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Chapter 11

biotic pollution Harmful ecological and economic effects from the presence of
accidentally or deliberately introduced species into ecosystems.

endangered species A wild species with so few individual survivors that the
species could soon become extinct in all or most of its natural range. Compare
threatened species.

flyway Generally fixed route along which waterfowl migrate from one area to
another at certain seasons of the year.

game species Type of wild animal that people hunt or fish for, for sport and
recreation and sometimes for food.

HIPPO Acronym for habitat destruction and fragmentation, invasive species,

population growth, pollution, and overharvesting.

instrumental value Value of an organism, species, ecosystem, or the earth's

biodiversity based on its usefulness to us. Compare intrinsic value.

minimum viable population (MVP) Estimate of the smallest number of

individuals necessary to ensure the survival of a population in a region for a
specified time period, typically ranging from decades to 100 years.

rare species A species that has naturally small numbers of individuals (often
because of limited geographic ranges or low population densities) or has been
locally depleted by human activities.

reconciliation ecology The science of inventing, establishing, and maintaining

new habitats to conserve species diversity in places where people live, work, or

threatened species Wild A wild species that is still abundant in its natural range
but is likely to become endangered because of a decline in numbers. Compare
endangered species.

utilitarian value See instrumental value.

wildlife All free, undomesticated species. Sometimes the term is used to describe
animals only.