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B.A. English Honours


2003
Objective Questinos
Paper I
(First 25 questions are of 1 mark each and the next 8 questions are of 2 marks each)
1. Name one of the four poems which contain the signature of Cynewulf in runic characters?
One of the four poems which contain the signature of Cynewulf in runic characters is Elene/
Christ/ Juliana/ The Fates of the Apostles.
2. What is the title in Latin of Bedes work Ecclesiastical History of English Race?
The Latin title of Bedes book Ecclesiastical History of English Race is Historia Eccelesiastical
Gentis Anglorum.
3. Name a middle English romance based on the Matter of Rome.
The Destruction of Troy is a Middle English Romance based on The Matter of Rome.
4. Who wrote the Confession Amantis?
John Gower wrote Confession Amantis.
5. Name a play by the University Wit, George Peele.
One of the plays of George Peele is The Old Wives Tale.
6. Name a poet of the sonnet sequence Delia.
The poet of the sonnet sequence Delia is Samuel Daniel.
7. Who were the editors of the first edition of Shakespeares plays, known as the First Folio?
The editors of the first edition of Shakespeares plays, known as the First Folio are Heminge
and Condell.
8. Name a masque by Ben Jonson.
The Masque of Beauty is a masque written by Ben Jonson.
9. Who is the author of the play A woman killed with Kindness?
Thomas Heywood is the author of the play A Woman killed with Kindness.
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10. Francis Bacon wrote a kind of jest book. Name the work.
Name of the Francis Bacons jest book is Essays.
11. In which year was King James Bible, or the Authorized Version published?
In 1611, the Authorized Version of the Bible was published.
12. In how many Books is John Miltons Paradise Lost divided?
John Miltons Paradise Lost was divided in ten books at first, the it was revised and divided in
twelve books.
13. Name the author of Absalom and Achitophel?
John Dryden is the author of Absalom and Achitophel.
14. In what literary form is Popes An Essay on Criticism written?
Popes An Essay on Criticism is written in verse form, using heroic couplet.
15. Name a picaresque novel and its author.
Tom Jones by Henry Fielding is a picaresque novel.
16. Name a prose work by Samuel Taylor Coleridge.
The most famous prose work by Samuel Taylor Coleridge is Biographia Literaria.
17. What was the pen-name of Mary Ann Evans.
The pen-name of Mary Ann Evans is George Eliot.
18. Name an unpleasant play by G. B. Shaw contained in his Plays: Pleasant and Unpleasant.
Widowers Houses is an unpleasant play by G. B. Shaw, contained in his Plays: Pleasant and
Unpleasant.
19. Who wrote the poem The Waste Land? In which year was it first published?
T.S. Eliot in 1922 published his poem The Waste Land.
20. What prompted Sir Philip Sidney to write Apologie for Poetry?
Gossons School for Abuse attacked abusively the poetry and the poets. As a reaction Sidney
wrote Apologie for Poetry.

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21. Name two Roman Plays of Shakespeare?
Julius Caesar and Antony and Cleopaetra are the two Roman Plays of Shakespeare.
22. Name a play by P. B. Shelley.
The Cenci is a play by P. B. Shelley.
23. Who wrote Maud?
Tennyson wrote Maud.
24. Name a novel by Emily Bronte.
Emily Bronte wrote Wuthering Heights.
25. Why are 1649 A. D. and 1660 A. D. important?
Charles I was beheaded in 1649 A. D. and Charles II was restored in 1660 A. D.
26. Name a work each by Samuel Butler(1612-80) and Samuel Butler (1835-1902).
Samuel Butler (1612-80) wrote Hudibras and Samuel Butler (1835-1902) wrote The Way of All
Flesh.
27. Whose death are mourned respectively by P. B. Shelley in his Adonais and Matthew Arnold in his
Thyrsis?
Shelley mourns the death of his fellow poet John Keats in his Adonais and Matthew Arnold in his
Thyrsis mourns Arthur Hugh Clugh.
28. Who created the character Sherlock Holmes? Name a work by this creator.
Arthur Connan Doyle created the character Sherlock Holmes. Hounds of Baskerville is one of his
works.
29. Name two plays by William Butler Yeats.
Two plays by William Butler Yeats are Land of Hearts Desire and The Shadowy Waters.
30. When did the Oxford movement take place?
Oxford movement took place in early nineteenth century. Two leaders of this movement are
Cardinal Newman and Keble.
31. Name two female characters featured in The Canterbury Tales.
Eelelye is a female character in The Knights Tale and Grislda in The Clerks Tale.
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32. Who is the author of Imaginary Conversation? When was it published?
Walter Savage Landor is the author of Imaginary Conversation.
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B.A. English Honours
2004
Objective Questinos
Paper I
(First 25 questions are of 1 mark each and the next 8 questions are of 2 marks each)
1. When was England converted to Christianity?
At 597 A. D. when St. Austines mission arrived in Kent, then England became
rechristianised.
2. Name the king who ruled over England when Chaucer was born?
When Chaucer was born then the king of England was Edward III.
3. Which major work of Bunyan is not allegorical?
Bunyans Grace Abounding is not allegorical.
4. Who is the greatest of the English satirists?
According to me the greatest satirist of England is Jonathan Swift.
5. Who is the last of the Stuart monarchs?
Queen Anne is the last Stuart monarch.
6. Who is the first undisputed female sovereign of England?
Queen Mary is the first undisputed female sovereign of England.
7. What is the source of Miltons Samson Agonistes?
The source of Miltons Samson Agonistes is the Old Testament.
8. Name the companion poem of Miltons Il Penseroso.
The companion poem of Miltons Il Penseroso is LAllegro.
9. What is the Latin version of the Bible?
The Latin version of the Bible is Vulgate.

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10. Name the French comedy by Wilde?
Salom is the French comedy by Wilde.
11. Give the names of two writers whose names are uttered together.
Beaumaunt and Fletchers names are uttered together.
12. Who is the first poet Laureate of England?
Ben Jonson is the first poet Laureate of England.
13. Who is the greatest of the Bronte sisters?
Emile Bronte is the greatest of the Bronte sisters.
14. In which poem was the heroic couplet used for the first time?
Chaucer in his Canterburry Tales first used the heroic couplet completely.
15. Name the only play by Wordsworth.
The only play by Wordsworth is The Borderers (1796-7/1842).
16. Tell the number of poems in Lyrical Ballads.
In Lyrical Ballads Wordsworth contributed 19 poems and Coleridge contributed 4 poems.
17. Which poem of Keats is a version of a tale from Boccaccio?
Keatss Eve of St. Agnes is a version of a tale from Boccaccio.
18. What provoked Shelley to write The Defence of Poetry?
It began as a light-hearted reply to his friend Peacocks magazine article, The Four Ages
of Poetry, which humorously argued that the best minds of the future must turn to economics
and social sciences.
19. Name two Scottish Chaucerians.
Two Scottish Chaucerians are Dunbar and Gawain.
20. How many poets were included in The Lives of the Poets?
Fifty-two poets were included in The Lives of the Poets.
21. Name two essays by Lamb barring those prescribed for you.
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Two essays by Lamb that are not prescribed in our syllabus are The Superannuated Man
and Old China.

22. Name the autobiographical novel of Dickens.
David Copperfield is the autobiographical novel of Dickens.
23. Who composed Annus Mirabilis? What is its literary form?
John Dryden composed Annus Mirabilis. It is a poem in quatrains.
24. Who composed Eastward Hoe!?
George Chapman composed Eastward Hoe!
25. Give the name of two authors who wrote on the theme of Troilus and Cressida.
Chaucer and Shakespeare wrote on the theme of the Troilus and Cressida.
26. In which poem did Chaucer abuse woman and in which poem as a penance did he eulogize
women?
In Troilus and Cressida Chaucer abused women and in The Legend of Good Women he
eulogized the women.
27. Name two famous biographers and their biographies.
Two famous biographers are Boswell who wrote The Life of Samuel Johnson and Sir
Walter Scott who wrote Life of Napoleon.
28. Which name is associated with J. S. Mill as regarding the ethical theory upon the utilitarian
principle?
Machiavelli is associated with J. S. Mill
29. How many parts are there in Eliots The Waste Land?
There are five parts in Eliots The Waste Land.
30. Name two important elegies and their authors?
In Memoriam by Tennyson and Lycidas by Milton are the two important elegies.
31. What is a Gothic novel? Name two of them.
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Gothic novel is a type of fiction very popular from the 1760s onwards until the 1820s. It
has terror and cruelty as its main themes. Horace Walpoles Castle of Otranto and Clara Reeves
The Old English Baron are the two examples of Gothic novel.

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B.A. English Honours
2005
Objective Questinos
Paper I
(First 25 questions are of 1 mark each and the next 8 questions are of 2 marks each)
1. After whose name is the term Rhyme royal called?
Rhyme royal is called after the name of Scottish king James who himself used this
rhyme scheme in his poems.
2. What group of plays are known as dark comedy?
Dark comedy is a group of play written in and after Elizabethan time which are
technically speaking comedy, but has all the ingredients of a tragedy. The atmosphere of
them is very somber. Shakespeares Measurre for Measure, Troilus and Cressida are
examples of dark comedy.
3. Whose name is closely associated in literature with that of Wyatt?
Earl of Surreys name is closely associated with that of Wyatt. Both of them initiated the
vogue of sonnet form in England. The sonnets of both of them were posthumously
published in Tottels Miscellany.
4. How many books are there in Faerie Queene?
There are six books in Faerie Queene.
5. What does Areopagetica plead for?
Areopagetica pleads for freedom of press.
6. From which country did the Saxons come to England?
Saxons came to England from lowe contry South of Denmark and east of Holland, the
modern Holstein.
7. To whom was Chaucer indebted for the general idea of The Canterbury Tales?
Chaucer was indebted to Boccaccios Decamenron for the general idea of The
Canturbury Tales.
8. Who is John Wycliffe?
John Wycliffe is the 14
th
century scholar to whom the first translation of Bible is
ascribed.
9. How are these two years related to each other---1649 and 1660?
In 1649 Charles I was behaeaded and for a brief and temporary period monarchy of
England was suspended. In 1660, monarchy was restored by making Charles II return to
England and making him the king of England.
10. Name the first Anglo-Saxon love poem.
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The Husbands Message is perhaps the first Anglo-Saxon love poem.
11. How many essays did Addison contribute to The Spectator?
In The Spectator Addison contributed 274 essays.
12. Name the poem in which Mrs. Barrett Browning expressed her ardent love for her
husband.
The poem in which Mrs. Barrett Browning expressed her ardent love for her husband is
Sonnets from the Portugese.
13. Name a major work by Carlyle other than Sartor Resartus.
One of the major work by Carlyle other than Sartor Resartus is French Revolution
(1837).
14. Which of the Bronte sisters wrote only one novel and what is the name of the novel?
Emile Bronte wrote only one novel and the name of the novel is Wuthering Heights
(1847).
15. What is the source of Keats poem Lamia?
The source of Keats poem Lamia is Robert Burtons Anatomy of Melancholy.
16. Which work of Dryden celebrates Charles IIs return to power?
Dryden celebrates Charles IIs return to power in his Astraea Redux.
17. Who were the editors of Shakespeares First Folio?
The editors of Shakespeares First Folio are Heminge and Condelle.
18. Name a drama of Matthew Arnold.
One of the dramas of Matthew Arnold is Melope, A Tragedy (1558).
19. Which period of English literature is called the Augustan Age?
The seventeenth century is called the Augustan Age.
20. Who is the author of Ten Little Niggers?
Agatha Christie is the author of Ten Little Niggers.
21. Who writes Eyeless in Gaza?
Aldous Huxley wrote Eyeless in Gaza.
22. Who is the creator of the Father Brown stories?
G.K. Chesterton is the creator of the Father Brown stories.
23. How is In Memoriam related to Adonais?
In Memoriam was written by Lord Alfred Tennyson in memory of one of his intimate
friends and a young man of great promise, Arthur Henry Hallum, who died in Vienna at
the age of 22 only.
On the other hand, Adonais was written by P.B. Shelley in 1821 in memory of the
famous dead friend and poet John Keats.
So, both the poems are eulogy in nature.
24. Who succeeded Wordsworth as Poet Laureate?
After the death of Wordsworth Lord Tennyson became the Poet Laureate.
25. Which sovereign of England ruled the country for more than sixty years?
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Queen Victoria ruled the country from 1837 to 1901, that is 65 years. It is, however, the
longest period when an English monarch ruled the contry.
26. What is an epistolary novel? Give two examples.
Epistolary novels are novels which are written in the form of letters. Two examples of
epistolary novels are Samuel Richardsons Pamela, or Virtue Rewarded (1740) and
Clarissa Harlowe (1747-48).
27. Name the epoch making book written by Charles Darwin and give the year of its
publication.
The epoch-making book of Charles Darwin is Origin of Species which was published in
1859.
28. Name two Cavalier poets. Why are they so called?
Robert Herrick and Richard Lovelace are the two Cavalier poets. This is a name given to
the supporter of Charles I in the Civil War. It derived from Italian and French word for
horseman or knight.
29. Who introduced Pindaric Ode into English and why is it so called?
Abraham Cowley introduced a loose version of Pindaric Odes in 1656. Though many
poets in English literature composed this type of poems, prominent is Thomas Grays
The Progress in Poesy (1575).
Pindar was a lyric poet of Greece of 5th century B.C. He used to employ a triadic
structure dealing with victories in the game of Olympia and elsewhere. As Cowley and
Grays above mentioned poems are inspired by this difficult model, thus they are called
Pindaric Ode.
30. In which year was the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood formed? Name at least two members
of the group.
In 1848 Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was formed.
D.G. Rossetti and Christina Georgina Rossetti are the two Pre-Raphaelite poets.
31. Name two movements in art that had impact on poetry in the 20
th
century.
Expressionism, which flourished from 1905 to 1910 deeply influenced the 20th century
Poetry. Artists, deviated from the Classical Art form and intended to express their inner
emotions in their works.
Moreover, surrealism, which grew when the anger after the World War I
subsided, and which explores the inner psyche, influenced the 20th century poetry very
much.
32. Specify the period of Elizabethan literature. Why is it called the glorious age of
literature?
The span of Elizabethan literature is from 1550 to 1630.
This period is called the glorious age of literature because for the first time overall
development in every sphere of literature can be found in this period.
33. How are these two years---1789 and 1798---significant in literature?
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In 1789 the French Revolution occurred in France which has a lasting impact on English
literature.
In 1798 the first edition of Lyrical Ballads was published by William Wordsworth
and S.T. Coleridge. This book completely changed the flow of English poetry.
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B.A. English Honours
2006
Objective Questinos
Paper I
(First 25 questions are of 1 mark each and the next 8 questions are of 2 marks each)
1. In which year was the Authorised Version of the Bible published?
In the year of 1611, the Authorised Version of the Bible was published. In 1604, the work of
translating the Bible began.
2. Who wrote Confessio Amantis?
John Gower is the author of Confessio Amantis.
3. What is meant by Alexandrine?
It is a twelve syllable line in iambic hexameter. It is very popular in 1500 to 1800 in French
literature. However, in English alexandrine is a bit different from that of French. In English the
sixth and the last syllable is stressed with a wandering unstressed syllables that can appear in-
between the strong stresses on each side of the caesura. The name alexandrine came from a 12
th

century French romance Roman dAlexandre where it was used.
4. Give the meaning of Religio Medici.
The meaning of Thomas Brownes book Religio Medici is The religion of a doctor.
5. Name the writer of Utopia.
The writer of Utopia is Thomas More. It was published in 1516.
6. Name any one of Ben Jonsons Tragedies.
Two tragedies of Ben Jonson are Sejanus and Catiline.
7. What is an epyllion?
Epyllion is a short narrative poem that has a close affinity with epic.
8. Give one example of Glorious soldier (Lat. Miles Gloriosus) from Elizabethan drama.
Ben Jonsons famous comedy Alchemist is one example among many of Glorious soldier
(Lat. Miles Gloriosus).
9. Who wrote Sonnets from the Portuguese?
Elizabeth Barrett Browning wrote Sonnets from the Portuguese to express her love to her
husband Robert Browning.
10. What is the generic name of the Fairie Queene?
Fairie Queene is an allegory.
11. Who is called the Saint of the Metaphysical School?
Herbert, the follower of John Donne is sometimes called Saint of the Metaphysical
School.
12. Who wrote Annus Mirabilis?
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Annus Mirabilis is a work by John Dryden. It refers to miraculous events of 1666.
13. What is meant by genteel Comedy?
Genteel Comedy is a sub-genre of 18
th
century Comedy of Manners. It reflects the
behavior of the English upper class. Contrasted with the Restoration comedy, genteel
comedy is somewhat artificial and sentimental. Colley Cibbers play The Careless
Husband (1704) is a very good example of it.
14. Who wrote Sartor Resartus?
It was written by Thomas Carlyle. It was first printed serially in Frasers Magazine in
1833-34. It was published as a separate book in 1836.
15. What is the meaning of the term verbal vitriol?
It means a very caustic attack on verbal level. It was rampant in the 18
th
century England,
when scurrilous attacks have been made by authors to the same class belonging to the
other political camps.
16. Give the name of the writer of Rassellas.
Rassellas (1759) was written by Dr. Samuel Johnson.
17. Who is the first biographer of Dr. Johnson?
James Boswell is the first biographer of Dr. Johnson. The name of the biography is Life
of Samuel Johnson.
18. Name the industrial novel of Dickens.
Hard Times is an industrial novel written by Dickens.
19. State the relation between Keats and the Elgin Marbles?
Keats in 1817 visited old British Museum, where newly acquired Elgin Marbles, a
series of bust sculptures in marbles, were kept. He was so impressed by these sculptures,
that he composed a very famous sonnet, On Seeing the Elgin Marbles.
20. What is the source of Fra Lippo Lippi or Andrea del Sarto?
Robert Browning was inspired to write Fra Lippo Lippi after reading the story of
Filippo Lippi in Vasaris Lives of the Artists. The same book of Vasari inspired Browning
to write Andrea del Sarto, which is based on the personal life of a very famous artist of
Italy, Andrea Del Sarto.
21. State the meaning of Sartor Resartus.
The meaning of Sartor Resartus of Carlyle is tailored retailored.
22. Who wrote 1984?
George Orwell wrote 1984.
23. Give the name of the writer of Goblin Market?
Christian Georgina Rossetti, one of the Pre-Raphaelites wrote Goblin Market.
24. Who wrote a tract or treatise On Divorce?
John Milton wrote a tract or treatise On Divorce.
25. Give the name of the writer of Atlanta in Calydon.
Swinburne is the writer of Atlanta in Calydon.
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26. What is meant by the term Renaissance?
Renaissance is basically a cultural movement, initiated in Italy in late Middle Ages, and
later spread all over Europe, including England. It encompasses the flowering of Latin
and vernacular literature. Literally it means reawakening.
27. Who compiled Tottels Miscellany and when was it published?
Richard Tottel compiled the poems in Tottels Miscellany.
28. Give the full name of the first English printer?
William Caxton is the first English printer.
29. Give the name of writer of The Old Wives Tale? Did he write any other tragedy?
The Old Wives Tale was written by Arnold Bennett. Bennetts These Twain is another
tragedy.
30. What is a picaresque novel? Give two examples.
Picaresque novel is a type of novel which idealizes a rogue character who goes through
different adventures. The word came from Spanish word picaro that means rogue.
Fieldings Tom Jones and Dickens Martin Chuzzlewit are two examples of
picaresque novels.
31. Name two Pre-Raphaelite poets? Why are they so called?
D.G. Rossetti and Christina Georgina Rossetti are the two Pre-Raphaelite poets.
Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood is a small group of artists who rejected the
mechanical approach of painting advocated by Raphael and his contemporaries. Thus
they are called Pre-Rapahaelites.
32. Who wrote Unto this Last? In which century was this book written?
John Ruskin wrote Unto this Last. This book was written in 19
th
century, in 1860.
33. What is an aubade? Give one example.
An aubade is a morning love song or a poem or song about separation of lovers at
dawn.
John Donnes Sun Rising is a very good example of an aubade.

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B.A. English Honours
2007
Objective Questinos (including Tag Questions)
Paper I
1. What is an epic? Name one Indian and one Western epic.
It is very hard to define an epic. In its strict sense of the term epic is a work that is a long verse narrative
on a serious subject, told in a formal and elevated style, and centered on a heroic or quasi-divine figure on
whose actions depends the fate of a fate of a tribe, a nation or the human race.
The Ramayana as an example of Indian epic. And The Iliad is a an example of western epic.
2. Why is the Age of Pope referred as the Augustan Period?
The period which begins from Restoration and ends with the death of Alexander Pope ((1690-1744) is
called by many historians as Augustan period because a tendency to imitate the original Roman poets like
Horace, Virgil can be seen. These Roman poets belonged to the century when Rome was being ruled by
Augustus Caesar and this period is considered the most prosperous period of Roman history in terms of
literature.
3. To which age is the term The Return to Nature given and why?
The Romantic Age is sometimes defined subjectively as The Return to Nature.
It was called so, because in this period, men of letters thought that the main inspiration of their
literature should not be other classical works but the nature itself. Nature is thus manifested in different
aspects of their literature.
4. How does Shakespeare differ from the other Elizabethan sonneteers?
Shakespeare differs from the other Elizabethan sonneteers in two grounds. Thematically, he never put his
object of love on high pedestal and worship him/her. Object of love to him is a natural human being who
has many faults along with his/her qualities. Secondly, he divided his sonnets into a stanza of twelve lines
and a couplet. While the other Elizabethan sonneteers mainly divided their sonnets in octave and sestet,
following Petrarchan tradition.
5. Name two important elegies and their authors.
Two important elegies are Elegy Written in a Country Churchyard(1757) by Thomas Gray and
Lord Alfred Tennysons In Memoriam (1850).
6. What is problem play? Name a problem play and its author.
Problem Play is a type of drama that was popularized by the Norwegian playwright Henrik Ibsen. In
problem plays, the situation faced by the protagonist is put forward by the author as a representative
instance of a contemporary social problems; often the dramatist manages---by the use of a character who
speaks for the author, or by the evolution of the plot, or both---to propose a solution to the problem
which is at odds with prevailing opinion.
7. Name two important literary critics of the 20
th
century.
Two most important literary critics of the 20
th
century are T.S. Eliot and I.A. Richards.
8. Who are called Cavalier poets and why?
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Cavalier poet is a broad term that describes a group of poets who supported King Charles I in the Civil
War. Charles I was a connoisseur of good art, specially masques, poetry and drama. He demanded the
production of such art form from this group of poets. Originally, the term cavalier came from Italian
Chevalier meaning horse rider. Actually these poets were horse riding knights. The most prominent
Cavalier poets are Ben Jonson, Robert Herrick, Thomas Carew and John Suckling.
9. Mention two Victorian essayists dealing with social and moral themes.
Thomas Carlyle(1795-1881), author of the History of the French Revolution and John Ruskin(1819-1900),
author of The Seven Lamps of Architecture are two Victorian essayists dealing with social and moral
themes.
10. Name the editors of Shakespeares First Folio and the year in which it was published.
The First Folio of Shakespeare was edited by John Heminges and Henry Condell.
It was published in 1623.
11. Name the king dethroned by the Glorious Revolution. Who came to power after the Revolution?
King James II was dethroned by the Glorious Revolution (1688).
After the dethronement of King James II, William III of England came into power.
12. Point out two major historical events that took place in the age of Chaucer.
The two major historical events that took place in the age of Chaucer are Hundred Years of War between
England and France (1337-1453) and Black Death, a Plague epidemic that was rampant mostly from 1348
to 1349.
13. Name five sections of The Waste Land.
The five sections of The Waste Land are (a) The Burial of the Dead, (b) A Game of Chess, (c) The Fire
Sermon, (d) Death by Water, and (e) What the Thunder Said.
14. Name two of T.S. Eliots critical essays.
Two famous critical essays by T.S. Eliot are Tradition and Individual Talent and Hamlet and his
Problems.
15. Name two attempts of writing English epics after Paradise Lost.
After Miltons Paradise Lost, there were several attempts to write epics in English language. Notable two
attempts are Shelleys Prometheus Unbound and Thomas Hardys Dynasts.
16. Name any two works of an Absurd playwright.
Waiting for Godot and Endgame are two absurd dramas by Samuel Beckett.
17. What is Oxford Movement? Who was the leader of the movement?
It is a religious movement of High Church Anglicans. The members of this movement are closely
associated with Oxford University. The members of the movement emphasized on the reinstatement of
lost Christian tradition of faith and their inclusion into Anglican liturgy and theology.
The leaders of the movement are John Keble and John Henry Newman.
18. Where did the Reformation Movement start first and in which year?
Reformation Movement, the great religious movement of the 16
th
century, aiming to reform the doctrines
and practices of the Church of Rome, began in Germany under the leadership of Martin Luther and in
Geneva under the leadership of Calvin.
In 1517, Martin Luther initiated the Reformation Movement by nailing 95 thesis in the door of
Wittenberg Church.
19. Who participated in the lying match held in John Heywoods The Four Ps?
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Peddler, Palmer, Pardoner and Poticary are the four characters who participated in the lying match held in
John Heywoods The Four Ps.
20. Who introduced Pindaric Ode in English and why is it called?
Abraham Cowley introduced a loose version of Pindaric Odes in 1656. Though many poets in English
literature composed this type of poems, prominent is Thomas Grays The Progress in Poesy (1575).
Pindar was a lyric poet of Greece of 5
th
century B.C. He used to employ a triadic structure dealing
with victories in the game of Olympia and elsewhere. As Cowley and Grays above mentioned poems are
inspired by this difficult model, thus they are called Pindaric Ode.
21. Name two movements in art that had impact on Poetry in the 20
th
century.
Expressionism, which flourished from 1905 to 1910 deeply influenced the 20
th
century Poetry. Artists,
deviated from the Classical Art form and intended to express their inner emotions in their works.
Moreover, surrealism, which grew when the anger after the World War I subsided, and which
explores the inner psyche, influenced the 20
th
century poetry very much.
22. Give the names of four poets associated with the Decadent movement.
Peter Allenberg, Max Beerbohm, H.G. Wells and Oscar Wilde are some of the poets associated with the
Decadent movement.
23. Name two pioneering sixteenth century translators of the Bible.
In 1526, William Tyndale translated and published The New Testament into English language. In 1535,
Myles Coverdale first translated the complete Bible into English language.
24. Name two scientific fantasies written by H. G. Wells.
Time Machine and Invisible Man are two scientific fantasies written by H.G. Wells.
25. Name the four manuscripts in which the surviving Old English poetry is preserved.
Most Old English poetry is preserved in four manuscripts of the late 10th and early 11th centuries. The
Beowulf manuscript (British Library) contains Beowulf, Judith, and three prose tracts; the Exeter Book
(Exeter Cathedral) is a miscellaneous gathering of lyrics, riddles, didactic poems, and religious narratives;
the Junius Manuscript (Bodleian Library, Oxford)also called the Caedmon Manuscript, even though its
contents are no longer attributed to Caedmoncontains biblical paraphrases; and the Vercelli Book
(found in the cathedral library in Vercelli, Italy) contains saints' lives, several short religious poems, and
prose homilies.
B.A. English Honours
2008
Objective Questinos (including Tag Questions)
Paper I
1. Name two Anglo-Saxon Elegies that have stanza patern and refrain.
Deor and Husbands Message are two Anglo-Saxon Elegies that have stanza patern and
refrain.
2. Why are the years 1066 and 1215 important in the history of England?
In 1066 Norman Conquest occurred in which in the Batle of Hastngs William, the
Conqueror, Duke of Normandy defeated Harold II, King of England. As a result, William, the
Conqueror became king of England.
In 1215, at the tme of reign of John, Magna Carta, the frst treaty of individual
liberty was passed by the English Parliament.
3. Name two major works of Chaucers French period.
Parliament of Fouls and The Book of the Duchess are two major works of Chaucers French
period.
4. What is the meaning of Astrophel and Stella in the sonnet sequence of Sidney? How many
sonnets are there in the sequence?
In Greek Aster means star and phil means lover, Stella means star. So, in a way astrophel
means lover of the star.
5. State the span of the Jacobean age in English literature. How is the term (Jacobean) derived?
Jacobean age spans from 1603 to 1625, which corresponds to James Is reign.
King James had a Latn name Jacobus. From it the term Jacobean derived.
6. Why are the years 1642 and 1688 important in the history of England?
In 1642 The Great Civil War of England began.
In 1688, Glorious Revoluton occurred.
7. Who is the author of Imaginary Conversaton? When was it published?
Walter Savage Landor is the author of Imaginary Conversaton.
The frst volume of it was published in 1824 and the ffh volume that is the last
volume was published in 1829.
8. Why are the years 1611 and 1798 important in the history of England?
The Authorized Version of Bible was published in 1611.
In 1798 Wordsworth and Coleridge jointly published the frst editon of Lyrical
Ballads which sets the norm of poetry in the romantc period.
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9. D.G. Rosset started a journal. What was the ttle of the journal? How long did it contnue?
D.G. Rosset started The Jerm, the journal of Pre-Raphaelite brotherhood.
The Jerm was frst published in January, 1850 and it contnued upto April, 1850. Only
four issues of it were published.
10. Name the authors of Sonnets from the Portuguese and Modern Painters.
Author of Sonnets from the Portuguese was Elizabeth Barret Browning.
John Ruskin is the author of Modern Painters.
11. What is a Gothic novel? Name two of them.
Gothic fcton, sometmes referred to as Gothic horror, is a genre or mode of literature that
combines elements of both horror and romance. Gothicisms origin is atributed to English
author Horace Walpole, with his 1764 novel The Castle of Otranto, subttled A Gothic Story.
The efect of Gothic fcton feeds on a pleasing sort of terror, an extension of Romantc
literary pleasures that were relatvely new at the tme of Walpoles novel. Melodrama and
parody (including self-parody) were other long-standing features of the Gothic initated by
Walpole.
Horace Walpoles The Castle of Otranto and Anne Radclifes The Myteries of Udalpho
are examples of Gothic novel.
12. Who has writen the play Justce? What is it about?
Justce was writen by John Galsworthy.
Galsworthy here pointed out inhuman nature of judicial system.
13. When did Georgian poetry fourish? Name two major Georgian poets.
Georgian poetry fourished from 1911 to 1922.
Lascelles Abercrombie and Walter de la Mare are two major Georgian poets.
14. Give the names of two Irish dramatsts and menton one play by each of them.
George Bernard Shaw and James Millington Synge are the two Irish dramatsts.
One of the play of George Bernard Shaw was Arms and the Man. James Millington
wrote a memorable drama, Riders to the Sea.
15. What is your idea of a heroic poem? (Tag Questons)
Heroic Poem is a narratve verse that is elevated in mood and uses a dignifed, dramatc, and
formal style to describe the deeds of aristocratc warriors and rulers. It is usually composed
without the aid of writng and is chanted or recited to the accompaniment of a stringed
instrument. It is transmited orally from bard to bard over generatons.
16. How the Interludes are related to these plays?
Interludes are small plays that are being enacted in the middle of two acts of Miracle and
morality plays.
17. Is the term metaphysical a misnomer?
Metaphysical poetry have several characteristcs, among them haeterogenous ideas are
one but not the sole criteria. So it can be said that metaphysical is a term which is to some
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extent a misnomer.
18. Why did the novel arise in the 18
th
century?
In 18
th
century, due to the advent of printng press the producton cost of books came to
down to a signifcant level. On the other hand, gentry class could aford to buy books and
spend leisure tme in reading books. So a huge demand for books was felt. In this context
novel, a new popular form of literature arises.
19. How do Scot and Jane Austen difer from each other.
Scots world is very wide, almost the cosmos. He rendered his stories against a monumental
background. Litle atenton was given to the detail. On the other hand, Austen perfected
herself in the miniature world. Her scope of the novels are very narrow. But within the
narrow scope she dealt with such detail, that we are mesmerized.
20. What are the main characteristcs of One Act play?
An One Act play is spanned against very short tme in contrast to a full play of fve acts. It is
very selectve in nature. It deals with very limited number of characters. Most of the stories
are told in such a way that some hints of past incidents are made but not enacted on the
stage. Main points of the play are deliberately highlighted. These are the characteristcs of an
One Act play.
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B.A. English Honours
2009
Objective Questinos (including Tag Questions)
Paper I
Name the four manuscripts in which the surviving Old English poetry is preserved. 1.
The four manuscripts in which the surviving Old English poetry is preserved are (a) Coton Vitallius A XV or
Beowulf manuscript which is kept in Brtsh Museum, containing Beowulf, Judith and three prose works, (b)
Exeter Book, given by Bishop Leofricto Exeter Cathedral, containing Christ, Juliana, The Wanderer, The Seafarer,
Widsith, Deor, and many other short pieces, (c) Junius Manuscript in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, containing
Genesis, Exodus, Daniel, and Christ and Satan and (d) The Vercelli Book, preserved in the cathedral library at
Vercelli, in northern Italy, which contains Andreas, The Fates of the Apostles, Address of the Soul to the Body,
The Dream of the Rood and Elene.
How are the metrical romances of the Middle English period classifed according to their subject mater? 2.
According to their subject mater, metrical romances of the Middle English period can be classifed in fve
categories---(a) Mater of France, example, Chanson de Roland, Sir Firumbras, (b) Mater of Britain, example,
Brut, Arthur and Marlin,(c) Mater of England, example, Richard Coeur de Lion, Guy of Warwick, (d) Mater
of Rome, example, The Destructon of Troy, King Alisaunder, (e) Miscellaneous romance, example, William of
Palerne, Floris and Blanchfeur.
Indicate the year in which Totels Miscellany was published. What does the collecton consist of ? 3.
Totels Miscellany was published in 1557.
It consists of chief works Thomas Wyat and Surrey.
Name two cavalier poets. Why are they so called? 4.
Robert Herrick and Richard Lovelace are the two Cavalier poets.
They are the supporters of Charles I in the 17 th century Civil War. The word Cavalier came from Italian
chevalier meaning horse rider. All of these poets used to be the courters and subsequently horse riders.
From this they are called Cavalier poets.
What is the frst extant English comedy? Name the author. 5.
The frst extant of English comedy is Ralph Roister Doister. Probably it was writen in 1553/54
and was registered in 1566/67.
Nicholas Udall, the headmaster of the prestgious Eton school was the author of it.
Name the English queen under whom Shakespeare wrote his plays. 6.
Shakespeare wrote his plays under queen Elizabeth I.
Who wrote 7. The Shoemakers Holiday? Is it a novel, a poem or a play?
Thomas Dekker wrote The Shoemakers Holiday (1599).
It is an Elizabethan play.
What is a picaresque novel? Give two examples. 8.
The word picaresque came from Spanish word picaro which literally meant rogue. It is a subgenre of fcton
which is satrical in nature and depicts in realistc and ofen humorous detail, the adventure of a roguish
hero of low social class who lives by his wits in a corrupt society. This style of novel originated in sixteenth
century Spain and fourished throughout Europe in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It contnues to
infuence modern literature.Fieldings Tom Jones and Joseph Andrews of Henry Fielding are the two examples
of picaresque novel.
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Give the names of two English literary journals in the nineteenth century. 9.
The Athenaeum edited by John Aikin and The Contemporary Review are the two English literary journals of the
nineteenth century.
Whose deaths are mourned respectvely by Percy Bysshe Shelley in his 10. Adonais and Mathew Arnold in his
Thyrsis?
John Keats untmely death was mourned by his fellow poet Percy Bysshe Shelley in his Adonais.
In Thyrsis Mathew Arnold mourned the death of Arthur Hugh Clough, his fellow poet who died in
November, 1861 only at the age of 42.
Who are the Bronte sisters? Menton one major work of each of his works. 11.
Bronte sisters are Charlote Brontee, Emily Brontee and Anne Brontee who contributed signifcantly in the feld
of Victorian novel.
One of the major novels of Charlote Brontee Jane Eyre (1847). Emily Brontees major novel is Wuthering
Heights (1847). One of the major novels of Anne Brontee is Agnes Grey.
What is the real name of George Orwell? Menton one of his works. 12.
Real name of George Orwell is Eric Arthur Blair.
Nineteen eighty four was one of the major works of George Eliot.
Name one novel of each of Arnold Bennet and H.G. Wells. 13.
The Old Wives Tale (1908) is one of the novels writen by Arnold Bennet.
Time Machine (1895) is one of the novels writen by H. G. Wells.
Name the two journals edited by T.S. Eliot and F.R. Leavis respectvely. 14.
The Criterion was edited by T.S. Eliot.
Scrutny is the journal edited by F.R. Leavis.
In what century Cynewulf write? In what leters did Cynewulf sign his poems? (Tag Questons) 15.
Cynewulf used to write in ninth century.
Cynewulf signed his poems in Runic leters.
Who are known as Universith Wits? (Tag Questons) 16.
The University Wits are a group of late 16
th
century playwrights who were educated at the universites (Oxford
or Cambridge) and who became playwrights and popular secular writers. Prominent members of this group
were Christopher Marlowe, Robert Greene, and Thomas Nashe from Cambridge, and John Lyly, Thomas Lodge,
George Peele from Oxford.
Menton the ttle of any two restoraton comedy. (Tag Questons) 17.
William Wicherleys The Country Wife and The Rover are the two restoraton comedies.
Who are the Lake poets and why are they so called? (Tag Questons) 18.
William Wordsworth, S.T. Coleridge and Southey are generally referred to as Lake Poets.
They are called so because they used to live in Lake District of England.
Who wrote 19. Sartor Resartus? What is the meaning of the ttle? (Tag Questons)
Carlyle wrote Sartor Resartus.
It meant Tailored, retailored.
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Who are the major modern poets? (Tag Questons) 20.
T. S. Eliot, W. H. Auden, Ezra Pound, etc, are major modern poets.
What does the phrase Stream of Consciousness mean? (Tag Questons) 21.
In literary critcism, stream of consciousness is a narratve mode that seeks to portray an individuals point of
view by giving the writen equivalent of the characters thought processes, either in a loose interior monologue,
or in connecton to his or her actons.
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English (Honours) 2010
Paper I
Objective
1. Why is the year 1066 important?
In 1066 Harold, son of Edward the Confessor and king of England were defeated in the Batle
of Hastngs by William, the Conquerer, Duke of Normandy, France. As a result a paradigm shif
is noted in the feld of literature as well as in the feld of culture. It is also believed that with
this incident the Old English period ended and Medieval period began.
2. Name two allegorical poems of early Middle Ages.
Pearl and Purity are two allegorical poems of early Middle Ages.
3. Which poem of Chaucer deals with birds? To which period of his poetc career does this poem
belong?
Chaucers Parlement of Foules or in modern spelling Parliament of Fowls deals with birds.
It belongs to the Italian period of his poetc career.
4. What is an interlude? Menton two interludes.
Interlude is a short dramatc piece, especially of a light or farcical character, formerly
introduced between the parts or acts of miracle and morality plays or given as part of other
entertainments.
The Pride of Life (c1300-25) and Mankind (1465-70) are the two examples of interludes.
5. Name the authors of The Shepherds Calendar and Shepherds Garland. When were the
works published?
The Shepherds Calendar was published by Edmund Spenser and Shepherds Garland was
published by Michael Drayton.
The Shepherds Calendar was published in 1579 and Shepherds Garland was published
in 1893.
6. Name the School of Poetry with which John Donne was associated? Menton the ttle of
Donnes amorous lyrics.
John Donne was associated with Metaphysical School of Poetry.
The ttle of Donnes amorous lyrics is Songs and Sonnets (1631)
7. What is a Masque? Menton one masque writen by Ben Jonson.
The masque was a form of festve courtly entertainment which fourished in 16th and early 17th
century Europe, though it was developed earlier in Italy, in forms including the intermedio (a
public version of the masque was the pageant). A masque involved music and dancing, singing
and actng, within an elaborate stage design, in which the architectural framing and costumes
might be designed by a renowned architect, to present a deferental allegory fatering to the
patron.
The Masque of Blackness (1605) was writen by Ben Jonson.




















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8. When was the First Folio of Shakespeare published? Name the editors.
In 1623 the First Folio of Shakespeare published.
First Folio of Shakespeare was published by Heminges and Condell.
9. Name two Cavalier poets. Why are they called so?
Robert Herrick and Richard Lovelace are the two Cavalier poets.
They are the supporters of Charles I in the 17
th
century Civil War. The word Cavalier
came from Italian chevalier meaning horse rider. All of these poets used to be the courters
and subsequently horse riders. From this they are called Cavalier poets.
10. Name one personal satre writen by Dryden. Whom did he satrize in the poem?
MacFlecknoe is the personal satre writen by Dryden.
He satrizes Thomas Shadwell, another prominent poet of the tme, in this satre.
11. What is the subject mater of Areopagitca?
Areopagitca is the book through which John Milton pleads for the liberty of press.
12. Who are the authors of Adonais and In Memoriam? For whom were they writen?
P. B. Shelley is the author of Adonais and Lord Alfred Tennyson is the author of In Memoriam.
Adonais was composed in memory of the John Keats who died very early. In Memoriam
was composed to show respect to Arthur Henry Hallam, who died untmely.
13. When was The Waste Land published? Name the fve sectons of the poem.
The Waste Land was published in 1922.
The fve secton of the poem are: (a) The Burial of the Dead, (b) A Game of Chess, (c)
The Fire Sermon, (d) Death by Water, and (e) What the Thunder Said.
14. Name the poets associated with the imagist movement. Name the magazine of the movement.
Hilda Doolitle, Hariet Monroe, etc are associated with the imagist movement.
Poetry is the name of the magazine associated with the imagist movement.
15. Name an Anglo-Saxon lyric in which there is no melancholy. (Tag questons)
In The Seafarer there is very litle melancholy.
16. Name one famous contemporary of Chaucer and menton one of his works. (Tag questons)
William Langland is one famous contemporary of Chaucer.
His Piers Plowman is the most famous work.
17. Why is the Jacobean age called so? (Tag questons)
James I who became king afer Queen Elizabeth in 1603 had Latn name ---Jacob. From this the
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18. Name the book by Fielding which was initally conceived as a parody of Richardsons Pamela.
(Tag questons)
Joseph Andrews, a novel by Henry Fielding was initally conceived as a parody of Richardsons
Pamela.
19. In which year the Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood formed? (Tag questons)
Pre-Raphaelite Brotherhood was formed in 1848.
20. Name a male exponent of stream of consciousness novel. (Tag questons)
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English (Honours) 2011
Paper I
Objective
1. Who composed Totels Miscellany and when was it published?
Richard Totel (c.1530-94) published Totels Miscellany. Its original name was Songs and
Sonnets and here chief works of Thomas Wyat and Surrey were published for the frst tme.
It was published in 1557.
2. What is the frst extant of English comedy? Name the author.
The frst extant of English comedy is Ralph Roister Doister. Probably it was writen in 1553/54
and was registered in 1566/67.
Nicholas Udall, the headmaster of the prestgious Eton school was the author of it.
3. Give the name of two authors who wrote on the theme of Troilus and Cressida.
Geofrey Chaucer and William Shakespeare, two of the greatest authors of all tme wrote a
poem and a play respectvely on the theme of Troilus and Cressida.
4. In which poem does Chaucer sing in praise of virtuous women? To which period of his poetc
career does this work belong?
Legend of Good Women, a poem in vision, and composed in iambic pentameter and
decasyllabic couplet is the poem in which Chaucer praised virtuous women.
It belonged to the period of Italian phase.
5. What is a picaresque novel? Give two examples.
The word picaresque came from Spanish word picaro which literally meant rogue. It is a sub-
genre of fcton which is satrical in nature and depicts in realistc and ofen humorous detail,
the adventure of a roguish hero of low social class who lives by his wits in a corrupt society.
This style of novel originated in sixteenth century Spain and fourished throughout Europe in
the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. It contnues to infuence modern literature.
Fieldings Tom Jones and Joseph Andrews of the same author are the two examples of
picaresque novel.
6. Who is the author of Imaginary Conversatons? When was it published?
Imaginary Conversatons was writen by Walter Savage Landor.
It has six volumes which were published gradually from 1824 to 1844.
7. What is a Gothic novel? Name two of them?
Gothic fcton, sometmes referred to as Gothic horror, is a genre or mode of literature that
combines elements of both horror and romance. Gothicisms origin is atributed to English
author Horace Walpole, with his 1764 novel The Castle of Otranto, subttled A Gothic Story.
Horace Walpoles The Castle of Otranto and Mary Shelleys Frankenstein are two very
famous Gothic novel.
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8. How are these two years---1789 and 1798 signifcant in the history of English literature?
1789 is the year in which French Revoluton took place. Its infuence on English literature,
especially on the literature that belonged to the Romantc period is tremendous.
In 1798, William Wordsworth and S.T. Coleridge published Lyrical Ballads, the collecton
of poems that set the trend of romantc poetry.
9. What is a problem play? Name a play and its author.
The problem play is a form of drama that emerged during the 19th century as part of the
wider movement of realism in the arts. It deals with contentous social issues through debates
between the characters on stage, who typically represent confictng points of view within a
realistc social context.
Arms and the Man writen by George Bernard Shaw is one example of problem play.
10. Name two leading literary critcs and two major journals of the 20
th
century.
Among many literary critcs of the 20
th
century, we can name T.S. Eliot and I. A. Richards as the
two leading literary critcs.
Times Literary Supplement and Egoist are two major literary journals of the 20
th

century.
11. Name two famous literary works published in 1922.
In 1922, T.S. Eliots The Waste Land, a long poem which is perhaps the most well-known literary
landmark and James Joyces Ulysses, the magnum opus of the author were published.
12. Name one novel of Aldous Huxley and one of Joseph Conrad.
Eyeless in Gaza (1936) was a novel writen by Aldous Huxley.
Heart of Darkness (1899) was a novel writen by Joseph Conrad.
13. Name the authors who bore the pen name George Eliot and George Orwell respectvely.
The real name of George Eliot was Mary Ann Evans and the real name of George Orwell was
Eric Arthur Blair.
14. Name the authors of Aurora Leigh and The Mill on the Floss.
The author of Aurora Leigh was Elizabeth Barret Browning.
The author of The Mill on the Floss was George Eliot.
15. How would you identfy the poems of Cynewulf? (Tag queston)
Four surviving poems composed by Cynewulf were signed in Runic leters by the poet. By
these signature, we completely identfy the poems of Cynewulf.
16. What do you understand by the terms Morality play and Miracle play? (Tag queston)
Morality plays are a type of allegory in which the protagonist is met by personifcatons of
various moral atributes who try to prompt him to choose a Godly life over one of evil.
Miracle plays, or Saints plays, are now distnguished from mystery plays as they
specifcally re-enacted miraculous interventons by the saints, partcularly St. Nicholas or St.
Mary, into the lives of ordinary people, rather than biblical events.
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17. What is metaphysical poetry? (Tag queston)
Metaphysical poetry is an umbrella term which fts very diverse poets to indicate a common
poetc style, use of fguratve language, and way of organizing the meditatve process or the
poetc argument.
18. Name two essays published in The Spectator. (Tag queston)
Mischiefs of Party Spirit by Josesph Addison and The Art of Story Telling by Richard Steele
are the two essays among many published in The Spectator.
19. Who are known as the Precursors of Romantcism and why? (Tag queston)
There was a group of 18
th
century poets who showed ample evidence of romantc chracteristcs
in their poems. Among them, James Thomson, Oliver Goldsmith, etc. are the main poets. As
they belong to the age of prose and reason yet displaying some characteristcs of romantc
trends, they are considered as harbinger of romantc age. So they are called Precursors of
Romantcism.
20. Name two books published in 1859. (Tag queston)
In 1859 Charles Dickens A Tale of Two Cites and Darwins The Origin of Species were published.
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