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CONTENTS

ACKNOWLEDGMENT

ABSTRACT

OBJECTIVE

INTRODUCTION

PROBLEM STATEMENT

HYPOTHESIS

MATERIAL/APPARATUS

PROCUDER

RESULT & CONCLUSION

DISCUSSION

REFRENCES
ACKNOWLEDGMENT

Thanks to God with his permission, we can finish our Science Fair,
which titled “Solar Box Cooker”. It is important for us to complete it
because it is one of the criteria for us to graduate in our college-Mara
Junior Science College of Kuala Terengganu under MARA system.

First of all, thanks a lot to our Science Fair advisor who are Mrs
Norazlin Zulkefli and Mr Nasir Dewa as they helped us when doing this
assignment. They had given a lot of their knowledge during doing this
Science Fair. Without their helping, surely we are difficult in completing
our Science Fair.

Apart from that, we also appreciate to both our parents that helped us
a lot when doing this Science Fair. They had given their cooperation in
preparing the materials in making and preparing our assignment. Not
to miss, our laboratory workers who preparing the apparatus for us to
do experiment.
While for other teachers who had helped us, especially Sir Anuar, Sir
Saidi and Mrs Rohana, who had given us guidelines to do the Science
Fair, we also want to say thank you.

Lastly, we cannot forget to extend our appreciation to all people who


had helped, supported and encouraged us from the time that we had
this brilliant idea.
Thank you to all of you.
ABSTRACT

Half the inhabitants of Earth cook over wood-fires. Nearly half the
world's wood supply is used as fuel. But there's not enough of it to go
round - more than 2 billion people now face
shortages of fuel-wood.

Forests in the developing countries are shrinking by more than 15


million hectares a year. The
critical forest-to-people ratio has never been lower - worldwide, it is
now less than half what it
was in 1960.

The obvious answers are to plant more trees, and to stop people
burning the trees that are left.
But those in need do not have access to alternative fuels, and
forestation schemes take years to produce their harvest - if they work
at all, which they often don't. In fact the schemes that work
the best are those in which local communities are most involved and
are the main
beneficiaries. And the main local benefit is usually a sustained supply
of firewood.

Meanwhile, deforestation leads to soil erosion, floods and climate


change, severe environmental degradation, and increasing poverty
and hunger.

It's a complex problem, like all environmental problems. But there's


one simple answer, that
can save millions of trees, provide clean, safe drinking water, doesn't
smoke, and costs very
little - solar cookers, which can be made from cardboard cartons.
OBJECTIVE

• To less use electricity.

• To reduce air pollutants that cause Global


Warming.

• Can be used to cook food or pasteurize water


during emergencies when other fuels and power
sources
INTRODUCTION

The idea of solar cooking and the ability to cook food safely with solar
energy have existed for almost 300 years: solar cookers have ranged
from simple glass-covered passive solar energy-using holes in the
ground to sophisticated high tech energy-storing cookers with
reflectors and sun-tracking capabilities.

Solar cooking is the simplest, safest, most convenient way to cook


food without consuming fuels or heating up the kitchen. Many people
choose to solar cook for these reasons. But for hundreds of millions
of people around the world who cook over fires fueled by wood or
dung, and who walk for miles to collect wood or spend much of their
meager incomes on fuel, solar cooking is more than a choice — it is a
blessing.

For millions of people who lack access to safe drinking water and
become sick or die each year from preventable waterborne illnesses,
solar water pasteurization is a life-saving skill. The World Health
Organization reports that in 23 countries 10% of deaths are due to
just two environmental risk factors: unsafe water, including poor
sanitation and hygiene; and indoor air pollution due to solid fuel use
for cooking. There are numerous reasons to cook the natural way —
with the sun.
PROBLEM
STATEMENT

• Half the world’s people must burn wood or dried dung to cook
their food.

• Wood cut for cooking purposes contributes to the 16 million


hectares of forest destroyed annually.

• Half the world’s population is exposed to indoor air pollution,


mainly the result of burning solid fuels for cooking and heating.
MATERIAL/APPARATUS
PROCUDERS
1) Design a data table: record the; time of day, temperature inside the oven, temperature
outside the oven, and record the angle of the reflector .

2) Construct your solar oven following the directions from the design you choose.

3)Then, you go outside to test your solar oven. You will need to take a
o thermometer to measure the temperature inside your oven
(the outside temperature will be announced every 5 minutes)
o a watch to record the time
o an angle ruler to record the angle of the reflector
a clip board with your data table and a sharp pencil

4) Record data every 1 hour.


RESULT
SOLAR OVEN DATA COLLECTION

Collecting and Presenting Data

Title: Change in temperature of solar oven over time.

TIME Temp. oC in oven Temp. oC outside Angle of reflector


7.00 am
8.00 am

900 am

10.00 am

11.00 am

12.00 pm

1.00 pm

2.00 pm

3.00 pm

4.00 pm

5.00 pm

6.00 pm
CONCLUSION
DISCUSSION
REFERENCES

Centres d'intérêt liés