
2
.
SZN-ELLENTTELEZS
Az elkerlhetetlen kibocstsok
ellenttelezse olyan projektek
finanszrozshoz val hozzjrulssal, amelyek hasonl
mennyisg CO
2
kibocstst kszblik ki valahol
msutt.
CARBON OFFSETTING
Compensation for unavoidable emissions by helping
fund projects that deliver an equivalent CO
2
saving
elsewhere.
K CO
2

K ,
,
, CO
2

.
23
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
C
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
CEMENT SUSTAINABILITY INITIATIVE (CSI)
Global effort by 24 major cement producers with
operations in more than 100 countries, which is part
of the World Business Council for Sustainable
Development (a unique, CEO-led, global association of
some 200 companies dealing exclusively with business
and sustainable development).


A , 24
,
100 ,
(
,

200 ,

).
REZERVOR ABSORBANT DE DIOXID
DE CARBON
Bazin natural sau artificial n care se
acumuleaz i se depoziteaz anumii
compui chimici care conin carbon,
pentru o perioad nedefinit.
SZN-DIOXID-NYEL
Termszetes vagy mestersges
trolhely, amelyen szntartalm
vegyleteket gyjtenek ssze s
meghatrozatlan ideig troljk azokat.
INIIATIVA PENTRU DEZVOLTARE
DURABILA IN INDUSTRIA
CIMENTULUI
Iniiativ global a principalilor 24 de
productori de ciment (ce opereaz n mai mult de 100
de ri), integrat n Consiliul mondial al ntreprinderilor
pentru dezvoltare durabil (World Business Council for
Sustainable Development - WBCSD, o asociaie unic n
genul su, grupnd circa 200 de ntreprinderi, condus
de preedinii consiliilor de administraie i care se
ocup exclusiv de probleme legate de ntreprinderi i de
dezvoltarea durabil).
CEMENTGYRTS
FENNTARTHATSGT CLZ
KEZDEMNYEZS
Tbb mint 100 orszgban mkd 24
nagy cementgyrt cg nemzetkzi trekvse az zleti
Vilgtancs a Fenntarthat Fejldsrt elnevezs
szervezet keretben (ez egy klnleges, vllalatvezetk
ltal irnytott nemzetkzi szervezet, amelyben mintegy
200 cg foglalkozik kizrlag az zleti s fenntarthat
fejldssel).
CARBON SINK
Natural or manmade reservoir that accumulates and
stores some carbon-containing chemical compound for
an indefinite period.
B
,

, .
24
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
C
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
CERTIFIED ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILING (CEP)
Method to identify and assess the environmental
effects associated with a building material over its life
cycle (extraction, processing, use and maintenance and
eventual disposal).
C
M


(, ,
).
REDUCERE DE EMISII CERTIFICAT
Rezultatul mecanismului de dezvoltare
nepoluant (clean development
mechanism, CDM) astfel cum este definit n Protocolul
de la Kyoto.
IGAZOLT KIBOCSTSCSKKENTS
A Kioti Jegyzknyvben meghatrozott
tiszta fejlesztsi mechanizmus (CDM)
keretbe tartoz projektek eredmnye.
PROFIL DE MEDIU CERTIFICAT
Metod de identificare i evaluare
a efectelor asupra mediului ale
unui material de construcie de-a
lungul ciclului de via (extracie, prelucrare, utilizare,
ntreinere i eliminare final.
IGAZOLT KRNYEZETI PROFIL
Annak feltrsra s rtkelsre
szolgl mdszer, hogy egy adott
ptanyag termkletciklusa sorn
(kitermels, feldolgozs, hasznlat s karbantarts,
valamint esetleges rtalmatlants) milyen hatssal van
a krnyezetre.
CERTIFIED EMISSION REDUCTION
Output of clean development mechanism (CDM)
projects, as defined by the Kyoto Protocol.
C
P ,
(),
.
25
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
C
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
CLOSED LOOP RECYCLING
Recycling a waste product into the same product.
P
P ,
.
METABOLISM URBAN
Concept care consider oraul ca pe
un sistem n permanent schimbare, n
evoluie, cu fluxuri de elemente eseniale, precum apa,
hrana, energia, telecomunicaiile, deeurile etc.
TELEPLSI METABOLIZMUS
Koncepci, mely szerint a vros egy
llandan vltoz, alakul rendszer
olyan alapvet alkotelemekkel mint a vz, az lelmiszer,
az energia, a telekommunikci, a hulladk stb.
RECICLARE N CIRCUIT NCHIS
Reciclarea unui produs devenit deeu n
scopul obinerii aceluiai produs.
ZRT RENDSZER
JRAHASZNOSTS
Egy mr hulladknak szmt termk
jrahasznostsa ugyanazz a termkk.
CITY METABOLISM
Concept which considers a city as a constantly changing,
evolving system with flows of various essential elements
such as water, food, energy, telecoms, waste etc.

K,
,

, , , ,
.
26
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
C
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
COGENERATION
Use of a heat engine or a power station to
simultaneously generate both electricity and useful
heat.
K


.
POTENIAL DE REDUCERE A
EMISIILOR DE CO
2
Capacitatea unei tehnologii, a unui material sau
proces din sfera construciilor de a reduce emisiile de
CO
2
, comparativ cu emisiile generate de tehnologia,
materialul sau procesul nlocuit().
SZN-DIOXID-CSKKENTSI
POTENCIL
ptkezs sorn alkalmazott technolgit, anyagot
vagy eljrst helyettest egyb olyan technolgiban,
anyagban vagy eljrsban rejl lehetsg,
amellyel a helyettestetthez kpest cskkenthet a
szn-dioxid-kibocsts.
COGENERARE
Utilizarea unui motor termic sau a unui
generator de energie electric pentru
a genera simultan energie electric i
termic util.
KAPCSOLT ENERGIATERMELS
Hgp vagy erm hasznlata
elektormos ram s hasznosthat h
egyidej termelsre.
CO
2
REDUCTION POTENTIAL
Potential of a replacement technology, material or
process that is used in construction to reduce the CO
2

emissions as compared to the emissions arising from the
technology, material or process it is replacing.

CO
2
,
,
CO
2

, ,
, .
Combined heat and power
(CHP)
K
-
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s

Producere combinat de energie termic i


electric
S
in
o
n
im
27
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
C
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
COMPRESSED EARTH BLOCK
Earth that is mechanically compressed into a block form,
often stabilised with a binder (for example cement), and
has a high compressive strength and good weathering
characteristics.

,
,
( ),

.
TOALET CU COMPOSTARE
Sistem de toalet care cuprinde i
controleaz producerea unui compost
format din excremente, hrtie igienic, aditivi pe baz
de carbon i, opional, deeuri alimentare.
KOMPOSZT TOALETT
Toalett rendszer, amely komposztlja
az rlket, a wc-paprt, a hozzadott
szerves anyagokat s adott esetben az telmaradkot is.
CRMID DIN PMNT PRESAT
(CEB)
Pmnt presat mecanic n form
prismatic, deseori stabilizat cu un liant
(de ex. ciment), care are rezisten mare la comprimare
i la condiiile climatice.
VLYOGTGLA V. TMRTETT
FLDTGLA
Vlyogmintba nttt, mechanikusan
tmrtett talaj, melyet gyakran
valamilyen ktanyaggal (pldul cementtel)
stabilizlnak, gy nagy a nyomszilrdsga s
idjrsll.
COMPOSTING TOILET SYSTEM
Toilet system which contains and controls the
composting of excrement, toilet paper, carbon additive,
and, optionally, food waste.
K
T, ,
,
,
.
28
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
C
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
CONSTRUCTION PROCESS
Process by which paper or computer based designs
for construction works are translated into reality on a
particular site.
C
,

.
MATERIAL DE CONSTRUCIE
Material utilizat n industria de
construcii pentru a construi cldiri i
structuri de rezisten, de exemplu: oel, lemn, agregate,
ghips, beton i mase plastice, precum i produse
fabricate.
PTANYAG
Az ptiparban hasznlatos anyag
pletek s szerkezetek ptshez,
pldul acl, pletfa, valamilyen kzet, gipsz/
vakolat, beton s manyag termkek, illetve egyb
gyrtmnyok.
PROCES DE CONSTRUCIE
Proces prin care proiecte ale unor
construcii, pe suport electronic sau
fizic, sunt transpuse n realitate ntr-un
anume sit.
PTSI FOLYAMAT
Folyamat, melynek sorn az ptkezs
papralap, illetve szmtgpes
tervezse egy adott helysznen a
gyakorlatban megvalsul.
CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL
Material used in the construction industry to create
buildings and structures,e.g. steel, timber, aggregates,
plaster, concrete and plastic products as well as
manufactured products.
C
M,
, ,
, , ,
, .
29
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Infrastructure work
C
P
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s

RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
DEEURI DE CONSTRUCII
Produs secundar rezultat direct sau
accidental n timpul procesului de
construcie.
PTSI HULLADK
Az ptsi folyamat sorn kzvetlenl
vagy vletlenl keletkezett anyag.
LUCRRI DE CONSTRUCIE
Lucrri efectuate la o structur sau la
o parte a unei structuri, cuprinznd
nlarea structurii de rezisten,
construcia, extinderea sau modificrile structurale;
modificarea, transformarea, lucrrile de amenajare,
renovarea, repararea, recondiionarea, punerea n
funciune, demontarea sau dezafectarea.
PTSI MUNKA
Munka egy adott szerkezeti elemen
vagy annak egy rszn, idertve annak
fel- s megptst, kibvtst vagy
szerkezeti, illetve egyb talaktst, felszerelst,
feljtst, renovcijt, illetve le- vagy sztszerelst.
CONSTRUCTION WASTE
Unwanted material produced directly or incidentally
during the construction process.
C
H ,
.
Lucrri de infrastructur
S
in
o
n
im
CONSTRUCTION WORK
Work to a structure or part of a structure including its
erection, construction, extension or structural alteration;
alteration, conversion, fitting-out, renovation, repair,
refurbishment, commissioning; and disassembling or
decommissioning.
C
P ,
, ,
, ,
,
, , , ,
,
.
30
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
C
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
CORPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY
Concept whereby companies integrate social and
environmental concerns in their business operations
and in their interaction with their stakeholders on a
voluntary basis.
K
K,



.
TEREN CONTAMINAT
Teren disponibil pentru dezvoltare
imobilar, dar care, n urma activitilor
anterioare, este contaminat cu substane periculoase
sau otrvitoare care trebuie ndeprtate nainte de a
se putea relua activitatea de construcie n condiii de
siguran.
SZENNYEZETT (FLD)TERLET
Fejleszthet terlet, amely azonban
korbbi tevkenysgek miatt kros vagy
mrgez anyagokkal szennyezett, melyeket a fejleszts
biztonsgos megkezdse eltt el kell tvoltani.
RESPONSABILITATEA SOCIAL A
NTREPRINDERII
Concept prin care ntreprinderile
integreaz, pe baze voluntare,
aspectele sociale i de mediu n operaiunile economice
i n interaciunile cu prile interesate.
VLLALATOK TRSADALMI
FELELSSGVLLALSA
Koncepci, melynek rtelmben a
vllalatok nkntes alapon beptik
trsadalmi s krnyezetvdelmi szempontjaikat zleti
tevkenysgeikbe, illetve partnereikkel folytatott
interakcijukba.
CONTAMINATED LAND
Land that is available for development but that, as
a result of previous activities, is contaminated with
noxious or poisonous substances that must be removed
from the land before re-development can be safely
undertaken.

, ,

,

.
31
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
C
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
CRADLE TO CRADLE
Approach to the design of all building components that
mimics nature so that, at the end of their useful life,
they become a resource for future materials, creating no
waste at any stage.

,
,


.
ANALIZ COST-BENEFICIU
Instrument financiar care permite
factorului decizional s ia n considerare
mai muli factori de mediu, sociali i economici
complicai, astfel nct s fac alegerea optim din
perspectiva costurilor.
KLTSG-HASZON ELEMZS
Pnzgyi eszkz, amelynek segtsgvel
a dntshozk szmos bonyolult
krnyezeti, trsadalmi s gazdasgi tnyezt szmtsba
vehetnek, hogy a leginkbb kltsghatkony dntst
hozhassk.
CRADLE TO CRADLE, CIRCUITULUI
MATERIALELOR N NATUR
Mod de proiectare a tuturor
componentelor unei cldiri care imit
natura, astfel nct, la sfritul ciclului de via util,
acestea s devin resurse de viitoare materii prime i s
nu genereze deeuri n nicio etap.
BLCSTL BLCSIG (C2C)
Rendszertervezsi szemllet, melynek
sorn az plet minden elemt a
krnyezetet utnozva tervezik meg
gy, hogy azok letciklusok vgn j anyagok forrsul
szolgljanak, elkerlve ezzel brmilyen felesleges
hulladk keletkezst.
COST BENEFIT ANALYSIS
Financial tool which allows a decision-maker to consider
a number of complicated environmental, social and
economic factors to permit a cost optimum choice to
be made.
A
,
, ,
,
-

.
32
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
D
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
DAYLIGHT TRANSMITTANCE
Ratio of the amount of light transmitted through a
window divided by the amount of light incident on its
outside surface.
K

C ,
, ,
.
PROIECTARE CU SISTEME DE
ILUMINAT NATURAL
Abordare specific a proiectrii unei
cldiri, care asigur realizarea unui mediu interior
confortabil i acceptabil cu ajutorul luminii naturale
(i al ventilaiei naturale), reducnd astfel cererea de
iluminat artificial i efectul acestuia asupra energiei i
schimbrilor climatice .
BENAPOZS TERVEZSE
Specilis plettervezsi mdszer,
mellyel elrhet, hogy termszetes
fny (s szellzs) alkalmazsval s gy a mestersges
vilgtsi igny, valamint az ahhoz kapcsold
energiaszksglet s ghajlat-vltozsi hats
cskkentsvel knyelmes, lhet bels krnyezet
alakuljon ki.
TRANSMITANA LUMINII
NATURALE
Raportul dintre intensitatea radiaiei
luminoase transmise printr-o fereastr
i intensitatea radiaiei incidente pe suprafaa exterioar
a acesteia.
FNYTERESZTS (I RTK)
Az ablakon tengedett fny
mennyisgnek s az ablak kls
felletre es fny mennyisgnek a
hnyadosa.
DAYLIGHT DESIGN
Specific approach to the design of a building that
ensures that a comfortable, acceptable indoor
environment is achieved using natural light (and natural
ventilation), thus reducing the demand for artificial
lighting and its related energy and
climate change impact.

C ,


( ),



.
33
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
D
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
DECREMENT DELAY
Time it takes for heat generated by the sun to transfer
from the outside to the inside of the building envelope
and affect the internal conditions.

B,

.
DECARBONIZARE
Reducerea dependenei de combustibili
fosili care conin carbon a altor procese
sociale i industriale (cltorii, procese de fabricaie).
SZN-DIOXID-MENTESTS
A szntartalm fosszilis
zemanyagoktl, illetve az egyb
trsadalmi tevkenysgekben s ipari folyamatokban
(pl. kzlekedsben, gyrtsban) hasznlt szntl val
fggs fokozatos megszntetse.
DECARBONISATION
Phasing-out of dependence on carbon-containing
fossil fuels, and carbon embedded in other societal and
industrial processes (travel, manufacturing).


,

(, ).
(COEFICIENT DE) DEFAZARE
TERMIC
Timpul necesar cldurii solare s
ptrund n interiorul anvelopei cldirii
i s afecteze condiiile de mediu din
interior.
HTERHELS KSLELTETS
Az az id, ami alatt a nap ltal
termelt h kintrl az pletburkon
bellre jut, s megvltoztatja a bels
(hmrskleti) viszonyokat.
34
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
INDICATOR DE DEGRADARE
Evaluare prin care se estimeaz
impactul activitilor umane asupra
terenurilor i solurilor.
DEGRADCIS MUTAT
Mrszm, amellyel megbecslhet az
emberi tevkenysgeknek a fldre s a
talajra gyakorolt hatsa.
Degradation mechanism
D
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
DEGRADATION INDICATOR
Measurement which estimates the impact of human
activities on land and soil.

M,
.
DESPDURIRE
Distrugerea definitiv a pdurilor i
terenurilor mpdurite; transformarea
definitiv a zonelor mpdurite n teren fr pdure, cum
ar fi teren arabil, teren intravilan, teren cu cioate, teren
viran.
ERDIRTS
Erdk s erds terletek folyamatos
kiirtsa, erds terletek folyamatos
talaktsa olyan nem erds terletekknt trtn
hasznostsra mint pldul szntfld, vrosi terlet,
irtvny vagy puszta.
DEFORESTATION
Permanent destruction of forests and woodlands;
permanent conversion of forested areas to non-forest
land use such as arable land, urban use, logged area or
wasteland.
O

;

, ,
.
35
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
D
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
DEMOLITION WASTE
Waste debris from deconstruction of a building or
structure.
O
O
.
ENERGIE FURNIZAT
Cantitatea de energie care ajunge la un
sit sau la o cldire.
BERKEZ ENERGIA
Egy adott telekre vagy pletbe rkez
energiamennyisg.
DEEURI DIN DEMOLRI
Deeuri rezultate la demolarea unei
cldiri sau a unei structuri.
BONTSI HULLADK
plet vagy szerkezeti elem bontsbl
szrmaz rom, hulladk.
DELIVERED ENERGY
Measure of the amount of energy arriving at a site or
building.

M ,
.
36
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
D
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
DESIGN LIFE
Period of time that a building must be able to function
as envisaged without a need for a major renovation.

,
,
.
CRITERII DE PROIECTARE
Set de condiii i cerine care trebuie
ndeplinite de ahiteci la proiectarea
oricrei cldiri sau spaiu urban.
TERVEZSI KVETELMNYEK
Azoknak a feltteleknek s elrsoknak
az sszessge, amelyet egy plet vagy
valamilyen vrosi terlet tervezsekor a
terveznek be kell tartania.
DURATA DE VIA PROIECTAT
Perioad n care o cldire trebuie s
funcioneze conform proiectului, fr
s necesite reparaii majore.
PLET VRHAT LETTARTAMA
Az az idszak, ameddig egy pletnek
nagyobb feljts nlkl megfelelen
mkdnie kell.
DESIGN CRITERIA
Set of conditions and requirements which must be met
by architects when designing any building or urban
space.
K
H ,

.
37
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
D
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
DESIGN QUALITY ASSESSMENT TOOL
Tool which allows for the assessment of quality
attributes in a buildings design, such as its structural,
functional or environmental performance, and which
provides information on a buildings suitability to satisfy
its intended purpose.

,
,
,


.
EVALUAREA CALITII PROIECTELOR
Proces de monitorizare a tuturor
etapelor de proiectare a cldirilor, al
crui scop este de a ajuta clientul s stabileasc dac
cldirea va fi, n final, de bun calitate.
TERVEZSI MINSGRTKELS
Az plet tervezsnek valamennyi
szakaszra kiterjed ellenrzsi
folyamat, melynek clja, hogy az gyfelet segtse annak
megllaptsban, hogy a ksz plet magas minsg
lesz-e.
INSTRUMENT DE EVALUARE
A CALITII PROIECTULUI
Instrument care permite evaluarea,
n proiectul unei construcii, a
elementelor de calitate, cum ar fi performanele
structurale, funcionale i de mediu, i care ofer
informaii privind gradul de adecvare a cldirii la
destinaia preconizat.
MINSGRTKELSI ESZKZK
Eszkzk, melyekkel rtkelhetk az
plet tervezsvel kapcsolatos olyan
minsgi jellemzk, mint a szerkezet,
a funkcionalits vagy a krnyezeti teljestmny. Az
eszkzk informcival szolglnak ahhoz is, hogy
az plet mennyiben kpes megfelelni rendeltetsi
cljnak.
DESIGN QUALITY ASSESSMENT
Process which monitors all stages in the design of a
building and seeks to assist the client in determining
whether or not the final building will be of a high
quality.
O
,


.
38
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
D
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
DISTRIBUTED GENERATION
Any electricity generating technology installed by a
customer or independent electricity producer that is
connected at the distribution system level of the electric
grid.
P

B
,
,

.
COSTURI DE ELIMINARE
Costul ndeprtrii deeurilor i
resturilor rmase n urma unui proces
de fabricaie.
HULLADKKEZELSI KLTSG
A gyrtsi folyamatbl visszamaradt
hulladk s feleslegess vlt anyagok
eltakartsnak s elszllttatsnak
kltsge.
GENERARE DISTRIBUIT
Orice tehnologie de generare a energiei
electrice instalat de un productor
de energie electric, independent
sau client al reelei, conectat la nivelul sistemului de
distribuie al reelei electrice.
ELOSZTOTT VILLAMOSENERGIA-
TERMELS
Olyan villamosenergia-termelsi
technolgia, amely a fogyasztnl vagy
valamilyen fggetlen villamosenergia-szolgltatnl van
teleptve s az elosztsi rendszer szintjn kapcsoldik a
villamosenergia-hlzathoz.
DISPOSAL COST
Cost of removing or getting rid of refuse or unwanted
materials left over from a manufacturing process.
P
P
,
.
39
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
D
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
DIURNAL HEAT FLOW
Heat that flows in and out of a building from daytime to
night-time.

,
.
PUNCT TERMIC
Sistem de distribuie a energiei (de
obicei cldur) generate ntr-o instalaie
central.
KZPONTI ENERGIAELLTS
Egy kzponti helyen termelt
energival (ltalban hvel) trtn
energiaelltsra szolgl rendszer.
FLUX DE CLDUR DIURN
Cldura care circul dinspre i nspre
interiorul unei cldiri n timpul zilei.
NAPI HRAMLS
Egy adott pletbl nappal s jszaka
kifel s befel raml h.
DISTRICT ENERGY SYSTEM
System for distributing energy (usually heat) generated
in a centralised location.

C (-
), .
40
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
D
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
VARIAIE A TEMPERATURII DIURNE
Modificarea diurn a temperaturii.
NAPI HINGADOZS
Napi hmrskletvltozs nappalrl
jszakra.
DURABILITATE
Rezistena la ageni i factori care pot
provoca alterri, descompunere sau
disoluie; rezisten n timp.
TARTSSG
Olyan anyagokkal vagy behatsokkal
szembeni ellenllkpessg, melyek
kvetkeztben mdosul, romlik vagy
tnkremegy valami.
DIURNAL TEMPERATURE VARIATION
Daily temperature shift that occurs from daytime to
night-time.


.
DURABILITY
Power of resisting agents or influences which tend to
cause changes, decay, or dissolution; lastingness.

P ,
, ;
.
41
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
EARTH SHELTERING
Partially or wholly embedding a building to exploit the
thermal mass of the ground.
B

.
CONSTRUCIE DIN PMNT
Construcie realizat cu tehnici care
utilizeaz pmnt nears, netratat i
neprelucrat.
FLDPTKEZS
getetlen, kezeletlen, nyers fldet
felhasznl ptsi mdszer.
CAS SUB PMNT
Construcie amplasat total sau parial
sub nivelul solului cu scopul a exploata
capacitatea termic mare a acestuia.
FLDBE SLLYESZTETT PLET
Az plet rszeinek vagy teljes
egsznek a fldbe trtn (be)
ptse a talaj thermikus energijnak
kiaknzsa cljbl.
EARTH CONSTRUCTION
Practice of building with unfired, untreated, raw earth.
C
, ,
.
42
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
PROIECTARE ECOLOGIC
Abordare a proiectrii unei cldiri sau a
unui produs n cadrul creia se acord
atenie special efectelor asupra mediului pe ntregul
ciclu de via al produsului.
KOTERVEZS
Olyan termk- vagy plettervezsi
mdszer, amely kiemelt hangslyt helyez
a termk krnyezeti hatsaira annak teljes letciklusa
sorn.
ECODESIGN
Approach to the design of a product or building that
gives special consideration to the environmental
impacts of the product during its whole life cycle.
E

,

.
ECO-EFFICIENCY
Practice which involves increasing the productivity of
natural resources.
E
,
.
ECOEFICIEN
Practic prin care se urmrete
creterea productivitii resurselor
naturale.
KO-HATKONYSG
Mdszer, amelynek rszeknt fokozzk
a termszti erforrsok hatkony
felhasznlst.
43
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ECO-HOUSE
House designed to maximise energy efficiency.
E-
K, ,
.
RESPECTUOS CU MEDIUL
(Despre bunuri i servicii) considerate
ca avnd efect minim sau nul asupra
mediului.
KRNYEZETBART
Termkek s szolgltatsok azon
tulajdonsga, hogy minimlisan
befolysoljk, illetve nem krostjk a
krnyezetet.
CAS ECOLOGIC
Cas proiectat astfel nct eficiena
energetic s fie maxim.
KOHZ
Hz, melyet gy terveztek, hogy
maximlja az energiahatkonysgot.
ECOFRIENDLY
(Of goods and services) considered to inflict minimal or
no harm on the environment.
E
( ) , ,
.
44
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ECOLABELLING BODY
Independent and impartial organisation, responsible for
implementing the EU Ecolabel scheme at national level.
O,
H ,

.
ETICHET ECOLOGIC
Sistem de etichetare voluntar -
proiectat, gestionat i promovat
de Comisia European - pentru produse destinate
publicului (n afar de alimente i medicamente),
fabricate dup metode care evit efectele negative
asupra mediului.
KOCMKE
Az Eurpai Bizottsg ltal letre hvott,
kezelt s tmogatott nkntes cmkzsi
rendszer (lelmiszerek s gygyszerek kivtelvel) olyan
fogyasztsi termkek szmra, melyek ellltsnl
nem alkalmaztak krnyezetkrost mdszereket.
ORGANISM DE ETICHETARE
ECOLOGIC
Organizaie independent i
imparial rspunztoare pentru
punerea n aplicare la nivel naional
a sistemului Ecolabel al Uniunii Europene.
KOCMKE ODATLSRT FELELS
SZERV
Fggetlen s prtatlan szervezet, amely
az unis kocmke-rendszer nemzeti
szint megvalstsrt felels.
ECOLABEL
Voluntary labelling system devised, managed and
promoted by the European Commission for consumer
products (excluding foods and medicine) that are made
in a manner that avoids detrimental effects on the
environment.
E
C , ,


( ),
,
.
45
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Environmental footprint
E
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
DEFICIT ECOLOGIC
Nivelul consumului de resurse i al
producerii de deeuri de ctre populaie,
n exces fa de capacitatea de producie natural
durabil de pe plan local i capacitatea de asimilare.
KOLGIAI DEFICIT
A npessg ltal felhasznlt forrsoknak
s lerakott hulladknak a fenntarthat
helyi termszetes termelsen s feldolgozhatsgi
kapacitson tlmutat szintje.
AMPRENT ECOLOGIC
Metod de calcul pentru a estima,
n cazul unei populaii sau al unei
economii definite, cerinele n materie
de consum de resurse i de acomodare a deeurilor,
exprimate ca suprafa corespunztoare de teren
productiv.
KOLGIAI LBNYOM
Szmtsi eszkz, mellyel az becslhet
meg, hogy egy adott npessg vagy
gazdasg forrsfelhasznlshoz
s hulladkfeldolgozsi kvetelmnyeihez mekkora
termfldterletre van szksg.
ECOLOGICAL DEFICIT
Level of resource consumption and waste discharge
by a population in excess of locally sustainable natural
production and assimilative capacity.
E

,

.
ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT
Accounting tool that enables the estimation of
the resource consumption and waste assimilation
requirements of a defined human population or
economy in terms of corresponding productive land
area.
E
,




.
46
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ECOSYSTEM
System of interdependent organisms which share the
same habitat, in an area functioning together with all of
the physical (abiotic) factors of the environment.
E
C ,

()
.
AMPRENT ECOLOGIC A
ORAELOR
Msur a capitalului de resurse
naturale care trebuie consumate pentru a furniza toate
resursele necesare unui ora astfel nct acesta s
acopere necesitile populaiei sale.
VROSOK KOLGIAI LBNYOMA
Annak a termszeti tknek a mrtke,
amelyet ahhoz kell felhasznlni,
hogy fedezzk egy vros, illetve annak lakosainak
erforrsignyt.
ECOSISTEM
Sistem de organisme interdependente
care mpart acelai habitat, ntr-o zon
n care funcioneaz mpreun cu toi
factorii fizici (abiotici) din mediu.
KOSZISZTMA
Olyan egymstl klcsnsen fgg
organizmusok rendszere, melyek
egyazon lettrben lnek, annak
valamennyi fizikai termszeti (abiotikus)
tnyezjvel klcsnhatsban.
ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT OF CITIES
Measure of the amount of natural capital that must be
used in order to supply all of the resources needed by a
city to support and supply the needs of its population.
E
M ,
,
,
.
47
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ENERGIE NCORPORAT
Cantitatea total de energie din toate
sursele consumat n procesele asociate
cu fabricarea de materiale i produse care alctuiesc o
cldire sau o structur construit.
SSZEVONT
ENERGIAFELHASZNLS
Annak az energinak az sszessge,
melyet egy plethez vagy szerkezeti elemhez
szksges termkek s anyagok ellltsakor
hasznlnak fel.
IMPACT DE MEDIU NCORPORAT
Impactul asupra mediului rezultat din
extracia, transportul, prelucrarea i
fabricarea tuturor materiilor prime,
combustibililor i a celorlalte elemente care contribuie la
realizarea unui bun sau furnizarea unui serviciu.
SSZEVONT KRNYEZETI HATS
Egy termk ellltshoz, illetve egy
szolgltats biztostshoz szksges
sszes nyersanyag, zemanyag
s egyb eszkz beszerzsnek, szlltsnak,
legyrtsnak teljes krnyezeti hatsa.
EMBODIED ENERGY
Total of all the energy consumed in the processes
associated with the production of the materials and
products that go into a building or structure.
O
, ,
,

.
EMBODIED ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
Total impact on the environment resulting from the
sourcing, transporting, processing and manufacturing of
all the raw materials, fuels and items that contribute to
the production of a good or service.

O ,
, ,
,
,
.
48
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
COSTURILE LA NCHEIEREA
CICLULUI DE VIA
Costul asociat cu eliminarea, ncheierea
ciclului de via sau nlocuirea unui bun
sau a unui serviciu.
LETCIKLUS VGN JELENTKEZ
KLTSGEK
Valamilyen eszkz, illetve szolgltats
rtalmatlantsval, megszntetsvel
vagy helyettestsvel jr kltsg.
CERERE DE ENERGIE
Cantitate de energie consumat de o
cldire pentru a-i acoperi necesarul
energetic i a asigura ocupanilor si
un mediu interior confortabil de locuire sau de munc.
ENERGIAIGNY
Egy plet ltal az energetikai ignyek
teljes kielgtshez felhasznlt
energiamennyisg, amely ahhoz kell,
hogy az plet hasznlinak megfelel bels lak-,
illetve munkahelyi krnyezetet lehessen biztostani.
END-OF-LIFE COST
Cost associated with the disposal, termination or
replacement of an asset or service.
P,

P, ,
.
ENERGY DEMAND
Amount of energy consumed by a building to fulfil
all of its energy needs to provide its occupants with a
comfortable living or working internal environment.
E
K ,
,

.
49
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ENERGY EFFICIENCY IMPROVEMENT
Improvement made to the structure, fabric or
environmental control systems of a building that result
in a reduction of the buildings energy consumption as
compared with the situation before the work began.

,
,


.
NELEGEREA CONCEPTULUI DE
EFICIEN ENERGETIC
nelegerea de ctre un utilizator sau un
ocupant al unei cldiri a faptului c aciunile sale produc
efecte asupra performanelor energetice i a necesarului
de energie al acelei cldiri.
ENERGIAHATKONYSG
KRDSNEK TUDATOSTSA
Az plet hasznliban annak
tudatostsa, hogy minden tevkenysgk hatssal
van az plet energiateljestmnyre, illetve
energiaignyre.
MBUNTIREA EFICIENEI
ENERGETIC
mbuntiri aduse structurii,
materialului sau sistemelor de control
al climatizrii dintr-o cldire, care conduc la reducerea
consumului energetic al acesteia comparativ cu situaia
anterioar.
ENERGIAHATKONYSG JAVTSA
Az pletszerkezet s -gpszet,
illetve a krnyezeti ellenrzs
javtsa, melynek eredmnyekppen
a korbbi llapothoz kpest cskken az plet
energiafelhasznlsa.
ENERGY EFFICIENCY AWARENESS
Awareness of a user or occupant of a building that his/
her actions have an impact on the energy performance
or demand of a building.
C
O
,

.
50
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF BUILDINGS DIRECTIVE
(EPBD)
European Directive that came into effect in 2010 to
promote the improvement of energy performance of
new and existing buildings (subject to major renovation)
taking into account outdoor climatic and local
conditions, as well as indoor climate
requirements and cost-effectiveness.

()
, 2010 .,


,
,

,

.
SERVICIU DE EFICIEN ENERGETIC
Serviciu intelectual i fizic furnizat
proprietarilor, ocupanilor i
utilizatorilor de cldiri, care, odat pus n aplicare,
conduce la reducerea consumului i a cererii de energie
a cldirii respective.
ENERGIAHATKONYSGI
SZOLGLTATS
Az plet tulajdonosainak, lakinak
s hasznlinak nyjtott szellemi s alkalmazott
szolgltats, melynek ignybevtelvel cskken az
plet energiafelhasznlsa s -ignye.
DIRECTIVA PRIVIND
PERFORMANELE ENERGETICE ALE
CLDIRILOR
Directiv european intrat n vigoare
n 2010 pentru a stimula mbuntirea performanei
energetice a cldirilor noi i existente (supuse unei
renovri majore), innd seama de clim i de condiiile
locale, de cerinele privind mediul ambient n interior i
de eficacitatea costurilor.
ENERGY EFFICIENCY SERVICE
Intellectual and applied service provided to owners,
occupiers or users of buildings that, when implemented,
leads to a reduction in the energy use or demand of the
building that the service is targeted at.

C ,
,
, ,
,


.
PLETEK ENERGIAHATKONYSGRL
SZL IRNYELV
2010-ben hatlyba lpett eurpai irnyelv,
amely az j s meglv (nagyobb feljts
eltt ll) pletek energiateljestmnynek javtst
tmogatja, ghajlati s helyi viszonyokat, valamint
a bels klmval kapcsolatos kvetelmnyeket s a
kltsghatkonysgot is figyelembe vve.
51
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ENERGY PERFORMANCE OF A BUILDING
Amount of energy required to render the building fit for
its intended purpose.
E
K , ,
.
CERTIFICAT DE PERFORMAN
ENERGETIC
Certificat, solicitat de legislaia UE, care
l informeaz pe potenialul proprietar sau utilizator al
unei cldiri despre performana energetic proiectat i
care conine recomandri privind modul n care poate fi
mbuntit eficiena energetic a cldirii.
ENERGIAHATKONYSGI
TANSTNY
Az unis jogszablyok ltal elrt
tanstvny, amely egy adott plet tervezett
energiateljestmnyrl tjkoztatja az plet
lehetsges tulajdonosait vagy hasznlit, egyben
ajnlsokat is tartalmaz az energiahatkonysg tovbbi
javtst illeten.
PERFORMANA ENERGETIC A UNEI
CLDIRI
Cantitatea de energie necesar pentru
a aduce cldirea la conformitate cu
destinaia sa iniial.
PLETEK ENERGIATELJESTMNYE
Az az energiamennyisg, mely az
plet rendeltetsszer hasznlathoz
szksges.
ENERGY PERFORMANCE CERTIFICATE
Certificate, required by EU law, that informs a potential
owner or user of a building of its designed energy
performance and that contains recommendations
on how the energy efficiency of the building can be
improved.
C
C,
,



.
52
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ENERGY SAVING ACTION
Action taken by a user or occupant of a building that
results in a reduction of the energy demand of the
building.
M
M,
,
.
SISTEM DE RECUPERARE A
ENERGIEI
Orice tehnic sau metod de
reducere la minimum a cantitii de energie introduse
ntr-un sistem general prin schimbul energetic ntre
subsistemele acestuia.
ENERGIAHASZNOSTSI RENDSZER
Brmilyen technolgia vagy mdszer,
amellyel minimlisra cskkenthet a
teljes rendszerbe bevitt energia mennyisge a rendszer
kt alrendszere kztti energiacsere rvn.
ACIUNE DE ECONOMISIRE A
ENERGIEI
Aciune ntreprins de utilizatorul sau
ocupantul unei cldiri, care conduce la
reducerea cererii de energie.
ENERGIAMEGTAKARTSI
INTZKEDS
Egy plet felhasznlja vagy lakja ltal
hozott intzkeds, melynek hatsra
cskken az plet energiaignye.
ENERGY RECOVERY SYSTEM
Any technique or method of minimising the input of
energy to an overall system by the exchange of energy
from one sub-system of the overall system with another.
C
B
,

.
53
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ENERGY-EFFICIENT BEHAVIOUR
Behaviour adopted by users which results in a reduction
of energy use or demand.
E
,

.
SERVICIU ENERGETIC
Furnizarea de energie cldirilor.
ENERGIASZOLGLTATS
pletek elltsa energival.
COMPORTAMENT EFICIENT DIN
PUNCT DE VEDERE ENERGETIC
Comportament adoptat de utilizatori
care conduce la reducerea consumului i
cererii de energie.
ENERGIAHATKONY MAGATARTS
Olyan felhasznli magatarts, mellyel
cskken az energiafelhasznls s az
energiaigny.
ENERGY SERVICE
Provision of energy to buildings.
E
.
54
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ENGINEERED WOOD
Reconstituted wood product that results in strength
appropriate for a given use and consistent quality with
less material.
K
B ,

-
.
PRODUS EFICIENT DIN PUNCT DE
VEDERE ENERGETIC
Produs care asigur performana
specificat sau proiectat, utiliznd pentru aceasta
cantitatea minim posibil de energie.
ENERGIAHATKONY TERMK
Olyan termk, amely rendeltetsszer
hasznlata kzben a lehet legkevesebb
energit hasznlja fel.
LEMN RECONSTITUIT
Produs din tala, rumegu, fin de
lemn sau din alte deeuri lemnoase,
aglomerate cu rini naturale sau
artificiale sau ali liani organici, care
are o rezisten adecvat destinaiei sale, i pstreaz
calitatea i nglobeaz mai puin material.
FELDOLGOZOTT FA
Feldolgozott fatermk, amely gy
megfelelen ers egy adott felhasznlsi
clra, s kevesebb anyag felhasznlsval
ugyanazt a minsget tudja biztostani.
ENERGY-EFFICIENT PRODUCT
Product that provides the specified or designed
performance whilst using the minimum possible
amount of energy to do so.
E
,
,
.
55
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ENVIRONMENTAL CONDITION
State of the local, regional or global environment.
E
C ,
.
SARCIN DE MEDIU
Efectul total asupra mediului generat de
un produs sau un proiect de construcii.
KRNYEZETI TERHELS
Egy ptkezsi projektnek a krnyezetre
gyakorolt teljes hatsa.
STAREA MEDIULUI
Situaia mediului la nivel local, regional
sau global.
KOLGIAI LLAPOT
A helyi, regionlis vagy globlis
krnyezet llapota.
ENVIRONMENTAL BURDEN
Total impact on the environment of a construction
product or project.
E

.
56
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT
Environmental consequences of material production,
construction, land or site development, and end-of-life
processing.
B

, ,

.
DECLARAIE DE MEDIU
Unul dintre cele trei tipuri de declaraii:
tipul I, bazat pe certificarea de ctre
o ter parte a unor bunuri i servicii specifice; tipul
II, bazat pe declaraia de conformitate pe propria
rspundere; tipul III, bazat pe impactul de-a lungul
ciclului de via.
KRNYEZETVDELMI NYILATKOZAT
Hrom nyilatkozattpus ltezik:
I. harmadik fl ltal konkrt termkekre
s szolgltatsokra killtott tanstvnyon alapul; II.
sajt nyilatkozat; III. letciklushats-alap nyilatkozat.
IMPACT ASUPRA MEDIULUI
Consecinele asupra mediului
ale produciei de materiale, ale
construciilor, amenajrilor funciare
i proceselor de la sfritul ciclului
de via.
KRNYEZETI HATS
A krnyezetben bekvetkez vltozs,
melyet valamilyen termeltevkenysg,
ptkezs, terletfejleszts s
hulladkkezels vlt ki.
ENVIRONMENTAL DECLARATION
One of three types of declaration: type I, based on
third-party certification for specific goods and services;
type II, based on self-declarations; and type III, based on
life-cycle impacts.
E
E : 1)

; 2)
3)
.
57
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT STATEMENT
Tool for decision making, describing the positive and
negative environmental effects of proposed action - and
citing alternative actions.


,


.
EVALUAREA IMPACTULUI ASUPRA
MEDIULUI
Evaluarea impactului posibil - pozitiv sau
negativ - al unui proiect propus, constnd din totalul
aspectelor ecologice, sociale i economice.
KRNYEZETI HATS RTKELSE
Egy javasolt projekt krnyezetre
gyakorolt lehetsges kedvez vagy
kros hatsnak rtkelse, figyelembe vve az
kolgiai, trsadalmi s gazdasgi szempontokat is.
RAPORT PRIVIND IMPACTUL ASUPRA
MEDIULUI
Instrument decizional care descrie
att impactul pozitiv i negativ asupra
mediului, ct i aciuni alternative.
KRNYEZETI HATSNYILATKOZAT
Dntshozatali eszkz, amely a javasolt
lps krnyezetre gyakorolt pozitv
s negatv hatsait rja le, emellett
alternatv lehetsgeket vzol.
ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT
Assessment of the possible impact positive or
negative that a proposed project may have on the
environment, together consisting of the natural, social
and economic aspects.
O

O -
-
, ,

.
58
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ENVIRONMENTAL LABEL
Scheme to demonstrate performance on certain
environmental issues.
E
C
.
INDICATOR DE MEDIU
Modalitate practic i economic de a
identifica starea unui mediu natural.
KRNYEZETI INDIKTOR
A krnyezeti llapot nyomon
kvetsnek gyakorlatias s gazdasgos
eszkze.
ETICHET DE MEDIU
Mecanism cu ajutorul cruia se
dovedesc performanele n raport cu
anumite aspecte de mediu.
KRNYEZETVDELMI CMKE
Meghatrozott krnyezetvdelmi
krdsek tern az elrt teljestmnyt jelz
rendszer.
ENVIRONMENTAL INDICATOR
Practical and economical way to track the state of the
environment.


.
59
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT SYSTEM (EMS)
Tool that enables an organisation of any size or type to
control the impact of its activities, products or services
on the natural environment.
C
()
,

,
.
SISTEM COMUNITAR DE MANAGEMENT
DE MEDIU I AUDIT
Mecanism voluntar aplicabil n organizaii
n vederea utilizrii i evalurii unui model de sistem de
gestiune pentru a mbunti gestionarea impactului
de mediu.
KRNYEZETVDELMI VEZETSI S
HITELESTSI RENDSZER (EMAS)
nkntes rendszer szervezetek
szmra, melynek keretben vllaljk egy
irnytsrendszer-modell alkalmazst s rtkelst,
hogy jobban kzben tartsk mkdsk krnyezeti
hatsait.
SISTEM DE MANAGEMENT DE
MEDIU
Instrument care d posibilitatea unei
organizaii de orice mrime sau tip
s controleze impactul asupra mediului al activitilor,
produselor sau serviciilor sale.
KRNYEZETKZPONT IRNYTSI
RENDSZER (EMS)
Olyan eszkz, amely brmilyen mret
s tpus szervezet szmra lehetv
teszi, hogy ellenrizze tevkenysgeinek, termkeinek
vagy szolgltatsainak a termszeti krnyezetre
gyakorolt hatst.
ENVIRONMENTAL MANAGEMENT AND AUDIT
SCHEME (EMAS)
Voluntary scheme for organisations to undertake the
use and assessment of a management systems model in
order to improve management of their environmental
impacts.
C
()
,

,

.
60
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ENVIRONMENTAL PRODUCT DECLARATION (EPD)
Tool to communicate the environmental performance of
a product or system.
E ()

.
PERFORMAN DE MEDIU
Cuantificarea performanei unui
produs, a unui serviciu sau a unei
organizaii din perspectiva impactului
asupra mediului.
KRNYEZETI TELJESTMNY
Egy termk, szolgltats vagy szervezet
krnyezeti hats szempontjbl nyjtott
teljestmnynek szmszerstett
formja.
DECLARAIE DE MEDIU PENTRU
PRODUS
Instrument de comunicare a
performanei de mediu a unui produs
sau a unui serviciu.
KRNYEZETVDELMI
TERMKNYILATKOZAT
Egy termk vagy rendszer krnyezeti
teljestmnynek kzlsre szolgl
rendszer.
ENVIRONMENTAL PERFORMANCE
Quantification of the performance of a product, service
or organisation in terms of its environmental impact.
E

,
.
61
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ENVIRONMENTAL QUALITY OF LIFE
Personal satisfaction (or dissatisfaction) with the
environmental conditions in which people live.
K

C (
) ,
.
STABILIREA PROFILULUI ECOLOGIC
Metod folosit pentru a exprima n
termeni cuantificabili impactul pe care l
are asupra mediului un produs sau un serviciu.
KRNYEZETIPROFIL-
MEGHATROZS
Egy rucikk vagy szolgltats
krnyezetre gyakorolt hatsnak szmszer felmrsre
hasznlt mdszer.
CALITATEA VIEII DIN PUNCT DE
VEDERE ECOLOGIC
Satisfacie (sau insatisfacie) personal
cu privire la starea mediului n care
triesc respondenii.
KRNYEZETI LETMINSG
A szemlyes elgedettsg (vagy
elgedetlensg) azokkal a krnyezeti
felttelekkel, amelyek kzt valaki l.
ENVIRONMENTAL PROFILING
Method used to capture in quantifiable terms the
impact of a good or service on the environment.

M,
.
62
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
REFACEREA MEDIULUI
Efort deliberat de a accelera
recuperarea zonelor sinistrate.
KRNYEZETI HELYRELLTS
Tudatos erfeszts a krosodott
terletek regenercijnak
felgyorstsra.
DURABILITATEA MEDIULUI
Abordare prin care se asigur
meninerea diversitii i a
productivitii sistemelor biologice
printr-o gestionare i exploatare responsabil i activ
de-a lungul timpului.
KRNYEZETI FENNTARTHATSG
Olyan megkzelts, amely biztostja,
hogy a biolgiai rendszerek az emberek
ltal trtn felels, aktv kezels
s hasznosts rvn diverzifikltak s produktvak
maradjanak.
ENVIRONMENTAL RESTORATION
Deliberate attempt to speed recovery of damaged areas.
B

.
ENVIRONMENTAL SUSTAINABILITY
Approach which ensures that biological systems remain
diverse and productive through responsible and active
management and exploitation by humans over time.
E
O
""

,

,


.
63
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
E
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ENVIRONMENTAL VERIFICATION
Third-party verification of environmental performance.
E

.
TAX DE MEDIU
Tax conceput pentru a promova
activitile durabile din punct de vedere
ecologic, prin stimulente economice.
KRNYEZETVDELMI AD
A krnyezeti szempontbl fenntarthat
tevkenysgek gazdasgi sztnzkkel
val elsegtst clz ad.
VERIFICARE DE MEDIU
Verificarea de ctre o ter parte a
performanei de mediu.
KRNYEZETVDELMI HITELESTS
A krnyezeti teljestmny harmadik fl
ltal trtn hitelestse.
ENVIRONMENTAL TAX
Tax intended to promote environmentally sustainable
activities via economic incentives.
E
,
.
64
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
EVAPORATIVE COOLING
Cooling air through the simple evaporation of water.
O
O
.
DURATA DE EXPLOATARE ESTIMAT
Durata ateptat de exploatare a unei
cldiri sau ale unor pri ale acesteia,
ntr-un set de condiii specifice de utilizare, stabilit
din datele de referin despre durata de exploatare,
dup luarea n considerare a tuturor diferenelor fa de
condiiile de exploatare de referin.
BECSLT HASZNOS LETTARTAM
Egy plet vagy pletelem
meghatrozott hasznlati krlmnyek
kzt vrhat hasznos lettartama, amelyet a hasznos
lettartamra vonatkoz referenciaadatok alapjn,
a megfelel hasznlati krlmnyekbl add
klnbsgek figyelembevtelvel hatroznak meg.
RCIRE PRIN EVAPORARE
Rcirea aerului exclusiv prin evaporarea
apei.
PROLOGTAT HTS
A leveg htse vz egyszer
prologtatsval.
ESTIMATED SERVICE LIFE
Service life that a building or parts of a building
would be expected to have in a set of specific in-use
conditions, determined from reference service life
data after taking into account any differences from the
reference in-use conditions.
O
,

,
,

.
Predicted service life
E
O

Vrhat lettartam
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s

S
z
in
o
n
im
a
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
65
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
FACTOR 4
Hypothetical fourfold increase in resource productivity,
brought about by simultaneously doubling wealth and
halving resource consumption.
4
X



.
EVAPOTRANSPIRAIE
Volumul nsumat al vaporilor rezultai
din evaporri i transpiraia plantelor
de pe uscat, care circul de pe Pmnt
nspre atmosfer.
EVAPOTRANSPIRCI
A Fld szrazfldi felszne s a
nvnyzet lgkrbe trtn egyttes
prologtatsa.
FACTORUL PATRU
Ipotetic cretere de patru ori a
productivitii resurselor, obinut
prin dublarea prosperitii simultan cu
njumtirea consumului de resurse.
4-ES TNYEZ
Az erforrs-produktivits
hipotetikus ngyszeres nvekedse
a jlt megduplzsa s az erforrs-
fogyaszts ezzel prhuzamos
megfelezse rvn.
EVAPOTRANSPIRATION
Sum of evaporation and plant transpiration from the
Earths land surface to atmosphere.
E
C
.
E-F
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
66
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
F
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
FLOOD CONTROL
Method used to prevent or reduce the detrimental
effects of floods, including the management of water
resources through construction of dams, reservoirs,
embankments, etc.
K
M,

,
, ,
.
FACTORUL 10
O reducere global de 90% din rulajul
de resurse brute, n urmtorii 50 de ani,
pentru a realiza dematerializarea.
10-ES TNYEZ
Globlis szinten az erforrsok
forgalmnak 90%-os cskkentse az
elkvetkez 50 v alatt a dematerializci elrse
rdekben.
CONTROLUL INUNDAIILOR
Metod de prevenire sau de reducere
a efectelor duntoare ale inundaiilor,
inclusiv gestionarea resurselor de ap
prin construcia de diguri, rezervoare,
taluzuri etc.
RVZVDELEM
Az rvizek kedveztlen hatsainak
megelzsre vagy cskkentsre
hasznlt eljrsok, pldul a vzkszletek
gtakkal, trolkkal, tltsekkel stb.
trtn kezelse.
FACTOR 10
90% global reduction in resource turnover, within the
next 50 years, to achieve dematerialisation.
10
H 90%
50 ,
.
67
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
F-G
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM
System which integrates hardware, software and data
for capturing, managing, analysing, and displaying all
forms of geographically referenced information.

C, ,
, ,

.
CENU ZBURTOARE
Reziduuri generate prin arderea
crbunelui la temperaturi nalte, n
centrale electrice, i care pot fi folosite ca element
constitutiv alternativ la fabricarea cimentului.
SZLLPERNYE
Sznermvekben, magas
hmrskleten trtn gs sorn
keletkez maradvny, amely a cementgyrtsnl
alternatv alkotelemknt felhasznlhat.
SISTEM DE INFORMAII GEOGRAFICE
Sistem care integreaz sistemele
hardware i software, precum i datele,
destinat colectrii, gestionrii, analizrii
i prezentrii tuturor informaiilor bazate
pe referine geografice.
FLDRAJZI INFORMCIS
RENDSZER
Hardvert, szoftvert s adatokat
magban foglal rendszer mindenfajta
fldrajzi vonatkozs informci
rgztsre, kezelsre, elemzsre s
kijelzsre.
FLY ASH
Residue generated from the combustion of coal at high
temperature in power stations, which can be used as an
alternative constituent in cement production.

O,
,

.
68
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
G
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
GLOBAL REPORTING INITIATIVE (GRI)
Organisation that seeks to ensure that disclosure on
economic, environmental, and social performance is as
commonplace and comparable as financial reporting
and important to organisation success.
()
O, ,
,

,
, .
SISTEME DE ENERGIE GEOTERMAL
Extragerea energiei nmagazinate
n straturile geologice sub form de
cldur.
GEOTERMIKUS ENERGIARENDSZER
Energianyers a fldben trolt
hbl.
INIIATIVA DE RAPORTARE
GLOBAL
Organizaie care urmrete ca
raportrile publice ale rezultatelor
economice, de mediu i sociale s devin la fel de
obinuite i de comparabile ca i raportrile financiare i
la fel de importante pentru succesul organizaiilor.
GLOBLIS JELENTSTTELI
KEZDEMNYEZS (GRI)
Szervezet, amelynek clja annak
biztostsa, hogy a gazdasgi, krnyezeti
s trsadalmi teljestmny kzzttele ugyanolyan
ltalnos s sszevethet eljrs legyen, mint a
pnzgyi jelentsek, s lnyegi tnyezt jelentsen egy
adott szervezet eredmnyessgben.
GEOTHERMAL ENERGY SYSTEM
Extraction of power from heat stored in the earth.

,
.
69
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
G
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
NCLZIRE GLOBAL
Rezultatul efectului de ser, efect
prin care temperaturile medii globale
cresc ntr-un ritm care provoac schimbri climatice
semnificative, ceea ce expune generaiile viitoare la
diferite riscuri.
GLOBLIS FELMELEGEDS
Az tlagos globlis hmrskleteknek
az veghzhats kvetkezmnyeknt
fellp, olyan temben trtn emelkedse, amely
jelents mrtk ghajlatvltozst idz el, kockzatot
rejtve a jvend genercik szmra.
POTENIAL DE NCLZIRE GLOBAL
Factor care descrie forcingul radiativ al
unei uniti de mas a unui gaz cu efect
de ser dat raportat la cel al unei uniti
echivalente de dioxid de carbon, ntr-o unitate de timp
dat.
GLOBLIS FELMELEGEDSI
POTENCIL
Az a tnyez, amely egy
adott veghzhats gz egy
tmegegysgnek meghatrozott idtartamra
vonatkoz sugrzsi egyenlegre gyakorolt hatst jelzi
azonos egysgnyi szn-dioxid gzhoz viszonytva.
GLOBAL WARMING
Result of the greenhouse effect by which the average
global temperatures are increasing at such a rate that
they provoke significant climate change resulting in
risks to future generations.

P ,
,
,
.
GLOBAL WARMING POTENTIAL
Factor which describes the radiative forcing impact of
one mass-based unit of a given greenhouse gas relative
to an equivalent unit of carbon dioxide over a given
period of time.

,



.
70
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
G
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
GREEN ROOF
Roof of a building that is partially or completely
covered with seeded soil and vegetation laid over a
waterproofing membrane.

,
,
.
CENTUR VERDE
Band de teren care nconjoar un ora
i pe care sunt interzise proiectele de
dezvoltare imobiliar.
ZLD V
Vrost krlvev vezet, ahol tilos
minden fejleszts.
ACOPERI VERDE, ACOPERI
ECOLOGIC SDIT
Acoperiul unei cldiri parial sau
complet nvelit cu sol i vegetaie
aezate peste o membran
impermeabil.
ZLDTET
Olyan plettet, amelyet rszben vagy
teljes egszben vzzr membrn fltt
elhelyezett bevetett talaj vagy vegetci
bort.
GREEN BELT
Zone of land that encircles a city and on which
development is forbidden.

,
.
71
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
G
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
GREENHOUSE EFFECT
Heating of the surface of a planet or moon due to
the presence of an atmosphere containing gases that
absorb and emit infrared radiation.


, ,
,
.
TEREN VIRGIN
Teren pe care anterior nu s-au executat
nici un fel de lucrri de amenajare.
ZLDMEZ
Olyan fldterlet, ahol korbban mg
nem trtnt fejleszts.
EFECT DE SER
nclzire a unei planete sau a unui
satelit datorat prezenei unei
atmosfere care conine gaze ce
absorb i emit radiaii infraroii.
VEGHZHATS
Bolyg vagy hold felsznnek
felmelegedse az infravrs sugrzst
elnyel s kibocst gzokat tartalmaz
lgkr jelenlte miatt.
GREENFIELD LAND
Land on which no previous development has taken
place.

, .
72
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
G
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
GREYWATER
Water from sinks and baths that may be reused for
watering, landscaping and other domestic purposes,
before it reaches the sewer (or septic tank system).
P
B ,
,

( ).
ECOLOGIZAREA IMAGINII
(GREENWASHING, FALS
CAMPANIE DE MARKETING
ECOLOGIC)
Practic a ntreprinderilor care i prezint cu rea-
credin produsele i politicile ca fiind respectuoase fa
de mediu, cum ar fi prezentarea reducerilor de costuri ca
reduceri de consum al resurselor.
ZLDREFESTS
Vllalatok kpmutat gyakorlata,
melynek sorn termkeiket s politikikat
krnyezetbartnak lltjk be, pldul gy, hogy a
kltsgek leszortst az erforrsok ignybevtelnek
cskkentseknt mutatjk be.
AP CENUIE (AP UZAT, RELATIV
CURAT)
Apa din chiuvete i vane care poate fi
folosit la udatul plantelor, amenajare
peisagistic i n alte scopuri casnice, nainte de a ajunge
n fosa septic sau n sistemul de canalizare.
SZRKEVZ
Mosogatkbl s frdkdakbl
szrmaz vz, amelyet jbl fel lehet
hasznlni ntzsre, tjkertszeti s ms
hztartsi clokra, mieltt elrn a csatornarendszert
(vagy a vztisztt aknt).
GREENWASH
Practice of companies disingenuously spinning their
products and policies as environmentally friendly,
such as by presenting cost cuts as reductions in use of
resources.

,

,

.
73
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
G
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
GROUND GRANULATED BLASTFURNACE SLAG
(GGBS)
Molten iron slag (a by-product of iron and steel making)
quenched from a blast furnace in water or steam, to
produce a glassy, granular product that is then dried and
ground into a fine powder.
C

P (
),

,
,
.
SCHIMBTOR DE CLDUR CU
PMNTUL
Sistem central de nclzire i/sau rcire,
care pompeaz cldur nspre sau
dinspre sol.
TALAJHTSI/-FTSI RENDSZER
Kzponti ftsi s/vagy htsi rendszer,
amely ht pumpl a talajba vagy a
talajbl.
ZGUR DE FURNAL GRANULAT
Zgur din fier (un produs secundar
rezultat din procesul de topire a fierului
i la fabricarea oelului) rcit brusc cu
ap sau abur la ieirea din turntorie, pentru a fabrica
un produs casabil i granular, care este ulterior uscat i
mcinat pn n stadiul de pulbere.
RLT, GRANULLT KOHSALAK
Kohbl kikerl, vzben vagy gzben
hirtelen lehttt ntttvas-salak (a vas-
vagy aclgyrts mellktermke), amely
gy vegszer, szemcss termkk alakul, amit aztn
kiszrtanak s finom porr rlnek.
GROUND COOLING/HEATING SYSTEM
Central heating and/or cooling system that pumps heat
to or from the ground.
/

/ ,

.
74
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
G
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
GROUNDWATER
Water which is below the surface of the ground in the
saturation zone and in direct contact with the ground
or subsoil.

B,

.
POMP DE CLDUR CU SURSA
SOL
Dispozitiv acionat electric, care
extrage cldura din pmnt pentru a asigura, printr-
un mecanism simplu de schimb de cldur, nclzirea
spaiului i a apei ntr-o cldire.
TALAJHSZIVATTY
Elektromos mkdtets berendezs,
amely ht von ki a talajbl, hogy egy
egyszer hcserl mechanizmuson keresztl az
pletben a helyisgek ftst s a vzmelegtst
biztostsa.
AP SUBTERAN
Ap aflat sub suprafaa solului, n
zona de saturaie i n contact direct
cu solul sau cu subsolul.
TALAJVZ
A talaj felszne alatt, a teltett znban
lv vz, amely kzvetlen kapcsolatban
van a talajjal vagy az alapkzettel.
GROUND SOURCE HEAT PUMP
Electrically driven device that extracts heat from the
ground in order to provide, via a simple heat exchange
mechanism, space and water heating for a building.

,
,

.
75
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
H
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
HEAT RECOVERY SYSTEM
Any conservation system whereby some space heating
or water heating is done by actively capturing
by-product heat that would otherwise be ejected into
the environment.
C
B ,



,

.
SCHIMBTOR DE CLDUR
Dispozitiv construit pentru transferul
eficient al cldurii dintr-un mediu n
altul.
HCSERL
A h egyik kzegbl a msikba
trtn hatkony tvitelhez ksztett
berendezs.
SISTEM DE RECUPERARE A CLDURII
Orice sistem de conservare a energiei n
care nclzirea spaiului sau a apei se face
prin captarea activ, ca produs secundar,
a cldurii care altfel ar fi eliminat n mediu.
HVISSZANYER RENDSZER
Olyan rendszer, amelynl a lgfts s
a vzmelegts egy rszt az egybknt
a krnyezetbe kikerl h aktv
hasznostsval vgzik.
HEAT EXCHANGER
Device built for efficient heat transfer from one medium
to another.

,
.
76
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
H
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
HOLISTIC APPROACH
Method which takes account of all relevant factors, to
produce the best possible result.

M, ,
- .
CONSTRUCIE DIN MATERIALE
GRELE
Construcie care utilizeaz intensiv
materiale cu densitate mare la
construcia elementelor portante ale structurii de
rezisten a cldirii.
NEHZSZERKEZETES PTS
Nehz anyagok nagymrtk hasznlata
egy plet f tehervisel elemeinek
megptsnl.
ABORDARE HOLISTIC
Metod care ia n considerare toi
factorii relevani, astfel nct s
se obin cele mai bune rezultate
posibile.
HOLISZTIKUS MEGKZELTS
Olyan mdszer, amely a lehet legjobb
eredmny elrse rdekben az sszes
relevns tnyezt figyelembe veszi.
HEAVYWEIGHT CONSTRUCTION
Extensive use of heavy materials for the creation of the
main loadbearing elements of a building.

M

.
77
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
H
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
HYBRID ENERGY SYSTEM
System which uses a combination of energy-
producing components that provide a constant flow of
uninterrupted power.
X
C,
,

.
DENSITATEA LOCUINELOR
Msur a numrului de locuine
construite ntr-un anume sit, exprimat
de obicei ca numr de locuine pe hectar.
BEPTSI SRSG
Egy adott terleten trtn
laksfejleszts mrszma, amelyet
rendszerint a laksok hektronknti
szmval fejeznek ki.
SISTEM ENERGETIC HIBRID
Sistem care folosete o combinaie de
componente productoare de energie,
furniznd un flux constant i nentrerupt de
energie electric.
HIBRID ENERGIARENDSZER
Olyan rendszer, amely az
energiatermel elemek kombincijt
alkalmazza, megszakts nlkl stabil
mennyisg energit termelve.
HOUSING DENSITY
Measure of the amount of housing development on
a particular site, usually expressed as the number of
dwellings per hectare.

M
,
.
78
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
I
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
INSULATING CONCRETE FORMWORK
Building system made from interlocking hollow
insulating elements that are similar to large lego bricks.

C ,
,
.
CALITATEA AERULUI DIN NCPERI
Calitatea aerului din interiorul i din
jurul unei cldiri sau structuri, din
perspectiva sntii i a confortului ocupanilor cldirii.
BELTRI LEVEGMINSG
A leveg minsge egy pleten,
illetve szerkezeten bell s krltte,
az pletben tartzkodk egszsge s knyelme
szempontjbl tekintve.
COFRAJE TERMOIZOLANTE
PENTRU BETON
Sistem de construcie executat din
elemente termoizolante subiri, care
se mbin ntre ele, asemntor unor
piese mari de lego.
SZIGETEL BETONZSALUZAT
Nagy legkockkhoz hasonl,
egymshoz kapcsold reges
szigetelelemekbl ll ptsi rendszer.
INDOOR AIR QUALITY
Quality of the air within and around a building or a
structure, related to the health and comfort of building
occupants.
K
K
,
.
79
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Smart building
I
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
INTERMEDIATE PRODUCT
Product that has undergone a partial processing and is
used as raw material in a successive productive step.
M
,

.
CLDIRE INTELIGENT
Cldire care ofer un mediu productiv i
eficient din punct de vedere al costurilor
i care este conceput n funcie de trei elemente
fundamentale: 1) persoane, 2) produse i 3) procese i
relaiile dintre acestea.
INTELLIGENS PLET
Olyan plet, amely eredmnyes s
kltsghatkony krnyezetet biztost,
hrom alapelemre: 1) az emberekre, 2) a termkekre
s 3) a folyamatokra, illetve ezek egyms kzti
kapcsolataira ptve.
PRODUS INTERMEDIAR
Produs care a fcut obiectul unei
procesri pariale i care este utilizat
ca materie prim ntr-una din etapele
succesive ale procesului de producie.
FLKSZ TERMK
Olyan rszben feldolgozott termk,
amelyet nyersanyagknt hasznlnak a
kvetkez termelsi lpsben.
INTELLIGENT BUILDING
Building that provides a productive and cost-effective
environment based on three basic elements: 1) people
2) products and 3) processes and the interrelationships
between them.

C,
,
: 1) 2)
3) .

80
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
K-L
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
LANDFILL
Engineered depression in the ground into which waste
is put.

,
.
PROTOCOLUL DE LA KYOTO
Acord internaional conex Conveniei-
cadru a Organizaiei Naiunilor Unite
asupra schimbrilor climatice i a crui principal
caracteristic este stabilirea unor obiective obligatorii
pentru 37 de ri industrializate i pentru UE n ceea ce
privete reducerea emisiilor de gaze cu efect de ser
(GES).
KIOTI JEGYZKNYV
Az Egyeslt Nemzetek ghajlat-
vltozsi Keretegyezmnyhez
kapcsold nemzetkzi egyezmny, amelynek f
eleme, hogy ktelez rvny clokat hatroz meg 37
iparosodott orszg s az Eurpai Kzssg szmra
az veghzhats gzok kibocstsnak cskkentse
tern.
GROAP DE GUNOI/DEPOZIT DE
DEEURI
Fos artificial spat n pmnt, n
care se depun deeurile.
HULLADKLERAK
Mestersgesen ltrehozott mlyeds a
talajban, amelybe a hulladkot lerakjk.
KYOTO PROTOCOL
International agreement linked to the United Nations
Framework Convention on Climate Change, the major
feature of which is that it sets binding targets for 37
industrialised countries and the European Community
for reducing greenhouse gas (GHG)
emissions.

M ,
,

37


.
81
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
L
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
LEAD MARKET
Innovation-friendly market for creating new innovative
products and services in areas that are promising but
are currently constrained due to regulatory or other
obstacles.
B
O
,
,

.
LEVIGAT
Ap care traverseaz un corp solid,
antrennd cu sine unii compui ai
acestuia.
CSURGALKVZ
Szilrd anyagon tszivrgott vz, amely
annak bizonyos alkotelemeit kimosta.
PIA-LIDER
Pia propice inovrii, pe care se
stimuleaz crearea de produse i
servicii noi i inovatoare n sectoare
promitoare, dar care n prezent este frnat de
obstacole normative sau de alt tip.
VEZET PIAC
Innovcibart piac, ahol j, innovatv
termkek s szolgltatsok jnnek
ltre gretes, de jelenleg szablyozsi
vagy ms akadlyok ltal korltozott
terleteken.
LEACHATE
Water that has percolated through a solid and leached
out some of the constituents of the solid.

B,
.
82
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
L
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
LEAST COST TRANSPORTATION PLANNING
Technique used for making rational decisions about
investments in transportation and other urban
infrastructure projects which not only looks at the
total costs and total benefits for an individual project,
but also examines the total costs and benefits for all
alternatives or combinations thereof and
treats them on an equal footing.

,

,

,



.
PRODUCIE SUPL N DOMENIUL
CONSTRUCIILOR
Metod de proiectare a sistemelor de
producie, destinat reducerii la minimum a risipei
de materiale, timp i eforturi, astfel nct s genereze
maximum de valoare.
GAZDASGOS PTS
A termelsi rendszerek megtervezsnek
olyan mdja, melynek clja, hogy
a lehet legnagyobb rtk ltrehozsa rdekben
minimlisra cskkentsk a flsleges anyag-, id- s
munkarfordtst.
PLANIFICARE EFICIENT A
COSTURILOR N TRANSPORTURI
Tehnic utilizat pentru a lua decizii
raionale n ceea ce privete investiiile
din transporturi i alte proiecte de infrastructur
urban, care const nu doar n luarea n considerare
a ansamblului costurilor i beneficiilor unui proiect
individual, ci i n analiza totalului costurilor i
beneficiilor decurgnd din toate posibilitile alternative
sau din combinaiile acestora, precum i tratarea acestor
opiuni pe picior de egalitate.
LEGKISEBB KLTSGEK ALAPJN
TRTN KZLEKEDSI TERVEZS
Kzlekedsi beruhzsok s ms
vrosptsi infrastrukturlis beruhzsok
esetn a racionlis dntsek meghozatalhoz
hasznlt technika, melynek sorn nem csupn egy
meghatrozott projekt teljes kltsgt s hasznt veszik
figyelembe, hanem megvizsgljk minden alternatv
lehetsg vagy ezek kombincijnak teljes kltsgt s
hasznt is, s ezeket azonos mdon brljk el.
LEAN CONSTRUCTION
Way to design production systems to minimise waste
of materials, time, and effort in order to generate the
maximum possible amount of value.

M ,

, ,
.
83
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
L
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
CICLU DE VIA
Ansamblul fazelor consecutive i
interconectate ale unui sistem de
produs, de la procurarea materiei prime sau generarea
resurselor naturale i pn la eliminarea deeurilor.
LETCIKLUS
Egy termkrendszer egymst kvet
s egymshoz kapcsold szakaszai,
a nyersanyagbeszerzstl, illetve a termszeti
erforrsokbl trtn nyersanyag-ellltstl kezdve
egszen a hulladkknt trtn vgs rtalmatlantsig.
EVALUAREA CICLULUI DE VIA
Colectarea i evaluarea resurselor, a
produciei rezultate i a consecinelor
poteniale asupra mediului ale unui
sistem de produs, de-a lungul ntregului su ciclu de
via.
LETCIKLUS-RTKELS
Egy termkrendszer bemen s kimen
ramainak, valamint potencilis
krnyezeti hatsainak a termk egsz
letciklusra vonatkoz sszelltsa s
kirtkelse.
LIFE CYCLE
Consecutive and interlinked stages of a product system,
from raw material acquisition or generation from natural
resources to final disposal.




.
LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT
Compilation and evaluation of the inputs, outputs
and the potential environmental impacts of a product
system throughout its life cycle.
O
K ,


.
84
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
L
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
LIFE CYCLE COST ANALYSIS
Method for assessing the total cost of facility ownership
which takes into account all costs of acquiring, owning,
and disposing of a construction or construction system.
A

M ,
,
,

.
COSTUL CICLULUI DE VIA
Cuantificarea tuturor costurilor
intervenite pe ntreaga durat de via
ale unui bun sau serviciu, inclusiv cele de planificare,
design, achiziie, operare, ntreinere i eliminare.
LETCIKLUSKLTSG
Egy termk vagy szolgltats
letciklusa alatt felmerlt sszes kltsg
szmszerstse, belertve a tervezst, a beszerzst, a
mkdtetst, a karbantartst s a hulladkknt trtn
vgs elhelyezst is.
ANALIZ DE COST PE CICLU
DE VIA
Metod de evaluare a costului total al
proprietii asupra unei cldiri/instalaii,
care ia n considerare toate costurile legate de
dobndirea, posesia i demontarea unei construcii
sau a unui sistem de construcii.
LETCIKLUSKLTSG-ELEMZS
Egy ltestmny sszes birtoklsi
kltsgeinek elemzsre irnyul
mdszer, amely figyelembe veszi az ptmny vagy
ptmnyrendszer megszerzsnek, birtoklsnak s
rtkestsnek/lebontsnak sszes kltsgt.
LIFE CYCLE COST
Quantification of all the costs incurred during the
lifetime of a good or service including planning, design,
acquisition, operation, maintenance and disposal.
P
K ,

,
, , ,
,
.
85
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
L
O
O

Teljes lettartamkltsg
Teljes letcikluskltsg
S
z
in
o
n
im

k
Whole life costing
Whole life cycle costing
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
LIFE CYCLE IMPACT ASSESSMENT
Phase of a life cycle assessment aimed at understanding
and evaluating the magnitude and significance of the
potential environmental impacts for a product system
throughout the life cycle of the product.
O

E ,



.
COST PE DURATA DE VIA
Metod de evaluare nu doar a costurilor
de investiie ale unui proiect, ci i a
costurilor de producie a materialelor de construcie i a
cheltuielilor de exploatare i ntreinere.
LETCIKLUSRA VETTETT
KLTSGSZMTS
Mdszer, amelynek sorn nemcsak
az adott projekt tkekltsgeit mrik fel, hanem az
ptanyagok gyrtsi kltsgt, a mkdtets s a
karbantarts kltsgeit is.
EVALUAREA IMPACTULUI CICLULUI
DE VIA
Etap de evaluare a ciclului de via
care urmrete nelegerea i evaluarea
mrimii i semnificaiei potenialelor efecte asupra
mediului generate de un produs de-a lungul ntregului
ciclu de via al acestuia.
LETCIKLUS-HATSVIZSGLAT
Az letciklus-rtkels egyik
szakasza, melynek clja annak
megrtse s rtkelse, hogy egy
termkrendszernek a termk letciklusa sorn milyen
mrtk s jelentsg potencilis krnyezeti hatsai
lehetnek.
LIFE CYCLE COSTING
Method to appraise not just the capital costs of a
project, but also the manufacturing costs of the
construction materials, operation and maintenance
costs.
O

M
,
,
.

86
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
L
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY
Mass and energy information about the functional unit
in question which is used to quantify the inputs and
outputs of a unit process, regardless of whether the
collected data is measured, calculated or estimated.


,

,
,

, .
INDICATOR DE EVALUARE A
IMPACTULUI CICLULUI DE VIA
Reprezentare cuantificabil a unei clase
de aspecte ecologice relevante (categorie de impact)
care poate utiliza rezultate ale analizei de inventar a
ciclului de via.
LETCIKLUST TFOG,
HATSKATEGRIRA VONATKOZ
INDIKTOR
Egy krnyezetvdelmi problma (hatskategria)
szmszerstett megjelentse, amelyre az
letciklusleltr eredmnyei vonatkoztathatk.
INVENTARUL CICLULUI DE VIA
Ansamblu de date colectate (exprimate
n termeni de mas sau energie)
referitoare la unitatea funcional
respectiv i utilizate n scopul cuantificrii resurselor
i rezultatelor procesului respectiv indiferent c datele
sunt obinute prin msurare, calcul sau estimare.
LETCIKLUSLELTR
Tmeg- s energiainformci a krdses
funkcionlis egysgrl, amelyet az
egysg egy folyamathoz tartoz input
s output tnyezk szmszerstsre hasznlnak,
legyen sz akr mrt, szmtott vagy becslt adatokrl.
LIFE CYCLE IMPACT CATEGORY INDICATOR
Quantifiable representation of an environmental issue of
concern (impact category) to which life cycle inventory
results may be assigned.



( )

.
87
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
L
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY ANALYSIS RESULT
Outcome of a life cycle inventory analysis that includes
the flows crossing the system boundary and provides
the starting point for life cycle impact assessment.
P

P, ,
,

.
ANALIZ DE INVENTAR A CICLULUI
DE VIA
Etap de evaluare a ciclului de via, n
cursul creia are loc colectarea i cuantificarea resurselor
i rezultatelor n cazul unui produs, de-a lungul
ntregului ciclu de via a acestuia.
LETCIKLUS-LELTRELEMZS
Az letciklus-hatsvizsglat egy
szakasza, melynek rsze a termk egsz
letciklusa alatti input s output tnyezk sszelltsa
s szmszerstse.
REZULTATUL ANALIZEI DE
INVENTAR A CICLULUI DE VIA
Rezultatul analizei inventarului unui
ciclu de via, care cuprinde fluxurile ce
transgreseaz limitele sistemului i constituie punctul de
plecare pentru evaluarea impactului ciclului de via.
LETCIKLUS-LELTRELEMZS
EREDMNYE
Az letciklus-leltrelemzs eredmnye,
amely magban foglalja a rendszer
hatrait tlp mozgsokat, s kiindulpontot nyjt az
letciklus-hatsvizsglathoz.
LIFE CYCLE INVENTORY ANALYSIS
Phase of a life cycle assessment involving the
compilation and quantification of inputs and outputs for
a product throughout its life cycle.
A

E ,




.
88
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
L
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
LIGHT SHELF
Architectural feature fixed to an opening in a building
which bounces visible light up towards the ceiling, thus
allowing daylight to penetrate deeper into the interior
of the building.
C
A ,
,
,
-
.
DURAT DE VIA
Perioad de timp efectiv n care o
construcie continu s ndeplineasc
funciile sale originare.
LETTARTAM
Az a tnyleges idtartam, ameddig egy
plet be kpes tlteni eredeti funkciit.
ELEMENT ORIZONTAL DE
DIRECIONARE A LUMINII
NATURALE
Element arhitectonic fixat pe o
deschidere a unei cldiri, care reflect lumina solar
vizibil ctre tavan, permind astfel luminii naturale
s ptrund mai n profunzime n interiorul cldirii
respective.
FNYPOLC
plet nylshoz rgztett ptszeti
elem, amely visszaveri a lthat fnyt
a mennyezet fel, gy a nappali fny
mlyebbre hatolhat be az plet
belsejbe.
LIFE SPAN
Actual period of time that a building continues to fulfil
its original functions.

P ,

.
89
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
L
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
LIGHTWEIGHT CONSTRUCTION
Extensive use of light, small sized materials and
elements for the creation of the main load bearing
elements of a building.

,

.
RAPORTUL DINTRE TRANSMITANA
LUMINII I APORTUL DE CLDUR
Metod de calcul a raportului dintre
intensitatea radiaiei luminoase i cea a
radiaiei termice.
FNYTERESZTKPESSG S A
HNYERESG ARNYA
Mdszer a lthatfny-
teresztkpessg s a hnyeresg
kztti viszony meghatrozsra.
CONSTRUCIE DIN MATERIALE
UOARE
Construcie care utilizeaz extensiv
materiale i elemente uoare i de
mici dimensiuni pentru realizarea
principalelor elemente portante ale unei cldiri.
KNNYSZERKEZETES PTS
Knny, kismret anyagok s elemek
nagymrtk hasznlata az plet f
teherhord elemeinl.
LIGHT TO SOLAR GAIN RATIO
Method to evaluate the relationship between visible
light transmittance and heat gain.
C

M

.
90
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
L
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
LOW-CARBON BUILDINGS PROGRAMME
National member state scheme where grants are
currently provided towards the cost of installing the
following technologies: solar photovoltaics; wind
turbines; small scale hydro; solar hot water; ground
source heat pumps; air source heat pumps; biomass.


-,

:
, ,
,
,
, ,
.
MATERIAL DE PROVENIEN
LOCAL
Material obinut de pe o anumit
raz n preajma locului unde se desfoar proiectul,
contribuind astfel la sprijinirea economiei locale i
reducnd cheltuielile de transport i consumul de
energie.
HELYI FORRSBL SZRMAZ
ANYAG
A projekt helyszne krl egy
meghatrozott sugar krbl beszerzett anyag a helyi
beszerzs hozzjrul a helyi gazdasg tmogatshoz,
emellett cskkenti a szlltsi kltsgeket s a
szlltshoz felhasznlt energit.
PROGRAMUL DE PROMOVARE A
CLDIRILOR FR EMISII DE CO
2
Program naional prin care un stat
membru subvenioneaz costurile de
montaj ale urmtoarelor instalaii: panouri fotovoltaice,
turbine eoliene, microcentrale hidroelectrice, panouri
solare pentru nclzirea apei, pompe de cldur
geotermic, pompe de cldur cu aer, producie de
biomas.
LOCALLY SOURCED MATERIAL
Material obtained from a defined radius around a
project site, helping to support the local economy and
reducing transportation costs and energy.
M
M,
,

.
ALACSONY SZN-DIOXID-KIBOCSTS
PLETEK PTST TMOGAT
PROGRAM
Nemzeti tagllami rendszer, amelyben
jelenleg tmogatsokat nyjtanak a kvetkez
technolgik teleptsnek kltsgeihez: napelemek,
szlturbink, trpe vzermvek, napenergival trtn
melegvz-elllts, a talajht hasznost hszivattyk,
levegbzis hszivattyk, biomassza-felhasznls.
91
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
L
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
LOW-E GLAZING
Glass which has a coating on its surface that minimises
the amount of heat absorbed by the glass and which
reflects a maximum of heat back into a building.

C ,

-
.
SURS DE ENERGIE CU EMISII DE CO
2

REDUSE
Surs de energie a crei utilizare produce
mai puine emisii de gaze cu efect de ser dect
n cazul surselor energetice tradiionale.
ALACSONY SZNKIBOCSTS
ENERGIAFORRS
Olyan energiaforrs, amely az
energiatermels hagyomnyos eszkzeinl kevesebb
veghzhats gzt bocst ki.
GEAM TERMOIZOLANT DE JOAS
EMISIVITATE/STICL ENERGETIC
Geam a crui suprafa este acoperit
de o pelicul de material termoizolant
care reduce la minimum intensitatea radiaei termice
absorbite de sticl i care reflect la maximum cldura
iradiat n interiorul cldirii.
ALACSONY EMISSZIVITS (LOW-E)
VEG
Olyan veg, amelynek felletn a
helnyelst minimlisra cskkent
bevonat van, amely a lehet legnagyobb mennyisg
ht veri vissza az pletbe.
LOW-CARBON ENERGY SOURCE
Source of power which produces fewer greenhouse
gases than traditional means of power generation.

,
- ,

.
92
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
L-M
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
MAINTENANCE
Combination of all technical and associated
administrative actions during an items service life with
the aim of retaining it in a state in which it can perform
its required function.

K


,
.
TEHNOLOGIE CU EMISII SCZUTE
DE CARBON SAU FR EMISII
Tehnologie a crei utilizare produce
niveluri sczute de emisii de CO
2
sau
care nu produce emisii de CO
2
.
ALACSONY VAGY ZR SZN-DIOXID-
KIBOCSTS TECHNOLGIA
Olyan technolgia, amely kevs vagy
sszessgben nulla CO
2
-kibocstssal
jr.
NTREINERE
Ansamblu de operaii tehnice i
alte operaii administrative conexe,
efectuate de-a lungul duratei de
funcionare a unui produs, n scopul meninerii acestuia
n situaia de a ndeplini funciile atribuite.
KARBANTARTS
Az sszes olyan mszaki s kapcsold
adminisztratv intzkeds kombincija
egy trgy hasznos lettartama alatt,
amely azt clozza, hogy az adott trgyat rendeltetsnek
betltsre alkalmas llapotban tartsk.
LOW OR ZERO CARBON TECHNOLOGY (LZC)
Technology which emits low levels of CO
2
emissions, or
no net CO
2
emissions.

()

.
93
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
M
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
MICROCOGENERATION
Simultaneous generation, within a small sized
production unit, of heat and power by individual
buildings, small businesses and communities to meet
their own energy and heating needs.
M
,
, -
,

.
VALOARE U ECHIVALENT A
MATERIALELOR CU MAS TERMIC
MARE
Unitate de msur a capacitii unor materiale cu mas
termic ridicat de a furniza, n anumite condiii de
utilizare, performane energetice mai bune dect cele
obinute dac s-ar ine seama doar de coeficientul U
acceptat n condiiile obinuite ale materialului respectiv
(n regim constant).
TMEG LTAL MEGNVELT
HTBOCSTSI TNYEZ
A nagy tmeg anyagok azon
kpessgnek mrtkegysge, hogy ha bizonyos
mdon alkalmazzk ket, jobb energiateljestmny
rhet el velk, mint ami egyszeren az adott
anyag ltalnosan elfogadott (lland) U-rtkbl
addna.
MICROCOGENERARE
Generare simultan de cldur i
energie electric n uniti de producie
de mici dimensiuni situate n cldiri
separate, n cadrul unor ntreprinderi i comuniti
mici, n vederea satisfacerii propriilor nevoi termice i
energetice.
KAPCSOLT MIKRO-
ENERGIATERMELS
H s ram prhuzamos termelse
egyedi pletek, kisvllalkozsok vagy
helyi kzssgek kis kapacits termelegysgeiben a
sajt energia- s higny fedezsre.
MASS ENHANCED U-VALUE
Unit of measure of the ability of high-mass materials,
when used in certain ways, to achieve better energy
performance than would be expected if only the
commonly accepted (steady-state) U-value of that
material were considered.
K U

M

-
,

(
)
U .
94
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
M
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
MICROGENERATION SYSTEM
Low or zero carbon generation of energy in, on or next
to buildings.
C

.
MICROGENERARE
Generare de cldur i energie electric
cu emisii sczute de CO
2
sau care nu
produce emisii de CO
2
, de ctre persoane, ntreprinderi
i comuniti mici, n vederea satisfacerii propriilor nevoi
energetice.
MIKRO-ENERGIATERMELS
Zr vagy alacsony szn-dioxid-
kibocsts h- s ramtermels
egynek, kisvllalkozsok vagy helyi kzssgek
rszrl, sajt szksgleteik fedezse rdekben.
SISTEM DE MICROGENERARE
Producerea de energie cu emisii
sczute de CO
2
sau care nu produce
emisii de CO
2
, n interiorul sau n
apropierea unor cldiri.
MIKRO-ENERGIATERMELSI
RENDSZER
Alacsony vagy zr szn-dioxid-
kibocsts energiatermels
pletekben vagy azok kzelben.
MICROGENERATION
Zero or low-carbon generation of heat and power by
individuals, small businesses and communities to meet
their own needs.
M
-
,

.
95
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
M-N
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
NATURAL CAPITAL
Extension of the economic notion of capital
(manufactured means of production) to environmental
goods and services.

P
( )
.
UTILIZRI MIXTE
Proiect urbanistic care cuprinde mai
multe tipuri de utilizri.
VEGYES FELHASZNLS
FEJLESZTS
Olyan fejleszts, ahol a terv tbb
felhasznlst is magban foglal.
CAPITAL NATURAL/PATRIMONIU
NATURAL
Conceptul economic de capital
(mijloace de producie create) extins
la bunuri i servicii oferite de mediul
nconjurtor.
TERMSZETI TKE
A tke (a gyrtott termeleszkzk)
gazdasgi fogalmnak kiterjesztse
a krnyezet ltal nyjtott javakra s
szolgltatsokra.
MIXED USE DEVELOPMENT
Development where there are many uses
accommodated in the design.
C
P,
.
96
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Natural ventilation
N
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
NATURAL RESOURCE
Useful material which occurs naturally within
environments that exist relatively undisturbed by
mankind.

,
.
VENTILAIE NATURAL
Utilizare a curenilor externi de aer,
n vederea ventilrii i rcirii spaiului
dintr-o cldire.
TERMSZETES HTS
Az pletbe bevezetett kls lgramlat
alkalmazsa szellztetsre s trhtsre.
RESURS NATURAL
Material ce poate fi utilizat i care
este prezent n mod natural n mediul
nconjurtor, ntr-o stare relativ
nealterat de intervenia uman.
TERMSZETI ERFORRS
A jrszt rintetlen krnyezetben
termszetes mdon elfordul, hasznos
anyag.
NATURAL COOLING
Use of outdoor air flow into buildings to provide
ventilation and space cooling.
E

.
Ventilaie prin tiraj natural
S
in
o
n
im
Termszetes szellztets
S
z
in
o
n
im
a
97
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
N
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
NET PRESENT COST (NPC)
Sum of the present value of all costs over the period of
interest, including residual values such as negative costs.
H ()
C
,

.
CONTORIZAREA NET
Sistem prin care se compenseaz fiecare
unitate de energie electric produs prin
microgenerare i exportat n reeaua
de distribuie electric.
NETT FOGYASZTSMRS
A mikro-energiatermelsi rendszerben
ellltott s az rameloszt rendszerbe
betpllt minden egysgnyi ram beszmtsa a
fogyasztott mennyisggel szemben.
COST NET ACTUALIZAT (CNA)
Suma valorii actualizate a tuturor
cheltuielilor efectuate n perioada
examinat, inclusiv valorile reziduale,
cum ar fi costurile negative.
KLTSGEK NETT JELENRTKE
A krdses idszak alatt felmerlt
sszes kltsg jelenrtknek sszege,
belertve a maradvnyrtkeket,
pldul a negatv kltsgeket is.
NET METERING
Receiving credits for each unit of electricity generated
by a microgeneration system and exported to the
electrical distribution grid.
H

,

.
98
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
N
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
NET ZERO CARBON BUILDING
Building that, by virtue of the materials from which it
is constructed and of the fact that it produces surplus
energy from renewable sources, ensures that, over its
design life, it compensates for all carbon emissions
associated with the construction and use of the
building.
C
C, ,
, ,
,
,

,
.
VALOARE ACTUALIZAT NET (VAN)
Diferena dintre valoarea actualizat
a intrrilor de numerar i valoarea
actualizat a ieirilor de numerar.
NETT JELENRTK
A pnzbevtelek jelenrtke s a
pnzkiadsok jelenrtke kztti
klnbsg.
CLDIRE CU ZERO EMISII DE
DIOXID DE CARBON
Cldire care, datorit materialelor
din care este construit i n virtutea
faptului c produce un surplus energetic din surse
regenerabile, compenseaz de-a lungul duratei de
via a proiectului toate emisiile de CO
2
asociate
construciei i funcionrii sale.
NETT ZR KARBON PLET
Olyan plet, amely alapanyagai
folytn s mivel megjul forrsokbl
tbbletenergit termel biztostja,
hogy tervezett lettartama sorn kompenzlja
mindazt a szn-dioxid-kibocstst, amely ptsvel s
hasznlatval jr.
NET PRESENT VALUE (NPV)
Difference between the present value of cash inflows
and the present value of cash outflows.
H (C)
P

.
99
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
N
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
NIGHT-TIME VENTILATION SYSTEM
Use of passive methods (ground cooling, night-time
radiation loss, cross ventilation and evaporative cooling)
to reduce internal temperatures or improve thermal
comfort.
H
( ,
,
)

.
CLDIRE CU CONSUM NET DE
ENERGIE EGAL CU ZERO
Cldire a crei eficien energetic
este att de ridicat, nct consumul anual total de
energie primar este egal cu energia produs de sursele
regenerabile de energie ale cldirii.
NULLA NETT
ENERGIAFELHASZNLS PLET
Olyan plet, amelynl az plet igen
magas energiahatkonysga folytn az ves sszes
elsdleges energiafelhasznls megegyezik az pletbe
betpllt (megjul energiaforrsokbl szrmaz)
energival.
SISTEM DE VENTILARE NOCTURN
Metode pasive (rcire geotermic,
iradiere nocturn sczut, ventilare
incruciat i rcire evaporativ) de
reducere a temperaturii interne i
de mbuntire a confortului termic.
JSZAKAI SZELLZTETRENDSZER
Passzv mdszerek (talajhts, jszakai
sugrzsi vesztesg, keresztszellztets
s prologtatson alapul hts)
hasznlata a bels hmrskletek cskkentsre vagy a
hkomfort javtsra.
NET ZERO ENERGY BUILDING
Building where, as a result of its very high level of
energy efficiency, the overall annual primary energy
consumption is equal to the energy (produced from
renewable energy sources) supplied to the building.
C

C,


(
).
100
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
N
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
NON-RENEWABLE RESOURCE
Natural resource that exists in a fixed amount and which
cannot be replenished on a human time scale.
H
,

.
SURS NEREGENERABIL DE
ENERGIE
Resurs de energie care nu se
rennoiete sau se rennoiete foarte
lent n urma unui proces natural.
NEM MEGJUL ENERGIA
Olyan energiaforrs, amely termszetes
folyamatok ltal nem vagy csak nagyon
lassan ptldik.
RESURS NEREGENERABIL
Resurs natural prezent ntr-o
anumit cantitate care nu poate fi
nlocuit ntr-o perioad de timp
comparabil cu viaa uman.
NEM MEGJUL ERFORRS
Olyan termszeti erforrs, amely csak
meghatrozott mennyisgben ltezik, s
belthat idn bell nem tltdik fel.
NON-RENEWABLE ENERGY
Energy resource that is not replaced or is replaced only
very slowly by natural processes.
H
,

.
101
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
O
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
OFF-GRID ELECTRICITY
Electricity usually generated for private use by
individuals or groups with no connection to local,
national or other distribution grids.
,

,

,
.
DEGAZIFICARE
Evaporarea unor substane chimice
volatile din materiale nemetalice, la o
presiune atmosferic normal.
GZKIBOCSTS
Illkony vegyi anyagok prolgsa
nemfmes anyagokbl norml
atmoszferikus nyomson.
SISTEM ELECTRIC NECONECTAT LA
REEA
Energie electric produs, n mod
obinuit, n scopuri private de ctre
persoane sau grupuri de persoane neconectate la reele
de distribuie local, naional sau de alt tip.
HLZATON KVLI ELEKTROMOS
RAM
Egynek vagy csoportok ltal a
helyi, orszgos vagy ms elosztsi
hlzatokhoz nem kapcsoldva, rendszerint magnclra
termelt villamos ram.
OFFGASSING
Evaporation of volatile chemicals in non-metallic
materials at normal atmospheric pressure.
O

.
102
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
O
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
OPERATIONAL WATER USE
Water consumed during the in use phase of a buildings
life.
O

.
CONSUM OPERAIONAL DE
ENERGIE
Energie consumat n faza funcional
a existenei unei cldiri.
MKDS ALATTI
ENERGIAFELHASZNLS
Egy plet hasznlati idtartama alatt
elfogyasztott energia.
CONSUM OPERAIONAL DE AP
Ap consumat n faza funcional a
existenei unei cldiri.
MKDS ALATTI VZFELHASZNLS
Egy plet hasznlati idtartama alatt
elfogyasztott vz.
OPERATIONAL ENERGY USE
Energy consumed during the in-use phase of a
buildings life.
O

.
103
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
PASSIVE BUILDING DESIGN
Building design approach which seeks to fulfil all of the
energy needs for comfortable use without resorting
to active systems for the maintenance of the indoor
environment.

,

,

.
ZIUA EPUIZRII RESURSELOR
Zi n care consumul uman de resurse
i servicii ecologice ntr-un an dat
depete capacitatea pmntului de a le regenera n
cursul aceluiai an.
TLFOGYASZTS NAPJA
Az vnek az a napja, amikortl
az emberisg mr tbb kolgiai
erforrst s szolgltatst hasznl az v sorn, mint
amennyi az adott vben jra tud termeldni.
DESIGNUL CLDIRII PASIVE
Metod de proiectare a cldirilor care
i propune s satisfac n ntregime
nevoile energetice pentru realizarea
confortului, fr a recurge la sisteme active de
conservare a mediului interior.
PASSZV PLETTERVEZS
plettervezsi megkzelts, amely
arra trekszik, hogy a knyelmes
hasznlathoz szksges sszes
energit a bels krnyezet fenntartsra szolgl aktv
rendszerek ignybevtele nlkl nyerje.
OVERSHOOT DAY
Day when humanity begins using more ecological
resources and services in a given year than Earth can
regenerate in that year.

,


.
O-P
104
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
P
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
PASSIVE HOUSE
Building that does not rely on the installation of active
mechanical heating, cooling or ventilation systems to
ensure a comfortable, healthy indoor environment.

C,
,

.
SISTEM DE RCIRE PASIV
Integrarea principiilor fizicii n anvelopa
exterioar a unei cldiri, n scopul
ncetinirii transferului de cldur n interiorul cldirii i al
eliminrii surplusului de cldur din aceasta.
PASSZV HTSI RENDSZER
A fizika alapelveinek felhasznlsa egy
plet bels burkolatainl az pletbe
trtn htads lasstsa s az pletben meglv
nemkvnatos h eltvoltsa rdekben.
CAS PASIV
Cldire care nu se bazeaz pe
sisteme active de nclzire, rcire
sau ventilare mecanic n vederea
asigurrii unui ambient intern
confortabil i sntos.
PASSZVHZ
Olyan plet, amelynl a knyelmes,
egszsges beltri krnyezetet
nem aktv, gpi ft-, ht- s
szellztetrendszerekkel biztostjk.
PASSIVE COOLING SYSTEM
Integration of the principles of physics into a buildings
exterior envelope to slow heat transfer into a building
and to remove unwanted heat from a building.

B ,
,

.
105
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Passive solar design system
Passive solar energy system
Passive solar heat system
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s
P
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
PASSIVHAUS STANDARD
Rigorous voluntary standard for energy efficiency in
buildings.

C
.
PROIECTARE SOLAR PASIV
Metod de proiectare a cldirilor care
utilizeaz energia solar att pentru
nclzire, ct i pentru rcirea spaiului
locuibil din cldiri.
PASSZV SZOLRIS
PLETTERVEZS
Olyan pletek tervezse, amelyek
a lakterek ftshez s htshez
napenergit hasznlnak.
STANDARDUL PASSIVHAUS
Standard strict, adoptat pe baz
voluntar, n vederea eficientizrii
energetice a cldirilor.
PASSZVHZ SZABVNY
Az pletek energiahatkonysgra
vonatkoz, szigoran nkntes
szabvny.
PASSIVE SOLAR DESIGN (PSD)
Building design which uses the suns energy for the
heating and cooling of occupied spaces in the building.
()
,

.

106
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
P
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
PERFORMANCE-BASED REGULATION
Alternative regulatory approach that focuses on
performance, as well as the desired results and
outcomes.
P
A ,
,
.
PERIOAD DE RECUPERARE A
INVESTIIEI
Perioad de timp necesar pentru ca
randamentul unei investiii s permit
recuperarea sumei investite iniial.
MEGTRLSI ID
Az az idszak, amelyre szksg van
ahhoz, hogy egy adott befektets
hozadka rvn "kifizetdjn" az
eredetileg befektetett sszeg.
PLAT BAZAT PE PERFORMAN
Reglementare alternativ centrat pe
rezultatele dorite i a performanelor
obinute.
TELJESTMNYALAP SZABLYOZS
A teljestmnyre, valamint a kvnt
eredmnyekre sszpontost alternatv
szablyozsi megkzelts.
PAYBACK PERIOD
Period of time required for the returns from an
investment to repay the sum of the original
investment.

,

.
107
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
P
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
PERSISTENT ORGANIC POLLUTANT (POP)
Chemical substance that possesses certain toxic
properties and, unlike other pollutants, resists
degradation, which makes it particularly harmful for
human health and the environment.
()
X ,
,
, ,
.
PERMEABILITATE
Msura n care un fluid poate traversa un
mediu poros.
TERESZTKPESSG
Annak mrtke, hogy egy raml anyag
mennyire kpes thatolni egy porzus
kzegen.
POLUANT ORGANIC PERSISTENT
(POP)
Substan chimic cu anumite
proprieti toxice care, spre deosebire
de ali poluani, rezist la degradare, ceea ce o face
foarte nociv pentru sntatea omului i pentru mediul
nconjurtor.
KRNYEZETBEN TARTSAN
MEGMARAD SZERVES SZENNYEZ
ANYAGOK (POP)
Bizonyos mrgez tulajdonsgokkal
rendelkez vegyi anyagok, amelyek - ms szennyez
anyagokkal szemben - nem bomlanak le, s ezrt
klnsen krosak az emberi egszsgre s a
krnyezetre.
PERMEABILITY
Degree to which a fluid can flow through a porous
medium.

C
.
108
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
P
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
PHOTOVOLTAIC CELL
Cell which transforms the photon energy in solar
radiation directly into electrical energy without an
intermediate mechanical or thermal process.

K, ,
,

.
MATERIAL CU SCHIMBARE DE FAZ
Substan cu capacitate caloric mare,
care la topire i solidificare poate
acumula i, respectiv, elibera mari cantiti de energie.
FZISVLT ANYAG
Magas fzis hmrsklet anyag, amely
mikzben egy adott hmrskleten
olvad s megszilrdul, nagy mennyisg energit kpes
trolni s felszabadtani.
CELUL FOTOVOLTAIC
Dispozitiv care transform energia
fotonic a radiaiei solare direct n
energie electric, fr intermediul
unui proces mecanic sau termic.
FNYELEM
Elem, amely a napsugrzsban lv
fotonenergit kzvetlenl - kzbens
mechanikus vagy termikus folyamatok
nlkl - elektromos energiv alaktja.
PHASE CHANGE MATERIAL
Substance with a high heat of fusion which, melting and
solidifying at a certain temperature, is capable of storing
and releasing large amounts of energy.
M

B ,


.
109
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Photovoltaic energy
P

S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s

RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
POLLUTER PAYS PRINCIPLE
Concept whereby those who cause environmental
damage bear the costs of avoiding it or compensating
for it.

K, ,
,
.
ENERGIE (SOLAR) FOTOVOLTAIC
Energie produs prin conversia luminii
n electricitate, prin intermediul
materialelor semiconductoare.
FNYELEKTROMOSSG
A fny flvezet anyagok segtsgvel
elektromossgg val talaktsa rvn
ellltott energia.
PRINCIPIUL "POLUATORUL
PLTETE"
Abordare n virtutea creia cel ce
provoac daune mediului nconjurtor
suport cheltuielile necesare prevenirii
acestora sau despgubirile.
SZENNYEZ FIZET ELV
Az a koncepci, mely szerint a
krnyezeti kr okozjnak kell
vllalnia a megelzsi vagy krtrtsi
kltsgeket.
PHOTOVOLTAIC ELECTRICITY
Electrical energy generated by a photovoltaic cell.

E,
.
110
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
P
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
POST CONSUMER RECYCLED CONTENT
Any material that was used by a consumer and then
recycled for use in a new product.
O
M, ,
.
CLDIRE EFICIENT ENERGETIC
Cldire a crei eficien energetic este
att de ridicat, nct consumul anual
total de energie primar este mai mic dect energia
produs de sursele regenerabile de energie ale cldirii.
POZITV ENERGIAMRLEG HZ
Olyan plet, amelynl az plet igen
magas energiahatkonysga folytn az
ves sszes elsdleges energiafelhasznls kevesebb
az pletbe betpllt (megjul energiaforrsokbl
szrmaz) energinl.
CONINUT RECICLAT
POST-UTILIZARE
Orice material deja utilizat de
consumator i care este reciclat n
vederea fabricrii unui nou produs.
FOGYASZTI HASZNLAT UTN
JRAHASZNOSTOTT ANYAGOK
Minden olyan anyag, amelyet fogyaszti
hasznlat utn egy j termkben
jrahasznostanak.
POSITIVE ENERGY BUILDING
Building where, as a result of its very high level of
energy efficiency, the overall annual primary energy
consumption is less than the energy (produced from
renewable energy sources) supplied to the building.
C
C,

-
(
).
111
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
P
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
POTABLE WATER
Water that is satisfactory for drinking, culinary and
domestic purposes and that meets the requirements of
relevant health authority legislation.

B ,
,

.
EVALUARE N EXPLOATARE
Comparaie, efectuat n mod obinuit
de responsabilii organizaiei sau de
gestionarii infrastructurii, ntre criteriile de performan
declarate i performanele reale ale unei cldiri.
HASZNLATBA VTEL UTNI
ELLENRZS
Az plet aktulis teljestmnynek az
elvrt teljestmnykritriumokkal trtn sszevetse
ltalban a szervezeti menedzser vagy az zemeltetk
ltal.
AP POTABIL
Ap de calitate satisfctoare pentru
consumul uman i pentru utilizare
casnic i care ndeplinete cerinele
prevzute de legislaia emis de autoritile sanitare
competente.
IVVZ
Ivsra, fzsre s hztartsi hasznlatra
alkalmas, illetve az adott egszsggyi
hatsgi elrsoknak megfelel vz.
POST OCCUPANCY EVALUATION (POE)
Comparison of actual building performance with
stated performance criteria, usually undertaken by
organisational or facility managers.
C (CEO)
C
,

.
112
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
P
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
POZZOLANA
Fine, sandy volcanic ash, originally discovered and dug
in Italy at Pozzuoli in the region around Vesuvius, but
later at a number of other sites.

, ,
, ,
, - .
PUZZOLANE
Material care, n combinaie cu
hidroxidul de calciu, are proprieti
similare cu cele ale cimentului.
PUZZOLN CEMENT
Olyan anyag, amely oltott msszel
(klcium-hidroxiddal) keverve
cementszer tulajdonsgokat mutat.
PUZZOLAN
Cenu vulcanic fin i nisipoas,
descoperit i exploatat la origine n
Pozzuoli (Italia), n regiunea din jurul
vulcanului Vezuviu, dar mai trziu exploatat i n alte
situri.
PUZZOLN
Finom, homokszer vulkanikus salak,
melyet elszr az olaszorszgi Pozzuoli
mellett, a Vezvot krnyez rgiban,
de ksbb tbb ms helyen is talltak s
bnysztak.
POZZOLAN
Material which, when combined with calcium hydroxide,
exhibits cementitious properties.

M,
( ) .
113
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
P
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
PRODUCT CATEGORY RULES (PCR)
Rules, requirements and guidelines for developing type
III environmental declarations.
()
,
III .
MATERIE PRIM PRINCIPAL
Material natural netransformat sau care a
suferit o transformare minim.
ELSDLEGES NYERSANYAG
A termszetbl szrmaz,
feldolgozatlan vagy minimlisan
feldolgozott anyag.
NORM PE CATEGORII DE PRODUSE
Norme, cerine i linii directoare pentru
elaborarea declaraiilor de mediu de
tip III.
TERMKKATEGRIA-SZABLYOK
Szablyok, elvrsok s irnymutatsok
III. tpus krnyezetvdelmi
nyilatkozatok kidolgozshoz.
PRIMARY RAW MATERIAL
Material that came from nature and is in an unprocessed
or minimally processed state.

H
.
114
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
P
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
PRODUCT ENVIRONMENTAL CRITERIA
Environmental factors and conditions for a certain
product which, when met by the producer, allow for the
affixing of a symbol/label certifying its compliance.
E
E ,
, ,
/,
.
REVIZUIREA REGLEMENTRILOR
PRIVIND TIPURILE DE PRODUSE
Proces prin care o parte ter verific
reglementrile privind tipurile de
produse.
TERMKKATEGRIA-SZABLYOK
ELLENRZSE
Folyamat, amelynek sorn egy
harmadik fl ellenrzi a
termkkategria-szablyokat.
CRITERII DE MEDIU PENTRU
PRODUSE
Factori i condiii de mediu privitoare
la un produs, care, odat ndeplinite
de productor, permit aplicarea unei etichete care
confirm acest fapt.
TERMKRE VONATKOZ
KRNYEZETVDELMI KRITRIUMOK
Az adott termkre vonatkoz
krnyezetvdelmi tnyezk s felttelek,
melyek - ha a termel teljesti ket - lehetv teszik egy
megfelelsgi jelzs/cmke viselst.
PRODUCT CATEGORY RULES REVIEW
Process whereby a third party verifies the product
category rules.

,
.
115
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
P-R
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
RADON PROTECTION
Measure incorporated into the design of a building
that ensures that the naturally occurring radioactive
gas, radon, cannot seep into the occupied parts of the
building.

M,
, ,

.
CAIET DE SARCINI AL PRODUSULUI
Document scris care cuprinde
caracteristicile cerute sau efective ale
unui produs, n vederea facilitrii obinerii, fabricrii sau
recunoaterii acestuia.
TERMKLERS
A termk kvnt (vagy aktulis)
jellemzinek rsbeli felsorolsa olyan
mdon, hogy ez lehetv teszi a termk beszerzst
vagy ellltst, illetve elfogadst.
PROTECIE MPOTRIVA
RADONULUI
Msur integrat n proiectarea unei
cldiri care garanteaz c radonul
(un gaz radioactiv natural) nu infiltreaz spaiile locuibile
ale acesteia.
RADONVDELEM
Az plettervezs rszt kpez
intzkeds annak biztostsra, hogy
a termszetesen elfordul radioaktv
radongz ne szivroghasson be az
plet laktereibe.
PRODUCT SPECIFICATION
Written statement of a products required (or actual)
characteristics documented in a manner that facilitates
its procurement or production and acceptance.
C
(
) ,
,
.
116
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
R
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
REAL DISCOUNT RATE
Rate adjusted to eliminate the effects of expected
inflation and used to discount constant year benefits
and costs.
P
C, ,
,

.
CONSTRUCIE DIN CHIRPICI
Tehnic de construcie a zidurilor,
realizat prin tasarea puternic n cofraj
a unui amestec de pmnt, ap i - n general - a unei
mici cantiti de ciment.
DNGLT FLD SZERKEZET
Falptsi technika, melynl a fldbl,
vzbl s ltalban egy kis cementbl
ksztett keverket igen ersen
belednglik a formba.
RATA DE ACTUALIZARE REAL
Rata ajustat astfel nct s elimine
efectele inflaiei prevzute i utilizat
pentru calcularea cheltuielilor i
veniturilor unui exerciiu financiar
constant.
VALS DISZKONTRTA
Kamatlb a vrhat inflci hatsainak
ellenslyozsra, melyet az lland ves
haszon s kltsgek leszmtolsra
alkalmaznak.
RAMMED EARTH CONSTRUCTION
Wall-building technique, by which a mixture of earth,
water, and usually a small amount of cement, is very
forcibly tamped inside formwork.
-
,
,
, .
117
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Recycled resource
Secondary raw material
R
P
B
jrahasznostott erforrs
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s
S
z
in
o
n
im
a
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
RECYCLED RAW MATERIAL
Material that is being reused or recycled in other
materials.
P
M,
.
AGREGATE DIN BETON RECICLAT
Agregate rezultate din procesarea
materialelor anorganice utilizate
anterior n construcii i formate n principal din beton
recuperat, splat i calibrat pentru reutilizare ca agregat
n fabricarea unui nou beton.
JRAHASZNOSTOTT BETON-
ADALKANYAG
Korbban ptmnyekben
alkalmazott, szervetlen anyagokbl ellltott
adalkanyag, amely alapveten zzott, tiszttott betont
tartalmaz adalkanyagknt trtn felhasznlsra a
betongyrtsban.
MATERIE PRIM RECICLAT
Material reutilizat n alte materiale sau
reciclat pentru a produce alte material.
JRAHASZNOSTOTT NYERSANYAG
Ms anyagokban jrahasznostott
anyag.
RECYCLED CONCRETE AGGREGATE (RCA)
Aggregate resulting from the processing of inorganic
material previously used in construction and principally
comprising crushed concrete washed and graded
for use as an aggregate in the production of further
concrete.
P
()
,

, ,
,
-
.

Materie prim secundar


S
in
o
n
im
118
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Renovate
Retrofit
R
Recondiionare
Renovare
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
REFURBISH
Act of renewing and overhauling all elements of a
building to bring it to a condition that makes it seem as
if it is new again, giving it a second useful life.
P

,
,
.
RECICLARE
Proces prin care un material aruncat
este colectat, sortat, procesat i
transformat n materii prime care sunt apoi utilizate
pentru fabricarea unor noi produse.
JRAHASZNOSTS
Folyamat, amelynek sorn a
hulladkanyagot sszegyjtik,
sztvlogatjk, feldolgozzk s - j termkek
ellltshoz felhasznlhat - nyersanyagg alaktjk.
REABILITARE
Proces de refacere i rennoire a
tuturor elementelor unei cldiri,
pentru a o aduce ntr-o stare similar
uneia noi, prelungindu-i astfel durata
de exploatare.
FELJTS
Az plet valamennyi elemnek feljtsa
s talaktsa annak rdekben, hogy
az plet - llagt tekintve - ismt jnak
tnjn, s gy hasznoss vlhasson.
RECYCLING
Process by which a discarded material is collected,
sorted, processed and converted into raw materials
which are then used in the production of new products.
P
, ,
, ,

.
S
in
o
n
im
M

119
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
R
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
RENEWABLE ENERGY
Energy generated from natural resources such as
sunlight, wind, rain, tides, biomass and geothermal heat,
which are renewable (naturally replenished).
B
E,
, , ,
, ,
( ).
DECONTAMINARE
Aciune sau msur luat n vederea
reducerii, nlturrii sau eliminrii
prezenei substanelor periculoase de pe un teren, astfel
nct acestea s corespund standardelor, specificaiilor
sau cerinelor prevzute de statute, reglementri sau
regulamente.
HELYRELLTS
Cselekvs vagy intzkeds egy
adott ingatlanon tallhat veszlyes
anyagok cskkentsre, tiszttsra, eltvoltsra
vagy rtalmatlantsra a trvnyekben, szablyokban
vagy rendeletekben esetlegesen elrt normknak,
jellemzknek vagy kvetelmnyeknek megfelelen.
ENERGIE REGENERABIL
Energie produs din unele surse
naturale precum cea solar, eolian,
din precipitaii, cureni marini (maree),
biomas sau din surse geotermale, care se reconstituie
n mod natural.
MEGJUL ENERGIA
Termszetes forrsok - pldul
napfny, szl, es, raply, biomassza
s geotermikus h - alapjn ellltott
energia, mely megjthat (termszetes mdon
ptolhat).
REMEDIATION
Action or measure taken to lessen, clean-up, remove or
mitigate the existence of hazardous materials existing
on a property to such standards, specifications or
requirements as may be required by statutes, rules or
regulations.
C
, ,
,

,
,
, ,
.
120
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
R
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
RENEWABLE RESOURCE
Resource that is capable of being replenished through
natural processes or its own reproduction, generally
within a time-span that does not exceed a few decades.
B
,

,
, .
CERTIFICAT VERDE PENTRU
PRODUCTORII DE ENERGIE
REGENERABIL
Certificat solicitat de legislaia UE, prin care un proprietar
potenial este informat n legtur cu cantitatea de
energie produs din surse regenerabile i care poate
fi utilizat pentru a verifica ndeplinirea obligaiei de a
furniza o anumit cot de energie provenit din surse
regenerabile, n conformitate cu programele i normele
privind pachetul de energie regenerabil.
MEGJULENERGIA-TANSTVNY
Az unis jogszablyokban elrt
tanstvny, amely a potencilis
tulajdonost tjkoztatja az ellltott megjul energia
mennyisgrl, s felhasznlhat annak ellenrzshez,
hogy teljesl-e a villamos ram bizonyos szzalknak
megjul energibl trtn ellltsra vonatkoz, a
megjul energik portfolis szabvnyrendszereiben
elrt ktelezettsg.
RESURS REGENERABIL (DE
ENERGIE)
Resurs care poate fi reconstituit
prin procese naturale sau prin proprie
reproducere, n general la o scar
temporal ce nu depete cteva
decenii.
MEGJUL ERFORRS
Termszetes folyamatok vagy sajt
reprodukci tjn, ltalban egy-kt
vtizednl nem hosszabb id alatt
ptolhat energiaforrs.
RENEWABLE ENERGY CERTIFICATE (REC)
Certificate required by EU law that informs a
potential owner about the amount of renewable
energy generated and which can be used to verify
the fulfilment of an obligation to source a certain
percentage of renewable generation
as required in renewable portfolio
standard schemes.
()
C, ,


,


,


.
121
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
R
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
RESIDUAL VALUE
Estimated amount that an entity can obtain when
disposing of an asset after its useful life has ended
(accounting).

,
,
().
DURAT DE EXPLOATARE REZIDUAL
Restul duratei de via funcional
estimat de-a lungul fazei sale
funcionale.
FENNMARAD LETTARTAM
Egy hasznlatban lv plet vagy
szerkezet vrhat fennmarad
lettartama.
VALOARE REZIDUAL
Sum estimat pe care o entitate o
poate obine n momentul cesionrii sau
nstrinrii unui activ care i-a epuizat
durata de via util (contabilitate).
MARADVNYRTK
Egy adott eszkz becslt piaci rtke
hasznos lettartama vgn (szmvitel).
RESIDUAL SERVICE LIFE
Predicted remaining service life of a building or
structure partway through its use phase.
O

O
,
.
122
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Responsible sourcing scheme
R
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
RESPONSIBLE MATERIALS SOURCING
Holistic approach to managing a product from the point
at which a material is mined or harvested in its raw state
through manufacture and processing, through use,
reuse and recycling, until its final disposal as waste with
no further value.
O


, ,
, ,

.
RECUPERAREA RESURSELOR
Extragerea materialelor utile sau a
energiei provenite din deeuri solide.
ERFORRSOK VISSZANYERSE
Hasznos anyagok vagy energia kivonsa
szilrd hulladkbl.
PROGRAM DE APROVIZIONARE
RESPONSABIL
Abordare holist de gestionare a
produselor, plecnd de la etapa de
extracie sau de colectare n stare brut, trecnd prin
fabricare i procesare, utilizare, reutilizare i reciclare,
pn la depozitarea final a deeurilor lipsite de valoare.
FELELS ANYAGFELHASZNLS
Holisztikus megkzelts a termk
kezelsre a nyersanyagknt val
kibnyszstl vagy learatstl a
feldolgozson, hasznlaton, jrafelhasznlson s
jrahasznostson keresztl az rtktelen hulladkknt
val vgleges rtalmatlantsig.
RESOURCE RECOVERY
Extraction of useful materials or energy from solid waste.
O

.
Felels forrsfelhasznlsi rendszer
S
z
in
o
n
im
a
C

123
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
R
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ROBUSTNESS
Being able to withstand stresses, pressures, or changes
in procedure or circumstance.
P
K ,
.
BAZIN DE RETENIE
Echipament proiectat pentru a reine
apa rezultat din precipitaii, n
vederea prevenirii inundaiilor i eroziunii n aval i a
mbuntirii apei unui ru afluent, a unui torent, lac sau
golf din apropiere.
MESTERSGES VZGYJT T
Mestersges vztrol a folyvizek
kezelsre: az rads s az als
szakaszokon az erzi megelzsre, illetve a kzeli
folyk, patakok, tavak vagy blk vzminsgnek
javtsra.
ROBUSTEE
Capacitatea de a rezista la solicitri,
tensiuni sau schimbri ale procedurilor
sau condiiilor.
ELLENLL KPESSG
A mechanikai ignybevtellel s egyb
terhelssel, illetve a folyamatok vagy
krlmnyek vltozsaival szembeni
ellenll kpessg.
RETENTION POND
Engineered water-holding device used to manage
storm water runoff to prevent flooding and downstream
erosion, and improve water quality in an adjacent river,
stream, lake or bay.

,



, ,
,
.
124
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
R-S
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
SEASONAL ENERGY EFFICIENCY RATIO (SEER)
Total cooling output of an air conditioner during its
normal annual usage period for cooling, in kW, divided
by the total electric energy input during the same
period.
C
(SEER)
O

, kW

.
AP DE IROIRE
Apa scurs la suprafaa pmntului
pn la un sistem de drenaj/canalizare.
ELFOLYS
A vz elfolysa a talajfelsznen a
vzelvezet rendszerbe.
RATA DE EFICIEN ENERGETIC
SEZONIER (REES)
Puterea frigorific total n kW a unui
sistem de aer condiionat, calculat pe
perioada anual normal de condiionare i raportat la
energia electric total consumat n aceeai perioad.
SZEZONLIS HTSI HATKONYSG
(SEER)
Termkeknek hasznlhat erforrs
(lnyegben j anyag) ltrehozst clz
jrafelhasznlsbl keletkez anyag.
RUNOFF
Water flow over the ground surface to the drainage
system.

O
.
125
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
S
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
SEQUESTRATION
Removal of greenhouse gases from the atmosphere
by photosynthesis, or technological measures through
storage in a carbon sink.



.
AUTONOMIE
Mod de via care nu depinde de
altcineva.
NELLTS
Msoktl nem fgg mdon val
letvezets.
SECHESTRARE
Procesul de ndeprtare a emisiilor de
gaze cu efect de ser din atmosfer prin
fotosintez sau folosind tehnologii de
captare sau stocare n absorbani de
dioxid de carbon.
ELKLNTS
Az veghzhatst okoz gzok
kivonsa az atmoszfrbl
fotoszintzissel vagy technolgiai
eszkzkkel (szn-dioxid-megktben
val trols).
SELF SUFFICIENCY
Living in a way that is not dependent on others.
C
B .
126
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
S
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
SHADING COEFFICIENT
Ratio of the solar energy transmitted through a window
to the incident solar energy.
K
O ,
, .
DURAT DE EXPLOATARE
Perioad dup construirea unei cldiri
sau a unei instalaii asamblate n care
acestea furnizeaz nivelul de performan
solicitat sau chiar l depesc.
LETTARTAM
Az az idtartam, amely alatt egy
adott plet vagy zembe helyezett
rendszer az zembe llts utn teljesti vagy tllpi a
teljestmnyelvrsokat.
COEFICIENT DE UMBRIRE
Raportul dintre radiaia solar
transmis direct prin spaiul unei
ferestre i radiaia solar incident.
RNYKOLSI EGYTTHAT
Az ablakvegen teresztett napenergia
viszonya a bees napenergihoz.
SERVICE LIFE
Period of time after installation during which a
building or an assembled system meets or exceeds the
performance requirements.
C
,

.
127
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
S
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
SMALL SCALE GENERATION OF ELECTRICITY
Generation, by individuals, businesses or communities
of electricity in small sized installations, generally from
renewable sources.

,

,
.
SINDROMUL CLDIRII INSALUBRE
(SCI)
Manifestri simptomatice nespecifice
care i pot afecta temporar pe ocupanii unor cldiri i
care se atenueaz sau dispar atunci cnd acetia pleac
din cldire.
BETEG PLET SZINDRMA (SBS)
Nem konkrt tnetek, amelyek
ideiglenesen jelentkezhetnek egy
adott plet hasznlinl, s az plet elhagysa utn
enyhlhetnek vagy elmlhatnak.
GENERAREA LA SCAR MIC A
ELECTRICITII
Producerea de energie electric de
ctre persoane, ntreprinderi sau
comuniti n instalaii de mici dimensiuni, n general
din surse regenerabile.
KISZEMI RAMTERMELS
Egynek, vllalkozsok vagy kzssgek
ltal kismret berendezsekben
trtn villamosenergia-termels,
ltalban megjul energiaforrsokbl.
SICK BUILDING SYNDROME (SBS)
Non-specific symptoms that can temporarily affect some
building occupants while in a building and diminish or
go when they leave the building.
C
()
H ,
,
,
,
.
128
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
S
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
SOLAR PANEL COLLECTOR
Solar collector specifically intended to absorb sunlight
to provide heat.

C ,
,
.
ORAS INTELIGENT
Ora proiectat, organizat i gestionat
astfel nct s consume mai puin
energie dect oraele convenionale comparabile
i care, prin intermediul sistemelor ncorporate n
reeaua stradal, ncurajeaz n mod activ i sprijin
comportamentul energetic eficient al rezidenilor si.
INTELLIGENS VROS
Olyan mdon megtervezett, kialaktott
s irnytott vros, hogy az a hasonl
hagyomnyos vrosokhoz kpest kevesebb energit
fogyasszon, s az utciba beptett rendszerek
rvn aktvan sztnzze vagy tmogassa a lakosok
energiahatkony magatartst.
PANOU SOLAR COLECTOR
Colector de energie solar conceput
special nct s absoarb lumina
soarelui pentru a o converti n cldur.
NAPKOLLEKTOR PANEL
Hszolgltats rdekben kifejezetten
a napfny elnyelsre szolgl
napkollektor.
SMART CITY
City which is designed, laid out and managed to
consume less energy than comparable, conventional
cities and that, by the systems incorporated in its streets,
actively encourages or supports the energy efficient
behaviour of its occupants.

, ,
, -
,

-

.
129
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
S
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
SOLAR THERMAL ENERGY
Solar energy absorbed by a heat transfer medium
(usually a fluid) and used to provide hot water for
cleaning and heating purposes.
C
C ,
( )

.
PROTECIE SOLAR
Sistem care controleaz cantitatea de
cldur i lumin care ptrunde ntr-o
cldire, permind utilizatorilor s controleze creterile
de temperatur determinate de cldura soarelui.
RNYKOLS
Rendszer az pletbe hatol h s
fny mennyisgnek ellenrzsre,
amelynek rvn a felhasznlk szablyozni tudjk a
napsugrzs okozta felmelegedst.
ENERGIE TERMIC SOLAR
Energie provenit din radiaia solar
absorbit de un mediu termic (n
general un fluid) i care este folosit
pentru producerea apei calde sanitare i pentru nclzire.
NAPHENERGIA
Htovbbt kzeg (ltalban folyadk)
ltal abszorbelt napenergia tiszttsi
s ftsi clokra hasznlt meleg vz
biztostshoz.
SOLAR SHADING
System which controls the amount of heat and light
admitted to a building, permitting users to control heat
gains from the sun.
C
C,
, ,

.
130
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
S
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
STACK EFFECT
Natural tendency of the air to move from high to low
pressures (natural ventilation).
E
E
(
).
IZOLARE FONIC
mpiedicarea trecerii sunetului prin
ziduri, planee, plafoane i ferestre.
HANGSZIGETELS
A hang falon, padln, plafonon
s ablakon t val terjedsnek
megakadlyozsa.
EFECT DE TIRAJ
Tendin natural a aerului de a
se deplasa din zonele cu presiune
atmosferic mare ctre cele cu
presiune atmosferic redus (ventilaie natural).
KRTHATS
A leveg termszetes ramlsa a magas
nyoms helyrl az alacsony nyoms
helyre (termszetes szellzs).
SOUND INSULATION
Blocks sound from travelling through walls, floors,
ceilings and windows.

,
, , .
131
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
S
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
SURFACE WATER MANAGEMENT SYSTEM
System which aims to replicate natural systems, using
cost effective solutions with a low environmental impact
to drain away dirty and surface water run-off through
collection, storage, and cleaning before allowing it to be
released slowly back into the environment, such as into
a water course.
C

C,
,


,


,
.
CAS DIN BALOI DE PAIE
Metod de construcie care utilizeaz
baloi de paie ca elemente portante
sau ca elemente de umplutur ale unui
sistem structural independent.
SZALMABLA-SZERKEZET
Olyan ptsi md, amelynl
szalmablkat hasznlnak fel
tehervisel elemknt vagy egy
vzszerkezet kitltshez.
SISTEM DE GESTIONARE A APELOR
DE SUPRAFA
Sistem de scurgere a apelor murdare i
de suprafa provenite din precipitaii
prin colectare, stocare i epurare, nainte de a fi
reintroduse treptat n circuit, de exemplu ntr-un curs
de ap , al crui obiectiv este de a reproduce sistemele
naturale i care utilizeaz soluii rentabile i cu un
impact ecologic redus.
FELSZNIVZ-KEZELSI RENDSZER
Rendszer, melynek clja, hogy a
termszetes rendszereket mintzva
kltsghatkony, krnyezetkml
megoldsokat nyjtson a szenny- s a felszni vizek
elvezetsre, melynek sorn a vz csak sszegyjts,
trols s tisztts utn kerlhet vissza lassan a
krnyezetbe, pldul egy vzfolysba.
STRAWBALE CONSTRUCTION
Construction method using strawbales either as a
load bearing structure, or as infill to an independent
structural system.
C
M ,

.
132
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
S
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
SUSTAINABLE ARCHITECTURE
Application of sustainable development principles to
the design and the whole building/construction process
life cycle.



.
INDICATOR DE DURABILITATE
Indicator care acoper o serie larg
de teme legate de durabilitate,
cuprinznd prezervarea resurselor naturale, calitatea
aerului, nivelurile de poluare sonor, sntatea i
sigurana, competitivitatea economic i ocuparea forei
de munc.
FENNTARTHATSGI MUTAT
Szmos fenntarthatsgi tnyezt
magban foglal mutat. Ilyen tnyez
pldul a termszeti erforrsok megrzse, a leveg
minsge, a zajszint, az egszsg s a biztonsg, a
gazdasgi versenykpessg s a foglalkoztats.
ARHITECTUR DURABIL
Aplicarea principiului dezvoltrii
durabile n proiectare i n cadrul
ntregului ciclu de via a proceselor
legate de construcie.
FENNTARTHAT PTSZET
Fenntarthat fejlesztsi elvek
alkalmazsa a tervezsre s a teljes
ptsi/konstrukcis folyamatra.
SUSTAINABILITY INDICATOR
Indicator which covers a vast range of subjects related
to sustainability, including the preservation of natural
resources, air quality, noise levels, health and safety,
economic competitiveness and employment.

,
, ,
,
, ,
,
.
133
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
S
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
SUSTAINABLE BUILDINGS ASSESSMENT
Tool to assess the sustainability of building design
solutions.
O

.
MANAGEMENT DURABIL AL
CLDIRILOR
Proces care garanteaz c o cldire a
fost proiectat, construit i gestionat cu un impact
ecologic redus, mbuntind n acelai timp sntatea,
bunstarea i calitatea vieii persoanelor care triesc n
ea.
FENNTARTHAT PLETKEZELS
Folyamat, amely biztostja, hogy
az plet tervezse, ptse s
mkdtetse kevs krnyezeti terhelssel jr, egyttal
jtkony hatssal van az ott lakk egszsgre, jltre
s letminsgre.
EVALUAREA CLDIRILOR
DIN PUNCTUL DE VEDERE AL
PERFORMANELOR DE DEZVOLTARE
DURABIL
Instrument de evaluare a soluiilor de
proiectare durabil a unei cldiri.
PLETEK FENNTARTHATSGI
RTKELSE
Eszkz az plettervezsi megoldsok
fenntarthatsgnak rtkelsre.
SUSTAINABLE BUILDING MANAGEMENT
Process which ensures that a building is designed, built
and operated with low environmental impacts while
enhancing the health, welfare and quality of life for the
people that live inside.

, , ,

,
,

.
134
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
S
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
SUSTAINABLE CONSTRUCTION
Application of sustainable development principles to
the design and construction process, i.e.: use of fewer
virgin materials, less energy in construction, less energy
in use, less pollution and less waste; whole life approach
to design, construction and life use; and providing safe
places and work with acceptable
social conditions integrated into
sustainable communities.


,
: -
, -
, -
-
;
,
,
;

,
.
PROGRAMUL DE DEZVOLTARE
DURABIL A MEDIULUI URBAN
Program comun al ageniilor
Organizaiei Naiunilor Unite pentru mediu i HABITAT,
nfiinat la nceputul anilor 90 pentru dezvoltarea
capaciilor de planificare i gestionare ecologic a
mediului urban.
"FENNTARTHAT VROSOK"
PROGRAM
UN-HABITAT/UNEP program, amely az
1990-es vek elejn indult a vrosi krnyezettervezshez
s -kezelshez szksges kapacits kiptsre.
CONSTRUCIE DURABIL
Aplicarea principiilor de dezvoltare
durabil n proiectare i n procesul de
construcie, de exemplu: reducerea
utilizrii materiilor prime noi i a energiei n construcii,
reducerea consumului de energie, a polurii i a
deeurilor; abordare bazat pe ntreaga via util n
ceea ce privete proiectarea, construirea i exploatarea,
care ofer siguran locuinei i locului de munc, n
condiii sociale acceptabile, integrate n comuniti
durabile.
FENNTARTHAT PTS
Fenntarthat fejlesztsi elvek
alkalmazsa a tervezsi s ptsi
folyamatra, pldul kisebb nyersanyag-
felhasznls, kisebb energiafogyaszts az ptkezs
s a mkdtets sorn, kisebb mrtk szennyezs
s kevesebb hulladk; teljes letciklus-megkzelts
a tervezst, az ptst s a hasznlatot illeten;
biztonsgos terek s munka biztostsa megfelel
szocilis krlmnyek kztt, fenntarthat kzssgek
keretben.
SUSTAINABLE CITIES PROGRAMME
UN-HABITAT/UNEP programme established in the
early 1990s to build capacities in urban environmental
planning and management.

/,
90- ,

.
135
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
S
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
SUSTAINABLE ENERGY
Energy derived from renewable sources such as wind,
tidal and solar power.

E,
, , .
PLANUL DE ACIUNE PRIVIND
CONSUMUL I PRODUCIA
DURABILE I POLITICA INDUSTRIAL
DURABIL
Msur luat de Comisia European la 16 iulie
2008, cuprinznd propuneri care vor contribui la
mbuntirea performanelor ecologice ale produselor
i la sporirea cererii de bunuri i tehnologii de producie
mai durabile.
FENNTARTHAT FOGYASZTSRL,
TERMELSRL S IPARPOLITIKRL
SZL CSELEKVSI TERV
Az Eurpai Bizottsg cselekvsi terve (2008. jlius 16.).
A benne foglalt javaslatok elsegtik a termkek
krnyezeti teljestmnynek javtst, s nvelik a
keresletet a fenntarthatbb termkek s termelsi
technolgik irnt.
ENERGIE DURABIL
Energie provenit din surse
regenerabile, precum energia eolian
(vnt), din cureni marini (maree) sau
cea solar.
FENNTARTHAT ENERGIA
Megjul energiaforrsokbl, pldul
szlbl, raplybl s napsugrzsbl
nyert energia.
SUSTAINABLE CONSUMPTION AND PRODUCTION
AND SUSTAINABLE INDUSTRIAL POLICY ACTION
PLAN
European Commission action (16 July 2008) containing
proposals which will contribute to improving the
environmental performance of products
and increase the demand for more
sustainable goods and production
technologies.

( 16 2008 .),
,



-
.
136
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
S
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
SUSTAINABLE URBAN DRAINAGE SYSTEM
Drainage system which controls the quantity of run-off
from a development, improves the quality of the run-off
and enhances the nature conservation, landscape and
amenity value of a site and its surroundings.

O ,

,
,

.
ACHIZIII PUBLICE DURABILE
Proces de cheltuieli i investiii utilizat
n mod obinuit n cadrul politicilor
publice, pe baza cruia organismele contractante in
seama, atunci cnd achiziioneaz bunuri, servicii
sau lucrri necesare n toate fazele de realizare a unui
proiect, de cei trei piloni ai dezvoltrii durabile.
FENNTARTHAT KZBESZERZS
Jellemzen a rszvteli politikval
trstott kiadsi, ill. beruhzsi folyamat,
amelynek sorn a szerzd felek a javak, szolgltatsok
vagy munkk beszerzse sorn a projekt minden
szakaszban figyelembe veszik a fenntarthat fejlds
mindhrom pillrt.
REEA DURABIL DE CANALIZARE
URBAN
Sistem de evacuare a apelor care
controleaz cantitatea de ap de
iroire a unui complex urbanistic, mbuntete
calitatea acestei ape, sporind protecia naturii, valoarea
peisagistic i recreativ a unui sit i a mprejurimilor
acestuia.
FENNTARTHAT VROSI
VZELVEZET RENDSZER
Olyan vzelvezet rendszer, amely
ellenrzi egy adott kzmvestett
terletrl elfoly vz mennyisgt, javtja az elfoly vz
minsgt, illetve egy adott terleten s krnykn
segti a termszet megrzst s nveli a tj vonzerejt.
SUSTAINABLE PROCUREMENT
Spending and investment process, typically associated
with public policy, whereby contracting bodies take
into account all three pillars of sustainable development
when procuring goods, services or works at all stages of
the project.

,
,

,
,
.
137
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
S-T
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
TECHNICAL PERFORMANCE
Ability of a building or structure to fulfil required
functions under intended use conditions or behaviour
when in use.
T
K


.
RAVEN/FGA DE SCURGERE A APEI
DE PLOAIE
Adncitur liniar format n sol pentru a
primi apa de iroire i a o ndrepta ncet
ctre un punct de evacuare.
VZGYJT ROK
Lineris mlyeds a fldben, amely
felfogja, s lassan egy kilpsi ponthoz
vezeti a vizet.
PERFORMAN TEHNIC
Capacitatea unei cldiri sau a unei
structuri de a ndeplini funciile cerute,
n perioada de utilizare i n condiiile
de utilizare prevzute.
MSZAKI TELJESTMNY
Egy adott plet vagy szerkezet arra
val kpessge, hogy hasznlat kzben,
a tervezett alkalmazsi krlmnyek
kztt megfeleljen a mkdsi
kvetelmnyeknek.
SWALE
Linear depression formed in the ground to receive
runoff and slowly move water to a discharge point.
B
, ,

.
138
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Thermal inertia
T
T
T
S
y
n
o
n
y
m
s

RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
THERMAL COMFORT
Condition of mind which expresses satisfaction with the
thermal environment.
T
C ,
.
RUPERE (DE PUNTE) TERMIC
Fenomen generat de existena unui
element cu conductivitate termic
redus, spaiu sau vacuum plasat ntr-o structur
asamblat, pentru a reduce sau preveni fluxul de energie
termic ntre materiale conductoare.
HMEGSZAKTS
Alacsony hvezets elem - lgrs vagy
vkuum - a henergia elszksnek
megelzsre vagy cskkentsre hvezet anyagok
kztt.
CONFORT TERMIC
Condiie sau idee care exprim
satisfacia cu privire la mediul termic.
HKOMFORT
A hmrskleti krnyezettel val
elgedettsget kifejez rzs.
THERMAL BREAK
Element of low thermal conductivity, space or vacuum
placed in an assembly to reduce or prevent the flow of
thermal energy between conductive materials.
T
E ,
, ,

.
139
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
T
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
THERMAL MASS
Capacity of a material to store heat.
T
K .
IZOLARE TERMIC
Material, metod sau design utilizat
pentru a reduce rata transferului termic
dintr-un spaiu ntr-altul.
HSZIGETELS
Kt tr kztti hramls mrtknek
cskkentst szolgl anyag, szerkezet
vagy mdszer.
MAS TERMIC
Capacitatea unui material de a
nmagazina cdur.
HTMEG
Egy adott anyag htrol kpessge.
THERMAL INSULATION
Material, method or design used to reduce the rate of
heat transfer from one space to another.
T
M, ,

.
140
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
T
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
THERMAL STORAGE CAPACITY
Ability of the constituent materials in a building to store
heat, for a given rise in temperature, measured in units
of kWh/K for a whole building or in Wh/K.m
2
to indicate
the buildings thermal capacity per unit floor area.
T
K

, kWh/K
Wh/K.m
2


.
REZISTEN TERMIC
Msura n care un material are
capacitatea de a restriciona un flux de
cldur care l traverseaz pe o direcie
dat.
HELLENLLS
Egy adott vastagsg anyag hramlst
akadlyoz kpessgnek mrtke.
CAPACITATE DE STOCARE TERMIC
Capacitatea materialelor constitutive
ale unei cldiri de a nmagazina
cldura, n condiiile unei anumite
creteri a temperaturii, msurat n uniti de kWh/K
pentru ntreaga cldire sau n Wh/K.m
2
pentru a arta
capacitatea termic a cldirii pe unitate de suprafa a
solului.
HTROL KPESSG
Az pletet alkot anyagok kpessge
a h trolsra adott hmrsklet-
emelkeds esetn. Mrtkegysge
kWh/K az egsz pletre nzve, illetve Wh/m
2
K, ha az
plet emeletenknti termlis kapacitst jelljk.
THERMAL RESISTANCE
Measure of a components ability to restrict the passage
of heat across its thickness.
T
M
.
141
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
T
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
TRIPLE BOTTOM LINE
Calculation of financial, environmental, and social
performance, often referred to as people planet profit.
T
,
,
, , .
CERTIFICAREA LEMNULUI
Proces care are ca rezultat o declaraie
scris (un certificat) ce atest originea
materiilor prime din lemn i situaia i/sau caracteristicile
acestora, adesea trecnd prin validarea unui ter
independent.
FAANYAG MINSTS
Folyamat, amelynek eredmnye egy
irsbeli nyilatkozat (tanstvny)
a fa nyersanyag eredetnek, sttusznak s/vagy
minstsnek igazolsra, gyakran egy fggetlen
harmadik fl jvhagysa utn.
LINIA TRIPL DE BAZ (TBL)
Calculul randamentului economic,
ecologic i social, fcnd trimitere
adesea la persoane, planet i profit
(people, planet, profits).
HRMAS EREDMNYKIMUTATS
A pnzgyi, krnyezeti s trsadalmi
teljestmny kiszmtsa, npszer
nevn people, planet, profit (emberek,
bolyg, haszon).
TIMBER CERTIFICATION
Process resulting in a written statement (a certificate)
attesting to the origin of wood raw material and its
status and/or qualifications, often following validation
by an independent third party.
C
,
()

/ ,

.
142
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
U
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
URBAN HEAT ISLAND EFFECT
Tendency of an urban area to be hotter than its
surroundings.
E
T -
.
INVAZIE URBAN
Rezultatul expansiunii urbane prin
care urbanizarea planificat sau nu
invadeaz terenuri ce sunt adesea productive i care -
iniial - nu erau prevzute pentru urbanizare.
VROS AGRESSZV TERJESZKEDSE
AZ AGGLOMERCI FEL
A vrosi terjeszkeds eredmnye,
amelynek sorn a korbban nem fejlesztett (s gyakran
termkpes) terletet megzavarjk az ptett krnyezet
tervszer vagy tervszertlen fejlesztsvel.
EFECT DE INSUL TERMIC
URBAN
Tendina unei zone urbane de a avea
o temperatur mai ridicat dect
mprejurimile sale.
VROSI FELMELEGEDS
Az a tendencia, hogy a vrosi terletek
melegebbek, mint krnyezetk.
URBAN ENCROACHMENT
Result of urban sprawl whereby planned or unplanned
development of the built environment invades
previously undeveloped (and frequently productive)
land.
P
P ,

(
) .
143
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
U
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
URBAN VILLAGE
Urban form typically characterised by: medium density
development (to maximise space use); mixed use zoning
(housing mixed with shops, services and industry to
reduce travel); the provision of good public transport (to
reduce car dependency) and an emphasis on integrating
pedestrian and public spaces to create a
village feel in a city context (to enhance
quality of life).

, :

( ),

( , ,
,
);

(
);

,

(
).
EXTINDERE URBAN
Expansiune de densitate sczut a unui
ora ctre zonele sale limitrofe, stimulat
de dorina de a deine o proprietate privat
cu teren propriu.
VROSI TERJESZKEDS
Egy adott vros kis npsrsg
rszekkel val kibvtse a krnyez
vidki teleplsek fel, amit a sajt telken ll sajt hz
irnti vgy sztnz.
SAT URBAN
Form urban caracterizat printr-o
densitate medie de urbanizare (n vederea maximizrii
utilizrii spaiului), prin zone cu finaliti diverse (zone
cu locuine combinate cu zone comerciale, servicii i
industrie, n vederea reducerii deplasrilor), printr-o
ofert bun de transport public (pentru a reduce
dependena de automobil) i prin promovarea integrrii
spaiilor pietonale i publice, n vederea crerii senzaiei
de spaiu rural ntr-un context urban (finalitatea fiind
mbuntirea calitii vieii).
KISVROS A NAGYVROSBAN
Vrosforma, amelyet a kvetkezk
jellemeznek: kzepes pletsrsg (a trkihasznls
maximalizlsa rdekben), vegyes vezetek
(lakvezetek zletekkel, szolgltatsokkal s ipari
tevkenysggel keverve az utazid cskkentse
rdekben), hatkony tmegkzlekeds biztostsa
(az auttl val fggs cskkentsre) s az arra val
trekvs, hogy a gyalogos s kztri helyek integrlsa
rvn nagyvrosi keretek kztt falusi hangulat jjjn
ltre (az letminsg emelse rdekben).
URBAN SPRAWL
Low density extension of a city into the surrounding
countryside encouraged by the desire to own an
individual home on its own land.
C
P
,

.
144
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
W
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
WASTE MANAGEMENT
Collection, transport, recovery and disposal of waste, as
well as strategies that aim to reduce the likelihood of
waste being produced.

C, ,
, ,
.
DEEURI
Material considerat adesea inutilizabil,
resturi ale unui proces de fabricaie
(industrial, agricol sau oricare alt proces uman).
HULLADK
Gyrtsi, ipari, mezgazdasgi vagy
egyb emberi tevkenysgbl
htramaradt, gyakran hasznlhatatlannak
tlt anyag.
GESTIONAREA DEEURILOR
Ansamblul operaiunilor de colectare,
transport, reciclare i eliminare a
deeurilor, precum i strategiile
destinate reducerii probabilitii de a produce deeuri.
HULLADKGAZDLKODS
A hulladk sszegyjtse, elszlltsa,
hasznostsa s rtalmatlantsa, illetve
a hulladkkeletkezs valsznsgnek
cskkentst clz stratgik.
WASTE
Material, often considered unusable, left over from any
manufacturing, industrial, agricultural or other human
process.
O
M, ,
, ,
, .
145
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
W
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
WATER CONSERVATION
Reducing the usage of water and recycling of
waste water for different purposes like cleaning,
manufacturing, agriculture etc.
O
H
,
, .
AP REZIDUAL
Resturi de ap utilizat de o comunitate
sau de industrie care conin n mod
obinuit produse reziduale dizolvate sau n suspensie.
Ape uzate.
SZENNYVZ
Egy adott kzssg vagy ipari egysg
ltal elhasznlt vz, amely ltalban
feloldott s szuszpendlt anyagokat is
tartalmaz.
CONSERVAREA APEI
Reducerea utilizrii apei i reciclarea
apei reziduale n diferite scopuri, precum
curare, fabricare, agricultur etc.
VZVDELEM
A vzhasznlat cskkentse, illetve a
szennyvz klnfle (pldul tiszttsi,
gyrtsi, mezgazdasgi) clokra val
jrahasznostsa.
WASTEWATER
Spent used water of a community or industry which
usually contains dissolved and suspended matter.
O

,
.
146
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Z
RO
EN BG
HU
EN
RO HU
BG
ZONING
Grouping land use together in clearly defined zones
in order to segregate the uses from each other when
preparing development plans.




.
CLDIRE FR EMISII
Cldire proiectat astfel nct consumul
su net anual de energie i emisiile de
CO
2
s fie egale cu zero.
SZN-DIOXID-MENTES PLET
Olyan plet tervezse, amelynek ves
nett energiafogyasztsa nulla, s amely
nem bocst ki szn-dioxidot.
ZONARE
mprirea unei arii geografice n
sectoare definite exact n funcie
de destinaie, astfel nct utilizrile
acestora s fie separate una de alta n momentul
elaborrii planurilor de amenajare a teritoriului.
VEZETEKBE SOROLS
A fldhasznlat egyrtelmen
meghatrozott vezetekben val
csoportostsa annak rdekben, hogy
a fejlesztsi tervek elksztsekor elklnljenek a
fldhasznlat klnbz tpusai.
ZERO CARBON BUILDING
Designing of a building with an annual zero net energy
consumption and zero carbon emissions.
C


.
147
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
ENGLISH INDEX
Abiotic p.6
Acoustic performance p.6
Acquisition cost p.7
Adaptable building p.7
Adaptation to climate change p.8
Afforestation p.8
Agenda 21 p.9
Air changes per hour p.9
Air conditioning p.10
Air infiltration p.10
Air leakage p.11
Air source heat pump p.11
Airtightness p.12
Alternative fuel p.12
Alternative material p.13
Annual energy performance p.13
Autoclaved aerated concrete p.14
Balancing pond p.14
Biological wastewater treatment p.15
Biomass p.15
Blackwater system p.16
Brown roof p.16
Brownfield land p.17
Building density p.17
Building ecology p.18
Building envelope p.18
Building-related illness p.19
Capital cost p.19
Carbon calculator p.20
Carbon carrying capacity p.20
Carbon cycle p.21
Carbon footprint p.21
Carbon offsetting p.22
Carbon sequestration p.22
Carbon sink p.23
Cement Sustainability Initiative p.23
Certified emission reduction p.24
Certified environmental profiling p.24
City metabolism p.25
Closed loop recycling p.25
CO
2
reduction potential p.26
Cogeneration p.26
Composting toilet system p.27
Compressed earth block p.27
Construction material p.28
construction process p.28
Construction waste p.29
Construction work p.29
Contaminated land p.30
Corporate Social Responsibility p.30
Cost benefit analysis p.31
Cradle to cradle p.31
Daylight design p.32
Daylight transmittance p.32
Decarbonisation p.33
Decrement delay p.33
Deforestation p.34
Degradation indicator p.34
Delivered energy p.35
Demolition waste p.35
Design criteria p.36
Design life p.36
Design quality assessment p.37
Design quality assessment tool p.37
Disposal cost p.38
Distributed generation p.38
District energy system p.39
Diurnal heat flow p.39
Diurnal temperature variation p.40
Durability p.40
Earth construction p.41
Earth sheltering p.41
Ecodesign p.42
Eco-efficiency p.42
Ecofriendly p.43
Eco-house p.43
Ecolabel p.44
Ecolabelling body p.44
Ecological deficit p.45
Ecological footprint p.45
Ecological footprint of cities p.46
Ecosystem p.46
Embodied energy p.47
Embodied environmental impact p.47
End-of-life cost p.48
Energy demand p.48
Energy efficiency awareness p.49
Energy efficiency improvement p.49
Energy efficiency service p.50
Energy Perfomance of Buildings
Directive p.50
Energy performance certificate p.51
Energy performance of a building p.51
Energy recovery system p.52
Energy saving action p.52
Energy service p.53
Energy-efficient behaviour p.53
Energy-efficient product p.54
Engineered wood p.54
Environmental burden p.55
Environmental condition p.55
Environmental declaration p.56
Environmental impact p.56
Environmental impact assessment p.57
Environmental impact statement p.57
Environmental indicator p.58
Environmental label p.58
Environmental management and
audit scheme p.59
Environmental management system p.59
Environmental performance p.60
Environmental product declaration p.60
Environmental profiling p.61
Environmental quality of life p.61
Environmental restoration p.62
Environmental sustainability p.62
Environmental tax p.63
Environmental verification p.63
Estimated service life p.64
Evaporative cooling p.64
Evapotranspiration p.65
Factor 4 p.65
Factor 10 p.66
Flood control p.66
Fly ash p.67
Geographic information system p.67
Geothermal energy system p.68
Global Reporting Initiative p.68
Global warming p.69
Global warming potential p.69
Green belt p.70
Green roof p.70
Greenfield land p.71
Greenhouse effect p.71
Greenwash p.72
Greywater p.72
Ground cooling/heating system p.73
Ground granulated blastfurnace slag p.73
Ground source heat pump p.74
Groundwater p.74
Heat exchanger p.75
Heat recovery system p.75
Heavyweight construction p.76
Holistic approach p.76
Housing density p.77
Hybrid energy system p.77
Indoor air quality p.78
Insulating concrete formwork p.78
Intelligent building p.79
Intermediate product p.79
Kyoto Protocol p.80
Landfill p.80
Leachate p.81
Lead market p.81
Lean construction p.82
Least cost transportation planning p.82
148
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Life cycle p.83
Life cycle assessment p.83
Life cycle cost p.84
Life cycle cost analysis p.84
Life cycle costing p.85
Life cycle impact assessment p.85
Life cycle impact category indicator p.86
Life cycle inventory p.86
Life cycle inventory analysis p.87
Life cycle inventory analysis result p.87
Life span p.88
Light shelf p.88
Light to solar gain ratio p.89
Lightweight construction p.89
Locally sourced material p.90
Low-carbon buildings programme p.90
Low-carbon energy source p.91
Low-e glazing p.91
Low or zero carbon technology p.92
Maintenance p.92
Mass enhanced U-value p.93
Microcogeneration p.93
Microgeneration p.94
Microgeneration system p.94
Mixed use development p.95
Natural capital p.95
Natural cooling p.96
Natural resource p.96
Net metering p.97
Net present cost p.97
Net present value p.98
Net zero carbon building p.98
Net zero energy building p.99
Night-time ventilation system p.99
Non-renewable energy p.100
Non-renewable resource p.100
Offgassing p.101
Off-grid electricity p.101
Operational energy use p.102
Operational water use p.102
Overshoot day p.103
Passive building design p.103
Passive cooling system p.104
Passive house p.104
Passive solar design p.105
Passivhaus Standard p.105
Payback period p.106
Performance-based regulation p.106
Permeability p.107
Persistent organic pollutant p.107
Phase change material p.108
Photovoltaic cell p.108
Photovoltaic electricity p.109
Polluter pays principle p.109
Positive energy building p.110
Post consumer recycled content p.110
Post occupancy evaluation p.111
Potable water p.111
Pozzolan p.112
Pozzolana p.112
Primary raw material p.113
Product category rules p.113
Product category rules review p.114
Product environmental criteria p.114
Product specification p.115
Radon protection p.115
Rammed earth construction p.116
Real discount rate p.116
Recycled concrete aggregate p.117
Recycled raw material p.117
Recycling p.118
Refurbish p.118
Remediation p.119
Renewable energy p.119
Renewable energy certificate p.120
Renewable resource p.120
Residual service life p.121
Residual value p.121
Resource recovery p.122
Responsible materials sourcing p.122
Retention pond p.123
Robustness p.123
Runoff p.124
Seasonal energy efficiency ratio p.124
Self sufficiency p.125
Sequestration p.125
Service life p.126
Shading coefficient p.126
Sick building syndrome p.127
Small scale generation of electricity p.127
Smart city p.128
Solar panel collector p.128
Solar shading p.129
Solar thermal energy p.129
Sound insulation p.130
Stack effect p.130
Strawbale construction p.131
Surface water management system p.131
Sustainability indicator p.132
Sustainable architecture p.132
Sustainable building management p.133
Sustainable buildings assessment p.133
Sustainable cities programme p.134
Sustainable construction p.134
Sustainable consumption and
production and sustainable
industrial policy action plan p.135
Sustainable energy p.135
Sustainable procurement p.136
Sustainable urban drainage system p.136
Swale p.137
Technical performance p.137
Thermal break p.138
Thermal comfort p.138
Thermal insulation p.139
Thermal mass p.139
Thermal resistance p.140
Thermal storage capacity p.140
Timber certification p.141
Triple bottom line p.141
Urban encroachment p.142
Urban heat island effect p.142
Urban sprawl p.143
Urban village p.143
Waste p.144
Waste management p.144
Wastewater p.145
Water conservation p.145
Zero carbon building p.146
Zoning p.146
149
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM

. 6
.14
.6
.13
.12

.87

.84
.31

.15
.15
.27
.137
.41
.81
.20
.21
.23

.56
.11
.120
.119
.62
.67
/
.73
.74
.68
.68
.69
.25
.143
.82
.77
.33

.57

.103
.39

.40
.80

.50
21 .9
.35

.127
.40
.65
- .43
.63
.45
.45
.46
.56
.60
.42
.58
.63
.62
.60
.55
.18
.55
.114
.43
.44
.42
.46
,
.101
.48
.51
.53
.54
.53
.96
.142
.130
.83
.33
.8
.30
.115
.130
.70
.70
.120
.71
.146
.61
.78

.91
.86
.58

.23

.37
.128
.79
.81
.10

.20
.19
.16
.78

.61
.10
.26
U
.93
.126

.32
()
.14
CO
2
.22
.54
.27
.66
.30
.9
.36
.89
.67
.121
.90

.108
.79
.94
.93
.52
.97
.100
.100
.98
.97
.91
.99
.34
.145
.102
.102
.47
.122

.85
, .44

.121

.110
.122
.101
.145
.144
.35
.64

.57

.85
.83

.37

.133
.64
150
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
.128
.71
.104
.104
.105
.106
.111


.135
.17

.49
.124
.125
.92
.74
.34
.132

.86
.69

CO
2
.26
.113

.114
.123
.109
.95
.96

.8

.90
.134

.88
.36

. 32
.103
.107
.80
.112
.112
.113

.38

.84
.38
,
.48

.142
.116

.106
.123

.87
.118
.14

.117
.117
.118
.25
.72
.125
.119
.88
.19
.7
.146

.98

.99

.110
.95
.18

.124

.51
.141

.24

.24

.127

.75
.94

.16
.52

.59

.131
.111
.129
.129
.115
.126
.105
.143

.73
.28
.28
.29
.29
.41
.131

.59
.49


.89
.76
.17
.138
.139
.137

.92
.138
.140
.139
.140
.75
-
.116

.82
.141
.22
.144

.50
.107
.132

.136
.135
.136
.134
.133
.11
4 .65
10 .66

.72
.108
.109
.12
.77

.13
.7
.39
.21
.31
.76

.47
151
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
INDEX ROMN
Abiotic p.6
Abordare holistic p.76
Achiziii publice durabile p.136
Aciune de economisire a energiei p.52
Acoperi ecologic nesdit p.16
Acoperi verde, acoperi ecologic sdit p.70
Adaptare la schimbrile climatice p.8
Agenda 21 p.9
Agregate din beton reciclat p.117
Amprent de carbon p.21
Amprent ecologic a oraelor p.46
Amprent ecologic p.45
Analiz cost-beneficiu p.31
Analiz de cost pe ciclu de via p.84
Analiz de inventar a ciclului de
via p.87
Anvelopa cldirii p.18
Ap cenuie (ap uzat, relativ curat) p.72
Ap de iroire p.124
Ap potabil p.111
Ap rezidual p.145
Ap subteran p.74
Arhitectur durabil p.132
Autonomie p.125
Bazin de deversare p.14
Bazin de retenie p.123
Beton celular autoclavizat p.14
Biomas p.15
Caiet de sarcini al produsului p.115
Calculatorul amprentei de carbon p.20
Calitatea aerului din ncperi p.78
Calitatea vieii din punct de
vedere ecologic p.61
Capacitate de absorbie a dioxidului
de carbon p.20
Capacitate de stocare termic p.140
Capital natural/patrimoniu natural p.95
Crmid din pmnt presat p.27
Cas din baloi de paie p.131
Cas ecologic p.43
Cas pasiv p.104
Cas sub pmnt p.41
Celul fotovoltaic p.108
Centur verde p.70
Cenu zburtoare p.67
Cerere de energie p.48
Certificarea lemnului p.141
Certificat de performan energetic p.51
Certificat verde pentru productorii
de energie regenerabil p.120
Ciclu de via p.83
Ciclul dioxidului de carbon p.21
Cldire cu consum net de energie
egal cu zero p.99
Cldire cu zero emisii de dioxid
de carbon p.98
Cldire eficient energetic p.110
Cldire fr emisii p.146
Cldire inteligent p.79
Climatizare p.10
Coeficient de umbrire p.126
Cofraje termoizolante pentru beton p.78
Cogenerare p.26
Combustibil alternativ p.12
Compensare a emisiilor de dioxid
de carbon p.22
Comportament eficient din punct
de vedere energetic p.53
Confort termic p.138
Conservarea apei p.145
Construcie din chirpici p.116
Construcie durabil p.134
Construcie adaptabil p.7
Construcie din materiale grele p.76
Construcie din materiale uoare p.89
Construcie din pmnt p.41
Consum operaional de energie p.102
Consum operaional de ap p.102
Coninut reciclat post-utilizare p.110
Contorizarea net p.97
Controlul inundaiilor p.66
Cost de achiziie p.7
Cost de investiie p.19
Cost net actualizat p.97
Cost pe durata de via p.85
Costul ciclului de via p.84
Costuri de eliminare p.38
Costurile la ncheierea ciclului de via p.48
Cradle to cradle, circuitului materialelor
n natur p.31
Criterii de mediu pentru produse p.114
Criterii de proiectare p.36
(coeficient de) Defazare termic p.33
Decarbonizare p.33
Declaraie de mediu pentru produs p.60
Declaraie de mediu p.56
Decontaminare p.119
Deeuri de construcii p.29
Deeuri p.144
Deficit ecologic p.45
Degazificare p.101
Densitatea de cldiri p.17
Densitatea locuinelor p.77
Deeuri din demolri p.35
Designul cldirii pasive p.103
Despdurire p.34
Directiva privind performanele
energetice ale cldirilor p.50
Durabilitate p.40
Durabilitatea mediului p.62
Durata de exploatare estimat p.64
Durat de exploatare p.126
Durat de exploatare rezidual p.121
Durata de via proiectat p.36
Durat de via p.88
Ecoeficien p.42
Ecologia costruciilor p.18
Ecologizarea imaginii (greenwashing,
fals campanie de marketing ecologic) p.72
Ecosistem p.46
Efect de insul termic urban p.142
Efect de ser p.71
Efect de tiraj p.130
Element orizontal de direcionare a
luminii naturale p.88
Energie (solar) fotovoltaic p.109
Energie durabil p.135
Energie furnizat p.35
Energie ncorporat p.47
Energie regenerabil p.119
Energie termic solar p.129
Epurarea biologic a apelor uzate p.15
Etaneitate la aer p.12
Etichet de mediu p.58
Etichet ecologic p.44
Evaluare n exploatare p.111
Evaluarea calitii proiectelor p.37
Evaluarea ciclului de via p.83
Evaluarea cldirilor din punctul de
vedere al performanelor de dezvoltare
durabil p.133
Evaluarea impactului asupra mediului p.57
Evaluarea impactului ciclului de via p.85
Evapotranspiraie p.65
Extindere urban p.143
Factorul 10 p.66
Factorul patru p.65
Flux de cldur diurn p.39
Geam termoizolant de joas emisivitate/
sticl energetic p.91
Generare distribuit p.38
Generarea la scar mic a electricitii p.127
Gestionarea deeurilor p.144
Groap de gunoi/depozit de deeuri p.80
mbuntirea eficienei energetice p.49
Impact asupra mediului p.56
Impact de mediu ncorporat p.47
mpdurire p.8
nclzire global p.69
Indicator de degradare p.34
152
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Indicator de durabilitate p.132
Indicator de evaluare a impactului
ciclului de via p.86
Indicator de mediu p.58
Infiltraie de aer p.10
Iniiativa de Raportare Global p.68
Iniiativa pentru Dezvoltare Durabila in
Industria Cimentului p.23
Instrument de evaluare a calitii
proiectului p.37
nelegerea conceptului de eficien
energetic p.49
ntreinere p.92
Invazie urban p.142
Inventarul ciclului de via p.86
Izolare fonic p.130
Izolare termic p.139
Lemn reconstituit p.54
Levigat p.81
Linia tripl de baz p.141
Lucrri de construcie p.29
Management durabil al cldirilor p.133
Mas termic p.139
Material alternativ p.13
Material cu schimbare de faz p.108
Material de construcie p.28
Material de provenien local p.90
Materie prim principal p.113
Materie prim reciclat p.117
Metabolism urban p.25
Microcogenerare p.93
Microgenerare p.94
Norm pe categorii de produse p.113
Numr de schimburi de aer pe or p.9
Oras inteligent p.128
Organism de etichetare ecologic p.44
Panou solar colector p.128
Performa energetic anual p.13
Performan acustic p.6
Performan de mediu p.60
Performana energetic a unei cldiri p.51
Performan tehnic p.137
Perioad de recuperare a investiiei p.106
Permeabilitate p.107
Pia-lider p.81
Pierdere de aer p.11
Planificare eficient a costurilor n
transporturi p.82
Planul de aciune privind consumul i
producia durabile i politica industrial
durabil p.135
Plat bazat pe performan p.106
Poluant organic persistent p.107
Pomp de cldur aer-aer p.11
Pomp de cldur cu sursa sol p.74
Potenial de nclzire global p.69
Potenial de reducere a emisiilor de CO
2
p.26
Principiul "poluatorul pltete" p.109
Proces de construcie p.28
Producie supl n domeniul
construciilor p.82
Produs eficient din punct de vedere
energetic p.54
Produs intermediar p.79
Profil de mediu certificat p.24
Program de aprovizionare
responsabil p.122
Programul de dezvoltare durabil a
mediului urban p.134
Programul de promovare a cldirilor
fr emisii de CO
2
p.90
Proiectare cu sisteme de iluminat
natural p.32
Proiectare ecologic p.42
Proiectare solar pasiv p.105
Protecie mpotriva radonului p.115
Protecie solar p.129
Protocolul de la Kyoto p.80
Punct termic p.39
Puzzolan p.112
Puzzolane p.112
Rcire prin evaporare p.64
Raport privind impactul asupra
mediului p.57
Raportul dintre transmitana luminii
i aportul de cldur p.89
Rata de actualizare real p.116
Rata de eficien energetic sezonier p.124
Raven/fga de scurgere a apei de
ploaie p.137
Reabilitare p.118
Reciclare p.118
Reciclare n circuit nchis p.25
Recuperarea resurselor p.122
Reducere de emisii certificat p.24
Refacerea mediului p.62
Respectuos cu mediul p.43
Responsabilitatea social a ntreprinderii p.30
Resurs natural p.96
Resurs neregenerabil p.100
Resurs regenerabil (de energie) p.120
Reea durabil de canalizare urban p.136
Revizuirea reglementrilor privind
tipurile de produse p.114
Rezervor absorbant de dioxid de carbon p.23
Rezisten termic p.140
Rezultatul analizei de inventar a
ciclului de via p.87
Robustee p.123
Rupere (de punte) termic p.138
Sarcin de mediu p.55
Sat urban p.143
Schimbtor de cldur cu pmntul p.73
Schimbtor de cldur p.75
Sechestrarea carbonului p.22
Sechestrare p.125
Serviciu de eficien energetic p.50
Serviciu energetic p.53
Sindromul cldirii insalubre p.19
Sindromul cldirii insalubre p.127
Sistem comunitar de management
de mediu i audit p.59
Sistem de epurare a apei negre
(ap menajer uzat, cu dejecii) p.16
Sistem de gestionare a apelor de
suprafa p.131
Sistem de informaii geografice p.67
Sistem de management de mediu p.59
Sistem de microgenerare p.94
Sistem de rcire pasiv p.104
Sistem de recuperare a cldurii p.75
Sistem de recuperare a energiei p.52
Sistem de ventilare nocturn p.99
Sistem electric neconectat la reea p.101
Sistem energetic hibrid p.77
Sisteme de energie geotermal p.68
Stabilirea profilului ecologic p.61
Standardul Passivhaus p.105
Starea mediului p.55
Surs de energie cu emisii de
CO
2
reduse p.91
Surs neregenerabil de energie p.100
Tax de mediu p.63
Tehnologie cu emisii sczute de carbon
sau fr emisii p.92
Teren contaminat p.30
Teren industrial abandonat p.17
Teren virgin p.71
Toalet cu compostare p.27
Transmitana luminii naturale p.32
Utilizri mixte p.95
Valoare actualizat net p.98
Valoare rezidual p.121
Valoare U echivalent a materialelor
cu mas termic mare p.93
Variaie a temperaturii diurne p.40
Ventilaie natural p.96
Verificare de mediu p.63
Zgur de furnal granulat p.73
Ziua epuizrii resurselor p.103
Zonare p.146
153
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
MAGYAR TRGYMUTAT
4-es tnyez 65. o.
10-es tnyez 66. o.
Abiotikus 6. o.
Agenda 21 9. o.
Akusztikai teljestmny 6. o.
Alacsony emisszivits (Low-E) veg 91. o.
Alacsony szn-dioxid-kibocsts pletek
ptst tmogat program 90. o.
Alacsony sznkibocsts energiaforrs 91. o.
Alacsony vagy zr szn-dioxid-kibocsts
technolgia 92. o.
Alkalmazkods az ghajlatvltozshoz 8. o.
lleszkz-beruhzsi kltsgek 19. o.
Alternatv ptanyag 13. o.
Alternatv tzelanyag 12. o.
rnykolsi egytthat 126. o.
rnykols 129. o.
rvzvdelem 66. o.
talakthat plet 7. o.
teresztkpessg 107. o.
Autoklv szellztetett (AAC)
beton/hkezelt prusbeton 14. o.
Barnamezs terlet 17. o.
Barnatet 16. o.
Becslt hasznos lettartam 64. o.
Beptsi srsg 77. o.
Beptettsg 17. o.
Berkez energia 35. o.
Beltri levegminsg 78. o.
Benapozs tervezse 32. o.
Beszerzsi kltsg 7. o.
Beteg plet szindrma 127. o.
Biolgiai szennyvzkezels 15. o.
Biomassza 15. o.
Blcstl blcsig (C2C) 31. o.
Bontsi hulladk 35. o.
Cementgyrts fenntarthatsgt
clz kezdemnyezs 23. o.
Csurgalkvz 81. o.
Degradcis mutat 34. o.
Dnglt fld szerkezet 116. o.
jszakai szellztetrendszer 99. o.
letciklus 83. o.
letciklus vgn jelentkez kltsgek 48. o.
letciklus-rtkels 83. o.
letciklus-hatsvizsglat 85. o.
letcikluskltsg-elemzs 84. o.
letcikluskltsg 84. o.
letciklus-leltrelemzs 87. o.
letciklusleltr 86. o.
letciklus-leltrelemzs eredmnye 87. o.
letciklusra vettett kltsgszmts 85. o.
letciklust tfog, hatskategrira
vonatkoz indiktor 86. o.
lettartam 126. o.
lettartam 88. o.
Elfolys 124. o.
Elklnts 125. o.
Ellen llkpessg 123. o.
Elosztott villamosenergia-termels 38. o.
Elsdleges nyersanyag 113. o.
Energiahasznostsi rendszer 52. o.
Energiahatkony magatarts 53. o.
Energiahatkony termk 54. o.
Energiahatkonysgi szolgltats 50. o.
Energiahatkonysgi tanstny 51. o.
Energiahatkonysg javtsa 49. o.
Energiahatkonysg krdsnek
tudatostsa 49. o.
Energiaigny 48. o.
Energiamegtakartsi intzkeds 52. o.
Energiaszolgltats 53. o.
ptsi folyamat 28. o.
ptsi hulladk 29. o.
ptsi munka 29. o.
ptanyag 28. o.
pletek energiahatkonysgrl
szl irnyelv 50. o.
pletek energiateljestmnye 51. o.
pletek fenntarthatsgi rtkelse 133. o.
plet okozta betegsg 19. o.
plet vrhat lettartama 36. o.
Erdirts 34. o.
Erdtelepts 8. o.
Erforrsok visszanyerse 122. o.
Evapotranspirci 65. o.
ves energiateljestmny (EU-s) 13. o.
Faanyag minsts 141. o.
Fzisvlt anyag 108. o.
Feketevz-kezelsi rendszer 16. o.
Feldolgozott fa 54. o.
Felels anyagfelhasznls 122. o.
Flksz termk 79. o.
Felsznivz-kezelsi rendszer 131. o.
Feljts 118. o.
Fennmarad lettartam 121. o.
Fenntarthat energia 135. o.
Fenntarthat pts 134. o.
Fenntarthat ptszet 132. o.
Fenntarthat pletkezels 133. o.
Fenntarthat fogyasztsrl, termelsrl
s iparpolitikrl szl cselekvsi terv 135. o.
Fenntarthat kzbeszerzs 136. o.
Fenntarthat vrosi vzelvezet
rendszer 136. o.
Fenntarthat vrosok program 134. o.
Fenntarthatsgi mutat 132. o.
Fnytereszts (i rtk) 32. o.
Fnyteresztkpessg s a
hnyeresg arnya 89. o.
Fnyelektromossg 109. o.
Fnyelem 108. o.
Fnypolc 88 . o.
Fogyaszti hasznlat utn
jrahasznostott anyagok 110. o.
Fldbe sllyesztett plet 41. o.
Fldptkezs 41. o.
Fldrajzi informcis rendszer 67. o.
Fts, szellzs, lgkondicionls 10. o.
Gazdasgos pts 82. o.
Gzkibocsts 101. o.
Geotermikus energiarendszer 68. o.
Globlis felmelegedsi potencil 69. o.
Globlis felmelegeds 69. o.
Globlis jelentstteli kezdemnyezs 68. o.
Hlzaton kvli elektromos ram 101. o.
Hangszigetels 130. o.
Hrmas eredmnykimutats 141. o.
Hasznlatba vtel utni ellenrzs 111. o.
Helyi forrsbl szrmaz anyag 90. o.
Helyrellts 119. o.
Hibrid energiarendszer 77. o.
Hcserl 75. o.
Hellenlls 140. o.
Hkomfort 138. o.
Holisztikus megkzelts 76. o.
Hmegszakts 138. o.
Hszigetels 139. o.
Htrol kpessg 140. o.
Hterhels ksleltets 33. o.
Htmeg 139. o.
Hvisszanyer rendszer 75. o.
Hulladkgazdlkods 144. o.
Hulladkkezelsi kltsg 38. o.
Hulladklerak 80. o.
Hulladk 144. o.
Igazolt kibocstscskkents 24. o.
Igazolt krnyezeti profil 24. o.
Intelligens plet 79. o.
Intelligens vros 128. o.
Ivvz 111. o.
Kapcsolt energiatermels 26. o.
Kapcsolt mikro-energiatermels 93. o.
Karbantarts 92. o.
Kiegyenlt medence 14. o.
Kioti Jegyzknyv 80. o.
Kiszemi ramtermels 127. o.
Kisvros a nagyvrosban 143. o.
Kltsgek nett jelenrtke 97. o.
Kltsg-haszon elemzs 31. o.
Komposzt toalett 27. o.
154
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
Knnyszerkezetes pts 89. o.
Krnyezetbart 43. o.
Krnyezetben tartsan megmarad
szerves szennyez anyagok 107. o.
Krnyezeti letminsg 61. o.
Krnyezeti fenntarthatsg 62. o.
Krnyezeti hats rtkelse 57. o.
Krnyezeti hatsnyilatkozat 57. o.
Krnyezeti hats 56. o.
Krnyezeti helyrellts 62. o.
Krnyezeti indiktor 58. o.
Krnyezeti teljestmny 60. o.
Krnyezeti terhels 55. o.
Krnyezetiprofil-meghatrozs 61. o.
Krnyezetkzpont irnytsi
rendszer 59. o.
Krnyezetvdelmi ad 63. o.
Krnyezetvdelmi cmke 58. o.
Krnyezetvdelmi hitelests 63. o.
Krnyezetvdelmi nyilatkozat 56. o.
Krnyezetvdelmi termknyilatkozat 60. o.
Krnyezetvdelmi vezetsi s hitelestsi
rendszer 59. o.
Kzponti energiaellts 39. o.
Kls pletburok 18. o.
Krthats 130. o.
Lghszivatty 11. o.
Legkisebb kltsgek alapjn trtn
kzlekedsi tervezs 82. o.
Lgmentessg 12. o.
Lgszivrgs 11. o.
Leveg beszivrgs 10. o.
Maradvnyrtk 121. o.
Megtrlsi id 106. o.
Megjul energia 119. o.
Megjul erforrs 120. o.
Megjulenergia-tanstvny 120. o.
Mestersges vzgyjt t 123. o.
Mikro-energiatermelsi rendszer 94. o.
Mikro-energiatermels 94. o.
Minsgrtkelsi eszkzk 37. o.
Mkds alatti energiafelhasznls 102. o.
Mkds alatti vzfelhasznls 102. o.
Mszaki teljestmny 137. o.
Nett zr karbon plet 98. o.
Naphenergia 129. o.
Napi hramls 39. o.
Napi hingadozs 40. o.
Napkollektor panel 128. o.
Nehzszerkezetes pts 76. o.
Nem megjul energia 100. o.
Nem megjul erforrs 100. o.
Nett fogyasztsmrs 97. o.
Nett jelenrtk 98. o.
Nulla nett energiafelhasznls plet 99. o.
kocmke odatlsrt felels szerv 44. o.
kocmke 44. o.
ko-hatkonysg 42. o.
kohz 43. o.
kolgiai llapot 55. o.
kolgiai deficit 45. o.
kolgiai ptszet/pletkolgia 18. o.
kolgiai lbnyom 45. o.
koszisztma 46. o.
kotervezs 42. o.
nellts 125. o.
rnknti lgcsere 9. o.
rlt, granullt kohsalak 73. o.
sszevont energiafelhasznls 47. o.
sszevont krnyezeti hats 47. o.
vezetekbe sorols 146. o.
Prologtat hts 64. o.
Passzv plettervezs 103. o.
Passzv htsi rendszer 104. o.
Passzv szolris plettervezs 105. o.
Passzvhz szabvny 105. o.
Passzvhz 104. o.
Pozitv energiamrleg hz 110. o.
Puzzoln cement 112. o.
Puzzoln 112. o.
Radonvdelem 115. o.
Szllpernye 67. o.
Szalmabla-szerkezet 131. o.
Szn-dioxid kalkultor 20. o.
Szn-dioxid-cskkentsi potencil 26. o.
Szn-dioxid-levlaszts s -trols 22. o.
Szn-dioxid-megktsi kpessg 20. o.
Szn-dioxid-mentes plet 146. o.
Szn-dioxid-mentests 33. o.
Szn-dioxid-nyel 23. o.
Szn-ellenttelezs 22. o.
Sznkrforgs 21. o.
Sznlbnyom 21. o.
Szennyezett (fld)terlet 30. o.
Szennyez fizet elv 109. o.
Szennyvz 145. o.
Szezonlis htsi hatkonysg 124. o.
Szigetel betonzsaluzat 78. o.
Szrkevz 72. o.
Talajhszivatty 74. o.
Talajhtsi/-ftsi rendszer 73. o.
Talajvz 74. o.
Tartssg 40. o.
Teleplsi metabolizmus 25. o.
Teljestmnyalap szablyozs 106. o.
Termkkategria-szablyok 113. o.
Termkkategria-szablyok
ellenrzse 114. o.
Termklers 115. o.
Termkre vonatkoz krnyezetvdelmi
kritriumok 114. o.
Termszetes hts 96. o.
Termszeti erforrs 96. o.
Termszeti tke 95. o.
Tervezsi kvetelmnyek 36. o.
Tervezsi minsgrtkels 37. o.
Tmeg ltal megnvelt htbocstsi
tnyez 93. o.
Tlfogyaszts napja 103. o.
jrahasznosts 118. o.
jrahasznostott beton-adalkanyag 117. o.
jrahasznostott nyersanyag 117. o.
veghzhats 71. o.
Vllalatok trsadalmi felelssgvllalsa 30. o.
Vals diszkontrta 116. o.
Vlyogtgla v. tmrtett fldtgla 27. o.
Vros agresszv terjeszkedse az
agglomerci fel 142. o.
Vrosi felmelegeds 142. o.
Vrosi terjeszkeds 143. o.
Vrosok kolgiai lbnyoma 46. o.
Vegyes felhasznls fejleszts 95. o.
Vezet piac 81. o.
Vzgyjt rok 137. o.
Vzvdelem 145. o.
Zld v 70. o.
Zldrefests 72. o.
Zrt rendszer jrahasznosts 25. o.
Zldmez 71. o.
Zldtet 70. o.
155
GLOSSARY - - GLOSAR - GLOSSZRIUM
References and sources
All references and sources can be found on the original
Common Language for Sustainable Construction wiki:
http://www.sccommonlanguage.eu/index.php?title=Main_Page
Translations
The translations into all official EU languages will be available
on the website of the European Economic and Social
Committee (http://www.eesc.europa.eu/) by September 2011
Project development
Original English version: Architects Council of
Europe and the European Concrete Platform
Translation: Joint Translation Service of the European
Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of
the Regions
Publication layout: CEMBUREAU, member of the European
Concrete Platform
Publication printing: Joint Printshop of the European
Economic and Social Committee and the Committee of
the Regions
Contacts:
Architects Council of Europe:
Adrian Joyce info@ace-cae.eu
European Concrete Platform:
Jessica Johnson aj.johnson@cembureau.eu
European Economic and Social Committee:
Martin Schneider ten@eesc.europa.eu
Special thanks to
The translators of the European Economic and Social
Committee and the Committee of the Regions
Photo credits
Front cover:
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Matthieu Spohn/PhotoAlto Agency RF Collections/Getty Images
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PhotoAlto/Odilon Dimier/PhotoAlto Agency RF Collections/
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