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MARIKINA POLYTECHNIC COLLEGE

Sta. Elena, Marikina City




SEMI DETAILED LESSON PLAN IN
(ENG 111) ENGLISH FOR STUDY AND THINKING SKILLS

I. OBJECTIVES

At the end of the lesson, the students should be able to:

A. General Objective
improve reading comprehension.

B. Specific Objectives
define what is reading;
identify the different levels of thinking;
describe the different kinds of reading;
look for the main idea of the paragraph; and
develop reading comprehension.

II. SUBJECT MATTER

Topic: Improving Reading Comprehension
Reference:
Cabrera, Lucia DM. and Belen de Asis. (2008) Improving Study,
Thinking, Reading and Writing Skills for College Freshmen. Booklore
Publishing Corporation, Manila.
De Castro, Felicitas V. and Maria Jasmin Raymundo. (2011) Facets of
English. Instructional Coverage System Publishing, Inc., Marikina City.
Baraceros, Esther L. (2009) Communication Skills I: Improving Study and
Thinking Skills. REX Bookstore, Manila City.

III. TOOLS AND MATERIALS
Handouts
Power point presentation
Projector
Laptop
Flash cards

IV. PROCEDURES

A. Preparation
Opening prayer
Checking of attendance
Review of the past lesson
Motivation
The teacher will make two semantic maps on associating words to reading
and comprehension.















B. Presentation

TEACHING CONTENT STRATEGIES TEACHING
AID
EVALUATION
1. Reading Comprehension

Bottom up processing
- meaning from author to
the reader.
Top down processing
-reader to author
Schemata background
knowledge
Schema abstract
representation of old
knowledge
Concept condensed
form of experience that
takes a definite from
ones mind





Discussion





Slide presentation


Class, what is reading?
How about
comprehension?
What is then the
meaning of reading
comprehension?

READING
COMPRENH
- SION
Comprehension -
process of constructing
meaning with the use of
some clues in the text and
of the schemata
Reading Process
- eye movements
- light
- chemical changes
- nerve currents
- optic nerves
- middle brain
- impulses
- cerebral cortex
- past experiences
- perception
2. Levels of Thinking

Level 1 Literal
Comprehension
- ideas and meaning are
directly stated in the
selection.
Level 2 Interpretative
Comprehension
- meanings are
reembedded between
the lines
Level 3 Critical Analysis or
Critical Evaluation
- requires the reader
weigh facts
information, or ideas
presented in the
selection.
Level 4 Application and
Reaction
- reading beyond the
lines
Level 5 Creative Thinking
- highest level of
understanding












Discussion












Slide presentation










Class, what are the
different levels of
thinking and describe
each?
3. Importance Of Critical and
Creative Thinking

Critical reading
reacting to others
thoughts and to ones old
ideas
Creative reading
requires the reader to
produce new ideas, new
insights, and new
products through
extensive use of
imagination






Discussion






Slide presentation




Class, what is the
difference between
critical and creative
thinking?
4. Kinds of Reading

Skimming the easiest
and the fastest kind of
reading
Scanning browsing
over the pages and giving
a quick look over them
Idea reading getting
the main idea of the
material
Exploratory reading
this is done when the
reader wants to know
how the whole selection
is presented
Analytic reading a
careful examination of
each work to identify
word relationship is the
main purpose of analytic
reading
Critical reading - It
makes the reader weigh
facts information, or
ideas presented in the
selection
Narcotic reading done
by a person who wants to
get rid of his everyday
troubles depressions, and
problems through reading














Discussion














Slide presentation













Class, give at least two
of the different kinds
of reading and
describe each.
magazines, essays, novels
and others
Extensive reading
readers spends his leisure
time by reading any kind
of material that interest
him
Intensive reading
doing serious reading
books, periodicals, and
other library materials for
research work or a report
is the main concern of
this kind of reading
Developmental reading
- it is consist of several
stages starting from
preschool to collegiate
level
5. Getting the Main Idea

Main idea is the
general statement of the
content of the paragraphs
Guides for getting the
main idea:
- Look for the common
ideas in the selection.
- The main idea may
start the paragraph,
maybe at the middle
or at the end.
- It is the most
important information
in the paragraph.
- See to it that the main
idea must be taken
from the given
paragraph.
- Formulate the main
idea based on the way
you comprehend the
selection.










Discussion










Slide presentation

Class, I have here a
paragraph I want you
to look for the main
idea. Using the guides
we discussed.

- The reality is that
alcoholism is a
disease. Its not
something for which
you can just take two
aspirin and call the
doctor in the morning.
Its a lifelong process
to abstain from that
one drink because that
one will never be
enough.
Alcoholism.about.com
states that alcoholism
has four symptoms.



C. Application
The students will be asked to group into two and they will arrange the
words according to their order of occurrence in the reading process.
With the same group, the students will be asked to find the main idea of
the five paragraphs and after ten minutes, a representative of the group
will write their answers on the board.

PARAGRAPH 1

Planet Earth has three principal climactic zones. The tropical zone has the
warmest climate because it is located near the equator. Meanwhile, the temperature zones
have four seasons in the year; spring, summer, autumn and winter. Countries in the polar
zones are extremely cold and are covered with ice for the whole year.

Answer: Planet Earth has three principal climactic zone

PARAGRAPH 2

Trees give us food, shelter, lumber, medicine, and many other useful things. They
give us paper for our books, our notebooks and our writing pads. They also protect the
soil, so it can store water. They make the forest healthy so animals and other plants can
grow. Trees are very useful to us.

Answer: Trees are very useful to us.

PARAGRAPH 3

A common occurrence among adults is low back pain. Four out of five adults
develop this condition at least once in their lifetime, which can be so uncomfortable that
they miss work, lose sleep, and generally feel incapable of engaging in daily activities.
Many of the adults who have this condition will experience these effects two to three
times per year.

Answer: A common occurrence among adults is low back pain

PARAGRAPH 4

You should do your own homework. Copying someone else is illegal, and you
can get a failing grade or even be kicked out of school. If you cheat on your job, you can
be fired or arrested and put into jail; the government will certainly find you if you cheat
on your taxes! Copying someone elses homework also means that you never learn how
to do that work for yourself, so when you need the information later (lets say the teacher
actually gives you a test on it where you cant copy!) then you dont know how to do it
and you get another bad grade. Also, if you dont do your homework, you never learn
how to discipline yourself to do things like your job, paying your bills, and saving
money. In short, doing your own homework is the best way to go!
Answer: You should do your own homework
PARAGRAPH 5

The Truth in Lending Law of 1969 was a landmark piece of legislation. For the
first time, creditors were required to state the cost of borrowing as a dollar amount so that
consumers would know exactly what the credit charges were and thus could compare
credit costs and shop for credit.

Answer: The Truth in Lending Law of 1969 was a landmark piece of legislation


V. EVALUATION
Directions: Identify each statement and choose the correct answer in the word pool
below. Write the letter of the correct answer before the number.












1. It is reacting to other thoughts and to ones old ideas.
2. It is the easiest and fastest kind of reading.
3. It is the general statement of the content of the paragraphs.
4. This is to get the main idea of the material.
5. The derivation of meaning proceeds from the author to the reader.
6. The ideas or meanings formed by the reader at this level are directly stated in the
selection.
7. It is a process of constructing meaning with the use of some clues in the text and
of the schemata.
8. It is also called the background knowledge.
9-10. For two points, get the main idea of the paragraph:

Crosstraining is the use of more than one aerobic activity to achieve cardio
respiratory fitness. For example, runners may use swimming, cycling, or rowing
periodically to replace running in the training routines. Crosstraining allows certain
muscles groups to rest and injuries to heal. In addition, crosstraining provides a
refreshing change of pace for the participant. You will probably enjoy your fitness
program more if you vary the activities by crosstraining.
a. comprehension g. critical reading
b. schema h. idea reading
c. bottom up processing i. analytic reading
d. skimming j. Scanning
e. literal comprehension k. main idea
f. schemata

Source: Wayne Payne, Dale Hahn and Ellen Maue, Understanding Your Health, 8
th

ed., pp. 115-17. Copyright 2005 McGraw Hill Reprinted by permission of The
McGraw-Hill Companies.


Answers:
1. g 5. c
2. d 6. e
3. k 7. a
4. h 8. f

9-10. Crosstraining is the use of more than one aerobic activity to achieve cardio
respiratory fitness


VI. ASSIGNMENT

Directions: Research and study the following:

1. Noting Details
2. Paraphrasing and Summarizing
3. Pathways to better reading


Prepared by:
SALVIE A. AQUINO
BTTE IV - E