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# Design of Penstock

## Effective Head 125 mtrs Design Head 187.5 mtrs

Internal pressure 18.75 Kg/Cm^2
R,Radius of Penstock 275 cm t(cm) 3.05
C, Radius of external
surface of concrete 375 cm
Ec, modulus of
elasticity for concrete 250000 (For M25 Grade) Poission ratio 0.25 (Assumed)
Es modulus of
elasticity for steel 2200000 Poission ratio 0.3
Min UTS: 4850 Kg/Cm^2
Material Used ASTM 537 CL 1
Min Yield Stength: 3450 Kg/Cm^2
Allowable Stresss
In Normal Operating Conditions
a) Design Stress is 1/3 of UTS= 1616.7 Kg/Cm^2 Min.(This shall be used as Design stress)
Design Stress is 60% of = Y.S 2070.0 Kg/Cm^2
Hoop Stress in Penstock without rock Participation
Internal Pressure=? f X t/R 17.93 Kg/Cm^2 or Hoop stress 1690.57

## Hoop Stress in Penstock in unfissured concrete

Hoop stress(Fs) Ps.R/t
Constant, K1 3.33
Pressure shared by steel liner(Ps) 5.20 Kg/Cm^2

## Hoop stress in concrete at in the inner surface(Fc) 45.08 Kg/Cm^2

file:///opt/scribd/conversion/tmp/scratch2325/26090532.xls
file:///opt/scribd/conversion/tmp/scratch2325/26090532.xls
file:///opt/scribd/conversion/tmp/scratch2325/26090532.xls
Design of Penstock
ASTM 537 Values DesignStress Under Normal Note: Normal condition includes static head along with
A Desig.
Cl-1 (kgf/cm^2) (kgf/cm^2) condition pressure rise due to normal operation or head at
Min.UTS ƒu 4850 1616.67 1/3 of UTS transient max. surge, whichever is higher

## Yield Point ƒy 3450 2070 60 % of Y.P

Allowable
Stress
ƒall 1616.67
Poission
µ 0.30
Ratio
Modulus Of Es 2100000
Elasticity
Values DesignStress
Concrete Desig.
(kgf/cm^2) (kgf/cm^2)
Min.UTS ƒu 0 0.00
Yield Point ƒy 0 0
Allowable
Stress ƒall 0.00
Poission
Ratio
µ 0.20
Modulus Of
Ec 210000
Elasticity
Values in
B Geometry Desig.
(cm)
penstock
Rs 275
concrete Rc 375
Ext.
Radius of Rr 0
rock Ext.
C Hoop Stress in penstock without Rock Participation
Effective Increase in
Thickness TH. Total Head Pressure due Design
Reserviour Upto EL(mtrs). Pressure stress(ƒst) Factor(
(t) in cm (t- (mtrs) to hammer Head(mtrs)
Level EL (kgf/cm^2) (kgf/cm^2) >1)
corr.all.) (mtrs)
1.8 1.7 840.00 778.10 61.90 6.49 68.39 6.84 1106.4 1.5

## 2 1.9 840.00 727.5 112.50 12.17 124.67 12.47 1804.4 0.9

2.2 2.1 840.00 712.50 127.50 12.17 139.67 13.97 1829.0 0.9

3.2 3.1 840.00 696.00 144.00 20.64 164.64 16.46 1460.5 1.1

## Effective Pressure Hoop tensile Hoop tensile Longitudinal

Thickness Constant ƒstmax.<
Thickness Shared By steel stress in liner stress in Joint η stress due to
(t) in cm K1 (η X ƒall)
(t-corr.all.) liner (Ps) (ƒst) concrete (ƒct) Radial strain

## 4 3.9 3.33 5.84 411.8 35.35 0.85 1374.2 351.8

file:///opt/scribd/conversion/tmp/scratch2325/26090532.xls 12/06/2009
Design of Penstock
Under
ASTM 537 Values DesignStress
A Desig. Emergency
Cl-1 (kgf/cm^2) (kgf/cm^2) Note: This includes partial closure of gate in critical
condition
time of penstock (2L/a sec) at max. rate, and the
Min.UTS ƒu 4850 3233.33 2/3 of UTS cushioning stroke being inoperative in one unit.

## Yield Point ƒy 3450 3105 90 % of Y.P

Allowable
Stress
ƒall 3233.33 Critical Time 289.82 seconds
Pressurewave
Poission µ 0.30 velocity(a) m/s
1.425/1+(d/100t) 1.4237
Ratio
Modulus Of Es 2100000
Elasticity
Values DesignStress
Concrete Desig.
(kgf/cm^2) (kgf/cm^2)
Min.UTS ƒu 0 0.00
Yield Point ƒy 0 0
Allowable
Stress ƒall 0.00
Poission
Ratio
µ 0.20
Modulus Of
Elasticity
Ec 210000

Values in
B Geometry Desig.
(cm)
penstock
Rs 275
concrete Rc 375
Ext.
Radius of Rr 0
rock Ext.
C Hoop Stress in penstock without Rock Participation
Effective Increase in
Thickness TH. Total Head Pressure due Design
Reserviour Upto EL(mtrs). Pressure stress(ƒst) Factor(
(t) in cm (t- (mtrs) to hammer Head(mtrs)
Level EL (kgf/cm^2) (kgf/cm^2) >1)
corr.all.) (mtrs)
1.8 1.7 840.00 778.10 61.90 6.49 68.39 6.84 1106.4 2.8

## 2 1.9 840.00 727.5 112.50 12.17 124.67 12.47 1804.4 1.7

2.2 2.1 840.00 712.50 127.50 12.17 139.67 13.97 1829.0 1.7

3.2 3.1 840.00 696.00 144.00 20.64 164.64 16.46 1460.5 2.1

## Effective Pressure Hoop tensile Hoop tensile Longitudinal

Thickness Constant ƒstmax.<
Thickness Shared By steel stress in liner stress in Joint η stress due to
(t) in cm K1 (η X ƒall)
(t-corr.all.) liner (Ps) (ƒst) concrete (ƒct) Radial strain

## 4 3.9 3.33 5.84 411.8 35.35 0.85 2748.3 351.8

file:///opt/scribd/conversion/tmp/scratch2325/26090532.xls
Design of Bracket for Jack (Eccentric Loading)
ASTM 537 Values Design
A Desig.
Cl-1 (kgf/cm^2) Stress(kgf/cm^2)
Min.UTS ƒu 4850 1616.67
Maximum
Yield Point ƒy 3450 2277 Stress in
Bending

Allowable
Stress
ƒall 1616.67

Modulus Of
Elasticity
Es 2100000

## Design for Bracket (Material)

Section Bending
Height(h) Width(b) Load Applied Max. Bending Safety
(L)cm Modulus(Z) Stress(ƒb)
cm cm (Kgf) Moment(M) Kgf-cm Factor(>1)
cm^3 Kgf-cm

## ISMB 200 10 8 50000 400000 223.50 1789.71 0.922 fall in bending

for Rolled 1650 kgf/cm^2
B Electrode, E-7018-1, SFA 5.1 Beams:

Values Design
E-7018-1 Desig.
(kgf/cm^2) Stress(kgf/cm^2)
Min.UTS ƒu 4926.6 1642.20

## Yield Point ƒy 4069.8 2686.07 66% of Y.P

30% of Nominal
Shear Stress ƒs 1477.98 UTS

## Poissio Ratio µ 0.30

Modulus Of
Elasticity
Es
Design for fillet Weld

## Area of Bending Max.normal Max.shear

Size of weld Length of Load Applied Section Modulus(Z) Max.bending Shear Stress Factor of
weld (a) Stress(ƒb) stress(ƒt) stress(ƒs)
(s) cm weld (l) cm (Kgf) cm^3(sxl^2/4.242) Moment(M) kgf/cm^2 safety(>1)
cm^2, X 2 kgf/cm^2 kgf/cm^2 kgf/cm^2

## 3 15 63.63 50000 159.12 400000 785.79 2513.8 2739.20 1482.31

2 15 42.42 50000 106.08 850000 1178.69 8012.7 8182.46 4176.12
1 70 49.49 50000 1155.12 400000 1010.31 346.3 1198.18 1025.03 ISMB 200

file:///opt/scribd/conversion/tmp/scratch2325/26090532.xls