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Daar-

Daar-ul-
ul-Kutub Publications presents:

‫ت‬
ُ َ‫ن َو اَه‬
ُ ‫ا ْ َا‬
Colors & Defects
Book One

Compiled and Translated by Aboo 'Imraan al-Mekseekee


(Colors & Defects Book One)

Compiled and Translated by the one in need of Allah’s pardon


Aboo ‘Imraan ‘Abdus-Saboor bin Tomas Maldonado al-Mekseekee
-may Allah forgive him, his family, and all of the Muslims-

First Edition
Copyright © 2009

[Permission is granted to all who wish to print this document for public or private use without
the consent of the compiler under the grounds that such printing be done solely for educational
purposes without any desire for monetary profit or gains.]
Introduction
The following chart will help one to learn the colors and defects based on the adjective form Afal. I went
through the entire Hans Wher from Alif to Yaa and wrote each color or defect that I found in a notebook. I
then arranged them into chart forms to include the feminine gender along with the singular, dual and
plural forms. I based the English meanings off of Ibn Mundhir’s Lisaan-ul-Arab, E.W.Lane’s Maad-ul-
Qaamoos and ar-Raazee’s Mukhtaar-us-Sihaah whenever there was a need to. This document is by no
means an extensive list of colors and defects merely the basic ones that every student of Arabic should be
familiar with. Many others will be found in the Quran, the prophetic narrations and Islamic literature of
the Muslim scholars that are not listed here. After studying from this series you will have a good working
knowledge of these colors and defects.
Book One covers some of the basic colors that fall under the Afal form while Book Two covers the basic
defects most commonly used by the Arabs. In some cases I added what may be considered a defect along
with the colors since it is by the color that the student will more easily identify when finding these words
in the Arabic texts.
I ask that all who find benefit from this series to make Duaa for me and that you ask Allah the Most High
to guide me, forgive me of my sins and shortcomings, and grant me knowledge and sustenance. Indeed
He is the Most Capable of doing so, the Generous.
The weak one,
Aboo ‘Imraan ‘Abdus-Saboor bin Tomas Maldonado al-Mekseekee
Grammatical Points of Benefit
A common form of adjective used for colors and defects is  ُ َ ْ ‫ أ‬The chart below demonstrates how this form is conjugated
into the male, female, dual, and plural forms. The plural is used for both male and female genders. All of the colors and
defects listed in this chart are based off of the conjugated forms below. It is strongly recommended that you memorize these
five forms. You will encounter many of these words in the Quraan, the Ahaadeeth, and in the works of the ‘Ulamaa.

ٌْ ُ ‫ن‬
ِ ‫ وَا‬
َ ْ َ ‫ ُء‬
َ ْ َ ‫ن‬
ِ
َ َ ْ ‫أ‬ 
ُ َ ْ ‫أ‬
Male & Female Plural Female Singular
Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

The male and female forms are considered Mamnoo min as-Sarf meaning that they never take a Tanween sign or Kasrah. Ibn
Hishaam (rahimahullah) mentions in Qatar-un-Nadaa that the only time it does take Kasrah is if the definite article Al is attached to
it or if it is in a noun construction form (an Idhaafah), for example:

ِ 
َ ْ ِ
Or

ُْ ِ 
َ ْ ِ
However normally with out these two instances then you read:

ُ ْ ِ َ 
َ ْ ِ
Both the male and female plural and dual forms are not Mamnoo min as-Sarf.
Some examples from the Quraan include:

‫( َ ِد‬
ْ َ ‫ ا‬
ِ ْ 
َ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ ِ &
ُ َ ْ َ ‫ ا‬
ُ ْ 
َ ْ ‫ َ ُ ُ ا‬
َ َ!"َ #َ $"َ%
{…Until the white thread becomes distinct to you form the black thread.} 2: 187

‫َاء‬+2ْ 3
َ ٌ‫ة‬+َ ,َ َ َ-/ّ ‫ِإ‬
{…it is a yellow cow.} 2: 69

َ-/ُ ‫ٌ َأ ْ َا‬9ِ "َ 


ْ : ٌ+8ْ %
ُ ‫دٌ ِ&ٌ َو‬4َ 5ُ ‫!َ ِل‬7
ِ ْ ‫ ا‬
َ ِ ‫َو‬
ٌ‫; (ُ د‬ ُ ِ‫َا‬+<
َ ‫َو‬
{…and among the mountains are streaks of various white and red of colors and others raven
black.} 35: 27

And of course there are many more to be found within the Book of Allah.
How to read the charts in this series:
This box indicates the three
letter Arabic root of the This box indicates the color or
word for dictionary defect.
reference. This box indicates the verb type of
the word.

This row of boxes


indicates the male &
female singular, dual,
and plural forms of the
word.

This is the meaning of the word in the English language.


‫ن‬
ُ ‫ا ْ َا‬
The Colors

Arranged in alphabetical order


Root
&
ُ َ ْ ‫أ‬ Verb Type

& =>َ‫ف ا‬
ُ َ 5
ْ ‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ&ْ ِ ‫َ َْ ُء َ َْوَا ِن‬ ‫ن‬


ِ ََ ْ ‫أ‬ &
ُ َ ْ ‫أ‬

Meaning: White as in skin color, or the actual color.

1
Root

ُ5
َ ْ‫أد‬ Verb Type

5‫د‬ ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ5
ْ ‫َوَا ِن ُد‬5ْ ‫َ ُء َد‬5ْ ‫َد‬ ‫ن‬
ِ َ5
َ ْ‫أد‬ 
ُ5
َ ْ‫أد‬

Meaning: Dark

2
Root
ُ ‫أدْ َه‬ Verb Type

‫ده‬ ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ‫َوَا ِن ُد ْه‬8‫َ ُء َد ْه‬8‫َد ْه‬ ‫ن‬


ِ َ8‫أدْ َه‬ ُ ‫أدْ َه‬

Meaning: Black

3
Root

ُ Aَ ْ‫أر‬ Verb Type

A‫ر‬ ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form


ٌ Aْ ‫َوَا ِن ُر‬CAْ ‫َء َر‬CAْ ‫َر‬ ‫ن‬
ِ َCAَ ْ‫أر‬ 
ُ Aَ ْ‫أر‬

Meaning: Spotted like a leopard.

4
Root
D
ُ َ ْ‫أر‬ Verb Type

D‫ر‬ ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌDْ ‫َر َْ ُء رََوَا ِن ُر‬ ‫ن‬


ِ ََ ْ‫أر‬ D
ُ َ ْ‫أر‬

Meaning: Ashen, Ashy

5
Root
‫ق‬
ُ ‫أزْ َر‬ Verb Type

‫زرق‬ ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ‫َوَا ِن ُزرْق‬Aْ‫َ ُء َزر‬Aْ‫َزر‬ ‫ن‬


ِ َA‫أزْ َر‬ ‫ق‬
ُ ‫أزْ َر‬

Meaning: Blue

6
Root
Gُ 2َ (
ْ ‫أ‬ Verb Type

G2( ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌG2ْ (
ُ ‫َوَا ِن‬2ْ (َ ‫َ ُء‬2ْ (
َ ‫ن‬
ِ َ2َ (
ْ ‫أ‬ Gُ 2َ (
ْ ‫أ‬

Meaning: Dark brown

7
Root
+ُ 8َ (
ْ ‫أ‬ Verb Type

+8( ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ+8ْ (
ُ ‫َاوَا ِن‬+8ْ (َ ‫َا ُء‬+8ْ (
َ ‫ن‬
ِ ‫َا‬+8َ (
ْ ‫أ‬ +ُ 8َ (
ْ ‫أ‬

Meaning: Brown

8
Root
‫( َ ُد‬
ْ ‫أ‬ Verb Type

‫( د‬ ‫ف ا َاوِي‬
ُ َ 5
ْ ‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ‫( ْد‬
ُ ‫( ْدَا ُء َ( ْدَاوَا ِن‬
َ ‫ن‬
ِ ‫( َ دَا‬
ْ ‫أ‬ ‫( َ ُد‬
ْ ‫أ‬

Meaning: Black

9
Root
+ُ ,َ I
ْ ‫أ‬ Verb Type

+,I ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ+,ْ I
ُ ‫َاوَا ِن‬+,ْ Iَ ‫َا ُء‬+,ْ I
َ ‫ن‬
ِ ‫َا‬+,َ I
ْ ‫أ‬ +ُ ,َ I
ْ ‫أ‬

Meaning: Blond, Reddish

10
Root

ُ 8َ I
ْ ‫أ‬ Verb Type

8I ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form


ٌ 8ْ I
ُ ‫َوَا ِن‬C8ْ Iَ ‫َ ُء‬C8ْ I
َ ‫ن‬
ِ َC8َ I
ْ ‫أ‬ 
ُ 8َ I
ْ ‫أ‬

Meaning: A person having black hair with speckles of gray mixed in.

11
Root
;
ُ َ I
ْ ‫أ‬ Verb Type

;I =>َ‫ف ا‬
ُ َ 5
ْ ‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ;ْ I
ِ ‫ ْ!َوَا ِن‬Iَ ‫ ْ!َ ُء‬I
َ ‫ن‬
ِ َ!َ I
ْ ‫أ‬ ;
ُ َ I
ْ ‫أ‬
Gray-haired males or
Two gray-haired females A gray-haired female Two gray-haired men A gray-haired man
females

Meaning: A person having completely gray hair due to old age or worry with no black in it whatsoever.

12
Root
;
ُ -َ I
ْ ‫أ‬ Verb Type

;-I ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ;-ْ I
ُ ‫!َوَا ِن‬-ْ Iَ ‫!َ ُء‬-ْ I
َ ‫ن‬
ِ َ!-َ I
ْ ‫أ‬ ;
ُ -َ I
ْ ‫أ‬

Meaning: Gray

13
Root
+ُ J
َ3ْ ‫أ‬ Verb Type

+J3 ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ+J
ْ3ُ ‫َاوَا ِن‬+Jْ 3
َ ‫ء‬
ُ ‫َا‬+J
ْ3
َ ‫ن‬
ِ ‫َا‬+J
َ3
ْ ‫أ‬ +ُ J
َ3ْ ‫أ‬

Meaning: Desert like, or color of the desert.

14
Root
;
ُ -َ 3
ْ ‫أ‬ Verb Type

;-3 ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ;-ْ 3
ُ ‫!َوَا ِن‬-ْ 3
َ ‫!َ ُء‬-ْ 3
َ ‫ن‬
ِ َ!-َ 3
ْ ‫أ‬ ;
ُ -َ 3
ْ ‫أ‬

Meaning: Reddish

15
Root
+ُ 2َ 3
ْ ‫أ‬ Verb Type

+23 ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ+2ْ 3
ُ ‫َاوَا ِن‬+2ْ 3
َ ‫َا ُء‬+2ْ 3
َ ‫ن‬
ِ ‫َا‬+2َ 3
ْ ‫أ‬ +ُ 2َ 3
ْ ‫أ‬

Meaning: Yellow

16
Root
+ُ 2َ K
ْ‫أ‬ Verb Type

+2K ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ+2ْ K
ُ ‫َاوَا ِن‬+2ْ Kَ ‫َا ُء‬+2ْ Kَ ‫ن‬
ِ ‫َا‬+2َ K
ْ‫أ‬ +ُ 2َ K
ْ‫أ‬

Meaning: Dust colored

17
Root
+ُ !َ <
ْ‫أ‬ Verb Type

+!< ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ+!ْ <
ُ ‫َاوَا ِن‬+!ْ <َ ‫َا ُء‬+!ْ <َ ‫ن‬
ِ ‫َا‬+!َ <
ْ‫أ‬ +ُ !َ <
ْ‫أ‬

Meaning: Dusty colored

18
Root
L
ُ َ K
ْ‫أ‬ Verb Type

LK =>َ‫ف ا‬
ُ َ 5
ْ ‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌLْ K
ِ ‫ ْ@َوَا ِن‬Kَ ‫ ْ@َ ُء‬Kَ ‫ن‬
ِ َ@َ K
ْ‫أ‬ L
ُ َ K
ْ‫أ‬

Meaning: Yellowish White (Camel)

19
Root
ُ "َ Aْ ‫أ‬ Verb Type

"A ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ"ْ Aُ ‫ن‬
ِ ‫َوَا‬8"ْ Aَ ‫َ ُء‬8"ْ Aَ ‫ن‬
ِ َ8"َ Aْ ‫أ‬ ُ "َ Aْ ‫أ‬

Meaning: Dark colored

20
Root
+ُ 8َ Aْ ‫أ‬ Verb Type

+8A ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ+8ْ Aُ ِ ‫َاوَا‬+8ْ Aَ ‫ء‬


‫ن‬ ُ ‫َا‬+8ْ Aَ ‫َا ِن‬+8َ Aْ ‫أ‬ +ُ 8َ Aْ ‫أ‬

Meaning: Moon white, like one’s face being radiant.

21
Root
4ُ 8َ ‫أ ْآ‬ Verb Type

48‫آ‬ ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ48ْ ‫ُآ‬ ‫ن‬


ِ ‫َا َو‬48ْ ‫َآ‬ ‫َا ُء‬48ْ ‫َا ِن َآ‬48َ ‫أ ْآ‬ 4ُ 8َ ‫أ ْآ‬

Meaning: Dark colored

22
Root
9
ُ َ ‫أ ْآ‬ Verb Type

9‫آ‬ ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ9ْ ‫ُآ‬ ‫ن‬


ِ ‫َوَا‬2ْ ‫َآ‬ ‫َ ُء‬2ْ ‫َآ‬ ‫ن‬
ِ َ2َ ‫أ ْآ‬ 9
ُ َ ‫أ ْآ‬

Meaning: Freckled

23
Root
N
ُ 8َ /ْ ‫أ‬ Verb Type

N8/ ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌN8ْ /ُ ‫َوَا ِن‬O8ْ /َ ‫َ ُء‬O8ْ /َ ‫ن‬


ِ َO8َ /ْ ‫أ‬ N
ُ 8َ /ْ ‫أ‬

Meaning: Freckled

24
Root
+ُ 8َ /ْ ‫أ‬ Verb Type

+8/ ُ ِ @‫ا‬

Male & Female Plural Female Singular


Female Dual Form Male Dual Form Male Singular Form
Form Form

ٌ+8ْ /ُ ِ ‫َاوَا‬+8ْ /َ ‫ء‬


‫ن‬ ُ ‫َا‬+8ْ /َ ‫َا ِن‬+8َ /ْ ‫أ‬ +ُ 8َ /ْ ‫أ‬

Meaning: Spotted, like a tiger.

25
‫ت‬
‫ َ ُ ا ُ ْ َدَا ِ‬
‫َُا َ‬
‫"‬
‫أرْ َ ُ‬ ‫‬
‫أرْ َ ُ‬ ‫أدْ َه ُ‬ ‫‬
‫ُ‬ ‫أدْ َ‬ ‫‬
‫أ ْ َ ُ‬
‫) َ( ُ‬ ‫أْ‬ ‫& َ' ُد‬
‫أْ‬ ‫& َ ُ‬ ‫أْ‬ ‫& َ ُ‪%‬‬‫أْ‬ ‫ق‬
‫أزْ َر ُ‬
‫*‬
‫‪ُ +َ -‬‬ ‫أ ْ‬ ‫‪ُ ,‬‬ ‫‪َ-‬‬ ‫أ ْ‬ ‫*‬
‫) َ‪ُ +‬‬ ‫أْ‬ ‫*‬
‫) َ ُ‬ ‫أْ‬ ‫‬
‫) َ ُ‬ ‫أْ‬
‫أ ْ َ‪ُ 2‬‬ ‫‪1‬‬
‫‪ُ َ .‬‬ ‫أْ‬ ‫‪ُ /َ 0‬‬‫أْ‬ ‫‪ُ َ .‬‬ ‫أْ‬ ‫‪ُ َ -‬‬
‫أ ْ‬
‫أ ْ‪ُ َ 8‬‬ ‫‪7‬‬
‫أ ْ‪ُ َ 8‬‬ ‫‪5‬‬
‫أ ْآَ‪ُ 6‬‬ ‫أ ْآ َ ُ‪3‬‬ ‫أ ْ َ ُ‬
‫‪26‬‬
End of Book One
-with the assistance of Allah, the All-
Mighty-

Daar-
Daar-ul-
ul-Kutub Publications Copyright © 2009

Daar-
Daar-ul-
ul-Kutub Publications: Encouraging the Muslim Community to learn th
thee language of the Quraan