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BROWNFIELDS | POST-INDUSTRIAL POSSIBILITIES

Porland
Oregon city
Oregon State
ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY (EPA) | REGION 10
OREGON, WASHINGTON, IDAHO, ALASKA
BROWNFIELD: real property, the
expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may
be complicated by the presence or potential
presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or
contaminant.
POST-INDUSTRIAL SITES
PORTLAND
OREGON CITY
BROWNFIELD: Real property, the
expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may
be complicated by the presence or potential
presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or
contaminant.
SUPERFUND: The name given to
the environmental program established to
address abandoned hazardous waste sites.
It is also the name of the fund established by
the Comprehensive Environmental Response,
Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA). This
law was enacted in the wake of the discovery of
toxic waste dumps in the 1970s. It allows the EPA
to clean up such sites and to compel responsible
parties to perform cleanups or reimburse the
government for EPA-lead cleanups.
POST-INDUSTRIAL SITES
PORTLAND
OREGON CITY
BROWNFIELD: real property, the
expansion, redevelopment, or reuse of which may
be complicated by the presence or potential
presence of a hazardous substance, pollutant, or
contaminant.
SUPERFUND: The name given to
the environmental program established to
address abandoned hazardous waste sites.
It is also the name of the fund established by
the Comprehensive Environmental Response,
Compensation and Liability Act (CERCLA). This
law was enacted in the wake of the discovery of
toxic waste dumps in the 1970s. It allows the EPA
to clean up such sites and to compel responsible
parties to perform cleanups or reimburse the
government for EPA-lead cleanups.
NPL: The list of national priorities among
the known releases or threatened releases of
hazardous substances, pollutants, or contaminants.
The NPL is intended primarily to guide the
EPA in determining which sites warrant further
investigation.
POST-INDUSTRIAL SITES
PORTLAND
OREGON CITY
721 Acres | 13 Sites
NPL
SUPERFUND
BROWNFIELDS
TOTAL:
2667 Acres | 105 Sites
1310 Acres | 23 Sites
636 Acres | 69 Sites
POST-INDUSTRIAL SITES
WEST LINN PAPER COMPANY
BLUE HERON MILL
AERATION POND
AERATION POND
15 ACRES
PGE POWER PLANT
3.5 ACRES
WEST LINN
12 ACRES
BLUE HERON
22.6 ACRES
DOWNTOWN OREGON CITY
WEST LINN PAPER COMPANY
BLUE HERON PAPER MILL
OREGON CITYS NEWEST POST-INDUSTRIAL SITE
WOOLEN MILL FOUNDATION
DE-INK BUILDING
CLARIFIER
FORMER FUEL STORAGE
HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS & RAIL SPUR
#4 PAPER MACHINE
BOILERS
HAWLEY MILL
#1 PAPER MACHINE
RAILROAD BARRIER
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AERIAL & CONTEXT
BLUE HERON PAPER MILL
OREGON CITYS NEWEST POST-INDUSTRIAL SITE
WOOLEN MILL FOUNDATION
DE-INK BUILDING
CLARIFIER
FORMER FUEL STORAGE
HYDRAULIC SYSTEMS & RAIL SPUR
#4 PAPER MACHINE
BOILERS
HAWLEY MILL
#1 PAPER MACHINE
W
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FIGURE - GROUND
BLUE HERON PAPER MILL
OREGON CITYS NEWEST POST-INDUSTRIAL SITE
HIDDEN WATER MOVEMENT AND OUTFLOWS
WORKING OUTFALLS
TAILRACE
FILTER PLANT OUTFALL
DESERTED OUTFALLS
MILL H. OUTFALL
TAILRACE | CONVEYANCE OF INDUSTRIAL WASTEWATER
BLUE HERON PAPER MILL
OREGON CITYS NEWEST POST-INDUSTRIAL SITE
ARSENIC 10.7 mg/L
CONTAMINATION SAMPLE SITES | HEAVY METALS
CONTAMINATION
SAMPLE SITES
ARSENIC 50.2 mg/L
ARSENIC 8.2 mg/L
ARSENIC 9.9 mg/L
ARSENIC 17.9 mg/L
LEAD 1480 mg/L
COPPER 22.1 mg/L
COPPER 84.6 mg/L | ZINC 119 mg\ L
COPPER 37 mg/L | ZINC 833 MG/L
CADMIUM 1.4 mg/L | COPPER 21.2 mg\ L
COPPER 41 mg\ L
BLUE HERON PAPER MILL
OREGON CITYS NEWEST POST-INDUSTRIAL SITE
CONTAMINATION SAMPLE SITES | PCBs as AROCLORS
CONTAMINATION
SAMPLE SITES
PCBS (AROCLORS) .888 mg/L
PCBS (AROCLORS) 2.9 mg/L
BLUE HERON PAPER MILL
OREGON CITYS NEWEST POST-INDUSTRIAL SITE
DIOXINS 107.28 mg/L
CONTAMINATION SAMPLE SITES | DIOXINS
CONTAMINATION
SAMPLE SITES
DIOXINS 40.81 mg/L
DIOXINS 81.5 mg/L
DIOXINS (1/2 DL) 20.03 mg/L
DIOXINS 18.6 mg/L
DIOXINS 2.347 mg/L
DIOXINS 2.864 mg/L
DIOXINS 3.383 mg/L
BLUE HERON PAPER MILL
OREGON CITYS NEWEST POST-INDUSTRIAL SITE
BENZO(A)PYRENE .46 mg\ L | DIOXINS 107.28 mg/L
CONTAMINATION SAMPLE SITES | HYDROCARBONS
CONTAMINATION
SAMPLE SITES
BENZO(B)FLURANTHENE 5.2 mg/L
BENZ(A)ANTHRACENE 11.4 mg/L | BENZO(A)PYRENE 2.9 mg\ L
BLUE HERON PAPER MILL
OREGON CITYS NEWEST POST-INDUSTRIAL SITE
ARSENIC 10.7 mg/L | BENZO(A)PYRENE .46 mg\ L | DIOXINS 107.28 mg/L
CONTAMINATION SAMPLE SITES | SITE SPECIFIC RESULTS
CONTAMINATION
SAMPLE SITES
ARSENIC 50.2 mg/L
ARSENIC 8.2 mg/L
ARSENIC 9.9 mg/L
ARSENIC 17.9 mg/L | DIOXINS 40.81 mg/L
LEAD 1480 mg/L
BENZO(B)FLURANTHENE 5.2 mg/L
BENZ(A)ANTHRACENE 11.4 mg/L | BENZO(A)PYRENE 2.9 mg\ L
PCBS (AROCLORS) .888 mg/L
PCBS (AROCLORS) 2.9 mg/L | DIOXINS 81.5 mg/L | COPPER 22.1 mg/L
DIOXINS (1/2 DL) 20.03 mg/L
DIOXINS 18.6 mg/L
COPPER 84.6 mg/L | ZINC 119 mg\ L
COPPER 37 mg/L | ZINC 833 MG/L
CADMIUM 1.4 mg/L | COPPER 21.2 mg\ L
COPPER 41 mg\ L
DIOXINS 2.347 mg/L
DIOXINS 2.864 mg/L
DIOXINS 3.383 mg/L
WOOLEN MILL FOUNDATION
CLARIFIER
FORMER FUEL STORAGE
#4 PAPER MACHINE
BOILERS
HAWLEY MILL
FORMER UNDERGROUND FUEL STORAGE
#1 PAPER MACHINE
BLUE HERON PAPER MILL
OREGON CITYS NEWEST POST-INDUSTRIAL SITE
MAPPING CONTAMINATION HOTSPOTS
FORMER UNDERGROUND FUEL STORAGE
FORMER UNDERGROUND FUEL STORAGE
TRANSFORMER STORAGE
CH
3
CH
3
CH
3
CH
3
Cl Cl
Cl Cl
Cl Cl
Cl Cl
Cl Cl
Cl Cl
O
O
Cl
Cl Cl
Cl
O
O
Cl
Cl Cl
Cl
O
O
Cl
Cl Cl
Cl
O
O
Cl
Cl Cl
Cl
O
O
Cl
Cl Cl
Cl
As
Cd
As
As
As
As
Pb
Zn
Zn
Cu
Cu
Cu
Cu
CH
3
CH
3
OH
O
HO
Cl Cl
Cl Cl
O
O
Cl
Cl Cl
Cl
BLUE HERON PAPER MILL
OREGON CITYS NEWEST POST-INDUSTRIAL SITE
COPPER
LEAD
ZINC
ARSENIC
PCB - AROCLORS
BENZ(A)ANTHRACENE
BENZO(B)FLUORATHANE
DIOXINS - HpCDD
BENZO(A)PYRENE
MAPPING CONTAMINATION | TOTAL TOXIC TALLY
Cu
Pb
Zn
As
OXIDATION
WEST LINN PAPER COMPANY
BLUE HERON COMPANY
BOISE WHITE PAPER, LLC
GRAPHIC PACKAGING INTERNATIONAL, INC
WEST LINN PAPER COMPANY
KOCH INDUSTRIES INC
SP FIBER TECHNOLOGIES LLC
INTERNATIONAL PAPER CO
134 Acres
37 Acres
140 Acres
69 Acres
28 Acres
13 Acres
ACTIVE INDUSTRIAL SITES
ACTIVE STATEWIDE PAPER MILLS
OUR NEXT BROWNFIELDS?
TOTAL: 421 Acres
POST-INDUSTRIAL SUCCESS STORIES
East Lents Floodplain Restoration Project
Rollin Tire Site
Pearl District
Tanner Springs Park
BROWNFIELD | GREENFIELD
THE PEARL DISTRICT | TANNER SPRINGS PARK
C C C C
H
H H
H
Hydrocarbon PCB Lead Zinc
Pb
Zn
C l C l
C l C l
BROWNFIELDS | IMPETUS OF GROWTH
POST-INDUSTRIAL SUCCESS STORIES
BEFORE
AFTER
REMEDIATION | CONSTRUCTION
EXCAVATED
1425 TONS
OF SOIL
CAPPED
PEARL DISTRICT
345 ACRES
TANNER SPRINGS PARK
1ACRE
0.17 Acres
POST INDUSTRIAL SUCCESS STORIES
BROWNFIELD | GREENFIELD
c
c
c
c c
c
H
H
H H
H H
EAST LENTS FLOODPLAIN RESTORATION PROJ ECT
H3C
Benzoapyrene Ethylbenzene Naphthalene Benzene
BROWNFIELDS | CATALYST FOR CHANGE
BEFORE REMEDIATION
AFTER
EXCAVATED
623 TONS
OF SOIL
Existing Parks
FUTURE OF PORTLAND?
BROWNFIELD | GREENFIELD?
Post-Industrial Areas
Existing Parks
FUTURE OF PORTLAND?
BROWNFIELD | GREENFIELD?
BROWNFIELD | GREENFIELD?
CREATING SYSTEMS
Birmingham, AL, USA
Lusatian Lakeland, Germany
Monterey, Mexico
Museum of Steel
Surfacedesign Inc.
Railroad Park
Brasfeld & Gorrie, LLC
POTEMKIN
Casagrande & Rintala
Landmark Lusatian
Stefan Giers
J apan
MAPPING PORTLAND METROS POST-INDUSTRIAL POTENTIAL
DIFFERING TYPOLOGIES
Lignite Fields
30 interconnected lakes
Largest Artifcial Lake in Europe
ENERGY
The Lusatian Route of
Industrial Heritage
BROWNFIELD | GREENFIELD?
CREATING SYSTEMS
ENERGY
The Lusatian Route of
Industrial Heritage
INTERCONNECTED POST-INDUSTRIAL PARK SYSTEM
GERMANYS
BIOREMEDIATION BROWNFIELDS ECOLOGICAL, SOCIAL, CULTURAL AMENITIES
10 COMPLETED SITES | 30 PROJ ECTS TOTAL
BERLIN
DRESEDEN
RESOURCE EXTRACTION & PRODUCTION
Lauchhammer Bio-Towers
Plessa Power Station
Overburden Conveyer
Bridge F60
MAPPING PORTLAND METROS POST-INDUSTRIAL POTENTIAL
PHOTO CREDITS | SOURCES
PHOTOGRAPH CREDITS
SOURCES
http://www.fickr.com/photos/ryanmcclintock/with/2166779251/
EPA - http://epa.gov/brownfelds/
EPA - http://www.epa.gov/superfund/
EPA - http://www.epa.gov/superfund/sites/npl/
Oregon DEQ - http://www.deq.state.or.us/news/databases.htm
Oregon DEQ - http://www.oregon.gov/DEQ/Pages/index.aspx
Oregon DEQ - http://www.deq.state.or.us/lq/cu/brownfelds/
http://www.portlandoregon.gov/bes/article/286175
CIty of Portland- http://www.portlandoregon.gov/bes/35008
http://www.groundworkportland.org/emerson-street-garden/
http://www.oregonmetro.gov/index.cfm/go/by.web/id=23498
http://cfpub.epa.gov/bf_factsheets/gfs/index.cfm?xpg_id=7541&display_type=HTML
http://www.otak.com/portfolio/waterresources/east-lents-foodplain-restoration-project/
http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/6/65/Landschaftspark_Duisburg-Nord_green-lights.jpg
http://www.landezine.com/index.php/2011/07/landscape-architecture-steel-museum/
http://www.landezine.com/index.php/2010/11/landmark-lusatian-by-stefan-giers/stefan-giers-landscape-architecture-landmark-viewpoint-03/
http://www.landezine.com/index.php/2010/12/potemkin-post-industrial-meditation-park-by-casagrande-rintala/
http://www.fickr.com/photos/22809952@N03/5003123700/
http://www.cclr.org/resources/OR
Locally Undersirable Land Uses - http://www.jstor.org/stable/797089?seq=2
Locally Undersirable Land Uses - http://fles.ali-cle.org/thumbs/datastorage/lacidoirep/articles/PREL1003-Filippini_thumb.pdf
http://farm2.staticfickr.com/1180/5162778007_3c74809a90_o.jpg
http://www.erih.net/regional-routes/germany/lusatia.html
GIS Shapefles - http://www.epa.gov/envirofw/html/frs_demo/geospatial_data/history.html
GIS Shapefles - http://www.portlandoregon.gov/bts/article/268487
GIS Shapefles - http://rlisdiscovery.oregonmetro.gov/
GIS Shapefles - http://www.oregon.gov/DAS/CIO/GEO/Pages/sdlibrary.aspx
GIS Shapefles - http://www.epa.gov/envirofw/geo_data.html