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Flash Card Directions

Please use the provided flashcards to memorize some of the important vocabulary in this unit.
Write answer word (1
st
column) on the back of all of the flashcards in that row. Then cut the flash cards out and try to
line up the three boxes to complete each important vocabulary word with its name, meaning, and picture.
Start small with only a few, get really good at those, and then add more into your practice. Each time you master a
small set by lining up all three add another in until they are all mastered.
Moving the cards around on a table / clean surface is how these will help you. Just staring at them / trying to memorize
them without moving and jumbling will not be as helpful.


Weathering




The breaking of rock
into smaller pieces.





Physical
(mechanical)
Weathering

Physically breaking
rocks into smaller
pieces without
chemicals.




Ice Weathering
(Physical)

Water enters cracks
in the rocks, freezes,
expands and breaks
rocks.






Root / Plant
(Physical)


Plant roots enter
crack, grow and
expand the crack





Water
Weathering
(Physical)


Water flows over
rocks and wears them
down or breaks off
sediments.







Wind
Weathering
(Physical)

Particles of sand,
pebbles, and dust are
carried by wind and
slowly break down
rock.








Landslide
(Erosion by
gravity)


A slide of a large mass
of dirt and rock down
a mountain or cliff.








Chemical
Weathering

Chemical processes
that break down rocks
or other materials.


rust
acid rain
acidic water
lichens



Erosion

The process of moving
soil, sand, and
sediments from one
place to another.








Glacier
Erosion

The movement of a
large body of ice
over land or rock.
It moves rock and
soil and puts
grooves in rock.






Wind
Erosion


The movement
of wind as it
carries soil, sand
and sediments.







Water
Erosion


The movement of
water as it
carries soil, sand
and sediments.






Acid rain
(Chemical
Weathering)


The combination of
rain + acid that
breaks down rock
and other materials.




Rust
Acid rain
(Chemical
Weathering)

Iron + water +
oxygen causes this
to happen




Acidic water
(Chemical
Weathering)


Water combines
with minerals to
break down rock.











Lichens
(Chemical
Weathering)


This combination
of fungus and
algae eat away at
rocks.





Deposition

is when sediment,
and broken down
substances are
deposited or settle
somewhere







Delta

formed from the
deposition of the
sediment carried by the
river as the flow leaves
the mouth of the river.





Sand Dune

The deposit of sand in
a small hill.





Beach Formation

Waves dropping sand
on the beach.