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NTERNATONAL JOURNAL OF ELECTRCAL, ELECTRONCS AND COMPUTER SYSTEMS, VOLUME 2, SSUE 1, MAY 2011

Taffic Fls Mdelig f a Digital Cete at


ABU Usig OPNET Sftae
Fida Yakubu, Ba . Amad
Abstact Te lage umbe f cmutes gettig cected eveda t te teet is becmig me ad me seamlessl
ig it te decease i te ice f cmutes ad etk devices. Te Digital Cete attedats is t bette udestad
te beavi f alicatis taffic fls ad eected meits f etk tlg befe makig fial decisi. T ave te idea
f te taffic beavi ad eected efmace f te e tlg, simulati ad mdelig teciue ffes te best a f
eamiig te timal etk desig ad alicatis taffic cfiguatis. Te bjective f tis k is t mdel a Digital
Cete at Amadu Bell Uivesit (ABU), Zaia-Nigeia, its etk tlg, alicatis evimet ad eamie te usage
f alicatis. Alicati ad use files used i te Digital Cete ee develed. Tese alicatis iclude FTP cliets,
e-mail tasfe agets, eb bses, VOP ad Vide alicatis. Te esults btaied it live acket taces usig Eteeal
ee eamied ad te simulati cfiguati adjusted accdigl. Fiall, te simulati mdel as develed usig te
OPNET Mdele sftae ackage, ad aalsis f te taffic fls beavi ee studied.
Ide Tems Simulati; Mdelig; OPNET; Digital Cete; ad Taffics Fls
1 INTRODUCTION
e decease i le ice f cnules ad
devices is iceasig ceclivil f Iage
unle f cnules l le Ileel. I le
Ileel lusiess Id, na ae cagig le
lIg f le elk l sul ne Ile-
el aIicalis. Te eeds f lelle ude-
sladig f le alicialed leefils f e el-
k lIg cal le ude eslinaled. T
eI udeslad le leefils, sinuIali ad
ndeIig give uick ad ieesive a f
sludig nuIliIe sceais ad idelifig le
lesl ssilIe cfiguali |1j. DigilaI Cele is
a ane used l efe l a Iace i AU Zaia
ee sludels as eII as slaff lse le Ile-
el f fee. Tse naagig le DigilaI Celes
na al l k if eislig elk lIg
ad ils esuces ae sufficiel l sul le
e Ileel aIicalis sevices. Te iee-
sive a l udeslad le eaI siluali is l
ceale a ndeI f le eislig elk ad slud
il as sugale f eaI ssfom usIg ofk
sImuInf. SImuInfI Is n ocoIIof fI f
sfudIg ofmnco nd IdofIfIg fo
cnuso f bIoms I fo ofk l2. TIs n
o doscIbos fo fIsf sfo I confIg n sImu
InfI mdoI f n IgIfnI Cofo nf AI!, Zn
InIgoIn Ic IcIudos mdoIIg Ifs of
k fIg, nIIcnfIs, nd uso fIIos.
IInII, doscIbos fo sImuInfI mdoI usIg
OIIT MdoIo.
2 METHODOLOGY
ofk efmace evaIuali is a cilicaI
asecl f elk sevices eseac lal aIIs
le evaIuali f e ideas, idelificali f
bIems, bllIeecks ad limizali f eisl-
ig sslems. Tee ae lee geeaI aaces
l elk evaIuali |1j:
1. Illig (Measuemels): buiId le
sslem ad see il ks.
2. AaIlicaI mdeIig: deive a male-
malicaI mdeI f le sslem ad use il
l aaIze le sslem.
3. SimuIali: buiId a sflae mdeI f
le sslem.
Illig is msl f le lime l viabIe
lime csumig eseciaII f Iage scaIe ss-
lems. Il aIs vides Iimiled clI ad bse-
vali. I addili, lee ae ma bslacIes i
le cess f efmig sme sludies. Te
msl eII k leciue amg les is
buiIdig eaI lesl-bed f efmace aaIsis.
Tis is fle l feasibIe because f le csl i-
vIved. SimiIaI, aaIlicaI mdeIig cal
calue igI cmIe sslems |3j. I lese
eass, simuIali leciue emeged as a
allaclive aIlealive lal is eaviI used i e-
fmace evaIuali f cmule sslems. Tus,
il becmes ecessa l buiId a simuIali md-
eI ad slud il as a sugale f a acluaI ss-
lem.
T
|ida Ya|uou is i| |a Aouoa|a Cnu|c Cc|c, Anadu 8c||
Uitcsi|, Zaia, Nigcia.|-nai|. a|fi a.cn.
8a |. Anad is i| |c Dca|nc| f Ma|cna|ics, Anadu 8c||
Uitcsi|, Zaia, Nigcia. |-nai|. oaiaa.c.u|.
T deveI a simuIali mdeI f le lageled
elk evimel, le sicaI lIg f
le elk as eamied ad sludied.
T subslilule le lageled elk evimel,
a elk mdeI l eamie ad vaIidale le
imIemelali f idividuaI aIicali md-
eIs as deveIed usig le OINIT mdeIe.
2.1 Netk TIg
Te sicaI lIg f le DigilaI Cele is
deicled i Iigues 1 ad 2. Te lageled DigilaI
Cele is a LAN elk geealig UDI ad
TCI laffic fIs. Te elk evimel
csisls f leIve cIiel sls islaIIed il
Wids ealig sslem. Te sls ae c-
ecled l a CISCO silc, ad eac f le sls
cmmuicales il a f le lee diffeel
seves via a ieIess Iik. Te silc ad le
le l kslalis ae cecled via al-
e CISCO silc. Te Iasl silc is cecled l
a ule lal seves as a galea l le Ileel.
Te LAN as badidl f 100 megabils, Iik
dala ale f 64,000 bs ad ule buffe f 2M.
Te elk is assumed l vide laffic fIs
sigificalI fasle la al le ieIess Iik
ca lasmil. Te DigilaI Cele is acluaII c-
ecled l le Uivesil elk ad ils Ileel
cecli. Sludig le elie Uivesil el-
k is l al f le cveage f lis ae.
Iigue 1 iIIuslales le lIg f le lageled
Uivesil DigilaI Cele elk ad ils Ile-
el ceclis. I le simuIaled evimel,
l diffeel sls ee sel l geeale vice
ad vide sleams ad eac f le le sls ge-
eales TCI laffic. Taffic saig as l im-
sed i le elk selu.
Te laffic fIs ae faded base esl-
effl sceme. Te Ileel is simuIaled usig a
II32 cIud, a buiIl-i OINIT mdeI.
2.2 Mdc!!ig TaIIics
Te ackel laces fm le Uivesil DigilaI
Cele ee cIIecled ad aaIzed usig Ile-
eaI, ubIic dmai lcI aaIsis sflae
|4j. Te msl cmmI used aIicalis i le
lageled elk evimel ee idelified
ad deIed il le simuIali mdeI f le
DigilaI Cele. We divided lese aIicalis
il five calegies as s i labIe 1.
T cfigue ad mdeI le beavi f le la-
geled DigilaI Cele i OINIT, le AIicali
ad IfiIe Cfiguali mduIes ee added
l le emuIaled lagel elk evimel as
s i figue 1. Te AIicali Cfigua-
li mduIe clais le aIicali defiilis,
iIe le IfiIe Cfiguali mduIe clais
le fiIes f use beavi.
2.3 AIicati ad PfiIe Cfiguati
f te Tageted DigitaI Cete
IfiIes descibe le aclivil alles f a use
gu f uses i lems f le aIicalis used
TABLE 1
APPLCATON DEFNTONS
A!icati Mcaig
e-MaiI (Iigl) Idicale Iigl aclivilies f e-maiI
aIicali
e-MaiI (eav) Idicale eav aclivilies f e-maiI
ITI (Iigl) Idicale Iigl fiIe lasfe aclivilies
ITI (eav) Idicale eav fiIe lasfe aclivilies
Web bsig
(Iigl)
Idicale Iigl bsig aclivilies
Web bsig
(eav)
Idicale eav bsig aclivilies
Vide sleamig Idicale Walcig Iive vide las-
missi
VIOI sleam Idicale duIe vice aclivilies
Iigue 1: Nelk Ma (Iefl), Lal Selu (igl)
3
ve a eid f lime ad f eac aIicali
defiili, u ca secif usage aameles
suc as slal lime, duali ad eealabiIil |6j.
Te lageled DigilaI Cele as seveaI diffeel
fiIes uig ccuelI ils LAN. Usig
OINIT le diffeel fiIes ee cfigued l
u ccuelI.
Iigue 2: IfiIe Cfigualis
Te fiIes clai a Iisl f aIicalis s
i labIe 1. Iigue 2 deicls le fiIe cfigua-
lis.
A fiIe is cslucled usig diffeel aIica-
li defiilis. Te lageled evimel as
idelicaI aIicalis il diffeel usage a-
ameles. Heve, diffeel ames ee used
l idelif lese dislicl aIicali defiilis.
Iigue 3 deicls le aIicali cfigualis.
Iigue 3: IfiIe Cfigualis
3 MODELLING APPLICATIONS IN OPNET
We mdeIed le use aIicalis via OINIT
MdeIe simuIali sflae. OINIT MdeIe
vides sladad buiIl-i mdeIs f sflae
aIicalis suc as c| (HTTP), c-nai|, |TP,
ad cnic |gi, ic ca be easiI cfigued
l simuIale aIicalis used i le DigilaI Ce-
le |6j.
3.1 Cfiguig Web (HTTP) AIicatis
T cfigue a eb bsig aIicali, le
aIicali amed HTTI as seIecled fm le
Iisl f buiIl-i mdeIs. OINIT vides e-sel
cfigualis suc as: Iigi Bsig, Hcat
Bsig, Scacig, |nagc Bsig. I le-
lageled elk evimel, Iigl ad eav
bsig ee seIecled. TabIe 2 ss le e-
sel cfigualis aameles f le seIecled
eb aIicalis, iIe Iigue 3 iIIuslales sles
f cfiguig a eb aIicali i OINIT.
HTTP Sccijicaii ic defies le vesi f
HTTI lcI, Pagc |icaita| Tinc ic se-
cifies lime i secds belee cseculive eb-
age dIads, ad le f sevice secifies
laffic saig Iic adaled.
Iigue 4: CfIguIg n Wob AIIcnfI I
OIIT
3.2 Cfiguig e-MaiI AIicatis
T cfigue a e-maiI aIicali, le aIica-
li amed e-MaiI as seIecled fm le Iisl f
buiIl-i mdeIs. OINIT vides esel cfi-
gualis f e-maiI aIicali as eII.
Te e sel e-maiI cfigualis icIude I
Ia!, Mc!iun Ia!, ad Hig Ia!. Te mdeI
aIs aIIs cuslm cfiguali via aameles
suc as Sc!(|cccitc) |icaita| Tinc ic se-
kjk
TABLE 2
HEAVY (TOP) AND LGHT (DOWN) WEB BROWSNG
CONFGURATON
Attibutc Va!uc
HTTI secificali HTTI 1.1
Iage ileaivaI lime
(secd)
IeliaI (60)
Te f sevice esl effl
Attibutc Va!uc
HTTI secificali HTTI 1.1
Iage ileaivaI lime
(secd)
IeliaI (720)
Te f sevice esl effl
cif le amul f lime i secds belee c-
seculive sel (eceive) ealis, Sc!(|cccitc)
Gu Sizc ic delemie le umbe f e-
maiIs messages e sigIe sel(eceive) ea-
li, ad |-Mai| Sizc ic defies le size f e-
maiI message i bles. Te e-maiI cfigualis
f seIecled Iads ae s i TabIe 3 ad aIs
figue 5 ss l cfigue a e-maiI aIi-
cali i OINIT.
Iigue 5: CfIguIg n omnII AIIcnfI
I OIIT
3.3 Cfiguig FTP AIicatis
T cfigue fl aIicali, le aIicali
amed fl as seIecled fm le Iisl f buiIl-i
mdeIs. OINIT aIs vides esel cfigua-
lis f ITI aIicali. Te esel ITI cfi-
gualis icIude I Ia!, Mc!iun Ia!, ad
Hig Ia!. Te |ic-|cucsi Tinc aamele is
le lime i secds belee cseculive ITI
euesls. Te |i|c Sizc defies le size i bles f
le ITI fiIe l be lasfeed. Te e-maiI cfi-
gualis ae s i TabIe 4, iIe figue 6
deicls l cfigue a ITI aIicali i
OINIT.
Iigue 6: CfIguIg n ff AIIcnfI I
OIIT
3.4 Cfiguig VOIP Steam
I de l mdeI VOII laffic i OINIT, a
b|ecl caIIed aIicali defiili allibule
ic csisl f edefied aIicalis as
mdified l sul vice sleamig. Te Vice
aIicali as mdeIed b cfiguig le
(Vicc) Ta||c aameles. Te VII aIicali
uses G.711 ecde sceme ad Ileaclive Vice
(6) as le le f sevice f eslabIisig le
VII caIIs. Te Vide sleam cfiguali is
s i TabIe 5 ad figue 7 iIIuslales le c-
figuali f VIOI sleam aIicali i OI-
NIT.
TABLE 3
HGH (TOP) AND LOW (DOWN) LOAD EMAL CONF-
GURATON
Attibutc Va!uc
Sed ileaivaI lime
(secd)
IeliaI (360)
Sed gu size Cslal (3)
Receive ileaivaI lime
(secd)
IeliaI (360)
e-maiI size (bles) Cslal (2000)
Te f sevice esl effl
Attibutc Va!uc
Sed ileaivaI
lime (secd)
IeliaI (3600)
Sed gu size Cslal (3)
Receive ileaivaI
lime (secd)
IeliaI (3600)
e-maiI size (bles) Cslal (500)
Te f sevice esl effl
TABLE 4
HEAVY (TOP) AND LGHT (BOTTOM) FLE TRANSFER
CONFGURATON
Attibutc Va!uc
IleReuesl lime
(secds)
IeliaI (360)
IiIe size (bles) Cslal (50000)
Te f sevice esl effl
Attibutc Va!uc
IleReuesl lime
(secds)
IeliaI (3600)
IiIe size (bles) Cslal (1000)
Te f sevice esl effl
5
Iigue 7: CfIguIg VOII AIIcnfI I
OIIT
3.5 Cfiguig Vide Steam
T mdeI vide sleam aIicali, aIicali
defiili allibule b|ecl ic csisl f e-
defied aIicalis as used il mdificali
le edefied aameles. Te Vide sleam
cfiguali is s i TabIe 6, iIe figue 7
descibes cfiguali f Vide sleam aIica-
li i OINIT.
Iigue 7: CfIguIg VIdo Sfonm AIIcn
fI.
4 CONCLUSION
Il is uile cmm f muIliIe uses f le I-
leel l gel cecled al le same lime, ad
uig muIliIe elkig aIicalis i-
cIudig vide ad VOII aIicalis. Cse-
uelI, lee ae ma cicumslaces i ic
le Iasl Iik becmes a bllIeeck esuIlig
i cgesli amg uses aIicalis. Tis
ae descibes le meldIg deveIed f
mdeIig aIicalis ad use fiIes i a
DigilaI Cele al Amadu eII Uivesil, Za-
ia-Nigeia usig OINIT MdeIe.
REFERENCES
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Performance Evaluation Metrics: Can buffer size
override the higher rotational speed of hard disk in
terms of overall performance or throughput?,
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Journal of American Science 2010, ISSN: 1545-1003.
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m0610/59_3458am0610_503_508.pdf, accessed on
25/3/2011.
[2] D. Anagnostopoulos and M. Nikolaidou (2001). An
Object-Oriented Modeling Approach for Dynamic
Computer Network Simulation, International Journal of
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http://www.dit.hua.gr/~mara/publications/ijms01.pdf,
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Simulation with Mixed Traffic Data Sources, Western
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hamilton.com/wmc00/Hamilton_WMC2000.pdf,
accessed on 15/10/2010.
[4] Ethereal: A Network Protocol Analyzer,
http://www.ethereal.com, accessed 8/15/2006.
[5] OPNET Technologies, Inc. http://www.opnet.com/,
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[6] OPNET Technologies, Inc. OPNET Modeler Product
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20/10/2010.
TABLE 5
VOP STREAM CONFGURATON
Attibutc Va!uc
SiIece Iegl (secds) IeliaI (0.65)
TaIk sul Iegl (secds) IeliaI (0.352)
Icde sceme G.711 (siIece)
Vice fame e ackel 1
Te f sevice Ileaclive (6)
TABLE 6
VDEO STREAM CONFGURATON
Attibutc Va!uc
Iame ilevaI lime 10 fames/sec
Iame size 128120 ieIs
Te f sevice esl effl
Taffic mi (%) AII discele