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Scilab Textbook Companion for Heat Transfer: Principles And Applications by B. K. Dutta 1

Created by Ankit Garg B.TECH Chemical Engineering DCRUST,MURTHAL College Teacher Sunanda Cross-Checked by Mukul R. Kulkarni

November 19, 2013

1 Funded by a grant from the National Mission on Education through ICT, http://spoken-tutorial.org/NMEICT-Intro. This Textbook Companion and Scilab codes written in it can be downloaded from the ”Textbook Companion Project” section at the website http://scilab.in

Book Description

Title: Heat Transfer: Principles And Applications Author: B. K. Dutta Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi Edition: 1 Year: 2006 ISBN: 8120316258

1

Scilab numbering policy used in this document and the relation to the above book.

Exa Example (Solved example)

Eqn Equation (Particular equation of the above book)

AP Appendix to Example(Scilab Code that is an Appednix to a particular Example of the above book)

For example, Exa 3.51 means solved example 3.51 of this book. Sec 2.3 means a scilab code whose theory is explained in Section 2.3 of the book.

2

Contents

List of Scilab Codes

4

2 Steady State conduction In one dimension

7

3 Heat transfer coefficient

19

4 Forced Convection

38

5 free convection

55

6 Boiling and condensation

64

7 radiation heat transfer

77

8 Heat Exchanger

95

9 Evaporetion and Evaporators

108

10 UNSTEADY STATE AND MULTIDIMENSIONAL HEAT CONDUCTION

123

11 Boundary layer heat transfer

127

3

List of Scilab Codes

Exa 2.1

Exa 2.2

STEADY STATE RATE OF HEAT GAIN

Rate of heat loss

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Exa 2.3

. fraction of resistance

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10

Exa 2.4

Calculate Temprature

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Exa 2.5

calculate refrigeration requirement

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12

Exa 2.6

calculate temp gradient

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Exa 2.7

surface emp and maximun temp

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Exa 2.8

Exa 2.9

Exa 3.1

percentage of total heat temprature distribution CALCULATE TIME REQUIRED

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Exa 3.2

TIME FOR HEATING COIL

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Exa 3.3

Steady State temprature distribution

 

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Exa 3.4

THICKNESS OF INSULATION

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Exa 3.5

8 percent SOLUTION OF ALCOHOL

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Exa 3.6

Insulated flat headed

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25

Exa 3.7

rate of heat transfer

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Exa 3.8

A 10 gauge electrical copper

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Exa 3.9

Heat generating slab A

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Exa 3.10

percentage increase in rate

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Exa 3.11

Pre stresed multilayered shell

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Exa 3.12

critical insulation thickness

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Exa 3.13

critical insulation thickness

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Exa 3.14

optimum thickness

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Exa 4.2

Air flow over a flat plate .

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Exa 4.3

temprature of wire

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39

Exa 4.4

Calculate Required time

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41

Exa 4.5

Exa 4.6

. Overall heat transfer coefficient

average time

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4

Exa 4.7

inlet and outlet temprature

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Exa 4.8

drop in temprature

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45

Exa 4.9

find the temprature

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46

Exa 4.10

length of heat exchanger

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Exa 4.11

rate of heat transfer

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Exa 4.12

aniline is a tonnage oc .

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52

Exa 5.1

Rate of heat loss

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Exa 5.2

Exa 5.3

steady state temprature CALCULATE TIME REQUIRED

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57

Exa 5.4

Rate of heat loss

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58

Exa 5.5

thickness of insulation

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Exa 5.6

rate of heat gain

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Exa 5.7

Exa 6.1

Rate of heat loss

Consider nucleate pool

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62

64

Exa 6.2

rate of boiling of water

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Exa 6.3

formaldehyde is one of

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Exa 6.4

Exa 6.5

A mixture of benzene

Saturated vapour pressure

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Exa 6.6

Trichloro ethylene

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73

Exa 6.7

Saturated vapour

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75

Exa 7.3

Exa 7.4

the sun may be considered

wavelength

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79

Exa 7.5

spectral emissivity

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79

Exa 7.6

fraction of radiation

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80

Exa 7.8

relevant view factor

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81

Exa 7.9

Exa 7.10

determine the view factors

view factors

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82

83

Exa 7.12

a carbon steel sphere

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84

Exa 7.13

Exa 7.14

A schedule pipe

. view factors and rate of loss

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84

85

Exa 7.15

Net rate of radient heat

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86

Exa 7.16

the base of rectangular

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88

Exa 7.17

two parallel disks

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Exa 7.18

rate of heat gain

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Exa 7.20

carbon dioxide gas

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Exa 7.21

hot flue gas

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Exa 8.1

Benzene from condenser

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95

Exa 8.2

design procedure

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98

5

Exa 8.3

The effectiveness

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103

Exa 8.4

Exa 9.1

Thermal design

single effect evaporator calculation

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105

108

Exa 9.2

Exa 9.3

SINGLE EFFECT EVAPORATOR CALCULATION

SINGLE EFFECT EVAPORATION

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109

111

Exa 9.4

. MULTIPLE EFFECT EVAPORATION

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112

Exa 9.5

MULTIPLE EFFECT EVAPORATION

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115

Exa 9.6

MULTIPLE EFFECT EVAPORATION

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116

Exa 9.7

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119

Exa 9.8

Exa 10.8

MULTIPLE EFFECT EVAPORATION Mechanical vapour compression

MUMERICAL CALCULATION OF UNSTEADY STATE

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121

Exa 10.9

. NUMERIC CALCULATION OF UNSTEADY STATE

HEAT CONDUCTION

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123

HEAT CONDUCTION

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124

Exa 11.1

water at 25 degree celcius

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127

Exa 11.2

air at 30 degree celcius

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129

Exa 11.3

Exa 11.4

. calculate the temprature

A thin metal plate

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130

131

Exa 11.5

Prandtl analogy

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132

6

Chapter 2

Steady State conduction In one dimension

Scilab code Exa 2.1 STEADY STATE RATE OF HEAT GAIN

1

// Example

2.1

 

2

// ( a ) c a l c u l a t e

the

steady

s t a t e

r a t e

of

heat

gain

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3

//

( b ) ,

th

etemp .

of

i n t e r f a c e s

of

wall .

4

// ( c ) the

percentage

 

of

t o t a l

heat

composite t r a n s f e r

 
 

r e s i s t a n c e .

 

5

//

a d d i t i o n a l

t h i c k n e s s

of

cork .

6

// Given

 

7

A =1

//mˆ2 ,

area

 

8

//

f o r

inner

l a y e r

( cement )

9

ti =0.06

//m,

t h i c k n e s s

10

ki =0.72

//W/m

 

C ,

t h e rm al

c o n d u c t i v i t y

 

11

Ti = -15

//C ,

t em p r a t u r e

 

12

// f o r

mi d dl e

l a y e r

(

c o r k

)

13

tm =0.1

//m,

t h i c k n e s s

14

km

=0.043

//W/m C ,

t h e rm al

c o n d u c t i v i t y

 

15

// f o r

o u t e r

l a y e r ( b r i c k )

 

16

to =0.25

//m,

t h i c k n e s s

17

ko =0.7

//W/m

 

C ,

t h e rm al

c o n d u c t i v i t y

 

18

To =30

//C ,

t em p r a t u r e

 

7

19

20

//

C a l c u l a t i o n

 

21

// Thermal

r e s i s t a n c e

of

o u t e r

l a y e r

//C/W

 

22

Ro = to /( ko * A )

 

23

// Thermal

r e s i s t a n c e

of

mi d dl e

l

a y e r

 

//C/W

 

24

Rm = tm /( km * A )

 

25

// Thermal

r e s i s t a n c e

of

i n n e r

l a y e r

 

//C/W

 

26

Ri = ti /( ki * A )

 

27

Rt = Ro + Rm + Ri

28

tdf = To - Ti

 

// temp

d r i v i n g

f o r c e

 

29

// ( a )

 

30

Q = tdf / Rt

 

// r a t

e

 

31

printf (

t h e

r

a t e

of

of h e a t

h e a t g ai n

g ai n i s

%f W\n” ,Q )

 

32

33

//

( b )

 

34

//

from

f

i g .

2 . 4

 

35

td1

= Q * to

/( ko * A )

//C

temp .

d rop

a c r o s s

t h e

b r i c k

 
 

l

a y e r

36

T1 = To - td1

 

// i n t e r f a c e

temp .

be tween

b r i c k

 
 

and

cork

 

37

// s i m i l a r l y

38

td2

= Q * tm

/( km * A )

//C

temp

.

d rop

a c r o s s

t h e

c o r k

 
 

l

a y e r

39

T2 = T1 - td2

 

//C ,

i n t e r f a c e

temp

.

be tween

 
 

cement

and

cork

40

printf (

i n t e r f a c e

temp .

be tween

b r i c k

and

c o r k

i s

%f

 

C\n” , T1 )

41

printf (

i n t e r f a c e

temp .

be tween

cement

and

c o r k

i s

 

%f

C\n” , T2 )

 

42

43

44

// ( c )

 

45

Rpo = Ro / Rt b r i c k

l a y e r

 

// t h e rm al

r e s i s t a n c e

o f f e r e d

by

46

Rpm = Rm / Rt cork

l a y e r

 

// t h e rm al

r e s i s t a n c e

o f f e r e d

by

47

Rpi = Ri / Rt cement

l a y e r

//

t h e rm al

r e s i s t a n c e

o f f e r e d

by

 

8

48

printf ( ” t h e rm al

r e s i s t a n c e

o f f e r e d

by

b r i c k

l a y e r

i

s

 

%f

p e r c e n t \n” , Rpo *100)

 

49

printf ( ” t h e rm al

r e s i s t a n c e

o f f e r e d

by

c o r k

l a

y e r

i s

 

%f

p e r c e n t \n” , Rpm *100)

 

50

printf ( ” t h e rm al

r e s i s t a n c e

o f f e r e d

by

cement

l a y e r

 
 

i s

%f

p e r c e n t \n” , Rpi *100)

 

51

52

// s e c o n d

p a r t

 

53

54

x =30

Q1 = Q *(1 - x /100)

// p e r c e n t a g e

//W,

d e s i r e d

d e c r a

t e

i n

of

h e a t h e a t

t r a n s f e r

55

Rth = tdf / Q1

 

//C/W,

r e q u i r e d

t h e rm al

f l o w r e s i s t a n c e

56

Rad = Rth - Rt

//

a d d i t i o n a l

t h e rm al

r e s i s t a n c e

 

57

Tad = Rad * km * A

 

58

printf ( ” A d d i t i o n a l

t h i c k n e s s

of

c o r k

to

be

p r o vi d e d

 
 

=%f

cm” , Tad *100)

 
 

Scilab code Exa 2.2 Rate of heat loss

 

1

//Exm [ p l e

 

2 . 2

 

2

// Page

no

.

15

3

// Given

 

4

//

outer

t h i c k n e s s

of

brickwork

( to )

&

inner

 

t h i c k n e s s

(

t i )

5

to =0.15

 

//m

 

6

ti =0.012

//m

7

//

t h i c k n e s s

of

i n t e r m e d i a t e

l a y e r ( t i l )

 

8

til =0.07

 

//m

 

9

// thermal

c o n d u c t i v i t i e s

of

b r i c k

and

wood

10

kb =0.70

//W/m

c e l c i u s

 

11

kw =0.18

//W/m

c e l c i u s

12

// temp .

of

o u t s i d e

and

i n s i d e

w a l l

 

13

To = -15

 

//

c e l c i u s

 

14

Ti =21

//

c e l c i u s

15

//

a r e a

16

A =1

 

//mˆ2

 

9

17

// ( a ) s o l u t i o n

 

18

// Thermal l a y e r

r e s i s t a n c e

of

b r i c k

,

wood

and

i n s u l a t i n g

19

TRb

= to

/( kb * A )

 

//C/W

20

TRw

= ti

/( kw * A )

//C/W

21

TRi =2* TRb

 

//C/W

22

//

T o t al

t h e rm al

r e s i s t a n c e

 

23

TR = TRb + TRw + TRi

//C/W

24

//Temp .

d r i v i n g

f o r c e