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Running head: Mrs. D.

SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 1




















Scientific Method Unit Plan:
Grade 6
November 8, 2010
Mrs. D.























Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 2

Title: Scientific Method: Mythbusters Style

Goal:
61 Design and carry out an investigation in which variables are identified and controlled,
and that provides a fair test of the question being investigated.
62 Recognize the importance of accuracy in observation and measurement; and apply
suitable methods to record, compile, interpret and evaluate observations and
measurements.

Instructional Technique: Project based, Guided discovery, Multiple learning styles/intelligence types
Prior Knowledge/Instruction: Students will have just completed a unit on Investigation for science
Definition:
Eng: Scientific Method: A method of research based on gathering data, creating a hypothesis
and empirically tested, direct investigative approach. It is a tool, but it is not the only way to
complete scientific research.
Fr: Mthode scientifique: Un mthode de recherche qui lutilise la recherche, une
hypothse, la collection du data, et qui forme une conclusion. Cest un utile, mais ce nest
pas la seule faon de faire le recherche scientifique.
Essential Question:
Eng: How can we use the scientific method in scientific research?
Fr: Comment es-ce que on peut utiliser la mthode scientifique pour faire la recherche
scientifique?
Time frame: 3 Weeks 1 class per day (Monday Thursday) 45 minute class (12 - 45 minute
classes)
Overview:
Lesson 1 (Monday) What is the scientific method?
o Flocabulary
o Skit
o Visual
o Puzzle
Lesson 2 (Tuesday) How do we use the scientific method?
o Review of Flocabulary
o Introduction of Mythbusters
o Discussion of Variables
o Application of scientific method to Mythbusters
Lesson 3 (Wednesday)
o Mythbusters video
o Introduction of Mythbusters project
o Group creation of rubric
Lesson 4 (Thursday)
Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 3

o Finalization of rubric
o Introduction of timeline
o Brainstorming session
Lesson 5 11
o Work on projects
Lesson 12
o Mythbusters Exhibition
Accommodations: Many different methods of teaching used to teach the scientific method visual,
auditory, kinaesthetic and many different intelligence types touched on.
Overall Unit Assessment: Project assessment based on class made rubric.
Lesson 1
Set Induction and Advanced Organizer (10 minutes): Brainstorm with the class to see what they
already know about the scientific method.
Activity (30 minutes): Teach the scientific method using multiple sources/media/learning
styles/intelligence types
Flocabulary (lyrics displayed on board)
o http://www.flocabulary.com/scientific-method/
Have a 3 students who understand the topic well go quickly work on a skit in the hallway
o Appendix 1
Have remaining students complete a puzzle
o Each student will have one part of the scientific method. Without talking or showing
each other their paper, students will have to line up in order of the scientific
method. There will be multiple people with each step. Teachers may participate if
there are not enough students to complete the activity.
o Appendix 2
Presentation of skit
Show diagram of the scientific method
o Appendix 3
Discussion (2 minutes): Students turn to a partner and talk about which method helped/will help
them understand the scientific method best (Learning style, intelligence types to be discussed next
class, or at end of class if time allows)
Lesson 2
Set Induction and Advanced Organizer (7 minutes): Review of Flocabulary. The lyrics (with some
words missing) will be put on the board. Students will have to shout (not too loudly...) the missing
lyrics out as they remember them (FI students will have to say the words in French)
http://www.flocabulary.com/scientific-method/
Activity (30 minutes):
Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 4

Explanation of variables using a visual (this will be applied in the movie)
Students will be shown the video of Mythbusters
(http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=htfDnYS15Bo) and students will guided as a class to
pick out the different steps of the scientific method and the variables
Discussion (3 Minutes): Review what variables (Control, independent, dependent) are and how
students can remember them (based on what they discovered in the first lesson).
Lesson 3
Set Induction and Advanced Organizer (15 minutes): Mythbusters video to discuss as a class

Activity (20 minutes):
Introduction of project for the mini-unit (Mythbusters project)
o Demonstrate the scientific method
o Presentation of project in different methods
Online, poster, etc. that can be displayed in an end of the unit Mythbusters
exhibition
Class creation of a rubric for the project
o Example in Appendix 4
Discussion (10 minutes): Class will create a definition of the scientific method together
Lesson 4
Set Induction and Advanced Organizer (10 minutes): Mythbusters video have students determine
steps of scientific method on their own then check as a class

Activity (35 minutes):
Finalize rubric if necessary and introduce checklist/timeline and check-in points
o Appendix 5
Take questions about project if any
Brainstorm topics with the class
Set partners and/or individuals
Begin work on the project
Lessons 5-11
Set Induction and Advanced Organizer (10 minutes): Mythbusters video have students determine
all of the variables on their own and check as a class (or scientific method checking for
understanding and practice)

Activity (35 minutes):
Continue working on projects

Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 5

Lesson 12
Mythbusters Exhibition

























Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 6

Appendix 1
Scientific Method - music sample - 2006 Smart Kid Publishing, ASCAP


Teacher: Ok, class, today we're going to demonstrate the scientific method.

Robot: I enjoy the scientific method

Teacher: To help make it easier to understand, last year's science fair winner, Johnny Gassenwhiffer,
will go through all 7 steps of the scientific method with me.

Robot: Step one...IDENTIFY THE PROBLEM

Teacher: So, Johnny, what was the problem you wanted to answer?

Johnny: Uh, why did my living room smell so bad?

Robot: Step two...MAKE OBSERVATIONS

Teacher: What observations did you make about that smelly room, Johnny?

Johnny: Well, Uncle Bill and his dog Beans were in the room.

Robot: Step three...STATE YOUR HYPOTHESIS

Teacher: Your hypothesis is a likely explanation of the problem. What did you think the problem
was, Johnny?

Johnny: It smelled like somebody farted!

Robot: Step four...TEST YOUR HYPOTHESIS

Teacher: To test your hypothesis, you have to set up your experiment so that it has only one
variable. That way, you can be fairly sure that the changes you observe are caused by that variable.
You should also set up a control, which is a different setup that does not have the variable you're
testing. So Johnny, how did you set up your experiment?

Johnny: Well, I first smelled the room when Uncle Bill was alone and then I smelled the room when
Uncle Bill and Beans were together in the room and then I smelled the room when Beans was alone.

Robot: Step five...COLLECT AND RECORD DATA

Teacher: Data is the information from your experiment that you can use to make conclusions. What
data did you collect, Johnny?
Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 7


Johnny: Well, sometimes when Uncle Bill and Beans were together, the room smelled terrible and
sometimes when Uncle Bill was alone, the room still smelled bad and when Beans was alone, the
room never was never stinky!

Robot: Step six...STUDY THE DATA

Teacher: So mister Johnny Gassenwhiffer, what do you suppose that information means?

Johnny: Uh, uh, the room was smelly only when Uncle Bill was around.

Robot: Step seven...MAKE CONCLUSIONS

Teacher: So, does your data support your hypothesis?

Johnny: Oh, yeah. Uncle Bill can cut a really mean fart!

















Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 8

Appendix 2

QUESTION

RESEARCH

HYPOTHESIS

PROCEDURE/ METHOD

DATA

OBSERVATIONS/INFERENCES

CONCLUSION





Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 9

Appendix 2b

QUESTION

RECHERCHE

HYPOTHSE

PROCDURE

DONNES

OBSERVATIONS AND INFRENCES

CONCLUSION





Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 10

Appendix 3

http://www.google.ca/imgres?q=scientific+method+diagram&um=1&hl=en&client=firefox-a&sa=N&rls=org.mozilla:en-
GB:official&biw=1270&bih=709&tbm=isch&tbnid=IjzQJRGTgedjbM:&imgrefurl=http://merlincentral.com/troop18/hand
outs.htm&docid=iCjyuF6phKKhmM&imgurl=http://merlincentral.com/troop18/resources/Sci%252520method.gif&w=62
5&h=782&ei=bAu6TuuBC-
jdiALgvpzzBA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=1028&vpy=137&dur=283&hovh=251&hovw=201&tx=98&ty=106&sig=1183771315
54542866640&page=1&tbnh=167&tbnw=133&start=0&ndsp=18&ved=1t:429,r:5,s:0
Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 11


http://www.google.ca/imgres?q=scientific+variables+diagram&um=1&hl=en&client=firefox-a&rls=org.mozilla:en-
GB:official&biw=1280&bih=687&tbm=isch&tbnid=oj_0KHz0aqtBSM:&imgrefurl=http://scienceprojectideasforkids.com/
2011/slime-project-variables/&docid=gnaDHg3AexF2uM&imgurl=http://scienceprojectideasforkids.com/wp-
content/uploads/2011/09/variables_-controlled_independent_dependent-
300x176.jpg&w=300&h=176&ei=8Mm6TpnVFI3-
iQLB2bynDA&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=603&vpy=188&dur=48&hovh=140&hovw=240&tx=129&ty=81&sig=118377131554
542866640&page=1&tbnh=127&tbnw=217&start=0&ndsp=15&ved=1t:429,r:2,s:0

















Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 12

Appendix 3b





Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 13

Appendix 4

Example Mythbuster Project Score Sheet

1. Project complete and on time (0-10 pts) __________
2. Poster is neat and well organized (0-10 pts) __________
3. Myth well explained (0-10 pts) __________
4. Experiment well defined (0-10 pts) __________
5. Experiments carefully completed (0-10 pts) __________
6. Data collected and documented (0-10 pts) __________
7. Controls explained and appropriate (0-10 pts) __________
8. Data analysis fits actual data (0-10 pts) __________
9. Conclusion is clear and appropriate (0-10 pts) __________
10. Presentation of project (0-10 pts) __________
Total Points __________

Comments:
http://teachingphysics.wordpress.com/2008/05/31/mythbusters-the-scientific-method/









Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 14

Appendix 5
Name(s): _________________________________
Topic: _________________________________
Checklist for Mythbusters Project
*Check in with Mrs. Kendall after you have completed each section
QUESTION
Brainstorm questions that could lead to a good project
Choose a question that you could research
TEACHER INITIALS ______________

RESEARCH
Find 5 sources
Make point form notes on each source as you research
Ensure you reference each source (List the website name and address, list the book
name and author, etc.)
Write out a one paragraph summary of each source
TEACHER INITIALS ______________

HYPOTHESIS
Based on your research, create a hypothesis (and educated guess) which can be tested
TEACHER INITIALS ______________

PROCEDURE
Create a step by step list of your procedure
List all materials to be used (be descriptive)
List all of your variables (Manipulated/ Independent, Responding/Dependent, and
Controlled)
Construct a chart to enter your data into
Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 15

Refer to the experiment report for an example of how to set up your procedures
TEACHER INITIALS ______________

DATA
Complete your experiment exactly as you described in your procedures
Record all data in the chart created in your procedures
Ensure that all data collective is accurate, and if the data is not numbers, you must be
descriptive
TEACHER INITIALS ______________

OBSERVATIONS
Describe the data you collected in full sentences to create an observations paragraph
Note any other important observations you made
TEACHER INITIALS ______________

CONCLUSION (IN PARAGRAPH FORM)
Summarize your experiment
State your obtained data/observations and results
State whether your hypothesis was correct or not in a full sentence
Describe possible explanations for your findings
Note any recommendations to improve this study
TEACHER INITIALS ______________

PRESENTATION
Choose a method to present your mythbusters experiment (website, video, trifold,
poster, etc.)
Ensure you check the rubric to make sure you meet all of the criteria
TEACHER INITIALS ______________

Suggested timeline:
Question Completed Thursday Dec. 1
Research - Completed Tuesday Dec. 5
Hypothesis Completed Tuesday Dec. 5
Procedure Completed Wednesday Dec. 6
Data (and Experiment) Completed Monday Dec. 12
Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 16

Observations Completed Tuesday Dec. 13
Conclusion Completed Tuesday Dec. 13
Presentation* Completed Thursday 14

* You can be working on your presentation throughout the project and inserting the
components as you finish them.






















Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 17

Apprendix 5b
Nom(s): _________________________________
Topic: _________________________________
Liste pour le projet Mythbusters
*Montrer ton travaille a Mme. Kendall aprs chaque section
QUESTION
Brainstorm les questions qui peut mener un bon projet
Choisir une question que tu peux rechercher
INITIALS DE LENSEIGNANTE ______________

RESEARCHE
Trouve 5 sources
Faire les notes sous forme de point a propos de chaque source
Assurez-vous de rfrence pour chaque source (liste les noms de les sites web et les
adresses, liste le nom de lauteur et de le livre)
crivez un paragraphe propos de chaque source
INITIALS DE LENSEIGNANTE ______________

HYPOTHSE
Base sur ton recherche, cre une hypothse que tu peux tester
INITIALS DE LENSEIGNANTE ______________

PROCDURE
Cree une procdure, tape par tape
Liste tout les matriaux que tu vas utiliser
Liste toute les variables (Manipuler, rponde, et contrler)
Construire un tableau pour entrer tes donnes dedans
Regarder a le rapport de lexprience pour un exemple
Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 18

INITIALS DE LENSEIGNANTE ______________

DONNES
Complter ton exprience exactement comme tu las dcrit dans tes procdures
Enregistrer tous tes donnes dans le tableau construit dans tes procdures
Fait certain que tous tes donnes sont correctes et descriptive
INITIALS DE LENSEIGNANTE ______________

OBSERVATIONS
Dcrire quest que ta trouver en des phrases complte pour construire un paragraphe
dobservations
Note tous les autres observations importantes que ta trouves
INITIALS DE LENSEIGNANTE ______________

CONCLUSION (EN FORME DE PARAGRAPHE)
Rsumer ton exprience
Dcrire tes donnes, observations, et rsultats
Dcrire si ton hypothse tait correcte ou incorrecte dans une phrase complte
Dcrire les explications possibles for tes rsultats
Noter tout des futures recommandations pour amliorer cette exprience
INITIALS DE LENSEIGNANTE ______________

PRESENTATION
Choisir une mthode pour prsenter ton exprience mythbusters (site web, affiche,
vido, etc.)
Vrifier la rubrique pour faire certain que tu rpondre a tous les critres
INITIALS DE LENSEIGNANTE ______________

Calendrier suggrer:
Question Complete jeudi le 1 de dcembre
Recherche - Complete mardi le 5 de dcembre
Hypothse Complete mardi le 5 de dcembre
Procdure Complete mercredi le 6 de dcembre
Donnes (and Exprience) Complete lundi le 12 de dcembre
Observations Complete mardi le 13 de dcembre
Mrs. D.: SCIENTIFIC METHOD UNIT PLAN 19

Conclusion Complete mardi le 13 de dcembre
Prsentation* Complete jeudi le 14 de dcembre

* Tu peux travailler sur ton prsentation pendent le reste de le projet. Quand tu fini un parti
de le projet, tu peux le mettre dans ton prsentation.