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# lgebra I

Diagonalizacin

de matrices
0
1 3
1 2 5
3 1
=

=
0 1 3
1 2 5
3 1 0
A
0 ) det( = I A
0 5 ) 2 ( 9 3 15 ) 2 (
2
= + +
0 ) 2 )( 3 (
2
= +
Autovalores (valores propios)
Diagonalizacin

de matrices
3
1
=
0 ) 2 )( 3 (
2
= +
2
2
=
1
3
=
Autovalores (valores propios)
Autovectores (vectores propios)

= =
j
j
j
j j j j
c
b
a
A ,
Diagonalizacin

de matrices
Autovectores (vectores propios)
j j j j
a c b = + 3
j j j j
c b a = + 3
j j j j j
b c b a = + + 2 5

j
j
j
j
j
j
j
c
b
a
c
b
a

0 1 3
1 2 5
3 1 0
l
1
=3
0 3 3
1 1 1
= + c b a
0 3 3
1 1 1
= + c b a
0 5
1 1 1
= + c b a
Restando:
1 1
4a c =
Sustituyendo:
1 1
9a b =

=
4
9
1
1

Diagonalizacin

de matrices
l
2
=-2

=
1
4
1
3

=
1
1
1
2

l
3
=1
l
1
=3

=
4
9
1
1

Diagonalizacin

de matrices
l
j

=
j
j
j
j
c
b
a

## Normalizacin de los vectores propios

= =
j
j
j
j j j j
c
b
a
C C

2
=
j

( ) 1
2 2 2 2
= + +
j j j j
c b a C
Diagonalizacin

de matrices
Normalizacin de los vectores propios

= =
4
9
1

1 1 1 1
C C 1

2
=
j

( ) = = + + 1 98 4 9 1
2
1
2 2 2
2
1
C C
l
1
=3

=
4
9
1
1

l
2
=-2
l
3
=1
3
1
2
= C
2 3
1
3
= C
2 7
1
1
= C