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Definition of Cluster Analysis

Cluster analysis procedures empirically form clusters or groups


of highly similar entities. More specifically, a clustering method is
a multivariate statistical procedure that starts with a data set
containing information about a sample of entities and attempts to
reorganize these entities into relatively homogeneous groups.

Aldenderfer, Mark S., and Roger K. Blashfield (1984), Cluster
Analysis, Newbury Park, CA: Sage, p.7.