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OUTLINES

NUMBER TITLE
1) INTRODUCTION
2) SPECIFICATION
3) ADVANTAGES
4) DISADVANTAGES
5) CONCLUSION
INTRODUCTION
CONCRETE
COMPOSITE CONSTRUCTION MATERIAL
CEMENT, AGGREGATE, WATER AND CHEMICAL MIXTURES
BINDING AGENT WHICH ARE EMBEDDED PARTICLES OR FRAGMENTS
AGGREGATE
LATIN WORD "CONCRETUS" (MEANING COMPACT OR CONDENSED)
ROMAN 300BC TO 476AD
KIMMU TRADING SDN.BHD
MANUFACTURER
A READY-MIX CONCRETE PLANT CONSISTS OF SILOS THAT CONTAIN CEMENT, SAND, GRAVEL AND
STORAGE
ADDITIVES SUCH AS PLASTICIZERS, AS WELL AS A MIXER TO BLEND THE COMPONENTS OF CONCRETE.
WATER DOSAGE IN PARTICULAR MUST BE VERY PRECISE AND THE MIXING ITSELF MUST REMAIN
CONTINUOUS AND CONSISTENT
CONCRETE PREPARED IN A BATCH PLANT IS LOADED INTO A MIXER TRUCK, ALSO KNOWN AS A TRANSIT
MIXER, WHICH DELIVERS IT TO THE CONSTRUCTION SITE.
REINFORCED CONCRETE
COMBINATION OF DIFFERENT PROPERTIES OF CONCRETE AND STEEL
COMBINE TO PRODUCE STRENGTH TO RESIST COMPRESSION AND TENSION FORCES
EXAMPLES:- BRIDGE, RETAINING WALL AND ETC.

LIGHWEIGHT CONCRETE
PREPARE EITHER BY INJECTING AIR IN ITS COMPOSITION
MADE BY USING LIGHTWEIGHT AGGREGATE
CAN BE USED WITH STEEL REINFORCEMENT AS TO HAVE GOOD BOND BETWEEN STEEL AND CONCRETE
LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE SPECIFICATION REINFORCED CONCRETE
RM 120 PRICE RM 240
20/15
GRADE
35
50 MM
LAYER THICKNESS
350 MM (FOLLOW DRAWING)
MEDIUM
STRENGTH
HIGH
LIGHT AGGREGATE, FORMING
AGENT(ALUMINIUM POWDER),
LIGHTWEIGHT
AGGREGATE(VOLCANIC, CINDERS,
ETC)


MATERIALS
STEEL, HOT ROLLED MILD STEEL,
HOT ROLLED HIGH YIELD STEEL,
COLD WORKED HIGH YIELD STEEL,
NORMAL CEMENT MIXTURE

ADVANTAGES
LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE REINFORCED CONCRETE
Higher Seismic (Earthquake)
Resistance
HIGH COMPRESSIVE STRENGTH
RAPID AND RELATIVELY SIMPLE CONSTRUCTION BETTER RESISTANCE TO FIRE
ECONOMICAL IN TRANSPORTATION LONG SERVICE LIFE WITH LOW MAINTENANCE COST
LOW USAGE OF MANPOWER CAN BE CAST TO TAKE THE SHAPE REQUIRED
SIGNIFICANT REDUCTION OF OVERALL WEIGHT ECONOMICAL STRUCTURAL MATERIAL ON CERTAIN
STURCTURES
BETTER NAILING AND SAWING PROPERTIES MINIMUM APPARENT DEFLECTION
DISADVANTAGES
LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE REINFORCED CONCRETE
VERY SENSITIVE WITH WATER CONTENT IN
MIXTURE
NEED MIXING, CASTING AND CURING WHICH AFFECT
THE FINAL STRENGTH
DIFICULT TO PLACE AND FINISH COST OF FORM USED HIGH
SOME MIXES IN CEMENT MORTAR MAY SEPARATE
THE AGGREGATE AND FLOAT TO SPACE
HIGH COST OF MAKING
MIXING IS LONGER
CONCLUSION
LIGHTWEIGHT AND REINFORCED CONCRETE ARE BOTH HAVE THE ADVANTAGES AND THE
DISADVANTAGES ITSELF.
ITS DEPEND ON THE SITUATION WHICH ARE REQUIRED THE MOST SUITABLE TYPE OF
CONCRETE TO BUILD A STRUCTURE. BUT IN ORDER TO CREATE THE MOST PERFECT
STRUCTURE WAS TO COMBINED THIS TWO TYPE OF CONCRETE CORRECTLY.
THE MOST SUITABLE TO USE WAS LIGHTWEIGHT CONCRETE