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# Decide whether the following sets of expressions are equal or

not equal, and then explain your reasoning behind each choice.
A. r and 2r
Explain:
B. 2 (l+w) and 2l + w
Explain:
C. lwh and hwl
Explain:

A. r and 2r
B. 2 (l+w) and 2l + w
C. lwh and hwl
1. Can you give non-algebraic (numerical) examples to back up your
reasoning of the algebraic equality or inequality?
2. Can you find the mistake made with the inequalities?

1. What is a formula?
2. Does rewriting a formula change the equality of the expression?
3. How can a formula be rearranged to solve for a certain variable?
4. What are the rules for re-arranging a formula?
5. Why might you rearrange a formula to solve for a certain
variable?

Objective: I will be able to solve a
formula for a specified variable.
I will be able to apply formulas to solve
problems.
RELEVANCE???
Rearrange to make them more useful under different circumstances
especially if we need to use a formula repeatedly to find a variable other than
the one it was originally written for.
We rearrange formulas the same way we solve equations, using tools
like the Distributive Property, Inverse Operations, multiplying by a
common denominator, and the Properties of Equality to move terms
around.
Sometimes you have a formula and you
need to solve for some variable other than
the "standard" one.
Example: Perimeter of a square
P=4s
It may be that you need to solve this
equation for s, so you can plug in a
perimeter and figure out the side length.
Solving a formula for a specified variable may
just be another way of saying "taking an
equation with lots of variables, and solving for
one variable in particular.

To solve, you do what
you've done all along to solve equations,
except that, due to all the variables, you
won't necessarily be able to simplify your
answers as much as you're used to doing.
Heres how it works:

Suppose you wanted to take the formula for
the perimeter of a square and solve it for s
(or the side length) instead of using it to
solve for perimeter.

P=4s
How can you get the s on a side by itself?

P=4s
Just as when you were solving linear
equations, you want to isolate the variable.
So, what do you have to do to get rid of the
4?

Thats right, you have to divide by 4. You
also have to remember to divide both sides
by 4.

Lets look at another example:

2Q-c = d

Multiply both sides by 2.
Subtract c from each side.
As you can see, we sometimes must do
more that one step in order to isolate the
targeted variable.

You just need to follow the same steps that
you would use to solve any other Multi-Step
Equation.
To solve V = lwh, isolate h on one side of the
equation.
V = lwh

l
lw w
V wh
l
=
V
h
lw
=
Solve V lwh; for w
V = lwh

( )
1
2
A B b h = +
( )
1
2
2
2 A B b h - = - +
2 ( ) A B b h = +
2A b h h = + B
2A Bh bh =
2A Bh
bh
h h

=
2A Bh
b
h

=
( )
1
2
A B b h for B = +
Step 1: Clear the equation of fractions by multiplying each
side of the equation by the least common denominator.
Step 2: Use the distributive property to remove grouping
symbols such as parentheses.
Step 3: Combine like terms on each side of the equation.
Step 4: Use the addition property of equality to rewrite the
equation as an equivalent equation with terms containing
the specified variable on one side and all other terms on the
other side.
Step 5: Use the distributive property and the multiplication
property of equality to isolate the specified variable.
I = PRT
Interest = principal x rate x time
A = lw
Area = length x width
d = rt
Distance = rate x time
C = 2r
Circumference = 2 x x radius
V = lwh
Volume = length x width x height
3 y 2x = 7
3y 2x + 2x = 7 + 2x
3y = 7 +2x
2 7
3
x
y
+
=
Solve 2 y + 5 x = 10 for y

Karen just received an inheritance of
\$10,000 and plans to place all the
money in a savings account that pays
5% compounded quarterly to help
her son go to college in 3 years. How
much money will be in the account in
3 years?

A = Amount in the account after t years
P = principal or amount invested
t = time in years
r = annual rate of interest
n = number of times compounded per year.
1
nt
r
A P
n
| |
= +
|
\ .
P = \$10,000
r = 5% = 0.05
t = 3 years
n = 4

1
nt
r
A P
n
| |
= +
|
\ .
4 3
0.05
10,000
4
1 A
-
| |
= +
|
\ .
4 3
0.05
10,000
4
1 A
-
| |
= +
|
\ .
11,607.55 A ~
( )
12
1.0 10,000 125 A=
(1.160 10,0 754 0 8) 0 51 A ~
If \$5,000 is invested in an account
paying 4% compounded monthly,
determine how much money will
be in the account in 2 years.
The fastest average speed by a cyclist
across the continental United States is
15.4mph, by Pete Penseyres. If he
traveled a total distance of about
3107.5 miles at this speed, find his
time cycling. Write the time in days,
hours, and minutes.
Appropriate formula: d = rt
d = distance traveled
r = rate
t = time
d = 3107.5 miles
r = 15.4 mph

Need to find time

d = rt
3107.5 = 15.4t

t ~ 201.79
If a distance of 567 miles at a
speed of 52.5 mph, find the
time.