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COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

ALCATEL-LUCENT 1830 PHOTONIC SERVICE SWITCH

Pedja Dragovic, Optics PLM
April 2012
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

3
1. Portfolio Introduction
2. Detailed product roadmap
3. Internal Architecture
a) System Architecture
b) Photonic Architecture
c) Switching Architecture
4. Encryption
5. Network Planning, Commissioning
AGENDA
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

1. 1830PSS PORTFOLIO
ADDRESSING THE EXAFLOOD CHALLENGE

COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

5
NEXT-GENERATION TRANSPORT
NETWORK OPTIMIZATION
at the lowest cost and
power per transported bit
of multiple types of
services
that are delivered with
deterministic security and
performance per SLA
A virtually unlimited
number
of virtually unlimited
capacity
Efficiency
Intelligence Scalability
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

6
ALCATEL-LUCENT 1830 PSS PORTFOLIO
Scalable product size variants from access
(1830 PSS-1) to core (1830 PSS-64)
T&ROADM configurations
OTN switching at terabit capacity
Next-generation 40G/100G coherent optics
GMPLS control plane
Common network management
Common cards across the product portfolio
1830 PSS-64 1830 PSS-36 1830 PSS-32 1830 PSS-16 1830 PSS-4 1830 PSS-1
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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CORE
BACKBONE
PSS-32 PSS-36 PSS-64
T&ROADM
OCS
ODU3/4 (40G/100G)
LAST-MILE
ACCESS
LAST-MILE
ACCESS
NETWORK
CLASSIFICATION:
Service routers
Core routers
Service routers
Multiscreen
services
Web 2.0 and
Enterprise 2.0
Converged
RAN
Radio
access
Residential/
enterprise
gateways
VDSL/GPON/
Ethernet
access
Converged
wireline
access
Data
center
Internet
gateway
PSS-1

PSS-4
1830 PSS SHELF
APPLICATION:
PSS-1

PSS-4
Fixed OADM Fixed OADM NODE CLASSIFICATION:
ODU1/2 (2.5G/10G)
OTN LINE/SERVER RATE:
ALCATEL-LUCENT 1830 PSS PORTFOLIO
POSITIONING
METRO
REGIONAL
T&ROADM
PSS-16 PSS-32 PSS-36
METRO
REGIONAL
T&ROADM
PSS-16 PSS-32 PSS-36
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

8
OTN/WDM Multi-Terabit Switch
OTN/WDM For maximum Networking Flexibility and Lowest Cost
Services/Operations Attributes Value Why Alcatel-Lucent?
Highly integrated platform design, one family,
one software, silicon investment

Transparent, secure,
segregated capacity services
( & sub-; p2p & mp)
IP Express
Lowest cost per
transported bit
OCh switching
ODU-k switching
Electronic domain
Photonic domain
Efficient IP Traffic Grooming
IP traffic from router ports or sub-ports is
mapped to the optimal transport container by
destination
Manages bandwidth at the most economical
layer
- Low cost & power

Integrated photonic and circuit networking
- wavelength (OCh), fixed-rate circuit (ODU) or
adjustable-rate circuit(ODUflex)
Service Router OTN/WDM
platform
Lambda level
Port level
Sub-port (VLAN) level
ODU
ODUflex
ODU
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

9
Requirement: Scalable Future Proof Shelf--Investment
protection
Services/Operations Attributes Value Why Alcatel-Lucent?
Most advanced Shelf Infrastructure
No forklift upgrade
Investment
protection

Up to 240W per slot
Multiple 10G backplane tracks, capable
of up to terabit throughput
Advanced thermal management

COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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Requirement: Scalable Capacity at 100G and beyond without
forklift upgrade
Optimal performance
- Minimizes the impact of fiber
impairments and non-linear
effects
Services/Operations Attributes Value Why Alcatel-Lucent?
Industry First Single Carrier Next
Generation Coherent Technology and
backwards compatible 400G
Highest capacity and reach per
fiber (new & existing)
40G/100G/400G capacity
through lowest initial
capex and ongoing OPEX
50GHz slot
l
Best modulation format
100G PDM-QPSK; 40G PDM-BPSK
50GHz spacing grid
100G 100G 10G 40G 40G 10G 100G
Seamless upgrade to 100G without penalty
10x10G OT 100G OT
Ultra-Fast Coherent Electro-Optics
25+ Gbaud monolithic ADC/DSP
Bell Labs innovative algorithms
single carrier coherent
100G 100G
Electro-optics fast adaptation to
compensation of chromatic
dispersion
Adjacent channel compatibility
Avoids the need for
reengineering with existing
10G/40G channels
Network Reconfigurability
DSP enables fast
wavelength restoration
(msecs vs minutes)
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

11
Services/Operations Attributes Values Why Alcatel-Lucent?
Field proven, Low cost, flexible, fully
tuneable ROADM
Flexible mesh WDM
networking
Take advantage of lower
cost and power
consumption of L0,
offloading higher layers
Line
North
OT
Client Ports
Line
West
Line
East
OT OT OT
-router
tunable filters
Tunable ROADM
10-degree, directionless
WSS-based wavelength router
WSS-based tunable filters
Colorless optical
transponders
Wavelength networking
- switching
Full network flexibility and reconfigurability
- Client services can access any wavelength in any direction
Fast service turn-up
- Reduced on site interventions


Zero Touch Photonics Mesh
NOC
Requirement : Flexible, Low cost, automated L0 Networking
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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Requirement: Scaleable, Lowest cost OTN switching
Services/Operations Attributes OTN Values Why Alcatel-Lucent?
Industry First 1Tbps single chip, with ultra
low power consumption and increased scale
Highest filling factor per
(granular bw management
Maximize wavelength
utilization, lowering overall
cost
Agnostic datapath
for maximum flexibility
Fully non-blocking at any-rate
for maximum capacity
20M+ gates
for maximum density
0.04 Watts/Gb/s
for maximum efficiency
1 Tbps switch on a single chip
ODU-k switching

Full integration with
T&ROADM
Highly scalable OTH matrix
- From T to 8T, in service
upgradable
- Full non-blocking

Multi-Terabit OTH switching

Circuit networking
- ODU-0/1/2/3/4/flex switching
- Multi-level service monitoring
and operations (OAM,
protections)

Multi-Carrier transparent services
Provider A Provider B
OTN OTN
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

13
Requirement: Cross Layer Network Automation
Services/Operations
Attributes
Values Why Alcatel-Lucent?
Integrated solution with GMPLS at L0/1/3
IP Express
Dynamic capacity
allocation
Bandwidth broking
Right network for the
traffic flow,
translates to lower
overall cost
IP service over circuit (e.g.15Gbps)
Photonic switching layer ()
Electronic switching layer (ODU)
GMPLS
UNI
IP service over (e.g.100Gbps)
Service activation
Bandwidth
broking
Optimized resource allocation
of Photonic and OTH layers
Lowest cost & power per bit
transported
Photonic/OTH Multi-layer
Restoration
GMPLS
GMPLS
UNI
GMPLS
UNI
GMPLS
UNI
IP layer
NMS
GMPLS control plane intelligence
Multi Region Network (MRN)
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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Requirement: Deterministic Photonic OAM
Services/Operations Attributes Value Why Alcatel-Lucent?
Wavelength Tracker integrated with
Coherent and intelligent field proven
software

Service assurance per
Reduction in OPEX
through simple wave
setup and ongoing
OAM
Wavelength tracker
monitoring points
Client Services
Per fiber
Fiber span
!
ok
Unique wavelength keying and path tracing
Remote/automatic optical power control
Misconnections
detection
Fault isolation
Threshold
alarming
Intermediate
End-to-end
1
2

Preventing service degradation

Per
1 2
Enabling SLA assurance
NOC view
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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Requirement: Flexible Network Restoration
Services/Operations Attributes Values Why Alcatel-Lucent?
Leading GMPLS application
experience
Able to restore networks
in most efficient manner

Flexible, low cost
GMPLS restoration
S
L
A

a
s
s
u
r
a
n
c
e

< 50ms
No fault
tolerance
1 2 3 4
# of simultaneous failures
>50ms
Unprotected
Protection (SNCP)
Dynamic Restoration
Source Based Routing (SBR)
Protection and
Restoration Combined
(PRC)
R
e
s
t
o
r
a
t
i
o
n

t
i
m
e

Distributed intelligence (discovery, routing,
feasibility)
Dynamic & on-demand provisioning
Multiple-failure resilience
Improved resource usage
Applicable to any traffic (packet, circuit,
wavelength)
High availability and SLA assurance
Added-value applications driven by operators requirements
Real world experience with 60+ GMPLS/ASON live networks
Bell Labs innovative algorithms
routing & wavelength assignment
optical feasibility
GMPLS based restoration
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

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Requirement: Simplified Network Lifecycle Management
Services/Operations Attributes OTN Values Why Alcatel-Lucent?
Advanced Photonic Design Tools
Point & click planning and
operations
Added value
NMS/planning
integration
Design tools
-Auto-provisioning
-Point-and-click
- Retrieval of
network
- configuration
-- Monitoring
- Auto-diagnosis
- SLA assurance
-- Network design and upgrade
- Equipment configuration
Manage
Deploy
Plan
NMS

Simplified planning, design, installation and
commissioning

Fast network reconfigurations and service
turn-up
NOC-managed network life cycle
Integrated design tools
with NMS
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

17
Embraces and
leverages ITU-T
G.709 OTN to
realize:
Single, converged transparent transport network for all clients (including legacy SDH/SONET, packet
(xGE), logical clients (L2 VLAN, MPLS-TP pseudowire), SAN (for DCI), video distribution, and so on)
Management support (SLAs) with end-to-end service redundancy for transparent client services (not
currently possible in current packet network architecture)
Committed to
supporting evolving
OTN standards
Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS hardware either supports or is future-ready for new transport containers,
such as ODU0, ODUflex, ODU2e, ODU3 and ODU4
Integrated ROADM
and scalable ODUk
switch
Photonic and electrical switching fabrics integrated in a single shelf
Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-36 (I Tb/s upgradable to 4 Tb/s);1830 PSS-64 (2 Tb/s upgradable to 8 Tb/s)
Universal switch architecture, ensuring a smooth inclusion of SDH/SONET or packet transport
Support of ASON in
photonic and
electrical data plane
Multiregional networking (MRN): single ASON/GMPLS control plane for routing within and across
electrical and photonic network levels
Features field-proven GMRE control plane product
40G/100G/400G
support
PDM-BPSK (40G) and PDM-QPSK (100G) with coherent detection for higher transport performance
today
Photonic Switch Engine ( 3
rd
generation 100G and 400G solution in 2012)
Wavelength
Tracker
Matchless SDH-like fault and performance monitoring in Photonic domain (via non-intrusive
photonic service instance encoding/monitoring)
ALCATEL-LUCENT 1830 PSS
KEY BENEFITS (summary)
Comprehensive
Platform Access -
Core

Cost effective, flexible, versatile access solution on a common platform with industry leading
Metro/Core/LH transport system
Carrier grade solution for

COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

18
55+
100G
CUSTOMERS
120+
1830 PSS
CUSTOMERS
1,450+
100G
UNITS
1830 PSS MARKET MOMENTUM
100G customers
1830 PSS customers
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
CY08 CY09 CY10 CY11
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

2. ROADMAP
See separate package (for discussion)
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

20
JAN FEB MAR APR MAY JUN JUL AUG SEP 4Q
2011
1830 PSS Product Release Roadmap
Status: 2010-12-02
1
st
HALF 2
ND
HALF
2012
R3.5
DCUless Optimized Line
(MG and Raman Amps)
MVAC
12xGbE SyncE ready
PSS-36 Shelf

1830 PSS R4.0
1830 PSS R4.0
General customer release
OCS application on PSS-
64/36 w/ MT1T9/MT960C

A
C
T
Available
Committed
Target
A
C
T
Available
Committed
Target
C
1830 PSS R5.0/5.1
Converged product architecture w/
PSS-64/36 OCS applications as in R4.0
PSS-32/16 WDM applications as in R3.6.x
Converged applications
(Integrated UpLink card management)
40G/10G Switchponder (uplink) cards
PSS-64/36 higher capacity switch matrixes
Improved density 40G MUX OT (2 slots)
Optimized 2D ROADM (WR2-88)
Octal VAC module
In service SW upgrade from R3.6.x or R4.0 enabling
R4.0 OCS nodes to be extended w/ WDM
R3.6.x WDM nodes w/ switching capabilities
R3.5.1
Security Enhancements
4x10G Coherent Mux
R3.5.2
User Activity Log
Transfer of Log File
R3.6
Photonic GMPLS
Long Haul Features
1x9 WSS ( WR8-88A )
Directionless Node (WR8-
88A based line)
AnyDirection 8 CLS
channels per A/D block
(Config D)
R3.6.5
Extended long span support >53dB
Enhanced Performance 100G
AnyDirection configurations
up to 64 CLS channels per Add/Drop
block (Configuration D)
GMRE support for Configuration D
40G A/D (OC-768/STM-256)

A
A
A
1830 PSS R6.0
Converged product architecture w/
OCS/WDM/Converged node configs as in
R5.0
ODU-4 & ODUflex support
130SCUP 100G coherent switchponder
card
100G (2-slot Performance Enhancements)
400G Muxponder (4x100G)
Hybrid EDFA/Raman Amplifier
Packet Layer Enhancements
8x10GbE & 100GbE EVPL
Control Plane Enhancements
MRN including UNI*
ODU-4 & ODUflex support
Data Center Interconnect enhancements
High capacity DCI MUX (16GFC)
DCI aggregation card
In service node upgrade from R5.x
T
A
A
C
A
A
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

21
1830 PSS Product Family
1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q
2012
A
C
T
Available
Committed
Target
Release 3.6.5 (DR4 January 2012)
Rationale: LH/100G enhancements, 40G A/D Coherent OT, GMRE single node
configurations

Photonic Feature Set
Introduction of Enhanced performance (OSNR Improvements) 100G OT modules
112SNX10 & 112SNA1
Functionally equivalent to existing 100G cards
Pre-emphasis (configurable power tilt) at ROADM/TOADM/FOADM nodes
Support for >53dB loss spans (integration with 1621LM system)
Extended DCN Support (span with OSC disabled)
APR independent on OSC loss for RA2P line configurations
Intra-node Channel trace via Inferred Power monitoring for WT-OCM Nodes

Optical Transponders
40G Coherent A/D Pack
40G A/D Coherent (PDM-BPSK modulation) OT MSA based client: OTU3,
SONET/SDH (HW support). VSR2000-R2 interface on the client side
1OC768/STM256 client signal support in initial SW relase
11DPE12E Enhancement
ADM between two cards - switching between two mate 12xGbE via backplane on
11DPE12E
11DPM12 Enhancements
OPTSG cascading on 11DMP12 (>6xSTM1/4 aggregation per ODU1)
112SCX10 Enhancements
Y-Cable Protection support on 112SCX10
GCC0 processing on line port of 11STAR1
11STAR1: G- AIS (LOF) is a consequent action of ExBER
OT ESNCP+Regen Configuration
Fast Ethernet support on 11DPE12/11DPE12E, Optical/electrical interface support

Management systems Feature Set

TL1, SNMP, CLI support
EPT Support
Support network upload (inc power setting etc)
WebUI
Auto-refresh option for PM in WebUI
Ability to generate Ping from WebUI
1340INC, 1350OMS, 1354PhM, 5620SAM and CBT Support
Any Direction Configurations

WR8-88 Based 1NE Any-direction configuration w/ local A/D
Flexible growth up to 64 CLS port per A/D block
Power management, maintenance and monitoring functionality associated
with the configuration
In-service node growth from Directional configuration to Any-direction by
adding Add/Drop blocks
In-service Any-direction node growth support from Configuration D' to
Configuration D by adding Add/Drop Block
Support for single node configuration with 8 CLS channel A/D block (aka.
config D)

GMRE Feature Set (3.6.51)
GMPLS support for WR8-88 based DLS/CLS (one-NE)
GMPLS Support of R3.6.5 New OTs . GMPLS shall support the New OTs
introduced in R3.6.5: 43SCA1, 11QTA4, Enhanced performance 100G OTs
Partially disjoint paths in PRC implementation. Partially disjoint paths (aka
maximal disjoint) will provide additional restoration flexibility.
Regen on 43STX4P
Improved restoration time for single LSP. The target in R3.6.5 is <30 sec"
GMPLS Restoration when intra node failure is detected. Various cases of intra
node failure handling.
Support uni-directional regeneration with coherent OTs: 100G/40G Coherent
OT using unidirectional regen.
Manually select the route and channel assignment of a GMPLS nominal route


A
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

22
1830 PSS R5.0 Feature Summary
1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q
2012
A
C
T
Available
Committed
Target
C
Release 5.0 (2Q 2012)
Rationale: WDM/OCS Convergence, Photonic layer
enhancements. DCI encryption

System Configurations & Applications
Converged Multi-shelf configurations
PSS-64/36 w/ switch matrix
PSS-32 / PSS-16 (photonic)

Hardware
TRU for Rack Mounting
HPCFAP/PDUx mounting for PSS-64/36/32 (from
R4.0/R3.6.5)
PSS-64 related extensions
Shelf common parts as from R4.0
MT1T9 (from R4.0)
MT3T8 (3.8T Switch Fabric)
Fully non-blocking connectivity and protection
between all ports
In-service matrix upgrade MT1T9 -> MT3T8
PSS-36 related extensions
Shelf common parts (from R4.0/R3.6.5)
MT960C (from R4.0)
Uplink cards for direct OCh uplink in C/L application (PSS-
36/64)
10AN10G equipped w/ tunable XFPs in OTM-0.2/2e
operation as in R4.0
43SCUP 40G coherent, BPSK, 2 slots
11QCUP 4x10G single slot

Management & Tools
Management Interfaces
TL-1 Installation / Maintenance / OTH
SNMP Installation / Maintenance / WDM / Data
CORBA OCh/ODUk Control Plane
Management Systems
ZIC all node configurations
1350 OMS all node configurations
5620 SAM WDM configurations w/o el. switching & CP
Planning Tools
CPB Commissioning & Power Balancing Tool
EPT support for all shelf types
1356NT OCh/ODUk Control Plane Planning Tool

Switching Layer Enhancements
OTH
Client interfaces & mappings as in R4.0
OTM-0.3e2 line interfaces
ODU-0/1/2/2e/3/3e2 switching &
multiplexing in PSS-64/36
ODU-0/1/2/2e/3/3e2 TCM 3 out of 6
layers selectable
1+1 ODU-0/1/2/2e/3/3e2 SNC/n
protection unidirectional, non-revertive
incl. TCM based criteria
Client protection carry over from R4.0

Control Plane Enhancements
General
Multi-shelf support
OCh or ODUk Control Plane operation,
selectable per shelf
OCh Control Plane
OCh restoration carry over from R3.6.1
Support for brownfield applications

ODUk Control Plane
ODU-k restoration carry over from R4.0
ODU-3/3e2 restoration services

Photonic Feature Set
Integrated OCh layer managment between Photonic
domain and UpLink cards
Multiple PSS-16 per node configuration
Flexible Grid ready OTS line, introduction of WR8-88AF
variant

Electro-Optic & Transponder Feature Set
40G MUX Coherent 2 slot module (43SCX4E)
OC192/STM64 client signal support
10GbE LAN, WAN
OTU2, OTU2e
Octal Variable Attenuation Card (MVAC8B)
43SCGE1, 40GE Add/Drop OT, CFP pluggable client port
Transparent transport of 40GBASE-R signal over
OTU4 line structure

Other Features
OMSP protection for FOADM configurations
(configurations as in 3.5.96 plus 100G OTs)
Ability to monitor input power on PFD modules in PSS-16
(new variants for PFDC35 and 20)

GMRE enhancements
Support in-service upgrade from a existing non-GMPLS
network to a GMPLS network
Restoration when intra node failure is detected.
L2 Enhancements on 11DPM12E card
SyncE
G.8262 EEC option 1&2
Timing reference selection
G.8264 ESMC (E-SSM)

Data Center Interconnect features
11G Quad Encryption module 11QPEN4 (encryption of
up to 4 ODU2 payload structures using AES128)
Encryption Key management tool



COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

23
1830 PSS Product Family
1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q
2012
A
C
T
Available
Committed
Target
Release 5.1 (3Q 2012)
Rationale: Ethernet Feature enhancements (11QPE24, 11DPE12A), Cost reduction
(WR2-88), Key customer requests, DCI enhancements


General System Features
OSPF Route Summarization (improves MCN scalability)
In-Service Upgrade from R5.0

OTH Feature Enhancements
1.9T OCS Switch Fabric for PSS-36
In-service matrix upgrade MT960C -> MT1T9
4 x 10G ANY on PSS-36 (OCS)
8 x GbE on PSS-36 (OCS)
1GbE GFP-F client mapping into ODU0 on 24ANM, 24ET1G
STM-4/1 / OC-3/12 mapping into ODU0 on 24ANM
GCC0 support on 10AN10G, 10OT10G, 2AN40F1, 43SCUP, 11QCUP
Performance Management Requirements
Digital Diagnostics Monitoring (DDM) on PSS-64, PSS-36 (OCS)

Photonic system Features
Optimized 2D ROADM WR2-88 on PSS-32, PSS-16
Power Management Enhancements for ROADM configuration to optimize
reach for 11QTA4, 11QCUP
11QTA4 Quad 10G card with Tunable line optics PSS-32/16/36/4,
Based on CFP (with 12dB of attenuation range)
Quad 10G Tunable OT w/ MSA-equivalent performance,
Functionally equivalent to 11QPA4
Pre-FEC BER accumulation of MIN, MAX and AVG values based on 1sec
window


Data Center Interconnect Enhancements
Latency Optimization for 11QPA4, 11QTA4, 11QPEN4 and 11DPM12 (NO
FEC mode)
FIPs Certification for 11QPEN4 for R5 features FIPS certification for
11QPEN4.
Common Criteria certification for 11QPEN4 for R5 features Common
Criteria certification for 11QPEN4.
IBM Certification in R5.1. for DCI cards IBM GDPS certification for the
following DCI cards - 11STMM10- 11DPM12- 11QPA4- 11QPEN4

C
L2 Carrier ethernet features on 11QPE24 card
New card: 11QPE24, Quad 10G line and 24xGbE/FE client module, 2 slots
Packet Networking
MEF services: E-line, E-LAN,
IEEE 802.1Q, IEEE 802.1ad (PB), L2 Switching
VLAN manipulation (multiple push, translation)
MEF 9, 14, 18, 25 certification
L2 control protocol filtering/tunneling
Packet QoS & Traffic Management
Ethernet PHB & DiffServ QoS
Ingress tr-TCM Metering/Policing/Marking per flow (MEF Ingress BW
profile)
SPQ/WFQ/DWRR Scheduling, Tail drop, WRED
Egress shaping per queue/port
Packet OAM
IEEE 802.1ag CFM (CC, LB, LT)
ITU-T Y.1731 FM (AIS, RDI, R-APS)
ITU-T Y.1731 PM (2-way DM, SLM)
IEEE 802.3ah EFM OAM
Ethernet Protection
ITU-T G.8032(v2) ERP (NNI)
IEEE 802.1AX LAG (per card)
SyncE
G.8262 EEC option 1&2
Timing reference selection (up to 2 references)
G.8264 ESMC (E-SSM)
FDB Management (retrieve, limit, flush, etc)
L2 ACL
Port mirroring
IGMPv2 Snooping


COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

24
1830 PSS Product Family
2012
A
C
T
Available
Committed
Target
Release 6.0 (4Q 2012)
Rationale: Further Integration of Photonic and OTN (PSS-32S), introduction of
perofrmance density improved 100G, 400G transmission DCI Enhancements


Photonic performance improvements
SD FEC Support
targeted distance: > 2600 km (terrestrial application)
exp. typical OSNR target @1e-13~11.5 dB (no differential
demodulation los
130SCX10 2-slot 100G MUX OT with SD FEC (configurable to HD-FEC)
10 configurable client ports 10Gbe, OC-192, OTU2/2e
Hybrid Raman/EDFA amplifier
OTN/WDM Integration, Client/Line implementation for flexible electrical layer
provisioning
Client/Line Shelf (PSS-32S), 1.9T ODUk switch
130SCUP - 100G Coherent Switchponder/Uplink card w/ SD-FEC
11QCUP Quad 10G Switchponder card
10AN10G: 10x10G Universal, full single slot XFP
24ANM: 24 x MULTIRATE Universal, full single slot SFP
8 x OTM-0.2e/10GbE High Capacity Layer 2 switching card
4 x 10G ANY
8 x GbE
Cost Reduction/Margin improvement features
24 x GbE cost improved with hardcoded FPGA
MM CFP module, SR-10
Per port license keying support
Other Photonic Domain Features
400G MUX card (4x100G Multiplexer), dual carrier 16QAM modulation
(target reach 500-750km) demo version
OMSP/OLP for ROADM configurations (improved switch performance for
100G)
OSNR measurement
Flexible Filter module (Clip-On)
OTL-4.4 and OTM-0.3 support on 112SCA1 and 43SCA1 cards
PRBS support on 100G OTs
TCM support ( 3 out of 6 TCM layers) on OTs


OCS Enhancements
130SCUP - 100G Coherent Switchponder/Uplink card w/ SD FEC
1SE100G - 100GE EVPL client card
VLAN switching
ODU-4 Multiplexing; ODU-4 Switching
ODUflex
1+1 ODU-4 SNC/N Protection
1+1 ODUk SNC/N uni-directional, revertive
SNC/I support for ODUk
TCM Trail Latency Measurement
Path Latency Measurement
Control Plane Enhancements
MRN support (L0/L1 coordinated operation)
ODU3 / ODU3e2 Restoration
IETF UNI
General System Enhancements
IPv6 support
IPv6 authentication HMAC-SHA1
Multiple OSPF area across ECC (OSC, GCCn)
WT key distribution across OSPF area boundary
Photonic Control Plane Enhancements
GMRE Channel plan should consist with 1830 non-GMPLS channel
plan
GMPLS & SCOT synchronization
GMPLS; GR(Guaranteed Restoration) as restoration option
Increase the GMPLS network size (400 nodes)
GMRE with XPM/CDC/PDL consideration
GMPLS: support ILA without GMPLS instance
Registration of restorations (inlcuding timing)
Service Setup Support for Power Adjustment Complete
Multi-level optical feasibility check
GMPLS FEC override
Per port based Resource partitioning.
T
1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

25
1830 PSS Product Family
2012
A
C
T
Available
Committed
Target
Release 6.0 (4Q 2012)
Rationale: FurtherIntegration of Photonic and OTN (PSS-32S), introduction of
perofrmance density improved 100G, 400G transmission DCI Enhancements


Data Center Interconnect cards
DCI High Capacity Muxponder (FC16)
DCI Packet Aggregation solution (w/o compression)

DCI Enhancements
Latency Optimization
10G IB and 40G IB support (11QPEN4 and 43SCX4E)
DCB/CEE Support IEEE 802.1: 802.1Qbb
Priority-based Flow Control Support 802.1Qau
Congestion Notification Support 802.1Qaz
VPLEX Orchestration Support plug-in
11QPEN4 FIP certification support for FIP certification
IBM Certification
Ethernet Enhancements Phase II (applicable to all L2 switching cards)
New Metro/Core High Capacity L2 switching card (single slot)
8x10GbE (OTU2e on 6 ports)
Mate interconnect for HW protection
E-TREE service
Ethernet OAM phase II
ITU-T Y.1731 PM (LM, SLM, 2-way and 1-way DM)
IEEE 802.3ah EFM OAM
Ethernet protection
Multi ring ERP
IEEE 802.1AX LAG (across cards) w/ LACP
IEEE 1588v2 PTP OC master/slave and BC
PTP over DWDM/OTN, IEEE1588 CTL and I/O cards
Remote management for smart SFP support
Support for Bidirectional SFPs and SyncE on electrical

IEEE1588v2 PTP over DWDM support
IEEE1588v2 controller card
Transporting PTP over OSC channel
HW redundancy with pair of cards
3 OSC channels and 4 FE/GE ports (PTP packets only)
BITS Interfaces:
ToD interfaces:
IEEE1588v2 I/O card

T
1Q 2Q 3Q 4Q
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

2. 1830PSS Architecture
_
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

2 a). 1830PSS System Architecture
_
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

28
1830 PSS platform Applications coverage
Access, Metro/Regional, Core, Long Haul
xWDM Access
1830 PSS-1/4
1830 PSS-1/4
1830 PSS-1/4
1830 PSS-
32/36
1830 PSS-36
/PSS-64
1830 PSS-32
1830 PSS-
36/32
1830 PSS-
36/32
Router
IP
1830 PSS-16
Router
IP
10GE/40GE/100GE
OTN Regional/Core
1830 PSS-4
ILA
1830 PSS-16
2D ROADM
1830 PSS-36
/PSS-64
1830 PSS-32
DWDM Long Haul Router
IP
xWDM Access
1830 PSS-1/4
1830 PSS-1/4
1830 PSS-1/4
1830 PSS-36
/PSS-64
1830 PSS-
36/32
1830 PSS-
36/20
OTN Regional/Core
1830 PSS-4
ILA
1830 PSS-4
ILA
Platform that provides flexible End-End network solution today and tomorrow
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

29
Width: 438.9 mm (17.3), Depth: 289.5 mm (11.4),
Height: 621.8 mm/ 14-RU (up to 3 shelves per bay)
19 inch, 23 inch or 600mm ETSI rack mountable
User Panel
Fan Tray
Equipment
Controller (1 of 2)
Power Input
Module
(1 of 2)
Timing Module
32 Universal/
Service Slots
1830 PSS-32 Shelf
1830 PSS-32 Shelf
Carrier class equipment with redundant shelf controllers, powers and cooling
Supports a range of management interfaces: SNMP, TL1, Web GUI, and CLI
Service Optimized Flexible xOADM Platform
Core Optics
Service Card
& Protection
Common
Colorless Wavelength Router
50GHz/100GHz
Fixed DWDM Mux/demux
88/44/8/5-Channel
Fixed CWDM Mux/demux
8/4/2/1-Channel
Mid-Stage Access EDFA
Raman Amplifier
Dispersion Compensation
SSMF/ E-LEAF/ TW-RS
User Panel, Power Filter
Equipment Controller
A/D and Mux Transponders
C-band OTN Tunable or Pluggable
Alien Wavelength Management
Optical Protection Switch
Building Blocks
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

30
1830 PSS-16 Shelf
Optimized for small network with
low channel counts and low cost
ILA
Share service cards and core
optics asset with PSS-32
19 , 23 or 600mm ETSI rack
mountable
438.9 mm (W) x 355 mm (H) x
266.7 mm (Depth without cover)
Fan Tray
User Interface
Panel
Power Module
Slot (1 of 2)
Shelf Controller
Slot (1 of 2)
16 Universal/
Service Slots
1830 PSS-16 Shelf (Compact Shelf, 8RU Height))
8RU high central office shelf with redundant controllers, powers and cooling
Supports common service modules with PSS-32: Core optics, transponders
Supports multi-shelf configurations (with PSS-32)
Optimized Medium size central office shelf for small FOADM/ROADM nodes, ILA (In
Line Amplifiers), DGE (Dynamic Gain Equalization) nodes, equipment diversity (OTS
lines in separate shelves).
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

31
Edge Devices
PSS-4 4 universal slot, 2RU shelf
1830 PSS-4

Small footprint, low cost OTN based CWDM/DWDM solution
for metro access. 2RU In Line Amplifier solution.
Basic Features:
2RU chassis for 23 WECO, 19 EIA, 19 European and 21
ETSI rack
4 half height slots temperature hardened chassis (-40C to
65C)
Terminal, FOADM and ILA application
CWDM (1/2/4/8 ch static filter)
DWDM (4/8 ch static filter)
Stacked configuration for multiple PSS-4 shelves
Redundant -48V DC power filter with house keeping
input/output (MDIO)
Integrated 24V DC power filter (Cell site applications)
Integrated, redundant AC power filter
Field replaceable circuit packs
Switching and protection between adjacent OT slots via
backplane ESNCP on all service cards
Optional Wavelength Tracker and unkeyed optical channel
Alien wavelength access from 3
rd
party equipment
Service cards (common modules with 1830PSS platform)

11DPE12/11DPE12E (Dual pluggable 12xGBE, Higig and QinQ mode supported for full rate and sub rate, with ESNCP)
4DPA4 (4xANY Multi Service Card, OC-4/12/48, STM-1/4/16, FC 1G/2G/4G, FICON 1G/2G/4G, FE, GE, HD-SDI & SD-SDI)
11QPA4/11QPA4A (Quad 10G Any Rate OT, OC-192/STM-64, 10G LAN PHY, 10G WAN PHY, OTU-2, FC 10G)
AHPHG (20dBm High Power High Gain C-Band Optical Amplifier with mid stage access)
A2325A (23dBm Variable Gain C-Band Optical Amplifier with mid stage access)
Flexible 2RU access shelf
xWDM access node
In Line Amplifier
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

32
Edge Devices
PSS-1 (GbE, MD4H, AHP)
2 Ethernet ports
1 Web UI
1 Mini-USB: RS232 I/F
Optical Filters
Dual Power
Cost optimized variants for metro access application
In-band management using GCC bytes of OTN overhead
19 , 23 or 600mm ETSI rack mountable
43.5mm (H) x 438.9mm (W) x 279.7mm (D/without cover)
Extended temperature range support
Dual Fan Service Ports
1830 PSS-1 GbE Shelf (Edge Device, 1RU Height)
PSS-1 Edge Devices provide 1RU, access optimized xWDM solution
Several variants supported to address specific access applications
GbE variant provides L2 switching solution with 12xGbE/FE UNI interfaces and 2x10G high
speed ports. It supports full rate or sub-rate EVPL services in ring configurations with an option
for 10GbE LAN hand-off.
MD4H variant provides, dual Multi Service Card aggregation solution. Each of MSC sub-
modules provides transparent multiplexing/transport of up to 4 client ports over an OTU1
structure.
AHP variant represents and integrated 1RU amplifier solution that can be used in pairs for In
Line Amplification function.
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

33
1830 Converged Product Family
ODU-k switching
CIF CIF CIF CIF
L
I
F
L
I
F

L
I
F
L
I
F

OCS Electrical Switching
1830 PSS R4.x on PSS-36/64
OT MOT OT MOT
OCh
switching
OT MOT OT MOT
PtP & Photonic Switching
1830 PSS R3.x
Converged DWDM/OTN
Combining best of both worlds
Photonic Application
Metro & Core DWDM
Point to point links
Photonic based OCh
switching
Optical Core Switching
Centralized, electrical
bandwidth management
Service grooming on
sub-lambda granularity
OCh
switching
N x
client/line
switching
SP SP SP SP
client/line
switching
CIF CIF CIF CIF
DWDM w/ C/L switching
OCh
switching
SP SP SP SP SP
ODU-k switching
CIF CIF CIF CIF
L
I
F
L
I
F

1 x
DWDM w/ OCS
1830 PSS R5.x
Client/Line configuration benefits:
1. Flexible multiplexing of low/mixed rates
over 40/100/400G uplinks
2. Flexible redundancy/protection options on
both Client and Line side
3. Easy re-configuration, growth (inclusion of
400G)
Traditional DWDM/OTN
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

34
1830 PSS-36 Protocol-agnostic OTN fabric for maximum
link utilization
Purpose - Integrated DWDM + OTN Cross-Connect
Applications - Integrated grooming and transport
Description / Features:
Agnostic switch fabric ODU-0 through ODU-4 and packet
Supports up to 1.9T of switching capacity
Up to 240 Gbps per slot (3.8Tb per shelf)
Supports up to 6x100G OTs (with current 3 slot design)
Switching granularity from ODU-0 up to ODU-4
STS-1 capable
Switching Timeslot based matrix converts constant bit rate
signals to cell mapping for timeslot switching
Optional fabric for switched applications
Fabric Module - Metro Optimized Switch Matrix (Combined
control, timing and fabric module with protected matrix)
Fully compatible with 1830 PSS-32 & PSS-64 I/Os
Support for 1830 classic transponders
Support 18 full-height or 36 half-height slots
Support shelf stacking with PSS-32s
Interface Cards
24xANY client module
10x10G I/O / DWDM Uplink Card
10 client XFP ports supporting OC-192,
FC-8/10, 10GbE, LAN/WAN, OTU-2
Or - 10 DWDM XFP ports, or a mix
24xGbE
10x10G OT (OC192, 10GbE, 10G FC,
8G FC) XFP clients
2x40G Coherent (OTM.3)
Dual 40G Client, 40GbE
100G/40G Uplinks (line optics)
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

35
1830 PSS-64 - Terabit Transport Switch Shelf
Single-shelf system with 3.8 Tb/s of capacity
- Agnostic switch (TDM/OTN & Packet) architecture supporting
all traffic on a single platform
- Fully non-blocking N square matrix any to any service
connection
- Architected to support 7.6 Tb/s in a single shelf
Full range of I/O interfaces
- SONET/SDH rates supported 155Mb/s up to 100G
- OTN rates supported OTMx.1 to OTMx.4
- Native Ethernet rates 1 GbE to 100 GbE
- Use of PIC modules for a high density DWDM solution
Expandable to a Multi-shelf system
- DWDM integration - decreased provisioning time and lower
infrastructure cost
- I/O sub shelf support allows for further consolidation of office
elements
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

2 b). Photonic Core Architecture
_
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

37
TOADM/ROADM/FOADM Networks
FOADM: a node with only fixed colored ports (88/44/8/5 DWDM; 8/4/2/1 CWDM)
TOADM: a reconfigurable node using only colorless ports. 1830 PSS architecture grows in
units of 8 colorless Add/Drop channels
ROADM: a reconfigurable node with only colored ports (88/44/8/5 ch filters)
T/ROADM: a reconfigurable node with a mix of colorless and colored ports. 1830 PSS
supports up to 88 channels and up to 8-degree R/TOADM with 8 colorless ports
SFD
N
SFD
N
Fixed OADM
Reconfigurable/Tunable OADM
Transponders
MUX
DMUX
Transponders
WDM IN
WDM OUT
THRU
ADD/DROP
AMP IN
WSS
(Opt Switch)
Colorless
Combiner
8
8
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

38
Multi-Service / Multi-Reach Platform
Coherent Optimized Open Photonic Layer
RA2P
Integrated 2 Pump
Raman optimized
for C-Band

AM2125A/B
Medium Variable Gain
Modular Amplifier
optimized for C-band
DCU-less application

21dBm Max Output
power
15-25dB Flat Gain Range
(Extended Gain Range to
31dB)
MVAC
Multiple Variable
Attenuator Card
supporting alien
wavelength
management
The 1830PSS-32 offers an open photonic layer (Data Rate and Modulation Format
Agnostic) enabling service providers to accommodate the ever changing network
traffic patterns by eliminating the need for expensive OEO conversions.
The multi-reach, coherent optimized, system architecture is designed to provide
deployment options in metro, regional, and long-haul networks. The primary benefit
of this platform is its scalability, which prepares the network for the higher bandwidth
and more advanced modulation formats certain to come in the future.
AM2318A
Low Variable Gain
Modular Amplifier
optimized for C-band
DCU-less application

23dBm Max Output
Power
7-18dB Flat Gain Range
(Extended Gain range to
24dB)
Raman Gain
10 dB for SSMF
14 dB for LEAF
16 dB for TWRS

COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

39
88 Channel ROADM Architecture Based on Add path
WSS (WR8-88)
Wavelength Router
Based on Wavelength Selective Switch
Support 88 channels on a 50 GHz grid (Flexible Grid ready)
Multi-degree (up to 8 degree)
8 colorless add, colored drop + mesh ports
Wavetracker detection for tracking and controlling channels on each pack
Laser Network Stabilization (option for fast transient control in Long Haul network)
Egress Line
Driver
Ingress Line
Driver
Part of WR8-88
Part of WR8-88
WTD
50 GHz
1x9
WSS
WTD
...
...
WTD
OSC
SFP
WTD
WTD
OSC
Mesh Out
1 ..... 3
Drop
Out
Colorless Add
1 ... 8
WTD = Wavetracker Detection
Point
From
Line
To
Line
Splitter
LNS
Mon
Out
Mon
Out
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

40
88 Channel 2 Degree ROADM Architecture (WR2-88)
Wavelength Router
Based on Wavelength Selective Switch
Support 88 channels on a 50 GHz grid
Optimized for 2 Degrees
8 colorless add, colored drop + mesh ports
Wavetracker detection for tracking and controlling channels on each pack
Egress Line
Driver
Ingress Line
Driver
Part of WR2-88
Part of WR2-88
WTD
50 GHz
1x2
WSS
WTD
...
WTD
OSC
SFP
WTD
WTD
OSC
Drop
Out
Add In
WTD = Wavetracker Detection
Point
From
Line
To
Line
Splitter
Mon
Out
Mon
Out
DMUX MUX
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

41
ROADM
- 12.5G increments
- Capacity increase
- Open spectrum

PHOTONIC LINE
FLEXIBLE GRID CAPABILITY READY TODAY
Equipping OTS line with WR8-88AF protects investment
Flexible Grid
Flexible Bandwidth
Grid may or may not be fixed
BW is flexible to accommodate
high data rates
Grid is variable, to minimize unused
spectra between channels
BW allocation scales with data rate
Example: 12.5GHz granularity grid with minimum
bandwidth ~ 2x minimum grid
NETWORK OF THE FUTURE DELIVERED
TODAY
1830PSS R5.0 WR8-88AF module provides
OTS ready for Flexible Bandwidth/Grid
network
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

42
1830 PSS R5.0 - 88 CHANNEL ROADM FLEXIBLE
GRID-READY (WR8-88AF)
Support for 88 channels on a 50 GHz grid (flexible grid-ready)
Multi-degree (up to 8 degree)
8 colorless add, colored drop + mesh ports
Laser Network Stabilization (option for fast transient control in Long Haul network)
Flexible Grid ready WSS implies proper calibration and FW to allow future support for off grid and flexible
pass band channel tuning
Flex Grid tuning with 12.5GHz granularity would be included in a future release via SW upgrade
Card performance equivalent to standard 50GHz WR8-88 card for fixed grid application (technically could be
mixed in the networks but testing of mixed configurations to be determined based on customer applications)
Wavelength Router
Based on Wavelength Selective Switch
Egress Line
Driver
Ingress Line
Driver
Part of WR8-88
Part of WR8-88
WTD
1x9
Flex Grid
WSS
WTD
...
...
WTD
OSC
SFP
WTD
WTD
OSC
Mesh Out
1 ..... 3
Drop
Out
Colorless Add
1 ... 8
WTD = Wavetracker Detection Point
From
Line
To
Line
Splitter
LNS
Mon
Out
Mon
Out
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

43
T/ROADM implementation
Multi-directional, any-directional Wavelength Routing architecture
CWR8-88
1x9 WSS based design
(WSS on drop side)
Optimized for TOADM
configurations

The 1830PSS-32 offers a flexible TOADM/ROADM architecture with modular design of
OTS/OMS optical lines which allows in-service addition of OTS lines.
Modular design of Wavelength Router component allows configurations that provide
Directional Add/Drop, Colorless Add/Drop and Any-directional Add Drop (see example
on the following slide).
WR8-88A
1x9 WSS based
design
(WSS on Add side)
Optimized for
ROADM
WR2-88A
1x2 WSS based design
Optimized for
2DROADM
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

44
Software Defined ROADM Ports
Flexible cross-connections allow WR ports to be used for Add/Drop or Multi-degree Interconnect
Each of the 88 channels in the optical plan may be routed to any WR port
Software prevents channel collisions
Expansion Port (EP) provides an upgrade path to 100% channel access
2 Degree ROADM with 8 colorless add/drop channels
4 Degree TOADM
with 6 colorless
add/drop channels
88-ch
WR
2
EP
X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

1 3 4 5 6 7 8
Add/Drop
WR
2
EP
X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

1 3 4 5 6 7 8
Add/Drop
Egress Amplifier
Optional (East)
Ingress Amplifier
(West)
Ingress Amplifier
(East)
Egress Amplifier
Optional (West)
WR
2
EP
X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

1 3 4 5 6 7 8
Add/Drop
WR
2
EP
X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

1 3 4 5 6 7 8
Add/Drop
Egress Amplifier
(East)
Ingress Amplifier
(West)
Ingress Amplifier
(East)
Egress Amplifier
(West)
South
Degree
North
Degree
Via software
provisioning
88-ch
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

45


Any-direction, colorless configuration
WR8-88
Sig
WR8-88
Sig
W
R
8
-
8
8


S
i
g

W
R
8
-
8
8

S
i
g

W R 8 - 8 8
S i g
W R 8 - 8 8
S i g
WR8-88
Sig
CWR8-88 CWR8-88
...
WR8-88
Sig
CWR8-88 CWR8-88 ...
Mesh4
Mesh4
M
e
s
h
4

M
e
s
h
4

x8
Mesh4 Mesh4
Mesh/Thru Connections
ITL+SFD
Add/Drop Block with up to 64 Colorless ports
Example shows configuration
with 4 OTS lines (4D node), pair of
Add/Drop blocks with any-
direction (any degree)
connectivity and each block
supporting up to 64 Colorless ports
.
This configuration can grow in-
service to include additional OTS
lines and/or Add/Drop blocks.
Each of OTS lines can also have
colored directional services as
shown with SFD).
Colored, Directional Block with up to 88 ports
OTS #1
OTS #2 OTS #3
OTS #4
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

46
Ubiquitous Traffic Supervision with Wavelength
Tracking
Client
Line
Wavelength
Hierarchical Traffic Monitoring
Client
Network Management
Client Client
High degree of Automation simplifies Commissioning and Operations for
OPEX control
intermediate
e2e
Wavelength Tracker monitors both:
- End-to-End per-channel power
- Per-channel instance identity
Wavelength Tracker enables:
- Automated power management
- Strong fault identification and
sectionalization; misconnections
management
- Simplified node and network
commissioning
- NMS-based photonic QOS monitoring
Operates at the optical channel layer
- Improves management of transparent
optical channel services
- Applies to alien wavelengths as well as
channels with transponders
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

47
Benefits of Wavelength Tracker Unique Optical
Channel Identification (1 of 2)
Service Channel Identity
ITU-50 Svc_1
ITU-50 Svc_2
Desired Configuration
Deployed Configuration: Intermediate MisConnect
Due to device failure, provisioning failure or mis-fibering
at degree 4 node, Svc_1 and Svc_2 are mis-directed
Net result is mis-directed traffic where one end is
Svc_1 and the other end is Svc_2
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

48
Fault detection with and without Wavelength Instance
Identification (2 of 2)
Without Wavelength Instance
Identification
With Wavelength Instance Identification
Legend
Channel Present Channel Missing
Power Good Power Low Power High
Correct Instance Incorrect Instance Unknown Instance

X
I
I
?











I
I
I
I
I
I
I

I
I
I
I
I
Alarms raised at root cause node











?
?
?
?
?
?
?

?
?
?
?
?
No alarms raised in network.
For non-alien wavelengths, OTs may raise
TIM alarm IFF TTI is provisioned.
Incorrect instance at
faulted NE results in
one alarm per-service
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

49
Wavelength Tracker Operation
Per channel high speed CMOS-based eVOAs adjust power and encode with a unique WaveKey. Subcarrier
modulation at ~1MHZ using orthogonal Frequency Hopping Spread Spectrum techniques using multiple time-
varying tones. Spectral and temporal redundancy improves immunity to interference.
Closed loop encoder ensures fixed subcarrier modulation depth ( 4%)
Wavekey assignment is automatically managed by the NEs, which maintain a database of the all network
WaveKeys. Each 1830 network domain supports 112 unique keys per ITU channel, and is software scalable as
needed for more wavelengths or greater Hamming distances.
WaveTracker Decoder (WTD) placed at multiple points of optical path for intranode and internode optical
channel performance/fault monitoring. Decodes with very fine resolution bandwidth to reject noise sources outside a
narrow FFT bin, using large FFT, and averaging. Post-FFT correlation is performed over time and frequency.


Integrated
eVOAs for
power mgmt
1830 OT
or
Alien IF
M
U
X

DSP
WT Encode Sub-carrier
modulation
DSP
WTD
WSS/
ROADM
Wavelength
Tracker
Spectrum
DSP
WTD
DSP
WTD
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

50
WT-OCM (Optical Channel Monitor)
4x1 Optical Switch
O/E
DC Power
Detection
O/E
O/E
O/E
O/E
O/E
ID Detection
based on WT
Optical
Tunable
Filter
4x1 Optical Switch
O/E
DC Power
Detection
O/E
O/E
O/E
O/E
O/E
ID Detection
based on WT
Optical
Tunable
Filter
The WTOCM pack is a module that can be added to a network element to monitor up to four WTD ports with
enhanced Wave Key instance and power per channel detection capability designed for use in high capacity long
haul transmission systems
WT-OCM employs tuneable filter based monitoring technique (as opposed to integrated Wavelength Tracker
detector which uses a broadband PIN detector for continuous detection of the subcarrier tones)
WSS
WSS
MON
CWR CWR LD LD LD
MON
SIG SIG SIG SIG
LINE SIG
THRU
THRU
LINE LINE
WSS
WSS
MON
CWR CWR LD LD LD
MON
SIG SIG SIG SIG
LINE SIG
THRU
THRU
LINE LINE
WTOCM
WTOCM
WTOCM
WTOCM
Tuneable filter scans the optical spectrum obtaining
channel power and, for those channels that had been
encoded with the Wavelength Tracker keys at network
ingress, channel instance ID.
By isolating the wavelength from all other wavelengths
using a tuneable filter, during the power and ID
measurement, the impact of SRS induced crosstalk
effects on per channel power measurement accuracy is
significantly reduced. Thus this technology is suitable
for Long haul networks where higher powers and
therefore higher non-linearities, are predominant
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

51
Managed Alien Wavelengths via SVAC/ MVAC
nxGbE
10 GbE
C
W
R
8
Add
port
Drop
port
Rx
Tx
xVAC
External
colored signal
1830 PSS
CWR8 card
Signal flow
WT
Integrated Wavelength Tracker Encoder photonically keys alien channel for end-end manageability
without OEO
Establishes Wavelength Tracker Demarcation Point for alien optics
eVOA controls ingress power to maintain flat channel balancing
Single VOA card and 8-VOA card options
8xVOA module supported via pluggable SFP port that provides WT encoder functionality

Supporting third party/alien wavelength with full benefit of Photonic layer
monitoring supported by WavelengthTracker
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

52
1830 PSS Universal Service Cards
Multi-haul transport designed for flexibility and scalability
PACKET
SONET/SDH
SAN
11G
OTN
OTHER
2.7G
Full C-Band Tunable Line
Optics for 10G+ Channels
for lowest OPEX
Pluggable 10G - C/DWDM
Line Optics for lowest
CAPEX
Open Standards Based
Multiplexing
FEC options
Pluggable Client optics for
lowest CAPEX
Photonic OAM with
Integrated Wavelength
Tracker encode/decode
Multi-function Universal Service Cards:
Reduce Sparing Requirements (CAPEX control)
Software Defined to Simplify Planning, Inventory, and Training (OPEX control)
40G/100G/400G
Traditional
Coherent
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

53
1830 PSS Optical Protection Options
Protection options:
1+1 OCh (based on OPS switch card)
O-SNCP
E-SNCP
DWDM and CWDM
Bit-rate, service, and wavelength transparent
1+1 Optical Channel Protection
Against fiber, Amplifier and ROADM outage
Applicable to Tunable & Pluggable transponders

1+1 Electrical Subnetwork Connection Protection
Against fiber, Amplifier, DWDM and ROADM
outage
Applicable to Pluggable transponders

1+1 Optical Subnetwork Connection Protection
Against fiber, Amplifier, ROADM, and Transponder
outage
Applicable to Tunable & Pluggable transponders
C
L
I
E
N
T

C
L
I
E
N
T

XPDR
XPDR
XPDR
XPDR
Y-Cable
Y-Cable
C
L
I
E
N
T

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

C
L
I
E
N
T

M
U
X

M
U
X

M
U
X

M
U
X

OPS
OPS
C
L
I
E
N
T

C
L
I
E
N
T

X
P
D
R

X
P
D
R

OPS
OPS
M
U
X

M
U
X

M
U
X

M
U
X

OPS
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

2 c) Switching Architecture
_
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

55
ALCATEL-LUCENT 1830 PSS-64 AND PSS-36
ODU SWITCHING FOR LOWEST COST PER TRANSPORTED BIT
Any type of traffic data path
0.04 W per Gb/s
Total system consumption: 2W per Gb/s
1 TB/S SWITCH ON A SINGLE CHIP
ODUk switching
Prepared for handling ODU, SDH/SONET and
packet traffic to full capacity with no blocking point
2 Tb/s and 4 Tb/s capacity in a single chassis,
ready to scale
SCALABLE UNIVERSAL FABRIC
Lowest cost and power per transported
bit
Plug-and-play into new or existing
Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS-based
WDM/ROADM networks
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

56
ALCATEL-LUCENT 1830 PSS-64 AND PS-36
UNIVERSAL SWITCHING SOLUTION
1830 PSS Universal Switching Solution
Native OTN and SDH/Sonet
switching in universal matrix
of a switching shelf
Universal switching approach
provides full flexibility &
scalability
- Non blocking ODUk,
SDH/Sonet switching &
protection
- No bandwidth limitation,
matrix utilization adaptive to
equipped ports
- No cost penalties, pay as
you use
SDH/Sonet to OTH gateway
- Scalable and protectable
OTH gateway function
Terminated SDH/Sonet
STM-64/16/4/1
OC-192/48/12/3
OTH Line:
OTU-4/3/2
OTH Clients
STM-64/16/4/1
OC-192/48/12/3
GbE/10GbE
VC-4/
STS-1
ODU-k
SDH/Sonet Gateway
STM-64/OC-192 <-> ODU-2
STM-16/OC-48 <-> ODU-1
1+1 protected
ODU-k
VC-4/
STS-1
ODU-k
SDH/Sonet
Termin I/F
SDH/Sone
Termin. I/F
OTH
Client I/F
OTH
Client I/F
VC-4 / STS-1
ODU-k
SDH/Sonet
Termin. I/F
OTH
Client I/F
OTH
Line I/F
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

57
ODUk (k=0, 3e2)
ODU0 / 1 / 2 / 2e
ODU0 / 1
ODUk (k=0, 1, flex)
1830 PSS: FLEXIBLE PRODUCT ARCHITECTURE
OTN AGGREGATION & SWITCHING & DWDM UPLINK CARDS
GE
STM-1/4/16
OC-3/12/48
OTU1/FC
10 GE/FC
STM-64/OC-192
OTU2/OTU2e


OTU3/OTU3e2
100GE
OTU4
24xANY
10x10G ANY
10G Uplink
2x40G
40G Uplink
1x100G
ODU0/1/2/2e/3/3e/4/flex
Agnostic
fabric
1/2/4 Tb/s
ODU2/2e ODU1 ODU3/3e ODU4
OTU2/2e OTU1 OTU4
OCh OCh OCh
10 Gb/s 40 Gb/s 100 Gb/s
OTU3/3e2
OCh
2.5 Gb/s
Low order
WDM
High order
ODU0/1/2/2e/3/3e2/4, ODUflex
Committed to support evolving OTN standards & 100G line cards:
Alcatel-Lucent 1830 PSS hardware is future-ready to support new
transport containers, such as ODUflex and ODU4
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

58
ALCATEL-LUCENT 1830 PSS-64/-36
CARD VERSIONS
Universal interface cards
- Combine various options for multiple interface
types, line rates and backplane signal formats
on a single board type
- Provide the most flexible options for port-type
provisioning
- Reduce board type variants to a minimum
- Minimize hardware demands by covering all
applications that demand a wide range of port
types with a limited port count per type
Application-optimized interface cards
- Classical interface card types optimized for
specific applications
- Port types with limited port-type provisioning
options dedicated to a specific application
- Cost-optimized for applications with high port
demands for the same type
24 x GE 10 x 10GE 10 x 10G any 24 x Multirate any 10 x 10G
ETHERNET OVER OTN OTN
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

59
ALCATEL-LUCENT 1830 PSS ARCHITECTURE
MULTILAYER GMPLS
CAPEX reduction
- Scales the network by forwarding
and protecting bits at the most
economical layer
OPEX reduction
- Increases service availability by keeping
the disjointedness of main and spare
resources in multiple layers
- Harmonizes operations and services
across layers by providing consistent
operation
- Avoids traffic hits by using
a coordinated, sequenced
reversion strategy
- Recovers quickly by coordinating
responses to failures without mandating
hold-off timers for layer decoupling
- Guarantees highest network
power efficiency
Path setup from A to B
Photonic switching (WDM)
Electronic switching (ODU)
A B
MRN control plane solution leverages photonic and electronic switching
to optimize network cost
UNI UNI
GMPLS/multi-region network (MRN)
control plane
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

60
OTN HIERARCHY
SCALABLE, UNIFIED PHOTONIC AND ELECTRONIC NETWORKING
WDM switching
ODU switching ODU switching
WDM switching
Line amplifier
Optical Transport
Section (OTS)
Optical Multiplex Section (OMS): multi-wavelengths
Optical Channel (OCh): wavelength
Optical Channel Data Unit (ODU): sub-wavelength
Line amplifier
1:N
1:N
N:1
N:1
Electronic domain
Photonic domain
Scalable sub-wavelength and
wavelength layers from
1 Gb/s to 100 Gb/s
Bandwidth management of
any traffic type
Full SLA/quality control in
large multicarrier networks
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

61
ODUk SWITCHING
OTN CLIENT/LINE SWITCHING
Client/Line switching strongly increases transponder flexibility
Transponder
DWDM transponders usually support one type of
client interface to fill one wavelength. When a
service mix of 1GE, STM-16/OC-48, 10GE, FC
and 40GE is required to be transported, this can
not be achieved with one single transponder and
thus results in inefficient bandwidth utilization.

Switchponder
Muxponders/Switchponders can be understood
as transponders functionally cut in half with the
one half with the client ports connected to the
central ODUk switching fabric on and the line
ports connected to the central fabric. This way
they enable
Flexible client to line assignment through an
independent fabric
No cascading of transponders needed
A no single point of failure architecture
Photonic control plane
Tuneable interfaces (WT encoding and power
management) controlled by Photonic master.
OCS switching
CIF CIF CIF CIF
SP SP SP SP
L
I
F

OT OT OT OT
OCh switching
OCh switching
ODU3 STM64 1GE
ODU3 STM64 1GE
L
I
F

1+1 MSP
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

62
ODUk SWITCHING
CENTRALIZED ODU SWITCHING
Extended network lifetime, simpler operation and planning
Service Oriented Networking
Muxponders/Switchponders and centralized ODU
switching can be understood as a service
oriented networking. Non-blocking ODU
switching enables
Networking at Lambda, Port, and Sub-Port
level
Multi service networking with traffic
segregation
Deterministic latency aware network behavior
Constant delay and no delay variation
Restoration with a per service SLA
Ultra fast and fine granular electrical
restoration of client signals/service level
Sub-lambda grooming between line ports
Maximizes network utilization and extends
network lifetime
Multilayer design optimization w/ NPT
OCS switching
CIF CIF CIF CIF
SP SP SP SP
L
I
F

OCh switching
ODU3 STM64 1GE
L
I
F

1+1 MSP
OTN /
photonic
switches
Converged
backbone
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

63
Electronic switching layer (ODU)
Step 0: Separated layers: IP,
electronic and optical
switching

CROSS-LAYER GMPLS CONTROL PLANE
INTELLIGENCE AND EFFICIENCY
Automated network
operations, cross-layer
operations
Maximized network
monetization
Enhanced SLA assurance and
resilience with restoration
IP layer
Photonic switching (OCh)
GMPLS
UNI
GMPLS
UNI
GMPLS
UNI
GMPLS
UNI
Step 2: Common control plane:
- GMPLS intelligence
- Multiregion network (MRN)
GMPLS/MRN
Step 1: Converged optical layer:
electronic and photonic switching

Electronic switching layer (ODU)
NMS
Service activation
Step 3: IP and optical layer
integration
IP sub-lambda service (15G)
IP Lambda service (100G)
Bandwidth
brokering
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

5. HW Encryption in 1830 PSS

COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

65
ENCRYPTED NETWORKING SOLUTION
LAN
Main Data
Center Data Center
SAN
SAN
LAN
Data Center
SAN
LAN
Allows enterprises to secure the
WAN and protect in-flight
mission critical data

Allows enterprises to comply
with regulatory requirements
for private and hybrid cloud
security

Allows Managed Service
Providers to evolve to
encrypted wavelength
services with integrated key
management to satisfy
enterprise customers needs
Key Management Tool
(KMT)
Optical Network
Encrypted Wavelengths
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

66
QUAD 11G ENCRYPTION MODULE
Full height, single slot card in PSS-4/16/32
- 4 x XFP (Tunable) Line, and 4 x XFP (B&W) Client
- Supports 8G FC, 10G FC, 10GE, OTU2 (later QDR
Infiniband )
- AES256 block cypher with Counter Mode Encryption
- Symmetric key encryption
- E-to-E latency (including encryption) < 15usec
- Ready for customer encryption algorithm as
downloaded image (highly specialized applications,
e.g. military)
- Key Management Tool (KMT)
- Separation of operation and crypto functions
- Key end user management and control
- Key generation
- Automated or on demand key rotation
- Integration to centralized key management software
- 1+1 Client and Line protection (Y-cable and OPS)
- Cascaded with 11DPM12/11DPE12 provides
encrypted transmission for GbE, FC100/200/400
services
- FIPS 140-2 Level 2 and CC certified
1
uBCM
LAN
DC-DC
Misc
FPGA
XFP
XFP
XFP
XFP
F
P
G
A

WT SFP
XO
XFP-T
XFP-T
XFP-T
XFP-T
Mapper
ENCRYPT
Module
8
x
8

a
t

1
1
G
b
/
s

Clock
Distribution
11Gb/s
1
Future release

Mapper
ENCRYPT
Module
Mapper
ENCRYPT
Module
Mapper
ENCRYPT
Module
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

67
67
Key Management Tool
Standalone s/w tool
Configures symmetric keys
Accepts keys from customers keying systems,
e.g., RSA RKM (future release)
Provides graphical view of security alarms
Manages encryption network wide view
Separates network and crypto admin roles
Enables end user to configure and manage
keys
KEY MANAGEMENT TOOL (KMT)
Integral component of the overall encryption solution deployed by
Service Providers and Enterprises
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

5. Network Planning, Comissioning
_
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

69
Network
commissioning
Service
management
Maintenance
operations
Fiber bends/cuts
Equipment failures
Fault sectionalization
Power balancing
Threshold warnings
Single-event
operation
(out-of-service)
Continuous proactive
operations
(in-service)
Grow and maintain
Configure equipment
Provision wavelength
services
Protect services
Manage service
inventory
Verify circuit packs
Measure actual losses
Adjust amplifier gains
Compare actual vs. plan
Flag any discrepancies
Zero Touch Photonics Network Operations
Alcatel Lucent NMS
Deploy
Optical Power Management
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

70
Network Optical Power Management Process
Network planning
Light path validation
Generates commissioning files (commissioning.xml)
Target powers, amplifier gain ranges, span and internal
port-to-port loses, etc
Uploads commissioning file from EPT
Automatic power commissioning (no OTs required)
Comparison of design vs. installed equipment configuration
Configuration of power management parameters and trigger of
adjustment functions
Loss report
Network power balancing tool (in-service)
EPT
Stores commissioning parameters
Card level control loops (real-time)
Ingress and egress adjustments
Safety clamps on loops
Service launch automation
Network Planning
& Design
Commissioning &
Power Balance (CPB)
Network Element
(NE) Operation
Upload of
Optical
Transport
Services
triggered by
user request
(XML File)
Commissioning.xml file
CPB
NE
SNMP
SNMP
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

71
Network Commissioning Details
NE ASE Adjustment Functions
1a. Trigger Egress Adjust
start - amplifier into
constant output power ASE
mode.
1b. WSS set to all
channels thru.
1c. Bulk power-
based Egress Adjust
calculations
2b. Bulk power-based
Ingress Adjust
calculations
3a. Egress
Adjust end &
WSS set to all
channels
blocked.
3b. Egress
Adjust end &
amplifier into
constant gain
mode.
Same procedure for ILAs, except no
WSS to unblock within the ILAs
2a. Trigger Ingress Adjust
ASE adjustment used during commissioning
on TOADM by CPB
It is used in ring and for not terminating NEs
in a linear system
CWR8 CWR8 CWR8 CWR8
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

72

Network Commissioning Details
Commissioning For a Ring Sequenced by CPB
A B C
D
G E
H
F
ASE mode

ASE egress
adjust
ASE ingress
adjust
1) A egress adjust
(turns on
indicated amp
ASE mode)
2) B ingress adjust
3) A egress adjust
end (turns of
amp)
4) Then next
segment B to C;
etc
COPYRIGHT 2011 ALCATEL-LUCENT. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED.

73