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TA:ZaraTabi(ztabi@ucsi.edU) BICD Dr.

Schmidt
120:
0H:ByemailAppt.
AIM:ztabi06 Week
5

NowlKnowMvABC'sfofFlower Developmentl
BasicFlowerStructure:
- Theshootapical(vegetavive)
meristem undercertain
environmental itselfintoaninflorescence
cueswilltransform
meristem,which willgoontodevelop intothefloralmeristem.
. Cellsofthefloralmeristem
takeonparticular onkeygenes
fate,depending ) ABCModel

Flower
-Quick Vocab:
. Complete-
Hasall4whorls
. Incomplete- whorls
Missing
. PerfectHasbothmaleandfemale
structures
. lmperfect-
Hasonly1sex

ABCModel

Some Notes:
- TheseABCproteins meanttobindto DNAtocontrol
factors,
actastranscription ofothergenesin
transcription
flower
development!

- TheA andC regionareAntagonistic


.if oneismutated/inactivated itsdomain
theotheronewillbeabletoexpand

- TheC region determinancy


alsodictates
. Without togrow
andcontinues
isstillactive
it,floralmeristem

- AP3andPl(Genes ofthe"B"Region) protein


ofa heterodimer
aresubunits
. lf onegeneismutated, "8" isdefective,
thewhole region iftheotherisnormal
regardless

(except
- Mostgenesinvolved typegenes,
AP2)areMADS-box toproteins
whichtranslate thatfollowa certain
motif:
HowDoesa Plant
Photoperiodism- When
Know toFlower?
factor
- Themostimportant isdayandnightlength!
- Three
TypesofPlants:
. LongDay-Need lightperiod
LONGER toflower
length
thana critical
. Short
Day-NeedlightperiodSHORTED toflower
thana criticallength
. DayNeutral-
Flower notdependent
development ondaylength

thata pigment
-Discovered withreversible is responsible
activity offlowers,
fordevelopment aswellasseed
germination )
andstemelongation Phytochrome
. Actually present
a Pigment-Protein intheleaf) sends meristem
signalto tochangegrowth
. KeyWavelegnths
660nmand730nm

- ffr istheactive
form
' Dependingonthetypeofplant, functions:
Pfrcanhavedifferent
- Inshortdayplants
) Prevents
flowering
- Inlongdayplants
) InducesFlowering
. Helps whenseedisplanted
seedgermination
prevent toodeep
tutut i l . udt N fl tut tt l i l l tus - ou| | tu rl 9uvgI

ShortDayPlant Condition LongDayPlant

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