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ELECTRICITY FROM WALKING

By Santhosh. R

TABLE OF CONTENTS

 

PAGE

INTRODUCTION

1

PRINCIPLE

1

MATERIALS REQUIRED

2

PROCEDURE

2

CIRCUIT

5

PHOTOS OF THE PROJECT

5

RESULTS

8

APPLICATIONS

8

INTRODUCTION

Whenever we walk we waste our energy. There are many ways to recover some of this energy in the form of electricity. The easiest and the space saving way is to produce electricity from

piezoelectric property of certain crystals.

PRINCIPLE

Piezoelectricity is the ability of some

materials

to

generate

an

electrical

potential

response to applied mechanical stress. This may take

the form of a separation of electrical charge across the crystal lattice. If the material is not short circuited ,the charge induces a voltage across the material. The word is derived from the Greek piezo or piezein, which means to squeeze or press.

MATERIALS REQUIRED

Piezoelectric transducers -as required for the area 1N4148 diodes-equal to the no. Of transducers Cardboard-required size wires-required

Multimeter-1

Crocodile or alligator clips with wires-2 Soldering iron-1 soldering wire wire strippers Insulated copper wire-a reel

PROCEDURE

wire wire strippers Insulated copper wire-a reel PROCEDURE The picture to the right is the first

The picture to the right is the first prototype before building my project It contains two sheets of cardboard with a piezotransducer wired between the two. The readings as I stamped on it are pictured below,

The pictures of the soldering on the piezoelectric transducers are, For the project first we

The pictures of the soldering on the piezoelectric transducers are,

of the soldering on the piezoelectric transducers are, For the project first we have to arrange
of the soldering on the piezoelectric transducers are, For the project first we have to arrange

For the project first we have to arrange the piezoelectric transducers on the cardboard and mark their places for sticking on later.

the cardboard and mark their places for sticking on later. Cut pieces of cardboard to a

Cut pieces of cardboard to a size larger than the transducers.

Take a reel of insulated copper wire and mark the places and strip off the

Take a reel of insulated copper wire and mark the places and strip off the enamel on the copper wire. Cover the stripped piece of wire with solder. Solder a end of diode with one of the electrodes of the transducers. Join other electrodes of the transducers commonly.

Connect

diodes together.

the cathodes

of

all

the

commonly. Connect diodes together. the cathodes of all the The connection of the diodes will act

The connection of the diodes will act as a positive source and the other wire connected commonly acts as a ground.

CIRCUIT

CIRCUIT To the circuit for smoothing From piezoelectric transducer AC to DC Step up to AC
CIRCUIT To the circuit for smoothing From piezoelectric transducer AC to DC Step up to AC

To the circuit for

smoothingCIRCUIT To the circuit for From piezoelectric transducer AC to DC Step up to AC to

From piezoelectric transducer

To the circuit for smoothing From piezoelectric transducer AC to DC Step up to AC to

AC to DC

AC to DC

Step up to AC to run appliances

Step up to AC to run appliances

Voltage stabilization and regulation

to AC to run appliances Voltage stabilization and regulation Battery charging PHOTOS OF THE PROJECT Finished

Battery charging

PHOTOS OF THE PROJECT

AC to run appliances Voltage stabilization and regulation Battery charging PHOTOS OF THE PROJECT Finished pictures

Finished pictures

AC to run appliances Voltage stabilization and regulation Battery charging PHOTOS OF THE PROJECT Finished pictures
The cardboard with transducers covered with a layer of sponge. The pictures of my project

The cardboard with transducers covered with a layer of sponge. The pictures of my project displayed in an SCIENCE FAIR are below,

of my project displayed in an SCIENCE FAIR are below, Me with my project,(the project is

Me with my project,(the project is not displayed as it was put on the floor)

My project covered with a designed sheet . The readings showing 13.93 Volt PAGE 7

My project covered with a designed sheet .

My project covered with a designed sheet . The readings showing 13.93 Volt PAGE 7

The readings showing 13.93 Volt

RESULTS

The output power is directly proportional to the pressure applied.

No constant output is seen unless a high frequency of stepping on it and off it is present.

It has certain dis-advantages of heavy weights or loads.

When the area of the cells are increased the power output is also increased.

APPLICATIONS

Can be implemented in heavy crowded areas as a type of floor.

Can be implemented in the boots of the soldiers and the power generated can be used for their equipments and thus it reduces the load of battery backups carried by the soldiers.

Research has been going on by scientists for the above mentioned item.

It has been implemented in a disco in Netherlands and in sub-ways in Japan. PAGE 8

REFERENCE

If you have any doubts regarding this project please feel free to contact me at santhoshramaraj@gmail.com