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A. -3 + (-11) B. 3 + (-7)
C. -10 + 15 D. -8.3 + (-1.9)

Subtract
F. 2 8 G. -11 5
H. 1 0.06 I. Subtract 7 from 4

Section 1: Adding and Subtracting Real
Numbers
11 + 2 7

-5 4 + 2

Simplify the following expressions
The product of two numbers with the same sign is
positive
The product of two numbers with different signs is
negative.
Examples:
(-8)(-1) =
3(-3) =
(7)(1)(-2)(-3) =
Section 2: Multiplying two real
numbers
The quotient of two numbers with the same sign is
positive.
The quotient of two numbers with different signs is
negative.
Examples:
A. B. - 9 - 3

C. D. - 40 10
Dividing two real numbers
20
4
1 2
10 5

4
3
= 4 x 4 x 4 = 64

Section 3: Exponents
base
exponent
4 is a factor 3 times
Examples:

A. 3
2
B.
4
1
2
1 1 1 1 1
2 2 2 2 16
| |
|
\ .
| || || || | | |
=
| | | | |
\ .\ .\ .\ . \ .
Warning: Be very careful when simplifying expressions
such as -5
2
and (-5)
2

-5
2
= - (5 x 5) = - 25 and
(-5)
2
= (-5)(-5) = 25

Exponents
The opposite of squaring a number is taking the square
root of a number.
The negative square root of 16 is written

The square root of a negative number, such as
is not a real number. There is no real number, that when
squared gives a negative number.
Square Roots
16
16

Examples
1
9 36 36
4

Section 4: Find the roots
5 3 4
27 1 16
1. Raise to powers or take roots in order from left to right.
2. Multiply or divide in order from left to right.
3. Add or subtract in order from left to right.

Do example 9 C on page 24
Section 5: Order of Operations
When grouping symbols occur within grouping symbols,
remember to perform operations on the innermost set
first.
Example:
Grouping Symbols
3 (4 6) 2(5 9) +
(

Evaluate when x =2, y = -1, and z = -3
a. z-y
b. z
2
c.

Section 6: Evaluating algebraic
expressions
2x y
z
+
Changing Fahrenheit to Celsius
5( 32)
9
x
Complete chart at bottom of page 25
pg. 28 #43-52, 63-66, 73-78
Assignment