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2.

2 The Atom and The


Periodic Table
Unit 2 The Atom
SCIENCE JOKE OF THE
DAY
Catal!t

Answer the following


questions in your
notebook.
1. What is the main
diference between a
homogeneous and
heterogeneous
mixture
2. !ow many oxygens are
in the com"ound
#g$%
&

&. !ow many oxygens are


in the com"ound
'e
2
($%
&
)
&

To"ic o# the Da$ 2.2 The


Atom and the Periodic
Table
%ocab&lar$ The Periodic
Table' Atom' Atomic
(a!!' S&batomic
Particle' Proton'
Electron' Ne&tron'
N&cle&!' Atomic N&mber'
A)era*e' I!oto"e
Date$ +,-. /01 or +,-2 /A1
3&ic4 5e)ie6
*n your notebook under your $ATA+,-T
questions. draw each box and identify
each as either mixture. com"ound or
element/
E7E(ENT8 CO(PO9ND
8
E7E(ENT8 (I:T95E8
9nit 2$ The Periodic Table
Sched&le

The atom is the smallest building block of matter.


Unit 2 is about (1) how models of the atom ha0e
changed o0er time and (2) how atom reacti0ity and
si1e change in diferent en0ironments.
Da To"ic
1 2.1 2lements. $om"ounds. #ixtures
2 2.2 The Atom and Periodic Table
& 2.& Atomic #odels
3 2.3 4ohr #odels
5 6e0iew
7 Test
O0JECTI%ES

* can identify the diferent "arts of an atom

* can describe the location and charge of


subatomic "articles

* can determine the number of "rotons. electrons.


and neutrons for a gi0en element

* can identify the atomic number

* can identify the atomic mass

* can determine what will ha""en if the number of


"rotons. neutrons or electrons change

To"ic of the 8ay/ 2.2 The Atom and Periodic


Table
In)e!ti*ation 2.2
8% 9%T 2AT T!2 #:#;s U9*T+ AFTE5 T!2
*9<2-T*=AT*%9
Answer the following questions under your
$ATA+,-T answers/
1. What do all "eanut #:#;s ha0e in
common
2. 8o you think all "eanut #:#;s ha0e the
same mass Why or why not
&. What tool(s) do you need to determine if
all #:#;s ha0e the same mass
In)e!ti*ation 2.2
8% 9%T 2AT T!2 #:#;s U9*T+ AFTE5 T!2
*9<2-T*=AT*%9
1. #ass each of your #:#;s and "ut in a data
table.
2. %nce you ha0e the mass of all 5. calculate
the a0erage mass.
Answer the following questions/
3. Was your "rediction correct
5. What do you think accounts for the
diferences in the masses of the #:#s
(;( (a!!
1
2
&
3
5
A0erage
To"ic of the 8ay/
2.2 The Atom and
The Periodic Table
Essential Questions/ What
is an atom com"osed of !ow
do * use the "eriodic table
A. <hat i! the !malle!t
b&ildin* bloc4 o# matter=
1. AT%#-
0. <hat are the > !&batomic
"article!=
S&batomic
Particle
Char*
e
(a!! 7ocation in an
Atom
>roton ?1 1
a.m.u.
9ucleus
9eutrons @ 1
a.m.u
9ucleus
2lectrons A1 @
a.m.u.
2lectron $loud
C. Ho6 do I determine the n&mber o#
"roton!' ne&tron!' and electron! in a
ne&tral atom=
-. In a ne&tral atom' there i! no char*e?
a. @ o# Proton! A Atomic @
b. @ o# Electron! A Atomic @
c. @ o# Ne&tron! A A)era*e Atomic (a!! B Atomic @
E:A(P7E
1. B of "rotons
C
2. B of
electrons C
&. B of
neutrons C
2
2
12 D 7 C 2
3&ic4 Practice /. min!.1

'ind the number of "rotons. electrons and


neutrons for the following elements/
Eleme
nt
Proton
!
Electro
n!
Ne&tro
n!
+i
9a
Al
%
3&ic4 Practice
'ind the number of "rotons. electrons
and neutrons for the following elements/
Eleme
nt
Proton
!
Electro
n!
Ne&tro
n!
+i & & 3
9a
Al
%
3&ic4 Practice
'ind the number of "rotons. electrons
and neutrons for the following elements/
Eleme
nt
Proton
!
Electro
n!
Ne&tro
n!
+i & & 3
9a 11 11 12
Al
%
3&ic4 Practice
'ind the number of "rotons. electrons
and neutrons for the following elements/
Eleme
nt
Proton
!
Electro
n!
Ne&tro
n!
+i & & 3
9a 11 11 12
Al 1& 1& 13
%
3&ic4 Practice
'ind the number of "rotons. electrons
and neutrons for the following elements/
Eleme
nt
Proton
!
Electro
n!
Ne&tro
n!
+i & & 3
9a 11 11 12
Al 1& 1& 13
% E E E
D. <hat ha""en! i# the n&mber o#
!&batomic "article! chan*e!=
1. 9umber of "rotons changes C diferent element
2. 9umber of neutrons changes C diferent atomic
mass
A $A++28 A9 *-%T%>2
Ho6 are i!oto"e! !imilar to the (;(C! o&
ma!!ed=
&. 9umber of electrons changes C diferent charge
A $A++28 A9 *%9
E. <hat are the diDerent 6a! 6e
can re"re!ent an atom and it!
!&batomic "article!=
1. Isotope
C 12
7
$ C
12
$ C $A12 C
$arbonA12
2. Ion C $
A3
or $
?3
*m"ortant note/ The average atomic
mass is ALWAYS the bigger number
Sna"" Practice
8etermine the B of >.2.9. in each of
the following/

12
$ B> C FFF B2 C FFF B9 C
FFF

1&
$ B> C FFF B2 C FFF B9 C
FFF
8etermine the B of >.2.9. in each of
the following/

12
$ B> C 7 B2 C 7 B9
C 7

1&
$ B> C FFF B2 C FFF B9 C
FFF
Sna"" Practice @-
8etermine the B of >.2.9. in each of
the following/

12
$ B> C 7 B2 C 7 B9
C 7

1&
$ B> C 7 B2 C 7 B9
C G
Sna"" Practice @-
Sna"" Practice @2
8etermine the B of >.2.9. in each of
the following/
$
A3
B> C FFF B2 C FFF B9 C
FFF
$
?3
B> C FFF B2 C FFF B9 C
FFF
Sna"" Practice @2
8etermine the B of >.2.9. in each of
the following/
$
A3
B> C F7FF B2 C F1@FF
B9 C F7FF
$
?3
B> C FFF B2 C FFF B9 C
FFF
Sna"" Practice @2
8etermine the B of >.2.9. in each of
the following/
$
A3
B> C F7FF B2 C F1@FF
B9 C F7FF
$
?3
B> C F7FF B2 C F2FF B9
C F7FF
Inde"endent Practice

$om"lete the "roblems on your worksheet %9


,%U6 %W9 for the Hrst 1@ minutesI

'or the second 1@ minutes you may talk to your


"artners to hel" you through your workI

*f you ha0e a questionJ


1. +ook at your beautiful notes
2. Ask a "eer for a clarifcation or explanation (you
won;t learn if you Kust co"y answersI)
&. 6aise your hand and *;ll come byI (4ut only if you;0e
done 1 and 2 HrstI )

<hen o& Eni!h o&r "ractice "ac4et'


com"lete the )ocab&lar 6ord! #or toda8
YO9 (AY 9SE YO95 PHONE AND FO ON
39IG7ET TO P5ACTICE88
In S&mmar?
Things to address in your summary/
1. -ubatomic "articles
2. !ow to determine the number of
subatomic "articles gi0en an
element
&. What an isoto"e is
EHit Tic4et
%nce your exit sli" is graded. write
your mastery score on your exit sli".
AL 1M5 C 2@N
AL 2M5 C 3@N
AL &M5 C 7@N
AL 3M5 C E@N
AL 5M5 C 1@@N