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Name: Abdulqadir Aziz Singapore Wala

Matric No.: 081795D15


AE 4613 Part I -Assignment Vibration modes of tapered wing
( )

( )+

( )+ ( )

Elements of the mass matrix,

( )

( )

( )

( )

where l=2m is the length of the wing, =2700kg/m3 is the density of the wing, A(y)=0.08[2-(y/l)2]m2
is the cross sectional area of the wing and mE=130kg is the mass of the engine.
Elements of the stiffness matrix,

where E=9x1010N/m2 is the Youngs Modulus and I(y)=0.00015*2-2(y/l)+(y/l)3]m4 is the second


moment of area.
Solving for the eigenvalue problem [K]-2[M], and varying the number of terms to achieve a
different degree of accuracy for the first 4 natural frequencies starting from n=4, the results shown
in the table below were obtained.
n
4
5
6
7

1st Freq
238.8997
238.8997
238.8985
238.8983

2nd Freq
1117.144
1117.139
1117.129
1117.121

3rd Freq
3026.759
2874.468
2874.362
2870.42

4th Freq % Change in 4th Freq


6439.728
0
6316.383
-1.91538
5837.262
-7.58536
5833.286
-0.06812

The following mode shapes were obtained from the dot product of the eigenvectors corresponding
to the natural frequencies with the basis functions.

1st Natural Frequency


z= (2503215815769551*y^5*(2*y - 6))/8646911284551352320 - (8729662741579057*y^2*(y/2 3))/864691128455135232 - (264686050376213*y^4*((3*y)/2 - 5))/4611686018427387904 +
(6056417665873157*y^7*(3*y - 8))/48422703193487572992 - (762524298296429*y^6*((5*y)/2 7))/3026418949592973312 - (677628023377901*y^8*((7*y)/2 - 9))/32281802128991715328 (4240124399172067*y^3*(y - 4))/6917529027641081856

0.1
0.08
0.06
0.04
0.02
0
-0.02
-0.04
-0.06
-0.08
-0.1

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

2nd Natural Frequency:


z=(7932870573822841*y^5*(2*y - 6))/1080863910568919040 - (2877157346702011*y^2*(y/2 3))/54043195528445952 + (169795835541267*y^4*((3*y)/2 - 5))/18014398509481984 +
(1112780057788715*y^7*(3*y - 8))/504403158265495552 - (3549399892870147*y^6*((5*y)/2 7))/472877960873902080 - (1193260869471683*y^8*((7*y)/2 - 9))/4539628424389459968 +
(1216357834509123*y^3*(y - 4))/72057594037927936

0.1
0.08
0.06
0.04
0.02
0
-0.02
-0.04
-0.06
-0.08
-0.1

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

3rd Natural Frequency:


z=(854939651993285*y^2*(y/2 - 3))/6755399441055744 - (5782729953080527*y^5*(2*y 6))/33776997205278720 + (5961738166394933*y^4*((3*y)/2 - 5))/135107988821114880 (6899143846958785*y^7*(3*y - 8))/94575592174780416 + (1400903076777821*y^6*((5*y)/2 7))/7388718138654720 + (1346682767890087*y^8*((7*y)/2 - 9))/141863388262170624 (6178069803669259*y^3*(y - 4))/54043195528445952

0.1
0.08
0.06
0.04
0.02
0
-0.02
-0.04
-0.06
-0.08
-0.1

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

4th Natural Frequency:


z=(2826177164637461*y^4*((3*y)/2 - 5))/2111062325329920 - (7914331903625819*y^5*(2*y 6))/4222124650659840 - (7053859995155291*y^2*(y/2 - 3))/27021597764222976 (5190469608192373*y^7*(3*y - 8))/23643898043695104 + (3685102674180197*a^6*((5*a)/2 7))/3694359069327360 + (8440885934354731*y^8*((7*y)/2 - 9))/567453553048682496 +
(43539954126709*y^3*(y - 4))/3377699720527872

0.1
0.08
0.06
0.04
0.02
0
-0.02
-0.04
-0.06
-0.08
-0.1

0.2

0.4

0.6

0.8

1.2

1.4

1.6

1.8

Matlab Code
clear all
%Declaration of constants
l=2;
E=9.*10^10;
ro=2700;
m_eng=130;
%Declaration of matrices
P=zeros(4,5);
%Filling matrices with values
for n=4:7;
K=zeros(n,n);
M=zeros(n,n);
for i=1:n;
for j=1:n;
syms a
M(i,j)=int(ro*0.08*(2-(a/l)^2)*((a/l)^(i+1))*(2+ii*(a/l))/(i*(i+1)*(i+2))*((a/l)^(j+1))*(2+jj*(a/l))/(j*(j+1)*(j+2)),a,0,l)+m_eng*((1/3/l)^(i+1))*(2+ii*(1/3/l))/(i*(i+1)*(i+2))*((1/3/l)^(j+1))*(2+jj*(1/3/l))/(j*(j+1)*(j+2))+m_eng*((2/3/l)^(i+1))*(2+ii*(2/3/l))/(i*(i+1)*(i+2))*((2/3/l)^(j+1))*(2+j-j*(2/3/l))/(j*(j+1)*(j+2));
K(i,j)=int(E*0.00015*(2-2*(a/l)+(a/l)^3)*((1(a/l))^2)*((a/l)^(i+j-2))/l^4,a,0,l);
end
end
omega_square=eig(K,M);
P(n-3,1)=sqrt(omega_square(1));
P(n-3,2)=sqrt(omega_square(2));
P(n-3,3)=sqrt(omega_square(3));
P(n-3,4)=sqrt(omega_square(4));
if (n-3)>1
P(n-3,5)=(sqrt(omega_square(4))-P(n-4,4))./P(n-4,4).*100;
end
end
%Plot graphs for modeshapes
[V,D]=eig(K,M);
for k=1:4;
Q=V(:,k);
Y=0
for m=1:7;
Y=Y+((a/l)^(m+1))*(2+m-m*(a/l))/(m*(m+1)*(m+2))*Q(m)
end
y=0:0.01:2;
Z=subs(Y,a,y);
figure (k);
plot(y,Z);
axis ([0 2 -0.1 0.1]);
end