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# Objective Solve linear equations using

properties of equality.
-Solve linear equations that can be
simplified by combining like terms.
-Solve linear equations involving fractions

Linear Equations in one variable
A linear equation in one variable is an equation that
can be written in the form ax + b = c
Where a, b, and c are real numbers and a 0
The Addition and Multiplication Properties of
Equality
If a, b, and c, are real numbers, then
a=b and a+c = b c are equivalent equations
Also a =b and ac = bc are equivalent equations as
long as c 0
=
=
2 x + 5 = 9
2x + 5 -5 = 9 -5
2x = 4
2x = 4
2 2
x = 2
Subtract 5 from both sides
Simplify
Divide both sides by 2
Simplify
To see that 2 is the solution, replace x in the
original equation with 2.
2 x + 5 = 9
2 (2) + 5 = 9
4 + 5 = 9
9 = 9
3 x + 6 = 12
3x + 6 6 = 12 6
3x = 6
3x = 6
3 3
x = 2

0.6 = 2 3.5c
0.6 = 2 3.5 (0.4)
0.6 = 2 1.4
0.6 = 0.6
4.5 = 3 + 2.5 x
4.5 3 = 3 + 2.5 x 3
1.5 = 2.5 x
1.5 = 2.5 x
2.5 2.5
0.6 = x
-6 x 1 + 5x = 3
-6x 1 + 5x = 3
-x 1 = 3
-x 1 + 1 = 3 + 1
-x = 4
-1 -1
x = -4
-2x + 2 4x = 20
-2x + 2 4x = 20
-6x + 2 = 20
-6x + 2 2 = 20 2
-6x = 18
-6 -6
x = -3

2 (x 3) = 5 x 9
2(x 3) = 5 x 9
2x 6 = 5 x 9
2x 6 5x = 5x 9 5x
-3 x 6 = - 9
-3 x 6 + 6 = - 9 + 6
-3x = -3
-3 -3
x = 1
4 (x 2) = 6x 10
4x 8 = 6x 10
2 = 2 x
1 = x
1
3 4 6
y y
=
1
3 4 6
12 12
y y
| | | |
=
| |
\ . \ .
12 12 2
3 4
y y
| |
| |
=
|
|
\ .
\ .
4 3 2 y y =
2 y =
1
6 8 8
x x
=
1
6 8
24 24 24
8
x x
| | | | | |
=
| | |
\ . \ . \ .
4 3 3 x x =
3 x =
5 3
1
2
2 2 8
x x
x
+
+ =
5 3
1
2
2 2 8
8 8
x x
x
+
| | | |
+ =
| |
\ . \ .
( )
3
8 8 8 8
5 1
2
2 2 8
x x
x
+ | | | | | |
+ =
| | |
\ . \ . \ .
( ) ( )
4 5 4 16 3 x x x + + =
4 20 4 16 3 x x x + + = +
4 24 15 3 x x + = +
11 24 3 x + =
11 21 x =
21
11
x =
1 2 3
2
3 3 9
x x
x
+
+ =
0.3x + 0.1 = 0.27 x 0.02
100(0.3x +0.1) = 100 (0.27x 0.02)
100(0.3x) + 100 (0.1) = 100(0.27x) 100(0.02)
30 x + 10 = 27 x 2
30 x 27 x = -2 10
3 x = -12
3x = -12
3 3
x = - 4
0.2x +0.1 = 0.12x 0.06
100 (0.2 x + 0.1) = 100 (0.12 x 0.06)
20 x + 10 = 12 x 6
20 x 12 x = -6 10
8 x = -16
x = -2
3x + 5 = 3(x+2)
3 x + 5 = 3 (x + 2)
3 x + 5 = 3x + 6
3 x + 5 3 x = 3 x + 6 3 x
5 = 6
This is a false statementThe original equation has
no solution. Its solution set is written either by { }
or O. This equation is a contradiction.

5 x 1 = 5(x+3)
5 x 1 = 5 x + 15
-1 = 15
{ }

6 x 4 = 2 + 6 (x 1)
6x 4 = 2 + 6x 6
6 x 4 = 6 x 4
{x/ x is a real number}
6 x 4 + 4 6x 4 + 4
6 x = 6 x
6x 6x = 6 x 6x
0 = 0
This equation is called an identity!
-4(x 1) = -4x 9 +13
-4x + 4 = -4x + 4
{x / x is a real number}
Step 1: Clear the equation of fractions by
multiplying both sides of the equation by the LCD
Step 2: Use distributive property to remove
grouping symbols such as parentheses.
Step 3: Combine like terms.
Step 4: Isolate the variable by adding, subtracting,
multiplying, dividing (equality properties)
Step 5: Check the solution in the original equation.