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Agenda

Materials: Notebook, writing utensil

2nd trimester ends March 7th

What is your foreigner policy?

Develop the three conditions for your Military


Conict Hypothesis

C.W. - 2nd trimester reection (250 word


minimum - 300 word max) uploaded to
Edmodo
Foreign Policy
Ask students with their partner to discuss, What is foreign policy?

Unit 3 is all about foreign policy?
How do you deal with other nations and what is your strategy for dealing with those nations.
What relationships do you keep?
What relationships do you avoid?

Foreign Policy
A government's strategy in
dealing with other nations.
Ask students with their partner to discuss, What is foreign policy?

Unit 3 is all about foreign policy?
How do you deal with other nations and what is your strategy for dealing with those nations.
What relationships do you keep?
What relationships do you avoid?

Foreign Policy
Relationships
Ask students with their partner to discuss, What is foreign policy?

Unit 3 is all about foreign policy?
How do you deal with other nations and what is your strategy for dealing with those nations.
What relationships do you keep?
What relationships do you avoid?

How do you deal
with others?
When do you decide to lead yourself into a conict?

You have a foreign policy when it comes to dealing with other people? Your foreign policy may be Do unto others as you would like them to do onto
you. An eye for an eye. A tooth for a tooth.
Do unto others as
you would like them
to do onto you.
When do you decide to lead yourself into a conict?

You have a foreign policy when it comes to dealing with other people? Your foreign policy may be Do unto others as you would like them to do onto
you. An eye for an eye. A tooth for a tooth.
An eye for an eye.
A tooth for a tooth.
When do you decide to lead yourself into a conict?

You have a foreign policy when it comes to dealing with other people? Your foreign policy may be Do unto others as you would like them to do onto
you. An eye for an eye. A tooth for a tooth.
What is your
foreigner policy?

They are in the high school cafeteria. While walking to their table, they overhear an argument that quickly turns into a ght. Ask the students what their "foreigner policy" would be in that instance. Would they intervene and try and break up the ght or would they choose to observe
and keep themselves isolated? Have each person in their group go around and explain what their policy would be.

Call on students individually to share with the class the decision they came too with regards to this situation. Did they choose to be isolated or to intervene? What were the conditions upon which they based their decision?

Moral
Personal/Community Safety
Relationship

What method would they use to intervene if they did intervene?
Physical
Verbal
Go ask for help

If they choose to remain isolated, what were the reasons why? Consequences of that decision?
Moral
Personal/Community Safety
Relationship

Isolationism or Intervention
-First entering the cafeteria.
- Observing a loud verbal altercation.
- Observing a physical scu"e between two people
- Do you get involved? Why? Do you stay out of the conict? For what reasons (self-preservation, lack of strength, possible new opportunities as a result of the ght outcome).
- What are the conditions of the circumstance that determine whether you get involved or not?

What are the positives and negatives of your choice?
Isolationism - Nobody comes and helps me when Im in trouble.
Intervention - Feel a moral call to action.

What does this mean historically? Would you have been a witness to the holocaust then? Civil rights movement?

They are in the high school cafeteria. While walking to their table, they overhear an argument that quickly turns into a ght. Ask the students what their "foreigner policy" would be in that instance. Would they intervene and try and break up the ght or would they choose to observe
and keep themselves isolated? Have each person in their group go around and explain what their policy would be.

Call on students individually to share with the class the decision they came too with regards to this situation. Did they choose to be isolated or to intervene? What were the conditions upon which they based their decision?

Moral
Personal/Community Safety
Relationship

What method would they use to intervene if they did intervene?
Physical
Verbal
Go ask for help

If they choose to remain isolated, what were the reasons why? Consequences of that decision?
Moral
Personal/Community Safety
Relationship

Isolationism or Intervention
-First entering the cafeteria.
- Observing a loud verbal altercation.
- Observing a physical scu"e between two people
- Do you get involved? Why? Do you stay out of the conict? For what reasons (self-preservation, lack of strength, possible new opportunities as a result of the ght outcome).
- What are the conditions of the circumstance that determine whether you get involved or not?

What are the positives and negatives of your choice?
Isolationism - Nobody comes and helps me when Im in trouble.
Intervention - Feel a moral call to action.

What does this mean historically? Would you have been a witness to the holocaust then? Civil rights movement?
Do you get involved or stay out of
the conict? Why?
What is your principal of action?

They are in the high school cafeteria. While walking to their table, they overhear an argument that quickly turns into a ght. Ask the students what their "foreigner policy" would be in that instance. Would they intervene and try and break up the ght or would they choose to observe
and keep themselves isolated? Have each person in their group go around and explain what their policy would be.

Call on students individually to share with the class the decision they came too with regards to this situation. Did they choose to be isolated or to intervene? What were the conditions upon which they based their decision?

Moral
Personal/Community Safety
Relationship

What method would they use to intervene if they did intervene?
Physical
Verbal
Go ask for help

If they choose to remain isolated, what were the reasons why? Consequences of that decision?
Moral
Personal/Community Safety
Relationship

Isolationism or Intervention
-First entering the cafeteria.
- Observing a loud verbal altercation.
- Observing a physical scu"e between two people
- Do you get involved? Why? Do you stay out of the conict? For what reasons (self-preservation, lack of strength, possible new opportunities as a result of the ght outcome).
- What are the conditions of the circumstance that determine whether you get involved or not?

What are the positives and negatives of your choice?
Isolationism - Nobody comes and helps me when Im in trouble.
Intervention - Feel a moral call to action.

What does this mean historically? Would you have been a witness to the holocaust then? Civil rights movement?
What is your
foreigner policy?
Have students who would intervene raise their hands. Ask them to identify what the conditions are of the situation that led them to get involved? Record student responses on the board.

Have students who would be isolated raise their hands. What were the conditions of the situation that choose them to stay out?

What is your
foreigner policy?
What are the conditions of the
circumstance that determine
whether you get involved or not?
Have students who would intervene raise their hands. Ask them to identify what the conditions are of the situation that led them to get involved? Record student responses on the board.

Have students who would be isolated raise their hands. What were the conditions of the situation that choose them to stay out?

What is your
foreigner policy?
What could be the positive and
negative consequences of your
choice?
Have students who would intervene raise their hands. Ask them to identify what the conditions are of the situation that led them to get involved? Record student responses on the board.

Have students who would be isolated raise their hands. What were the conditions of the situation that choose them to stay out?

Ask the students if their "foreigner policy" would change if they saw that one of the victims in the ght was really getting hurt and punished. After taking a few student responses, discuss how their conditions for intervention/isolationism are sometimes similar to the conditions nations
use when determining to intervene in conicts around the world (Arab Spring, Holocaust, North Korea, etc.). Explain to students the need to be able to identify and know the conditions that are necessary when deciding when to intervene oneself in a conict. That is why are next
essential question is the following, "When should the government lead its people into military conict?"
Ask the students if their "foreigner policy" would change if they saw that one of the victims in the ght was really getting hurt and punished. After taking a few student responses, discuss how their conditions for intervention/isolationism are sometimes similar to the conditions nations
use when determining to intervene in conicts around the world (Arab Spring, Holocaust, North Korea, etc.). Explain to students the need to be able to identify and know the conditions that are necessary when deciding when to intervene oneself in a conict. That is why are next
essential question is the following, "When should the government lead its people into military conict?"
Ask the students if their "foreigner policy" would change if they saw that one of the victims in the ght was really getting hurt and punished. After taking a few student responses, discuss how their conditions for intervention/isolationism are sometimes similar to the conditions nations
use when determining to intervene in conicts around the world (Arab Spring, Holocaust, North Korea, etc.). Explain to students the need to be able to identify and know the conditions that are necessary when deciding when to intervene oneself in a conict. That is why are next
essential question is the following, "When should the government lead its people into military conict?"
Ask the students if their "foreigner policy" would change if they saw that one of the victims in the ght was really getting hurt and punished. After taking a few student responses, discuss how their conditions for intervention/isolationism are sometimes similar to the conditions nations
use when determining to intervene in conicts around the world (Arab Spring, Holocaust, North Korea, etc.). Explain to students the need to be able to identify and know the conditions that are necessary when deciding when to intervene oneself in a conict. That is why are next
essential question is the following, "When should the government lead its people into military conict?"
Ask the students if their "foreigner policy" would change if they saw that one of the victims in the ght was really getting hurt and punished. After taking a few student responses, discuss how their conditions for intervention/isolationism are sometimes similar to the conditions nations
use when determining to intervene in conicts around the world (Arab Spring, Holocaust, North Korea, etc.). Explain to students the need to be able to identify and know the conditions that are necessary when deciding when to intervene oneself in a conict. That is why are next
essential question is the following, "When should the government lead its people into military conict?"
Ask the students if their "foreigner policy" would change if they saw that one of the victims in the ght was really getting hurt and punished. After taking a few student responses, discuss how their conditions for intervention/isolationism are sometimes similar to the conditions nations
use when determining to intervene in conicts around the world (Arab Spring, Holocaust, North Korea, etc.). Explain to students the need to be able to identify and know the conditions that are necessary when deciding when to intervene oneself in a conict. That is why are next
essential question is the following, "When should the government lead its people into military conict?"
A nations foreign policy is what often determines whether or not a government will lead its people into military conict. The question you have to
determine as a citizen of this country is when is it justiable or not for the government to make that choice.

Foreign policy is important to study in order to bring awareness to this countrys actions outside of the U.S. to perhaps help us understand why certain
nations may not have the same opinion of us as we have of ourselves. (9/11 -- Why did they attack us?)

Same way you are at home (domestically) with your parents may be di#erent than what you do when you are away in other places. Your parents see you as
a perfect child until that one day when they get the call from another parent, school, or jail informing them of your actions. Parents realize that you may
not be as innocent or perfect as you seem.
When should a
government lead its
people into military
conict?
A nations foreign policy is what often determines whether or not a government will lead its people into military conict. The question you have to
determine as a citizen of this country is when is it justiable or not for the government to make that choice.

Foreign policy is important to study in order to bring awareness to this countrys actions outside of the U.S. to perhaps help us understand why certain
nations may not have the same opinion of us as we have of ourselves. (9/11 -- Why did they attack us?)

Same way you are at home (domestically) with your parents may be di#erent than what you do when you are away in other places. Your parents see you as
a perfect child until that one day when they get the call from another parent, school, or jail informing them of your actions. Parents realize that you may
not be as innocent or perfect as you seem.
Military
Conict
Hypothesis
Notebook Heading:
In your notebook, write down the heading Military Conict Theory. Under the heading write down the three conditions you would use personally for deciding if the government was justied in leading people into military conict.

After students have written down their three reasons, have them nd another partner in the room to compare their list too. Have three partner exchanges with one of the exchanges being with someone of the opposite gender.

Once students go back to their desk, have them verify their list. Then ask tell them the following, Understand that the three conditions you are writing down right now are the three conditions upon which you would be giving your life to serve if your government called you into action.
If there is a condition on that list you would not want to risk your life and die for, then you cant have it on your list. Its not fair to send someone else to go ght and die for a cause that you yourself would not be willing to ght and die for as well.
With the people at your table, discuss the conditions that justify the government leading its people into military conict.
What should be the conditions for deciding whether or
not the government should lead its people into military
conict?
With the people at your table, discuss the conditions that justify the government leading its people into military conict.
Military Conict Hypothesis
The conditions upon which a
government is justied in leading its
people into military conict are....?


In your notebook, write down the heading Military Conict Hypothesis. Under the heading write down the three conditions you would use personally for deciding if the government was justied in leading people into military conict.

After students have written down their three reasons, have them nd another partner in the room to compare their list too. Have three partner exchanges with one of the exchanges being with someone of the opposite gender.

Once students go back to their desk, have them verify their list. Then ask tell them the following, Understand that the three conditions you are writing down right now are the three conditions upon which you would be giving your life to serve if your government called you into action.
If there is a condition on that list you would not want to risk your life and die for, then you cant have it on your list. Its not fair to send someone else to go ght and die for a cause that you yourself would not be willing to ght and die for as well.
Is the American gov't justied to lead the American people into military conict as a result of this incident? Yes or No.
Based on what condition in your Military Conict Hypothesis is the American gov't justied?
Yes...we needed to get Osama Bin Laden who attacked us on 9/11 so we went to war in Afghanistan. That is true, but we also went to war in Iraq to get
this man, Hussein, who had nothing to do with the attacks on 9/11.

Based on the actions in this photo, is the U.S. government justied in leading its people into military conict?

Review the Bush Doctrine. How does your military contract theory guide you in this circumstance? Was the governments decision to leads its people into
military conict justied? Does your military conict theory support or oppose the Bush doctrine? How? Why?

Is the American gov't justied to lead the American people into military conict as a result of this incident? Yes or No.
Based on what condition in your Military Conict Hypothesis is the American gov't justied?
Yes...we needed to get Osama Bin Laden who attacked us on 9/11 so we went to war in Afghanistan. That is true, but we also went to war in Iraq to get
this man, Hussein, who had nothing to do with the attacks on 9/11.

Based on the actions in this photo, is the U.S. government justied in leading its people into military conict?

Review the Bush Doctrine. How does your military contract theory guide you in this circumstance? Was the governments decision to leads its people into
military conict justied? Does your military conict theory support or oppose the Bush doctrine? How? Why?

Bush Doctrine handout
preemptively
Designed or having the
power to deter or
prevent an anticipated
situation or occurrence.
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bush_Doctrine
We cannot defend America...by hoping for
the best....If we wait for threats to fully
materialize, we will have waited too long...our
security will require all Americans to be ready
for preemptive action when necessary to
defend our liberty and to defend our lives.
- George Bush
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bush_Doctrine
Saddam Hussein, dictator of Iraq was considered a possible threat to the U.S.

This was due to the fact that it was thought he possessed weapons of mass destruction that could be used to hurt the U.S.

As a result, the Bush doctrine went into e#ect and the decision was made to lead America into military conict against Sadaam

That decision has consequences..1) code of blood and treasury 2) civilian deaths 3) protests at home 4) reward of getting the dictator

Saddam Hussein, dictator of Iraq was considered a possible threat to the U.S.

This was due to the fact that it was thought he possessed weapons of mass destruction that could be used to hurt the U.S.

As a result, the Bush doctrine went into e#ect and the decision was made to lead America into military conict against Sadaam

That decision has consequences..1) code of blood and treasury 2) civilian deaths 3) protests at home 4) reward of getting the dictator

Saddam Hussein, dictator of Iraq was considered a possible threat to the U.S.

This was due to the fact that it was thought he possessed weapons of mass destruction that could be used to hurt the U.S.

As a result, the Bush doctrine went into e#ect and the decision was made to lead America into military conict against Sadaam

That decision has consequences..1) code of blood and treasury 2) civilian deaths 3) protests at home 4) reward of getting the dictator

Saddam Hussein, dictator of Iraq was considered a possible threat to the U.S.

This was due to the fact that it was thought he possessed weapons of mass destruction that could be used to hurt the U.S.

As a result, the Bush doctrine went into e#ect and the decision was made to lead America into military conict against Sadaam

That decision has consequences..1) code of blood and treasury 2) civilian deaths 3) protests at home 4) reward of getting the dictator

Saddam Hussein, dictator of Iraq was considered a possible threat to the U.S.

This was due to the fact that it was thought he possessed weapons of mass destruction that could be used to hurt the U.S.

As a result, the Bush doctrine went into e#ect and the decision was made to lead America into military conict against Sadaam

That decision has consequences..1) code of blood and treasury 2) civilian deaths 3) protests at home 4) reward of getting the dictator

Saddam Hussein, dictator of Iraq was considered a possible threat to the U.S.

This was due to the fact that it was thought he possessed weapons of mass destruction that could be used to hurt the U.S.

As a result, the Bush doctrine went into e#ect and the decision was made to lead America into military conict against Sadaam

That decision has consequences..1) code of blood and treasury 2) civilian deaths 3) protests at home 4) reward of getting the dictator

Saddam Hussein, dictator of Iraq was considered a possible threat to the U.S.

This was due to the fact that it was thought he possessed weapons of mass destruction that could be used to hurt the U.S.

As a result, the Bush doctrine went into e#ect and the decision was made to lead America into military conict against Sadaam

That decision has consequences..1) code of blood and treasury 2) civilian deaths 3) protests at home 4) reward of getting the dictator

Saddam Hussein, dictator of Iraq was considered a possible threat to the U.S.

This was due to the fact that it was thought he possessed weapons of mass destruction that could be used to hurt the U.S.

As a result, the Bush doctrine went into e#ect and the decision was made to lead America into military conict against Sadaam

That decision has consequences..1) code of blood and treasury 2) civilian deaths 3) protests at home 4) reward of getting the dictator

Saddam Hussein, dictator of Iraq was considered a possible threat to the U.S.

This was due to the fact that it was thought he possessed weapons of mass destruction that could be used to hurt the U.S.

As a result, the Bush doctrine went into e#ect and the decision was made to lead America into military conict against Sadaam

That decision has consequences..1) code of blood and treasury 2) civilian deaths 3) protests at home 4) reward of getting the dictator

Materials: Notebook, textbook, writing


utensil

American Foreign Policy (1778 - 1796) DBQ

H.W. - Complete DBQ questions #1 - 6 in


your notebook
Agenda
When should a
government lead its
people into military
conict?
A nations foreign policy is what often determines whether or not a government will lead its people into military conict. The question you have to
determine as a citizen of this country is when is it justiable or not for the government to make that choice.
Military
Conict
Hypothesis
Notebook Heading:
In your notebook, write down the heading Military Conict Theory. Under the heading write down the three conditions you would use personally for
deciding if the government was justied in leading people into military conict.

After students have written down their three reasons, have them nd another partner in the room to compare their list too. Have three partner exchanges
with one of the exchanges being with someone of the opposite gender.

Once students go back to their desk, have them verify their list. Then ask tell them the following, Understand that the three conditions you are writing
down right now are the three conditions upon which you would be giving your life to serve if your government called you into action. If there is a condition
on that list you would not want to risk your life and die for, then you cant have it on your list. Its not fair to send someone else to go ght and die for a
cause that you yourself would not be willing to ght and die for as well.
Military Conict Hypothesis
The conditions upon which the
government is justied in leading its
people into military conict are....?


What we now need to do is gather historical evidence that can be used to support your hypothesis.
Notebook Heading
American Foreign
Policy
(1778 - 1796) DBQ
D.B.Q.
Document Based Question
Notebook Heading
Read American Foreign Policy DBQ Front page

Have students
Close Reading
Meticulous gathering and questioning of facts along with a
careful analysis as to what the facts lead up to.
DBQs require you to do a slow, close read (http://www.shanahanonliteracy.com/2012/06/what-is-close-reading.html)

Close reading requires a substantial emphasis on readers figuring out a high quality text. This "figuring out" is accomplished primarily by reading and discussing the text (as opposed to being told about the text by a teacher or being informed about it
through some textbook commentary). Because challenging texts do not give up their meanings easily, it is essential that readers re-read such texts (not all texts are worth close reading). A first reading is about figuring out what a text says. It is purely
an issue of reading comprehension. Thus, if someone is reading a story, he/should be able to retell the plot; if someone is reading a science chapter, he/she should be able to answer questions about the key ideas and details of the text.

However, close reading requires that one go further than this. A second reading would, thus, focus on figuring out how this text worked. How did the author organize it? What literary devices were used and how effective were they? What was the quality
of the evidence? If data were presented, how was that done? Why did the author choose this word or that word? Was the meaning of a key term consistent or did it change across the text? This second reading might be a total re-reading or a partial and
targeted re-reading of key portions, but it would not be aimed at just determining what the text said (that would have already been accomplished by this point).

Finally, with the information gleaned from the first two readings, a reader is ready to carry out a third readinggoing even deeper. What does this text mean? What was the authors point? What does it have to say to me about my life or my world? How
do I evaluate the quality of this workaesthetically, substantively? How does this text connect to other texts I know? By waiting until we have a deep understanding of a text of what it says and how it workswe are then in the right position
intellectually and ethically to critically evaluate (valuing) a text and for connecting its ideas and approach with other texts.

Thus, close reading is an intensive analysis of a text in order to come to terms with what it says, how it says it, and what it means. In one sense I agree with those who say that close reading is about more than comprehension or about something
different than comprehension, since it takes one beyond just figuring out an authors stated and implied message. On the other hand, many definitions of reading comprehension include more than just determining a stated and implied message; such
definitions include the full range of Blooms taxonomy in ones thinking about and use of a text. If one subscribes to such definitions of comprehension, then close reading is just a description of a process one uses to arrive at such comprehension.
Primary Source Analysis
What do we learn from the title of the document and the date?

Document 4
Primary Source Analysis
Step 1 - Examination
Figure out possible clues as to the context of the
document by identifying the title, date(s) and
author(s) of the document.


What do we learn from the title of the document and the date?

Document 4
Primary Source Analysis
Step 1 - Examination
Figure out possible clues as to the context of the
document by identifying the title, date(s) and
author(s) of the document.


What do we learn from the title of the document and the date?

Document 4
Treaty of Alliance Between the
United States & France

February 6, 1778
[Document #1
What is an alliance?
What do we know is happening in and around America in 1778?
Turn to Hart 92 - 95
1. In your own words, describe the
deal the United States and France
entered into in Document 1.
What is an alliance?
What do we know is happening in and around America in 1778?
Turn to Hart 92 - 95
Analyze the contributions of France to Americas ght for independence.
Hart 94 - After the Battle of Saratoga, France comes in and gives assistance to the U.S.
Hart 95 - Contribution of Marquis de Lafayette

Hart 100 - Treaty of Paris signed in France
Hart 100 - Picture caption showing Frances revolution and the consequences of France LEADING ITS PEOPLE INTO MILITARY CONFLICT (Goes into debt
similar to the way Great Britain did after ghting the French during the French and Indian War. How does a govt get out of debt? Similar consequences?)
1778 - Treaty of Alliance between France & the U.S.
Signed after the American victory at the Battle of Saratoga (History Alive pg. 94).
Marquis de Lafayette
(Hart 95)
Close Reading
Meticulous gathering and questioning of facts along with a
careful analysis as to what the facts lead up to.
DBQs require you to do a slow, close read (http://www.shanahanonliteracy.com/2012/06/what-is-close-reading.html)

Close reading requires a substantial emphasis on readers figuring out a high quality text. This "figuring out" is accomplished primarily by reading and discussing the text (as opposed to being told about the text by a teacher or being informed about it
through some textbook commentary). Because challenging texts do not give up their meanings easily, it is essential that readers re-read such texts (not all texts are worth close reading). A first reading is about figuring out what a text says. It is purely
an issue of reading comprehension. Thus, if someone is reading a story, he/should be able to retell the plot; if someone is reading a science chapter, he/she should be able to answer questions about the key ideas and details of the text.

However, close reading requires that one go further than this. A second reading would, thus, focus on figuring out how this text worked. How did the author organize it? What literary devices were used and how effective were they? What was the quality
of the evidence? If data were presented, how was that done? Why did the author choose this word or that word? Was the meaning of a key term consistent or did it change across the text? This second reading might be a total re-reading or a partial and
targeted re-reading of key portions, but it would not be aimed at just determining what the text said (that would have already been accomplished by this point).

Finally, with the information gleaned from the first two readings, a reader is ready to carry out a third readinggoing even deeper. What does this text mean? What was the authors point? What does it have to say to me about my life or my world? How
do I evaluate the quality of this workaesthetically, substantively? How does this text connect to other texts I know? By waiting until we have a deep understanding of a text of what it says and how it workswe are then in the right position
intellectually and ethically to critically evaluate (valuing) a text and for connecting its ideas and approach with other texts.

Thus, close reading is an intensive analysis of a text in order to come to terms with what it says, how it says it, and what it means. In one sense I agree with those who say that close reading is about more than comprehension or about something
different than comprehension, since it takes one beyond just figuring out an authors stated and implied message. On the other hand, many definitions of reading comprehension include more than just determining a stated and implied message; such
definitions include the full range of Blooms taxonomy in ones thinking about and use of a text. If one subscribes to such definitions of comprehension, then close reading is just a description of a process one uses to arrive at such comprehension.
Primary Source Analysis
Document 4
Primary Source Analysis
Step 1 - Examination
Figure out possible clues as to the context of the
document by identifying the title, date(s) and
author(s) of the document.


Document 4
Primary Source Analysis
Step 1 - Examination
Figure out possible clues as to the context of the
document by identifying the title, date(s) and
author(s) of the document.


Document 4
Treaty of Amity and Commerce
Between the United States and
France

February 6, 1778

Art. 6
[Document #2]
With DBQs, its important that you dont do them like math problems where you move from one to another. There often tend to be hidden clues in the
relationship between the documents as well. For example, what connection do you nd between the title of document #2 and document #1?
2. What is the main idea of Art. 6
in Document 2?
What is an alliance?
What do we know is happening in and around America in 1778?
Turn to Hart 92 - 95
3. What do Document 1 and
Document 2 together tell you
about the relationship between
France and the United States in
1778?
What is an alliance?
What do we know is happening in and around America in 1778?
Turn to Hart 92 - 95
Analyze the contributions of France to Americas ght for independence.
Hart 94 - After the Battle of Saratoga, France comes in and gives assistance to the U.S.
Hart 95 - Contribution of Marquis de Lafayette
Hart 99 - Map showing French troops and ships trapping the British at Yorktown
Hart 100 - Treaty of Paris signed in France
Hart 100 - Picture caption showing Frances revolution and the consequences of France LEADING ITS PEOPLE INTO MILITARY CONFLICT (Goes into debt
similar to the way Great Britain did after ghting the French during the French and Indian War. How does a govt get out of debt? Similar consequences?)
(Hart 99)
Analyze the contributions of France to Americas ght for independence.
Hart 94 - After the Battle of Saratoga, France comes in and gives assistance to the U.S.
Hart 95 - Contribution of Marquis de Lafayette
Hart 99 - Map showing French troops and ships trapping the British at Yorktown
Hart 100 - Treaty of Paris signed in France
Hart 100 - Picture caption showing Frances revolution and the consequences of France LEADING ITS PEOPLE INTO MILITARY CONFLICT (Goes into debt
similar to the way Great Britain did after ghting the French during the French and Indian War. How does a govt get out of debt? Similar consequences?)
(Hart 99)
Analyze the contributions of France to Americas ght for independence.
Hart 94 - After the Battle of Saratoga, France comes in and gives assistance to the U.S.
Hart 95 - Contribution of Marquis de Lafayette
Hart 99 - Map showing French troops and ships trapping the British at Yorktown
Hart 100 - Treaty of Paris signed in France
Hart 100 - Picture caption showing Frances revolution and the consequences of France LEADING ITS PEOPLE INTO MILITARY CONFLICT (Goes into debt
similar to the way Great Britain did after ghting the French during the French and Indian War. How does a govt get out of debt? Similar consequences?)
Treaty of Paris 1783
Analyze the contributions of France to Americas ght for independence.
Hart 94 - After the Battle of Saratoga, France comes in and gives assistance to the U.S.
Hart 95 - Contribution of Marquis de Lafayette
Hart 99 - Map showing French troops and ships trapping the British at Yorktown
Hart 100 - Treaty of Paris signed in France
Hart 100 - Picture caption showing Frances revolution and the consequences of France LEADING ITS PEOPLE INTO MILITARY CONFLICT (Goes into debt
similar to the way Great Britain did after ghting the French during the French and Indian War. How does a govt get out of debt? Similar consequences?)
What factors led the
French navy to begin
attacking American
merchant ships bound
for Britain in 1796?
What could be the reasoning behind George Washingtons proclamation of neutrality?
BREAK
What could be the reasoning behind George Washingtons proclamation of neutrality?
What could be the reasoning behind George Washingtons proclamation of neutrality?

Hart 100 - Picture caption showing Frances revolution and the consequences of France LEADING ITS PEOPLE INTO MILITARY CONFLICT (Goes into debt similar to the way Great Britain did after ghting
the French during the French and Indian War. How does a govt get out of debt? Similar consequences?)
French Revolution 1789

Hart 100 - Picture caption showing Frances revolution and the consequences of France LEADING ITS PEOPLE INTO MILITARY CONFLICT (Goes into debt similar to the way Great Britain did after ghting
the French during the French and Indian War. How does a govt get out of debt? Similar consequences?)
French Revolution 1789
They [Americans] are the
hope of the human race;
they may well become its
model.
(Hart 100)

Hart 100 - Picture caption showing Frances revolution and the consequences of France LEADING ITS PEOPLE INTO MILITARY CONFLICT (Goes into debt similar to the way Great Britain did after ghting
the French during the French and Indian War. How does a govt get out of debt? Similar consequences?)
1793 - France declares war on Great Britain
DBQ Question #4 - What do you think is Frances expectation of the United States when it declares war against Great Britain?
Analysis
1793 - France declares war on Great Britain
DBQ Question #4 - What do you think is Frances expectation of the United States when it declares war against Great Britain?
Military Conict Hypothesis
The THREE conditions upon which the
government is justied in leading its people into
military conict are....?
Based on your Military Conict Theory, how many of you have a condition to enter into military conict based on relationships or alliances with other
nations?

Military Conict Hypothesis
The THREE conditions upon which the
government is justied in leading its people into
military conict are....?

Relationship - If an ally of our country needs


help.
Based on your Military Conict Theory, how many of you have a condition to enter into military conict based on relationships or alliances with other
nations?

Agenda

Materials: Notebook, writing utensil, laptop

2nd trimester ends March 7th

Complete American Foreign Policy (1778 -


1796) DBQ

What factors led France to attack American


merchant ships in 1796?

H.W. - None
Foreign Policy

Foreign Policy
A government's strategy in
dealing with other nations.

Foreign Policy
Relationships

1778 - Treaty of Alliance between France & the U.S.
Signed after the American victory at the Battle of Saratoga (History Alive pg. 94).
What foreign policy did France adopt in 1793?
Military Conict Hypothesis
The THREE conditions upon which the
government is justied in leading its people into
military conict are....?
Based on your Military Conict Theory, how many of you have a condition to enter into military conict based on relationships or alliances with other
nations?

Military Conict Hypothesis
The THREE conditions upon which the
government is justied in leading its people into
military conict are....?

Relationship - If an ally of our country needs


help.
Based on your Military Conict Theory, how many of you have a condition to enter into military conict based on relationships or alliances with other
nations?

A Proclamation by the President
of the United States

George Washington
April 22, 1793
[Document #4]
What clues do we gain from the title, date, and author of this document that may help us to better understand the document itself.

Proclamation - a public or o$cial announcement, esp. one dealing with a matter of great importance made by George Washington in the same year that
France has gone to war with Great Britain.
[Document #4]
What clues do we gain from the title, date, and author of this document that may help us to better understand the document itself.

Proclamation - a public or o$cial announcement, esp. one dealing with a matter of great importance made by George Washington in the same year that
France has gone to war with Great Britain.
pursue a conduct friendly and
impartial toward the belligerent
Powers.
[Document #4]
What clues do we gain from the title, date, and author of this document that may help us to better understand the document itself.

Proclamation - a public or o$cial announcement, esp. one dealing with a matter of great importance made by George Washington in the same year that
France has gone to war with Great Britain.
[Document #4]
warn the citizens of the
United States to carefully avoid
all acts and proceedings
whatsoever, which may
[conict] such disposition.
What clues do we gain from the title, date, and author of this document that may help us to better understand the document itself.

Proclamation - a public or o$cial announcement, esp. one dealing with a matter of great importance made by George Washington in the same year that
France has gone to war with Great Britain.
The man whose army was getting kicked around by the British until France helped with military aid, counsel (Marquis de Lafayette), ships, etc.

The man, who is president only because of Frances help to him during the American Revolution.
The United States
declares itself
neutral in the
current conict
between France &
Great Britain.
The man whose army was getting kicked around by the British until France helped with military aid, counsel (Marquis de Lafayette), ships, etc.

The man, who is president only because of Frances help to him during the American Revolution.
The United States
declares itself
neutral in the
current conict
between France &
Great Britain.
Neutrality - A policy of not choosing sides in a war
or dispute between other countries.

[Hart 163]
The man whose army was getting kicked around by the British until France helped with military aid, counsel (Marquis de Lafayette), ships, etc.

The man, who is president only because of Frances help to him during the American Revolution.
What feelings might France have towards the United States as a result of document #4 (George Washingtons Proclamation)

Have students compare their analysis response to the samples of students from past years (American Foreign Policy 1778 - 1796 Student Responses)
The Jay Treaty

November 19, 1794
[Document #5]
What clues do we gain from the title, date, and author of this document that may help us to better understand the document itself.

Proclamation - a public or o$cial announcement, esp. one dealing with a matter of great importance.
Photo by:
http://
www.irwinator
.com/
126/02.jpg
Notice the forts built in the French territory of this map. Also see the strategic location of the Ohio R. as it cuts thru the midwest and connects to the Mississippi River
which outlets into the Gulf of Mexico.

Handout -- 1st and 2nd paragraph
Challenge #1
Military Weakness
Challenge #1
Internal Insurrection - Parents cant keep dangerous people out of your home.
Challenge #1
Military Weakness
F
A
I
L
Challenge #1
Internal Insurrection - Parents cant keep dangerous people out of your home.
What was Washingtons military conict theory?

Young nation not wanting to go back and ght?
Hes a Federalist who favors relations with Great Britain and not with France (Ideal Economy Hart 150)
WHY...
What was Washingtons military conict theory?

Young nation not wanting to go back and ght?
Hes a Federalist who favors relations with Great Britain and not with France (Ideal Economy Hart 150)
WHY...
would President Washington support a treaty with
Great Britain in 1794?
What was Washingtons military conict theory?

Young nation not wanting to go back and ght?
Hes a Federalist who favors relations with Great Britain and not with France (Ideal Economy Hart 150)
Political Party
Philosophy
Federalists
Republicans

Strong state governments.

Pro-farmer, anti-national bank

Pro-French

Strict interpretation of the
Constitution.

People by nature are good.

Powerful central government

Pro-manufacturing, pro-national bank

Pro-British

Loose interpretation of the
Constitution

People are scoundrels by nature
!"#$%&' '"#)$* +,-. $%)/0 1)&/*
Washingtons Farewell Address
September 17th 1796
Document #6
What is your argument? Based on your historical study and investigation, what are the two main reasons as to why France made the decision to lead its
people into military conict by attacking American merchant ships in 1796
What is your argument? Based on your historical study and investigation, what are the two main reasons as to why France made the decision to lead its
people into military conict by attacking American merchant ships in 1796
What factors led the
French navy to begin
attacking American
merchant ships bound
for Britain in 1796?
What is your argument? Based on your historical study and investigation, what are the two main reasons as to why France made the decision to lead its
people into military conict by attacking American merchant ships in 1796

Materials: Notebook, writing utensil, laptop


(dmwiki.reedschools.org)

Create Military Conict Hypothesis blog


post

Review American Foreign Policy outline


format and responses

H.W. - DBQ outline response due to


Edmodo by midnight tonight. Paper print out
of outline due block day before class
Agenda
Military Conict Hypothesis
List at least three conditions upon which you
believe a government is justied in leading its
people into military conict.

3/4/14

Condition 1:
Condition 2:
Condition 3:
Tag: armstrong history 8
What we now need to do is gather historical evidence that can be used to support your hypothesis.
What is your argument? Based on your historical study and investigation, what are the two main reasons as to why France made the decision to lead its people into military conict by attacking
American merchant ships in 1796.

Pass out student sample and go over the points introduced in the thesis. Then proceed to examine the rst Point in body paragraph one. Is the rst reason they o#ered in their thesis the same as the
one introduced in body paragraph #1? Is it a single sentence.

Evidence a direct quote with a proper in-text citation. If we dont know the author its the title and its in quotes with a period at the end of the quote.

Expectation now going into third trimester is that these are automatic and are clearly known and understood how to do.
What factors led the
French navy to begin
attacking American
merchant ships bound
for Britain in 1796?
What is your argument? Based on your historical study and investigation, what are the two main reasons as to why France made the decision to lead its people into military conict by attacking
American merchant ships in 1796.

Pass out student sample and go over the points introduced in the thesis. Then proceed to examine the rst Point in body paragraph one. Is the rst reason they o#ered in their thesis the same as the
one introduced in body paragraph #1? Is it a single sentence.

Evidence a direct quote with a proper in-text citation. If we dont know the author its the title and its in quotes with a period at the end of the quote.

Expectation now going into third trimester is that these are automatic and are clearly known and understood how to do.
Explanation
vs.
Argumentation
Im going to show you two sentences associated with this clown. I want you to tell me which one is an explanation and which one is an argument. What
makes them di#erent? What distinguishes an explanation from an argument? One is objective the other is subjective.
George ed when a clown
appeared.
Im going to show you two sentences associated with this clown. I want you to tell me which one is an explanation and which one is an argument. What
makes them di#erent? What distinguishes an explanation from an argument? One is objective the other is subjective.
George ed when a clown
appeared.
George is afraid of clowns.
Im going to show you two sentences associated with this clown. I want you to tell me which one is an explanation and which one is an argument. What
makes them di#erent? What distinguishes an explanation from an argument? One is objective the other is subjective.
When you are ghting with your sibling about something and either mom or dad intervenes, do you give an explanation or an argument rst?

Mom and dad say no, no, nothey dont want your argument rst. They rst just want to know.
The facts of what happened so they can make a judgement, decision, argument about what needs to be done..

So before we get into the students argument, we rst need to know the basic facts associated with the quote. We need more background information and
to know better the context of the quote.
What
happened?
The facts of what happened so they can make a judgement, decision, argument about what needs to be done..

So before we get into the students argument, we rst need to know the basic facts associated with the quote. We need more background information and
to know better the context of the quote.
3.This quote shows how France and America
signed a treaty saying that they would not go
to war against each other, and if either
country happened to go to war, then the
other countries would defend them with all
of their forces.
Be objectivejust state the facts as you know them.
Who - France and America
What - Signed a treaty
When - ?
Where - ?
Why - America was at war against Frances enemy Britain in a ght to gain their independence. How.was the treaty important? France supported America
with troops and ships and as a result, America was able to defeat Great Britain and gain its independence.

In 1778 during America's Revolution against
Great Britain, France and America entered into an
alliance in which both sides agreed not to go to
war against each other. The Treaty of Alliance
also said that both countries would help to
defend the other with their forces if either
country happened to go to war. As a result of
this treaty, France sent important military troops,
o$cers, weapons, and naval ships to the
Americans.
In 1778 during America's revolution against Great Britain, France and America entered into an alliance. With the help of French troops, o$cers, and naval
ships, the United States was able to overcome very long odds and defeat Great Britain. As a result, it was able to achieve its independence as a nation.
So what? How does this explain why the French navy would begin attacking American merchant ships
bound for Britain in 1796.
So what?
So what? How does this explain why the French navy would begin attacking American merchant ships
bound for Britain in 1796.
4. With this evidence, I can understand why
France would be upset with America.
America broke the Treaty of Alliance by
not supporting France during their war
with Britain.
No personal pronouns and delete the rst part of this answer.
In 1793 France went to war against Great
Britain. As a result of the Treaty of Alliance in
1778, France expected the United States to
ally with them and help in the ght. Instead,
America and its president George
Washington declared neutrality and militarily
abandoned France in her time of need.
No personal pronouns and delete the rst part of this answer.
Explanation - Two to three
objective sentences (Who, What,
When, Where, Why, How) meant
to inform
Argument - Two to three
subjective sentences meant to
persuade
Outline Reminders

Enter name and class period at the top of the page

Replace red text with black text

No personal pronouns (I, my, etc.)

Concise Point and Historical Evidence quote(s)

Explanation provided for each Historical Evidence


quote

Neat and properly formatted outline (consistent


font, text size, numbering, indentations, etc.)

Materials: Notebook, writing utensil,


textbook, laptop

President Washingtons Foreign Policy

Analyzing the foreign policy of John Adamss

H.W. - American Foreign Policy graphic


organizer > John Adams
Agenda
Foreign Policy
We said foreign policy is a nations strategy for dealing with other nations. In 1796, France makes the strategic decision to lead its people into military conict against America and begins to attack American merchant ships.
Foreign Policy
Relationships
We said foreign policy is a nations strategy for dealing with other nations. In 1796, France makes the strategic decision to lead its people into military conict against America and begins to attack American merchant ships.
Foreign Policy
A government's strategy in
dealing with other nations.
We said foreign policy is a nations strategy for dealing with other nations. In 1796, France makes the strategic decision to lead its people into military conict against America and begins to attack American merchant ships.
When should a
government lead its
people into military
conict?
We have been looking at the very, very nd details of history (treaties, proclamations, to farewell addresses). Today I want to pull you up from the weeds
and remind you of the big picture.
In conclusion, for you what were the factors that lead France to make the decision to lead its people into military conict?

a) Anger b/c America declared neutrality rather than help France in its war with Great Britain
b) b) Bitterness b/c America pursued peace with Great Britain with the Jay Treaty w/o the consent of France c
c) ) Jay Treaty event stipulates that no acts of hostility or violence will be done against each other

Are anger and bitterness good reasons for a nation to enter into military conict.
What factors led the
French navy to begin
attacking American
merchant ships bound
for Britain in 1796?
In conclusion, for you what were the factors that lead France to make the decision to lead its people into military conict?

a) Anger b/c America declared neutrality rather than help France in its war with Great Britain
b) b) Bitterness b/c America pursued peace with Great Britain with the Jay Treaty w/o the consent of France c
c) ) Jay Treaty event stipulates that no acts of hostility or violence will be done against each other

Are anger and bitterness good reasons for a nation to enter into military conict.
Soit was because of the condition that there was a nation/group of people adding an enemy with supplies. Those were the conditions upon which France
made the strategic decision to lead its people into military conict.
Soit was because of the condition that there was a nation/group of people adding an enemy with supplies. Those were the conditions upon which France
made the strategic decision to lead its people into military conict.
On the other side of the coin, what were the conditions that led George Washington to not lead the American people into military conict?
What were the conditions that led
George Washington to NOT lead his
people into military conict?
On the other side of the coin, what were the conditions that led George Washington to not lead the American people into military conict?
Military Conict Hypothesis
The conditions upon which a government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?

Relationship - If an ally of our country needs


help.

After allthere was a relationship had between the U.S. and France. But
Military Conict Hypothesis
The conditions upon which a government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?

Relationship - If an ally of our country needs


help.
1778 - Treaty of Alliance Between the United
States and France

After allthere was a relationship had between the U.S. and France. But
So why would Washington come to this conclusion? Weve made some predictions based on the evidence weve come across..
WHY...
So why would Washington come to this conclusion? Weve made some predictions based on the evidence weve come across..
WHY...
would President Washington NOT lead the
American people into military conict to aid
France in 1793?
So why would Washington come to this conclusion? Weve made some predictions based on the evidence weve come across..
Treaty of Alliance Between the
United States & France
February 6, 1778
What clues from document one may help us to understand why Washington may say NO?
during the continuance of the
present War between the United
States and England
Treaty of Alliance Between the
United States & France
February 6, 1778
What clues from document one may help us to understand why Washington may say NO?
Treaty of Alliance Between the
United States & France
February 6, 1778
What clues from document one may help us to understand why Washington may say NO?
Political Party
Philosophy
Federalists
Republicans

Strong state governments.

Pro-farmer, anti-national bank

Pro-French

Strict interpretation of the
Constitution.

People by nature are good.

Powerful central government

Pro-manufacturing, pro-national bank

Pro-British

Loose interpretation of the
Constitution

People are scoundrels by nature
23#% '")*$ +,-. %3&$ $"&/* .#0 3*"4 )$ %- )5/*,$%#5/ 630 2#$3&51%-5 $#&/ 789
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/118798/Citizen-Genet-A#air

Read Hart 154

Arriving in Charleston, S.C., on April 8, Gent immediately began commissioning privateers and making plans to use U.S. ports for a campaign against British commerce. He also began organizing American-based expeditions intended to attack Spanish and British
territories. Heartened by the warm pro-French sentiment he encountered en route to Philadelphia, Gent was shocked to learn that President George Washington considered his privateering plans and other proposed military activities an infringement of U.S. national
sovereignty.
Gent promised that the privateers he had commissioned would no longer send their prizes to U.S. ports and that they would leave American waters. When he broke his word by authorizing the arming and dispatching of the prize ship Little Sarah (refitted as La Petite
Dmocrate), Washington and his cabinet demanded Gents recall. With the radical Jacobins newly in power in France, his arrest was ordered, and he faced possible death if he returned home. Washington declined to extradite him, and in 1794 Gent married a daughter
of Governor George Clinton of New York. He subsequently became a U.S. citizen.
April 8th 1793 - Citizen Genet travels to the U.S. to
convince Americans to join the war against Great Britain.
(Hart 154)
http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/118798/Citizen-Genet-A#air

Read Hart 154

Arriving in Charleston, S.C., on April 8, Gent immediately began commissioning privateers and making plans to use U.S. ports for a campaign against British commerce. He also began organizing American-based expeditions intended to attack Spanish and British
territories. Heartened by the warm pro-French sentiment he encountered en route to Philadelphia, Gent was shocked to learn that President George Washington considered his privateering plans and other proposed military activities an infringement of U.S. national
sovereignty.
Gent promised that the privateers he had commissioned would no longer send their prizes to U.S. ports and that they would leave American waters. When he broke his word by authorizing the arming and dispatching of the prize ship Little Sarah (refitted as La Petite
Dmocrate), Washington and his cabinet demanded Gents recall. With the radical Jacobins newly in power in France, his arrest was ordered, and he faced possible death if he returned home. Washington declined to extradite him, and in 1794 Gent married a daughter
of Governor George Clinton of New York. He subsequently became a U.S. citizen.
Citizen Genet
What clues from this movie may help us to understand why Washington said no?

Was Genet popular amongst the people? Yes. So Washingtons response is actually not in line with the desires of many of the people in the nation.
What clues from this movie may help us to understand why Washington said no?

Was Genet popular amongst the people? Yes. So Washingtons response is actually not in line with the desires of many of the people in the nation.
The man whose army was getting kicked around by the British until France helped with military aid, counsel (Marquis de Lafayette), ships, etc.

The man, who is president only because of Frances help to him during the American Revolution.
The United States
declares itself
neutral in the
current conict
between France &
Great Britain.
Neutrality - A policy of not choosing sides in a war
or dispute between other countries.

[Hart 163]
The man whose army was getting kicked around by the British until France helped with military aid, counsel (Marquis de Lafayette), ships, etc.

The man, who is president only because of Frances help to him during the American Revolution.
President Washington
Creates a Foreign Policy
1. Stay neutral
President Washington
Creates a Foreign Policy
1. Stay neutral
2. Avoid permanent alliances (isolationism)
President Washington
Creates a Foreign Policy
1. Stay neutral
2. Avoid permanent alliances (isolationism)
3. Achieve peace and trade harmony with
ALL nations
President Washington
Creates a Foreign Policy
(Frey 164)
What clues does this image contain that tell you what life was like for Americans living at this time?

1794 - U.S. signs the Jay treaty w/ Great Britain.
(Frey 164)
What clues does this image contain that tell you what life was like for Americans living at this time?

(Frey 164)
What clues does this image contain that tell you what life was like for Americans living at this time?

Jay Treaty
Washington is not very popular. Why would he run the risk of upsetting the people?
Washington is not very popular. Why would he run the risk of upsetting the people?
President Washington
Creates a Foreign Policy
Notebook Heading (Hart 163)
President Washington
Creates a Foreign Policy

What factors led President Washington to


NOT lead the American people into
military conict with France against Great
Britain in 1793?
Notebook Heading (Hart 163)
President Washington
Creates a Foreign Policy
Notebook Heading (Hart 163)
President Washington
Creates a Foreign Policy

United States wasnt prepared for war as it


didnt have a standing army
Notebook Heading (Hart 163)
President Washington
Creates a Foreign Policy

United States wasnt prepared for war as it


didnt have a standing army

The government couldnt afford the cost of an


army
Notebook Heading (Hart 163)
President Washington
Creates a Foreign Policy

United States wasnt prepared for war as it


didnt have a standing army

The government couldnt afford the cost of an


army

Threat of British forts in the Ohio Valley and


Spain to the south and west
Notebook Heading (Hart 163)
= British fort
[Hart 162]
Looking at the map, what nations should concern Washington the most? Were would France rank compared to Spain and Great Britain?
Photo by:
http://
www.irwinator
.com/
126/02.jpg
Notice the forts built in the French territory of this map. Also see the strategic location of the Ohio R. as it cuts thru the midwest and connects to the Mississippi River
which outlets into the Gulf of Mexico.

Handout -- 1st and 2nd paragraph
What could be the reasoning behind George Washingtons proclamation of neutrality?
BREAK
What could be the reasoning behind George Washingtons proclamation of neutrality?
What could be the reasoning behind George Washingtons proclamation of neutrality?
A nations foreign policy is what often determines whether or not a government will lead its people into military conict. The question you have to
determine as a citizen of this country is when is it justiable or not for the government to make that choice.

Foreign policy is important to study in order to bring awareness to this countrys actions outside of the U.S. to perhaps help us understand why certain
nations may not have the same opinion of us as we have of ourselves. (9/11 -- Why did they attack us?)

Same way you are at home (domestically) with your parents may be di#erent than what you do when you are away in other places. Your parents see you as
a perfect child until that one day when they get the call from another parent, school, or jail informing them of your actions. Parents realize that you may
not be as innocent or perfect as you seem.
When should a
government lead its
people into military
conict?
A nations foreign policy is what often determines whether or not a government will lead its people into military conict. The question you have to
determine as a citizen of this country is when is it justiable or not for the government to make that choice.

Foreign policy is important to study in order to bring awareness to this countrys actions outside of the U.S. to perhaps help us understand why certain
nations may not have the same opinion of us as we have of ourselves. (9/11 -- Why did they attack us?)

Same way you are at home (domestically) with your parents may be di#erent than what you do when you are away in other places. Your parents see you as
a perfect child until that one day when they get the call from another parent, school, or jail informing them of your actions. Parents realize that you may
not be as innocent or perfect as you seem.
Military Conict Theory
The conditions upon which a government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?
When it comes to making the decision to lead ones people into military conict.the condition of a relationship cannot be the only factor.

What were the conditions Washington used to decide whether or not to lead our nation into military conict? Do you want to include any of those
conditions in your military conict theory?
Military Conict Theory
The conditions upon which a government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?

Relationship - Treaty of Alliance w/ France


When it comes to making the decision to lead ones people into military conict.the condition of a relationship cannot be the only factor.

What were the conditions Washington used to decide whether or not to lead our nation into military conict? Do you want to include any of those
conditions in your military conict theory?
Military Conict Theory
The conditions upon which a government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?

Relationship - Treaty of Alliance w/ France

Economics - No money to pay for an army


When it comes to making the decision to lead ones people into military conict.the condition of a relationship cannot be the only factor.

What were the conditions Washington used to decide whether or not to lead our nation into military conict? Do you want to include any of those
conditions in your military conict theory?
Military Conict Theory
The conditions upon which a government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?

Relationship - Treaty of Alliance w/ France

Economics - No money to pay for an army

Military Preparedness - No standing military


When it comes to making the decision to lead ones people into military conict.the condition of a relationship cannot be the only factor.

What were the conditions Washington used to decide whether or not to lead our nation into military conict? Do you want to include any of those
conditions in your military conict theory?
Military Conict Theory
The conditions upon which a government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?

Relationship - Treaty of Alliance w/ France

Economics - No money to pay for an army

Military Preparedness - No standing military

National Security - Unfriendly powers Britain &


Spain surround the U.S.
When it comes to making the decision to lead ones people into military conict.the condition of a relationship cannot be the only factor.

What were the conditions Washington used to decide whether or not to lead our nation into military conict? Do you want to include any of those
conditions in your military conict theory?
Military Conict Hypothesis
Based on your Military Conict Theory, how many of you have a condition to enter into military conict based on relationships or alliances with other
nations?

Being an ally of our country is not enough to send people into military conict for President Washington.

How does your foreign policy hold up to the tradition of America.
Military Conict Hypothesis
Todays Date: March 5th
Based on your Military Conict Theory, how many of you have a condition to enter into military conict based on relationships or alliances with other
nations?

Being an ally of our country is not enough to send people into military conict for President Washington.

How does your foreign policy hold up to the tradition of America.
Military Conict Hypothesis
List the conditions upon which you believe a
government is justied in leading its people into
military conict.
Todays Date: March 5th
Based on your Military Conict Theory, how many of you have a condition to enter into military conict based on relationships or alliances with other
nations?

Being an ally of our country is not enough to send people into military conict for President Washington.

How does your foreign policy hold up to the tradition of America.
Military Conict Hypothesis
List the conditions upon which you believe a
government is justied in leading its people into
military conict.
Todays Date: March 5th
Based on your Military Conict Theory, how many of you have a condition to enter into military conict based on relationships or alliances with other
nations?

Being an ally of our country is not enough to send people into military conict for President Washington.

How does your foreign policy hold up to the tradition of America.
Military Conict Hypothesis
List the conditions upon which you believe a
government is justied in leading its people into
military conict.
Condition 1 -
Todays Date: March 5th
Based on your Military Conict Theory, how many of you have a condition to enter into military conict based on relationships or alliances with other
nations?

Being an ally of our country is not enough to send people into military conict for President Washington.

How does your foreign policy hold up to the tradition of America.
Military Conict Hypothesis
List the conditions upon which you believe a
government is justied in leading its people into
military conict.
Condition 1 -
Todays Date: March 5th
Based on your Military Conict Theory, how many of you have a condition to enter into military conict based on relationships or alliances with other
nations?

Being an ally of our country is not enough to send people into military conict for President Washington.

How does your foreign policy hold up to the tradition of America.
Military Conict Hypothesis
Test #1
American Foreign Policy
(1778 - 1796)
You have a foreign policy when it comes to dealing with other people? Your foreign policy may be Do unto others as you would like them to do onto
you.

Foreign policy is important to study in order to bring awareness to this countrys actions outside of the U.S. to perhaps help us understand why certain
nations may not have the same opinion of us as we have of ourselves. (9/11 -- Why did they attack us?)

Same way you are at home (domestically) with your parents may be di#erent than what you do when you are away in other places. Your parents see you as
a perfect child until that one day when they get the call from another parent, school, or jail informing them of your actions. Parents realize that you may
not be as innocent or perfect as you seem.
Washington
(1789 - 1797)
Adams
(1797 - 1801)
Jefferson
(1801 - 1809)
American Foreign Policy
1778 - 1825
Madison
(1809- 1817)
Monroe
(1817 - 1825)
Now we begin to investigate specically, the foreign policy decisions of our 1st president George Washington.
Washington
(1789 - 1797)
American Foreign Policy
1778 - 1825
Problem(s)
Solution(s)
Outcome(s)
Now we begin to investigate specically, the foreign policy decisions of our 1st president George Washington.
Washingtons Foreign Policy
Washington solution did not involve leading his people into military conict. As a matter of fact, due to conditions of economics, military preparedness,
and national security, he decided against it.
Problem
Solution
Outcome
Washingtons Foreign Policy
Washington solution did not involve leading his people into military conict. As a matter of fact, due to conditions of economics, military preparedness,
and national security, he decided against it.
Problem
France declares war on Great Britain and seeks
American support.
Solution
Outcome
Washingtons Foreign Policy
Washington solution did not involve leading his people into military conict. As a matter of fact, due to conditions of economics, military preparedness,
and national security, he decided against it.
Problem
France declares war on Great Britain and seeks
American support.
Solution
Outcome
Washingtons Foreign Policy
Washington solution did not involve leading his people into military conict. As a matter of fact, due to conditions of economics, military preparedness,
and national security, he decided against it.
Problem
France declares war on Great Britain and seeks
American support.
Solution
Reject France and sign a treaty of peace with
Great Britain (Jay Treaty).
Outcome
Washingtons Foreign Policy
Washington solution did not involve leading his people into military conict. As a matter of fact, due to conditions of economics, military preparedness,
and national security, he decided against it.
Problem
France declares war on Great Britain and seeks
American support.
Solution
Reject France and sign a treaty of peace with
Great Britain (Jay Treaty).
Promote American neutrality & isolationism
Outcome
Washingtons Foreign Policy
Washington solution did not involve leading his people into military conict. As a matter of fact, due to conditions of economics, military preparedness,
and national security, he decided against it.
Problem
France declares war on Great Britain and seeks
American support.
Solution
Reject France and sign a treaty of peace with
Great Britain (Jay Treaty).
Promote American neutrality & isolationism
Outcome
British abandon forts in the Ohio Valley.
Washingtons Foreign Policy
Washington solution did not involve leading his people into military conict. As a matter of fact, due to conditions of economics, military preparedness,
and national security, he decided against it.
Problem
France declares war on Great Britain and seeks
American support.
Solution
Reject France and sign a treaty of peace with
Great Britain (Jay Treaty).
Promote American neutrality & isolationism
Outcome
British abandon forts in the Ohio Valley.
Washingtons Foreign Policy
Strengthens economic trade relations w/
Britain
Washington solution did not involve leading his people into military conict. As a matter of fact, due to conditions of economics, military preparedness,
and national security, he decided against it.
Problem
France declares war on Great Britain and seeks
American support.
Solution
Reject France and sign a treaty of peace with
Great Britain (Jay Treaty).
Promote American neutrality & isolationism
Outcome
British abandon forts in the Ohio Valley.
Washingtons Foreign Policy
Strengthens economic trade relations w/
Britain
France begins to attack American merchant
ships in 1796
Washington solution did not involve leading his people into military conict. As a matter of fact, due to conditions of economics, military preparedness,
and national security, he decided against it.

They are in the high school cafeteria. While walking to their table, they overhear an argument that quickly turns into a ght. Ask the students what their "foreigner policy" would be in that instance. Would they intervene and try and break up the ght or would they choose to observe
and keep themselves isolated? Have each person in their group go around and explain what their policy would be.

Call on students individually to share with the class the decision they came too with regards to this situation. Did they choose to be isolated or to intervene? What were the conditions upon which they based their decision?

Moral
Personal/Community Safety
Relationship

What method would they use to intervene if they did intervene?
Physical
Verbal
Go ask for help

If they choose to remain isolated, what were the reasons why? Consequences of that decision?
Moral
Personal/Community Safety
Relationship

Isolationism or Intervention
-First entering the cafeteria.
- Observing a loud verbal altercation.
- Observing a physical scu"e between two people
- Do you get involved? Why? Do you stay out of the conict? For what reasons (self-preservation, lack of strength, possible new opportunities as a result of the ght outcome).
- What are the conditions of the circumstance that determine whether you get involved or not?

What are the positives and negatives of your choice?
Isolationism - Nobody comes and helps me when Im in trouble.
Intervention - Feel a moral call to action.

What does this mean historically? Would you have been a witness to the holocaust then? Civil rights movement?

They are in the high school cafeteria. While walking to their table, they overhear an argument that quickly turns into a ght. Ask the students what their "foreigner policy" would be in that instance. Would they intervene and try and break up the ght or would they choose to observe
and keep themselves isolated? Have each person in their group go around and explain what their policy would be.

Call on students individually to share with the class the decision they came too with regards to this situation. Did they choose to be isolated or to intervene? What were the conditions upon which they based their decision?

Moral
Personal/Community Safety
Relationship

What method would they use to intervene if they did intervene?
Physical
Verbal
Go ask for help

If they choose to remain isolated, what were the reasons why? Consequences of that decision?
Moral
Personal/Community Safety
Relationship

Isolationism or Intervention
-First entering the cafeteria.
- Observing a loud verbal altercation.
- Observing a physical scu"e between two people
- Do you get involved? Why? Do you stay out of the conict? For what reasons (self-preservation, lack of strength, possible new opportunities as a result of the ght outcome).
- What are the conditions of the circumstance that determine whether you get involved or not?

What are the positives and negatives of your choice?
Isolationism - Nobody comes and helps me when Im in trouble.
Intervention - Feel a moral call to action.

What does this mean historically? Would you have been a witness to the holocaust then? Civil rights movement?
Do you get involved or stay out of
the conict? Why?
What is your principal of action?

They are in the high school cafeteria. While walking to their table, they overhear an argument that quickly turns into a ght. Ask the students what their "foreigner policy" would be in that instance. Would they intervene and try and break up the ght or would they choose to observe
and keep themselves isolated? Have each person in their group go around and explain what their policy would be.

Call on students individually to share with the class the decision they came too with regards to this situation. Did they choose to be isolated or to intervene? What were the conditions upon which they based their decision?

Moral
Personal/Community Safety
Relationship

What method would they use to intervene if they did intervene?
Physical
Verbal
Go ask for help

If they choose to remain isolated, what were the reasons why? Consequences of that decision?
Moral
Personal/Community Safety
Relationship

Isolationism or Intervention
-First entering the cafeteria.
- Observing a loud verbal altercation.
- Observing a physical scu"e between two people
- Do you get involved? Why? Do you stay out of the conict? For what reasons (self-preservation, lack of strength, possible new opportunities as a result of the ght outcome).
- What are the conditions of the circumstance that determine whether you get involved or not?

What are the positives and negatives of your choice?
Isolationism - Nobody comes and helps me when Im in trouble.
Intervention - Feel a moral call to action.

What does this mean historically? Would you have been a witness to the holocaust then? Civil rights movement?
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism
Research how each American president
from 1796 - 1825 dealt with the challenge
of maintaining Washingtons foreign policy
of neutrality and isolationism.
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Military Conict Theory
Test #2 and #3
President
John Adams
(1797 - 1801)
Research how each American president
from 1796 - 1825 dealt with the challenge
of maintaining Washingtons foreign policy
of neutrality and isolationism.
Isolationism sounded good in
theory. But it was often hard
to stay out of another
countries conicts.

(Hart 164)
- 1796 -
France begins to attack American ships trading with Britain
(Hart 166).
Adams
(1797 - 1801)
American Foreign Policy
1796 - 1825
Problem(s)
Solution(s)
Outcome(s)
Research how each American president
from 1796 - 1825 dealt with the challenge
of maintaining Washingtons foreign policy
of neutrality and isolationism.
D.B.Q.
Document Based Question
Washington
(1789 - 1797)
Adams
(1797 - 1801)
Jefferson
(1801 - 1809)
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
Madison
(1809- 1817)
Monroe
(1817 - 1825)
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Adams
(1797 - 1801)
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
Problem(s)
Solution(s)
Outcome(s)
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Agenda

Materials: Notebook, textbook, writing


utensil

Analyze President Adams & Jeffersons


Foreign Policy (Military Conict Hypothesis Test #2 and #3)

H.W. - Complete Adams and Jefferson


sections of graphic organizer
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism
Research how each American president
from 1796 - 1825 dealt with the challenge
of maintaining Washingtons foreign policy
of neutrality and isolationism.
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Military Conict Theory
Test #2 and #3
Adams
(1797 - 1801)
American Foreign Policy
1796 - 1825
Problem(s)
Solution(s)
Outcome(s)
Research how each American president
from 1796 - 1825 dealt with the challenge
of maintaining Washingtons foreign policy
of neutrality and isolationism.
- 1796 -
France begins to attack American ships trading with Britain
(Hart 164).
Adams
(1797 - 1801)
American Foreign Policy
1796 - 1825
Problem(s)
Solution(s)
Outcome(s)
Research how each American president
from 1796 - 1825 dealt with the challenge
of maintaining Washingtons foreign policy
of neutrality and isolationism.
Agenda

Materials: Notebook, textbook (Hart 164), writing


utensil, American Foreign Policy graphic organizer

Review President Adamss Foreign Policy dilemmas

American Foreign Policy graphic organizer work


period

Review outline response submissions and recent


grade changes

C.W. - Complete President Jeffersons foreign


policy dilemmas
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism
Research how each American president
from 1796 - 1825 dealt with the challenge
of maintaining Washingtons foreign policy
of neutrality and isolationism.
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Adams
(1797 - 1801)
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Adams
(1797 - 1801)
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
Problem(s)
Solution(s)
Outcome(s)
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
- 1796 -
French seize 316 American ships trading with Britain
(Hart 164).
French Foreign Minister Talleyrand
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uw0KcA59_8s
X-Y-Z Affair - No peace talks without tribute
(Hart 164)
The concessions demanded by the French included 50,000 pounds sterling, a $12 million loan from the United States, a $250,000 personal bribe to French foreign minister Charles Maurice de Talleyrand, and a formal apology for comments made by President of the United States John Adams.[2]
French Diplomacy
What is wrong with France making such a request?
$12 million loan from
the United States
French Diplomacy
What is wrong with France making such a request?
$12 million loan from
the United States
French Diplomacy
What is wrong with France making such a request?
$12 million loan from
the United States
French Foreign
Minister requests a
$250,000 personal
bribe
French Diplomacy
What is wrong with France making such a request?
Congress votes to recruit 10,000 men
Congress votes to recruit 10,000 men

Adamss gives the appearance of Yes these conditions are just. So his solution to the XYZ a#air is to recruit an army of 10,000 men and build 12 new
ships for the nations navy. Congress even authorizes a half-war which was an undeclared war against France in which the U.S. seizes more than 80
armed French vessels.

No. ...it would not be good for the country (Hart 165). Why not? Economically, militarily, national security, etc.

Adamss gives the appearance of Yes these conditions are just. So his solution to the XYZ a#air is to recruit an army of 10,000 men and build 12 new
ships for the nations navy. Congress even authorizes a half-war which was an undeclared war against France in which the U.S. seizes more than 80
armed French vessels.

No. ...it would not be good for the country (Hart 165). Why not? Economically, militarily, national security, etc.
an armed ship owned and ofcered
by private individuals holding a
government commission (command)
and authorized for use in war, esp.
in the capture of enemy merchant
shipping.
privateer
National Security
& Trade
Examine these three circumstances 1) France attacking American trade ships, 2) France requiring us to pay a bribe with them in order to talk peace, 3)
Political party pressure. Based on your military conict hypothesis, would a government be justied in leading its people into military conict? What would
you have wanted Adams to do based on your current military conict conditions?

Have students go around the room and vote Yes/No with reason.
National Pride
Political Popularity
National Security
& Trade
Examine these three circumstances 1) France attacking American trade ships, 2) France requiring us to pay a bribe with them in order to talk peace, 3)
Political party pressure. Based on your military conict hypothesis, would a government be justied in leading its people into military conict? What would
you have wanted Adams to do based on your current military conict conditions?

Have students go around the room and vote Yes/No with reason.
Is the government justied in leading
its people into military conict under
one or more of these conditions?
National Pride
Political Popularity
National Security
& Trade
Examine these three circumstances 1) France attacking American trade ships, 2) France requiring us to pay a bribe with them in order to talk peace, 3)
Political party pressure. Based on your military conict hypothesis, would a government be justied in leading its people into military conict? What would
you have wanted Adams to do based on your current military conict conditions?

Have students go around the room and vote Yes/No with reason.
Like Washington had to go against the will of the people when they wanted to join France in ghting against Great Britain, Adams as president has to stand against the will of the people not lead the American people into military
conict against France.
War may be
good for the
Federalist Party,
but it would not
be good for the
country.
Like Washington had to go against the will of the people when they wanted to join France in ghting against Great Britain, Adams as president has to stand against the will of the people not lead the American people into military
conict against France.
In 1799, the president announced he was
sending a peace mission to France.
(Hart 164)
What opinion would you have had of Adamss for choosing to send a 2nd peace envoy after the rst one had failed and your military conict conditions
justify the people being lead into military conict?
Challenge(s)
Solution(s) Outcome(s)
French ships seizing American merchant ships.
XYZ Affair
Federalist war fever towards France building
(Hart 164 - 165)
How do you assess Adamss foreign policy?

Quasi - resemblance
Challenge(s)
Solution(s) Outcome(s)
French ships seizing American merchant ships.
XYZ Affair
Federalist war fever towards France building
(Hart 164 - 165)
How do you assess Adamss foreign policy?

Quasi - resemblance
Challenge(s)
Solution(s) Outcome(s)
French ships seizing American merchant ships.
XYZ Affair
Federalist war fever towards France building
- Recruit 10,000 troops &
build 12 navy ships.

- Congress authorizes a
half-war against France

- Send a second peace envoy
to France (1799)
(Hart 164 - 165)
How do you assess Adamss foreign policy?

Quasi - resemblance
Challenge(s)
Solution(s) Outcome(s)
French ships seizing American merchant ships.
XYZ Affair
Federalist war fever towards France building
- Recruit 10,000 troops &
build 12 navy ships.

- Congress authorizes a
half-war against France

- Send a second peace envoy
to France (1799)
- American navy seizes 80
French vessels.

- French stop seizing U.S. ships
& release American hostages

- French-American alliance
terminated

- Adams & the Federalist Party
loses political popularity
(Hart 164 - 165)
How do you assess Adamss foreign policy?

Quasi - resemblance
Washingtons Foreign Policy
Instructions

Be honest and just towards all nations.

Work for peace and harmony with all.

Do not pick favorites.

Steer clear of permanent alliances.

Trade freely with all nations.


What grade would you give Adams with regards to his following Washingtons instructions regarding U.S. foreign policy. Think, pair, share. Indicate the
grade you give him by holding up the letter grade sheet in the envelope.

Did he stay isolated and did he practice neutrality? [Didnt create any permanent alliances. Is the half-war with France staying neutral?]
Adams left the nation at
peace and with no
permanent alliances that
might drag it into war.
(Hart 165)
Military Conict Theory
The conditions upon which the government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?

Relationship

Economics

Military Preparedness

National Security
Washingtons Military Conict theory included the following conditions: relationship, economics, military preparedness, and national security. In
Washingtons circumstance, these conditions did not all weigh the same either. How do you think Washington would rank these conditions in order from
most important to least important?
Military Conict Theory
The conditions upon which the government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?

Relationship

Economics

Military Preparedness

National Security

National Pride
Washingtons Military Conict theory included the following conditions: relationship, economics, military preparedness, and national security. In
Washingtons circumstance, these conditions did not all weigh the same either. How do you think Washington would rank these conditions in order from
most important to least important?
Military Conict Theory
The conditions upon which the government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?

Relationship

Economics

Military Preparedness

National Security

National Pride

Political Popularity
Washingtons Military Conict theory included the following conditions: relationship, economics, military preparedness, and national security. In
Washingtons circumstance, these conditions did not all weigh the same either. How do you think Washington would rank these conditions in order from
most important to least important?
Washington
(1789 - 1797)
Adams
(1797 - 1801)
Jefferson
(1801 - 1809)
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
Madison
(1809- 1817)
Monroe
(1817 - 1825)
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Jefferson
(1801 - 1809)
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
Problem(s)
Solution(s)
Outcome(s)
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
DBQ Outline Response
DBQ Outline Response

A restatement of a quote is not an explanation


DBQ Outline Response

A restatement of a quote is not an explanation

Direct quote only for your historical evidence


DBQ Outline Response

A restatement of a quote is not an explanation

Direct quote only for your historical evidence

Avoid being too vague or general. Prove the detail


and richness of your historical understanding and
make sure your information is historically accurate
DBQ Outline Response

A restatement of a quote is not an explanation

Direct quote only for your historical evidence

Avoid being too vague or general. Prove the detail


and richness of your historical understanding and
make sure your information is historically accurate

Restate your point within the context of your


argument
DBQ Outline Response

A restatement of a quote is not an explanation

Direct quote only for your historical evidence

Avoid being too vague or general. Prove the detail


and richness of your historical understanding and
make sure your information is historically accurate

Restate your point within the context of your


argument

Multiple quotes require separate explanations


DBQ Outline Response

A restatement of a quote is not an explanation

Direct quote only for your historical evidence

Avoid being too vague or general. Prove the detail


and richness of your historical understanding and
make sure your information is historically accurate

Restate your point within the context of your


argument

Multiple quotes require separate explanations

Grammar, spelling, and sloppy formatting

The Jay Treaty

The Jay Treaty

The second reason is The Jay Treaty The


US went and made a Treaty with the
Nation that France was at war with.

The Jay Treaty

The second reason is The Jay Treaty The


US went and made a Treaty with the
Nation that France was at war with.

The proclamation by the Proclamation by


the President of the United States (not
helping France in war) and The Jay Treaty
(making an alliance with Great Britain).
Agenda

Materials: Notebook (American Foreign


Policy graphic organizer), textbook, writing
utensil

Analyze President Jeffersons Foreign Policy

H.W. - Complete Madison & Monroe


sections of graphic organizer

American Foreign Policy quiz opens next


week
Challenge(s)
Solution(s)
Outcome(s)
French ships seizing American merchant ships.
XYZ Affair
Federalist war fever towards France building
- Recruit 10,000 troops &
build 12 navy ships.

- Congress authorizes a
half-war against France

- Send a second peace envoy
to France (1799)
- American navy seizes 80
French vessels.

- French stop seizing U.S. ships

- French-American alliance
terminated

- Adams & the Federalist Party
loses political popularity
(Hart 164 - 165)
How did you assess Adamss foreign policy?

Quasi - seemingly apparent, resemblance
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism Isolationism
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism
Research how each American president
from 1796 - 1825 dealt with the challenge
of maintaining Washingtons foreign policy
of neutrality and isolationism.
Isolationism
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
Jefferson
(1801 - 1809)
Madison (D-R)
(1809- 1817)
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
Problem(s)
Solution(s)
Outcome(s)
Jefferson
(1801 - 1809)
Madison (D-R)
(1809- 1817)
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Military Conict Theory
Test #3
You have a foreign policy when it comes to dealing with other people? Your foreign policy may be Do unto others as you would like them to do onto
you.

Foreign policy is important to study in order to bring awareness to this countrys actions outside of the U.S. to perhaps help us understand why certain
nations may not have the same opinion of us as we have of ourselves. (9/11 -- Why did they attack us?)

Same way you are at home (domestically) with your parents may be di#erent than what you do when you are away in other places. Your parents see you as
a perfect child until that one day when they get the call from another parent, school, or jail informing them of your actions. Parents realize that you may
not be as innocent or perfect as you seem.
Read Piracy in the Barbary States handout prior to going over circumstances.
The pirates seized the ships and held their crews for ransom.

Hart 166
There has been a tradition of paying tribute to pirates for decades. From the reading you should have a better understanding of the Treaty of Alliance and
the benets of the Treaty of Amity and Commerce that the U.S. had with France.

Why strategically did the U.S. pay tribute to the pirates here ($2 million) and not to France (Millions for defense but not a penny for tribute.)
So it is in the context of this history as it relates to pirates that in 1801, Tripoli declares war on the United States.
- 1801 -
Tripoli declares war on the United States.
(Hart 166).
So it is in the context of this history as it relates to pirates that in 1801, Tripoli declares war on the United States.
1803 - France & Great Britain at war AGAIN!
No big deal. Thanks to Adams, France and Napoleon agreed to end it alliance with America.
Once again, just because you say youre isolated or neutral doesnt mean that they wont come to you.

British seize about 1000, and France about 500 (Hart 167)
- 1803 -
British & French seize American ships trading with their
enemy....AGAIN! (Hart 166).
Once again, just because you say youre isolated or neutral doesnt mean that they wont come to you.

British seize about 1000, and France about 500 (Hart 167)
Trade
$$$
Trade
$$$
Goal is to follow Washingtons policy of neutrality so that we can trade equally with both nations.
Trade
$$$
Trade
$$$
Goal is to follow Washingtons policy of neutrality so that we can trade equally with both nations.
In the years prior to the War Of 1812, the British had been practicing impressment of Americans on the high seas to help them ght their war against Napoleonic [France]. Many thousands of British naval o"cers had gone AWOL and ed to the Americas for better pay and conditions.
Many of these soldiers had become citizens of the United States. Britain did not recognize the right of any of their countrymen to renounce citizenship, and claimed these people back. In the years leading up to 1812, The Brits forcibly halled o# about 5,000 sailors of American ships.
Around 1,300 of these sailors are later found to have been born on American soil. This obviously caused a lot of outrage.

http://www.thedearsurprise.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/impressment_by_royal_navy-640x250.jpg
- Impressment -
Forcing men into British naval service.
In the years prior to the War Of 1812, the British had been practicing impressment of Americans on the high seas to help them ght their war against Napoleonic [France]. Many thousands of British naval o"cers had gone AWOL and ed to the Americas for better pay and conditions.
Many of these soldiers had become citizens of the United States. Britain did not recognize the right of any of their countrymen to renounce citizenship, and claimed these people back. In the years leading up to 1812, The Brits forcibly halled o# about 5,000 sailors of American ships.
Around 1,300 of these sailors are later found to have been born on American soil. This obviously caused a lot of outrage.

http://www.thedearsurprise.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/impressment_by_royal_navy-640x250.jpg
Britain took about 5,000 sailors off of American
ships. 1,300 of these sailors were American
citizens.
- Impressment -
Forcing men into British naval service.
In the years prior to the War Of 1812, the British had been practicing impressment of Americans on the high seas to help them ght their war against Napoleonic [France]. Many thousands of British naval o"cers had gone AWOL and ed to the Americas for better pay and conditions.
Many of these soldiers had become citizens of the United States. Britain did not recognize the right of any of their countrymen to renounce citizenship, and claimed these people back. In the years leading up to 1812, The Brits forcibly halled o# about 5,000 sailors of American ships.
Around 1,300 of these sailors are later found to have been born on American soil. This obviously caused a lot of outrage.

http://www.thedearsurprise.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/04/impressment_by_royal_navy-640x250.jpg
- Chesapeake-Leopard Affair (1807) -
British Leopard ship opens re on the American
Chesapeake ship. Twenty-one American sailors killed or
wounded (Hart 166).
The attack triggers another case of war fever.
The attack triggers another case of war fever.
When should the
government lead its
people into military
conict?
A nations foreign policy is what often determines whether or not a government will lead its people into military conict. The question you have to
determine as a citizen of this country is when is it justiable or not for the government to make that choice.
British seize about 1000, and France about 500 (Hart 167)

Who do you lead your people into military conict against? With who? All of them? One? Why?

Is the government
justied in leading
its people into
military conict
under one or more
of these
conditions?
British seize about 1000, and France about 500 (Hart 167)

Who do you lead your people into military conict against? With who? All of them? One? Why?

What can you recall about Je#erson? (Pro-agriculture, pro-France)

What does Je#erson do to get people to leave American ships alone?
Did Je#ersons decision to lead his people into military conict against the Barbary pirates solve the problem? Yes. Tripoli signs a peace treaty and agreed
to stop demanding tribute. U.S. pays $60,000 ransom and gets the crew of the Philadelphia back.



Why didnt he do the same thing against Great Britain and France?

- 1804 -
American ships begin bombarding Tripoli with their
cannons.
(Hart 166).
Did Je#ersons decision to lead his people into military conict against the Barbary pirates solve the problem? Yes. Tripoli signs a peace treaty and agreed
to stop demanding tribute. U.S. pays $60,000 ransom and gets the crew of the Philadelphia back.



Why didnt he do the same thing against Great Britain and France?

What solution does Je#erson come up with for dealing with the British and French seizing American ships? What does Je#erson do to get people to leave
American ships alone?
- 1803 -
British & French seize American ships trading with their
enemy....AGAIN! (Hart 166).
What solution does Je#erson come up with for dealing with the British and French seizing American ships? What does Je#erson do to get people to leave
American ships alone?
(Hart 167)
A spirited caricature of the e#ect of this Embargo Act was designed and engraved by Dr. Alexander Anderson [see note 1, page 787] for David Longworth, a highly-esteemed publisher of New York. It will be recollected that a former embargo, during, Je#ersons administration [see page
162], was called by the Opposition, or Federalist party, "a terrapin policy." That idea is embodied in the caricature before us, in which the Embargo Act of 1813 is personied by a huge terrapin, who seizes a violator of the law by the seat of his breeches. It was aimed at the New England
people, who, it was alleged, were continually supplying the British cruisers with provisions, and thereby saving their coast from that devastation to which those of the Delaware and Chesapeake Bays had been subjected, and also putting money in their pockets by the infamous tra"c. A
British vessel of war is seen in the distance, with a boat, on the arrival of the knave with a barrel of our, marked "superne." The Embargo terrapin seizes him, and the fellow cries out, "Oh! this cursed O-grab-me!" the word embargo spelled backward, making these words. The
government o"cial, who has charge of the arresting terrapin, calls out in high glee, "Damn it, how he nicks em." One claw of the terrapin is upon a "license," such as the British authorities gave to professed neutrals.
Trade
$$$
Trade
$$$
Goal is to follow Washingtons policy of neutrality so that we can trade equally with both nations.
Trade
$$$
Trade
$$$
Goal is to follow Washingtons policy of neutrality so that we can trade equally with both nations.
Jeffersons Challenges
Solution
Outcome
1. France & Great Britain are again seizing American
ships....AGAIN!
2. British impressment and the Chesapeake-Leopard affair
3. Barbary pirates seizing American ships and holding crews for
ransom
Je#erson solves 1 out of 3. The one he does solve is the one in which he makes the decision to lead his people into military conict.

Use of military force - solved the problem with the pirates
Isolationism and neutrality - Created a worse problem for the U.S.
Jeffersons Challenges
Solution
Outcome
1. France & Great Britain are again seizing American
ships....AGAIN!
2. British impressment and the Chesapeake-Leopard affair
3. Barbary pirates seizing American ships and holding crews for
ransom


Send U.S. warships to the
Mediterranean to protect
American shipping from
pirates

Embargo Act of 1807 -
Complete halt in trade to
other nations.
Je#erson solves 1 out of 3. The one he does solve is the one in which he makes the decision to lead his people into military conict.

Use of military force - solved the problem with the pirates
Isolationism and neutrality - Created a worse problem for the U.S.
Jeffersons Challenges
Solution
Outcome
1. France & Great Britain are again seizing American
ships....AGAIN!
2. British impressment and the Chesapeake-Leopard affair
3. Barbary pirates seizing American ships and holding crews for
ransom


Send U.S. warships to the
Mediterranean to protect
American shipping from
pirates

Embargo Act of 1807 -
Complete halt in trade to
other nations.

- Tripoli signs peace treaty with
the U.S. & stops demanding
tribute (1805).

- 55,000 Americans lose their
jobs and the Embargo Act of
1807 repealed by Congress
Je#erson solves 1 out of 3. The one he does solve is the one in which he makes the decision to lead his people into military conict.

Use of military force - solved the problem with the pirates
Isolationism and neutrality - Created a worse problem for the U.S.
What can you recall about Je#erson? (Pro-agriculture, pro-France).
Why doesnt Je#erson lead American into military conict against Great Britain and France the same way he did against the Barbary States?

Did Je#ersons decision to lead his people into military conict against the Barbary pirates solve the problem? Yes.

Why didnt he do the same thing against Great Britain and France?



Why does Jefferson lead the American people into military
conict to protect American shipping against the Barbary
Pirates but not against Great Britain or France?
What can you recall about Je#erson? (Pro-agriculture, pro-France).
Why doesnt Je#erson lead American into military conict against Great Britain and France the same way he did against the Barbary States?

Did Je#ersons decision to lead his people into military conict against the Barbary pirates solve the problem? Yes.

Why didnt he do the same thing against Great Britain and France?



Washingtons Foreign Policy
Instructions

Be honest and just towards all nations.

Work for peace and harmony with all.

Do not pick favorites.

Steer clear of permanent alliances.

Trade freely with all nations.


What grade would you give Je#erson with regards to his following Washingtons instructions regarding U.S. foreign policy. Think, pair, share. Indicate the
grade you give him by holding up the letter grade sheet in the envelope.
Presidential Foreign Policy
Are Americas problems better or worse for following a foreign policy of isolationism?
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism
Are Americas problems better or worse for following a foreign policy of isolationism?
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism
Is America better/worse off for
following a foreign policy of
neutrality and isolationism with
Great Britain and France?
Isolationism Isolationism
Are Americas problems better or worse for following a foreign policy of isolationism?
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
Madison (D-R)
(1809- 1817)
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
Problem(s)
Solution(s)
Outcome(s)
Madison (D-R)
(1809- 1817)
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Agenda

Materials: American Foreign Policy G.O., Textbook


(Hart 166 - 167), notebook, writing utensil,

Review Jeffersons Foreign Policy > Problems,


Solutions, and Outcomes

Politics of the War of 1812 (DBQ)

C.W. - Politics of War of 1812 DBQ in notebook

H.W. - Graphic organizer due block day,


Benchmark quiz opens next week Tuesday (3/18)
and closes (3/21)
Jeffersons Challenges
Solution
Outcome
1. France & Great Britain are again seizing American
ships....AGAIN!
2. British impressment and the Chesapeake-Leopard affair
3. Barbary pirates seizing American ships and holding crews for
ransom
Je#erson solves 1 out of 3. The one he does solve is the one in which he makes the decision to lead his people into military conict.
Jeffersons Challenges
Solution
Outcome
1. France & Great Britain are again seizing American
ships....AGAIN!
2. British impressment and the Chesapeake-Leopard affair
3. Barbary pirates seizing American ships and holding crews for
ransom


Send U.S. warships to the
Mediterranean to protect
American shipping from
pirates

Embargo Act of 1807 -
Complete halt in trade to
other nations.
Je#erson solves 1 out of 3. The one he does solve is the one in which he makes the decision to lead his people into military conict.
Jeffersons Challenges
Solution
Outcome
1. France & Great Britain are again seizing American
ships....AGAIN!
2. British impressment and the Chesapeake-Leopard affair
3. Barbary pirates seizing American ships and holding crews for
ransom


Send U.S. warships to the
Mediterranean to protect
American shipping from
pirates

Embargo Act of 1807 -
Complete halt in trade to
other nations.

- Tripoli signs peace treaty with
the U.S. & stops demanding
tribute (1805).

- 55,000 Americans lose their
jobs and the Embargo Act of
1807 repealed by Congress
Je#erson solves 1 out of 3. The one he does solve is the one in which he makes the decision to lead his people into military conict.
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
Madison (D-R)
(1809- 1817)
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
Problem(s)
Solution(s)
Outcome(s)
Madison (D-R)
(1809- 1817)
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
How can I stop British
impressment and protect
American trade ships
from being seized by the
British and the French?
President Madison
(1809 - 1817)
How can I stop British
impressment and protect
American trade ships
from being seized by the
British and the French?
President Madison
(1809 - 1817)
Politics of the
War of 1812 DBQ
Notebook Heading
Politics of the War of 1812
D.B.Q.
Document Based Question
Politics of the War of 1812
Agenda

Materials: American Foreign Policy G.O.,


notebook, writing utensil,

Review the events leading up to the War of 1812

Complete Politics of the War of 1812 (DBQ)

American Foreign Policy (1796 - 1825) study


period

H.W. - Benchmark quiz opens next week Tuesday


(3/18) and closes (3/21)
In pods of 4, have the students quiz each one another by telling their partner the name of a problem, outcome, or solution and see if their partner can
match it to the correct president.
Name The President(s)
In pods of 4, have the students quiz each one another by telling their partner the name of a problem, outcome, or solution and see if their partner can
match it to the correct president.
Name The President(s)
Washington (F)
(1789 - 1797)
Adams (F)
(1797 - 1801)
Jefferson (D-R)
(1801 - 1809)
Madison (D-R)
(1809- 1817)
In pods of 4, have the students quiz each one another by telling their partner the name of a problem, outcome, or solution and see if their partner can
match it to the correct president.
What solution does Je#erson come up with for dealing with the British and French seizing American ships? What does Je#erson do to get people to leave
American ships alone?
- 1803 -
Great Britain & France seize American ships trading with their
enemy....AGAIN! (Hart 166).
What solution does Je#erson come up with for dealing with the British and French seizing American ships? What does Je#erson do to get people to leave
American ships alone?
Embargo Act of 1807
A spirited caricature of the e#ect of this Embargo Act was designed and engraved by Dr. Alexander Anderson [see note 1, page 787] for David Longworth, a highly-esteemed publisher of New York. It will be recollected that a former embargo, during, Je#ersons administration [see page
162], was called by the Opposition, or Federalist party, "a terrapin policy." That idea is embodied in the caricature before us, in which the Embargo Act of 1813 is personied by a huge terrapin, who seizes a violator of the law by the seat of his breeches. It was aimed at the New England
people, who, it was alleged, were continually supplying the British cruisers with provisions, and thereby saving their coast from that devastation to which those of the Delaware and Chesapeake Bays had been subjected, and also putting money in their pockets by the infamous tra"c. A
British vessel of war is seen in the distance, with a boat, on the arrival of the knave with a barrel of our, marked "superne." The Embargo terrapin seizes him, and the fellow cries out, "Oh! this cursed O-grab-me!" the word embargo spelled backward, making these words. The
government o"cial, who has charge of the arresting terrapin, calls out in high glee, "Damn it, how he nicks em." One claw of the terrapin is upon a "license," such as the British authorities gave to professed neutrals.
What solution does Je#erson come up with for dealing with the British and French seizing American ships? What does Je#erson do to get people to leave
American ships alone?
- 1809 -
Great Britain & France are STILL seizing American ships trading
with their enemy. (Hart 166).
What solution does Je#erson come up with for dealing with the British and French seizing American ships? What does Je#erson do to get people to leave
American ships alone?
How can I stop British
impressment and protect
American trade ships
from being seized by the
British and the French?
President Madison
(1809 - 1817)
What was President Madisons rst solution to try and solve this problem?
How can I stop British
impressment and protect
American trade ships
from being seized by the
British and the French?
President Madison
(1809 - 1817)
What was President Madisons rst solution to try and solve this problem?
If you agree to stop
attacking American
ships, the U.S. will stop
trading with your
enemy.
If you agree to stop
attacking American
ships, the U.S. will stop
trading with your
enemy.
Oui, oui monsieur.
France will stop seizing
American ships.
(wink-wink)
Problem #1 - France is disrespecting you
Continue to seize
American ships headed
for British ports!
Problem #1 - France is disrespecting you
- Impressment -
Forcing men into British naval service.
Problem #2 - Great Britain is disrespecting you even though you have requested that they stop (DBQ document #1).
Chief Tecumseh
(Hart 168)
Problem #3 - Shawnee Indians
Shawnee Indians live in the Ohio River valley. The same place we had examined before b/c of the British forts in the area too.
Shawnee Indians live in the Ohio River valley. The same place we had examined before b/c of the British forts in the area too.
= British fort
[Hart 162]
With the Jay Treaty, Great Britain had removed its troops and now settlers were moving west. In the past, the Shawnee had the help of the British against
American settlers, but no more.
= British fort
[Hart 162]
With the Jay Treaty, Great Britain had removed its troops and now settlers were moving west. In the past, the Shawnee had the help of the British against
American settlers, but no more.
One of the things that limited American settlers from coming into this region were British forces. Settlers are going to begin to pour onto these Native
American lands
November 7th 1811
The fact that the Native Americans have guns can t into two di#erent narratives

1- Kill Americans
2 - Hunting
November 7th 1811
The fact that the Native Americans have guns can t into two di#erent narratives

1- Kill Americans
2 - Hunting
Based on your military conict conditions.

If it is justiable for us to attack Great Britain for arming the Native Americans, why isnt it just as justiable for Great Britain or France to attack the U.S.
for supplying their enemy during war?
Resolved: Finding British guns on the
Battleeld of Tippecanoe is justication
for America to lead its people into
military conict against Great Britain.

(Hart 169)
Based on your military conict conditions.

If it is justiable for us to attack Great Britain for arming the Native Americans, why isnt it just as justiable for Great Britain or France to attack the U.S.
for supplying their enemy during war?
Resolved: Finding American settlers
and soldiers on his peoples hunting
grounds is justication for Tecumseh
to lead his people into military
conict.

(Hart 169)
Based on your military conict conditions.

If it is justiable for us to attack Great Britain for arming the Native Americans, why isnt it just as justiable for Great Britain or France to attack the U.S.
for supplying their enemy during war?
(Hart 168)
Note which states they are from. John C. Calhoun is the author of Document 2.
(Hart 168)
Note which states they are from. John C. Calhoun is the author of Document 2.
.the way to make the
northwestern frontier safe
for settlers was to drive the
British out of Canada.
(Hart 169)
(Hart 162)
Hart 163, 164, 166
Political Popularity
Hart 163, 164, 166
Political Popularity
Hart 163, 164, 166
Political Popularity
(Hart 163)
Hart 163, 164, 166
Political Popularity
(Hart 163)
(Hart 164)
Hart 163, 164, 166
Political Popularity
(Hart 163)
(Hart 164)
(Hart 166)
Hart 163, 164, 166
[Is] the country strong
enough to launch the
arrows of war? Or
should [it] hold tightly to
the olive branch of
peace.
(Hart 169)
President Madison
(1809 - 1817)
[Is] the country strong
enough to launch the
arrows of war? Or
should [it] hold tightly to
the olive branch of
peace.
(Hart 169)
President Madison
(1809 - 1817)
Politics of the War of 1812
D.B.Q.
Document Based Question
Politics of the War of 1812
Politics of the
War of 1812 DBQ
Notebook Heading
Agenda

Materials: Notebook (American Foreign Policy


G.O.), textbook (Hart 169) writing utensil,

Review the War of 1812

American Foreign Policy Dilemma(s) >


President Monroe

H.W. - Benchmark quiz opens next week Tuesday


(3/18) and closes (3/21)
President Madison
(1809 - 1817)
[Is] the country strong
enough to launch the
arrows of war? Or
should [it] hold tightly to
the olive branch of
peace.
(Hart 169)
Is a government justied
in leadings its people
into military conict
under one or more of
these conditions?
National Trade
& Security
National Pride
National Security
Political Popularity
Why the emphasis on forcing Britain to respect American rights and not France also?

Based on your understanding of Document 3, what would Josiah Quincy say in response to this quote from Hart?
Madison saw only one way to force
Britain to respect American rights. He
began to think about abandoning....
isolationism and going to war with
Britain.

(Hart 168)
Why the emphasis on forcing Britain to respect American rights and not France also?

Based on your understanding of Document 3, what would Josiah Quincy say in response to this quote from Hart?
Politics of the
War of 1812 DBQ
Pro vs. Con
Pro - Protect American maritime rights and sailors (commerce threat), make the western frontier safe for settlers (national security), expand the American
territory by seizing Canada

Con - Pride and honor are not conditions for going to war, Poorly trained army and an ill-equipped Navy (Hart 169)
Which regions of the country favored/opposed war with Great Britain in 1812?
North in opposition - Economically Great Britain is a major trading partner, militarily if war is declared, the British will no doubt be coming from the
northern territory above them (Canada). Politically, the federalists wanted an American economic system based on manufacturing and trade.

South in favor - Economically we could possibly gain more land for agriculture (farming), Politically the farmers would be more Democratic-Republican so
more votes, need to make the west safe for expansion, prevent British impressment on the high seas, pride and honor.

Barely passes.
Document 6
WAR

Barely passes.
Document 6
WAR
1st time America had ever
declared war on another
nation.

Barely passes.
Document 6
WAR
1st time America had ever
declared war on another
nation.
Closest vote to declare war
in American history.

House: 79 - 49
Senate: 19 - 13

Barely passes.
Document 6
WAR
1st time America had ever
declared war on another
nation.
Closest vote to declare war
in American history.

House: 79 - 49
Senate: 19 - 13
Not a single Federalist
voted in favor of the war.

Barely passes.
Document 6
Election of 1812
Election of 1812
James Madison
(Democrat-Republican)
Election of 1812
James Madison
(Democrat-Republican)
DeWitt Clinton
(Federalist)
Use with Document 6
Use with Document 6
British blockade is going to interfere with the economy of the northern states.All of the major ports in the New England states are going to be blocked.
Most of the ghting takes place in Canada.

1812, 1814, and again in 1814 American forces crossed into Canada but each time they were turned back.

1814 another British army invaded Washington D.C. and burned down several buildings including the Capitol and the White House. President Madison had
to ee for his life.

British next attacked the city of Baltimore where an American lawyer named Francis Scott Key watched the bombardment and captured the moment in a
song we now know as the Star Spangled Banner
By 1814, Napoleon had
been defeated in Europe,
and Britain was able to send
15,000 troops to Canada
another British army
invaded Washington.
(Hart 169)
1812, 1814, and again in 1814 American forces crossed into Canada but each time they were turned back.

1814 another British army invaded Washington D.C. and burned down several buildings including the Capitol and the White House. President Madison had
to ee for his life.

British next attacked the city of Baltimore where an American lawyer named Francis Scott Key watched the bombardment and captured the moment in a
song we now know as the Star Spangled Banner
Oh, say can you see by the dawn's early light
What so proudly we hailed at the twilight's last gleaming?
Whose broad stripes and bright stars thru the perilous ght,
O'er the ramparts we watched were so gallantly streaming?
And the rocket's red glare, the bombs bursting in air,
Gave proof through the night that our ag was still there.
Oh, say does that star-spangled banner yet wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave?

On the shore, dimly seen through the mists of the deep,
Where the foe's haughty host in dread silence reposes,
What is that which the breeze, o'er the towering steep,
As it tfully blows, half conceals, half discloses?
Now it catches the gleam of the morning's rst beam,
In full glory reected now shines in the stream:
'Tis the star-spangled banner! Oh long may it wave
O'er the land of the free and the home of the brave!

And where is that band who so vauntingly swore
That the havoc of war and the battle's confusion,
A home and a country should leave us no more!
Their blood has washed out their foul footsteps' pollution.
No refuge could save the hireling and slave
Hartford Convention
Handout
1812, 1814, and again in 1814 American forces crossed into Canada but each time they were turned back. 1814 another British army invaded Washington
D.C. and burned down several buildings including the Capitol and the White House. President Madison had to ee for his life.

British next attacked the city of Baltimore where an American lawyer named Francis Scott Key watched the bombardment and captured the moment in a
song we now know as the Star Spangled Banner
1812, 1814, and again in 1814 American forces crossed into Canada but each time they were turned back. 1814 another British army invaded Washington
D.C. and burned down several buildings including the Capitol and the White House. President Madison had to ee for his life.

British next attacked the city of Baltimore where an American lawyer named Francis Scott Key watched the bombardment and captured the moment in a
song we now know as the Star Spangled Banner
1812, 1814, and again in 1814 American forces crossed into Canada but each time they were turned back. 1814 another British army invaded Washington
D.C. and burned down several buildings including the Capitol and the White House. President Madison had to ee for his life.

British next attacked the city of Baltimore where an American lawyer named Francis Scott Key watched the bombardment and captured the moment in a
song we now know as the Star Spangled Banner
1812, 1814, and again in 1814 American forces crossed into Canada but each time they were turned back.

1814 another British army invaded Washington D.C. and burned down several buildings including the Capitol and the White House. President Madison had
to ee for his life.

British next attacked the city of Baltimore where an American lawyer named Francis Scott Key watched the bombardment and captured the moment in a
song we now know as the Star Spangled Banner
Battle of New Orleans
Battle of New Orleans
Treaty of Ghent
Challenge
Solution Outcome
1. France & Great Britain are still seizing American ships.
2. British are still impressing American soldiers.
3. Native American conicts w/ settlers out West.
4. War Hawks (D-R) in Congress pressure U.S. war with Great Britain.
- Work a strategic deal w/ France
or Great Britain to stop trading w/
the enemy of whoever stops
attacking American ships rst.

- Abandons isolationism & declares
war on Britain on July 17th 1812.
Washington suggests not just neutrality, but actually isolationism.
Challenge
Solution Outcome
1. France & Great Britain are still seizing American ships.
2. British are still impressing American soldiers.
3. Native American conicts w/ settlers out West.
4. War Hawks (D-R) in Congress pressure U.S. war with Great Britain.
- Work a strategic deal w/ France
or Great Britain to stop trading w/
the enemy of whoever stops
attacking American ships rst.

- Abandons isolationism & declares
war on Britain on July 17th 1812.
- Treaty of Ghent ends the War of 1812
and the problems of impressment &
ship seizures fade away.
Washington suggests not just neutrality, but actually isolationism.
Challenge
Solution Outcome
1. France & Great Britain are still seizing American ships.
2. British are still impressing American soldiers.
3. Native American conicts w/ settlers out West.
4. War Hawks (D-R) in Congress pressure U.S. war with Great Britain.
- Work a strategic deal w/ France
or Great Britain to stop trading w/
the enemy of whoever stops
attacking American ships rst.

- Abandons isolationism & declares
war on Britain on July 17th 1812.
- Treaty of Ghent ends the War of 1812
and the problems of impressment &
ship seizures fade away.
- Native American resistance weakened
in the NW
Washington suggests not just neutrality, but actually isolationism.
Challenge
Solution Outcome
1. France & Great Britain are still seizing American ships.
2. British are still impressing American soldiers.
3. Native American conicts w/ settlers out West.
4. War Hawks (D-R) in Congress pressure U.S. war with Great Britain.
- Work a strategic deal w/ France
or Great Britain to stop trading w/
the enemy of whoever stops
attacking American ships rst.

- Abandons isolationism & declares
war on Britain on July 17th 1812.
- Treaty of Ghent ends the War of 1812
and the problems of impressment &
ship seizures fade away.
- Native American resistance weakened
in the NW
- National pride in the U.S. soars.
Washington suggests not just neutrality, but actually isolationism.
Challenge
Solution Outcome
1. France & Great Britain are still seizing American ships.
2. British are still impressing American soldiers.
3. Native American conicts w/ settlers out West.
4. War Hawks (D-R) in Congress pressure U.S. war with Great Britain.
- Work a strategic deal w/ France
or Great Britain to stop trading w/
the enemy of whoever stops
attacking American ships rst.

- Abandons isolationism & declares
war on Britain on July 17th 1812.
- Treaty of Ghent ends the War of 1812
and the problems of impressment &
ship seizures fade away.
- Native American resistance weakened
in the NW
- National pride in the U.S. soars.
- Federalist partys war opposition
damages their credibility.
Washington suggests not just neutrality, but actually isolationism.
Washingtons Foreign Policy
Instructions

Be honest and just towards all nations.

Work for peace and harmony with all.

Do not pick favorites.

Steer clear of permanent alliances.

Trade freely with all nations.


What grade would you give Madison with regards to his following Washingtons instructions regarding U.S. foreign policy. Think, pair, share. Indicate the
grade you give him by holding up the letter grade sheet in the envelope.
Washington (F)
(1789 - 1797)
Adams (F)
(1797 - 1801)
Jefferson (D-R)
(1801 - 1809)
Madison (D-R)
(1809- 1817)
Monroe (D-R)
(1817 - 1825)
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
James Monroe
Democratic-Republican
Virginia (Virginia Dynasty). Wins 80% of the electoral college vote
Monroe (D-R)
(1817 - 1825)
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
Problem(s)
Solution(s)
Outcome(s)
James Monroe
Democratic-Republican
Virginia (Virginia Dynasty). Wins 80% of the electoral college vote
Virginia (Virginia Dynasty). Wins 80% of the electoral college vote
(Hart 171)
Monroes foreign policy dilemma comes about from a matter related to revolution. Not an American revolution, or in France, or even a revolution of the
northern states against the southern states, but rather revolutions in latin and south america.

Hart 171
European
Colonization in
North and
South America
in 1750
(Hart 171)
New Latin American nations are weak and vulnerable
Spain had not allowed other nations
to trade with its colonies. Once freed
from Spanish rule, the new Latin
American nations were able to open
their doors to foreign trade

(Hart 171)
This was the appeal of France helping us during the American Revolution.
This is now the appeal of Great Britain.
New Latin American nations are weak and vulnerable
New Latin American nations are weak and vulnerable
New Latin American nations are weak and vulnerable
Should the United
States join with Great
Britain in supporting
the Latin American
nations?


(Hart 171)
Alliance?
...the American continents, by the
free and independent condition
which they have assumed and
maintain, are henceforth not to be
considered as subjects for future
colonization by any European
powers. . .
- President James Monroe
December 2nd, 1823
DBQ
M
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r
o
e

D
o
c
t
r
i
n
e
Agenda

Materials: Notebook (American Foreign Policy


G.O.), writing utensil, laptop (Edmodo)

Review American Foreign Policy Dilemma(s) >


President Monroe

War of 1812 Outline Response

H.W. - Benchmark quiz opens today (3/18) and


closes Friday (3/21)

H.W. - War of 1812 outline response due Friday


(printed out)
Washington (F)
(1789 - 1797)
Adams (F)
(1797 - 1801)
Jefferson (D-R)
(1801 - 1809)
Madison (D-R)
(1809- 1817)
Monroe (D-R)
(1817 - 1825)
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
James Monroe
Democratic-Republican
Virginia (Virginia Dynasty). Wins 80% of the electoral college vote
Monroe (D-R)
(1817 - 1825)
American Foreign Policy
1793 - 1825
Problem(s)
Solution(s)
Outcome(s)
James Monroe
Democratic-Republican
Virginia (Virginia Dynasty). Wins 80% of the electoral college vote
Challenge
Solution
Outcome
Should the U.S. side with Great Britain in order to
support Latin American democracies?
Monroes Foreign Policy
(1817 - 1825)
Washington suggests not just neutrality, but actually isolationism.
Challenge
Solution
Outcome
- Should the U.S. side with Great Britain in order to
support Latin American democracies?
Monroes Foreign Policy
(1817 - 1825)
Washington suggests not just neutrality, but actually isolationism.
Challenge
Solution
Outcome
- Should the U.S. side with Great Britain in order to
support Latin American democracies?
Monroes Foreign Policy
(1817 - 1825)
Monroe Doctrine - Declares North and South
America are closed to future colonization by any
European powers.

U.S. will not accept European interference in
American affairs.
Washington suggests not just neutrality, but actually isolationism.
M
o
n
r
o
e

D
o
c
t
r
i
n
e
Challenge
Solution
Outcome
- Should the U.S. side with Great Britain in order to
support Latin American democracies?
Monroes Foreign Policy
(1817 - 1825)
Washington suggests not just neutrality, but actually isolationism.
Challenge
Solution
Outcome
- Should the U.S. side with Great Britain in order to
support Latin American democracies?
Monroes Foreign Policy
(1817 - 1825)
Monroe Doctrine - Declares North and South
America are closed to future colonization by any
European powers.

U.S. will not accept European interference in
American affairs.
Washington suggests not just neutrality, but actually isolationism.
Challenge
Solution
Outcome
- Should the U.S. side with Great Britain in order to
support Latin American democracies?
Monroes Foreign Policy
(1817 - 1825)
Monroe Doctrine - Declares North and South
America are closed to future colonization by any
European powers.

U.S. will not accept European interference in
American affairs.
American pride and nationalism grows.

U.S. is recognized as a global super power.
Washington suggests not just neutrality, but actually isolationism.
Washingtons Foreign Policy
Instructions

Be honest and just towards all nations.

Work for peace and harmony with all.

Do not pick favorites.

Steer clear of permanent alliances.

Trade freely with all nations.


What grade would you give Monroe with regards to his following Washingtons instructions regarding U.S. foreign policy. Think, pair, share. Indicate the
grade you give him by holding up the letter grade sheet in the envelope.

Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
Was President Madison
justied in shifting American
foreign policy from
isolationism to intervention?
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
Madison claimed the following reasons for why the War of 1812 was necessary? From our research thought we found a number of additional arguments
both pro and con. Do you agree or disagree?
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
Losses at sea, national pride, and
a desire to make the frontier safe
for settlement all contributed to
reasons for war (Hart 169).
Madison claimed the following reasons for why the War of 1812 was necessary? From our research thought we found a number of additional arguments
both pro and con. Do you agree or disagree?
Was the War of 1812 Necessary?
Yes
No
Resolved: President Madison was justied in shifting American foreign policy from isolationism to
intervention.
Arguments
Arguments
Notebook Heading: Was the War of 1812 Necessary?
Was the War of 1812 Necessary?
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
Yes
No
Resolved: President Madison was justied in shifting American foreign policy from isolationism to
intervention.
Arguments
Arguments
Notebook Heading: Was the War of 1812 Necessary?
Pro vs. Con
Pro - Protect American maritime rights and sailors (commerce threat), make the western frontier safe for settlers (national security), expand the American
territory by seizing Canada

Con - Pride and honor are not conditions for going to war, Poorly trained army and an ill-equipped Navy (Hart 169)

Protect American maritime


(trade) rights

Protect American citizens


sailing on the high seas

Make the western frontier safe


for settlement

Defend the pride and honor of


our country

Expand American agricultural


opportunities

Pride and honor are not


conditions for going to war

Peace negotiations have


worked in the past

America has a poorly trained


army and an ill-equipped Navy

Negative consequences on
trade and manufacturing for
New England states (British
blockade)

British military invasion


Pro vs. Con
Pro - Protect American maritime rights and sailors (commerce threat), make the western frontier safe for settlers (national security), expand the American
territory by seizing Canada

Con - Pride and honor are not conditions for going to war, Poorly trained army and an ill-equipped Navy (Hart 169)
Military
Conict
Hypothesis
When you examine the arguments for and against the War of 1812 and then take into consideration your military conict hypothesis.
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
If you were alive during this time in America prior to the War of 1812, how would the events of history and your military conict hypothesis have informed
you?
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
Was the War of
1812 necessary?
If you were alive during this time in America prior to the War of 1812, how would the events of history and your military conict hypothesis have informed
you?
What is your
thesis?
Craft single sentence thesis statement and then go to Edmodo.
Agenda

Materials: Notebook (American Foreign Policy G.O.),


laptop, Politics of the War of 1812 Outline Response

Staple American Foreign Policy graphic organizer into


notebook

War of 1812 Outline Response

H.W. - Benchmark quiz opens today (3/18) and closes


Friday (3/21)

H.W. - War of 1812 outline response due Friday


(printed out)
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
If you were alive during this time in America prior to the War of 1812, how would the events of history and your military conict hypothesis have informed
you?
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
Was the War of
1812 necessary?
If you were alive during this time in America prior to the War of 1812, how would the events of history and your military conict hypothesis have informed
you?
Try to tie in your military conict hypothesis condition into your argument.
Military
Conict
Hypothesis
When you examine the arguments for and against the War of 1812 and then take into consideration your military conict hypothesis.
Try to tie in your military conict hypothesis condition into your argument.
Opponents argument is to YOUR point, not a di#erent point with regards to the necessity of the War of 1812. If you say maritimes rights was justication,
why might someone else argue against that same point. If you said greed for farmland, why would someone else argue against greed for farmland.

STRONG argument reective of a person who is educated, knowledgeable in history. An argument that would be made by someone at or above your
intellectual prowess.
Agenda

Materials: Notebook, writing utensil

Turn-in outline response #1

Seminar: Was the War of 1812 necessary?

Stand Your Ground debate practice

Benchmark quiz closes TODAY!


Seminar Reminders

Raise your hand in order to be selected

Speak condently and support your position with


evidence

Challenge the status-quo

Seek the opinions of everyone, not just friends

No side conversations

Protect American maritime


(trade) rights

Protect American citizens


sailing on the high seas

Make the western frontier safe


for settlement

Defend the pride and honor of


our country

Expand American agricultural


opportunities

Pride and honor are not


conditions for going to war

Peace negotiations have


worked in the past

America has a poorly trained


army and an ill-equipped Navy

Negative consequences on
trade and manufacturing for
New England states (British
blockade)

British military invasion


Pro vs. Con
Pro - Protect American maritime rights and sailors (commerce threat), make the western frontier safe for settlers (national security), expand the American
territory by seizing Canada

Con - Pride and honor are not conditions for going to war, Poorly trained army and an ill-equipped Navy (Hart 169)
When should the
government lead its
people into military
conict?
A nations foreign policy is what often determines whether or not a government will lead its people into military conict. The question you have to
determine as a citizen of this country is when is it justiable or not for the government to make that choice.
Military
Conict
Hypothesis
When you examine the arguments for and against the War of 1812 and then take into consideration your military conict hypothesis.
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
If you were alive during this time in America prior to the War of 1812, how would the events of history and your military conict hypothesis have informed
you?
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
Was the War of
1812 necessary?
If you were alive during this time in America prior to the War of 1812, how would the events of history and your military conict hypothesis have informed
you?
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
If you were alive during this time in America prior to the War of 1812, how would the events of history and your military conict hypothesis have informed
you?
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
Is war a necessary
evil?
If you were alive during this time in America prior to the War of 1812, how would the events of history and your military conict hypothesis have informed
you?
Agenda

Materials: Notebook, writing utensil, laptop


(War of 1812 outline response)

Quality not quantity Revise War of


1812 outline responses

H.W. - Turn in your notebook at the end of


the class period

H.W. - Revised War of 1812 outline


response due Friday printed out (Supporting
Paragraph One only)
War of 1812 Outline
Errors
1st - 2/27
War of 1812 Outline
Errors

Max. sentence violations = 5/81 (6%)


1st - 2/27
War of 1812 Outline
Errors

Max. sentence violations = 5/81 (6%)

France = 11/81 (14%)


1st - 2/27
War of 1812 Outline
Errors

Max. sentence violations = 5/81 (6%)

France = 11/81 (14%)

Point similar to thesis = 12/81 (15%)


1st - 2/27
War of 1812 Outline
Errors

Max. sentence violations = 5/81 (6%)

France = 11/81 (14%)

Point similar to thesis = 12/81 (15%)

Poor grammar = 25/81 (31%)


1st - 2/27
War of 1812 Outline
Errors

Max. sentence violations = 5/81 (6%)

France = 11/81 (14%)

Point similar to thesis = 12/81 (15%)

Poor grammar = 25/81 (31%)

In-Text citation errors = 29/81 (36%)


1st - 2/27
War of 1812 Outline
Errors

Max. sentence violations = 5/81 (6%)

France = 11/81 (14%)

Point similar to thesis = 12/81 (15%)

Poor grammar = 25/81 (31%)

In-Text citation errors = 29/81 (36%)

Errors in Explanations = 37/81 (46%)


1st - 2/27
TO-DO LIST

Revise War of 1812 outline responses

Assist another student in improving their War of


1812 outline responses

Update your military conict hypothesis on your


blog using the knowledge you have gained from
your study of the events leading up tot he War of
1812
Agenda

Materials: Laptop (dmwiki.reedschools.org)

Final reections on American foreign policy


from (1796 - 1825)

Update military conict hypothesis conditions

Document supporting and opposing arguments

H.W. - Revised War of 1812 outline response


due Friday printed out (Supporting Paragraph
One only)
M
o
n
r
o
e

D
o
c
t
r
i
n
e
The new strength and respect for Americas word and position in the world.
M
o
n
r
o
e

D
o
c
t
r
i
n
e
The new strength and respect for Americas word and position in the world.
Examine the strength of Americas word in the world in the past

Chesapeake Leopard A#air
Examine the strength of Americas word in the world in the past

Chesapeake Leopard A#air
Treaty of Paris
(1783)
Great Britain continues to maintain forts
in the NW Territory.
Examine the strength of Americas word in the world in the past

Chesapeake Leopard A#air
Treaty of Paris
(1783)
Great Britain continues to maintain forts
in the NW Territory.
Jay Treaty
(1794)
Great Britain seizes American trading
ships, impresses American sailors, &
attacks American ships.
Examine the strength of Americas word in the world in the past

Chesapeake Leopard A#air
Treaty of Paris
(1783)
Great Britain continues to maintain forts
in the NW Territory.
Jay Treaty
(1794)
Great Britain seizes American trading
ships, impresses American sailors, &
attacks American ships.
XYZ Affair &
Barbary States
(1796, 1802)
French & pirate demands for tribute in
return for peace and safety of U.S.
merchant ships.
Examine the strength of Americas word in the world in the past

Chesapeake Leopard A#air
Treaty of Paris
(1783)
Great Britain continues to maintain forts
in the NW Territory.
Jay Treaty
(1794)
Great Britain seizes American trading
ships, impresses American sailors, &
attacks American ships.
XYZ Affair &
Barbary States
(1796, 1802)
French & pirate demands for tribute in
return for peace and safety of U.S.
merchant ships.
Madisons Trading
Deal
(1809)
France agrees to the deal, but the French
navy has secret orders to continue
seizing American ships
Examine the strength of Americas word in the world in the past

Chesapeake Leopard A#air
Treaty of Paris
(1783)
Great Britain continues to maintain forts
in the NW Territory.
Jay Treaty
(1794)
Great Britain seizes American trading
ships, impresses American sailors, &
attacks American ships.
XYZ Affair &
Barbary States
(1796, 1802)
French & pirate demands for tribute in
return for peace and safety of U.S.
merchant ships.
Madisons Trading
Deal
(1809)
France agrees to the deal, but the French
navy has secret orders to continue
seizing American ships
Bullied States of America
Examine the strength of Americas word in the world in the past

Chesapeake Leopard A#air
Convincing other people to follow our word has not been the ability of America in the past.
Convincing other people to follow our word has not been the ability of America in the past.
What enabled the U.S. able to
convince the European powers to not
interfere with the affairs of the two
Americas in 1823?

Adamss gives the appearance of Yes these conditions are just. So his solution to the XYZ a#air is to recruit an army of 10,000 men and build 12 new
ships for the nations navy. Congress even authorizes a half-war which was an undeclared war against France in which the U.S. seizes more than 80
armed French vessels.

No. ...it would not be good for the country (Hart 165). Why not? Economically, militarily, national security, etc.

Adamss gives the appearance of Yes these conditions are just. So his solution to the XYZ a#air is to recruit an army of 10,000 men and build 12 new
ships for the nations navy. Congress even authorizes a half-war which was an undeclared war against France in which the U.S. seizes more than 80
armed French vessels.

No. ...it would not be good for the country (Hart 165). Why not? Economically, militarily, national security, etc.
Congress votes to recruit 10,000 men
Congress votes to recruit 10,000 men
2011 U.S. military budget $712 billion
China comes in 2nd at $92 billion
$712
billion
2011 U.S. military budget $712 billion
China comes in 2nd at $92 billion
$92
billion
2011 U.S. military budget $712 billion
China comes in 2nd at $92 billion
2011 U.S. military budget $712 billion
China comes in 2nd at $92 billion
When should the
government lead its
people into military
conict?
A nations foreign policy is what often determines whether or not a government will lead its people into military conict. The question you have to
determine as a citizen of this country is when is it justiable or not for the government to make that choice.
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
What important lesson(s) about the
conditions for the use or non-use
of military force should one take
away from studying Americas
foreign policy between 1796 to
1825?
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
RELATIONSHIPS
Would your military conict conditions, as they are written now, properly dealt with the following problems?
RELATIONSHIPS
Would your military conict conditions, as they are written now, properly dealt with the following problems?
RELATIONSHIPS
Would your military conict conditions, as they are written now, properly dealt with the following problems?
TRADE & ECONOMICS
Would your military conict conditions, as they are written now, properly dealt with the following problems?
TRADE & ECONOMICS
Would your military conict conditions, as they are written now, properly dealt with the following problems?
TRADE & ECONOMICS
Would your military conict conditions, as they are written now, properly dealt with the following problems?
TRADE & ECONOMICS
Would your military conict conditions, as they are written now, properly dealt with the following problems?
NATIONAL SECURITY
NATIONAL SECURITY
NATIONAL SECURITY
NATIONAL SECURITY
PRIDE AND HONOR
PRIDE AND HONOR
PRIDE AND HONOR
PRIDE AND HONOR
Military Conict Hypothesis
The conditions upon which a government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?
When it comes to making the decision to lead ones people into military conict.the condition of a relationship cannot be the only factor.

What were the conditions Washington used to decide whether or not to lead our nation into military conict? Do you want to include any of those
conditions in your military conict theory?
Military Conict Hypothesis
The conditions upon which a government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?

Relationship / Alliance
When it comes to making the decision to lead ones people into military conict.the condition of a relationship cannot be the only factor.

What were the conditions Washington used to decide whether or not to lead our nation into military conict? Do you want to include any of those
conditions in your military conict theory?
Military Conict Hypothesis
The conditions upon which a government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?

Relationship / Alliance

Economics
When it comes to making the decision to lead ones people into military conict.the condition of a relationship cannot be the only factor.

What were the conditions Washington used to decide whether or not to lead our nation into military conict? Do you want to include any of those
conditions in your military conict theory?
Military Conict Hypothesis
The conditions upon which a government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?

Relationship / Alliance

Economics

Military Preparedness
When it comes to making the decision to lead ones people into military conict.the condition of a relationship cannot be the only factor.

What were the conditions Washington used to decide whether or not to lead our nation into military conict? Do you want to include any of those
conditions in your military conict theory?
Military Conict Hypothesis
The conditions upon which a government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?

Relationship / Alliance

Economics

Military Preparedness

National Security
When it comes to making the decision to lead ones people into military conict.the condition of a relationship cannot be the only factor.

What were the conditions Washington used to decide whether or not to lead our nation into military conict? Do you want to include any of those
conditions in your military conict theory?
Military Conict Hypothesis
The conditions upon which a government is
justied in leading its people into military conict
are....?

Relationship / Alliance

Economics

Military Preparedness

National Security

Political Popularity
When it comes to making the decision to lead ones people into military conict.the condition of a relationship cannot be the only factor.

What were the conditions Washington used to decide whether or not to lead our nation into military conict? Do you want to include any of those
conditions in your military conict theory?
What are the conditions necessary so that the war in your opinion is justiable and not just an evil, but a necessary evil.
Military
Conict
Hypothesis
Students begin to complete Military Conict Hypothesis graphic organizer
Could your military conict
conditions, as they are
currently written, properly
address the following
problems?
United States
(1781)

France
(1789)

Mexico
(1820)

South America
(1825)
(Frey 171)
United States
(1781)

France
(1789)

Mexico
(1820)

South America
(1825)
(Frey 171)
United States
(1781)

France
(1789)

Mexico
(1820)

South America
(1825)
(Frey 171)
United States
(1781)

France
(1789)

Mexico
(1820)

South America
(1825)
Arab Spring
(Frey 171)
Would your military
conict conditions, as
they are currently
written, have properly
dealt with the following
problems?
What historical
evidence do you have
to support/oppose
your military
conditions?
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
Would these presidents
support or oppose your
position?
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
If a nation breaks a
treaty.

What historical
United States
(1781)

France
(1789)

Mexico
(1820)

South America
(1825)
United States
(1781)

France
(1789)

Mexico
(1820)

South America
(1825)
United States
(1781)

France
(1789)

Mexico
(1820)

South America
(1825)
United States
(1781)

France
(1789)

Mexico
(1820)

South America
(1825)
Arab Spring
In pods of 4, have the students quiz each one another by telling their partner the name of a problem, outcome, or solution and see if their partner can
match it to the correct president.
Name That President
In pods of 4, have the students quiz each one another by telling their partner the name of a problem, outcome, or solution and see if their partner can
match it to the correct president.
Name That President
Washington (F)
(1789 - 1797)
Adams (F)
(1797 - 1801)
Jefferson (D-R)
(1801 - 1809)
Madison (D-R)
(1809- 1817)
In pods of 4, have the students quiz each one another by telling their partner the name of a problem, outcome, or solution and see if their partner can
match it to the correct president.
Agenda

Materials: Notebook (American Foreign


Policy G.O.), textbook, writing utensil

President Monroes Foreign Policy

Canadian Nationalism and the Arab Spring

Benchmark quiz opens Tuesday (3/19) and


closes (3/22)
Agenda

Materials: Notebook (American Foreign


Policy G.O.), textbook, writing utensil

Analyze President Monroes Foreign Policy

Reection: What lessons should we learn?

Power of Revolution - Yesterday to Today

H.W. - Benchmark quiz opens today (3/19)


and closes Friday after school (3/22)
Agenda

Materials: Notebook (American Foreign Policy


G.O.), textbook, writing utensil

PEER Practice Outline - Defending President


Madisons foreign policy decision

H.W.

Notebook collection tomorrow

Benchmark quiz opens today (3/19) and closes


Friday after school (3/22)
When should the
government lead its
people into military
conict?
A nations foreign policy is what often determines whether or not a government will lead its people into military conict. The question you have to
determine as a citizen of this country is when is it justiable or not for the government to make that choice.
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
Losses at sea, national pride, and
a desire to make the frontier safe
for settlement all contributed to
reasons for war (Hart 169).
The following quote in Hart was given to us as President Madisons justication for leading his people into military conict. We are going to focus on
losses at sea and examine what historical evidence exists for this claim.

Have students open the folder on their desk and take out the practice outline.
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism WAR
Isolationism
Point: Great Britain has taken
unjust military action against
innocent Americans on the
high seas.
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Photo by:
http://
www.irwinator
.com/
126/02.jpg
Notice the forts built in the French territory of this map. Also see the strategic location of the Ohio R. as it cuts thru the midwest and connects to the Mississippi River
which outlets into the Gulf of Mexico.

Handout -- 1st and 2nd paragraph
Is there a lesson to be learned from President Jeffersons decision to
shrink the U.S. military?

Does reducing Americas military might provoke more attacks on the
United States?

Why didnt Jefferson just tax American citizens to raise money instead of
reducing the size of the military?

Does foreign diplomacy work if there is not a strong military to back it
up?

Does defense spending trump educational spending? Better to have a
strong military or a well educated public?
Historical Application
Presidential Foreign Policy
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism Isolationism
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism War
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism War
Did the policy of isolationism
create more attacks on the U.S.?
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism War
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Presidential Foreign Policy
Isolationism Isolationism Isolationism War
Washington (1789 - 1797)
Is war a necessary evil?
Monroe Doctrine
Monroe Doctrine

The U.S. would not interfere in the affairs of European


nations.

The U.S. would recognize, and not interfere with, colonies


that already exist in North & South America.

The W. Hemisphere is off-limits to future colonization by


any foreign power.

The U.S. would consider any European powers attempt to


colonize or interfere with any nation in the Western
Hemisphere to be a hostile act.
By what right did the United States presume to tell other
nations what they could do in the two Americas?

-- French Newspaper
[Source: History Alive pg. 172]
Why did the United States choose to stand up for
Freedom loving people in Latin America, in 1823
bud didnt stand up for Free loving people in
France when they were at war with Britain?
3...2...1.....ACTION!
3...2...1.....ACTION!

As a group, come up with a 2-minute skit/debate


which covers the key words assigned to that topic.
the following components.
3...2...1.....ACTION!

As a group, come up with a 2-minute skit/debate


which covers the key words assigned to that topic.
the following components.

Each group member must have a speaking part.


3...2...1.....ACTION!

As a group, come up with a 2-minute skit/debate


which covers the key words assigned to that topic.
the following components.

Each group member must have a speaking part.

No group member can talk for more than 10


seconds.
3, 2, 1.......Action
3, 2, 1.......Action
Louisiana Territory (pg. 198)
3, 2, 1.......Action
Louisiana Territory (pg. 198)
Port of New Orleans
3, 2, 1.......Action
Louisiana Territory (pg. 198)
Port of New Orleans
Napoleon
3, 2, 1.......Action
Louisiana Territory (pg. 198)
Port of New Orleans
Napoleon
Thomas Jefferson
3, 2, 1.......Action
Louisiana Territory (pg. 198)
Port of New Orleans
Napoleon
Thomas Jefferson
negotiation
3, 2, 1.......Action
Louisiana Territory (pg. 198)
Port of New Orleans
Napoleon
Thomas Jefferson
negotiation
15, 1803
3, 2, 1.......Action
Louisiana Territory (pg. 198)
Port of New Orleans
Napoleon
Thomas Jefferson
negotiation
15, 1803
*elastic clause