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Processing Speed By Vicki & Stephanie

- Allow longer response time

for the student to respond
orally, complete assignments
and make decisions
- Allow extra time for tests
- Provide extra time to
complete in-class assignments
- Reduce the amount of work
the student is required to do
- Shorten the assignment so it
can be accomplished within the
time allotted
- Focus on quality of
productions rather than
- Shorten drill and practice
- Provide copies of notes
- Provide instruction to increase
reading speed by training
reading fluency, ability to
recognize common letter
- Provide times activities to
build speed and automaticity
with basic skills such as: reading
list of high frequency words as
fast as possible
- Calculating simple math facts
as soon as possible
Learning math calculations
though flash cards
- Charting daily performance-
- Focus on the knowledge the
student has, rather than on
speed tests to complete a large
number of questions within a
limited time.
- Emphasize accuracy rather
than speed
- Replace times tests with
alternative assessment
- Allow extra time for tests and
- Provide a reader or text-to-
voice software
- Use test formats with
reduced written output
It involves the ability to automatically & fluently perform relatively easy or over-
learned cognitive tasks without intentionally thinking it through.
Students with slow processing speed
may have problems with rate of
learning, comprehension of new
material, speed of performance, and
mental fatigue
Most obvious classroom implication
is that their response is slower than
average or any type of task,
regardless of assignment or subject
Working Memory
PS is related to
WM in that
processing speed
an decrease the
load placed on WM
while decreased SP
can impair the
effectiveness of
Empirical studies that have increased processing speed are very limited in
number, thus the primary intervention may be accommodations
Processing Speed Interventions
HELPS: uses repeated readings, model reading, systematic error progress, use
of praise & reward systems, verbal cuing to help reading fluency
Number Sense: Student plays board game to build skills related to number
sense including number identification, counting, estimation skills and ability
to visualize number on an internal number line.
Math Flash: A computerized number combinations intervention that uses
flash card instruction and promotes the automaticity of facts