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# Strength of Materials

Quick review
Babak Jamshidi
Stress and Strain
Stress:
Intensity of force per unit area.
Mathematically,
Elastically
A
P
A

=
0
lim
A
P
=
Strain:
A dimensionless quantity which relates
to deformation of a physical body under
the action of applied forces.
Elastically
and E =
L
L
=
: stress
P: Applied force
A: Area
: strain
E: Module of Elasticity
L: Initial Length
L: Deformed length
Bending Beam Theory
d ds =
dx
Beam Axis
Undeformed Deformed
d

Fundamental assumption: Plane sections through a beam taken normal to its axis
remain plane after the beam is subjected to bending.
) (
1
curvature
ds
d

= =
x
y
y E E
x x
= =
Bending Beam Theory

=
A
z
dA y E M
2

=
A
z
dA y I
2
From Equilibrium Equations
Second Moment of the Area
- For rectangle:
z
h
b
12
3
bh
I
z
=
y
I
M
z
z
x
=
I
Mc
=
max

therefore;
max
y c =
Beam Analysis Notes
To derive the deflection, internal forces the following information
should be provided:
1. Applied Forces and/or displacement
2. Boundary Conditions
3. Material Properties
left y
F

right y
F

right x
F
left x
F

right z
M

left z
M

General Free body
diagram of a beam
Forces drawn in a free body diagram should be in equilibrium.
Beam Analysis Notes
Beam deflection
y

= =
1
EI
M
=

1
EI
M
dx
y d
=
2
2
From Bending Beam Theory
Governing Equation
Typical Approach:
- Calculate the moment equation as a function of length (x)
- Plug in the governing equation M, E and I as a function of
length.
- Integrate twice
- Apply the boundary conditions
References
For further study the following references are recommended:
1. Egor P. Popov,Engineering Mechanics of Solids, Prentice Hall
2. Stephen Timoshenko, Theory of Elasticity, McGraw Hill
3. Any basic structural or mechanical analysis and design book