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THE WAR In The PACIFIC

1941-1945
Following the attack on Pearl Harbor
US bases are overrun on Guam, Wake &
the Philippine Islands.
ISLAND HOPPING or LEAPFROGGING
Doolittles Raiders April 1942
Sixteen US B-25 Bombers are launched from
aircraft carriers to strike a blow against Japan.
Led by Col. Jimmy Doolittle, the mission
dispels the Japanese myth of Kamikaze.

In May 1942, 70,000 US and Filipino troops
are forced to surrender on the Philippines.
The Bataan Death March
7,000 10, 000 die along the way.
GENERAL DOUGLAS MAC ARTHUR. I shall return.
JUNE 4th 7th 1942
The Battle of Midway
Turning Point of War in the Pacific
Battle Fought Entirely By Air
Japan looses 3 out of 4 of its Aircraft Carriers
as the result of US air attacks.
The US looses one Aircraft Carrier
The USS Yorktown
The US Marines launch amphibious attacks against
Japanese held islands in the Pacific.
Gen. MacArthur Returns to the Philippines
October 1944
Battle of Iwo Jima Feb. 1945
First Japanese home island captured.
Bloodiest Battle in Marine Corps history
20,000 casualties.
The Japanese strategy was unique for three reasons:

1. The Japanese didn't fight above ground. They
fought the battle entirely from beneath the
ground. They dug 1,500 rooms into the rock.
These were connected with 16 miles of tunnels.

2. Japanese strategy called for "no Japanese
survivors." They planned not to survive.

3. Japanese strategy was for each soldier to kill 10
Americans before they themselves are killed.

Mount Suribachi
Flag raising on Mt. Suribachi
Using airfields on Iwo Jima, American -29s
begin a bombing campaign against
Japanese cities using napalm to start fires.
Battle of Okinawa April - June 1945
Largest amphibious assault in Pacific War.
Last major battle of the war.
OVER 1,400 Kamikaze attacks
Kamikaze Divine Wind

ALBERT EINSTIEN
THE MANHATTAN PROJECT
JULY 16, 1945
TRINITY TEST
ALAMAGORDO, NEW MEXICO
Worlds 1
st
Atomic Fission Test
ROBERT J. OPPENHIEMER
Manhattan Project Director
The Gadget
The explosion was equivalent to 20,000 tons of TNT.
Trinity

16 July 1945

If the radiance of a thousand suns
Were to burst at once into the sky,
That would be like the splendor of the
Mighty One...
I am become Death,
The shatterer of Worlds.

The Bhagavad-Gita

FAT MAN and LITTLE BOY
AUGUST 6, 1945
Col. Paul Tibbets
HIROSHIMA
GROUND ZERO
NAGASAKI
AUGUST 9, 1945
Nagasaki death toll 80,000
VJ DAY August 15, 1945
Japanese surrender aboard the USS Missouri.
Country Military Civilian Total
Soviet Union

13,600,000

7,700,000

21,300,000

China

1,324,000

10,000,000

11,324,000

Germany

3,250,000

3,810,000

7,060,000

Poland**

850,000

6,000,000

**6,850,000

Japan

1,506,000

300,000

1,806,000

Great Britain


326,000

1,400,000

1,726,000

United States*

400,000

1,700

401,700

France*

340,000

470,000

810,000

Hungary*

-

-

750,000

Austria

380,000

145,000

525,000

Greece*

-

-

520,000

Italy

330,000

80,000

410,000

Czechoslovakia

-

-

400,000

Great Britain

326,000

62,000

388,000

USA

295,000

-

295,000

Holland

14,000

236,000

250,000

Belgium

10,000

75,000

85,000

Finland

79,000

-

79,000

Canada

39,000

-

39,000

India

36,000

-

36,000

Australia

29,000

-

29,000

Spain***

12,000

10,000

22,000

Bulgaria

19,000

2,000

21,000

New Zealand

12,000

-

12,000

South Africa

9,000

-

9,000

Norway

5,000

-

5,000

Denmark

4,000

-

4,000