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Turkmen-English

English-Turkmen
Dictionary
Trkmene-Ilise
Ilise-Trkmene
Szlk
Written, edited, and published
by Peace Corps turkmenistan
TurkmenEnglish/English Turkmen Dictionary 2
AB-NY TRKMENISTANDAKY PARAHATYLYK KORPUSYNY
TRKMENE-ILISE/ILISE-TRKMENE SZLGINDE SIZI
HO GRDK!

u szlk ilis dilinde geplenler in, hem-de trkmen dilinde geplenler in ulanar aly
edip dzldi. u szlgi has netijeli ulanmagy wrenmek in aakdaky gzkdiriji bellikleri
okamagy hay edris.

u Szlgi Ulanmak in
Gzkdiriji Bellikler

Belgiler:
Ref: Bu szlk makalasyny belgisidir -- trkmen szni manysyny a-da ulanylyyny ilise
dndiriliidir.
Lit: Bu asyl manysy dimegi aladar. Szlk makalasyny blegi hkmnde ulanylanda,
trkmen dilindki sz terjimesini szme-sz dndirr. Ilis dilindki sz soun-
dan ay iinde goulsa, ulanylan ilis dilindki sz die asyl manysyny grkezr.
Lit. and Fig. Bu sz asyl manysynda a-da gme manysynda ulanylyp bolandygyny
grkezr.
(r) Bu rus dilinde ulanylan szi grkezr. Meselem : ruka(r) n. pen.
Ex: Bu mysal getirilende ulanylar. Meselem: saklamak v. hold [held, held]. Meselem: Ol
elinde kii gu saklady. He held the small bird in his hand.
Mysal getirilen szlemler szlgi die trkmene-ilise bleginde getirilr. Eger siz szi
szlgi ilise-trkmene tarapynda gzlen bolsayz hem-de ony nhili ulanmagy bil-
men bolsayz, onda mysal getririlen szi szlgi trkmene-ilise tarapynda
gzlemge alyy.

Sz toparlary:
Her ba sz yzyndan kursiw hatda sz topary berilr.
v. ilik
n. at
adj. sypat
adv. hal
conj. baglajy kmeki
pron. alyma
num. san
intj. mlk
id. idioma
abbr. gysgatma
qmrk. sorag

Sz birikmeleri:
Bu szlgi iinde gysga sz birikmeleri, ele-de eke szler bar. K halatlarda sz birikmeleri
ba szler bilen bile berilmer. Meselem: expression (fixed...) n. alatma (durnukly...). Ilis dil-
inde fixed expression sz birikmesidir, trkmen dilinde bolsa durnukly alatma sz birik-
mesidir. Eger sz yzyndan iinde ellipsisi bolan a (.) geln bolsa, onda ol onu aly sz
birikmesini grkezr. Kahalatlarda eke sz beleki dilde sz birikmesi aly terjime edilr. Me-
TurkmenEnglish/English Turkmen Dictionary 3
selem: joy (to bring someone) v. begendirmek Begendirmek dien sz manysy to bring
someone joy.

Trkmene-Ilise Szlk Makalalary
1. Eger trkmen szni birden kp manysy bar bolsa, ol sz kp gezek getirilr. Meselem:
ana n. glass (the material).
n. mirror.
n. window
Ana szni manysy bardyr: glass (the material), mirror, and window. onu in ol
gezek szlkde getirilr.

2. Eger trkmen dilinde sz eke manysy in ilis dilinde kp sanly manyda szi bar bolsa,
olar szlkde u aakdaky aly getirilr:
aldamak v. lie, deceive
Ilis dilindki lie we deceive szleri manyda szlerdir olary ikisi-de aldamak
dien manyny aladar

3. Eger trkmen dilinde sz drli manyly drli hili adylyy bar bolsa, olary adylyy drt-
bur ay iinde berilr. Meselem:
pil [pil] n. elephant.
pil [pi:l] n. shovel, spade

Ilise-trkmene szlk makalalary
1. Ilis dilinde kp szleri kp manysy bardyr. Ilis dilinde kp manysy bar bolan szler in
ol sz yzyndan ay iinde bile geln trkmen dilinde berlen sz aladan manysyny
dndirn gysgajyk bellik ilis dilinde erledirilr. Meselem:
capital (i.e. of a country) n. patagt.
capital (i.e. savings) n. maa.
Ilis dilinde capital szni iki manysy bar: patagt we maa. ay iindki bellikler
ilis dilinde geplenlere hasy trkmen szni hasy manysyna gabat gelndigini
dndirr.
2. Eger ilis dilinde eke sz in kp trkmen dilinde manyda szi bar bolsa, olar ilis dil-
indki sz yzyndan getirilr. Meselem:
again adv. tzeden;
adv. ene;
adv. enede

3. Eger ilis dilinde ilik ndogry ilik bolsa, onu ikinji we nji grnleri drt bur ay
iinde berilr. Meselem:
begin [began, begun] v. balamak

MINNETDARLYK
Peace Corps would like to acknowledge and thank all of the many Volunteers and Staff who
over the years have contributed to the development of this dictionary. Your collective efforts
have resulted in a truly outstanding reference dictionary of the Turkmen/English languages.
TurkmenEnglish/English Turkmen Dictionary 4
WELCOME TO THE U.S. PEACE CORPS
ENGLISHTURKMEN/TURKMENENGLISH
LEARNERS DICTIONARY!

This dictionary is designed to be used by both native English speakers as well as native Turk-
men speakers. Please read the following instructions to learn how to use this dictionary most
effectively.

Instructions for Using this Dictionary

Markings:
Ref: This is a reference marker - an English explanation of the meaning or use of a Turkmen
word.

Lit: This means literal. When used as part of a reference tag, it explains the word-for-word
translation from the Turkmen. When put in parenthesis after an English word, it indicates that
only the literal meaning of the English word applies.

Lit. and Fig. This indicates that a word can be used literally or figuratively.

(r) This indicates a Russian word. For example: ruka(r) n. pen

Ex: This is means example. Examples are given in both Turkmen and English to show how a
word may be used. For example: saklamak v. hold [held, held]. Ex: Ol elinde kii gu saklady.
He held the small bird in his hand. Example sentences are only listed in the Turkmen-English
half of the dictionary. If you look up a word on the English-Turkmen side and do not know
how to use it, try looking for an example on the Turkmen-English side.

Parts of Speech:

After each keyword, the part of speech is given in italic font.

v. verb
n. noun
adj. adjective
adv. adverb
conj. conjunction
pron. pronoun
num. number
intj. interjection
id. idiom
abbr. abbreviation
qmrk. question word

Phrases:
This dictionary contains short phrases, as well as single words. Sometimes phrases are not listed
by their first word. For example: expression (fixed...) n. alatma (durnukly...). The English
phrase is fixed expression and the Turkmen phrase is durnukly alatma. If a word is fol-
lowed by parenthesis that contain an ellipsis () then it indicates such a phrase. Sometimes, a
single word in one language will be translated as a phrase in the other language. For example:
joy (to bring someone) v. begendirmek. The meaning of begindirmek is to bring someone
joy.
TurkmenEnglish/English Turkmen Dictionary 5

Turkmen English Entries
1. If a Turkmen word has more than one meaning, it will be listed more than once. For exam-
ple:

ana n. glass (the material).
ana n. mirror.
ana n. window
The word ana has three meanings: glass (the material), mirror, and window. Therefore, it is
listed three times.

2. If there are multiple English synonyms for a single meaning of a Turkmen word, they will be
listed like this: aldamak v. lie, deceive
The English words lie and deceive are synonyms both mean aldamak.

3. If a Turkmen word has different pronunciations with different meanings, the pronunciations
are given in brackets. For example:
pil [pil] n. elephant.
pil [pi:l] n. shovel, spade

English-Turkmen Entries
1. Many English words have more than one meaning. For English words with more than one
meaning, a short note in English is placed in parenthesis after the word, explaining which
meaning is represented by the accompanying Turkmen word.
For example:
capital (i.e. of a country) n. patagt.
capital (i.e. savings) n. maa.
The English word capital has two meanings: patagt and maa. The notes in parenthesis explain
to English speakers which Turkmen word applies to which meaning.

2. If there are multiple Turkmen synonyms for a single English word, they will be listed after
the English word. For example:
again adv. tzeden;
adv. ene;
adv. enede.

4. If an English verb is irregular, its second and third forms are given in brackets. For example:
begin [began, begun] v. balamak.

Acknowledgements
Peace Corps would like to acknowledge and thank all of the many Volunteers and Staff who
over the years have contributed to the development of this dictionary. Your collective efforts
have resulted in a truly outstanding reference dictionary of the Turkmen/English languages.
TurkmenEnglish/English Turkmen Dictionary 6

The phrases in this section are simple and only presented in the I first-person
form. They are meant to be read or memorized and said, as the Turkmen written
here matches the way these phrases are said sometimes the proper written
forms will be longer.

Introductions and Basics



Trkmen English
Salam (informal) Salamlik (formal) Greetings! (lit. peace be unto you)
Gowumy()? How are you? (lit. You good?)
Nhili? or agdalary nhili? How are you?
Very Good Good Ok Not Bad Bad
ran Gowy Gowy. Normal Erbet Dl / man Dl Erbet /
man
Ho geldiiz! Welcome!
Sag bolu! Thank you! (lit. Be healthy!)
Meni adym ______. My name is ______.
Men Amerikadan. I am from America.
Men _____ yaymda. I am ____ years old.
Bagyla! Excuse me.
Hawa. Yes
ok. No
Men bilemok. I dont know.
Men dnan. I understand.
Men dnemok. I dont understand.
Dndimi? Do you understand?
Gatala! Please, repeat that.
Bolar. Ok / Alright
elemi? / ele! Dogurdanam? Infor-
mal)
Really? / Really!
Nesip bolsa! Hopefully / God willing!
Men durmua ykmadyk. (for woman)
Men lenmedik. (for man)
Im not married.
Men lenen/durmua ykan. Im married.
Men mugallym / saglyk mugallym. I am a teacher/health worker.
Men adadym. Im tired.
Men aramok. Im sick.
Sag bolu. Goodbye!
TurkmenEnglish/English Turkmen Dictionary 7
What You Need / Bazaar Words


Questions
Maa kmek etseizle. I need help.
Maa __(noun)__ gerek. I need __(noun)___.
Men gitmeli! I must go.
Mmkinmi? May I?
Bu naeden? How much is this?
Bir kilesi naeden? How much is a kilo?
Arzanrak boljakmy
(berjekmi,satjakmy)?
Can you go cheaper?
Gymmat! Expensive!
Tze pulda ne bolar? (Is that the price) in new manat?
Sizde (__noun__) barmy? Do you have __(noun)__?
TurkmenEnglish/English Turkmen Dictionary 8

Quick and Easy Sentences Structures You Will Need
Two Notes on Verbs: Turkmen verbs are defined by their verb stem, or the root that comes
before the suffix. For example: gitmek (to go). Git root, mek suffix (to). In this dictionary, all
verbs will be in their infinitive form and will end in mek or mak. Thus, below you will be
asked to insert the verb root. That is what comes before the suffix. Also, if the verb uses mak,
use the suffix with the (a) or (y) in it. If it uses mek, use the suffix with the (e) or (i).

Nme? What?
Bu nme? Whats this
Nme in? Why?
Nhili? How?
Haan? When?
Kim? Who?
Kimi/ki? Whose?
Hasy? Which?
__(noun)__ nirede? Where is __(noun)__?
Nir? Where to?
Ne? How many?
Neden? How much?
Ndip? How to?
TurkmenEnglish/English Turkmen Dictionary 9


Opposites (Garyda szler)

Men verb root + (maly/meli).
Men imeli.
I must __(verb)__.
I must eat.
Men verb root + (maly dl/ meli dl).
Men balamaly dl.
I must not __(verb)__.
I must not begin.
Men __(noun)__ halaa.
Men palow halaan.
I like __(noun)__.
I like palow.
Men __(noun-y,i)__ halamok.
Men MTV-ni halamok.
I dont like __(noun)__.
I dont like MTV.
Men verb root + (magy/megi) halaa.
Men okamagy halaan.
I like __(verb)__+ing.
I like drinking.
Men verb root + (yp/ip) biln.
Men tans onap biln!
I can __(verb)__.
I can dance!
Men verb root + (yp/ip) bilemok.
Men nahar biirip bilemok.
I cant __(verb)__.
I cant cook.
Men verb root + (magy/megi) halamok.
Men ylgamagy halamok.
I dont like __(verb)__+ing.
I dont like running.
Men verb root + (sym/sim) gelr.
Men okasym gelr.
I want to __(verb)__.
I want to read.
Men verb root + (sym/sim) gelanok.
Men onasym gelenok.
I dont want to __(verb)__.
I dont want to play.
Men verb root + (meki / maky).
Men Size u erde garamakydyryn.
I intend to __(verb)__.
I intend to wait for you here .
Men verb root + (meki dl/ maky dl).
Men oturmaky dl.
I dont intend to __(verb)__.
I shouldnt sit.
Maa __(noun)__ gerek.
Maa biraz pul gerek..
I need __(noun)__.
I need some money.
Maa __(noun)__ gerek dl.
Maa problema gerek dl.
I dont need __(noun)__.
I dont need a problem.
verb (infinitive form) mmkinmi?
Girmek mmkinmi?
May I __(verb)__?
May I come in?
English Turkmen 1
a lot of adj. kp;
abandon v. talamak;
v. terk etmek.
ABC n. elipbi.
abhor v.igrenmek .
ability n. baarnyk;
n. ukyp;
n. ukyplylyk.
able (to be) v. (bolmagy) baarmak.
able (to be) v. ip/yp bilmek.
abnormal adj. adaty dl.
adj. tgeik
aboard adv. gamin stnde.
adv.gmide;
abolish v. atyrmak;
v. galdyrmak;
v. gobolsun etmek;
v. hasap etmek.
abolishment n. atyrylma.
n. ok etme
abolition n. atyrylma (kanun).
abominable adj. aramaz;
adj. elhen;
adj. nejis.
aborigine n. erli.
abort (a fetus) v. agany gyryp ayrtmak;
v. abort etmek.
abortion (to perform an) v. agany ayrtmak.
abound v. bol bolmak;
v. bol tapmak;
v. doly bolmak;
v. kp bolmak.
abbreviate v. szba harpyny
ulanyp gysgaltmak.
abbreviation n. gysgaldylan szler;
n. gysgaltma.
about (almost) id. dien aly.
about (approximately) adv. gola;
adv. tweregi.
about (regarding) adv. hakynda;
adv. hakda;
pos. barada.
about (about to) v. taynlanmak.
above adv. okarsynda.
prep. stnde;
abridge v. gysgaltmak;
v. azaltmak.
abroad adj. et urtda;
adj. daary urtda.
abrupt adj. garaylmadyk;
adj. dudansyz.
abruptly adv. birden;
adv. dudansyz;
adv. garaylmadyk.
absence n. bolmazlyk;
n. oklyk;
n. etmezlik.
absent. adj. gelmedik;
adj. ok;
v. ok bolmak.
absent minded adj. aljyray;
adj. husyz
n. husuzlyk.
absolute adj. btnle;
adj. doly;
adj. eksiz.
absolutely adv. aksiz;
adv. aglaba;
adv. dbnden;
adv. elbetde.
absorb (water, cold) v. suwuny ekmek;
v. sorup almak;
v. sidirmek.
absorbed (to be) v. simek.
abstain v. saklanmak.
abstract adj. abstrakt(r);
adj. umumy.
absurd adj. bo sz;
adj. manysyz;
abundance n. bereket;
n. bolulyk.
abundant adj. bol;
adj. kp;
adj. bolylyk.
abundant (people) adj. bereketli;
adj. bol.
abundant (regarding nature) adj. ba hasylly.
abuse n. kin;
n. sgn.
v. baga adamy gwnne
degmek;
v. el galdyrmak
v. sgmek;
v. kemek;
v. bir zady enden aa
ulanmak (spirtli igileri
kp imek).
v. bir zady dwlmegine
garamazdan kp ulan-
mak.
v. bir zady z ulanmaly
maksadyndan daary
ulanmak (nee etmek).
abusive adj. sgnli;
adj. zorlukly;
adj. zalym;
adj. hyanatylykly.
academic department n. fakultet(r);
n. okuw bolmi.
academic adj. akademik(r);
n. okuw.
accelerate v. bat almak;
v. altlamak;
accent n. adyly.
accent (stress) n. basym.
accent (with an) adv. algyrt.
accept (i.e. a gift) v. almak.
accept (i.e to a university) v. kabul etmek.
acceptable adj. ulanylan;
adj. makul;
acceptance n. kabul.
accepted (to be) v. goberilmek;
A a
a lot of accepted (to be)
English Turkmen 2
v. kabul edilmek.
access n. barmaga mmkinilik;
n. girmge mmkinilik.
accessible (to go) adj. baryp bolan;
accident n. awaria(r);
n. helkilik;
n. hadysa;
n. erbeta waka.
accident (by accident) n. ttnden;
adj. dudansyz;
adv. alyyp;
adv. bilmn.
accidentally adv. alyyp;
adv. birden.
accommodate v. ugunladyrmak;
v. wrenidirmek;
v. pjn etmek;
v. atak-jay bermek;
v. ylaladyrmak;
v. hyzmat etmek.
accommodation n. ugunlama;
n. atak ja;
n. otag.
n. ylalayk.
n. ouk
n. pul kmegi
accommodation (home) n. atakja;
n. delge.
accompany v. any bilen gitmek;
v. olda bolmak;
v. ugratmak.
accomplish v. ii bitirmek;
v. erine etirmek;
v. stnlik gazanmak.
accomplished (about a person) adj. bilimli, tertipli, ter-
bieli adam/aal.
accomplished (to be) v. erine etirilen;
(i.e. a project) v. tamamlanan.
according to (i.e. according pos. bouna;
to a plan) prep. gr;
adv. layklykda;
adj. layk.
according to (i.e. according adv. gr.
to a source)
accordingly adv. esasynda;
adv. gr.
adv. layklykda.
account (bank) n. hasabat;
account (description of events) n. (bolan waklary)
beannamasy.
accountant n. buhgalter(r);
n. hasapy.
accounted for adj. jogapkriligi erine
etirn (pul bilen bagly).
adv. jogapkr
accounting n. hasap.
across prep. keseligine.
accurate (about a person) adj. ykjam.
accurate (about something) adj. dogry;
adj. anyk;
adj. takyk.
accurately adv. dogry;
adv. anyk.
adv. alnysyz
accusation n. gnkrleme;
n. gnleme;
n. ayplama;
n. garalama.
accuse v. ayplamak;
v. gnkrlemek.
accusative case n. ei dm.
accusingly adv. gnkrlp.
accustomed (to become) v. wrenimek;
v. endik etmek.
ache n. agyry;
v. agyrmak;
v. syzlamak.
achieve v. stnlik gazanmak;
v. erine etirmek.
achievement n. gazanylan stnlik;
n. stnlik.
acid n. kislota(r);
n. turylyk.
acquaintance n. tany;
n. tanylyk.
acquainted (to become) v. tanymak.
acquire v. edinmek;
v. almak.
v. alynmak
acquired (to be) v. doglandan so drn
gowumak.
acquit v. aklamak.
acquittal n. aklanma.
acquitted adj. aklanan.
acre n. akr.
across from prep. garysynda;
prep. gabadynda.
across (over) prep. stnden;
prep. stayr.
across (through) prep. ortasyndan;
prep. iinden.
across (to go) v. kesip gemek.
act v. zi alyp barmak;
v. hereket etmek.
act (theater) v. roly erine etirmek;
n. perde.
act n. i;
n. hereket.
act (law) n. dokument.
n. kanun.
act according to v. ugur almak.
v. gr hereket etmek.
acting n. ony ada bir ii erine
etirmek.
action n. hereket;
n. tsir.
active adj. janly;
adv. hereketly
adj. aktiw (r);
adj. ije.
active (student) adj. hereketli.
active voice n. dup dereje.
actively adj. aktiw (r);
adj. ieirlik bilen.
adv erjellik bilen.
adv. janygyp.
activity n. re.
activity (i.e. in class) n. gnkme.
access activity
English Turkmen 3
actor n. aktor(r);
n. artist(r).
actress n. aktrisa(r).
actual adj. hakyky.
adj. wajyp.
actually adv. hakykatdan;
adv. dogrudan.
acute adj. iti.
adaptation n. wrenime;
n. ugunlama;
adaptation (book) n. kitaby eilledirme;
n. asatladyrma
add v. gomak;
v. artdyrmak;
v. kpeltmek;
v. toplamak.
addition n. gomaa;
n. gomaklyk;
n. artdyrma;
n. kpeltme.
additional adj. gomaa;
address n. adres(r);
n. salgy.
adequate adj. eterlik;
adj. layk;
adherent n. aran;
n. tarapdar.
adjective n. sypat.
adjourn (from a meeting) v. mhletini surmek;
v. mhletini soa gomak.
adjust (adjust something) v. tgetmek;
v. dzetmek.
adjust (to a situation) v. wrenimek.
administration n. mdrlik
n. olbaylyk.
admiral n. admiral.
admire v. guwanmak.
admirer n. ayk.
admission n. kabul edilme;
n. giri.
admit (confess) v. boun bolmak.
v. razylamak.
admit (i.e. to a university) v. kabul etmek.
admittance n. kabul edilme.
n. girmge rugsat.
admitted (to be) v. goberilmek;
v. kabul edilmek.
admonish v. maslahat bbermek.
v. dudurmak.
v. nden atmak.
. v. atlatmak
v. ndemek.
admonishment n. maslahat;
n. ndeme;
n. dudury.
n. atlatma.
adolescent n. etginjek.
n. a.
n. etginjeklidki;
n. alykdky.
adolescent (male) n. a igit;
adolescent (female) n. uly gyz;
adopt v. kabul etmek;
v. ogullyk/gyzlyk almak.
adoption n. kabul etme;
n. ogullyk/gyzlyk alma.
adore v. akdan aa gowy grmek.
adorn v. bezemek.
v. owadanladyrma.
adult n. uly adam/aal;
n. uly aly adam/aal;
adv. kmillik ayna eten;
adv. ay eten.
adult (young) n. kemala gelen.
advance n. e gidilik;
v. smek;
v. e gitmek.
advantage n. bhbit;
n. hayr;
n. peda.
adventure n. badan geirme;
n. hadysa;
n. ge waka.
adventurous adj. batyr;
adj. erjel.
adverb n. hal.
adversary n. bsde;
n. garyda;
n. agy
adversity n. bkdenlik;
n. psgelilik.
n. kynylyk.
n. betbagytylyk.
advertisement n. bildiri;
n. reklama(r);
advice n. maslahat;
n. nesihat;
n. wt;
n. wt-nesihat.
advice (seek) v. maslahat salmak.
v. maslahatlamak
v. geemek.
advise v. maslahat bermek;
advisor n. geei;
n. maslahaty.
advocate v. aklamak;
v. goramak;
n. aklawy;
n. tarapdar.
aerial adj. howa bilen bagly;
adj. howa;
adj. howadaky.
aerobics n. aerobika(r).
affairs n. i.
affect v. tsir etmek;
v. tapawut etmek.
affect (medicine) v. kesel sebpli tsir etmek;
v. aratmak.
affection n. gadyr;
n. sgi;
n. mhir;
n. kesel.
affectionate adj. mylaym;
adj. mhirli;
adj. san.
affectionately adv. sgi bilen;
adv. mylaymlyk bilen;
adv. yrekden.
actor affectionately
English Turkmen 4
affirm v. tassyklamak.
affirmative adj. tassyklajy;
adv. razy.
afford v. mmkinilik bolmak.
v. amatly bolmak.
Afghanistan adj. Owganistan.
afraid adj. gorkan.
afraid (to be) v. gorkmak.
v. ekinmek;
afresh adj. tzeden;
adj. aadan;
adj. gatadan;
after conj. sora;
prep. so;
prep. yzyndan.
after all adv. ahyry;
afternoon n. ln;
n. le.
afterwards prep. sora;
prep. so.
again adv. gatandan;
adv. ikilen;
adv. tzeden;
adv. ene;
adv. aadan;
adv. enede.
against adv. tersine;
adv. gary.
against (next to) adv. gabadynda.
adv.garysynda
age n. a;
v. garramak.
age (era) n. asyr;
n. dwr;
n. em.
aged adj. auly;
v. geemek.
adj. garry;
adv. garran.
agency n. agentlik(r).
agenda n. gn tertibi.
agent n. agent(r).
aggression n. gahar;
n. gazap.
aggression (warlike) n. basybalyjylyk;
n. ozu.
aggressive adj. gaharly;
adj. gazaply;
adj. batyr;
adv. agresiw;
adv. dumanylykly.
aggressor n. agresor (r);
n. basybalyjy.
agile adj. alt;
adj. alasyn.
adj. alyp-olup baran.
agitate v. agitirlemek;
v. tolgundyrmak.
agitated adj. tolgunan;
adj. aljyray;
adj. nervous dien szi gr.
agitator n. agitator (r).
agnostic adj. dine ynanmaan;
n. dine ynanmaan adam/
aal
ago adv. ozal;
adv. mundan ;
adv. .
agony n. janhowul.
agree v. razylamak;
v. ylalamak
v. pikirleri gabat gelmek.
agree (agree with one another) v. ylalamak;
v. razylamak.
agreeable adj. razylaan;
adj. alak;
adj. gwni ayk.
agreed adj. razylaan;
adj. ylalaan.
agreement (consent) n. razyylyk;
n. ylalayk. agreement
(written);
n. ertnama;
n. ylalayk.
agronomist n. agronom (r).
agriculture n. ekeranylyk;
n. oba hojalyk.
ah inter. elemi?
ahead adv.gni;
prep. e;
prep. de.
aid n. kmek;
n. goldaw;
n. ardam;
v. kmeklemek;
v. ardam etmek.
aid (aid supplies) n. kmek;
n. seride kmegi.
AIDS abbr. immuno-etmezilik
sindromy(AIDS).
aim v. enemek;
v. maksat edinmek;
v. nyan almak.
aim (goal) n. maksat.
air n. howa.
air conditioning n. howa sowadyjy.
air out v. eljiretmek.
aircraft n. samolot(r);
n. uar.
airheaded adj. eilkelle.
airplane n. samolot(r);
n. uar.
airport n. aeroport(r);
n. uar menzili.
airy adj. sele;
adj. sergin.
aisle n. geelge;
ajar adv. sahele ayk.
alarm n. ynjalyksyzlyk;
n. baagalyk;
n. howsala;
n. galmagal;
n. gopgun;
n. howpdan g bolmak
baradaky dudury.
alarm clock(set) v. sagat gurmak;
n. jaly sagat.
alarmed adj. aljyray.
affirm alarmed
English Turkmen 5
alas inter. wahei.
album n. albom (r).
alcohol n. alkogol (r);
n. spirtli igi.
alcoholic n. arakhor;
n. arakke;
n. adj. serho.
alert adj. trewoga(r);
adj. hgar.
alertness n. hgrlik.
alfalfa n. orunja.
algebra n. algebra.
alien n. at adam;
n. daary urtly;
n. gelmiek.
align v. nyzama durmak.
align (somebody else) v. nyzama duruzmak.
alike adj. meze;
adj. birmeze;
adj. kybapda.
alike (for al)l adj. meze;
adj. de.
alike (not at all) adj. ba stne.
alive adj. diri;
adj. janly.
all (all of, entire) adj. btin;
adj. hli;
adj. bary;
adj. hemmesi.
all day adv. gnuzyn;
adv. uzakly gn.
all (every) adj. hemme.
all-night party n. btin gije dowam edn
oturlyyk.
all of us n. hemmmiz.
all over adv. hli erde.
all right intj. bolar;
intj. gowy;
intj. agy.
all the same adv. barybir;
adv. her niik-de bolsa.
Allah n. Alla;
n. Huda;
n. Tary.
allege v. tassyklamak;
v. salgylanmak.
allegedly adv. hamala.
allegiance n. wepalylyk.
alley n. allea(r).
alliance n. bileleik;
n. birleik.
alligator n. alligator(r).
allot v. bellemek;
v. aryp gomak.
allow v. rugsat bermek;
v. rugsat etmek;
v. ygtyar etmek;
v. ol bermek.
allowance n. pul kmegi.
n. seride kmegi;
all-star team n. belli adamlardan y-
gyndy topary.
allude v. atlap gemek;
v. bellp gemek;
v. salgylanmak.
allusion n. salgy;
n. duduru.
ally n. aran;
n. tarapdar.
almond n. badam;
n. mindal(r).
almost adv. dien aly;
adv. tas;
adv. takmynan.
aloe n. aloe.
alone adj. alyz;
adj. eke.
along (i.e. a path) adv. bilen;
adv. ugrunda;
along with adv. any bilen.
alongside prep. anynda;
prep. gapdalynda.
aloud adv. (sesi) gataldyp
adv. batly;
adv. belent;
adv. eitdirip.
alphabet n. elipbi;
n. alfawit (r).
already adv. em;
alright intj. bolar.
also adv. hem;
adv. hemde.
alter v. tgetmek;
v. zgertmek;
v. alymak.
alteration n. tgeiklik;
n. zgerilik.
alternate v. gezeklemek;
v. gezegine alymak.
alternately adj. baaa.
alternative n. salama.
altitude n. belentlik;
n. beiklik belgisi.
aluminum n. alumin(r).
always adv. hemie;
adv. elmydama;
adv. mydama.
amateur adj. professional dl.
amaze v. ak etmek;
v. haran galdyrmak;
v. ge galdyrmak.
amazed (to be) v. ge galmak;
v. haran galmak;
v. tsin galmak;
v. ge-ta grmek.
amazement n. haran;
n. tsinlik;
amazing adj. tsin;
adj.ge;
adj. tgeik.
amazingly adv. tgeik;
adv. ajayp.
ambassador n. ili.
ambitious adj. zne geregini biln;
adj. arzuwly;
adj. umytly.
ambiguous adv. iki manyly.
ambulance n. tiz kmek.
alas ambulance
English Turkmen 6
amendment n. dzedi.
American adj. Amerikan.
amnesty n. bagylamak;
n. gna geme.
among n. arasynda;
n. iinde.
amount n. mber;
n. mukdar;
n. san.
amplified (to be) v. kpeltmek.
amplify v. ulaltmak.
amputate v. kesip ayrmak;
v. ayrmak.
amulet n. alaja;
n. amulet(r);
amuse v. gmemek.
amuse oneself v. gmenmek.
analysis n. analiz(r);
n. seljeri.
analyze v. seljermek.
anarchy n. eden-etdinlik;
n. dzgnsiz.
ancestor n. dptutan.
n. ata-baba
ancestors n. ata-babalar;
n. asyrllar boy geln.
anchor n. aran.
ancient adj. gadym;
adj. gojaman.
and conj. we.
anecdote n. degime;
n. orta sz.
anew adv. gatadan;
adv. amagan;
adv. tzeden.
angel n. peride.
anger n. gahar.
angle n. bur.
angry adj. gaharly.
angry (to get) v. gaharlanmak;
v. gahary gelmek.
angry (to make someone) v. gaharyny getirmek.
animal n. hawan.
ankle n. topuk.
anniversary n. yllyk.
announce v. bildiri etmek;
v. duydurmak;
v. yglan etmek.
announcement n. bildiri.
annoy v. azar bermek;
v. bizar etmek;
v. bizar-petegi ykarmak;
v. irrizmek.
annoyance n. azar.
annoyed adj. gazaply;
adj. gaharjan;
adj. nrazy;
adj. ii anan.
annoying adj. i-akgyn.
annual adj. yllyk.
anonymous adj. anonim(r);
adj. atsyz.
anonymously adv. atsyz;
adv. ady belli dal.
another adj. baga;
adj. beleki;
n. zge.
answer n. jogap;
n. gatargy;
v. jogap bermek.
ant n. garynja.
antelope n. jeren;
n. keik;
n. maral.
antenatal adj. dogulmazdan ki;
adj. ene garnyndaky.
anthem n. gimn.
antibiotic n. antibiotik(r).
anti-social adj. ekeligi halaan;
adj. garasmez.
antler n. ah [ah].
anxiety n. alada;
n. nji.
any adj. em gelen;
adj. hasy hem bolsa;
adj. biraz;
adj. islendik;
anybody pro. her kim;
pro. biri;
pro. kimdir biri.
anyhow adv. anyway dien szi gr.
anyone pro. her kii;
pro. kimdir biri.
anything id. nmede bolsa bir zat;
pro. ahli zat;
pro. hasydyr bir zat;
pro. hemme zat.
anyway adv. hatda;
adv. hern;
adj. nme bolsada;
conj. bary bir.
anywhere adv. hasydyr bir ol;
adv. niredir bir er.
apartheid n. rassa bouna adamlary
blp sgermezlik.
apartment n. .
apathetic adj. perwasyz;
adj. parhsyz.
apologize v. tn soramak.
appalling adj. elhen;
adj. gorkun.
apparatus n. apparat(r).
apparently adj. adyly aly;
adv. ady;
adv. anyk;
adv. aan.
appeal v. jar etmek;
v. ikaat etmek.
appeal (petition) n. arza;
n. ikaat.
appeal to v. z tutmak.
appear (i.e. an object v. peda bolmak;
or a person) v. grnmek.
appear (i.e. an organization) v. emele gelmek.
appear (only of people) v. gara bermek;
v. peda bolmak.
appearance n. kep;
n. mysala;
amendment appearance
English Turkmen 7
n. daky grn;
n. sypat;
n. syrat;
n. ttnden dme;
n. peda bolma.
appearance (form) n. durk.
appetite n. id.
applaud v. el arpmak.
applause n. apak;
n. el arpyyk.
apple n. alma.
apple pie n. almaly ilekli.
applicance n. abzal;
n. esbap;
n. gural.
application n. arza;
n. hay;
n. sowalnama;
apply v. ornadyrmak;
v. ulanmak.
apply (i.e. a cream) v. almak.
apply on a national scale v. milliledirmek.
appoint v. bellemek.
appointment adj. bellenme;
n. i duuygy.
appreciate v. bahalandyrmak;
v. hormatlamak;
v. gadyr bilmek.
apprentice n. girt.
approach (i.e. a problem) v. emelemek.
approach (i.e. to a problem) n. emeleme.
approach (to come alongside) v. etmek.
approach (to get close to) v. akynlamak.
appropriate adj. amatly;
adj. erlikli;
pos. degili.
approve v. makullamak;
v. tassyklamak.
approved (to be) v. tassyklanmak.
approximate adj. en bilen.
approximately adv. gola;
adv. tweregi.
approximation n. en.
apricot n. erik.
April n. aprel(r).
April Fools Day n. Birinji aprel gni.
apron n. fartuk(r);
n. lk.
Arab n. arap.
arbitrariness n. eden-etdilik.
archeologist n. arheolog(r).
architect n. arhitektor(r).
architecture n. arhitektura(r).
archive n. arhiw(r).
area n. medan;
n. medana;
n. er.
area (of study) n. ugur.
area (region) n. sebit;
n. lke.
area (surroundings) n. twerek.
arena n. arena(r).
argue v. jedellemek;
v. jetlemek;
v. sgmek;
v. ekelemek;
v. dawalamak.
argument n. dawa;
n. jedel;
n. esas;
argument (intellectual) n. delil.
arid adj. suwsyz.
arise v. dremek;
v. smek.
arithmetic n. hasap;
n. arifmetika(r).
arm n. el;
n. gol.
arm (upper) n. gol.
armchair n. krsi.
armed adj. aragly.
Armenian n. ermeni.
armful n. gujak.
armor n. okdan goraan arag
tehnikasy;
n. demir don;
n. ok geirmeyan geim.
armpit n. goltuk.
army n. goun;
n. gulluk.
aromatic adj. ysly.
around adv, prep. twereginde;
adv. daynda.
arouse v. aaga galmak.
arrange v. ylalamak;
v. sahallamak;
v. gurnamak;
v. aradyrmak.
arrangement n. kepilnama;
n. ertnama;
n. ylalyyk;
n. care;
n. sahalladyrma.
arrest v. tussag etmek;
v. tutmak.
arrive at v. gelmek.
arrogance n. menmenlik;
n. gopbamlyk.
adj. ulumsy.
arrogant adj. gompy.
arrogant (to be) v. gomparmak.
arrow (from a bow) n. ok;
n. a.
arrow (symbol) n. pekam.
arrow (weapon or symbol) n. ok.
arson n. otlama [o:tlama].
art n. sungat.
art (fine arts) n. eperilik.
arts (human) n. gumanitar dersi.
artery n. damar.
Arctic Circle n. Arktiki agi.
article (of a periodical) n. makala.
artificial adj. emeli;
adj. asama.
artillery n. artilleria.
artist n. suraty;
n. suratke.
artistic adj. eper;
appearance (form) artistic
English Turkmen 8
adj. ussat.
as adv. hkmnde;
adv. aly.
as a result of this adv. netijede.
as soon as adj. badyna;
adv. dessine.
as though adv. hamana.
ash n. kl.
ashamed (to be) v. namys etmek;
v. utanmak.
ask v. soramak;
v. sorag bermek;
v. sowal bermek.
ask advice v. maslahat soramak;
v. pikir soramak.
asphalt n. asfalt(r).
ass n. eek.
assassinate v. ldrmek.
assassination n. ady beelli adamlary
ldrmeklik.
assault n. ozu;
n. topulma;
v. ozmak.
assembly n. ygnak;
n. ygnanyk.
assets n. emlk.
assign a price v. baha gomak;
v. baha bellemek.
assistance n. goldaw;
n. hemaat;
n. kmek;
n. ardam.
assistance (i.e. donation n. seride kmegi;
of supplies)
assistant n. kmeki;
association n. asosiasia (r);
n. jemgyet.
assortment n. assortiment(r).
asthma n. demgysma.
astonish v. ak etmek.
astonished adj. haran galmak.
astonishment n. haran.
at prep. -da/da;
prep. golaynda;
prep. stayr.
at fault adj. bimamla.
at first adv. bada;
adv. birbada;
adv. ilki.
at hand adj. eleter.
at least adv. azyndan;
adv. bolmanda;
adv. i brkisi;
adv. i bolmanda.
at once adv. derrew.
at present adv. hzirki wagta.
at the end adv. sounda.
ate v. eat iligini ten
zaman grni.
atheism n. ateizm.
atheist adj. dine ynanmaan;
n. ateist;
athlete n. sportsmen(r);
n. trgen.
athletics n. atletika(r).
atlas n. atlas(r).
atmosphere n. atmosfera (r).
atom n. atom(r).
atomic adj. atomly.
attach v. birikdirmek;
v. elmemek;
v. abyrmak;
v. smek.
attachment n. birikme;
n. gomaa abzal;
n. wepalylyk.
attack n. ozu;
n. hjm;
n. topulma;
v. ozmak;
v. hjm etmek;
v. topulmak.
attain v. etmek.
attempt n. synanyyk;
v. milt etmek;
v. synanymak.
attend v. gatnamak.
attention n. ns;
n. dykgat;
attention (pay) v. ns bermek.
attentive adj. nsli;
n. dykgatly.
attic n. erdak(r).
attract v. ze ekmek;
attractive adj. ajap;
adj. ajayp;
adj. grnkli;
adj. ns ekiji.
attractive (i.e. house adj. bezegli;
or clothing) adj. zne ekiji.
auction n. satuw;
v. satlyga ykarmak.
auctioneer n. satyjy
audience n. auditoria(r);
n. dilejiler
audit n. malie hasabatlary
barlagy.
audition n. dilemeklik;
v. dileji bolup gatnamak.
auditor n. barlagy.
auditorium n. dilejileri ada toma-
aylary oturan otagy
August n. awgust.
aunt n. daza.
aunt (maternal) n. daza;
(paternal) n. ejeke (B);
n. eje (A, M);
n. apa (L, D);
Australia n. Awstraliya.
author n. awtor(r).
authoritative adj. abraly;
authority n. abra;
n. g;
n. ygtyar;
n. ynam.
authorization n. ygtyarlyk;;
n. rugsat;
n. rugsatnama.
as authorization
English Turkmen 9
authorize v. ygtyar bermek.
autobiographical adj. terjimehal grninde.
autocracy n. bir hkmlilik.
automatic gun n. awtomat tpei.
automatic rifle n. awtomat aragy.
autumn n. gz.
available adj. alyp bolan;
adj. eleter;
adj. nagt.
available (i.e. an apartment) adj. bar bolan.
Avenue n. prospect(r).
avenue n. aoly.
average adj. aralyk;
adj. ortaa.
aviation n. awyatsia(r).
avoid v. gaa durmak.
awake [awoke/awaked, awoken/awaked] v. turmak;
v. oanmak;
adj. oa;
adj. hgr.
award n. barak;
n. sowgat;
v. barak bermek;
v. sowga gowurmak;
v. sylaglamak.
awarded (to be) v. sylaglanmak.
aware adj. habarly.
away prep. uzakda;
prep. uzakda duran.
awful adj. aylgan;
adj. gorkun;
adj. elhen.
awl n. temen.
awning n. bassyrma;
n. brezent
awoke v. awake iligini ten
zaman grni.
awoken v. awake iligini ten
zaman grni.
axe n. palta;
v. iden ykarmak
B b
babble v. jedirdemek;
v. samramak.
baboon n. babuin mamyny.
baby n. bbek.
baby camel n. kek.
babys tummy n. agany garny.
babysit v. agalara seretmek;
v. eneke bolup ilemek.
back n. arka;
n. ese
adv. yzlykkan
adv. arkanlykkan
adv. yza;
back and forth adv. ikibaka.
back (if it hurts) n. arka;
n. bil.
back (of the body, of a page) n. arka.
back off v. yza ekilmek;
v. gamak;
back side n. arka.
back to back adj. bassyr;
adv. yzly-yzyna.
back-up v. dokumentleri tialyk
in diske azyp gomak;
v. ii birini ok wagty
erine etirmek.
backache n. bil agyry.
backer n. bankdan pul alnanda,
sizing tlp biljegiizi
gw gen adam/aal.
background n. arkadaky grn;
n. yzky grns;
n. ary (adamy gelip
ykyy barada);
n. bilim.
backpacker n.eil goly sahat
edn adam/aal.
backside n. yz.
backstage n. perdni ayrsynda
(teartr)
backward adv. yza;
adv. yzlykkan;
backward (about countries, adj. yza galan;
people ) adv. gij galan;
adj. smen.
backward (talentless) adj. zehinsiz.
backwards adv. yzyna;
conj. tersine.
bacon n. donuz eti.
bacteria n. bakteria(r).
bad adj. erbet;
adj. yaman;
adj. aramaz.
bad luck adj. owuna dl;
adj. ugruna dl
badge n. tarketka(r).
badger n. torsuk.
baffling adj. kyn;
adj. ylyrymly;
adj. dnksiz.
adj. seselik.
bag n. bukja;
n. torba;
n. sumka(r).
bag (plastic bag) n. paket(r).
baggage n. baga(r);
n. k.
bail n. zamun.
bait (for fishing) n. im (balyk in).
bake v. hamyrdan zat biirmek.
baker n. rek/nan biirn adam;
baking soda n. ay sodasy.
balance n. deagramlylyk;
balcony n. ewan;
n. weranda
bald (naturally bald) adj. kel;
adj. say den;
bald (shaved head) adj. say syrylan.
authorize bald (shaved head)
English Turkmen 10
ball n. top;
n. ar;
n. pkgi.
ball (dance) n. wals tansy.
ball of yarn n. umak.
ballet n. balet(r).
balloon n. ar(r).
balm n. melhem;
n. balzam.
bamboo n. gamy.
ban v. gadagan etmek.
band (i.e. musical) n. saz alan topar.
band (i.e. stripe) n. zolak.
bandage n. day;
n. apgy;
v. damak.
bandit n. galtaman;
n. garaky.
bang v. gaty ses bilen bir zady
urmak;
v. gprdetmek;
v. arkyldatmak.
bang n. gprdi;
n. arkyldy.
bank account n. hasabat;
n. bank hasaby.
bank (i.e. for money) n. bank(r).
bank (i.e. riverbank) n. der gyrasy;
n. kenar.
bankrupt adj. (pul) itgisini eken;
adj. berg batan.
bankrupt (go) v. berg batmak.
bankrupt (to be) v. berg batmak.
bankrupt (to go) v. berg batmak;
v. kmek.
bankruptcy n. batmaklyk.
banned adj. gadagan edilen
banner n. tug.
banquet n. dabara;
n. to.
bar n. bar(r);
n. garbanhana.
bar v. gulplamak
v. petiklemek;
v. beklemek.
barbed-wire fence n. tikenli haat;
n. gorag.
barber n. dellek.
barbershop n. dellekhana.
bard n. bagy.
barefoot adj. aakalaa.
barely adv. ala;
adv. zordan;
bargain v. bahalamak;
v. swdalamak;
n. swdalayk.
bark n. gabyk;
v. rmek.
bark (tree bark) n. gabyk (agajy gabygy).
barley n. arpa.
barmaid n. ofisiant gyz
barn n. harman;
n. atak.
barrel n. boka;
n. nil.
barrel (water barrel) n. elek;
barren (about a woman adj. agasy bolmaan;
or animal) n. gysyr.
barren (i.e. of land) adj. miwesiz.
barren (of a person or animal) adj. oz.
barren (to become) v. agadan galmak
barrier n. psgelilik.
baseball n. bezbol(r).
baseless adj. esassyz.
basement n. dp;
n. erzemin.
basic adj. esasy.
basically adj. esasan;
adj. esasy;
adv.esasan hem;
basketball n. basketbol.
basil n. rehan.
basis n. esas.
bath v. suwa drmek;
n. wanna(r).
bathe v. suwa dmek;
v. uwunmak.
bathroom n. bana(r);
n. hammam.
bathtub n. wanna(r).
battery n. batare(r).
battle n. uru;
n. swe.
baulk (at) v.adanmak;
v.haallyk etmek.
bay leaves n. lawr apragy.
bazaar n. bazar.
be v. bolmak.
be for (in favor of) v. birinin tarapynda bolmak.
be off v. gitmek;
be over v.gutarmak;
v. tamamlamak.
be snowed under v. gary aagynda galmak.
be up to v. tayar bolmak;
v. baarmak.
beach n. kenar;
n. plage.
beachwear n. suwda geilyan geim;
n.kupalnik (r).
bead n. monjuk.
beak (of a bird) n. k.
bean n. noba.
bear (the animal) n. ay.
beard n. sakgal.
beast of burden n. ki eek.
beat (defeat) [beat, beaten] v. stn ykmak;
v. emek;
beat (i.e. with a bat) v. urmak;
[beat, beaten] v. enmek;
v. grsldemek (rek
barada).
beautician n. kosmetolog (r).
beautiful adj. owadan;
adj. grmege.
beautiful (about a face) adj. nurana.
beauty n. grk;
n. owadanlyk.
beauty salon n. owadanlyk salony;
ball beauty salon
English Turkmen 11
n. gzellik salony.
because conj. nki;
conj. sebbi;
conj. zerarly.
because of prep. in.
beckon (with your hands) v. elii bulap agyrmak.
become [became, become] v. bolmak.
bed n. dek.
bed (i.e. of a river) n. der akymy.
bed (plants etc.) n. joa.
bed (to go to) v. atmak;
v. dege gemek.
bedding n. dek.
bedridden adj. dekden galmaan
(keselden ada garrylykda
aa).
bedroom n. atylan ja (otag).
bee n. ary.
beef n. sygyr eti.
beekeeper n. baly.
beer n. piwo(r).
beet n. ugundyr.
before adv. ;
adj. ozal.
befriend v. dostlamak.
befuddled v. bulamak;
adj. ay bulayk;
adj. ayk piker edip bil-
men.
beg v. albarmak.
beg (god) v. dilemek;
beggar n. dilegi.
begin [began, begun] v. balamak.
beginning n. ba;
n. balangy.
behave v. zi alyp barmak.
behaved (well) adj. tertipli;
behavior n. zi alyp bary;
n. hereket;
n. bolu.
behind adv. arkasynda;
prep. yzynda;
prep. yzy bilen.
beige adj. goras;
adj. mele.
belief n. ynam;
n. ynan.
believe v. ynanmak.
believe (i.e. in religion) v. umak.
belligerent adj. sweiji;
adj. galmagaly.
belittle v. kemsitmek.
bell n. ja.
bell pepper n. bulgar bur.
bellow (i.e. a camel) v. bagyrmak [ba:gyrmak].
bellybutton n. gbek.
belly-laugh v. iii tutup glmek.
belong v. degili bolmak.
belonging to pos. degili.
beloved adj. sgli;
adj. mhriban.
below prep. aak.
belt buckle n. ildirgi.
belt (for men) n. kemer.
beluga n. doky.
bench n. oturgy;
bend [bent, bent] v. eplemek;
v. gayrmak;
v. gyartmak;
v. gyarmak.
n. wrm;
n. epin.
benefit n. peda;
n. bhbit;
n. hayr;
n. agylyk;
v. gnenmek.
benevolent adj. honietli.
besides adv. dayndan;
conj. stesine;
conj. mundan baga.
best adj. gowusy.
best man (at a wedding) n. lena igidi dosty.
bet [bet, bet] n. (humar ounlarda)
goum;
v. jedel etmek;
v. pul gomak.
betray v. hyanat etmek;
v. dnklik etmek;
v. satmak (birini satmak).
betroth v. adaglamak.
better adj. gowyrak.
between adv. arada;
prep. aralygynda;
prep. arasynda.
beverage n. igi.
bewitch v. jadylamak.
bicycle n. welosiped(r);
n. tigir.
big adj. uly
adj. belent;
adj. ullakan;
adj. semiz.
bigot (regarding historical topics) n. ekstremist(r).
bill (bank note) n. kagyz puly.
billion n. milliard.
bind [bound, bound] v. saramak.
binoculars n. drbi.
biography n. biografia(r);
n. terjimehal.
biology n. biologia(r).
birch tree n. beroza(r).
bird n. gu.
birth (to give) n. doglu;
n. dn inmek;
v. dogmak;
v. dogurmak.
birth (to give) (of an animal) v. guzlamak.
birthday n. doglan gni;
n. a to.
birthday card n. doglan gni gutlag
otkrytkasy.
birthmark n. t;
n. hal.
bit n. blejik.
bit (a) n. biraz;
n. azyjyk.
bite [bit, bitten] v. dilemek.
because bite
English Turkmen 12
bite (for dogs) [bit, bitten] v. armak.
bite (have a) v. datmak.
bitter adj. ajy.
bitterness n. ajylyk;
n. gagylyk.
black adj. gara.
black box (in a plane) n. uary hereketlerini
zn apparat
black coffee n. gara kofe;
n. goundusyz kofe.
black-eyed pea n. noba.
black pepper adj. gara bur.
black sheep id. agsak goun.
blackberry n. bwrslen.
blackboard n. klas tagtasy;
n. doska (r).
blacken v. garalmak.
blade n. tyg.
blame n. gyjalat;
v. ayplamak;
v. bonuna atmak;
v. gnkrlemek;
v. gyjalat bermek.
blanket n. organ.
blasphemous adj. dine gary;
adj. kapyr;
adj. hudaa gary.
blast n. partlama;
n. arylma;
v. partlamak;
v. arylmak.
bleak adj. elden, agydan
goralmadyk;
adj. iiden gen sowuk
adj. gamgyn;
adj. tukat;
adj. rek gysgyn.
bleed v. ganjarmak;
v. ganamak.
blend v. garydyrmak;
v. garmak.
blended (to be) v. garymak.
bless v. ak pata bermek.
bless (religious) v. alkamak.
blessed adj. ak pata alan.
blessing (to give a) v. ak pata bermek.
blessings n. hayr-sogabat.
blind adj. kr;
blink v. gyrpmak.
bliss n. rhnet;
n. bagt.
blizzard n. garly boragan;
block v. baglamak;
v. beklemek;
v. oly apmak.
bloke n. oglan;
n. a igit;
n. igit.
blond adj. sary saly.
blood n. gan.
blood pressure n. gan basyy.
bloom v. gllemek;
v. gllp smek;
n. glleme;
n. sme.
blossom v. nowalamak.
blossom (fig.) v. gllemek;
id. gllp smek.
blow [blew, blown] n. el;
n. zarba;
v. flemek;
v. el bermek;
v. iirmek.
blow (i.e. the wind) v. wsmek.
blow ones nose v. smgrmek.
blue adj. gk.
blunt (to be in speech) v. gnlemek;
v. gni atmak.
blush v. gyzarmak.
boar n. erkek douz.
board n. tagta.
board (i.e. board of directors) n. gee.
board (a plane) v. mnmek.
boarding school n. internat(r).
boast v. gplemek;
v. gomparmak;
v. ownmek;
adj. ownje.
boat n. gayk;
n. gmi.
bobbed adj. jontuk.
body n. beden;
n. endam;
n. s(i);
n. ten.
body (dead body) n. maslyk;
n. meit.
body hair n. t.
boil v. ganamak;
v. ganatmak.
boil (i.e. puss filled sore) n. yban.
boil (tea) v. ay demlemek.
boiled adj. ganag.
bold adj. batyr
bomb n. bomba(r);
v. bombalamak.
bond (bank) n. zaom.
bondage( slavery) n. gululyk.
bone n. sk.
bonus n. premia(r);
n. pul baragy.
book n. kitap.
book (a holiday) v. nden gepleip
gomak;
v. sargamak.
bookkeeper n. buhgalter(r);
n. hasapy.
bookshelf n. kitap tekjesi.
boot n. dik.
border (border between countries) n. serhet.
border (lit. and fig.) n. arak.
bordering (sharing a border) adj. arakde.
bore (make a hole) v. burawlamak.
bored (to be) v. i gysmak.
v. rek gysmak.
boring adj. gyzyksyz;
adj. i gysgan;
adj. tukat.
bite (for dogs) boring
English Turkmen 13
born (to be) v. dogulmak.
borrow v. karz almak.
borrowed adj. karz
adj. amanat.
borrowing n. amanat.
boss n. balyk.
both adj. ikisi;
bother v. azar bermek;
v. azara gomak;
v. ynjalyksyz etmek;
v. bizar etmek;
v. psgel bermek.
bottle n. e.
bottom n. aagy;
n. dbi.
bought v. buy iligini ten
zaman grni.
bound v. bind iligini ten
zaman grni;
boundary (lit. and fig.) n. arak.
boundary of a field n. pel.
bounds n. k.
bouquet n. emen;
n. desse;
n. hoa.
bow v. ba egmek;
v. egilmek;
bow and arrow n. ok-a.
bowl n. jam;
n. a kse.
box n. guty;
n.gapyrjak.
box office n. teatry bilet kassasy.
boxing n. boks(r).
boy n. oglan.
boycott v. swda a-da jemgyyet
aragatnayklary kesmek.
boyfriend n. sgli (oglan);
n. kdi(slang).
boyhood n. oglanlyk.
bra n. gwslik;
n. lifik(r).
brace n. seg.
bracelet (for a woman) n. bilezik.
braid n. sa rmi;
v. rmek.
brain n. beni.
brakes (i.e. in a car) n. tormaz.
branch n. pudak.
branch (branch of n. pudak;
an organization) n. bolm.
branch (stick) n. p.
branch (tree branch) n. aha.
branching adj. ahalanan.
brand (i.e. on livestock) n. tagma.
brand (of product) n. kysym;
n. marka(r);
n. firma.
brand new adj. tap-tze.
brat n. tertipsiz aga.
brave adj. batyr;
adj. mert.
brave, strong adj. gerek.
brave young man n. a igit.
bravery n. batyrlyk.
bray (like a donkey) v. ayrmak.
Brazil n. Braziliya.
bread n. rek;
n. nan.
bread cloth n. saak.
break n. arakesme.
break a fast v. agyz amak.
break (firm objects) v. dwmek;
v. dwlmek;
break (the law) v. (kanuny) bozmak.
break (soft objects) v. zmek.
break (into pieces) v. ownuk dogramak;
v. madalamak.
break the ice v. dym-dyrslygy blmek.
v. tanymak.
break the rules v. kada-kanuny bozmak.
break through n. bwsmek.
break up (i.e. a relationship) v. arylymak;
v. aragatnaygy bozmak.
break somebodys heart v. gwnne degmek;
v. regine degmek;
v. akmak (rek barada);
v. kdirmek (durmu
barada).
breakdown (nervous~) n. aljyrayllyk;
n. akly amaklyk.
breakfast n. ertirlik nahar;
breast n. gws.
breast feed v. emdirmek.
v. anamak;
breath n. dem.
breathe v. dem almak.
breed v. sdrmek.
breeze n. emal.
breezy adj. sele;
adj. sergin.
bribe n. para.
bribery n. para bermeklik.
brick n. kerpi(r).
bride n. gelin;
bride price n. galy
n. halat [halat].
bridesmaid n. gelni jorasy.
bridge n. kpri.
bridle n. uan;
n. jylaw.
brief adj. gysga.
briefcase n. portfel.
bright adj. ayk rek;
adj. agty;
adj. zehinli.
bright (intelligent) adj. akylly;
adj. zehinli.
brighten v. agtylmak.
brilliant adj. lowurdaan;
adj. ran gowy;
adj. rwen alpyldawuk.
bring an end to v. souna ykmak.
bring (bring somewhere else) v. kitmek.
bring [brought, brought] v. alyp gelmek;
v. getirmek;
v. eltmek.
bring down v. gayrmak;
born (to be) bring down
English Turkmen 14
v. aak drmek.
bring (to bring here) v. alyp gelmek;
v. kelmek.
bring together v. utgadyrmak.
bring up (i.e. a child) v. terbielemek.
bring up (i.e. in a conversation) v. atlatmak;
v. orta atmak.
Britain n. Britania.
British n. ilis adamlary.
broad adj. gi;
broadcast [broadcast, broadcast] v. efire bermek.
broadcast (TV or radio) n. gepleik.
broaden v. gieltmek.
brochure n. kitapa.
broke adj. berg batan;
adj. pulsuz;
v. break iligini ten
zaman grni.
broken adj. bozuk;
adj. dwk;
v. break iligini ten
zaman grni.
broken (cars and other adj. dwlen.
large objects) adj. warak.
broken hearted adj. gwne degilen;
bronze n. brn.
brook n. eme.
broom n. sbse.
brother (lit. and fig.) n. dogan;
n. garda;
brother (older brother) n. oglan dogan.
brother (younger brother) n. oglan jigi.
brother-in-law n. urji.
brother-in-law (wifes sisters n. baja.
husband)
brought v. bring iligi ten
zaman grni.
brown adj. gour;
adj. mele.
browse v. gz gezdirmek.
bruise v. ggertmek.
v. gk salmak
brush n. otga.
brush (teeth) v. di arassalamak.
brutal (animal) adj. gdek.
bucket n. bedre;
buckle n. ildirgi.
buckwheat n. greka(r).
bud (fruits and vegetables) n. nowa.
bud (leaves) n. pyntyk.
bud (of a flower) n. guna.
buddy n. dost.
budget n. bjet(r).
build [built, built] v. gurmak;
v. salmak.
builder n. gurluyky;
building n. bina;
n. desga;
n. ymarat;
bull n. kz.
bullet n. ok.
bum n. sz.
bump v. kakmak.
v. ssmek
bumpy adj. bdr-sdr.
bunch (plucked flowers) n. desse;
n. hoa.
bunch (i.e. grapes) n. hoa.
bundle n. dwnek;
n. petde.
bungee-jumper n. uly beikliklerden tros
bilen bkn adam/aal.
bunk bed n. iki gatly atak er.
burden n. k.
bureaucracy n. burokratia(r).
bureaucrat n. burokrat(r).
burger n. gamburger (kotletaly
rek).
burglar n . ogrusy.
burglary n. ogurlyk;
n. ogurlygy.
buried (to be) v. jalanmak.
burn v. kdrmek.
burn [burned/burnt] v. akmak;
v. anmak;
v. kmek;
v. kdrmek.
burn out (i.e. a light bulb) v. kmek.
burned adj. anyk.
burned (to get) (fig.) v. jany akmak.
burning adj. anyp duran.
burnt adj. anyk.
burp v. ggirmek.
burst into tears v. birden sesli aglamak.
bury v. jalamak;
v. gmmek.
bus n. awtobus(r).
bus-stop n. awtobus duralgasy.
bush n. gyrymsy aga.
bushy (of hair) adj. gr.
business n. biznes(r);
n. krhana.
n. telekeilik
business card n. wizitka (r);
business partner n. rik.
business (to do) v. i salymak
business with (to be in) v. ( bilen) i salymak.
businessman n. telekei
n. biznesmen(r);
busy adj. baaga;
adj. ili;
adj. megul.
busy (telephone) adj. bekli;
busy with adj. gmra
adj. ili.
but conj. emma;
conj. welin;
conj. ne.
butcher v. somak;
n. gassap.
butcher knife n. pyak.
butt n. yz tarapy;
v. ssmek.
butter n. mesge;
n. ag;
v. aglamak.
butterfly n. kebelek.
button n. ilik;
n. dwme;
n. sadap.
bring (to bring here) button
English Turkmen 15
buy [bought, bought] v. satyn almak.
buyer n. alyjy;
buzz (from bees) n. wazzyldy;
v. wazzylamak.
by adv. tarapyndan;
adv. bilen;
prep. sti bilen.
by (written by) conj. tarapyndan.
by (by means of) adv. bilen.
by and large id. umuman;
id. hemie.
by chance adv. ttnlein.
by force adv. zorluk bilen.
adv. zor-aakdan.
by (i.e. to walk by) adv. sowa.
by word of mouth v. dilden.
bye! intj. ho!
intj. Sag bol!
bypass n. wrm oly.
byway n. gizlin ol.
n. kii ol
C c
cab (of a vehicle) n. kabina(r).
cabbage n. kelem.
cable car n. elektrik kabel arkaly
hereket edyan ulag.
cabinet n. tekjeler
cabinet (governmentat ) n. i otagy;
n. kabinet(r).
cafe n. kafe(r);
n. naharhana.
cafeteria n. ahana;
n. naharhana.
caffeine n. kafein.
cage n. gzenek.
cake n. tort(r);
calculate v. hasaplamak.
calculating adj. hasaply;
calendar n. kalendar (r);
n. yl azgysy.
calf n. gle.
call v. atlandyrmak;
v. gygyryp agyrmak;
v. agyrmak;
v. sz bermek;
v. oandyrmak;
v. talap etmek.
call for v. agyrmak;.
call (on the phone) v. ja etmek.
callous n. gabarak.
calm adj. arkayn;
adj. rahat.
calm down v. kemek;
v. rahatlanmak.
v. regi dmek.
calm (of a person) adj. uwa.
calm (of a place) adj. asuda.
calm (to be) v. gi bolmak.
calmly adv. arkayn.
calorie n. kaloria(r).
came v. come iligini ten
zaman; grni.
camel n. de.
camel (Arabian camel) n. bir rkli de.
camel (Bactrian camel) n. bugra;
n. iki rkli de.
camera n. fotoapparat(r).
camp n. dyn aly merkezi;
n. lager(r);
n. delge;
v. adyrda aamak.
campaign (i.e. political) n. re.
campaigner n. r gatnayjy.
campsite n. delge eri.
can v. baarmak;
v. ip/yp bilmek.
can opener n. guty amak in
ulanylyan gural.
Canada n. Kanada.
canal (large) n. kanal (r).
canal (small) n. ap.
cancel (i.e. a meeting) v. atyrmak.
cancellation n. atyrma.
cancer n. rak keseli.
candle n. em.
candle holder n. em gaby.
candy n. sji.
cane n. gamy.
cane (for walking) n. hasa [hasa:].
cane (sugar) n. pala (eker).
canoe n. krek arkaly hereket
edyan kii gami.
canteen n. naharhana;
n. garbanyhana.
cap n. papak;
n. kepka.
capability n. ukyp;
n. ukyplylyk.
capable adj. baarja;
adj. oaran
adj. kde.
capital (i.e. of a country) n. patagt.
capital (letter) adj. ba harp.
capital (i.e. savings) n. maa.
caprice n. nz.
capricious adj. ynjyk.
captain n. kapitan.
captive adj. esir;
n. esir.
car n. ulag;
n. mayn(r).
caravan n. kerwen
caravan trade n. kerwen swdasy.
carbohydrate n. uglewod(r).
carbon n. uglerod(r).
carbonated adj. gazly.
card n. kart (r).
cardinal numbers n. mukdar sanlar.
care for v. eklemek.
v. aladalanmak;
buy care for
English Turkmen 16
v. aladasyny etmek;
v. yzyndan seretmek.
care (I dont) id. bolsa bolupdyr;
id. tapawudy ok
(maa).
care (looking after) v. gzlemek;
v. ideg etmek;
v. idemek.
care (trouble) n. alada.
career n. kr;
n. wezipe.
carefree adj. aladasyz;
adj. biagyry.
careful adj. seresap;
adj. aladayl;
adj. yhlasly.
careful (to be) v. seresap bolmak;
v. hzir bolmak;
v. hgr bolmak.
careless adj. biagyry;
adj. nssz;
adj. parhsyz.
caress v. sypalamak.
caring adj. nazik;
adj. mylakatly;
adj. regi uka.
cargo n. k.
carnival n. karnawal.
carpenter n. aga ussasy.
carpet n. haly;
n. el haly;
n. kee.
carpet (machine made carpet) n. palas;
n. haly.
carpet-making n. halyylyk.
carpet-maker n, halyy.
carrot n. kir.
carry (a name) v. (at) gtermek.
carry across v. geirmek.
carry (an object) v. daamak;
v. gtermek;
v, kitmek.
carry on v. dowam etmek.
carry out (i.e. a plan) v. zledirmek;
v. erine etirmek.
carry out (i.e. an order) v. berja etmek.
cart n. araba;
v. klemek.
carton n. karton (r).
cartoon (in a newspaper) n. karikatura(r).
cartoon n. multfilm(r).
cartoonist n. multfilm suratysy.
cartridge n. kartrij(r).
carve v. omak;
v. kesmek.
case n. gapyrjak.
case (accusative) n. ei dm.
case (grammatical) n. dm.
cash n. nagt puly.
cashier n. kassir(r);
n. hazynay.
cassette tape n. kasseta(r).
cast v. enp zymak.
cast v. throw dien szi gr.
cast a spell v. jadylamak.
cast iron n. oun.
casting director n. reissor (r).
castle n. gala.
castrate v. bimek.
casually adv. adaty.
casualty n. betbagtylyk;
n. helkilik;
n. ejir eken adam.
cat n. piik.
catastrophe n. helkilik.
catch cold v. sowuklamak;
v. emek.
catch (i.e. a fish, a ball) v. tutmak.
catch (i.e. an animal, a ball) v. gapmak.
catch a plane id. uara etimek.
catch on v. dnip balamak.
catch on (lit.) v. ilmek.
catch ones eye v. gze ilmek.
caterpillar n. guruk.
Catholic n. katolik(r).
cattle n. mal.
caught v. catch iligini ten
zaman grni.
cause n. sebp;
v. sebp bolmak.
cause trouble (i.e. between v.swdirmek.
two people)
cause worry v. tolgundyrmak;
v. aladalandyrmak.
caution n. tia;
n. hgrlik.
cautious adj. aawly;
adj. tialy;
adj. seresap;
adj. hgr.
cave n. gowak;
n. sren;
n. kwek.
caviar n. ibil.
cavity (i.e. in a tooth) n. boluk;
n. kwek.
CD player n. magnitofon(r).
ceiling n. tamy okarsy;
n. potolok(r).
celebrate v. baramylyk bellemek;
v. dabaralamak;
v. to etmek.
celebrated (to be) v. dabaralanmak.
celebration n. baramylyk;
n. to;
n. dabara.
celebrity n. mehur adam;
n. mehurlyk;
n. an.
cell phone n. el telefony.
cellar n. erzemin.
cement n. sement(r).
cemetery n. gonamylyk;
n. mazarlyk;
n. wli.
censor v. kplige aradylmaz-
dan ap ediljek zatlary
syasy tadan barlagy.
care censor
English Turkmen 17
censorship n. ahlak tadan barlag;
n. senzura(r).
center n. merkez.
center (lit. and fig.) n. merkez;
n. dp.
central adj. merkezi.
century n. asyr;
n. z yl.
ceremonial adj. dabaraly.
ceremony n. dabara.
certain (to be) v. gzi etmek.
certainly adj. grrsiz;
adv. elbetde;
adv. bhesiz.
certificate n. ahadatnama.
chaff n. tyrt (mal).
chain n. sep;
n. zynjyr.
chair n. oturgy.
chalet n. atma;
n. kme;
n. daa (r).
chalk n. hek;
n. mel (r).
challenge n. kynylyk;
n. barlag;
v. kynylyk sti bilen
barlamak.
chamber n. palata;
n. otag.
chamomile n. atgulak.
champagne n. ampan igisi.
champion n. empion(r).
championship n. empionat(r).
chance n. ma;
n. mmkinilik.
change v. alymak;
v. tgemek;
v. alyrmak(egin-eek);
n. alyma.
change (change something) v. tgetmek.
change (from a purchase) n. gatargy.
change ones mind v. pikir tgetmek.
change oneself v. zgermek;
n. zgeri.
changing room n. geim alyrylan otag.
channel n. kanal.
chaos n.bulam-bujarlyk.
chaotic adj. bulayk;
adj. dzgne layk
bolmadyk;;
adj. tertipsiz;
adv. akan-dkn.
chap n. erkek (ynamdar oglan
manyda);
n. igit;
n. dost.
chapel n. kii buthana.
chapter (in a book) n. bap.
character (i.e. in a book) n. gahryman.
character (personality) n. gylyk;
n. hsiet.
charge (charge with a task) v. (i) tabyrmak.
charge (electric charge) n. kuwwatlandyrma.
charismatic adj. ynam dredn;
adj. zne ekiji.
charity n. hayr-sogap;
n. Huda oly;
n. sadaka.
chart n. yzgy;
n. tablisa(r).
charter n. dzgnnama;
n. ustaw(r).
chase v. kowalamak;
v. yzarlamak.
chat n. shbet;
v. grr etmek;
v. shbet etmek.
chatterbox n. ara.
chauffeur n. srji;
n. ofor (r).
cheap adj. arzan;
adj. deger-degmez.
cheat v. aldamak;
v. kezzaplyk etmek;
v. jypdyrmak.
check n. ek (r);
v. barlamak.
check in v. barlamak;
v. barlagdan geirmek.
checkers (the game) n. aka.
cheek n. ekge;
n. duluk;
n. aak.
cheer up v. gwnni gtermek.
cheerful adj. gwni ayk;
adj. alak;
adj. adyan.
cheerleader n. sport ounlarda toparlara
tans bilen gwnlik bern
a gyzlar.
cheese n. penir.
cheesecloth n. hasa [ha:sa].
chemical adj. himiki (r).
chemist n. dermanhanay;
n. himik(r).
chemistry n. himia(r).
cherish v. eziz grmek.
cherry n. lje.
cherry plum n. ala.
chess n. kt;
n. sadran.
chest (box) n. sandyk.
chest (the body part) n. d;
n. kkrek.
chestnut n. katan agajy;
n. gour renk.
chew v. enemek.
chew someone out v. gaty kemek.
chick n. jje.
chick peas n. nohut.
chicken n. towuk.
chief n. balyk;
n. olbay.
child n. aga;
n. perzent.
childbirth n. aga dogumy.
childhood n. agalyk;
censorship childhood
English Turkmen 18
n. oglanlyk.
chili pepper n. ajy bur.
chill n. igrek;
n. tme.
chilling adj. gorkuly;
adj. gorkun.
chilly adj. sowuk.
chimney n. tsse ykaran turba;
n. pe.
chin n. alkym;
n. eek.
China n. Hyta.
china (i.e. dishes) n. jj;
n. farfor(r).
Chinese adj. hyta.
chip n. (elektronika) ip.
chives n. gk sogany hili.
chocolate n. okolad(r).
choice n. salama;
n. salaw.
choose [chose, chosen] v. salamak;
v. salap semek.
chop v. apmak;
v. dogramak.
chopstick n. nahar taajyklary
(Hyta).
chose v. choose iligini ten
zaman grni.
chosen v. choose iligini ten
zaman grni.
chosen (to be) v. salanmak.
christen v. (hristian dininde) at
gomak.
Christian adj. hristian dininden;
adj. isay.
Christmas n. Hristian dinde Ysany
tzeden d inen gni.
chubby adj. tegelek zli;
adj. doly aakly.
chunk n. dwm;
n. blek;
n. dilim.
church n. buthana.
cider n. alma eraby;
n. alma suwy.
cigarettes n. ilim.
cilantro n. kinza.
cinema n. kinoteatr (r);
n. eper film grlan
teatr.
cinnamon n. dalyn.
circle n. tegelek;
n. alaw.
circular adj. alawly.
circular staircase n. alawly basganak.
circumcision n. snnet.
circumstance n. agdalar.
circus n. sirk(r).
citation n. alnan sz.
cite v. salgylanmak;
v. birini adan/azan
szlerini ulanmak.
citizen n. raat.
citizens n. halk.
citizenship n. raatlyk.
city n. her.
civic n. raatlyk.
civil adj. raat.
civil war n. raat ury.
claim n. arza;
n. talap.
clan n. tire;
n. tapa.
clap v. apak almak;
v. arpmak;
v. el arpmak;
v. el arpymak.
clapping n. apak.
clarify v. anyklamak.
class (university) n. kurs(r).
class n. synp.
class (social class) n. synp.
classmate n. klasda.
classroom n. synp otagy;
n. kabinet(r).
clatter v. akyrdamak;
v. gohlamak.
claustrophobic adj. apyk erlerde gorku-
lyk keseli.
claw n. penje;
v. penjni urmak.
clay n. palyk;
n. toun.
clean adj. arassa;
adj. pkize;
adj. tmiz;
v. arassalamak.
cleanliness n. pkizelik;
n. tmizlik.
clear away v. arassalamak;
v. ygnadyrmak.
clear (become) v. ze ykmak.
clear (clean) v. arassalamak.
clear (i.e. the sky) adj. ayk;
adj. dury;
v. duralmak.
clear (make) v. ze ykarmak;
v. anyk etmek;
v. gni atmak;
v. dndirmek.
clear (to make) v. adyladyrmak;
v. ady etmek.
clear (transparent) adj. ayrsy grnn.
clearly adv. dnkli.
clergyman n. dindar;
n. ruhany (Hristian);.
clerk n. gulluky.
clever adj. akylly;
adj. iti.
click v. arkyldap apmak;
v. basmak (komputer
syany).
click (sound) n. arkyldy;
n. basym;
v. birden dnmek;
v. oumak;
v. jyny jkyrmak.
client n. mderi;
chili pepper client
English Turkmen 19
n. klient (r).
cliff n. gaa.
climate n. klimat(r).
climb v. (daga) ykmak;
v. dyrmamak.
climb down v. dmek.
climb (i.e. a tree) v. dyrmamak.
cling to [clung, clung] v. apymak.
clinic n. poliklinika(r);
n. saglyk i;
n. saglyk merkezi.
cloak n. pla (r)
n. apynja.
clock n. sagat [sagat] (stolu
stnde goulan a-da
diwar sagady).
clock hand n. sagady dili.
close adj. akyn;
adv. gola;
v. apmak.
close (become) v. gola bolmak;
v. ysnymak.
close to prep golaynda.;
prep. anynda;
prep. gola anynda.
closed adj. apyk.
closeness n. akynlyk.
closeness (emotional closeness) n. ysnyyk.
cloth n. mata.
clothe v. gedirmek;
v. birini stni apmak.
clothes n. egin-eik;
n. geim.
clothing n. egin-eik;
n. geim (d).
cloud n. bulut.
cloudy adj. bulutly;
adj. tutuk.
clover n. orunja.
clown n. masgarabaz;
n. wi;
n. kloun(r).
clowning n. wilik.
club n. gurnak;
n. klub(r);
n. kruok(r).
cluck v. wakgyldamak (towuk
aly).
clueless v. nadan;
v. habarsyz.
clung v. cling iligini ten
zaman grni.
cluster n. topar;
n.melek.
coach (i.e. on a train) n. wagon(r).
coach (trainer) n. tlimi;
n. trener(r).
coalition n. birleik;
n. bileleik.
coast n. kenar.
coastline n. kenar boy.
coat n. kurtka(r);
n. palto(r);
n. penjek;
v. gemek.
coat (traditional clothes for women) n. begres.
coat (suit coat) n. penjek.
coat rack n. wealka(r).
cobbled adj. da bilen delen;
v. dalamak.
cobweb n. kerep.
cock n. horaz.
cockpit n. piloty kabinasy;
n. gres geiriln er;
n. horaz urlary
geiriln eri.
cockroach n. saaky.
n. kyrk ayak.
n. tarakan (r).
cocktail n. koktel (r).
cocoa n. kakao (r).
coconut n. kokos.
cocoon n. pile.
coffee n. kofe (r).
coffin n. tabyt.
coin n. ay;
n. tee.
cold adj. sowuk.
cold-blooded adj. sowuk ganly.
cold (catch) v. sowuklamak.
cold (feel) v. sowamak;
v. emek;
v. tmek.
cold snap n. aaz.
cold weather n. aaz.
collapse v. dargamak;
v. ykylmak;
adj. ysgynsyz;
n. ysgyndan dme;
n. owsuzlyk;
n. eli.
collar n. aka.
colleague n. ide;
n. igr;
n. krde.
collect (collect people) v. ygnamak.
collect (people or things) v. rmek;
v. toplamak;
v. ygnamak.
collection n. toplama;
n. ygnanyyk;
n. ygym;
n. ygyndy.
collection (i.e. of documents) n. toplum.
collector n. ygymy.
college n. kolled;
n. orta okuw jay.
collide with v. akymak.
colloquial word n. gepleik szi.
cologne n. atyr;
n. duhy (r).
color n. rek;;
n. wgn;
v. reklemek;
v. boamak.
colored adj. rekli.
column n. stn.
comb n. darak;
cliff comb
English Turkmen 20
v. daramak.
comb (hair) n. sa darama;
v. sa daramak.
combine v. gomak;
v. utgadyrmak;
v. utgamak.
combined adj. utgayk.
come across v. tapmak;
v. uramak;
v. stnden barmak.
come back v. gadyp gelmek;
v. gatmak;
v. yzyna gelmek.
come [came, come] v. gelmek.
come down v. dmek;
v. aak gacmak;
v. pese dmek.
Come here! intj. Bri geli!
come in v. girmek;
v. ieri girmek.
come of age (of a boy) v. igit ykmak.
Come on! intj. r!
intj. Bol!
come on the scene v. sahna ykmak.
come out v. ykmak.
come round v. alanyp gelmek;
v. pikirii tgetmek;
v. gowlanmak;
v. rahatlanmak;
v. ze gelmek.
come to pass v. bolmak hadysa barada).
come to see v. grmge barmak.
come together v. utgamak;
v. dost bolmak.
come true v. yn bolmak;
v. ynyrgatmak.
come up v. golalamak;
v. anna barmak.
come up with v. olap tapmak;
v. toslamak.
comedian n. komik;
n. komediany awtory.
comedy n. komedia(r).
comet n. kometa(r);
n. yldyz.
comfortable adj. amatly;
adj. jalaykly;
adj. oaly;
adj. eretli;
adj. rahatly.
comma n. otur (gram).
command n. buruk;
n. hkm;
v. buurmak.
command form n. buruk formasy.
commander (military commander) n. komandir;
n. serkerde.
commemorate v. atlamak;
v. hatyrasyny tutmak.
comment n. dndiri;
n. kommentari (r);
v. dndiri bermek.
commerce n. aly-aly;
n. swda.
commercial adj. swda;
n. reklama (r).
commit suicide v. z janya kast etmek.
common adj. umumy.
commotion n. aljyrayllyk;
n. baagalyk;
n. gozganylyk.
commotion (to make a) v. gozganmak.
communicate v. habarlamak;
v. geplemek.
communication n. aragatnayk.
community n. jemgyet;
n. bileleik
n. birleme;
n. twerek (goylar).
commuter n. yzygiderli gatnaw edan
adam;
n. gatnap ilen olagy.
compact disc (CD) n. disk(r);
n. kompakt diski.
companion n. eginde;
n. hemra.
companion (military) n. nker.
companion (business) n. rik.
companion (traviling) n. olda.
company n. firma(r);
n. kompania(r);
n. ereket.
company (guests) n. myhmanlar.
compare v. deemek;
v. deedirmek.
comparison n. deedirme.
compartment n. kupe(r);
n. blek;
n. blm.
compass n. kompas(r);
n. kyblanama.
compassion n. rehim.
compassionate adj. rehimli.
compelled adj. nala.
compelling adj. ynandyryjy;
adj. degerli.
compensation n. kompensasia(r).
compete v. bslemek;
v. arymak.
compete with v. apymak;
v. arymak.
competition n. ary;
n. bsleik.
competitive adj. bsde;
adj. basda.
complain v. arz etmek;
v. kinmek;
v. ikaat etmek.
complain (plead) v. derdinmek.
complain (loudly) v. dat etmek.
complaint n. ikaat.
complaint (written) n. arza.
complete v. gutarmak;
v. tamamlamak.
completed (to be) v. tamam bolmak.
completely adv. gutarnykly;
adv. btin;
adv. halys.
comb complaint (written)
English Turkmen 21
complex adj. ylyrymly;
n. toplama.
complexion n. grn;
n. zn reki.
complicated adj. ylyrymly.
compliment n. wgi;
n. kompliment (r);
v. wmek.
comply v. dileni etmek;
v. boun bolmak.
compose v. dzmek;
v. dretmek;
v. taarlamak;
v. azmak.
composition (i.e. ingredients) n. dzm.
composition (i.e. literary) n. dzme.
composure n. sowukganlylyk;
n. zelde saklamaklyk.
comprise v. iine almak;
v. dzminde bolmak;
v. tutmak;
n. ybarat.
compromise n. egliik;
n. ylalayk;
v. egliik etmek;
v. razy bolmak;
v. ylalayga gelmek.
compulsory adj. mejbury.
computer n. komputer(r).
comrade n. olda.
comradely n. oldalyk.
conceal (conceal a fact) v. agyrmak.
conceal (conceal an object) v. gizlemek;
v. bukmak.
conceal (conceal oneself) v. bukulmak;
v. gizlenmek.
conceit n. menmenlik;
v. anamak.
conceited adj. gompy;
adj. tekepbir;
adj. zne wni etn;
adj. ownje;
id. tumugy okary.
conceited (to be) v. gomparmak.
conceivable adj. akyl etirip bolan;
adj. akla sygan.
concentrate v. gnkdirmek;
v. jemlemek;
v. pikirlerini jemlemek;
v. ns bermek
v. bir ere ygnamak.
concept n. pikir;
n. dni;
n. esasy mazmuny.
concern (worry) n. gagy;
n. alada.
concerned adj. pikirli;
adj. aladaly.
concerning adv. hakynda;
pos. barada;
pos. degili.
concert n. konsert (r).
conclude v. gutarmak;
v. tamamlamak;
v. karara gelmek;
v. netije ykarmak.
conclude an agreement v.ertnama baglamak;
v. ylalamak.
conclusion (i.e. of an essay) n. netije.
concrete n. beton(r).
condemn v. gnkrlemek;
v. gyjalat bermek;
v. ayplamak.
condense v. goaltmak;
v. goy etmek;
v. gysgaltmak.
condition n. ert;
n. agda.
conduct v. zni alyp barmak;
v. geirmek;
v. guramak;
v. alyp barmak.
confer v. sowgat bermek;
v. maslahatlamak.
conference n. konferensia(r);
n. mejlis;
n. okuw maslahaty.
confess v. boun almak.
confidant n. syrda.
confidence n. ynam.
confidence (self-confidence) n. (ze bolan) ynam.
confidently adv. ynamly;
adv. dogumly.
confirm v. subut etmek;
v. gw gemek;
v. tassyklamak.
confirmation n. gw geme;
n. tassyknama.
conflict (serious) n. agzalalyk;
n. terslik;
n. dawa.
conflict (in) adj. agzala;
adj. ters;
adj. dawaly.
conflict (to be in) v. dawalamak;
v. terslemek.
conform v. layk bolmak.
confused (to be) v. aljyramak;
n. dnimezlik.
confusing adj. dnksiz.
congestion (on roads) v. kelerin dolmagy.
congratulate v. gutlamak.
congratulation n. gutlag.
Congratulations! intj. Gutly bolsun!
congregation n. adamlary melei;
n. dini mele;
n. ygnak.
conical adj. konus grnli.
conjunction n. baglajy;
n. baglanyyk.
connect v. baglamak;
v. atmak.
connect (two objects) v. birledirmek.
connected adj. baglanyykly;
adj. bagly;
adj. utgayk.
connected (emotionally) adj. bagly.
connected (to be) v. baglanmak.
complex connected
English Turkmen 22
connection n. arabaglanyyk;
n. baglanyyk;
n. gatnayk.
conquer v. basyp almak.
conquest n. basyp alma.
conscience n. wydan;
n. ynsaplyk;
n. namys;
n. ahlak tadan dnje.
conscientious adj. jr;
adj. ykjam;
adj. ieir;
adj. arassa ilen.
conscious adj. oa;
adj. huly.
consciousness n. a;
n. hu;
n. mn.
consecutive adj. bir sydyrgyn;
adj. yzygiderli.
consensus n. ylalyyk;
n. razylyk.
consent n. razyylyk;
n. rugsat;
v. razylamak.
consequence n. netije;
n. hereketi yzy;
n. re.
consequently adv. netijede;
prep. sebbi.
conservation n. saklama;
n. gorama.
consider v. garamak;
v. seretmek;
v. samak.
considerable adj. esli;
adj. ep-esli;
adj. kp;
adj. wajyp;
adj. sylaan.
consideration n. pikir;
n. garay;
n. seljerme.
considered (to be) v. seredilmek.
consist of v. ybarat.
consistent adj. yzygiderli;
adv. bir sydyrgyn.
consonant n. ekimsiz ses.
constant adj. durnukly;
adj. znksiz.
constantly adv. birsyhly;
adv. dynman;
adv. elmydama;
adv. hemie;
adv. dowamly.
construct v. gurmak;
v. gurluyk etmek;
construct a house v. ja salmak.
constitution n. konstitusia (r).
construction n. gurlu;
n. gurluyk.
construction worker n. gurluyky;
n. ja salany.
consult v. maslahat salmak.
consumer n. alyjy;
n. hyrydar;
n. mderi
n. abonent.
consumer goods n. gndelik harytlar.
contain v. iinde bolmak.
container n. gap.
contemplate v. pikirlenmek;
v. pikir etmek;
v. samak;
v. barlamak;
v. seretmek;
v. syn etmek;
v. hyal etmek.
contemplation n. pikirlenme.
contemporary adj. dwre degili;
n. dwrde;
n. gysga wagtly.
contented adj. kanagatly;
adj. razy;
v. razy bolmak.
contents n. mazmun.
contest n. ary;
n. bsleik;
n. konkurs (r);
v. jedellemek
v. gremek.
contested adj. nrazy.
continent n. kontinent.
continue v. dowam etmek.
continuity n. dowam;
n. dowamlylyk.
continuous adj. dowamly.
continuously adv. birsyhly;
adj. dynman;
adj. yzygiderli.
contract n. ertnama;
n. kontrakt(r);
n. potratylyk;
n. ylalayk;
v. ertnama baglanymak.
contradict v. gary ykmak.
contrast (in) conj. tersine.
contribute v. goant gomak.
contribution n. goant.
control v. gzegilik etmek.
control (keepof) id. elde saklamak.
control (out of) v. enden ykmak;
v. azmak;
adj. elde saklatmaan.
convenience n. oalylyk.
convenient adj. amatly;
adj. emeli;
adj. oaly.
conventional adj. adaty.
conventional weapons n. adaty araglar.
conversation n. grr;
n. grrdelik.
converse (with someone) v. grlemek.
convert v. zgertmek;
v. alymak.
convict (assign blame) v. gnkrlemek.
convict (imprison) v. yl kesmek;
v. jenaat ii in yl kes-
mek;
connection convict
English Turkmen 23
convince (to believe) v. ynandyrmak.
convince (to change v. yrmak.
someones mind)
convinced adj. ynandyrylan.
convincingly adv. ynandyryjy hasiyetde.
cook n. apez;
v. biirmek.
cook (to start to) v. atarmak.
cooked (to be) v. biirilmek.
cooker n. gaz;
n. ojak.
cookie n. kke.
cooking n. bi-d.
cool adj. salkyn;
adj. sergin.
cool (slang) adj. bet.
cooperation n. arkalayk;
n. hyzmatdalyk .
coordinate v. utgadyrmak.
coordinator n. utgadyryjy.
cope v. oarmak.
copper n. mis.
copy v. grmek;
v. kopia etmek.
coquetish adj. nzli;
v. anamak.
coquetry n. nz.
coral n. koral day.
core (like from an apple) n. almany ii.
coriander n. koriandr.
cork (i.e in a bottle) n. dyky.
corn n. mekge (mekgejwen).
corner n. bur.
corner (of a room) n. k.
cornucopia n. drli nygmat;
n. bolulyk.
corporation n. korporatsia(r).
corpse n. jeset;
n. maslyk;
n. meit.
corral n. agyl;
v. ygnamak.
correct adj. dogry;
v. dzetmek.
corridor n. koridor (r).
corrupt v. azdyrmak;
v. zaalamak;
v. para bermek;
v. remek.
cosmetics n. kosmetika (r).
cosmopolitan adj. dn raaty;
adj. kpmilletli.
costs n. ykdajy.
cost n. baha;
v. bahalandyrmak.
cottage n. obadaky ;
n. daa.
cottage cheese n. penir;
n. tworog (r).
cotton n. pagta;
cotton-plant n. gowaa.
cough n. sglewk;
v. sgrmek.
council n. gee;
n. maslahat.
counsel n. maslahat;
n. wagyz-nesihat;
v. maslahat bermek.
counsel (give good) v. akyl bermek.
count n. sanaw;
v. sanamak.
count on v. arkayn bolmak;
v. bil baglamak.
counterfeit adj. galp.
country n. yurt;
n. mekan;
n. toprak;
n. oba;
n. oba erleri.
country (nation) n. diar;
n. urt.
couple n. jbt;
n. r-aal.
couplet n. topbak.
courage n. mertlik;
n. batyrlyk.
courageous adj. batyr;
adj. mert;
adj. agytly.
course (class) n. kurs(r).
course (i.e. of a river) n. akym.
court n. medana.
court (court of law) n. kazyet;
n. sud(r).
courtship n. (gyzy) yzyna dme;
v. yzyna dmek.
cousin n. ykan;
n. dogan-oglan;
n. jigi;
n. egen.
cover n. rtgi;
n. apynja;
n. gapak.
v. basyrmak;
v. rtmek;
v. stni apmak.
cover (a topic) v. gemek.
covered (to be) v. sti apyk.
covering n. rtgi;
n. day.
cow n. sygyr.
coward n. gorkak;
n. namart;
n. rkek.
cowardly adj. bigarat;
adj. gorkak.
cowardly (to act) v. namartlamak.
cowboy n. opan.
cowherd n. opan.
co-worker n. ide;
n. igr.
crab n. lee.
crack n. at;
v. armak.
crack (i.e. an egg) v. akmak.
crack a joke v. degimek.
cradle n. sallanak.
craft n. kr;
convince craft
English Turkmen 24
healthcare n. saglygy goray;
n. saglyk hyzmatlary.
healthy adj. sag;
adj. sagdyn.
heap n. ogdam;
n. kde;
n. petde.
hear [heard, heard] v. eitmek.
hearing n. eidi.
hearing aid n. eidi enjamy.
heart n. rek;
n. gwn.
heart attack n. rek agyry;
n. infarkt.
heart condition n. regi agday.
heart failure n. regi durmagy.
heartbeat n. rek ury.
heartburn n. sary ganama.
hearth n. ojak.
heat n. ylylyk;
n. gyzgynlyk;
v. gyzdyrmak;
v. gyzmak.
heat wave n. howany howry;
heater n. pe.
heating n. gyzmak prosesi;
n. ylady.
heating coil n. ganadyjy gural;
n. kipatilnik(r).
heaven n. asman;
n. jennet;
n. umah.
heavily adj. gyli;
adj. agyr.
heaviness n. agram.
heavy adj. agramly.
heavy (lit. and fig.) adj. agyr.
heavyweight n. agram;
adj. agyr;
adj. uly agramly.
hectic adj. aladaly;
adj. howsalaly.
hedgehog n. kirpi.
heel n. kje.
height (person) n. bo.
height (thing) n. uzynlyk.
heir n. mirasdar.
held v. hold iligini ten
zaman grni.
helicopter n. dikuar;
n. wertolot(r).
helipad n. dikuarlar in gonu
medany.
hell n. dowzah;
n. jhennem.
hello n. salam.
n. salamlik.
help n. kmek;
n. ardam;
n. hemaat;
n. kmek etmek;
v. kmeklemek;
v. ardam bermek;
v. ardam etmek.
helper n. kmeki.
helpful adj. gerekli;
adj. aramly;
adj. pedaly.
helpless (of a person) adj. nalaj edein.;
helpless (of a situation) adj. alasyz;
adj. biala.
helplessness adj. birelik;
adj. ejizlik.
hemp n. be;
n. anaa.
hen n. towuk.
hepatitis n. gepatit;
n. sary getirme;
n. bagyr keseli.
her adj. onu (gyz);
pro. oa (gyz);
pro. ony (gyz).
herb n. gk ot.
herd n. sri;
n. topar (mal).
here adv. bri;
adv. brde;
adv. brik;
adv. u tada;
adv. u erde.
here it is id. ynha;
id. ine.
heredity n. nesil;
n. nesil yzarlama.
heritage n. miras.
hero n. edermen;
n. gahryman.
heroin n. geroin.
heroine n. gahryman aal.
herpes n. gabarakly demrew;
n. uuk;
n. gerpes(r).
herring n. takgaz balyk.
hers pro. oky (gyz).
herself pro. zi (gyz);
pro. zini (gyz);
pro. zne (gyz).
hesitate v. ikirjilemek;
v. adanmak.
hesitation n. bhe;
n. gumana.
heterosexual adj. geteroseksual.
hiccup n. syngylawuk;
v. syngyrmak.
hidden adj. buky;
adj. gizlin;
adj. ygyrylan.
hide (hide a fact) [hid, hidden] v. ygyrmak.
hide (hide an object) [hid, hidden] v. bukmak;
v. gizlemek.
hide (hide oneself) [hid, hidden] v. bukulmak;
v. gizlenmek.
hide (skin) n. deri;
n. ham.
hide-and-seek (the game) n. gizlenpeek ony;
n. bukuldym.
high adj. okarky;
adj. okary;
healthcare high
English Turkmen 25
adj. belent;
adj. beik;
adj. uzyn.
high (from drug use) adj. ggnli;
adj. kepli.
high blood pressure n. okary gan basyy.
high pitch adj. ine.
high tide n. dagyn [dagyn].
higher education n. okary okuw.
highlighted adj. reklenen (sz);
adj. bellenen.
highway n. uly ol.
hi n. salam.
hill n. bayr;
n. depe;
n. beiklik.
n. tmmek.
hill (a low) n. alalyk.
hilarious adj glkn;
adj. adyan.
him pro. ony (oglan);
pro. oa (oglan).
himself pro. zi (oglan);
pro. zni (oglan);
pro. zne (oglan).
hinder v. psgel bermek.
hind foot n. yzky aak.
Hindu adj. hindi.
Hinduism n. induizm.
hint v. mlemek;
v. kakdyrmak;
v. kakdyryp atmak.
hip n. but;
n. bykyn;
n. anba.
hippie n. hippi.
hire v. hakyna tutmak;
v. hakyna almak.
hired laborer n. potraty;
n. krendei.
his pro. onu(oglan);
pro. oky(oglan).
historian n. taryhy.
historical adj. taryhy.
historically adv. taryhy nukda nazardan.
history n. taryh.
hit (collide with) v. degmek;
v. kakmak;
v. kakymak.
hit [hit, hit] v. urmak;
v. almak.
hit (i.e. in a fight) v. urmak;
n. urgy.
HIV (human n. AIW (adamy
immunodeficiency virus) immunodefisit wirusy).
hives n. iteen.
hoarse adj. gyryk sesli.
hobby n. gmenje.
hockey n. hokke(r).
hoe n. ktmen.
hog n. douz.
hold [held, held] v. saklamak;
v. tutmak;
v. geirmek.
hold (wait) v. garamak.
hold out v. ydamak.
hold up (i.e. rob) v. talamak.
hold up (i.e. traffic) n. duralga;
n. saklanma.
hole (in material) n. deik.
hole (make a) v. demek;
v. omak [o:mak].
hole (pit) n. ukur;
n. deik;
n. o.
holiday n. baram;
n. baramylyk;
n. kanikul(r).
Holland n. Gollandia.
hollow adj. gowak.
holy adj. keramatly;
adj. mukaddes.
holy person n. ian;
n. wlat.
home n. .
home (to make a) v. mesgen tutmak;
v. li-iikli bolmak.
home made adj. y (de biirilen).
home-grown adj. de etidirilen.
homeland n. watan;
n. mekan.
homeless n. sz.
homesick (to be) v. ksemek;
v. gresi gelmek;
v. regi gysmak;
v. tukatlanmak;
adj. tukat;
n. rek gysma.
homework n. ii.
homogeneous adj. de;
adj. bir hili;
adj. bir drli;
adj. bir syhly.
homosexual adj. gomoseksual.
homosexuality n. gomoseksualizm.
honest adj. dogruyl.
honestly adv. dogruyllyk bilen;
adv. aslynda.
honey n. ary baly.
honeybee n. bal ary.
honeymoon n. todan soky gezelen;
n. gelinlik wagty.
honor n. hormat;
n. sylag;
v. hormatlamak.
honor (integrity) n. ar-namys;
n. namys.
honor (reputation) n. abra.
honorable adj. abraly;
adj. namysja.
honorably (to act) v. namys etmek.
honorary adj. hormatly;
adj. abraly.
honored adj. at gazanan.
honorless adj. biabra.
hood (of a car) n. kapot(r).
hoof n. tonak.
hook n. ildirgi.
hide-and-seek hook
English Turkmen 26
n. hnr;
n. senet.
craftiness n. mekirlik.
craftsman n. hnrmen;
n. senetkr;
n. ussat.
cram v. dykmak;
v. bklmek (agyrydan);
v. iki eplenmek
(agyrydan).
cramped adj. dykylan;
adj. bklen;
adj. iki eplenen.
crane (bird) n. durna.
crane (machine) n. kran(r);
n. gurluyk mayn.
crash n. atyrdy;
n. gmpldi;
v. gmpllemek.
crash (minor) v. kakymak (ulaglar).
crash (serious) v. kl-pytram etmek.
crate n. gap;
n. guty.
craving n. gli isleg;
v. a salamak.
crayfish n. lee;
n. rak (r).
crazy adj. dli;
adj. diwana;
adj. eter-etmez.
crazy about v. akly itirmek;
v. hwesli bolmak.
crazy (go) v. dldirimek.
v. akyldan azamak.
cream n. gamak;
n. krem;
create v. binat etmek;
v. dzmek;
v. asamak.
create (i.e. an organization) v. dretmek.
creation n. dredijilik ii;
n. binat;
n. dredi.
creative (used for weavers) adj. eper;
creative (talented) adj. dredijilikli;
adj. eperilikli;
adj. zehinli.
creative person n. olap tapyjy.
creator n. aradyjy;
n. Huda.
creature n. adamzat;
n. jandar;
n. aradylan;
n. aradyly.
credit n. karz;
n. kredit (r).
credit (on) adj. nese.
credit card n. bank kartasy.
creditor n. algydar.
creed n. din.
crescent n. aryma.
crew n. topar;
n. iiler topary (gmide).
crime n. bikanun hereket;
n. jenaat;
n. jenaatylyk.
criminal adj. jenaat;
n. jenaatylyk eden
adam.
crisis n. lynylyk dowry;
n. krizis (r).
crisp adj. kitirdewk;
adj. kitirden;
adj. ter;
adj. tze.
criterion n. leg;
n. talap.
critic n. tankyty.
criticism n. tankyt.
criticize v. ayplamak;
v. tankytlamak.
croak (i.e. frogs) v. warkyldamak.
crochet needle n. i (rmek in).
cronyism n. tany sti bilen ie gir-
meklik.
crooked adj. gyyk;
adj. gyardylan.
crops n. ekin;
n. hasyl.
cross n. atanak;
n. mala;
adj. garylan (smlik
barada).
cross (angry) adj. gaharjan;
adj. gaharly
adj. ze.
cross into (i.e. a region) v. girmek.
cross out v. atanak ekmek.
cross over (i.e. a river, a street) v. amak;
v. tmek;
v. tlemek;
v. gemek.
crossbow n. a;
n. arbalet.
cross-eyed adj. gzi ay.
crossing n. geelge;
n. atanak.
crossroads n. atryk.
crossword n. krossword;
n. tapmaa.
crow n. garga.
crowd n. basa-baslyk;
n. dyknyyk;
n. mhelle;
n. mele.
crowded adj. hyryn-dykyn.
crown n. depe (kell, agajy);
n. t;
n. goma di.
crucifix n. Hristianlary atanagy.
crucifixion n. haja yleme.
crucify v. haja ylap ldrmek.
cruel adj. do urek;
adj. zabun;
adj. zalym.
cruising speed n. amatly tizlik (ulagda).
crumb n. owuntyk.
crumpled adj. mrk;
craftiness crumpled
English Turkmen 27
adj. mrrk.
crush v. iteklemek;
v. mynjyramak.
crushed adj. mynjyran.
crushed (i.e. of fruit) adj. epbeik;
adj. enjilen.
crutches n. hasa.
cry v. aglamak.
cry out v. gygyrmak;
v. janygyp talap etmek.
cry (to make someone) v. aglatmak.
crybaby n. aglak.
crying n. agy.
cucumber n. hyar.
cuisine n. drli urtlary naharlary.
cultural adj. medeni.
culture n. medeniet.
cumin n. tmin.
cunning adj. mekir;
adj. sypjyk;
n. aldawy.
cup n. kse.
cupola n. gmmez.
cure v. sagdynladyrmak;
v. gutuldyrmak;
v. bejermek.
cured (to be) v. bri bakmak;
v. gutulmak;
v. galymak.
curious person n. bilesigeliji.
curiously adv. bilesigelijilik bilen.
curl adj. bura.
curly adj. bura;
adj. bura (sa).
currency n. pul;
n. pul birligi;
n. tee;
n. daary yurt puly.
current adj. hzirki;
adj. hzirki zaman;
adj. ren.
( i.e. of a river) n. akym.
currently adj. hazirki wagtda.
curriculum vitae n. gysga terjimehal;
n. hasietnama.
curse n. hapa sz;
n. nlet.
curse (to swear) v. sgmek;
v. nletlemek;
n.gargamak .
curse words n. hapa szleri.
cursed id. nlet sien;
id. gargy alan.
curtain n. perde;
n. tuty.
curvy adj. alawly.
custom n. adat;
n. dp-dessr;
n. relge.
customarily adv. adata.
customer n. alyjy;
n. mderi.
customer services n. mderi hyzmatlary.
customs house n. gmrk (gmrkhana).
cut (as in fashion) n. biim.
cut [cut, cut] v. kesmek.
cut (laceration) n. ara.
cut off adj. kesim;
v. baglanyygy kesmek;
v. kesip ayrmak.
cut up (chopped) v. ownuk dogramak.
cut up (sliced) v. dilmek.
cut (with scissors) v. gaylamak;
v. gyrkmak.
cute adj. owadanja;
adj. dbi;
adj. akylly.
cutlet n. kotlet(r).
cut the throat n. ok etmek.
cynical adj. kinaaly.
D d
dad n. kaka;
n. dde.
daffodil n. nerkes.
daily adj. gndelik;
adv. her gn.
dam n. bent;
n. bwet;
v. bentlemek;
v. bwet gomak.
damage (cars, etc) n. bozulma;
n. hyanat;
n. amanlyk;
n. zyan;
v. dwlmek.
damage (large scale) n. zaaylyk.
damage (unintentionally) v. zyan etirmek.
damp adj. yg;
adj. l;
adj. yzgarly.
dance n. tans;
v. tans etmek.
dandruff n. goak.
danger n. howp.
danger (place in) v. howp salmak.
dangerous adj. howply.
dangling adj. sallanyp duran;
adj. sallam-sa;
adj. isiz;
adj. gyzlary yzyna dp
ren.
dare n. milt;
v. milt etmek.
dark adj. gara;
adj. goy.
dark-skinned adj. garaagyz.
darken v. garalmak.
darkness n. garakylyk;
n. tm;
n. tmlk.
dash around v. ze er tapman
alanmak.
data n. maglumat.
crush data
English Turkmen 28
date n. sene.
date (the fruit) n. hurma.
dative case n. neli dm.
daughter n. gyz.
daughter-in-law n. gelin.
daunting task n. kyn umu;
n. gorkun mesele;
n. agyr wezipe.
dawn n. da.
day n. gn.
day before yesterday adv. un.
day by day adv. gn gnden.
daybreak n. da.
Day-dream n. arzuw;
v. hyallanmak;
v. arzuw etmek.
daylight n. gn yygy.
daytime n. gndiz.
dead adj. li.
dead (of a hero) adj. wepat;
adj. wepat bolan.
deadly adj.bay lmli;
adj. ldriji;
adj. ok ediji.
deaf adj. ker.
deaf person n. ker.
deal v. oarmak;
v. baarmak.
dean (of a university) n. dekan.
dear adj. eziz;
adj. mhriban;
adj. gadyrly.
death n. lm.
debate v. ara alyp maslahatla-
mak;
debt n. bergi.
debtor n. bergidar.
decade n. on yllyk.
deceased adj. aradan ykan:
n. merhum.
deceive v. aldamak.
December n. dekabr.
decide v. zmek;
v. karara gelmek;
v. pikire gelmek.
deceived (to be) v. aldanmak.
decimal n. onluk;
n. ona deigli bolan.
decision n. zgt;
n. karar.
decision (to make a final) v. bellisini etmek;
v. karara gelmek.
decisive adj. wajyp;
adj. agytly.
decisiveness n. agytlylyk.
declaration n. jarnama;
n. yglan etme.
declare v. yglan etmek;
v. dudurmak;
v. jar etmek.
declension n. dm bilen tgei;
v. aaklygyna gitmek (ol
barada);
v. egilmek.
decompose v. remek;
v. eremek.
decorate (people) v. bezemek.
decorate (things) v. bezemek;
v. owadanlamak;
v. nagylamak.
decorated adj. bezegli.
decoration n. bezeg.
decorative pattern n. nagy.
decrease v. azalmak;
v. azaltmak.
decree n. perman.
dedicate v. bagy etmek.
dedication n. bagy etmeklik.
deduce v. netij gelmek;
v. karara gelmek.
deed (good) n. edilen i.
deep (lit. and fig.) adj. u.
deep freeze n. doduryjy.
deepen v. unladyrmak.
deeply (in depth) adv. igin;
adj. u.
deer n. sugun.
defeat v. stn ykmak;
v. emek.
defeat (defeat an opponent) v. utmak;
v. emek.
defeated (to be) v. utulmak;
v. eilmek.
defect n. yg edilen i;
n. defect;
n. kemilik.
defend v. goramak;
v. aklamak.
defender n. goragy.
defense attorney n. aklawjy.
defiant adj. gdek;
adv. dien etmen.
deficiency n. kemilik;
n. etmezilik.
define v. anyklamak;
v. dndirmek;
v. kesgitlemek;
v. malim etmek.
definite adj. anyk;
adj. kesgitli;
adj. mlim.
definitely adv. bhesiz;
adv. elbetde;
adv. hakykatdan hem;
adv. dogrudan-da.
definite article n. mlim artikl.
degree n. dereje.
degree (i.e. temperature) n. gradus(r).
dehydrated (i.e. of fruit or melon) adj. guran.
dehydrated (to be) v. guramak.
dehydration n. suwsuzlyk.
delay v. togtamak;
n. soa gomak.
delegation n. delegasia (r).
deli n. imit (r) harytlary
satylyan dkan.
deliberate v. pikirlenmek;
v. nden taarlyk
grmek;
adj. nden taarlanan;
date deliberate
English Turkmen 29
adj. seresap.
deliberately adv. bilgelein.
delicate adj. nzik;
adj. uka.
delicious adj. lezzetli;
adj. sji;
adj. tagamly.
delight n. kep;
n. lezzet.
delighted adj. kepim kk;
adj. adyan.
delirious (to be) v. basyrganmak;
v. gara basmak.
deliver v. tabyrmak.
deliver (i.e. the mail) v. palamak;
v. eltmek.
delivery n. tabyrmaklyk.
delivery person n. gatnadyjy;
n. etiriji;
n. eltiji.
demand n. talap;
v. talap etmek.
demand (on) adv. talap bouna.
democracy n. demokratia (r).
demonstration n. demonstrasia (r);
n. sergi;
n. dndiri;
n. subut.
demonstrative pronoun n. grkezme alymasy.
denim n. jyns mata.
dense (i.e. shadows, liquids) adj. goy.
dense (thick i.e. hair, plants) adj. gri.
dense (thick i.e. plants) adv. ygy.
dental cavities n. rk.
dental floss n. di arassalayan sapak.
dentist n. di lukmany.
deny v. inkr etmek.
depart v. ugramak.
department n. blm.
department store n. swda merkezi;
n. uniwermag(r);
depend on v. bagly bolmak;
v. garaly bolmak.
dependent adj. bagly;
adj. garaly.
depict v. suratlandyrmak;
v. sypatlandyrmak;
v. ekillendirmek.
deposit (i.e. oil, gas) n. atak.
deposit (in a bank) n. goum;
v. pul gomak.
deposit (sediment) n. kndi.
depressed adj. gamgyn;
adj. gamly;
adj. gagyly;
adj. susty pes;
adj. kepsiz.
depressing adj. gagylandyryjy.
adj. gaygyly.
depression n. gagy;
n. susty basyklyk;
n. sustypeslik;
n. tukatlyk.
deprived adj. mahrum.
depth n. unluk.
deputy n. orunbasar.
derive v. ykarmak;
v. almak.
descend (by horse or other means) adv. eaak;
v. aak inmek.
descend (by foot) v. pese dmek.
descendants n. tohum;
n. nesil.
describe v. suratlandyrmak;
v. adyp bermek.
describe (describe an event) v. bean etmek.
description n. bean;
n. wasp;
n. surat.
desert n. l;
n. gum;
adj. talanan;
adj. miwesiz;
v. talamak;
v. gitmek.
deserted adj. terk edilen;
adj. talanan.
deserve v. mynasyp bolmak.
deserving adj. mynasyp.
design n. taslama;
n. hyal;
n. surat;
v. meilledirmek;
v. taslamak.
design (i.e. in a carpet) n. nusga.
designer n. dizaner (r).
designer clothes n. moda geimleri.
designer jeans n. mehur swda markaly
jyns matadan nmleri.
desire n. hwes.
desire (wish) n. isleg;
n. tama.
desk n. parta(r).
despair n. ykalgazys agda.
despairing adj. umytsyz;
adj. tamasyz.
desperately adv. umytsyz.
despite adv. garamazdan.
despot n. zalym.
dessert n. sji tagamlar.
destiny n. nesibe;
n. kysmat;
n. takdyr;
n. tle;
n. azgyt;
n. ykbal.
destroy v. umurmak;
v. ykmak.
destroyed adj. umurlan;
adj. ykylan;
adj. weran.
destroyed (broken) adj. bozuk.
destroyed (to be) v. weran bolmak;
v. ykylmak.
destruction n. dargama.
destructive adj. weran.
detective n. sli.
deteriorate v. erbetlemek;
deliberately deteriorate
English Turkmen 30
v. aramazlamak.
determine v. kesgitlemek.
determined adj. agytly.
devastating adj. umurjy;
adj. ykyjy;
adj. ok ediji.
develop v. sdrmek;
v. biimek.
develop (a film) v. surat ykarmak.
develop (of countries) v. smek.
development n. s.
deviate from v. kadadan ykmak.
device n. gural;
n. esbap.
devil n. etan.
devout adj. namazly.
dextrous adj. akgan.
dialect n. dialekt.
diameter n. diametr(r).
diamond n. gwher;
n. brilliant(r).
diarrhoea n. i-agyry;
n. igeme.
diary n. gndelik.
dictionary n. szlk.
die v. lmek;
v. aradan ykmak;
v. dnden tmek
v. ogalmak
die (as a hero) v. wepat bolmak.
die down v. atymak.
diet n. berhiz.
differ adj. tapawutlamak.
difference n. tapawut.
different adj. ara;
adj. ary;
adj. drli-drli;
adj. tapawutly;
adj. tgeik.
different (various) adj. drli.
differently adv. bagaa.
difficult (of a situation) adj. agyr.
difficult (of a task) adv. kyn.
difficulty n. kynylyk.
dig [dug, dug] v. gazmak;
v. kwlemek;
v. kwmek;
v. omak [o:mak].
digest v. sidirmek;
v.tertiplidirmek.
digested (to be) v. simek.
dignity n. mertebe;
n. namys.
dike n. bwet.
dill n. ukrop.
dim adj. tm.
dim-witted adj. asyz;
adj. akylsyz.
dingy adj. hapa;
adj. sary gaan;
adj. garaky.
dining room n. naharhana;
n. nahar iilan ja (otag).
dinner n. agamlyk nahary.
dinosaur n. dinozawr.
dip v. batyrmak.
diploma n. diplom (r).
diplomat n. diplomat (r).
dire adj. rn erbet;
adj. gorkun.
direct adj. gnmel;
v. ugrukdyrmak.
direct object n. gni doldurgy.
direct (to a location) v. gnkdirmek.
direction n. salgy;
n. tarap;
n. ugur;
n. olbacylyk.
directions (give) v. salgy bermek;
v. grkezmek.
directions (instructions) n. grkezme;
directions (take) v. ugur almak.
directly (i.e. directly in front) adj. gni.
directly (to a place) adj. dogry;
adv. gni.
director n. direktor(r);
n. olbay;
n. mdir.
dirt n. kir;
n. hapa.
dirty adj. hapa;
adj. kirli.
dirty (to get something) v. hapalamak;
v. kirletmek.
disability adj. mayplyk.
disadvantage n. bhbitsizlik;
n. etmezilik;
n. bwet;
n. zyan.
disagreement n. nrazylyk.
disappear v. itmek
v. itirim bolmak.
disappointing adj. akymsyz;
adj. aramaz.
disappointed adj. lapy ke;
adj. tukat.
disarm v. aragsyzlandyrmak.
disarmament n. aragsyzlandyrma;
n. urdun territoriasyndan
gouny ykarmak.
disaster n. helkilik;
n. apat;
n. bela;
n. betbagtylyk.
disastrous adj. elhen;
adj. bela getiriji.
discern v. seljermek;
v. dnmek;
v. tanamak.
discipline v. re grmek.
disciplined adj. dzgnli;
adj. tertipli.
discord n. agzalalyk;
n. nrazylyk.
discord n. tow.
discount n. arzanlady;
n. arzanlatma.
discourage v. hyaldan drmek;
determine discourage
English Turkmen 31
v. ynamdan gayrmak;
v. gary bolmak.
discover v. tapmak;
v. ay etmek.
discovery n ay;
n. tapyndy.
discuss v. ara alyp maslahatlamak.
discuss (advise one another) v. maslahat bermek.
discussion n. maslahatlayk;
n. grr;
n. shbetdelik.
disease n. kesel.
disgrace v. masgara etmek.
disgraced adj. masgara;
adj. zi gara.
disgraceful adj. masgara.
disguise v. gelikden gayrmak;
v. gizlemek.
disgusting adj. igrenji.
dish n. tabak;
n. jam;
n. tagam.
dishes n. gap-ga;
n. gap-anak.
dishonorable adj. naynsap;
adj. ynsapsyz;
adj. utansyz.
dishwasher n. gap-ga uwan mayn.
disloyal adj. biwepa;
adj. ynamsyz;
adj. ynam edip bolmaan.
dismantle v. skmek;
v. eigini ayrmak;
v. stni amak.
dismiss v. gobermek;
v. azat etmek;
v. boatmak;
v. iden ayrmak;
v. kowmak.
disorder n. tertipsizlik;
n. bulayklyk;
n. bidzgnilik.
disorganized adj. tertipsiz;
adj. bulayk;
adj. garym-gatym;
adj. akan-dkn.
disown v. terk etmek;
v. gemek
(garyndalykdan).
dispassionate adj. sowuk-ganly;
adj. rahat;
adj. arkayn.
dispatch v. ibermek;
v. ugratmak;
v. (ol dn) ugratmak;
v. alt edip dynmak;
v. dyndyrmak.
disperse v. dagatmak;
v. pytratmak.
display n. grn;
n. sergi;
n. tomaa;
v. gomak;
v. grkezmek.
displeased adj. ngile
adj. nrazy.
displeasure n. ngilelik;
n. nrazylyk.
dispose of v. dynmak.
dispute n. dawa;
n. jedel.
disputed adj. dawaly;
disregard n. ns (z) bermezlik.
disrespect v. sgermezlik etmek.
disrespectful adj. edepsiz;
adj. sypayylyksyz;
adj. yzgytsyz;
adj. gdek.
dissatisfaction n. ngilelik.
dissatisfied adj. ngile.
dissertation n. dissertasia(r).
distance n. ara;
n. aralyk;
n. uzaklyk.
distance (between two things) n. aradalyk.
distant adj. da;
adj. dagyn [dagy:n].
distill v. durlamak.
distinctive adj. tapawutlandyran;
adj. tapawutlandyryjy;
adj. zboluly.
distinctly adj. dnklil;
adj. ady;
adj. dzgnli;
adj. grrsiz;
adj. bhesiz.
distinguish v. sagarmak;
v. tapawutladyrmak;
v. seljermek.
distinguish (distinguish oneself) v. tanatmak;
v. bellenmek.
distract v. nsi blmek;
v. nsi sowmak.
distracted adj. zni itiren;
adj. aljyray;
adj akyl-huuny itiren.
distraught adj. akyldan azaan;
adj akyl-huuny itiren.
distressing adj. tukat;
adj. aladaly;
adj. Rahatsyz;
adj. ynjalyksyz.
distribute v. palamak;
v. blmek.
distribution n. blni;
n. paladyrma.
district n. etrap;
n. rayon (r).
disturb v. rahatsyzlandyrmak;
v. azar bermek;
v. binjalyk etmek.
disuse n. ulanylydan ykma.
ditch n. ap;
v. gazmak (ap);
v. talamak (aba).
ditch (a person) v. talamak;
v. terk etmek.
dive n. bk;
discover dive
English Turkmen 32
v. suwa mmek;
v. gzden itmek;
v. gayp bolmak;
v. smlmek.
diversion n. tgetme (ugry).
diversity n. drli-drllik;
n. drlilik;
n. tgeiklik.
divert v. sowmak (baga tarapa).
divide v. blmek;
v. palamak.
divide by syllables n. bogna blmek.
division (of goods) n. paladyrma.
divorce n. arylyma;
v. arylymak.
divorce rate n. arylyanlary hasapla-
masy.
dizziness n. baalanma.
dizzy (to be) v. ba alanmak;
v. kelle alanmak.
do [did, done] v. etmek;
v. ilemek.
do justice to id. adalatly bolmak;
id. ynsaply bolmak.
dock n. gmi duralgasy.
doctor n. lukman.
doctor (PhD or MD) n. doktor(r).
doctrine n. taglymat.
document n. dokument(r);
n. hat-petek;
n. kagyz.
documentary adj. dokumental.
dodge n. mekirlik;
n. aldaw;
v. gamak;
v. boun gayrmak
v. boun towlamak.
dog n. it;
n. gjk.
dog bowl n. alak.
dogma n. dini taglymaty
dzgnleri;
n. subutnamasyz dzgn.
doll n. gurjak.
dome n. gupba;
n. gmmez.
domestic adj. ierki.
domestic animal n. mal;
n. hawany.
dominate v. stn ykmak;
v. abanmak;
v. agalyk etmek;
v. hkm srmek.
donate v. sowgat etmek;
v. bagy etmek.
done (to be) v. edilmek.
donkey n. eek.
door n. gapy;
n. iik.
dose n. mber;
n. mukdar;
n. bir atym.
dot n. nokat.
dotted line n. boluk;
n. punktir.
double (i.e. a pair) adj. goa.
doubt n. ek;
n. bhe;
v. sbhelenmek;
v. guman etmek;
v. ikirjinlemek.
doubtless ad v. bhesiz.
dough n. hamyr.
dove n. kepderi.
down adv. aak.
down (soft feathers) n. per;
n. elek.
down-and-out adj. ysgynsyz;
adj. gurpsyz;
adj. adaw;
adj. sz-iiksiz;
adj. sz, isiz.
downpour n. abga;
n. jala.
downtown adj. heri merkezine
degili;
n. heri merkezi.
dowry n. bukja;
n. galy.
dozens n. kplk;
n. kp.
draft n. garalama;
n. taslama;
n. yzgy;
v. taslamak;
v. yzmak.
drag v. sremek.
drag oneself v. srenmek.
dragon n. adarha.
dragonfly n. teneir.
dramatically adv. gyzgalanly;
adv. gyli;
adv. ran tasirli.
draw a conclusion v. netije ykarmak.
draw (a picture) [drew, drawn] v. ekmek;
v. yzmak.
draw (i.e. a knife) v. ykarmak.
draw (pull) v. ekmek;
v. ekip ykarmak.
drawer n. ekme;
n. eker.
drawing n. surat.
drawstring n. bzme;
n. ugur.
dreadful adj. elhen.
dream [dreamed/dreamt] v. arzuw etmek;
v. de girmek;
v. d grmek.
dream (during sleep) n. d.
dream (wish) n. arzuw.
dress n. gyz knegi;
n. knek;
n. egin-eik;
v. geinmek.
dresser n. kaf(r).
dressmaker n. tikini.
dried adj. takyr;
adj. gury.
diversion dried
English Turkmen 33
drier n. uwlan geimleri
guradyjy.
drift v. el, suw bilen alyp gitmek;
v. smek.
drill (a hole) v. burawlamak.
drink n. igi;
v. imek.
drinking water n. agyz suwy.
drip n. damja;
v. damdyrmak;
v. dammak.
drive v. srmek.
driver n. srji;
n. ofor (r).
drivers license n. srjilik ahadatnamasy;
n. prawa (r).
drop n. damja;
v. gamak;
v. gayrmak;
v. ykylmak;
v. sypdyrmak;
v. dammak;
v. damjalap dkmek;
v. drmek.
drop (to lower) v. sallamak.
drop dead v. lmek.
drop in v. salamlamaga gelmek.
drop off v. ykmak;
v. gitmek.
droplet n. damjajyk.
drought n. guraklyk.
drown v. batyrmak;
v. mdrmek;
v. gark bolmak.
drowned adj. suwda gark bolan.
drug addict n. neeke.
drug addiction n. needen baglylyk;
n. neekelik.
drugs n. nee.
drugstore n. dermanhana.
drum n. dep;
n. deprek.
drummer n. depi.
drunk adj. serho;
adj. igili;
n. arakhor.
dry adj. gurak;
adj. gury.
dry (i.e. clothes) v. guratmak;
v. guramak.
dry up v. guramak.
duck n. rdek.
dug v. dig iligini ten
zaman grni.
dull adj. ktek.
dull (boring) adj. gyzyksyz;
adj. igysgyn;
adj. rek gysgyn.
dumb adj. akylsyz.
dumb n. dilsiz.
dump v. dkmek;
v. zymak.
durable adj. berk;
adj. uzak-mhletli;
adj. mkm.
durable (of cloth) adj. durumly.
duration n. dowam;
n. dowamlylyk;
n. uzaklyk.
during adv. dowamynda;
prep. dwrnde.
dusk n. ala garakylyk;
n. ikindi.
dust n. a;
n. tozan;
v. tozany sprmek;
v. kakmak.
duster n. esgi.
dusty adj. a;
adj. kiren;
adj. tozanly.
duty n. bor.
DVD n. DWD
dwelling n. ja.
dye n. boag;
v. boamak.
dynamite n. dinamit.
dyslexic adj. okamakda kynylyk
ekan adam.
each adj. her;
adj. her bir;
adj. her hasy.
each other (to) adv. birek-birege;
adv. biri-birini;
each time adv. her wagt;
adv. her gezek.
eager adj. hwesli.
eagle n. brgt.
ear n. gulak.
earlier adv. mundan ozal;
adv. rk.
early adv. ir;
adv. irden.
earn v. eklemek;
v. gazanmak.
earn a living v. gazan etmek.
earnings n. girdeji;
n. gazan.
earring n. gulak halka.
earth n. er;
n. toprak.
Earth (the planet) n. er ary.
earthquake n. er titreme;
n. er titremesi;
n. er yranmasy.
easier (become) v. elemek;.
easier (make something) v. eilledirmek;
v. asatladyrmak;
v. eletmek.
E e
drier easier
English Turkmen 34
east n. gndogar.
eastbound adj. gndogara tarap
hereket edan.
eastern adj. gndogar.
easy adj. asat;
adj. eil.
easy going adj. asat bilen;
adj. aladasyz.
eat [ate, eaten] n. imek.
eccentric adj. birhili;
adj. ge;
n. ge adam.
echo n. a;
v. alanmak.
ecology n. ekologia(r).
economic adj. ykdysady.
economics n. ykdysadyet;
n. ykdysaty;
n. economist.
economy n. hojalyk;
n. ykdysadyet.
economy (thrift) n. tygyt.
edge n. et;
n. gapdal;
n. gyra.
edge (i.e. of material) n. etek;
n. gyra.
edible adj. iiln.
edit (video) v. monta etmek.
edition n. neir.
editor n. redaktor.
educated adj. bilimli.
education n. bilim;
n. okuw.
eel n. ylan balygy.
effect n. tsir.
efficiency n. netijelilik.
efficient adj. netijeli.
effort (make an ) v. zor salmak;
v. tijenmek.
e.g (for example) id. mysal in;
id. meselem.
egg n. umurtga.
eggplant n. badam;
n. badamjan.
Egypt n. Msr.
eight num. sekiz.
eighteen num. on sekiz.
eighty num. segsen.
either conj. a-da.
eitheror conj. isleisle;
conj. aa-da.
elastic n. bzme.
elastic (lit. and fig.) adj. ee.
elbow n. tirsek.
elder n. auly.
elder sibling n. dogan.
elderly adj. garry;
adj. goja;
adj. yauly.
elderly man n. aksakal.
eldest adj. ulusy.
elect v. salamak.
election n. salaw (syasy salaw).
electrical plug n. wilka(r).
electricity n. tok(r);
n. elektrik gji.
electricity bill n. elektrik tlegi.
electronics n. elektronika(r).
elegant adj. grnkli;
adj. nepis.
elementary school n. balangy mekdep.
elephant n. pil [pil].
elevate v. artdyrmak;
v. okary galdyrmak.
elevated (to be) v. okary galdyrylmak.
elevator n. lift(r).
eleven num. on bir.
elm n. aga.
else adv. ene;
adj. baga.
e-mail n. elektron pota;
e-mail address n. elektron pota adresi.
embarrassed adj. zni itiren;
adj. utanan;
adj. aljyraan;
adj. zordan gymyldaan.
embarrassed (to be) v. utanmak;
v. aljyramak;
v. kynylyk grmek (pul
tarapyndan);
v. ekinmek;
v. zorluk bilen
gymyldamak.
embarrassing adj. utanly.
embarrassment n. ekinjelik;
n. psgelilik.
embassy n. ilihana.
emblem n. nyan.
embrace n. gujak;
v. gujaklamak.
embroider v. kede ekmek;
v. aka bejermek.
embroidery n. kede;
n. aka;
n. nagy.
emerald n. zmerret.
emerge v. dremek;
v. peda bolmak.
emergency n. howply agda;
n. gyssagly agda;
n. helkilik.
emergency exit n. helkilik agdaynda
ykalga.
emir n. emir.
emirate n. emirlik.
emotion n. dugy.
emperor n. imperator;
n. azada;
n. patya.
emphasize v. bellp gemek;
v. nygtamak.
employee n. igr.
employer n. ie alan adam.
employment n. i;
n. kr.
emptiness n. boluk.
empty adj. bo;
east empty
English Turkmen 35
v. boatmak.
empty promise n. bo sz.
enamel n. syra;
n. emal (r).
encircle v. guramak;
v. daynda tegelenmek.
encode v. kodlamak.
encounter n. duuyk;
v. dumak;
v. duumak;
v. uramak.
encourage v. hweslendirmek;
v. goldamak;
v. ynam bildirmek.
encyclopedia n. ensiklopedia (r).
end n. ahyr;
n. soy;
v. solamak;
v. gutarmak;
v. tamamlamak.
end (i.e. of a field) n. aak ujy.
end up v. gutarmak;
v. solamak;
v. tamam bolmak.
endangered species n. hawanlaryn itip
baryan grni.
endless adj. baky;
adj. ebedi;
adj. gutarnyksyz;
adj. mrlk.
endurance (possessing) adj. ydamly.
endure v. ydamak.
enduring adj. mydamalyk;
adj. mrlk.
enemy n. duman.
energetic adj. hereketli;
adj. ieir;
adj. ije;
adj. dogumly;
adj. garatly.
energy n. garat;
n. gy;
n. kuwwat.
engaged in (to be) v. megullanmak.
engaged with adj. gmra;
v. gyzyklanmak;
v. gmra bolmak.
engagement ceremony n. adaglama;
n. zk dakma.
engine n. motor (r).
engineer n. inener (r).
England n. Anglia.
English (the language) adj. ilise;
n. ilis dili.
enjoy v. lezzet almak;
v. kep almak.
enjoy oneself v. gwn amak;
v. hezilini grmek.
enjoyment n. hezillik;
n. lezzet.
enlarge v. ulaltmak.
enormous adj. girt;
adj. pet;
adj. mhnet.
enough adj. bes;
adj. besdir;
adj. eterlik.
enough (not) adv. kem;
adj. etmez;
n. etmezilik.
enquiry n. barlag;
n. sorag;
n. synag.
ensure v. kepilledirmek;
v. gw gemek.
enriched (to be) v. baamak.
enrichment n. baladyrma;
enter v. iine girmek.
enterprise n. krhana;
n. ereket;
n. edara.
enthusiasm n. jogunlyk.
n. hwes.
enthusiastic adj. hwesli;
adj. hwesje.
entire adj. btin;
adj. btinle;
adj. doly;
adj. tutu;
adj. hli.
entirely adv. tutulayn.
entrance n. girelge.
entrance exams n. giri ekzamenleri;
n. giri synaglary.
entreaty n. dileg;
n. hay;
n. towakga.
entrepreneur n. telekei.
entrust v. tabyrmak.
entry (entry way) n. agyz;
n. girelge.
envelope n. konwert (r);
n. bukja.
envious adj. bahyl;
n. grip.
environment n. da-twerek;
n. guraw.
envoy n. wekil.
envy n. bahyllyk;
n. griplik;
v. bahyllyk etmek.
epidemic n. epidemia;
n. araan kesel.
epilepsy n. tutga;
n. garagu.
epileptic adj. garagu keselli.
epoch n. em;
n. zamana.
equal adj. barabar;
adj. de;
v. delemek;
v. mezemek.
equality n. delik.
equation n. amal.
equilibrium n. deagramlylyk.
equip v. abzalladyrmak.
equipment n. abzal;
n. esbap;
empty promise equipment
English Turkmen 36
n. tehnika(r).
equipment (piece of) n. enjam.
equivalent adj. barabar;
adj. de;
adj. endigan.
era n. asyr;
n. em;
n. zamana.
erase v. bozmak;
v. pozmak.
eraser n. bozgu;
n. pozgu.
erect v. dikeltmek.
error n. aly.
eruption n. rgn.
escalator n. eskalator(r).
escape v. gamak;
v. sypmak;
v. gayp gitmek;
v. gutulmak.
escort n. gorag;
v. gapdalyndan remek.
especially adj. esasan;
adj. esasan hem;
adj. aratyn;
adj. aratyn hem.
essay n. duzme;
n. esse.
essential adj. smanyly;
adj. wajyp.
establish v. dretmek;
v. esaslandyrmak;
v. guramak.
establishment n. edara.
estate agent n. emlak gullugy.
estimate v. baha bermek.
eternal adj. baky;
adj. ebedi;
adj. omrlik;
adj. hemielik.
eternity n. bakyet;
n. ebedilik.
ethical adj. ahlaky.
ethnic adj. bir hlka degili;
adj. etnik;
adj. milli.
ethnic cleansing n. etnik arassalay.
ethnicity n. tire-tapa;
n. millet.
etiquette n. edep;
n. etiket (r);
n. edhet.
Europe n. ewropa.
European Union n. ewropa bileleigi.
evaluate v. kesgitlemek;
v. anyklamak;
v. baha kesmek;
v. baha bermek.
evaporation n. bugartma;
n. bug.
even adj. de;
adj. i bolmanda;
adv. i brkisi.
even numbers adj. jbt.
even though adv. hatda.
even (to be) v. delemek.
evening n. agam;
n. gilik;
n. gije (d).
event n. hadysa;
n. waka.
every adj. hemme;
adj. her;
adj. her bir.
every day adv. gnde;
adv. her gn.
every month adv. ama-a.
adv. her a.
every other adj. baaa.
every other day n. gnaa.
every single adj. her bir.
every time adv. her gezek;
adv. zol-zoldan;
adv. hemie.
every type of adj. her hili.
everybody n. hemmeler;
n. her kim;
n. hemme kii;
n. her bir adam.
everyone n. see everybody
everything n. hli zat;
n. hemme zat;
n. her zat.
everywhere n. hli erde;
n. hemme erde.
evict v. grmek;
v. kowmak.
evidence n. delil;
n. subutnama;
n. aatlyk;
n. aatnama.
evil adj. bet niet;
adj. aman;
adj. zyanly;
adj. aramaz;
n. amanlyk;
n. zyan.
evolve v. smek;
v. sdrmek;
v. berkitmek;
v. doly amak.
ex adj. ki.
exact adj. takyk;
adj. ts;
adj. hakyky.
exactly adv. hakyky;
adv. edil;
adv. hut.
exactness n. takyklyk.
exaggerate v. ulaltmak;
v. kpeltmek.
exam n. barlag;
n. barlagnama;
n. ekzamen (r);
n. synag.
examine v. garamak;
v. seretmek;
v. etmek;
equipment examine
English Turkmen 37
v. synamak.
examine (i.e. a patient) v. barlamak.
examined (to be) v. barlanmak.
examiner n. barlagy.
example n. mysal.
n. mesele.
example (for) id. mysal in.
example (make anout of v. grelde.
someone)
exceed v. geirmek;
v. artdyrmak.
excellent adj. okary derejeli;
adj. rn gowy.
except for conj. -dan/den baga.
excerpt n. para.
n. blek.
excess adj. artyk;
adj. kp;
adj. enden ykma.
excessive adj. akdan aa.
excessively adv. te.
exchange n. alyma;
n. alyyk;
n. aly-aly;
v. alymak;
v. alyrmak;
v. alymak.
exchange rate n. aly-aly bahasy.
(What is the exchange rate?) phrs. Neden alylar?
excited adj. tolgunan;
adj. begenli.
excited (to be) v. begenmek;
v. tolgunmak.
excitement n. begen.
exciting adj. begenli;
adj. tolgundyryjy.
exclude v. kowmak;
v. gadagan etmek;
v. ykarmak.
excluded adj. ykarlan;
adj. gadagan edilen.
excursion n. ekskursia(r);
n. gezelen.
excuse n. bagylama;
n. bahana;
v. bagylamak.
excuse me intj. bagyla.
excuse (to find an) v. bahana tapmak.
execute v. erine etirmek;
v. amala ayrmak
v. lm jezasyny erine
etirmek.
executive n. erine etiriji.
execution n. erine etirme;
n. lm jezasy.
executioner n. jellat.
exercise n. mak;
n. trgenleik;
v. mak etmek;
v. trgenlemek.
exercise (i.e. in a textbook) n. gnkme.
exhaust (of a car) n. ilenen gazy ykaran
turba.
exhausted adj. ysgynsyz;
adj. gden gaan;
adj. adaw.
exhaustion n. adawlyk.
v. gden gamak;
v. ysgyndan gamak.
exhibit v. grkezmek;
v. serg ykarmak.
exhibition (i.e. art exhibition) n. sergi;
n. eksponat (r).
exile v. urtdan grmek;
v. srgn etmek.
existence n. barlyk.
n. bolmak.
exit n. ykalga;
v. ykmak.
exodus n. glik;
n. gmeklik.
exotic adj. adaty dl;
adj. serek;
adj. tsin.
expand v. gieltmek;
n. uzaltmak.
expect v. garamak;
v. tama etmek.
expectation n. hantama.
expedition n. ekspedisia(r).
expel v. kowmak;
v. ykarmak.
expenditure n. cykdajy;
n. har.
expenses n. ykdayjy;
n. har.
expensive adj. gymmat;
adj. gymmatly.
experience n. tejribe;
v. tejribe almak .
experienced n. tejribeli.
experiment n. synag;
n. tejribe;
n. barlag.
experiment (scientific) n. alymlyk tejribe.
expert n. ekspert(r);
n. hnrmen;
adj. terjibeli;
adj. ussat.
expertise n. ussatlyk;
n. hnr;
n. kdelik
expiration n. mhlet.
expire v. mhleti gemek;
v. wagty gemek.
explain v. dndirmek.
explanation n. dndiri.
explode v. armak.
exploration n. gzleg.
explorer n. barlagy.
explosion n. partlama;
n. arylma.
explosives n. partlajy maddalar.
export n. eksport(r);
v. daary urda ykarmak;
v. eksport etmek.
expose v. stni amak;
v. talamak.
examine expose
English Turkmen 38
F f
fabric n. mata.
face n. z;
n. ahsyet;
n. adam;
n. abra;
n. tarapy;
v. duumak (zbe z);
v. bakyp durmak;
v. nde durmak.
faceted adj. taraplayn.
facing n. ilik (eikde).
facility n. eillik;
n. asatlyk;
n. mmkinilik;
n. amatly ert;
n. aratynlyk.
fact n. fakt (r);
n. hakykat;
n. mysal.
factory n. krhana;
n. zawod (r);
n. fabrika(r).
faculty n. fakultet (r);
n. blm.
fade v. mek;
v. solmak.
fail v. ykylmak (synagdan);
v. owsuz bolmak.
failure n. ugruna bolmazlyk;
n. owsuzlyk.
faint adj. gowak;
adj. gji gaan;
v. amak;
v. gowamak.
fair n. satuw;
n. bazar;
n. sergi;
adj. adalatly;
adj. ugurda;
adj. ynsaply;
adj. ayk rek;
adj. owadan;
adj. ep-esli;
adj. arassa.
fairy tale n. erteki.
faith n. ynam;
n. din;
n. wepalylyk;
n. wada;
n. lebiz.
faithful adj. wepaly.
faithfulness n. wepalylyk.
fake adj. galp;
adj. alan;
n. jgi.
falcon n. layn.
fall n. ykylma.
fall (season) n. gz.
fall apart v. dargamak.
fall behind v. yza galmak.
fall down v. ykylmak;
v. gamak.
fall [fell, fallen] v. gamak.
fall (i.e. precipitation) v. agmak.
fall in love v. ayk bolmak.
fall into a trap v. duzaga dmek.
fall out v. gopmak.
fall out (i.e. teeth) v. dmek.
express v. bildirmek;
v. aan etmek;
v. alatmak.
express (fast) adj. gyssagly;
adj. ekspress (r).
expression n. alatma.
expression (fixed) n. alatma (durnukly).
exquisite adj. tsin;
adj. aratyn;
adj. serek;
adj. ajayp.
extend v. ekmek;
v. uzaltmak;
v. uzatmak.
extend to (to reach) v. uzatmak.
extension n. uzaltmaklyk.
exterior n. da taraby;
n. da kepi;
n. daky grni;
external adj. daary.
extinction n. me;
n. snme;
n. gutarma;
n. er znden itme
(meselem: hawanlary
grni).
extinguish v. sndrmek.
extortion n. mejbur edip alma;
n. gorkuzyp alma;
n. zor bilen alma.
extra adj. artyk;
adj. artykma;
n. gomaa.
extract v. ykarmak.
extramarital adj. nikasyz.
extraordinary adj. adatdan daary.
extravagant adj. tgeik;
adj. ge;
adj. endenaa.
extremely adj. adatdan daary;
adv. akdanaa;
adj. juda;
adj. has;
adv. rn.
eye n. gz.
eyebrow n. ga.
eyeglasses n. nek.
eyelash n. kirpik.
eyelid n. gabak.
eyesight n. gr;
n. gr gji;
My eyesight is good n. Gzm gowy grr.
express fall out
English Turkmen 39
fallen v. fall iligini ten
zaman grni.
fallow land adj. bo medan;
adj. bo er.
false (artificial) adj. galp;
adj. emeli;
adj. asama;
adj. hakyky dl.
false (incorrect) adj. ndogry.
fame n. mehurlyk;
n. hratlylyk;
n. tanymalyk.
familiar adj. tany.
family n. magala.
family tree n. ejere;
n. nesil agajy.
famine n. alyk.
famous adj. belli;
adj. mehur;
adj. atly;
adj. tanymal.
famous (become) v. tanalmak;
v. mehur bolmak.
fan (i.e. for cooling) n. wentilator (r).
fan (i.e. sports fan) n. janker;
n. mudak.
fan club n. jankyerler kluby.
fancy adj. hyally;
adj. gz ne getirilen
n. nz;
v. hyal etmek;
v. halamak;
v. gz e getirmek.
fantasize v. hyal etmek;
v. gz nne getirmek.
fantastic adj. ajayp;
adj. rn gowy.
fantasy n. bolmajak zat;
n. fantastika (r).
far adj. da;
adj. uzak.
far side prep. ary baynda.
farm n. dahan hojalygy;
n. ferma (r).
farmer n. dahan.
farming n. ekeranylyk.
farrier n. naly.
farsi n. pars dilli;
n. para.
fart v. porsatmak;
v. osurmak.
fascinate v. tsin galdyrmak.
fascinate oneself v. tsin galmak.
fascinated adj. jadylanan;
adj. dogalanan;
adj. haran galan.
fascination n. tsinlik;
n. akymlylyk;
n. mhirlilik;
n. mylaymlylyk.
fascinating adj. grkana;
adj. grmego;
adj. gzel;
adj. mhirli;
adj. akymly.
fashion n. biw;
n. moda (r).
fashion show n. moda sergisi.
fashionable adj. dwrebap biwli;
adj. moda (r).
fast adj. alt;
adv. tiz;
v. agyz beklemek.
fast food n. taar nahar;
n. tiz biiriln nahar.
fast food restaurant n. garbanyhana.
fasten v. birledirmek;
v. damak;
v. trmek;
v. ildirmek.
fasten (i.e. a belt) v. ildirmek.
fat adj. semiz;
adj. iik;
adj. tokga.
fatal adj. gutulyp gayp bol-
maan;
adj. lm howply;
adj. lmli.
fate n. kysmat;
n. takdyr;
n. azgyt;
n. ykbal.
fateful adj. nesibeli;
adj. takdyra bagly;
adj. agytly.
father n. kaka;
n. ata;
n. dde.
Fathers Day n. kakalar gni;
n. ddeler gni.
fatherland n. Ata-Watan;
n. Watan.
fatigue n. adawlyk.
fatten (i.e. a cow) v. bakmak;
v. semretmek.
fatty adj. semiz.
faucet n. suw krany.
fault n. gn;
n. azyk.
faulty adj. alan;
adj. gnli;
adj. kem.
favor n. ardam;
n. howandarlyk;
v. e grmek;
v. howandarlyk etmek.
favorite adj. gowy grln;
adj. sln.
fax n. faks.
fax machine n. faks apparaty.
fear n. gorky;
v. gorkmak.
fearless adj. gaduwsyz;
adj. batyr.
fallen fearless
English Turkmen 40
feast n. dabara;
n. agala;
n. to.
feat n. edermenlik;
n. gahrymanylyk.
feather n. elek.
feathers n. per.
feature n. hsiet;
n. hil;
n. aratynlyk;
v. bir zadyn esasy blegi
bolmak.
February n. fewral (r).
fed (to be) v. naharlanmak.
fed up adj. doan;
adj. adaw;
adj. bizar;
v. bizar bolmak;
v. domak.
federation n. federasia.
fee n. nyrh.
fee (for a) adj. tleg.
feed [fed, fed] v. imitlendirmek;
v. naharlamak.
feed (for animals) n. im.
feed stock n. tialyk.
feel [felt, felt] v.dumak;
v. syzmak.
feel [felt, felt] (i.e. an v. dumak.
emotion or touch)
feel at home id. zi arkayn dumak.
feel guilty v. mnrgemek.
feeling n. dugy.
fell v. fall iligini ten
zaman grni.
fellow n. igit
n. dost;
n. olda.
fellowship n. oldalyk;
n. dostluk;
n. jemgyet;
n. ylmy derew ileri
geirmek in hak.
felt v. feel iligini ten
zaman grni.
female animal adj. urkay hawan.
female cousin (if fathers n. gyz dogan;
are brothers) n. aal dogan.
females (women and girls) n. aal magala;
n. zenanlar.
fence n. amana;
n. haat.
fender n. bufer.
ferment n. hamyr tury;
v. ajamak;
v. (hamyr) almak;
v. (gatyk) uamak.
fertile n. mes (er);
adj. ba (toprak);
adj. hasylly.
ferry n. asy dpli gmi;
n. parom (r).
fertile adj. hasylly.
fertile (woman) adj. aga doguran (aal).
fertilizer n. dkn.
festival n. baramylyk.
feud n. dawa;
n. jenjel.
fever n. gyzzyrma;
n. tme.
fever (to have a) v. gyzgyny galmak.
few adj. az.
few (a few) n. birne.
fiber n. sm.
fiction n. eper eser.
field n. medana;
n. medan.
field (of study) n. ugur.
fifteen n. on b.
fifty num. elli.
fig n. injir.
fight [fought, fought] n. gre;
n. uru;
n. swe;
v. urumak;
v. gremek;
v. swemek.
fighter n. urujy;
n. sweiji.
figurative adj. gme.
figure n. san;
n. syrat;
v. pikir etmek;
v. tmek.
file (i.e. on the computer) n. bukja;
n. papka(r); n. kartoteka(r).
filet n. jylka et.
fill v. gapgarmak;
v. doldurmak.
fill up v. doldurmak.
film n. film(r);
n. kino(r).
film (photographic film) n. plonka(r).
film-maker n. kino rejisory.
film star n. kino yldyzy.
filter n. szg;
n. filtr;
v. szmek.
filth n. kir;
n. hapa;
n. harabaylyk.
filthy adj. kirli;
adj. pis.
filtrate v. arassalamak.
filtration n. arassalanay;
n. szgden geirme;
n. filtrden geirme.
final adj. sonky.
finalize v. tamam bolmak;
v. tamamlamak;
v. soky dzedileri
girizmek.
finally adv. ahyrynda;
adv. ahyry.
finance v. malieledirmek.
finances n. malie.
financial adj. malie;
adj. pul;
feast financial
English Turkmen 41
adj. finans (r).
find [found, found] v. tapmak.
find out v. ayrmak;
v. bilmek.
fine adj. agy;
adj. birkemsiz;
adj. ine (i);
adj. iti;
v. owratmak;
v. arassalamak (spirt).
intj. bolar.
fine (beautiful) adj. ajayp.
fine arts n. eperilik.
fine (i.e. finely ground) adj. ownuk.
fine (penalty) n. jerime.
fine (to pay a ~) v. jerime bermek.
finely ground adj. klke.
finger n. eli barmagy.
fingernail n. dyrnak (eli ).
finish v. bolmak;
v. gutarmak;
v. tamamlamak;
v. solamak.
finish line (lit. and fig.) n. pelle(hana).
fir n. ara agajy grni.
fire n. ot [o:t];
n. angyn.
fire (i.e. from a job) v. boatmak;
v. iden ykarmak.
fire engine n. angyn mayny.
fireman n. angyn sndriji adam.
fireplace n. ojak.
firewood n. odun.
fireworks n. feerwerk (r);
n. salut (r).
firm n. krhana;
n. firma(r);
adj. ykjam.
first adj. ilkinji;
adv. ilki;
num. birinji.
first aid n. ilkinji kmek;
n. tiz kmek.
first class (flight) adj. birinji klas.
first class (quality) adj. birinji sort;
adj. okary hilli.
fish n. balyk.
fisherman n. balyky.
fishing n. balyk tutmak.
fissure n. at.
fist n. umruk.
fit adj. berk bedenli;
adj. sagdyn;
adj. aramly.
fit [fit/fitted, fit/fitted] v. sygmak.
fit (i.e. clothes) v. gelimek.
fit together v. sygymak;
v. bilelikde erledirmek.
fitness training n. trgnleik.
five num. b.
fix v. bejermek;
v. abatlay ileri etmek;
v. remont etmek (r).
flag n. badak.
flame n. alyn.
flamingo n. gyzylaak.
flank (of a person or animal) n. bwr;
n. gapdal.
flash n. alpyldy.
flashback n. gemie nazar salma.
flashlight n. fonar (r);
n. yra;
n. agtylyk.
flat adj. asy;
adj. dz.
n. .
flatmate n. bir de goy bolan
adam/aal.
flatten v. gneltmek;
v. tekizlemek;
v. dzlemek.
flattened adj. epbeik.
flatter v. aranmak.
flatterer n. aranja.
flavor n. tagam;
n. hobo s.
flea n. bit;
n. bre.
flee [fled, fled] v. boamak;
v. gamak;
v. gaa durmak;
v. gayp gitmek.
flew v. fly iligini ten
zaman grni.
flexibility n. itilik;
n. eelik.
flexible adj. ee;
adj. iti.
flexible (to be) (fig.) v. agdalamak.
flight (i.e. airline flight) n. res(r);
n. uu.
flight (i.e. to flee) n. gagynlyk.
flight attendant n. stuardessa (r).
fling v. topulmak;
v. zymak.
fling open [flung, flung] v. serpmek.
flint n. akmak day.
flip a coin v. bije atmak;
v. okary zymak.
flirt v. nz etmek;
v. nzirgemek.
flirtation n. nz-kerem.
flirtatious adj. nzli.
floating adj. suwda zn.
flock n. sri;
n, topar (gu).
flog v. samak;
v. tankytlamak.
flood n. dagyn [da:gyn];
n. jogun;
n. sil;
v. suw almak;
v. suw basmak.
floor n. pol (r);
n. yer.
floor (story) n. eta(r);
n. gat.
floppy adj. salpy.
find floppy
English Turkmen 42
florist n. gl satyjy;
n. gli.
flour n. un.
flow n. akym;
v. akmak.
flow down v. inmek.
flower n. gl.
flown v. fly iligini ten
zaman grni.
flu n. dmew;
n. sowuklama;
n. grip(r).
fluent adj. suw aly;
adj. erkin;
adj. manyly.
fluently adv. durman.
fluff n. elek.
fluffy adj. umak.
fluid n. suwuklyk.
fluorescent adj. elektromagnit
tolkunlaryny aradyan.
fly n. siek.
fly [flew, flown] v. umak.
flyer n. bildiri kagyzy;
n. reklama kagyzy.
foal n. taanak;
n. tahar.
foam n. kprjek.
focal point n. mhm i;
n. wajyp i;
n. esasy ns beriln i.
focus n. merkez;
n. esasy s;
v. ns bermek;
v. jemlemek.
v. gnkdirmek.
fog n. duman;
n. mr.
foggy adj. dumanly;
adj. mrli.
foggy (to become) v. mezlemek.
fold v. eplemek.
folder n. bukja.
folk n. halk.
folk belief n. halk ynamy;
n. yrym.
folk music n. halk sazy.
folklore n. folklor (r);
n. halk dredijiligi .
follow v. yzarlamak;
v. yzyny eermek;
v. yzyna dmek.
follow (i.e. rules) v. berja etmek.
follow in someones footsteps v. yzyny eermek;
v. yzarlamak.
follow orders v. berja etmek.
followed (to be) v. yzarlanmak.
follower n. girt;
n. okuwy.
following adv. yzy bilen;
adv. yzarlap.
fondness n. gadyr;
n. mhir.
food n. nahar;
n. iim.
food poisoning n. imit zherlenmesi;
n. iagyry.
food processor n. imit kesn enjam.
fool n. samsyk;
n. akmak;
n. tentek;
v. samsyklamak;
v. allamak.
foolish adj. akmak;
adj. akylsyz;
adj. tentek.
foolishness n. akmaklyk.
foot n. aak;
n. daban;
n aagu;
n. r;
n. fut (leg birligi= 30.48 cm);
v. remek;
v. basmak;
v. yzarlamak.
foot (i.e. of a mountain) n. dagy etegi.
football n. futbol(r).
foothill n. dagyn etegi.
footpath n. pyada oly;
n. oda.
footprint n. yz.
footwear n. aakgap.
for prep. in.
forbid v. gadagan etmek.
forbidden adj. gadagan.
forbidden (by the Koran) adj. haram.
force n. g;
n. zarp;
n. zorluk.
force field n. elektromagnit medany.
force (force someone to v. mejbur etmek;
do something) v. zorluk bile etdirmek;
v. zorlamak.
force (physical) n. g.
forced adj. nala;
adj. mejbury.
ford (on a river) n. gzer;
n. sa.
forecast n. aklama;
n. maglumat;
n. howa maglumaty;
v. nunden habar bermek
v. i atmak.
forecaster n. howany adany;
n. howa maglumat dni;
n. ni biln adam;
n. geljekde boljak zatlary
aklaan ylmy igr.
forefather n. ata-baba.
forehead n. mala.
foreign adj. et;
adj. daary;
adj. daary urtly;
adj. at.
foreign country n. daary urt.
foreigner n. gelmiek;
adj. daary urtly.
foresee v. den grmek.
florist foresee
English Turkmen 43
foresight n. den grjilik.
forest n. jeel;
n. tokay (r).
forever n. mrlk;
n. hemielik;
n. mydamalyk;
adv. elmydama;
adv. hemie.
forget [forget, forgotten] v. atdan ykmak.
v. unutmak;
v. atdan yk(ar)mak.
forgetful adj. atdan ykaragan;
adj. husyz;
adj. unudagan.
forgive [forgave, forgiven] v. bagylamak;
v. geirmek;
v. gnni gemek.
forgiveness n. tn.
forgiving adj. geirimli.
fork n. drtg;
n. wilka(r);
n. arak.
fork (i.e. in a road) n. atryk.
form (develop) v. dremek;
v. dretmek;
v. emele gelmek;
v. dzmek;.
form (shape) n. ekil;
n. durk;
n. forma(r);
v. ekile getirmek.
form (year in school) n. synp;
n. klas (r).
formal adj. resmi.
formation (i.e. for marching) n. nyzam.
former adj. ki.
fort n. gala.
fortnight n. iki hepde.
forthright adj. gnmel.
fortress n. gala.
fortunate adj. nesibeli;
anj. owly.
fortunately adv. hern;
id. nme bolsa;
id. hudaa kr.
fortune teller n. bilgi;
n. paly.
fortune telling n. pal.
forty num. kyrk.
forum n. forum(r).
forward adv. ileri;
adv. e;
adv. ;
adj. e baran;
adj. nden aladasyny
edn;
v. ugratmak;
v. tizledirmek.
forward (ie. to send) v. ugratmak.
forwards adv. e.
fossil n. magdanly;
adj. gazylyk alynan;
adj. kne;
adj. gadymy.
found v. esaslandyrmak;
v. esas tutmak;
v. balamak;
v. find iligini ten
zaman grni.
found (i.e. an organization) v. dretmek;
v. esaslandyrmak.
founded (i.e. the city) v. gurulmak.
foundation n. dp;
n. esas;
n. gurama.
fountain n. fontan;
v. ogdurylyp ykmak.
four num. drt.
fourteen n. on drt.
fourth adj. drdnji.
fox n. tilki.
fraction (in arithmetic) n. drob;
n. blek;
n. dwk.
fracture (itself) v. dwlmek;
fracture (another) v. dwmek.
fractured adj. dwk;
adj. jaryk;
adj. blnen.
fragile adj. nzik;
adj. dwlje.
fragile (of a person) id. adj. nzik;
adj. gowak.
France n. Fransia.
frank adj. dogruyl;
adj. ayk.
freckle n. menek.
free adj. azat;
adj. garasyz.
adj. erkin.
free (free of charge) adj. mugt.
free (set) v. azat etmek.
free time n. bo wagt;
n. iden bo wagty.
freedom n. azatlyk;
n. erk;
n. erkinlik.
freedom (gain) v. azatlyk gazanmak.
freely adj. a-aan;
adv. erkana.
freeze [froze, frozen] v. domak;
v. gatamak.
freezing adj. doduran;
adj. gaty sowuk.
freight n. k;
v. klemek.
French adj. fransuz;
n. fransuza;
n. fransuz dilli.
french fries n. agda gowrulan kartoka;
n. kartoka fri.
frequency n. ygylyk.
frequent adj. ygy.
frequently adv. ygy-ygydan;
adv. kplen.
fresco n. nakgalyk sungaty.
fresh (produce) adj. ter.
fresh (air) adj. arassa.
foresight fresh
English Turkmen 44
fresh flower n. terje gl.
fret v. poslamak;
v. srtlmek;
v. alada gomak;
v. gahar getirmek;
v. bulamak;
fret (of a musical instrument) n. he;
n. sazlayk.
friction n. srtlme.
Friday n. Anna gni;
n. Juma gni.
friend n. dost.
friend (when two girls n. jora;
are friends) n. boda.
friendly adj. dostlukly;
adj. mylakatly.
friendship n. agzybirlik;
n. dostluk.
frighten v. gorkuzmak.
frightened (to be) adj. gorkan;
adj. tisginen;
adj. rken;
v. rkmek;
v. gorkmak.
frightening adj. gorkun.
fringe (i.e. on clothes) n. seek.
frog n. gurbaga.
from adv. dan, den.
front adj. i;
adj. malay;
n. ileri.
front (in) adv. de.
front (inof) adv. mala.
prep. nde.
front side of n. mala;
n. i.
frost n. aaz;
n. doaklyk;
n. gyraw.
froth (especially on al) n. agaran.
froze v. freeze iligini ten
zaman grni.
frozen v. freeze iligini ten
zaman grni.
frozen (lit. and fig.) adj. do.
fruit n. miwe.
frustrated adj. gynanan;
adj. lapy ke;
adj. i akgyn.
frustration n. kgnlik;
n. gagy.
fry v. gowurmak.
frying pan n. sa [sa:];
n. skovoroda (r).
fuel n. angy.
fuel gauge n. angy leji gural.
fuel tank n. angy tankeri.
fulfill v. berja etmek;
v. bitirmek;
v. erine etirmek.
full adj. doly.
full (of food) adj. dok.
full (to be) v. domak.
full year adv. yl boy;
adj. uzakly yl.
fully adv. doly;
adv. btin.
fun n. hezil;
n. atlyk.
fun (have) v. wagty ho geirmek;
v. gyzykly bolmak.
function n. i;
n. etmeli i (wezipe
bouna);
n. dabaraly agam;
n. bor;
n. nietlenme;
v. i bitirmek;
v. erine etirmek.
fund n. fond (r);
n. gazna;
v. malieledirmek.
fundamental adj. esasy;
adj. dp;
adj. dpli.
fundamentally adj. esasy.
funeral n. jalama.
funeral parlour n. jalamak hyzmatlaryny
edan edara.
funnel n. gugu.
funny adj. glkn.
funny story n. glkn waka.
fur n. stk;
n. t.
furious adj. aryjy;
adj. gaty gaharly.
furnace n. pe (r).
furniture n. mebel (r);
n. golary;
n. aga-uga.
furthermore conj. zge;
conj. bagasa;
conj. onu dayndan.
fuselage n. uaryn korpusy.
futile adj. netijesiz;
ad. biderek.
futile (to be) v. pu bolmak.
future adj. geljekki;
n. geljek;
n. gelejek.
G g
gad-fly n. teneir.
gadget n. mehaniki enjam.
gadgetry n. mehaniki ay-sepler;
n. gurallar.
gaily adv. atlykly;
adv. hezil.
gain v. almak;
v. gazanmak;
n. artykmalyk;
n. peda.
gain weight v. agralmak;
v. agram artdyrmak;
fresh flower gain weight
English Turkmen 45
gait generosity
v. semremek.
gait n. ri;
n. rei.
galaxy n. galaktika (r).
gale n. apy-tupan.
gallant adj. sypay;
adj. mylaym;
adj. umak.
gallbladder n. t haltasy.
gallery n. serge;
n. galerea (r).
gallows n. dar;
v. asyp ldrmek.
galosh n. kalo.
gallstone n. d day.
gamble n. humar ony;
v. humar onamak.
game n. oun.
gang n. banda;
n. garakylar topary;
n. talaylar;
n. jenayatylar.
gangrene n. gangrena(r).
gangster n. garaky;
n. talay.
gap n. boluk;
n. ayklyk;
n. deik;
n. ara
n. kemilik;
n. etmezilik.
gape v. pallamak;
v. agzyny ayp seretmek.
v. ge galmak.
garage n. gara (r).
garbage n. hapa;
n. galyndy;
n. zir-zibil.
garbage can n. hapa salynan bedre;
n. hapa salynan gap.
garden n. bag;
n. bakja;
n. bossan.
gardener n. bagban.
gargle v. bokurdagy akamak.
garment n. eik;
n. egin-eik;
n. geim;
n. geim-gejim;
n. lybas.
garlic n. sarymsak.
gas n. gaz.
gas (gasoline) n. angy;
n. benzin (r).
gas well n. gaz skwainasy(r).
gas station n. angy guulan er;
n. zaprawka (r).
gasoline n. benzin(r).
gasp v. demikmek;
v. halamak;
v. hopukmak
n. howa etmezlik.
gastrectomy n.agazany kesip ayrmak;
n. gastroektomia.
gastric adj. agazan;
adj. agazana degili.
gastric acid n. agazan turusy.
gastric ulcer n. agazan arasy.
gastrointestinal bleeding n. agazan-iegede gan
akma.
gastrointestinal tract n. agazan-iege oly.
gate n. derweze;
n. gapysy.
gather v. jemlemek.
gather (i.e. people intransitive) v. ygnanmak.
gather (i.e. people transitive) v. ygnamak;
v. ygmak.
gather (people or things) v. rmek;
v. mek.
gather (pick up) v. plemek;
v. ygmak.
gather (to pile) v. toplamak;
v. rmek.
gathering n. mele;
n. ygyndy;
n. ygym;
n. toplama.
gathering (of people) n. oturlyyk;
n. ygnak.
gauze n. hasa [ha:sa].
gave v. ten zaman give.
gay adj. gomoseksual;
adj. at;
adj. adyan.
gaze v. dikanlap seretmek;
v. sie seretmek;
v. jikerip seretmek;
n. jikerilme.
gazelle n. jeren;
n. keik.
gear n. esbap;
n. gural.
gears n. geiriji.
geese n. gazlar (gu).
gender n. jyns.
gene n. gen.
genealogy n. yky.
general adj. umumy;
adj. adatdaky;
n. general.
general (in) adv. umumy.
generalize v. umumyladyrmak.
generally adv. aslynda;
adv. adata;
adv. adat bouna;
adv. hemie;
adv. umuman.
generation n. arka;
n. nesil.
generation (i.e. of a family) n. nesil.
generic name n. nesilden-nesle gen at;
n. umumy ady;
generic disorder n. genetik bozulmagy;
n. tohum yzarlaan kesel.
generosity n. eli ayklyk;
n. jomartlyk;
n. rehim;
n. rehimdarlyk;
English Turkmen 46
n. agylyk;
n. gwylyk;
n. akgnlilik;
n. mhribanlyk.
generous adj. eli ayk;
adj. rehimdar;
adj. rehimli;
adj. hayr-sahabatly.
generously (to give) v. joup bermek;
v. palamak;
v. palamak.
genetics n. genetika(r).
genial adj. gler uzli;
adj. alak;
adj. gaty zehinli;
adj. rehnetli.
genital herpes n. jyns agzasyny
gabarakly demrewi;
n. jyns agzalaryny uuk-
lary;
n. genital gerpes(r).
genital wart n. jyns kandilomasy;
n. iti uly siil.
genitalia adj. jyns agzalary;
adj. genitalia.
genitive n. eelik dm.
genius n. akyldar;
n. geni(r);
n. uly alym;
adj. zehini gli.
genocide n. genosid(r);
v. tohumy ada milleti
gyrmaklyk.
gentle adj. nzik;
adj. mhirli.
gentleman n. jenap;
n. erkek kii.
genuine adj. hakyky;
adj. ts.
geography n. geografia(r).
geologist n. geolog(r).
geriatric adj. garry;
adj. garran.
geriatrics n. geriatria.
germ n. mikrob(r).
German adj. nemes.
German (language) adj. nemise;
adj. nemes dilli.
German measles n. gyzylja.
Germany n. Germania.
gestation period n. gwrelilik dwri.
gestation age n. aga dogurmaga ukyply
a;
n. nesil ndrmge ukyply
a.
gesture n. m;
n. hereket;
n. jest(r).
gesture (i.e. with ones v. mlemek;
head and eyes) v. beden hereketleri bilen
dnimek.
Get a life! id. N kr bar? z ii
bilen bol.
get along v. oumak.
get at (i.e. the truth) v. bilmek;
v. wrenmek.
get better v. aaga galmak;
v. gowylanymak;
v. gutulmak.
get bigger v. ulalmak.
get (=buy) v. satyn almak.
get by v. wagty bo geirmek.
get down from v. dmek.
get engaged v. adagly bolmak.
get even v. tekizlemek;
v. zlimek.
get (fetch) v. getirmek.
get (for yourself) v. edinmek.
get [got, gotten/got] v. almak;
v. gzi dmek.
get in v. iine girmek.
get married (for a man) v. lenmek.
get married (for a woman) v. durmua ykmak.
get off (i.e. a bus) v. dmek.
get off (i.e. not punished) v. jezadan sypmak.
get off with somebody v. igin gatnamak in
(i.e. at a party) tanymak.
get on v. mnmek.
get out of (i.e. doing something) v. dyndyrmak;
v. dynmak.
get over (i.e. a point in discussion) v. stnden gelmek
get over (recover) v. gutulmak;
v. sagalmak;
v. atdan ykarmak.
(cant) get over (very surprised at) v. haran galmak.
get ready v. tayar bolmak.
get rid of v. sypmak;
v. dynmak;
v. zymak;
v. talamak.
get sick of something v. rege dmek.
get stuck v. eglenmek;
v. saklanmak;
v. gij galmak.
get through (i.e. on the phone) v. jan edip grlemek.
get through (spend) v. harajat etmek;
v. harlamak.
get together n. duuyk;
n. oturylyyk;
n. barlyyk.
get under way v. balamak;
v. ola ykmak.
get up v. turmak;
v. turuzmak.
get up to (reach) v. gowumak.
get up to (i.e. trouble) v. bulamak;
v. alnymak.
get worse v. beterlemek;
v. beterlemek;
v. pese dmek.
get your act together id. zi ele almak.
ghetto n. heri garyp blegi
ghost n. ruh;
n. jyn;
n. arwah.
giardia n. lyamblioz;
n. iagyry;
n. igeme.
generous giardia
English Turkmen 47
giant adj. mhnet;
n. girt uly.
gift n. sowgat.
gift (talent) n. zehin.
gifted adj. zehinli.
gig n. sti ayk ulag;
n. ge sypatly adam;
n. saz konserti;
n. gigabat
giggle v. kikirdemek.
ginger n. zenjebil.
gingivitis n. gingiwit.
gipsy n. sygan.
giraffe n. iraf(r).
girl n. gyz.
girlfriend n. sgli gyz;
n. halaan gyz.
give [gave, given] v. bermek;
v. bermek;
v. gowumak.
give and take id. aly-aly;
id. algy-bergi.
give birth v. agalamak;
v. dogurmak.
give in v. bouk bolmak.
give up v. itirmek;
v. goymak;
v. talamak;
v. utulmak.
given (to be) v. bermek.
glacier n. buzluk.
glad (to be) v. begenmek;
v. at bolmak.
gladness n. begen.
glamorous adj. modaly;
adj. grmege;
adj. gzel.
glance n. nazar.
gland n. mz.
glare v. alarylmak;
n. alpyldy;
v. jikgerip seretmek.
glass n. bulgur(r).
glass (the material) n. ana;
n. e.
glasses n. nek;
n. gz negi.
glassware n. ana nmleri.
glaucoma n. gze garasuw inme
keseli;
n. glaucoma.
gleam n. yyk.
glimpse v. ala grmek.
glider n. eli gji bilen uan
apparat;
n. gayp uan apparat;
n. planer(r).
glitter v. alpyldamak.
global adj. btndn.
globe n. globus(r);
n. er ary.
gloomy adj. kepsiz;
adj. susty pes;
adj. tutuk.
glorify v. hratlandyrmak.
glorious adj. hratly.
glory n. megurlyk;
n. an;
n. dabara.
gloves n. ellik.
glow v. lowurdap anmak.
glucose n. glukoza.
glue n. elim;
n. kle(r);
v. elmedirmek.
glue on v. elmemek.
gnat n. aaky;
n. ybyn.
gnaw v. gemirmek
go back v. yzyna dolanmak;
v. gadyp gelmek;
v. dnmek.
go bad (i.e. food) v. zaalanmak.
go bankrupt v. berg batmak.
go by foot v. pyada remek.
go insane v. dliremek.
go mad v. dliremek;
v. akyl-huy itirmek;
v. akyldan azamak;
v. shne bolmak.
go out (a fire or a light) v. snmek.
go out (i.e. a light) v. mek.
go outside v. daary ykmak.
go rambling v. entemek;
v. gezmek;
v. seran etmek.
go through (continue) v. dowam etmek.
go towards v. tarap remek;
v. emek.
go visiting v. myhmanylyga barmak.
go [went, gone] v. barmak;
v. gitmek;
v. remek.
goal n. maksat.
goal (ambition) n. maksat-myrat.
goal (point) n. gol
goat n. gei.
goatee n. okga sakgal.
gobble v. alt imek;
v. guguldamak;
v. tiz imek.
God n. Huda;
n. Tary.
God bless! intj. Alla alkasyn!
God willing! id. nesip bolsa!
id. Inalla!
id. Alla ol berse!
goggles n. gorag negi.
goiter n. galkan grnli mzi
ulalmagy;
n. zob.
gold n. adj. altyn;
n. adj. tylla;
n. adj. gyzyl.
golf n. golf.
gonad n. jyns mzi;
n. gonada.
gonorrhea n. szenek;
giant gonorrhea
English Turkmen 48
n. gonorea.
good adj. gowy;
adj. oat;
adj. agy;
adj. enay.
good deed n. sogap.
good enough adj. eterlik.
good for you! id. tweleme!
good looking adj. syratly.
Good luck! intj. ii ilerik!
intj. stnlik hemra bolsun!
good luck n. stnlik.
goodbye! id. sag bolu!
id. ho gal!
id. ho!
Good morning! id. Ertiriiz hayrly bolsun!
id. Ertiriiz bilen.
Good natured adj. alak;
adj. adamser.
goodness n. yagylyk.
goodnight! id. gijiz rahat bolsun.
id.sag-aman atyp turu.
goods n. haryt.
goodwill n. hoamalyk;
n. mylaymlyk;
n. alaklyk.
goose n. gaz.
gopher n. alaka.
gorgeous adj. ajayp;
adj. owadan;
adj. tsin.
gossip n. gybat;
n. gep;
n. my-my;
v. gybat etmek.
gossip (the person) n. gybatke;
n. gybaty.
got v. get iligini ten
zaman grni.
gotten v. get iligini ten
zaman grni.
gouge v. omak [o:mak].
gout n. bogun agyry;
n. podagra.
govern v. dolandyrmak.
governess n. aal hkim.
government n. dwlet;
n. hkmet.
grab v. gysymlamak;
v. garbap almak.
grace n. grmegelik.
grade (mark) n. baha.
grade (slope) n. basganak;
n. apgyt;
n. dereje;
n. dwr;
n. synp.
grade (year in school) n. klas(r);
n. synp.
gradually adv. az-azdan;
adv. kem-kemden;
adv. yzygiderli.
graduate n. uurym;
v. tamamlamak.
graduate student n. aspirant(r).
graft n. kesip oturtma;
n. transplantasia.
graft(to graft) v. kesip oturtmak;
v. transplantasia etmek.
grain n. galla;
n. dne.
grain (i.e. wheat) n. dne.
grain products n. dne nmleri.
granary n. ammar.
gram n. gram(r).
grammar n. grammatika(r).
grand adj. beik.
grandchild n. agtyk.
grandchildren n agtyklar.
granddaughter n. gyz agtyk.
grandeur adj. belent;
adj. anly.
grandeur adj. rn uly we owadan.
grandfather (fathers father) n. ata.
grandfather (mothers father) n. baba.
grandmother (fathers mother) n. ene.
grandmother (mothers mother) n. mama.
grandparents n. ene-ata;
grandson n. ogul agtyk.
grant (to give) n. malie kmegi;
v. sylag bermek;
v. rugsat bermek;
v. hayy kanagatlandyr-
mak;
grape n. zm.
graph n. yzgy;
n. grafika.
grasp n. gysym;
n. garbap alma.
grasp v. tutup almak.
grass n. ot [ot].
grasshopper n. ekirtge.
grassy adj. otly [otly].
grateful adj. minnetdar.
grater n. gyrgy.
gratitude n. alky;
n. hoallyk;
n. minnetdarlyk;
n. tary alkasyn.
grave n. gr;
n. gabyr;
n. mazar;
n. gonamylyk.
grave (danger) adj. uly.
graves disease n. gipertiroidizm.
gravel n. agyl.
gravestone n. mazar day.
graveyard n. gonamylyk;
n. mazarlyk;
n. wli.
gravitate v. dartylmak.
gravity n. darty.
gray adj. al;
adj. mele.
graze v. degmek;
v. sypyrmak;
v. otlamak [otlamak] (mal).
grease n. ag;
good grease
English Turkmen 49
v. aglamak.
grease (for lubrication) n. mayn agy.
greasy adj. agly.
great adj. belent;
adj. beik.
greatest adj. i beik
great grandchild n. owluk.
greatness n. belentlik;
n. beiklik.
greed n. agzlylyk;
n. bahyllyk;
n. betnebislik;
n. husytlyk;
n. nebis;
n. nebisjelik
n. gysganlyk.
greedy adj. bahyl;
adj. gysgan
adj. husyt.
Greek adj. grek.
green adj. ayl.
green (of plants) adj. gk.
green grocer n. gk satyjy.
greenhouse n. parnik(r);
n. teplisa(r).
greens n. ot.
greet v. salamlamak.
grenade n. granat(r).
grey adj. al;
adj. mele.
grief n. gamgynlyk;
n. gagy;
n. gynan.
grievance n. gwni galmaklyk;
n. ke-kine.
grieve v. gaga batmak;
v. gynanmak.
grim adj. gorkun;
adj. rehimsiz;
adj. zalym.
grin v. ylgyrmak.
grin and bear it id. ylgyryp ydamak.
grill n. daglamak.
grind [ground, ground] v. madalamak;
v. wemek.
grip n. gysma;
v. apymak.
grits n. arma.
groan v. nalamak;
v. iildemek
n. iildi.
grocery store n. azyk harytlar dkany;
n. azyk dkany.
groin n. gasyk.
groom v. ata seretmek/
arassalamak;
v. trgnlemek/taarlamak;
n. atbakar;
n. ylenn igit.
gross adj. semiz;
adj. pet.
ground n. er.
ground meat n. far(r);
n. welen et.
ground (to be) v. welmek.
ground up (to be) v. welmek.
group n. topar;
v. toparlamak.
grow [grew, grown] v. sdrmek;
v. smek;
v. ggermek;
v. idetmek;
v. ulalmak.
grow crops v. ekmek;
v. etidirmek.
growl v. hyrlamak;
v. gprdemek;
v. hrdemek.
grow up v. np smek;
v. erden ykmak.
v. ulalmak.
grow up to be v. etimek.
growth n. s.
grub n. guruk;
n. slpi;
n. eklen;
id. iki barma rek;
v. er gazmak (eklen
in);
v. idirmek.
grudge n. birine gaharly bolmak.
grumble v. hrdemek;
v. kinmek;
v. igenmek;
v. ikaat etmek;
v. arz etmek.
guarantee n. kepillik;
v. kepillendirmek.
guard n. garawul;
n. gorag;
n. saky;
v. goramak.
guard (border) n. serheti.
guardian n. hossar.
guerilla n. partizan (r).
guess n. ak;
n. en;
adv. en bilen;
adv. aklap;
v. ak etmek.
guest n. myhman.
guest speaker n. lektor.
guesthouse n. myhman otagy;
n. myhman ja;
n. myhmanhana.
guide n. gollanma;
v. yzya drmek;
v. e dmek;
v. gezdirmek.
guide book n. salgy beri kitaby;
n. ugrukdyryjy kitaby;
n. sprawonik(r).
guide (tour) n. e dp grkezn
adam;
adj. ola belet.
guided (to be) v. ugur almak.
guilt n. azyk;
n. gn.
grease guilt
English Turkmen 50
guilt (the emotion) n. mn.
guilty adj. gnkr.
guilty (the feeling) adj. mnli.
guitar n. gitar.
gulf n. alag.
gum (chewing gum) n. sakgy.
gum (sticky substance) n. epbik zat.
gummy adj. epbik.
gums (dental) n. dii etleri.
gun n. arag;
n. sapana;
n. tpe;
n. pistolet(r).
gunpowder n. dri.
gush out v. ogdurylmak;
v. ogdurylyp ykmak.
gutter n. ap.
guy n. igit;
n. dost.
gymnastics n. gymnastika(r).
gynecologic adj. ginekologiki;
adj. aala degishli (kesel).
gynecologist n. aal lukmany;
n. ginekolog.
gynecology n. ginekologia.
gypsy n. sygan(r).
H h
habit n. endik;
n. hsiet;
n. gylyk-hsiet.
habit (make aof) n. endik.
habitat n. mesgen;
n. watan.
habitual adj. adaty.
had v. have iligini ten
zaman grni.
haggle v. bahalamak;
n. yrsaramak.
hail n. jwenek;
v. jwenek agmak.
hair n. sa;
n. t.
hair (one strand) n. gyl.
hair dryer n. fen(r).
hairbrush n. darak.
haircut n. sa deleme;
n. saa timar berme.
hairdresser n. gzellik salony (women);
n. delleki (men).
hairy adj. tlek;
adj. salak.
half n. ary;
n. arym.
half-heartedly adv. arym-alta;
adj. gwneja dl;
halfway adj. arty olda.
hall n. ewan;
n. uly ja.
n. zal(r).
hallucination n. gr;
n. gze grnme we ses
gelmegi;
n. gallusinasia(r);
n. hyal.
hallway n. n. koridor(r).
ham n. tss kakadylan douz eti.
hamburger n. gamburger.
hammer n. eki;
v. lemek.
hamster n. gemriji hawan;
hand n. el;
v. uzatmak.
hand down v. weset etmek;
v. miras goymak.
hand in hand adv. el-ele berip;
adv. bile.
hand-me-down adj. ulanylan (eik).
hand out v. palamak;
v. gowurmak;
v. tabyrmak.
hand over v. tabyrmak.
hand towel n. elsprg;
n. polotense.
handbag n. torba;
n. sumka(r).
handicraft n. senet;
n. el ii;
n. hnr.
handful n. gysym;
n. penje.
handkerchief n. el aglyk;
n. aglyk.
handle n. sap [sap];
n. tutawa.
handle (i.e. on a teapot) n. gulp.
handmade adj. elde asalan.
handset n. telefon.
handsome adj. grmege.
handsome (about a face) adj. nurana.
handwriting n. hat.
handy adj. eleter;
adj. pedaly;
adj. kde.
handyman n. ussa.
hang [hung, hung] v. asmak.
hang on v. garamak.
hang out v. dyn almak;
v. gmenmek;
v. rahatlanmak;
v. ykmak.
hang up v. asmak.
hanger n. asylgy;
n. wealka(r).
hangover n. galyndy;
n. melullyk (igiden so).
happen v. bolmak;
v. bar bolmak;
v. bolup gemek;
v. miesser bolmak;
v. miesser etmek.
happen (in the past) v. bolup gemek.
guilt happen
English Turkmen 51
happiness n. begen;
n. atlyk.
happy adj. bagtly;
adj. adyan;
adj.at.
happy (to be) v. begenmek;
v. atlanmak.
happy (to make someone) v. begendirmek;
v. atlandyrmak.
harbor n. gmi duralgasy.
hard adj. gaty;
adj. berk.
adv. alt;
adj. kyn;
adj. agyr.
hard (of a task) adj. kyn.
harden v. berk bolmak;
v. berkemek.
hardly adv. kynylyk bilen;
adv. zordan.
hardware n. mehaniki enjam.
hardware store n. hojalyk harytlary
dkany.
hard-working adj. ieir;
adj. zhmetser.
hardy adj. ydamly;
adj. dzmli.
hare n. towan (abany).
harelip n. towan dodak.
harm (intentional harm) n. hyanat;
n. amanlyk.
harm (intentional or unintentional) n. zyan.
harm (intentionally) v. kast etmek;
v. bilgelein zyan etirmek;
v. bilip etmek.
harm (unintentionally) v. bilmn zyan etirmek.
harmful adj. zyanly.
harmless adj. zyany ok.
harmonious adj. saz.
harmony n. sazlayk.
harsh adj. gdek.
harshly adv. birden;
adv. dudansyz;
adv. curt-kesik.
harvest n. hasyl;
n. ygym;
v. ygmak;
v. ygnamak.
hassle n. kynylyk;
n. bwet;
v. rege dmek;
v. urumak.
haste n. howlukmalyk.
hasty adj. hiwlukma;
adv. howlukmalyk bilen.
hat n. papak;
n. lapa;
n. telpek.
hat (wide-brimmed) n. lapa(r).
hatchet n. palta;
n. pyak;
v. apmak.
hate n. igren;
v. igrenmek.
hateful adj. igrenji.
haughty adj. ulumsy.
haul (haul freight) v. klemek;
v. sremek.
have [had, had] v. bar;
v. bar bolmak.
have a good journey v. gezelenji gowy geirmek;
v. sag-aman gidip gelmek.
have a good time v. wagty gowy geirmek;
v. gowy dyn almak.
have an affair v. smek;
v. halamak;
v. gatnamak;
v. sgi gatnaygynda
bolmak.
have time to kill id. wagt geirmek in
gmenmek.
have to v. ilik+maly/meli.
hawk n. layn;
n. gyrgy;
n elgu.
hay n. bede;
n. saman.
hay stack n. petde;
n. bede.
hazard n. howply agda.
hazardous adj. gorkuly;
adj. howply.
he pro. ol (oglan).
head n. kelle;
n. ba.
head (boss) n. balyk.
head of state n. dwlet batutany.
head to toe (from) adv. bodan-baa.
headache n. kelleagyry.
headband n. bay day.
heading n. ba;
n. depe;
n. makala ady;
n. tarap;
n. ugur.
headline n. szbay.
headquarters n. ba mdirlik;
n. serhetbay.
headscarf n. gya;
n. aglyk.
heal (self) v. bejermek;
v. gutulmak;
v. dzelmek;
v. gowulanmak.
heal (someone else) v. bejermek;
v. sagaltmak;
v. gowulandyrmak;
v. gutuldyrmak;
v. dzetmek.
healer n. tebip.
health n. saglyk;
n. hal-agda;
n. hal-ahwal;
n. amanlyk.
health clinic n. saglyk i;
n. saglyk merkezi.
health freak n. saglygyna ns bern
adam.
happiness health freak
English Turkmen 52
hook on v. ilmek.
hope n. tama;
n. umyt;
v. tama etmek;
v. umyt etmek.
hopeful adj. umytly.
hopeless adj. umytsyz.
hopelessness n. umytsyzlyk.
horizon n. gzetim.
horizontal n. gorizontal(r);
n. kese.
hormone n. gormon.
horn n. ah [ah].
horn (car horn) n. signal.
horn (musical) n. gudok.
hornless adj. ahsyz.
horrible adj. aylgan;
adj. elhen;
adj. gorkun;
adj. aramaz.
horror n. gorky;
n. aylganlyk;
n. elhenlik.
horse n. at [at];
n. bedew;
n. aby.
horse race n. at apyyk.
horse riding n. at apmak.
horse shoe n. nal.
horse trainer n. seis.
horse breeding n. atylyk.
horseman n. apyksuwar.
horseradish n. iri aprakly, iiln ajy ot;
n. hren(r).
hose n. lang.
hospice n. gonalga;
n. delge;
n. atakhana;
n. umumy aay ja
(talyplar in).
hospitable adj. myhmanser.
hospital n. hassahana;
n. gospital(r);
n. keselhana.
hospitality n. myhmanserlik.
host n. ee;
n. hojayn;
n. eesi;
v. kabul etmek.
hostage n. esir.
hostel n. alar atakhanasy.
hostess n. hojayn;
n. eesi.
hostility n. dumanylyk.
hot (i.e. liquids, food) adj. gyzgyn.
hot (i.e. weather) adj. yssy.
hot (spicy) adj. ajy.
hot (to be) v. yssylamak;
v. gyzmak.
hotel n. myhmanhana;
n. otel(r).
hotel room n. nomer(r);
n. myhmanhanada otag.
hothouse n. parnik(r);
n. teplisa(r).
hound n. tazy;
v. kowalamak;
v. yzarlamak.
hour n. sagat [sa:gat].
house n. ;
n. tam;
n. ja.
house, building n. ja.
house of health n. saglyk i;
n. saglyk merkezi.
house-warming n. ja toy;
n. tam to.
household n. hojalyk;
n. ieri.
housewife n. kewany;
n. bikesi;
n. hojalyky.
housework n. ileri.
housing n. ;
n. aay ja.
how qmrk. nhili;
qmrk. ndip.
how are you? id. agdalaryyz nhili?
how far qmrk. ara dalygy ne?
how many qmrk. ne;
qmrk. ne sany.
how much qmrk. ne;
qmrk. neden.
however conj. emma;
conj. her niik;
conj. ele bolsa-da;
conj. ne.
howl v. uwlamak;
v. zrletmek.
hug n. gujak;
v. gujaklamak;
v. gujaklamak.
huge adj. girt;
adj. pet;
adj. mhnet;
adj. uly.
hum n. wazzyldy.
human n. ynsan;
n. adam.
humankind n. ynsanperwerlik.
human rights n. adam hukuklary;
n. ynsan hukuklary.
humaneness n. adamylyk;
n. ynsanperwerlik.
humanitarian adj. gumanitar(r);
adj. ynsanperwer.
humanitarian aid n. ynsanperwer kmegi.
humanitarianism n. adamkrilik.
humanity n. adamzat.
humble adj. sada;
adj. sypay;
adj. asylly;
adj. edepli.
humid adj. ygly.
humidity n. yglyk.
humiliate v. kemsitmek;
v. kieltmek;
v. namysa degmek.
hook on humiliate
English Turkmen 53
humiliated (to feel) v. kemsinmek.
humiliation n. kemsitme;
n. kieltme.
humor n. degime;
n. wilik.
humorous adj. glkli;
adj. glkn.
hundred num. z.
hunger n. alyk.
hungry adj. a.
hungry (to be) v. ajykmak.
hunt n. aw;
v. awlamak.
hunter n. awy.
hunting n. aw;
n. awylyk;
n. gzleg.
hurl v. gc bilen zynmak.
hurricane n. harasat.
hurriedly adv. gyssagly.
hurry n. gyssag;
adv. gyssagly;
adj. howlukma;
v. gyssanmak;
v. howlukmak.
hurt [hurt, hurt] v. agyrmak;
v. agyrtmak;
v. awatmak;
v. aralamak.
hurt (hurt someone else) v. agyrtmak;
v. keletmek;
v. gwne degmek.
hurt oneself (from working) v. marylmak.
husband n. adamsy;
n. olday;
n. ri.
husk n. gabyk;
n. day;
n. harpyk.
hut n. atma.
hydrogen n. wodorod(r).
hygiene n. gigiena;
n. arassaylyk;
n. tmizlik.
hymen n. gyzlyk perdesi.
hymn n. gimn.
hyperactive adj. endenaa ije;
adj. bir erde durmaan.
hypertension n. okarlanan gan basyy.
hypnosis n. gzbagylyk.
hypnotize v. gz baglamak;
n. gipnoz.
hysterical adj. irkin;
adj. erk edip bolmaan;
adj. saklap bolmaan.
I i
I pro. men.
ice n. buz;
adj. do.
ice (a cake) v. torta krem almak.
ice ax n. buz dwn palta.
ice cream n. buz gamak;
n. dodurma.
ice skating n. buzda tamak.
iceberg n. buz dagy.
icily adv. sowuk agdada.
icon (computer) n. alamat.
icon (person) n. gowy grln (aktyor,
adymy, a-da artist.)
icy adj. buzly.
I.D. n. ahadatnama.
idea n. idea(r);
n. pikir;
n. dnje.
ideal adj. i gowusy;
adj. greldeli;
n. maksat.
ideally adv. ran gowy;
adv. artykma.
identical adj. bir meze;
adj. dede;
adj. layk;
adj. de.
identical (to be) v. gabat gelmek.
identification document n. ahsyeti tassyklaan
kagyz;
n. ahadatnama.
identify v. delemek;
v. anyklamak;
v. tassyklamak;
v. tanamak.
identity n. ahsyet;
n. ahsyetlik.
ideological adj. idiologik.
ideology n. ideologia(r).
idiom n. adylan sz;
n. idioma(r).
idiot n. akmak;
n. samsyk.
idle adj. bikr;
adj. isiz;
adj. alta;
adj. netijesiz;
adj. bo;
adj. biderek.
idol n. okunylan adam.
i.e. id. mysal in.
if conj. eger;
conj. -sa/-se.
if not conj. bolmasa;
conj. ogsa.
if only adv. eger-de.
if possible conj. mmkin bolsa.
igloo n. eskimoslaryn buzdan
asalan i.
ignite v. otlamak [o:tlamak].
ignorance n. nadanlyk;
n. bilmezlik;
n. edepsizlik.
ignorant adj. bilmen;
humiliated ignorant
English Turkmen 54
adj. edepsiz;
adj. nadan;
adj. habary bolmadyk;
adj. bihabar.
ignore v. ns bermn gemek;
v. gz ummak;
n. ns bermezlik;
n. dilemezlik;
n. sgermezlik;
v. hasap etmezlik;
v. sgermezlik etmek.
ignore (lack of attention) v. gzden salmak.
ill adj. kesel;
adj. nsag;
adj. syrkaw;
adj. hassa.
ill-behaved adj. gdek.
ill-bred adj. edepsiz;
adj. terbiesiz;
adj. biedep.
ill-tempered adj. gaharjan;
adj. gaharly.
ill (to be) v. nsag bolmak;
v. araman atmak.
ill (to become) v. kesellemek;
v. nsaglamak.
illegal adj. bikanun;
adj. gadagan;
adj. kanunsyz.
Illegitimate adj. kanuna gary;
adj. kanuna layk gel-
men;
adj. aly;
adj. nikasyz;
adj. kadadan daary.
illegitimate (i.e. a son) adj. nikasyz.
illiteracy n. bilimsizlik.
illiterate adj. bilimsiz;
adj. okuwy gutarmadyk;
adj. okuwsyz;
adj. okap-azyp bilmen.
illness n. kesel;
n. arawsyzlyk.
illogical adj. manysyz (biderek).
illuminate v. agtyltmak;
v. yyklandyrmak.
illumination n. hlelendirme;
n. illuminasia(r);
n. agtylatmak.
illustrate v. surat bilen bezemek;
v. surat ekmek.
image n. surat;
n. kep;
n. grn.
imaginary adj. hyaldaky.
imagine v. arzuw etmek;
v. gz ne getirmek;
v. hyyal etmek;
v. aklamak;
v. gman etmek.
imagination n. gz ne getirmeklik.
imam n. ymam.
imbalance n. deagramlylygy bozul-
magy;
n. deagramsyzlyk.
imitate v. knmek;
v. mezetmek;
v. yzyndan gatalamak.
imitation n. knme;
n. mezetme.
immaculate adj. arassa;
adj. abraly;
adj. eksiz;
adj. birkemsiz.
immature adj. bimedik;
adj. etimedik;
adj. ;
adj. aga;
adj. kemala gelmedik;
adj. ggele.
immaturity n. alyk;
n. agalyk.
immeasurable adj. ksiz;
adj. ensiz.
immediate adj. haal etmn;
adj. gni.
immediately adv. birbada;
adv. dessine;
adv. haal etmn;
adv. badabat;
adv. derrew.
immediately after adv. edil yzyndan.
immense adj. legsiz;
adj. girt uly;
adj. soy bolmadyk.
immigrant n. gp gelen;
n. gelmiek;
n. immigrant(r).
imminent adj. akyn;
adj. hkman;
adj. akyn wagtda boljak;
adj. gutulgysyz.
immoral adj. naynsap;
adj. ahlaksyz;
adj. edepsiz;
adj. bozuk.
immortal adj. hemielik;
adj. murlik.
immortalize v. ebediledirmek;
v. mdimiledirmek.
immune adj. kesel okmaz.
immunity n. kesel okmazlyk;
n. kesele gary durmak
ukyby;
n. immunitet(r);
n. aratyn hukuklylyk
(diplomat).
immunization n. sanjym;
n. immunizasia(r).
immunize v. keseli nni almak;
v. sanjym etmek.
impact n. tsir;
n. effekt(r).
v. tsir etmek.
impartial adj. z grmezlik;
adj. adalatly.
impatience n. sabyrsyzlyk;
n. ydamsyzlyk.
ignore impatience
English Turkmen 55
impatient adj. bikarar;
adj. ydamsyz;
adj. sabyrsyz;
adj. bigarat.
impel v. e iteklemek;
v. sremek.
impenetrable adj. etip bolmaan
(maksat);
adj. (howa) geirmen;
adj. dnksiz;
adj.gz etirip bolmaan;
adj. eletmez.
imperative adj. hkm ediji;
adj. buruk beriji;
adj. wajyp;
adj. mhm;
adj. derways.
imperitive form n. buruk formasy.
implement v. amala ayrmak;
v. erine etirmek.
implore v. albarmak;
v. dilemek.
impolite adj. biedep;
adj. edepsiz;
adj. gdek;
adj. terbiesiz.
import v. daary urtdan getirmek;
v. import etmek.
importance n. mhmlik;
n. zerurluk;
n. hmiet.
important adj. mhum;
adj. wajyp.
impossible adj. bolmaan;
adj. mmkin dl.
imprecise adj. takyk dal;
adj. anyk dal;
adj. dogry dl.
impress v. tsir galdyrmak;
v. ynandyrmak;
v. yrmak.
impressed adj. tsir galdyryjy;
adj. tsirli.
impression n. tsir;
n. yz.
imprison v. tussaga salmak;
v. trm basmak.
improve v. gowulamak;
v. gowulandyrmak;
v. gowulamak;
v. kmilledirmek;
v. kmillemek;
v. oatlamak.
improve (oneself) v. gowulanmak.
improve (i.e. a city, a house) v. abadanladyrmak.
improve (i.e. a situation) v. dzetmek.
improve (i.e. after an illness) v. gutulmak.
improved adj. gowulandyrlan.
improvement n. gowulandyrma.
improvise v. howul-hara taar-
lamak;
v. taarlyksyz etmek.
in adv. iinde;
adv. iine;
prep. ieri;
prep. -da/de.
in bulk adj. kp mukdarda.
in common id. baglanyykly;
prep. bilelikde.
in fact adv. hakykatdan;
adv. dogrudan.
in front of prep. nnde.
in spite of id. garamazdan.
in the corner prep. burda.
in the meantime id. ol wagtda;
id. ol aralykda.
in the middle prep. ortada.
in the way (to be) v. de duran bwet bol-
mak.
inactive adj. hereketsiz;
adj. ijen dl;
adj. tsirsiz.
inappropriate adj. erliksiz;
adj. geliksiz.
inattentive adj. nssz.
incapable adj. ukybsyz.
incident n. hadysa;
n. waka.
incisor n. alyn di.
incite (incite someone) v. kgrmek;
v. jkdirmek.
incline v. egilmek.
inclined adj. hyally;
adj. isleg bildirn;
adj. egilik edn;
iadj. eglen.
include v. z iine almak;
v. ybarat bolmak.
inclusive adj. dzminde bolan;
adj. iine salan.
incoherent adj. baglanyyksyz.
income n. girdeji.
incompetence n. bilmezlik.
incompetent adj. emelsiz.
incompetent (helpless) person n. ysnat;
adj. gowak.
incomplete adj. tamamlanmadyk;
adj. gutarylmadyk.
inconsistent adj. birsydyrgyn dl;
adj. yzygiderli dl;
adj. baglanykly dl;
adj. tertipsiz.
incontinence n. tertipsizlik;
n. manysyzlyk.
inconvenience n. oasyzlyk;
n. bijalyk.
inconvenient adj. amatsyz;
adj. bija.
incorrect adj. ndogry;
adj. aly.
incorrigible adj. kelesa;
adj. dzelmejek.
increase (i.e. quality) v. okarlanmak;
v. okarlandyrmak.
increase (i.e. quantity) v. begeltmek.
increase (i.e. done by self) v. begelmek;
v. kpeltmek.
increase (i.e. quantity or quality) v. artmak;
impatient increase
English Turkmen 56
v. artdyrmak;
v. kpelmek.
increase (i.e. volume) v. gataltmak;
v. ses bermek.
incredibly adv. juda;
adv. rn;
adv. gaty;
adv. akyla sygmajak;
adj. heniz grlp-
eidilmedik.
incurable adj. bejerip bolmaan.
indeed adv. asla;
ad. hakykatdan.
indefatigable adj. adawsyz.
indefinite adj. nmlim;
adj. belli dl.
indefinite pronoun n. nmlim alyma.
independence n. garasyzlyk.
independent adj. garasyz.
indestructible adj. sarsmaz;
adj. bozulmaz;
adj. berk;
adj. mkm;
adj. pugta.
index n. grkeziji.
index finger n. sem barmak.
India n. Hindistan.
Indian (i.e. from India) adj. hindi.
Indian (Native American) adj. inde.
indication n. alamat;
n. belgi;
n. bellik;
n. grkezme;
n. nyan.
indifference n. biperwalyk;
n. perhasyzlyk
n. sgermezlik.
indifferent adj. biparh;
adj. biperwa;
adj. parhsyz;
adj. perwasyz.
indigestion n. ieni simezligi;
indirect object n. gytak doldurgy.
indirectly adv. alawly.
indiscretion n. tiasyzlyk;
n. edepizlik.
individual adj. eke;
adj. ahsy;
n. ahsyet.
indivisible adj. blnmen.
indomitable adj. eilmez;
adj. erjel;
adj. tutanerli;
adj. zdienli;
adj. kesir.
indoors adv. jada;
adv. ierde;
adv. ieri.
indulge v. yz bermek.
industrialize v. senagatladyrmak;
v. senagaty sdrmek.
industry n. senagat.
inedible adj. iilmeyan;
adj. iip bolmaan.
ineffective adj. netijesiz.
inequality n. desizlik;
n. haksyzlyk.
inescapable adj. alasyz;
adj. biala
adj. gayp gutulyp bol-
maan.
inexpensive adj. arzan;
adj. deger-degmez ba-
hasyna.
inexperienced adj. ggele;
adj. tejribesiz.
infant n. bbek;
n. aga.
infantry n. pyada goun.
infect v. okumak;
v. okudyrmak.
infection n. okan keselli;
n. infeksia(r);
n. zaalanma.
infectious adj. okan;
adj. okanly.
infertile (of a person or animal) adj. agasy bolmaan;
adj. nesilsiz;
adj. gysyr.
infertility n. nesil bolmazlyk.
infidel n. kphudalylyga ynam;
n. kapyr;
n. dine ynanmaan adam/
aal.
infidel (non Muslim) n. kapyr.
infinite adj. ksiz;
adj. gutarnyksyz;
adj. ymgyr.
infinitive form (of a verb) adj. iligi nmlim formasy.
inflate v. iirmek;
v. ell bermek.
influence n. tsir;
v. tsir etmek.
influential adj. tsirli;
adj. abraly.
influenza n. grip;
n. dmew.
inform v. habar etirmek.
information n. habar;
n. maglumat;
n. bildiri.
informed adj. habarly.
ingredients n. dzm.
inhabitant n. aajy;
n. raat.
inhale v. demii ekmek;
v. dem almak.
inherit v. miras almak;
v. miras galmak.
inheritance n. miras.
initial adj. ilkinji;
adj. ilki;
adj. balangy.
initially adv. ilki bada;
adv. birbada;
adv. bada-bat;
adv. deslap;
adv. birden.
increase initially
English Turkmen 57
inject v. sanjym etmek.
injection n. sanjym;
n. ukol(r).
injure v. agyrtmak;
v. aralamak;
v. ynjytmak;
v. zaalamak;
v. zeperlemek;
v. zyan etirmek.
injured adj. aralanan.
injury n. ek;
n. ara;
n. aralama;
n. zeper;
n. zaalanma.
ink n. sya;
n. ernil(r).
inner adj. iki.
inner tube n. tigiri kamerasy.
innocence n. bignlik;
n. azyksyzlyk;
n. pklik;
innocent adj. bign;
adj. el degmedik.
innovation n. ay;
inquisitive adj. yhlasly;
adj. bilesigeliji.
ins and outs n. esaslar;
n. nigi-nigi.
insane adj. dli (kesel);
adj. akyldan azaan.
insane asylum n. dlihana;
ruhy keselleri
hassahanasy.
insanity n. dlilik;
n. akylsyzlyk.
inscription n. azgy.
insect n. mr-mjek.
insecticide n. mr-mjek ldrn
zher/derman.
insensitive adj. parhsyz;
adj. die zni biln;
adj. gelesiz.
inseparable adj. arylmaz;
adj. blnmezek;
adj. btewi.
inseparable adj. blnmen.
insert v. iine salmak;
v. girizmek;
v. gomak;
v. arasyna salmak.
inside adv. ieri;
adv. iinde;
n. ii.
inside-out conj. wre.
insight n. dnmeklik;
n. ayjylyk.
insolent adj. bihaa;
adj. gompy.
insomnia n. ukusyzlyk.
insomniac n. ukusyzlykdan ejir
ekan adam.
inspect v. barlamak;
v. synlamak;
v. gzegilik etmek.
inspected (to be) v. barlanmak.
inspection n. barlag;
n. gzegilik.
inspiration n. ylham;
n. tsir.
inspired adj. hwesek;
adj. ylhamly;
v. ruhlandyrmak;
v. hwes dretmek.
instability adj. durnuksyzlyk.
instant n. pursat.
instead of adv. derek;
adv. deregine;
adv. erine.
instinctive adj. tebigy meilli.
institute n. ulgam;
n. dzgn;
n. gurlu;
n. okary okuw jay;
n. ylmy barlag ulgamy;
n. institut(r).
instructions n. grkezme;
n. wagyz-nesihat.
instrument n. esbap;
n. gural.
instrumental case n. yky dm.
insufficient adj. kem;
adj. etmez;
adj. kem.
insulated adj. tsirlerden goralan;
adj. ayratyn golan.
insulation n. gorag.
insult v. gwne degmek;
v. masgara etmek.
insulted (to be) v. gaty grmek.
insurance n. tialandyrma.
intact adj. abat.
integral adj. btewi;
adj. arylmaz;
adj. integral(r).
integrity n. arassalyk;
n. dogryylyk.
intellect n. akyl;
n. pahas.
intelligent adj. akylly;
adj. aly.
intend v. niet etmek;
v. nietlemek.
intense adj. ;
adj. gli;
adj. doly;
adj. goy
adj. ieir.
intensify v. bat bermek.
intensify (i.e. faster or louder) v. batlanmak;
v. gjemek.
intensity n. bat;
n. dartgynlylyk;
n. gyzgalalylyk;
n. g.
intention (good or evil) n. niet.
intention (plan) n. meil.
intentionally adv. bilgelein.
inject intentionally
English Turkmen 58
interact v. arkalaykly ilemek.
interaction n. aragatnayk.
interactivity n. zara razylamaklyk.
interest (fascination) n. hwes;
n. gyzyg.
interest v. hweslendirmek;
v. gyzyklandyrmak.
interest (i.e. in your interest) n. bhbit.
interest (i.e. on a loan) n. gterim.
interested (to be) v. gyzyklanmak;
v. hweslenmek.
interesting adj. gyzykly.
interesting (to be) v. gyzyklanmak.
interfere v. gatymak;
v. doulmak.
interfere (interfere with) v. i salymak.
interference n. gatyma;
n. goulma.
intergovernmental adj. dwletara.
interim adj. wagtlayn.
interior n. iki;
n. ieri;
n. ierki.
interior designer n. bezegisi.
interjection (grammatical term) n. mlk.
intermediary n. aray.
intermission n. arakesme.
intermittent adj. arasy zln.
internal adj. ierki;
n. ieri.
international adj. dwletara;
n. halkara.
international code n. halkara kody.
international flight n. halkara gatnaw.
internet n. internet.
internet site n. internet sahypasy.
interpreter n. dilma;
n. terjimei.
interrupt v. arany kesmek;
v. szi blmek;
v. zmek.
intersection n. atryk.
interval n. ara;
n. aralyk.
intervene v. gatymak;
v. goulmak;
v. sokulmak.
interview n. gepleik;
n. grrdelik;
n. shbetdelik;
n. interwu(r);
v. shbetde bolmak.
intestine n. iege;
n. i.
into adv. iine.
intolerance n. ydamsyzlyk.
intolerant adj. ydamsyz.
intonation n. he.
intoxicate v. zherlemek.
intrinsic adj. degili;
adj. hsietli;
adj. mahsus.
introduce v. tanydyrmak;
v. tanatmak.
introduction n. szbay.
introduction (i.e. to an essay) n. giri.
invade v. g bilen almak;
v. eelemek;
v. basyp almak;
v. ozup girmek.
invalid adj. tsirsiz;
adj. gysz;
n. mayp;
n. inwalid(r).
invaluable adj. bahasyna etip bol-
maan;
adj. rn gymmat.
invasion n. ozma;
n. ozu.
invent v. olap tapmak.
invention n. olap tapylan tze zat;
n. ay.
inventor n. olap tapyjy.
invest v. maa gomak.
investigate v. deremek;
v. yzarlamak;
v. barlamak;
v. barlag geirmek;
v. wrenmek.
investigation n. derew;
n. barlag.
investigator n. derewi;
n. barlagy.
investment n. goum;
n. maa goum.
investor n. goumy;
n. maadar.
invincible adj. eilmez.
invincibility n. eilmezlik.
invitation n. akylyk;
n. akylyk haty.
invite v. agyrmak.
involuntary adj. ygtyarsyz.
involuntarily adv. biala;
adv. alasyz.
involved with (to be) v. i salymak.
iodine n. od.
Iran n. Eran.
Iranian n. eranly.
Irish adj. irlandialy.
iron (metal) n. demir.
iron (for clothing) n. tk(r);
v. tklemek.
ironed n. tkli.
ironic (to be) v. asylamak.
ironworker n. ii-metaly;
n. demiri ussa.
irony n. asylama.
irrelevance n. degili bolmazlyk;
n. tsirsizlik;
n. pedasy bolmazlyk.
irreligious adj. dine ynanmaan;
adj. dine degili dl.
irreplaceable adj. tapylgysyz.
irresponsible n. jogapkriliksiz;
adj. jogapkrsiz.
irrigate v. suw tutmak;
v. suwlamak.
interact irrigate
English Turkmen 59
irritated (to be) v. darykmak.
adj. gaharly.
Islam n. Yslam.
island n. ada.
isolated adj. ekelenen;
adj. ary.
isolation n. ekelik;
n. aralyk.
issue n. mesele;
n. tema;
n. ap.
it pro. ol (jansyz).
it is time to go id. gitme wagty boldy.
Italian adj. italian.
Italy n. Italia.
itch n. gijilewk;
v. gijemek.
item n. zat;
n. madda.
itemize v. tertip bouna gomak;
v. tertip bouna atmak.
its pro. onu (jansyz);
pro. oky (jansyz).
itself pro. zi (jansyz);
pro. zne (jansyz);
pro. zni (jansyz).
ivory adj. pili snknden edilen;
n. pili snki.
J j
jack n. domkrat(r);
n. gtergi.
jackal n. agal.
jacket n. jemper;
n. penjek;
n. kurtka(r).
jacket (suit jacket) n. kostum;
n. penjek (lit).
Jacuzzi n. akuzi.
jail n. trme;
n. zyndan.
jailer n. trme garawuly;
n. trme gzegisi.
jam n. bal;
n. mrepbe;
n. warene(r).
jammed adj. dykylmak.
janitor n. gapyda oturany;
n. gapyny aan;
n. wahter(r);
n. spriji.
January n. anwar(r).
Japan n. aponia.
Japanese adj. aponaly;
adj. apon.
jar n. banka(r).
jaw n. aaky .
jawbone n. eek snki.
jazz n. jaz.
jealous adj. bahyl;
adj. gabanja;
adj. grip.
jealousy n. bahyllyk;
n. gabanjalyk;
n. griplik.
jeans n. jinsi balak.
jelly n. bal;
n. mrepbe.
jeopardize v. zi howpa salmak;
v. howply ie ba gomak.
jerk n. samsyk;
n. kemakyl;
v. itmek.
jester n. masgarabaz;
adj. ouny.
jet (of water) n. suw wdrim.
jet-black adj. ar gara.
jewel n. jwher.
jewelery n. a-sep.
jeweller n. zergr.
Jewish adj. ewre;
adj. jhit;
adj. musay.
Jews-harp n. gopuz.
jigsaw n. tapmaa.
jingle n. ja;
n. ja ykaran gural;
n. sazlayk.
jingle v. jayldap gitmek.
job n. i;
n. kr.
job description n. ii beany;
n. etmeli umulary
sanawy.
jockey n. atapar;
n. apyksuwar.
jog v. drtmek;
v. haal ylgamak (sport);
v. atlatmak.
join v. baglamak;
v. birikdirmek;
v. birikmek;
v. goulmak;
v. sepimek;
v. seplemek.
joiner n. aga ussasy;
n. gwni ayk adam.
joint (in the body) n. bogun.
joint (where something pivots) n. bogun.
joint (where two objects meet) n. sep.
joke n. degime;
n. oun;
n. orta sz;
v. degimek.
joker n. degigen;
n. wi.
journal n. gndelik.
n. urnal(r).
journalism n. urnalistika(r).
journalist n. habary;
n. urnalist(r).
journey n. gezelen;
irritated journey
English Turkmen 60
n. sapar;
n. syahat.
joust v. arymak;
v. urumak.
jovial adj. adyan;
n. alak;
n. upitere degili.
joy n. begen;
n. atlyk.
joy (to bring someone) v. begendirmek;
v. atlandyrmak.
joyful adj. adyan.
joyful (to be) v. begenmek.
joyful time n. dwran.
joyless adj. atlyksyz;
adj. zi salyk.
jubilee n. ubile.
Judaism n. ewre dini;
n. musay dini.
judge n. kazy;
n. suda(r);
v. baha bermek;
v. jenaatylyk ie seretmek;
v. sud etmek.
judgment n. baha;
n. jeza;
n. sudu karary.
judicial adj. kanuny.
jug n. kze.
juice n. ire;
n. sok(r).
juicy adj. ireli.
July n. iul.
jumbo jet n. uly reaktiw(r) uar.
jump n. bk;
v. bkmek.
jump on v. topulmak.
jump over v. bkp gemek.
jumper n. bkji;
n. bkn mr-mjek
(ekirtge);
n. basketbolda tora den
top
June n. iun.
jungle n. jeel.
junior adj. kii;
adj. krpe;
adj. a;
adj. ay kii.
juniper n. ara.
junk n. kne-sana;
adj. talanan.
junk food n. gury nahar;
n. garbanma.
junkie n. neeke.
junction n. birikdirme;
n. goma;
n. sep;
n. seplenen er.
juror n. oturda;
n. kasam kabul eden adam.
jury n. oturdalar;
n. uri(r).
just adv. edil.
just (only) adv. die.
just (fair) adj. adyl.
just (i.e. just yesterday) adv. edil;
adv. hut.
just now adv. tas;
adv. hzir.
justice n. adalat;
n. ustisia(r).
justification n. bagylama;
n. subutnama.
justify v. aklamak.
juvenile n. etginjek;
adj. smedik;
adj. etimedik.
kangaroo n. kenguru(r).
karaoke n. karaoke.
Kazakhstan n. Gazagystan.
keel n. gmini aak etegi.
keen (eager) adj. hwesek;
adj. hwesje;
adj. mynasybetli.
keen (sharp) adj. iti.
keep a secret v. syr saklamak.
keep in mind v. nazara almak;
v. nazarda tutmak;
v. atda saklamak.
keep [kept, kept] v. saklamak;
v. tutmak.
kennel n. it atagy.
kerchief n. aglyk.
kernel n. adro;
n. zen;
n. mayz.
kettle n. nek;
n. ganadylan nek.
key n. aar.
khan n. han.
kick v. depmek.
kick out v. kowmak.
kick the habit idm. endigi talamak.
kid n. aga;
n. krpe.
kid (baby goat) n. owlak.
kid (joke) v. degimek;
v. aldamak.
kidnap v. ogurlamak;
v. alyp gamak.
kidneys n. bwrek.
kill v. ldrmek.
killer n. ganhor.
kilogram n. kilogram;
kind adj. mylakatly;
adj. hogwn;
adj. rehimli;
adj. mhribn;
adj. mhirli;
K k
joust kind
English Turkmen 61
adj. mylaym;
adj. nzik;
n. hil.
kindergarten n. bakja;
n. agalar bagy.
kind-hearted adj. rehimli;
adj. hos gwnli;
adj. ho nietly;
adj. regi arassa.
kindly adv. mhirlilik bilen;
adv. mylaymlyk bilen;
adv. gadyrly;
adv. dostlukly.
kindness n. mhribanlyk;
n. agylyk;
n. akgwnlilik;
n. mylakat.
king n. patya;
n. a.
kingdom n. alyl;
n. patyalyk;
n. karollyk.
kiss n. p;
v. ogamak;
v. pmek.
kiss (kiss one another) v. pmek;
v. ogamak.
kitchen n. ahana;
n. naharhana;
n. gaz jay.
kitchenware n. gap-anaklar;
n. gap-ga.
kite n. batbrek.
kitten n. piik agasy;
n. piijek.
knackered adj. biilen;
adj. gaty adaw;
adj. sary gaan.
knave n. aldawy;
n. wallet (kart ony);
n. hyzmatkr oglanjyk;
adj. hilegr;
adj. mekir.
knead v. myngamak;
v. ugurmak;
v. uwkalamak;
knee n. dyz.
kneecap n. dyz anak.
kneel [kneeled/knelt] v. dyza kmek;
v. dyz epmek.
knew v. know iligini ten
zaman grni.
knife n. pyak.
knight n. gadymy esger.
knit v. rmek.
knock (i.e. on a door) v. kakmak.
knock out v. behu etmek.
knot n. dwn;
n. dwnek;
n. igin;
v. igin edip dwmek;
v. igin damak.
know [knew, known] v. bilmek.
know (know everything about) v. ba ykarmak.
know (someone) v. tanamak.
knowledge n. a-bilim;
n. bilim.
known adj. mlim;
adj. belli;
adj. atly.
known (to make) v. bildirmek.
Koran n. Gurhan.
Korea n. Korea
Korean adj. korea
n. korealy
Kyrgyzstan n. Gyrgyzstan.
L l
label n. belgi;
n. arlyk(r);
n. etiketka(r);
n. lakam;
v. arlyk elmemek;
v. at dakmak;
v. lakam dakmak.
labor n. i;
n. zhmet;
n. aga dogurma.
labor (manual) id. i barada gollanma.
labor-saving adj. zhmeti eillediriji.
laboratory n. tejribe otagy;
n. laboratoria(r).
labyrinth n. ylyrymly wrm.
lace (i.e. at the neck of a n. bagjyk;
Turkmen dress) n. aka.
lace (i.e. shoe lace) n. bagjyk;
n. bag.
lack n. bolmazlyk;
n. kemilik;
n. etmezilik;
v. kem bolmak.
lacking adj. eter-etmez.
lacking (scarcity) adj. gyt;
adj. etmez.
ladder n. merdiwan;
n. trap;
v. merdiwan bilen okary
galmak.
ladle n. susak.
lady n. hanym;
n. zenan.
lag (behind) v. yza galmak.
laid v. lay iligini ten
zaman grni.
lake n. kl.
lamb n. guzy;
n. tokly.
lame adj. agsak.
lament v. zarynlamak;
v. uwlamak.
lamp n. yra;
n. lampa(r);
kindergarten lamp
English Turkmen 62
n. amyrag.
land n. er;
v. gonmak;
v. erlemek.
land (property) n. mlk.
land (soil) n. toprak.
landowner n. er eesi.
landscape n. tebigat grni;
n. peza(r);
n. landaft(r).
lane n. darajyk ol;
n. odajyk;
n. geelge;
n. pereulok(r);
bir taraplayn ol.
language n. dil.
lantern n. yra;
n. fonar(r).
lap n. etek;
n. dyz;
n. jlge;
v. dolamak;;
v. sti stne atanaklayn
gomak.
lap (anatomy) n. dyz.
lap (i.e. in a race) n. alaw.
large adj. uly;
adj. ullakan;
adj. iri.
lark (the bird) n. mollatorga.
last (hold out) v. ydamak;
v. dowam etmek.
last (i.e. last month) adj. geen;
adj. ten.
last (i.e. time period) v. ekmek;
v. dowam etmek.
last (in order) adj. i soky.
last (most recent) adv. soky;
adj. nki.
last name n. atasyny ady;
n. familia(r);
late adj. gi;
adj. giki.
late (to be) v. gij galmak;
v. gobermek.
later conj. sora.
lath n. insiz uzyn tagta.
latitude n. gilik.
latter adj. soky;
adj. aky;
adj. goladaky.
laugh v. glmek;
v. jakyrdamak.
laugh (make someone ) v. gldrmek.
laughter n. glki;
n. jakyrdy.
launch v. uurmak;
v. g bilen zymak;
v. balamak.
launder (i.e. clothes) v. kir uwmak.
laundry n. kir uwulan er.
lavatory n. hajathana;
n. tualet(r).
lavender n. lawanda.
law n. kanun.
law (the subject) n. hukuk.
lawless adj. bikanun;
adj. kanunsyz.
lawlessness adj. bikanunlyk.
lawn n. gazon(r).
lawsuit n. dawa;
n. talap arzasy.
lawyer n. aklawy;
n. hukuky;
n. kanuny;
n. urist(r).
lay (out a meal) v. saak azmak.
lay (objects) v. gomak
lay (i.e. bricks) v. rmek.
lay [laid, laid] v. gomak;
v. gayrmak;
v. azyp gomak;
v. stni apmak;
v. gabyra salmak;
v. oarydyryp gomak;
v. (gnni) apmak.
lay off v. iden ykarmak.
lay seige to v. gabamak;
v. ozmak.
layabout n. sergezdan;
n. isiz;
n. alta.
layer n. gat;
n. gatlak.
laziness n. altalyk.
lazy adj. alta.
lazy person n. alta adam.
lazy (to be) v. altanmak.
lead [led, led] v. batutanlyk etmek;
v. ol grkezmek;
v. yzyna drmek;
v. alyp barmak;
v. olbaylyk etmek.
lead (the element) n. gurun;
adj. gunt.
lead (leader) n. birinjilik;
n. liderlik(r);
n. debaryjylyk;
n. olbaylyk.
leader n. balyk;
n. serdar;
n. olbay.
leadership n. olbaylyk;
n. batutanlyk.
leaf n. aprak.
leaflet n. kitapa.
leafy greens n. gk;
n. ot [ot].
league n. liga;
n. bileleik.
leak v. syzmak;
v. syrykmak;
v. dkmek;
v. dammak;
n. aryk;
n. deik.
lean against v. diremek;
v. aplanmak;
land lean against
English Turkmen 63
v. anamak.
lean on (depend) v. daanmak;
v. aplanmak.
leap n. bk;
n. bkme;
n. bwet.
leap [leaped/leapt] v. towusmak;
v. bkmek;
v. janygyp balamak;
v. apymak;
v. okary galmak.
leap year n. doly yl.
learn [learned/learnt] v. wrenmek.
learning n. wrenme.
lease v. kireine almak;
v. kireine bermek;
v. arenda bermek.
least adj. i kii;
adj. i az;
adj. has kii;
adv. has;
adv. i.
least (at) adv. hi bolmanda;
adv. i bolmanda;
adv. ahyry;
adv. ahyrynda.
leather n. gay;
n. deri.
leave (leave behind) v. galdyrmak;
v. unutmak;
v. atdan ykarmak.
leave [left, left] v. gitmek;
v. ugramak.
leave (exit) v. ykmak.
leave out to dry v. sermek.
Lebanese adj. liwan.
lecture n. leksia(r);
n. sapak;
n. takal;
v. takal okamak;
v. sapak okamak.
ledge n. aga;
n. gyra.
leech n. slk.
left adj. ep;
v. leave iligi ten
zaman grni.
left over (to be) v. artmak.
leftovers n. galan nahar.
left side adj. ep tarap.
left-handed person n. epbeke.
left-wing adj. ep tarapky.
leg n. aak.
legacy n. miras.
legal adj. kanuny.
legend n. rowaat.
n. legenda(r).
legendary n. rowayat;
adj. anly;
adj. mehur;
adj. wrlen.
legible adj. dnkli;
adj. ayl-sayl.
legislation n. kanun.
legislature n. kanun ykaryjy
hkimiet.
legitimate adj. kanuny.
leisure n. iden bo wagt;
n. iden bo mahal.
lemon n. limon(r).
lemur n. lemur.
lend [lent] v. karz bermek;
v. bermek;
v. zi bir ie bermek.
lend money [lent] v. kredit bermek;
v. karz bermek.
lender n. algydar.
length n. uzynlyk.
lengthen v. uzalmak.
lentil n. merjimek.
leopard n. bars.
less adj., adv. kiirk;
adv. kii;
adv. azrak;
adv. az.
less than adv. ondan kem;
adv. ondan az.
lesson n. sapak.
let go v. elden gobermek;
v. sypdyrmak;
v. boatmak;
v. geirmek;
v. kelleden ykarmak;
v. iden ykarmak;
v. iii dkmek;
v.akdyrmak.
let in v. gobermek;
v. ieri salmak.
let out v. ykarmak.
let slip (i.e. words) v. sypdyrmak.
letter n. hat;
n. arza.
letter (of the alphabet) n. harp.
lettuce n. salat.
level n. dereje;
n. basganak;
n. dwr.
level (floor) n. gat.
liable adj. jogapkr.
liar n. aldawy;
n. alany.
liberal adj. debaryjy (pikirler);
adj. eli ayk;
adj. gumanitar;
adj. ayk (berk dl);
adj., n. liberal.
liberate v. azat etmek;
v. boatmak.
liberated adj. azat bolan.
liberty n. azatlyk;
n. erk;
n. erkinlik.
librarian n. kitaphanay.
library n. kitaphana.
license n. prawa(r);
n. ahadatnama;
n. lisenzia(r).
license plate n. belgi;
lean on license plate
English Turkmen 64
n. bellik (mayn in);
n. nomer.
lick v. alamak.
licorice n. buan.
lid n. gapak.
lie n. aldaw;
n. alan;
v. aldamak;
v. alan szlemek.
lie down [lay down, lain down] v. gyarmak;
v. atmak.
lieutenant n. letenant(r).
life n. durmu;
n. gzeran;
n. mr;
n. aay.
life expectancy n. ortaa a dowamlylygy.
life (for) adj. mrlik.
lifeboat n. halas edi gmisi.
lifejacket n. halas edi gursaka.
lifelike adj. janly;
adj. janly aly grnn.
lifespan n. mr.
lifetime n. durmu;
n. mr.
lifestyle n. aay;
n. aay durmu;
n. edhet;
n. usul.
lift n. lift(r);
v. gtermek.
lift (ride in a car) v. mndrmek.
lift a weight v. agram gtermek.
light n. wgn;
n. yyk;
n. swet(r);
n. yra.
light blue adj. mawy.
light (illumination) n., adj. agty.
light (not heavy) adj. eil.
light on fire v. akmak.
light up (light up an area) v. agtyltmak;
v. yyklandyrmak.
light bulb n. yra;
n. lampoka(r).
lighter n. zaigalka(r).
lighter (become) v. elemek.
lighter (to make something) v. eletmek;
v. akmak.
light headed adj. enil-kelle.
lightheartedness n. wilik.
lightning n. yldyrym.
like adv. de;
adv. hamana;
adv. aly;
v. gowy grmek;
v. halamak;
v. aramak.
like (to be like) adv. ts;
v. mezemek;
adv. edil.
like this adv. ele;
ad. sedip;
adv. bele.
likelihood n. ak.
likeness adj. mezelik.
likely adv. mmkin;
adv. htimal;
adv. has dogrusy;
adv. bolar aly.
lilac n., adj. benewe.
lily n. lilia.
limb n. el-aak;
n. aha;
n. gol;
n. bleklere blmek;
n. ahalary goparmak.
limbs n. el-aak.
limit n. ak;
v. klendirmek.
limitation n. klendirme.
limitless adj. ummasyz;
adj. ymgyr;
adj. ksiz.
limp v. agsamak.
line (i.e. electric) n. elekrik simleri;
line n. sim;
n yzgy;
n. ol;
n. zolak;
n. hatar;
n. p;
n. ugur;
n. biw;
n. serhet.
line (i.e. geometric) n. yzyk.
line (i.e. of a poem) n. setir.
lineage n. asly;
n. gelip yky.
linen (bedding) n. iki geim;
n. dalyk;
n. prostyn(r).
linger v. eglenmek;
v. gijikdirmek;
v. wmezlik etmek;
v. saklanmak;
v. ekmek;
v. adanmak;
v. haallyk bilen
gymyldamak.
linguist n. dili.
linguistics n. dil bilimi.
lining n. ilik.
link n. aragatnayk;
n. arabaglanyk;
n. baglayk;
n. halka;
v. birikdirmek;
v. baglanydyrmak.
linked adj. baglanykly.
lion n. arslan;
n. ir;
n. olbars.
lip n. dodak.
lipstick n. pomada(r).
liquid n. suwuklyk;
adj. suwuk.
lisp n. pelteklik;
lick lisp
English Turkmen 65
n. ygyrdy.
list n. sanaw;
n. golazma nusgasy;
v. sana salmak;
v. gulluga almak.
listen v. dilemek;
v. gulak asmak;
v. gulak salmak.
listener n. dileji.
liter n. litr.
literacy n. sowatlylyk.
literal adj. szme-sz;
adj. harpma-harp.
literal translation n. szme sz terjime.
literally adv. harpma-harp;
adv. doly;
adv. bhesiz.
literary adj. edebi.
literary masterpiece n. ajayp eser.
literate adj. sowatly;
adj. okuwly;
adj. bilimli.
literature n. edebiat.
litter n. hapa;
n. zibil.
little adj. kii;
adj. mada;
adj. ownuk.
little (i.e. amount) adj. az;
adj. biraz.
live v. mesgen tutmak;
v. aamak.
live (concert) adj. gni alym;
adj. gni efir.
live on a shoestring id. az pul seride bilen
aamak;
id. pukara aamak;
id. garyp aamak.
live together v. aamak.
live well v. mes aamak.
live without v. omak.
livelihood n. yrsgal;
n. alyk-gnlk;
n. gzeran.
liver n. bagyr.
livestock n. mal;
n. mallary ba sany;
n. mr-mjek.
livestock breeder n. maldar.
living n. gazan;
n. aay;
adj. janly.
living conditions n. hal-agda;
n. durmu agda;
n. aay agda;
n mydar.
living room n. myhman ja(otagy);
n. uly ja;
n. zal.
lizard n. as;
n. hayk;
n. kelpeze.
lizard n. hayk;
n. suwulgan.
lizard (monitor) n. zemzem.
load (i.e. a gun) v. oklamak.
loaded (very rich) adj. bol;
adj. ba;
adj. bereketli.
loads of adv. kn;
adv. kp;
adv. kp mukdarda.
loaf n. rek;
n. bulka.
loan (a loan that is given) n. bergi;
n. karz.
loan (a loan that is taken) n. algy.
loathe v. aman grmek;
v. igrenmek.
lobby n. kabulhana;
n. koridor(r);
n. foe(r);
v. tsir etmek (polit.).
local adj. erli.
located (to be) v. erlemek.
location n. bolan eri;
n. erlen eri;
n. er.
lock n. gulp;
v. gulp gomak;
v. gulplamak.
lock (i.e. of hair) n. gysym (sa);
n. ogdam.
locked adj. apyk;
adj. gulp bilen berkidilen.
locket n. tumar;
n. medalon.
locksmith n. slesar(r);
n. gulp ussa.
locomotive n. poez(r);
n. otly.
locust n. ekirtge.
lodger n. kireine oturan adam;
n. aaan adam;
n. kwartirant(r).
lodgings n. ja;
n. ;
n. tam.
log n. prs;
n. aga kesindisi;
n. te.
logic n. yzygiderlilik;
n. many;
n. logika(r).
logical adj. yzygiderli.
loneliness n. alyzlyk;
n. ekelik.
lonely adj. eke galan;
adj. alyz.
long adj. uzyn.
long (for something) v. ksemek;
v. islemek;
v. rek gysmak.
long ago adv. birwagt.
long-suffering adj. uzak ydayan.
long (i.e. duration) adj. dowamly.
long (to be) v. uzalmak.
long-term adj. uzak wagtlayn;
lisp long-term
English Turkmen 66
adj. uzak mhletli.
longitude n. uzaklyk.
look v. grmek;
v. seretmek.
look after v. seretmek.
look after (i.e. animals) v. bakmak;
v. idetmek;
v. seretmek.
look around v. gz gezdirmek;
v. ser salmak;
v. daya seretmek.
look (at one thing in a v. akarmak.
sustained manner)
look for v. gzlemek.
look forward to v. sabyrsyzlyk bilen
garamak.
look like v. mezemek.
look over v. gzden geirmek.
look over here v. bri seretmek.
look upon v. bakmak.
looks (appearance) n. syrat;
n. sypat;
n. grk.
loom n. haly dokalan gural;
n. stanok(r).
loop n. halka.
loose change n. ay;
n. kpk;
n. mada.
loose-fitting adj. gi;
adj. ogyn;
adj. uly.
lord n. lord(r).
lorry n. uk mayn;
n. gruzowik(r).
lose (i.e. a competition) v. utulmak;
v. eilmek.
lose (i.e. a game) v. utulmak;
v. basylmak.
v. utdurmak;
v. aldyrmak;
v. galmak [ga:lmak].
lose (i.e. an object) v. itirmek;
v. zyan ekmek.
lose ones head v. kellni itirmek;
v. ak-tak bolmak.
lose time v. wagt itirmek.
lose weight v. horlanmak;
v arryklamak.
loss n. itgi;
n. zyan.
lost (to become) v. azamak.
lots of adj. kp.
lot (in gambling) n. bije.
lot (in life) n. tle;
n. kysmat;
n. azgyt;
n. mala.
lottery n. utulyk;
n. loterea(r).
loud adj. gaty sesli;
adj. batly sesli.
loudly adv. sesli;
adv. gjr-garatly;
adj. gli;
adj. iti.
loudmouth n. gykylyky.
louse (i.e. the insect) n. bit;
v. bit ykarmak.
lousy adj. bitli;
adj. erbet;
adj. kirli;
adj. aman;
adj. aramaz;
v. dolup durmak.
love n. sgi;
n. yk;
v. smek.
love (between friends) n. mhir.
love (fall in) v. ayk bolmak.
lovely adj. owadan;
adj. ajayp.
lover n. ayk [a:yk];
n. mudak (saz);
n. ayk-maguk;
n. maguk.
low adj. aak.
low (of a sound) adj. ogyn.
low (quality, height, amount, etc.) adj. pes.
low quality adj. pes hilli.
lower v. atyrmak.
lower (lower down an object) v. sallamak.
lower (reduce) v. peseltmek.
lower jaw n. aaky .
lowlands n. peslik.
loyal adj. wepaly.
loyally adv. ynam bilen.
loyalty n. wepalylyk;
n. ynamlylyk.
lubricant n. agy.
luck n. bagt;
n. nesibe.
lucky adj. bagtly;
adj. nesibeli;
adj. malaly.
luggage n. el golary;
n. uk;
n. baga (r);
lullaby n. hwdi;
n. sallanak.
luminosity n. adynlyk;
n. agtylyk;
n. itilik.
lump n. tokga;
n. lokga;
n. blek;
n. kesim;
n. i.
lunatic n. samsyk;
n. dli;
n. dnde ren adam.
lunch n. gnortanlyk nahar.
lung n. ken.
lurk v. bukmak;
v, ayrmak;
v. ygyrmak.
luxurious adj. bezegli;
adj. mes;
longitude luxurious
English Turkmen 67
M m
macaroni n. makaron(r).
machine n. ulag;
n. mayn.
machine gun n. pulemot;
n. awtomat(r).
machinery n. tehnika(r).
mad adj. gaharly.
mad (crazy) adj. dli.
madam n. hanym.
made v. make iligini ten
zaman grni.
made (to be) v. edilmek;
v. aradylmak.
made of money id. pulu kp bolmak;
id. ba bolmak;
id. pul ykarmak.
madrassa n. medrese.
mafia n. mafia(r).
magazine n. urnal(r).
magic n. jady.
magic trick n. gzbaylyk;
n. fokus(r).
magical adj. jadyly;
adj. grkana.
magical tale n. jadyly erteki.
magician n. gzbagy;
n. jadyg.
magnet n. magnit(r).
magnetic adj. magnitli.
magnificent adj. gzel;
adj. ajayp;
adj. tsin.
magpie n. alahekik;
n. ara.
maid n. hyzmatkr aal.
mail n. pota(r);
v. potadan ibermek.
mailbox n. pota aigi.
main adj. esasy.
main course n. esasy nahar.
main road n. uly ol.
mainland n. materik;
n. yklym.
maintain v. tutmak;
v. goldamak;
v. saklamak;
v. seredip durmak;
v. aladasyny etmek.
mainly adv. esasan.
maize n. mekgejwen.
majesty n. belent mertebelilik;
n. anlylyk;
n. beiklik.
major adj. uly;
adj. esasy;
adj. maor.
majority n. aglaba;
n. galaba;
n. kplk;
n. kpsi.
make [made] v. binat etmek;
v. etmek;
v. asamak
make a bed v. dek salmak;
v. dek azmak.
make a mistake v. alymak.
make a noise v. goh etmek;
v. galmagal etmek.
make a will v. miras gomak.
make do without v. omak.
make (produce) v. ndrmek.
make (something for oneself) v. edinmek.
make friends with v. dostlamak.
make ones acquaintance v. tanymak.
make ones mouth water v. agyz suwartmak.
make possible v. mmkin bolar aly
etmek.
make up (i.e. after a fight) v. aramak;
v. ylalamak.
make up (invent) v. olap tapmak;
v. toslamak.
make-up n. dzm;
n. bolu;
n. dredili;
n. rek;
n. grim(r);
n. kosmetika(r);
n. olap tapma;
n. gomaa sapak;
n. deregine umu.
malaria n. malaria(r).
male n. erkek.
malicious adj. gaharly;
adj. iigara.
malignant adj. nejis;
adj. iigara;
adj. erbet;
adj. howply (i).
mallet n. tokmak;
n. eki.
mamas boy n. ejem-ogly.
mammal n. sdemdiriji.
man n. erkek;
n. erkek adam;
n. erkek kii.
manage v. dolandyrmak;
v. olbaylyk etmek.
management n. olbaylyk;
adj. gymmat;
adj. ajayp.
luxury n. gymmatbaha zatlar;
n. bol-elinlik;
n. bolulyk.
lye n. agar.
lynx n. gum piigi.
lyric n. liriki ygyr;
n. lirika(r).
lyrics n. adym szleri.
lyrical adj. liriki.
luxury management
English Turkmen 68
n. dolandyry.
manager n. dolandyrijy;
n. menejer(r);
n. olbay.
mandarin (fruit) n. mandarin(r).
mandatory adj. hkman;
adj. mejbury.
mane n. al.
manger n. ahyr.
mango n. mango.
mania (disease) n. mania keseli;
n. was-was.
manifest v. gr;
v. grkezmek.
manifesto n. manifest(r).
mankind n. adamzat.
man-made adj. emeli.
manner n. usul;
n. endik;
n. hsiet;
n. edhet;
n. tr.
manners (good) n. edep-ekramlylyk;
n. dzgn-tertip;
n. hsiet.
mansion n. uly ja;
n. uly .
manual n. gollanma.
manual labor id. gara i.
manual worker n. ii.
manufacture v. ndrmek.
manufacturer n. ndriji.
manure n. ders;
n. gumalak.
manuscript n. golazma.
many adj. kp;
adj. kn;
adj. birentek.
map n. karta(r).
maple n. kerkaw.
marble (stone) n. mermer.
march v. nyzamly remek;
v. nyzamly gitmek;
n. r;
n. mars(r).
March n. mart.
mare n. batal.
margin n. gyra.
marijuana n. kenep;
n. marihuana.
marine n. deizi;
n. deiz floty.
marital status n. magala agday.
mark n. alamat;
n. belgi;
n. baha(blik);
v. bellik etmek.
mark (correct) v. dzetmek;
v. dogurlamak.
marker (for drawing etc.) n. flomaster(r).
market n. bazar;
v. swda etmek.
marking n. bellik.
marksman n. mergen.
marriage n. nika;
v. lenmek;
v. durmua ykmak.
marriage counselor n. nika maslahatysy.
married (said about a man) adj. lenen.
married (said about a woman) adj. durmua ykan.
marrow n. ilik.
marry v. to etmek;
v. nikalamak.
marry (for a man) v. lenmek;
v. gelin almak.
marry (for a woman) v. durmua ykmak;
v. re barmak.
marry (to marry off a son) v. ermek.
marsh n. batga.
marshy adj. batgaly.
martial law n. harby dzgn.
martyr n. ehit;
adj. pahyr.
martyred (to be) v. ehit bolmak.
v. jebir ekmek;
v. pida bolmak.
marvelous adj. tsin;
adj. ajayp;
adj. owadan.
marxism n. marksizm.
marxist n. marksist.
mascara n. srme.
masculine adj. erkek;
adj. erkek adama degili.
mask n. maska(r);
n. rtk;
n. perde.
mason n. dadan ja salyjy igr;
n. kerpi gony.
masquerade n. maska gemek;
n. maskarad(r).
mass n. kp;
n. halk kpligi.
mass (to go to) v. namaz okamak;
v. dileg etmek.
mass media n. habar beri serideleri.
massacre n. gyrlyyk;
n. lk.
massage n. massa(r);
n. owkalama;
v. owkalamak.
massage (another) v. owkalatmak.
massive adj. agyr;
adj. pet;
adj. ensiz;
adj. mhnet;
adj. rn uly;
adj. epe.
mast n. bogaldak;
n. mata.
master n. hojayn;
n. ee;
n. ussa;
n. mugallym;
n. ussat;
v. zledirmek;
v. wrenmek.
master craftsman n. ussa.
manager master craftsman
English Turkmen 69
masterpiece n. eperilik;
n. nepis i;
n. ussatlyk bilen erine
etirilen i.
masters degree (M.S. or M.A.) n. alymlyk derejesi;
n. ykymlar kandidaty;
n. ussatlyk derejesi.
match (i.e. for lighting a fire) n. kkrt;
n. otly p;
n. spika(r).
match (competition) n. ary;
n. oun;
n. ikibir.
match (part of a pair) n. ta;
v. biri birine de bolmak;
v. biri birine gelimek;
n. oun;
n ylalayk;
n. jedel.
match point n. (tenis onunda) ouny
tarapynda urulan utuk
urgusy.
match (to) v. bir meze bolmak;
v. ta bolmak.
mate n. -da(klasda);
n. ta;
v. anyna ta gomak.
mate (friend) n. dost;
n. olda.
mate (on a boat) n. swda gmisinde
kapitany kmekisi.
material n. ig mal;
n. esasy tarap;
n. maglumat;
n. mata;
n. gurallar.
material (cloth) n. mata.
material (i.e. for building) n. maddy.
materialism n. materializm(r).
materialistic adj. materialistik.
maternal adj. ene.
maternity n. enelik.
maternity hospital n. aga dogrulan ;
n. roddom(r).
mathematics n. hasap;
n. matematika(r).
matrimony n. nika;
n. to
n. r-aal gatnayklary.
matter n. jisim;
n. materia;
n. madda(r).
matter (it doesnt) n. tapawut;
id. tapawudy ok;
id. zyany ok.
matter (what is the~?) ph. nme boldy?
matter (as a ~ of fact) ph. dogrudan-da.
mattress (big) n. dek.
mattress (small) n. deke.
mature (of a person) v. kemmala gelmek;
v. akly biimek;
v. akly etimek;
adj. etien;
adj. kp biln.
maturity n. kemal;
n. kmillik.
mausoleum n. gmmez;
n. mawzole(r).
May n. ma.
maybe adv. mmkin;
adv. belkem;
adv. belki.
mayor n. hakim.
mayors office n. hkimlik.
me pro. men;
pro. maa;
pro. meni.
meadow n. emenlik;
n. otluk er;
n. glzarlyk;
n. medan.
meal n. nahar;
n. imit;
n. bi-d;
n. a-rek.
meals (courses) n. nz-nygmat.
mean n. aralyk orta;
adj. bet;
adj. nkes;
adj. nejis;
adj. gysgan;
adj. erbet;
mean [meant] v. alatmak;
v. hyal etmek;
v. nietlemek;
v. dnmek;
v. nazarda tutmak.
mean (what did you~?) ph. Nme dijek bolarsy?
meaning n. many.
meaningless adj. deger-degmez;
adj. howay;
adj. manysyz.
meanness n. ownukyllyk;
n. gysganlyk;
n. binamyslyk;
n. haramzadalyk.
means n. seride;
n. tr;
n. usul;
n. ol.
means (by ~ of) prep. sti bilen.
means (by all ~) id. nhili hem bolsa.
means (by no ~) id. hi haan.
means (it ~ that) v. dimek.
meantime (in the ~) adv. ol wagtda.
meanwhile adv. ol wagtda.
measles n. gyzamyk.
measurable adj. kli;
adj. enli;
adj. legli.
measure n. leg;
n. mber;
v. lemek.
measure (in music) n. takt;
n. sazlayk.
measurement n. leg.
meat n. et;
n. g.
masterpiece meat
English Turkmen 70
meat pie n. gutap;
n. fiti(r);
n. somsa.
mechanic n. mehanik(r).
mechanical adj. mehaniki.
mechanics n. mehanika.
mechanism n. Mehanizm;
n. alany.
medal n. medal(r).
media n. habar beri serideleri.
mediate (i.e. an argument) v. aralamak.
mediation n. aralyylyk;
n. twellaylyk.
mediator n. aray;
n. twellay.
medical adj. medisina.
medical insurance n. saglyk tialandyry.
medical pad (at home) n. apgy.
medical practice n. lukmanylyk tejribesi.
medication n. bejeri;
n. derman.
medicine n. derman.
medicine (the field of) n. lukmanylyk;
n. medisina(r).
mediocre adj. ganymat.
meditate v. olanmak;
v. pikirlenmek.
Mediterranean Sea n. Orta er dezi.
medium adj. orta.
medium (average) n. aralyk.
medium (material) adj. seride.
meek adj. msm;
adj. uwa.
meet (i.e. meet someone) v. tanymak.
meet [met, met] v. duumak;
v. gary almak.
v. grmek;
v. du gelmek;
v. dumak;
v. du gelmek.
meet with v. dumak.
meeting n. duuyk;
n. ygnak.
melancholy adj. tutuk;
adj. kepsiz.
melody n. saz;
n. he;
n. mukam;
n. owaz.
melon n. gawun.
melt v. doy zlmek;
v. eremek;
v. umamak.
melt (something else) v. eretmek.
member (of a group) n. agza.
membership n. agzalyk.
memorabilia n. adygrlik zatlar.
memorable adj. atdan ykmajak;
adj. adygrlik.
memorial n. adygrlik.
memorial day n. hatyra gni.
memorize v. at tutmak;
v. atlamak.
memory n. hatyra;
n. at;
n. atkelik.
memory (brain) n. atkelik.
menace n. howp;
n. gorky;
v. howp salmak.
menacingly adv. habatly.
mend (i.e. clothes) v. amamak;
v. dzetmek;
v. bejermek;
v. asamak.
menstruate v. bil aylmak;
v. bil gelmek.
menstruation n. abay;
n. menistrasia(r).
mental adj. akyl;
adj. iki;
adj. ruhy;
adj. ruhy keselli;
adj. kelle iinki.
mention v. agzamak;
v. dile getirmek;
v. atlamak;
n. atlama.
mentioned (to be) v. agzalmak.
mentor n. topar olbay;
n. kurator(r).
menu n. menu(r);
meow v. mawlamak.
mercenary adj. nebisje;
adj. hakyna tutulan.
merchandise n. haryt;
v. satmak;
v. reklama etmek.
merchant n. swdagr;
n. satyjy.
merciful adj. rehimli;
adj. amatly;
adj. umak.
merciless adj. rehimsiz.
mercury (the element) n. simap.
mercy n. rehim;
n. kerem;
n. epagat;
n. rehimlilik;
n. mhirlilik.
mercy (divine mercy) v. alkamak.
mercy (have) v. rehim etmek.
mere adj. neke;
adj. sada.
mere chance adj. ttnden.
merely adv. die;
adv. ne.
merge v. garylmak;
v. mmek;
v. goulmak.
meridian n. meridian(r).
merit n. hyzmat;
n. abra;
n. mertebe;
adj. mynasybetli;
v. mynasyp bolmak;
v. baraklanmak.
merry adj. adyan;
meat pie merry
English Turkmen 71
adj. at.
mess n. tertipsiz;
n. bulam-bujar;
n. bulam-mujarlyk;
n. bulayklyk.
mess hall n. naharhana.
message n. habar;
n. hat;
n. tabyryk.
messenger n. aray;
n. apar.
metal n. demir.
metallic adj. demir;
adj. demir rekli.
metaphor n. mezetme;
n. metafora.
meteor n. meteor(r).
meteorologist n. meteorolog(r).
meter n. metr.
meter (for measuring) n. leg guraly;
n. metr;
n. sotik(r).
method n. usul;
n. ol;
n. metod(r).
metro n. metro.
metropolitan adj. uly her.
Mexico n. Meksika.
mice n. syanlar.
microbe n. mikrob(r).
microscope n. mikroskop.
microwave oven n. mikrotolkunly pe.
midday n. gnortan.
middle adj. aralyk;
n. orta.
middle finger n. orta barmak.
middle-aged adj. orta aly.
midnight n. ary gije.
midsummer n. tomsu ortasy.
midwife n. gbek ene;
n. akuerka(r);
n. dogru epagat uasy.
midwinter n. gyy ortasy.
might adv. may iligini ten
zaman formasy.
n. g;
n. kuwwat.
mighty adj. gli;
adj. kuwwatly.
migrate v. gmek;
v. topar bolup gmek.
migration n. glik;
v. migrasia.
migratory adj. pasla gr gn
(gular, hawanlar,
balyklar);
adj. gp gonup ren;
adj. arwa.
mild adj. mayl;
adj. uwa;
adj. umak;
adj. aram.
mildew n. he.
mile n. mila(r) (1.6 km).
mileage n. geilen aralyk;
n. kilometra(r).
military n. harby gullugy;
n. harby.
military duty n. tabyryk.
military equipment n. arag.
military service n. gulluk.
milk n. st;
v. sagmak.
milk products n. st nmleri.
milk powder n. gury st.
milkshake n. stli kktely.
Milky Way (the) n. Akmaan oly.
mill n. degirmen.
miller n. kilwan;
n. degirmeni.
millet n. dary;
n. dary armasy.
million n. million.
millionaire n. millioner.
minaret n. minara.
mince v. owratmak;
v. apmak;
v. kerelemek;
v. dogramak.
mince (not to ~ words) v. dogry geplemek;
v. ayk atmak.
mince meat n. welen et;
n. far(r);
n. dogralan et.
mind n. akyl;
n. a;
n. at;
n. ylham.
v. syn etmek;
v. ns bermek.
mind (brain) n. beni.
mind (consciousness) n. a.
mind (I dont ~) ph. maa tapawudy ok.
mind (keep in) v. atda saklamak;
v. nazara almak;
v. nazarda tutmak.
mind (lose ones) v. akyldan azamak.
mind (never ~) ph. zyany ok.
mind (watch out) v. gz ne tutmak.
mine pro. meniki.
mine (bomb) n. partlajy;
n. mina(r);
v. mina gomak;
v. gazmak.
mine (i.e. mineral) n. magdan kni.
v. gazmak.
minefield n. mina goulan medan.
miner n. ahtay;
n. magdan iisi;
n. kmr ykaryjy.
mineral n. mineral(r);
adj. minerally.
mineral water n. mineral suwy.
minimum n. minimum(r).
minister (political) n. ministr(r).
ministry n. ministrlik.
minor adj. ownuk;
adj. ownuk-uak;
mess minor
English Turkmen 72
n. kii;
n. a.
minority n. azlyk.
minority (to be in the) v. azlyk bolup galmak.
mint n. narpyz.
minus v. ayrmak;
n. minus(r);
n. noldan aakda.
minus sign n. ayrmak belgisi.
minute n. minut(r);
adj. kiijik;
adj. klke;
adj. jikme-jik;
adj. mada;
adj. ownuk.
minutes (i.e. of a meeting) n. protocol(r);
n. teswirnama.
miracle n. gudrat;
n. ajayp zat;
n. ge zat.
miraculous adj. gudratly.
mirror n. z grln ana.
mirth n. atlyk;
n. begen.
misadventure n. betbagtlyk;
n. betbagtylyk.
mischief n. betlik;
n. amanlyk;
n. betbagtylyk;
n. bezzatlyk.
mischievious adj. bet.
miscellaneous adj. garyyk;
adj. her drli.
mischief (to make ~) v. dawa-jenjel dretmek;
v. garagollyk etmek.
miser n. gysgan.
misery n. alyk;
n. betbagtylyk;
n. gedalyk;
n. grgi;
n. gussa;
n. hasrat;
n. helkilik;
n. horluk;
n. perianlyk.
miserable adj. betbagt;
adj. ejiz;
adj. perian;
adj. grgli.
misfortune n. bela;
n. betbagtylyk;
n. bela-beter;
n. amanlyk.
misile n. raketa(r).
misinformation n. ndogry maglumat;
n. aly habar;
n. aly maglumat.
mislay v. yalny ere gomak.
misled (to be) v. aldanmak;
v. alydyrmak.
miss adj. hanym.
miss v. ksemek.
miss (i.e. a flight) v. gija galmak;
v. gobermek;
v. sypdyrmak.
v. yetim galmak.
miss (i.e. school) v. galmak [ga:lmak].
miss (long for) v. gre(si) gelmek;
v. rek gysmak.
miss (not notice) v. grmn gemek;
v. bilmn galmak.
missing adj. etmen.
missing (object) adj. kem.
missing (gone, extinct) adj. itirim bolan.
mission n. wekilhana;
n. missia(r);
n. tabyryk;
n. i sapary;
n. hwes.
mist n. duman;
n. mr;
n. irik.
mistake n. aly.
mistake (make a) v. alymak.
mistake (mistake for someone/ v. mezetmek.
something else)
mistaken adj. alyan.
mister adj. jenap.
mistress n. hojayn aal;
n. kde aal;
n. hanym;
n. ona;
n. mugallym aal;
n. sgli.
mistrust n. ynamsyzlyk;
v. ynamsyzlyk etmek.
misty adj. dumanly;
adj. mrli.
misunderstand v. alny dnmek.
misunderstanding n. dnimezlik;
n. alylyk.
misunderstood adj. dnksiz.
misuse v. ndogry ulanmak.
mittens n. ellik.
mix n. garma;
n. garyyk;
v. bulamak;
v. garmak;
v. garydyrmak;
v. gatmak;
v. bulam-bujar etmek.
mixed (to be) v. garymak;
v. goulmak.
mixed feelings n. garylykly dugular.
mixed salad n. garyyk salat.
mixture n. garyndy;
n. garyyk.
moan n. iildi;
n. ah;
n. ah-wah;
n. nala;
v. ah ekmek;
v. hyklamak;
v. nalamak;
v. iildemek.
mob (crowd) n. mreke;
n. mele.
mobile adj. ykjam;
minority mobile
English Turkmen 73
adj. gcirip bolan;
adj. gme;
adj. alasyn;
adj. akgyn.
mobile phone n. el telefony;
n. ykjam telefon;
n. jkli telefon.
mobilization n. toplanma;
n. mobilizasia(r).
mock v. asylamak;
v. masgaralamak;
v. kakdyrmak;
v. knmek;
v. stnden glmek.
mockery n. asylama;
n. masgaralama.
modal verb n. modal ilik.
mode n. usul.
model n. nusga;
n. mysal;
n. model(r).
model (profession) n. naturay;
n. model(r).
moderate adj. mylaym;
adj. aram;
adj. ortaa;
adj. aralyk.
moderate (i.e. temperature) adj. aram.
moderation n. aralyk;
n. ortalyk;
n. mylaymlyk.
modern adj. dwrebap;
adj. hzirki zaman;
adj. kmil;
modest adj. sada;
adj. salyhatly;
adj. kiigwnli;
adj. utanja.
modesty n. sadalyk;
n. salyhatlyk.
modification n. tgeiklik.
moist adj. ygly,
adj. yzgarly.
moisten v. llemek.
moisture n. yzgar;
n. yzgarlylyk;
n. yglylyk.
molar n. azy di.
mold n. nusga;
n. he;
v. nuga asamak;
v. helemek.
mole n. hal;
n. nar;
n. me.
mole (animal) n. kr syan.
molecule n. molekula(r).
moment n. halat [ha:lat];
n. pursat.
moment (wait a ~!) ph. azajyk garayp durun!
ph. hzir!
momentary adj. alt;
adj. basym;
adj. derrew.
monarch n. patya;
n. hkmdar;
n. monarh.
monarchy n. monarhia(r).
monastery n. buthana.
Monday n. birinji gn;
n. duenbe(lit).
monetary adj. pully.
money n. pul.
monk n. monah;
v. monah bolmak;
v. monahlygy kabul et-
mek;
v. eke aamak.
monkey n. mamyn.
monolingual adj. bir dilde geplen.
monopoly n. monopolia(r).
monotonous adj. birmeze;
adj. rekgysgyn;
adj. birmese sesli.
monotonous (voice) adj. bir labyzly.
monster n. dw;
monstrous (in size) adj. aylgan;
adj. elhen;
adj. pet;
adj. girt.
month n. a.
monthly adv. alyk;
adv. her a;
adv. aba-a.
monument n. adygrlik.
moo v. molamak.
mood n. kep;
n. hal agda;
n. tap;
n. ht.
mood (dramatic) n. ilik formasy.
mood n. kep;
n. ynjalyk;
n. nz-kerem;
n. pursat (dwr);
n. gaharjalyk.
mood (in a bad) adj. kepi bolmadyk;
adj. kepsiz.
mood (in a good) adj. kepi kk.
moody adj. kepsiz;
adj. gaharja;
adj. alt tgen.
moon n. a.
moral n. wt-nesihat;
n. ahlak;
n. ahlak kadalary;
adj. ahlak tadan;
adj. ruhy.
morals n. gylyk;
n. hsiet;
n. gylyk-hsiet;
n. ahlak.
morale n. kep;
n. g;
n. ruh;
n. a;
n. dnje;
n. garat;
mobile phone morale
English Turkmen 74
n. gujur-garat.
more adj. baga;
adv. ene;
adv. kprk.
n. kp.
more or less id. azda-knde;
id. az-kem.
more than adv. kprk.
moreover adv. onu dayndan.
morning n. irden;
n. ir bilen;
n. da;
n. ir;
n. ertir.
morose adj. hyrsyz;
adj. gaharly;
adj. garasmez;
adj. tukat.
morsel n. blejik.
mortal n., adj. ajal;
adj. lmeli;
adj. lm howply;
n., adj. garamaak;
adj. gazaply;
adj. aldym-berdimli;
adj. gli;
adj. ler aly.
mortality n. lm sany;
n. lm howpy.
mortgage n. ipoteka;
n. girew haty;
v. emlgi girewe gomak.
mosque n. metjit.
mosquito n. ybyn;
n. aaky;
n. irke;
n. pee.
moss n. garaharsa;
n. batgalyk.
most adv. i.
most recent adv. soky.
moth n. ge;
n. kebelek.
mother n. eje;
n. ene.
mother-in-law n. gayn ene.
motherhood n. enelik.
motherland n. watan.
motion n. hereket.
motionless adj. hereketsiz.
motivate v. hweslendirmek.
motley adj. ala-mula;
adj. her hili.
motor n. motor(r).
motor oil n. motor agy.
motorbike n. moped.
motorcycle n. motosikl(r);
n. motor(r).
motto n. ygar.
mound n. depe;
n. bayr;
n. tmmejik;
n. depejik.
mount n. berkitme;
n. dp;
n. ga;
n. elpewajy dbi;
n. surat day;
adj. aagyna gouln/
azyln;
adj. aagyndan
berkidiln;
v. aagyna gomak/
azmak;
v. mnmek;
v. ykmak;
v. okary galmak;
v. okary galdyrmak;
v. oarmak;
v. bejermek;
v. dzmek;
v. sahnada gomak.
mountain n. dag.
mountain pass n. daglary arasynda
geelge;
n. jlge.
mountain range n. dag geri.
mounted adj. galdyrylan;
adj. atly;
adj. berkidilen.
mourn v. as tutmak;
v. gamgyn bolmak;
v. gam ekmek;
v. li yzynda aglamak.
mourner n. jalama gatnayjy;
n. a agyjysy.
mournful adj. as tutan;
adj. gagyly.
mourning n. as;
n. matam.
mouse n. syan.
moustache n. murt.
mouth n. agyz.
mouth (of a river) n. derany goulan eri.
mouthwash n. agyz akamak in suw.
move v. hereket etmek;
v. gymyldamak;
v. gmek;
v. grmek.
move (i.e. move over) v. smek.
move (i.e. objects) v. grmek;
v. srmek;
v. gozganmak;
v. ugramak;
v. gymyldatmak.
move (i.e. to another city) v. gmek.
move (somebody to tears) v. aglatmak.
movement n. hereket.
movie n. film(r);
n. kino(r);
n. eper film.
mow v. almak;
v. ormak.
Mr. n. jenap.
Mrs. n. hanym.
much adj. kp;
adv. kn;
adj. birgiden.
more much
English Turkmen 75
much (as ~ as) conj. ona;
conj. una.
much (too) n. agdyk;
ad. has kp.
mucous n. nem.
mud n. la;
n. palyk;
n. batga.
muddy adj. bulanyk;
adj. palykly;
adj. laly;
adj. batgaly.
muddy (liquid) adj. lbik.
muffled adj. z grnmen;
adj. sesi peseldilen;
adj. sesi haalladylan.
mug n. bulgur;
n. bakal(r);
n. z-sypat;
n. pana.
mug v. hjm etmek;
v. jabjynmak;
v. surata drmek;
v. z-gzi onatmak.
muggy adj. dymyk.
muggy (to become) v. dymmak.
mulberry n. tudana.
mule n. gatyr;
n. eek.
mullah n. molla.
multi-colored adj. al-elwan;
adj. ala-mula.
multinational adj. kp milletli.
multiplication n. kpeltme.
multiply v. kpeltmek;
v. ulaltmak.
multi-story adj. kp gatly.
multitude n. kp;
n. kplk;
n. umele;
n. mhelle.
mumble v. samramak.
municipality n. hkimlik.
munitions n. harby enjamlar;
n. araglar.
murder v. ldrmek;
n. ldrilme.
murderer n. ganhor.
murmur n. pyyrdy;
n. hrdi;
n. nrazylyk;
v. yrryldamak;
v. hrdemek;
v. nrazylyk bildirmek.
muscle n. muskul(r);
n. beden eti;
n. gy.
muscular adj. berk bedenli;
adj. daow;
adj. gli
museum n. muze(r);
n. sergi.
mushroom n. kmelek.
music n. saz.
music (sheet) n. notalar.
musical album n. adym albomy;
n. saz albomy;
n. disk(r).
musical instrument n. saz guraly.
musician n. sazandar;
n. sazanda.
Muslim n. musulman.
must (grammatical) ilik+maly/meli;
adv. hkman;
v. borly bolmak.
must-dos n. hkmany etmeli iler.
mustiness n. he.
mustard n. ajyhur;
n. gorissa(r).
mute adj. geplemezek;
adj. sessiz;
adj. lal.
mutilate v. mayp etmek;
v. manysyny tgetmek.
mutiny n. gozgala;
n. pitne;
v. pitne turuzmak.
mutter v. samramak;
v. hrdemek.
mutton n. goun eti.
mutual adj. ikitaraplayn;
adj. zara.
muzzle n. tumuk;
n. temek;
n. z.
muzzle (of a gun) n. nili agzy.
my pro. meni.
myself pro. zm.
mysterious adj. syrly;
adj. tsin;
adj. gizlin.
mystery n. gizlin.
myth n. mif;
n. rowaat.
N n
nail n. dyrnak;
n. penje;
n.
v. lemek;
v. berkitmek;
v. tutmak;
v. gapamak.
nail (fingernail) n. dyrnak,
nail (for carpentry) n. .
nail clippers n. dyrnak alynan.
naive adj. asyz;
adj. sada;
adj. trkana;
adj. trk.
naked adj. alaa.
name n. at [a:t];
much name
English Turkmen 76
n. lakam;
n. at-abra;
n. belli adamlar;
v. atlandyrmak;
v. at bermek;
v. at dakmak;
v. lakam gomak;
v. gazanan at bermek;
v. bellemek (wezip).
name tag n. birka.
named after adj. adyndaky.
nap (take a) n. gnortan ukysy;
v. irkilmek.
napkin n. elsprg;
n. elaglyk;
n. salfetka(r).
nappy n. arlyk.
narcotics n. nee;
n narkotik.
narrow adj. dar;
adj. ine.
narrowness n. darlylyk.
nasty adj. pis;
adj. nejis.
nasty words n. awyly szler.
nation n. halk;
n. millet.
national adj. hlihalk;
adj. milli.
nationalism n. millilik.
nationalist n. milleti.
nationality n. raatlyk;
n. millet.
nationwide adj. hlihalk.
native adj. erli.
Native American n. inde Amerikany.
natural adj. tebigy;
adj. hakyky.
natural disaster n. tebigy bela;
n. tebigy helkilik.
natural gas n. gaz;
n. tebigy gaz.
natural resource n. tebigy balyk.
naturally adv. elbetde;
adv. hakykatdan-da.
nature n. tebigat.
naught n. nul;
n. hi zat;
adj. derekdsiz.
naughty adj. bet;
adj. garagol.
nauseating adj. igrenji;
adj. rek bulajy.
naval (navy) adj. harby-deiz (gleri).
navel n. gbek.
navy n. harby-deiz floty.
near prep. golada;
adj. akyn;
adv. gola;
adv. anynda.
nearly adj. degip duran;
adj. da dl;
adv. dien aly;
adv. takmyn;
adv. tas;
adv. akyn.
nearsighted adj. owakr;
adj. dadan grmen;
adj. geljegi grmen.
neat adj. pkize;
adj. anyk.
neatly adj. ayl-sayl;
adj. sypay;
adj. ykjam.
necessary adj. degerli;
adj. gerek;
ad. zerur;
adj. gerekli.
necessities n. gerekli zatlar.
necessity n. zerurlyk.
neck n. boun.
necklace n. kole(r);
n. monjuk.
necktie n. galstuk(r).
need n. zerurlyk;
n. mtlik;
n. etmezilik;
n. garyplyk;
n. howply agda;
v. gereklemek;
v. hkman bolmak.
needed adj. degerli;
adj. gerek;
adj. gerekli.
needle n. ie.
needle-work n. kede;
n. el ii.
needy adj. garyp;
adj. eter-etmez.
negative adj. oklugy aladan;
adj. inkr edn;
adj. makullamaan;
adj. aramaz;
adj. erbet;
adj. pis.
neglect n. sgermezilik;
n. gelesizlik;
n. ns bermezlik;
n. hasap etmezlik;
v. sgermezlik etmek;
v. harlamak;
v. biperwa garamak;
v. gelesizlik etmek.
negligent adj. biagry;
adj. gelesiz;
adj. biperwa;
adj. nssz.
negotiate v. ylalamak;
v. geplemek.
negotiation n. gepleik.
negotiator n. twellay;
n. aray.
neighbor n. goy.
neighborhood n. goyylyk;
n. goy-golam;
n. goylar.
n. twerek.
neighboring adj. goy.
name tag neighboring
English Turkmen 77
neither adj. hi hasy.
neither (nor) adj nene.
neither (him nor another) adj. ne ol, ne bu.
pron. hi hilli.
nephew n. egen.
nepotism n. dost-parazlyk;
n. tanylyk;
n. tany-bili.
nerd n. akylsyz;
n. samsyk;
n. akmak.
nerve n. nerw(r).
nervous adj. aljyray.
nervous (to be) v. aljyramak.
nest n. hwrtge;
n. -iik;
n. dogduk depe;
n. talaylar topary;
v. hwrtgelemek;
v. hwrtge gurmak.
net n. gapan;
n. duzak;
n. tor;
n. gzenek.
net (weight) adj. netto (harydy agramy).
nettle n. ititi;
krapiwa(r).
network n. tor;
n. baglanyk ulgamy;
n. ulgam.
neutral adj. bitarap.
neutral status n. bitaraplyk derejesi.
neutrality n. bitaraplyk.
never adv. hi haan;
adv. hi wagt.
never mind! id. hkman dal!
id. zyany ok!
nevertheless conj. bary bir;
conj. heniz;
conj. nhili bolsa-da;
conj. nme-de bolsa.
new adj. tze.
New Years Day n. Tze yl.
New Zealand n. Tze Zelandia.
newborn n. ay doglan.
newborn baby n. tze doglan aga.
newcomer n. tze gelen.
newlyweds n. a atynjalar.
news n. habar;
n. tzelik.
news (good news) n. buluk.
news (to get) v. habar tutmak.
news agency n. tzelikler gullugy.
newspaper n. gazet(r).
newstand n. kiosk(r).
next adj. indiki.
next to adv. anynda;
prep. gapdal.
prep. indiki;
prep. nobatdaky.
nib (for writing) n. pero(r).
nibble v. okjalamak;
v. gemirmek.
nice adj. akymly;
adj. oat;
adj. grkana;
adj. grmego;
adj. gzel;
adj. mylaym;
adj. gwne aramly.
niche n. buky er;
n. bukalga;
n. gaybatalga.
nick n. gyyk;
n. dilik;
v. kertmek;
v. dilmek.
nickname n. lakam.
niece n. egen;
n. ini;
n. jigi.
night n. gije;
n. agam.
night life n. gijeki durmu.
night shift n. gijeki smena;
n. gijeki i.
nightingale n. bilbil.
nightmare n. garabasma.
nine num. dokuz.
ninety num. togsan.
nipple n. emzik;
n. emjek ujy.
nitrogen n. azot.
no adv. ok.
no one n. hi kim.
noble adj. nazarkerde;
adj. mert;
adj. adamkrilikli.
noble (well brought-up) adj. asylly.
Nobel Prize n. Nobel bayragy.
noblemen n. dworan(r).
nobody n. hi kim.
nod n. ba atma;
v. ba atmak.
noise n. goh;
n. ses.
noise (to make) v. galmagal etmek;
v. gohlamak;
v. goh galdyrmak.
noiseless adj. sessiz;
adj. galmagalsyz;
adj. gohsyz.
noisy adj. galmagally;
adj. gohly.
nomad n. arwa.
nomadic adj. gme.
nominate v. dalagr bellemek;
v. barak bermge hdr-
lemek;
v. jogapkrli wezip belle-
mek.
nomination n. dalagr;
n. wezip bellemeklik;
n. baraga bellemeklik.
nominative case n. ba dm.
none n. hi hili;
adj. hi.
nonetheless conj. nhili bolsa-da;
neither nonetheless
English Turkmen 78
conj. her niik bolsa-da
conj. ele bolsa-da.
non-conformist n. bozgak;
n. bagaa pikirdki
adam.
non-party adj. partiasyz (syasy).
nonsense adj. biderek;
n. bo sz;
n. samsyklyk.
non-smoking adj. ilim ekmean.
non-stop adj. dyngysyz.
noodles n. makaron(r);
n. una.
noon n. gnortan.
nor prep. dl;
prep. ele dl;
prep. (neither~) nene.
norm n. kada;
n. norma(r).
normal adj. adaty;
adj. hemieki.
normally adv. adata.
north n. demirgazyk.
northern adj. demirgazyk.
nose n. burun.
nostril n. burun deigi.
not neg. dl.
not at all n. hi hili.
not bad adj. ganybat;
adj. erbet dl.
not enough adj. kem;
adj. etmez.
notch n. kertik;
n. bellik;
n. serhet.
note n. bellik;
v. bellik etmek;
v. bellemek;
v. azmak.
note (musical note) n. nota(r).
notebook n. depder.
nothing n. hi zat.
nothingness n. okluk.
notice n. habar berme;
n. dudury;
v. belli etmek;
v. gzi dmek.
notice board n. bildiriler tagtasy.
notice (not) v. grmn gemek.
noticeable adj. gr.
notify v. habar bermek.
notion n. dnje.
notorious adj. alak;
adj. belli;
adj. mlim;
adj. bellenen.
notorious (to become) v. akasyny tanatmak.
notwithstanding prep. oa garamazdan;
adj. ne;
adj. ele hem bolsa.
noun n. at [a:t].
nourish v. idirmek;
v. naharlamak;
v. goldamak.
nourishing adj. okumly.
nourishment n. imitlendirme;
n. imit.
novel n. roman(r);
n. eser;
adj. tanalmaan.
novel (special) adj. aratyn;
adj. tgeik.
novelist n. eser azyjy.
novelty n. tzelik;
n. tze zat.
November n. noabr(r).
now adv. hzir;
adv. u wagt.
now and again (now and then) adv. wagtal-wagtal;
adv. aram-aram.
now (just ~) adv. hziri znde;
adv. edil u wagt.
nowadays adv. u dwr;
adv. hzirki zaman.
nuance n. aratynlyk.
nowhere adv. hi erde.
nuclear adj. adro.
nuclear bomb n. atom bombasy.
nuclear power n. adro energiasy.
nuclear reactor n. adro reaktory.
nuclear test n. termoadro synagy.
nuclear weapons n. adro aragy;
n. adro aragy.
nucleus n. adro(r).
nude adj. alaa.
nuisance n. akymsyzlyk;
adj. akymsyz;
adj. rege dgn.
numb adj. guruan;
adj. doan.
numb (paralyzed) adj. ysmaz bolan.
number n. nomer(r);
n. san;
v. sanamak;
v. sana gomak.
numeral n. san.
numerous adj. kp mukdarly.
numerously adv. kp mukdarda.
nun n. katolik ybadatysy
(zenan).
nurse n. epagat uasy;
n. eneke/ejeke;
n. sallanak;
v. idemek;
v. naharlamak;
v. emdirmek;
v. aga seretmek;
v. syrkawa seretmek.
nurse (female nurse) n. epagat uasy.
nurse (male nurse) n. medbrat(r).
nursery n. agalar otagy;
n. agalar bagy;
n. itilhana.
nursing n. ideg;
nut n. hoz.
nutrition n. imit.
nutritious adj. okumly.
non-conformist nutritious
English Turkmen 79
O o
oak n. dub agajy.
oaken adj. dub agajyndan.
oar n. krek.
oasis n. jlge;
n. oazis(r).
oath (i.e. in court) n. kasam.
oath (i.e. promise) n. ant.
oath (take an) v. ant imek;
v. kasam etmek.
oat n. sle.
oatmeal n. sle;
n. sle armasy;
n. arma.
obedience n. gulak asma;
n. dileni etme.
obedient adj. dien edan.
obese adj. semiz.
obesity n. semizlik.
obey v. boun egmek;
v. gulak asmak;
v. dien etmek.
object n. zat;
n. obekt(r).
n. desga;
n. maksat;
v. gary ykmak.
object (i.e. grammatical) n. doldurgy.
objection n. garylyk.
objective n. maksat.
obligated adj. borly.
obligation n. bornama;
n. bor;
n. wezipe;
n. ert.
oblige v. aranmak;
v. borly etmek;
v. garat etmek.
obliged adj. borly;
adj. minnetdar.
obscene adj. geliksiz;
adj. utansyz;
adj. ahlaksyz.
obscure adj. anyk dl;
adj. dnksiz;
adj. nbelli.
observance n. berja etme.
observant adj. syny.
observation n. syn;
n. gzegilik;
n. seretme.
observatory n. obserwatoria.
observe v. syn etmek;
v. synlamak;
v. amak;
v. seretmek;
v. grmek;
v. tutmak.
observe (i.e. a custom) v. berja etmek.
observer n. syny;
n. gzegi.
obsessed adj. rahatsyz;
adj. aladaly.
obsessive adj. erkie gomaan;
adj. rege dn.
obstacle n. psgel;
n. psgelilik;
n. garylyk.
obstinate (persistant) adj. erjel.
obstinate (stubborn) adj. dikddi;
adj. kejal;
adj. kesir.
obstetrician n. akuerka(r);
n. gbek ene.
obstetrician-gynecologist n. ginekolog(r);
n. aal lukmany.
obstruct v. psgel bermek;
v. dykylmak;
v. apmak;
v. oly apmak.
obstruction n. psgelilik;
n. bwet;
n. germew.
obtain v. alynmak;
v. almak;
v. bar bolmak;
v. etmek
obvious adj. aan;
adj. ady;
adj. grnp duran;
adj. anyk.
obviously adv. mese-mlim.
occasion (situation) n. agda.
occasion (i.e. there is no ~ for) n. sebp.
occasion (event) n. waka.
occasional adj. ttnden.
occasionally adv. wagtal-wagtal;
adv. k halatlarda;
adv. ttnden;
adv. kawagt;
adv. serek.
occupation (i.e. military) n. basyp alma;
n. eeleme.
occupation (career) n. kr;
n. hnr.
occupied with adj. megul.
occupied with (to be) v. megullanmak.
occupy v. eelemek;
v. basyp almak.
occur (to happen) v. bolmak;
v. bolup gemek;
v. orun eelemek.
occur (i.e. in your mind) v. kell gelmek;
occurrence n. hadysa;
n. bolan i;
n. waka;
n. agda.
ocean n. okean(r);
n. umman.
oclock (at three oclock) adv. sagat de.
October n. oktabr(r).
odd (by chance) adj. ttnden.
odd (not a pair) adj. bita.
oak odd
English Turkmen 80
adj. jbt dl;
n. tasyz.
odd (odd number) n. bita;
adj. tk.
odd (strange) adj. tgeik;
adj. ge;
adj. tsin.
odds and ends n. galan-galak.
odor n. ys.
of prep. degililigi aladan
goulma;
prep. -dan/-den;
prep. y/-i.
of course conj. elbetde.
off adj. k;
prep. stnden;
prep. iinden;
prep. -dan/den.
off (take ~) v. ayrmak;
v. ykarmak.
off (take the book ~ the table) prep. kitaby stoly
stnden ayr.
off balance adj. deagramlylykdan
ykan.
offend v. garyk hereket etmek;
v. gwne degmek;
v. keletmek;
v. irizmek;
v. nsi blmek.
offend (verbally) v. dil etirmek;
v. sgmek.
offended adj. gaty gren;
adj. keln.
offended (to be) v. gaty grmek;
v. kelemek.
offender n. jenaaty;
n. gwne degen adam.
offense (an act) n. etmi.
offense (offense taken) n. ke-kineli;
n. keln.
offense (against the law) v. jenaat i etmek.
to take offense v. gwne getirmek.
to give offense v. gwne degmek.
offensive adj. iakgyn;
adj. gwne degn;
adj. dil etirn;
adj. igrenji;
adj. nejis.
offer n. hdr;
n. teklip;
v. hdrlemek;
v. teklip etmek.
offer food v. hdrlemek.
office n. i er;
n. edara dbi;
n. rite hyzmat edarasy
(bilet kassasy);
n. i otagy;
n. wezipe;
n. gulluk.
office (political) n. ministrlik.
office worker n. gulluky.
officer n. wezipeli adam.
official adj. resmi;
adj. gulluk;
official (i.e. for a job) n. wezipeli adam;
n. gulluky.
official document n. resminama.
off-shore n. kenardan.
off-shore (from a far distance) n. uzakdan.
offspring n. nesil;
n. perzent;
n. aga.
often adv. aglaba;
adv. ygy-ygydan;
adv. ygy;
adv. tiz-tizden.
oh! intj. Ah!;
intj. o-how.
oil n. ag;
n. smlik agy;
v. aglamak.
oil (petroleum) n. nebit.
oil can n. ag gaby;
n. maslonka(r).
oil field n. nebit atagy.
oil pipeline n. nebit turbasy.
oil production n. nebit ykaryly.
oil refinery n. nebiti gatadan ilen
zawod.
oil slick n. deize dklen nebit.
oil spill n. nebit dkli.
oil tanker n. nebit tankeri(r).
oil well n. nebit skwainasy(r).
oil worker n. nebiti.
oily adj. agly.
ointment n. melhem;
n. ag.
okay intj. bolar;
intj. gowy;
intj. bolar onda;
intj. ho onda;
intj. agy.
old (i.e. people) adj. garry;
adj. auly.
old (i.e. things) adj. kne.
old (number of years) n. aynda.
old age n. gartalyk;
n. garrylyk.
n. gojalyk;
old-fashioned adj. kne;
adj. kne modaly.
old man n. auly.
olden days n. nki gnler;
n. kne wagtlar;
n. bolup geen gnler.
older brother n. uly oglan dogan;
n. aga.
older sister n. uly gyz dogan.
olive n. zetun.
olive (color) adj. sargylt-ayl ada sar-
gylt gour rek.
olive oil n. zetun yagy.
olive-branch n. zetun ahasy.
Olympic adj. Olimpia.
Olympic Games n. Olimpiada ounlary.
Olympiad n. olimpiada(r).
ominous adj. gorkun;
odd ominous
English Turkmen 81
adj. emen.
omit v. sypdyrmak;
v. gobermek.
on prep. stnde;
prep. -da/-de.
on foot adj. pyada.
on time adv. wagtynda.
on the other hand conj. tersine;
conj. baga tarapdan.
on the tip of my tongue id. dili ujunda bolmagy.
on top of prep. stnde.
once adv. birwagt;
adv. bir gezek;
adv. bir gn;
adv. birwagtlayn;
adv. gnlerde bir gn.
once (at ~) adv. hzir;
adv. u wagt;
adv. derrew;
adv. birden.
once a day adv. gnde bir gezek;
adv. gnde bir wagtyna.
once more adv. ene-de;
adv. gatadan;
adv. ene bir gezek.
once upon a time id. bir bar eken, bir ok
eken;
id. gadym zamanlarda.
oncologist n. onkolog(r).
oncology n. onkologia(r);
n. medisinany i dre-
mek bilen bagly keselleri
we olary bejerilini
wrenn blmi.
one num. bir.
one (of) pro. biri.
one after the other adv. yzly-yzynda.
one another adv. birek-birek;
adv. biri birini.
one at a time adv. bir-birden;
adv. eke-ekeden.
one by one adv. bir-birden;
adv. eke-ekeden;
adv. yzly-yzyna.
one day adv. bir gn;
adv. gnleri bir gni;
adv. bir gezek.
one on one adv. baa-ba;
adv. ikik.
one time adv. see once.
oneself pro. zi;
pro. zni.
one-sided n. birtaraplayn.
onerous adj. kyn;
adj. agramly.
onion n. sogan.
online adj. Internet arkaly
baglanyk.
only adv. die;
adv. eke-tk;
adj. eke.
only child adj. alyz;
adj. eke-tk;
adj. eke.
only (i.e. only yesterday) adv. dek.
onset n. bay;
n. balangy.
onto prep. stne;
prep. tarap;
prep. -a/-e.
onward adv. e;
adj. e gidn.
open adj. ayk;
v. amak.
opening (at the start) n. ba;
n. balangy.
opening (i.e. a store) n. ay;
n. ayly;
n. debut (r).
opening (i.e. introduction) adj. giri.
opening (premier) n. ayly.
opening (hole) n. deik.
openly adj. a-aan.
open-minded adj. alak;
adj. gwni ayk.
opera n. opera(r).
opera glasses (theater) n. drbi.
opera house n. opera zaly(r).
operate v. ilememek;
v. iletmek.
operate (medical) v. operasia etmek;
v. kesmek.
operate (a machine) v. mayny iletmek.
operates well phr. gowy iler.
operation n. operatsia(r);
n. kesilme;
n. hereket.
ophthalmology n. gz hakyndaky ylym;
n. oftalmologia(r).
opinion n. pikir;
n. pikirlenme;
n. seslenme;
n. dnje.
opinion (express an) v. pikirii amak;
v. pikirii bean etmek.
opinion (my opinion) n. meni pikirime.
opium (drug) n. tirek.
opium (plant) n. gknar.
opium addiction mt. tirekkelik.
opioid analgesic (pain killer) mt. opioid analgetik.
opponent n. bsde;
n. garyda;
n. opponent(r).
opportunity n. ma;
n. mmkinilik;
n. amatly agda.
oppose v. ba galdyrmak;
v. gary ykmak;
v. gary gitmek;
v. gary bolmak;
v. ret etmek;
v. deedirmek.
opposed adv. gary.
opposed (asto) conj. tersine.
opposed (compared to) v. deedirmek.
opposed to adj. gary;
adj. ters.
opposite adv. ters;
omit opposite
English Turkmen 82
n. tersine;
adj. garylykly;
prep. ayrsynda;
prep. gabadynda;
prep. garysynda.
opposite (toward the back) prep. ayrsynda.
opposite of n. tersine;
n. garyda;
adj. garylyk.
opposite side n. ters;
prep. ayrsynda.
oppress v. agram salmak;
v. anamak;
v. ksemek;
v. ezmek.
oppressed adj. horluk grn;
adj. ejir ekn;
adj. jebir ekn.
oppression n. jebir;
n. zulum;
n. horluk;
n. ejir;
n. stem;
n. zorluk.
oppressive adj. stemli;
adj. jebirli;
adj. ejirli;
adj. hor.
oppressor n. zuluke;
n. zalym.
optimism n. umyt;
n. atlykly dngaray.
optimistic adj. geljege gowy umyt
bilen garaan.
or conj. a-da;
conj. a.
oral adj. atdan;
adj. dil sti;
adj. agyzdan;
adj. gepleik;
adj. szlei.
oral (i.e. medication) adj. agyzdan.
oral rehydration salts (ORS) mt. agyz regidrasia ergini.
orally v. dilden.
orange n. pyrtykal;
n. apelsin(r);
adj. mmii rek;
adj. goy sary.
orator n. dilewar;
n., adj. dile eper;
n. suhang;
n. orator(r);
n. grri.
orbit n. gz hanasy;
n. orbita(r);
v. orbita bouna alan-
mak.
orchard n. miweli bag.
orchestra n. orkestr(r).
orchitis mt. orhit;
mt. umurga imesi.
order (command) n. buruk;
n. hkm;
v. buurmak;
v. buruk bermek.
order (i.e. goods) n. sargyt;
n. tabyryk;
n. zakaz(r);
v. sargamak;
v. tabyrmak;
v. zakaz etmek.
order (into) pos. in.
order (put in) v. tertiplemek.
order (sequence, discipline) n. tertip.
order (verdict) n. hkm;
v. buruk bermek.
order (by a judge) v. hkm etmek.
order (i.e. goods, food) n. sargyt;
n. zakaz(r).
order (i.e. in a restaurant, hotel) n. buurma;
v. buurmak.
order (from take-out) v. zakaz etmek;
v. tabyrmak.
order (for the army) n. nyzam.
orderly adj. tertipli;
adj. erbe-er.
ordinal adj. tertipli.
ordinal numbers n. tertip sanlar.
ordinary adj. neke;
adj. adaty;
adj. adata.
ordinarily adj. umuman.
ore n. magdan.
organ (of the body n. agza;
heart, liver, etc.) n. organ(r).
organ (the instrument) n. organ(r);
n. saz guraly.
organic adj. organik;
adj. tebigy;
adj. janly;
adj. iki;
adj. dermansyz.
organic (products) adj. tebigy;
adj. himiasyz (nmler).
organism n. organizm(r);
n. beden;
n. s;
n. gurlu.
organization n. gurama.
organize (direct) v. ugrukdyrmak.
organize (i.e. a project) v. guramak;
v. gurnamak.
organize (i.e. a room) v. oarydyrmak;
v. sahalladyrmak;
v. tertipledirmek.
organized adj. guramaylykly;
adj. tertipli.
organized (about a person) adj. tertipli;
adj. edepli;
adj. guramayl.
organized (about a thing) adj. tertipli;
adj. sahally.
organizer n. guramay.
orient v. duran erini bilmek;
v. ugry kesgitlemek;
v. oly tanamak;
v. salgy bermek;
v. ba ykarmak;
opposite orient
English Turkmen 83
v. ugrukdyrmak;
v. gnkdirmek.
oriental adj. gndogar.
orientation n. beletlik;
n. ugry bilmeklik;
n. habardarlyk;
n. gz nde tutmaklyk;
n. ugur;
n. ol.
orifice n. deik;
n. giri-yky eri.
origin n. asyl;
n. ba;
n. gelip ykyy.
original adj. ilki;
adj. asyl nusga;
adj. hakyky zat;
adj. original(r).
originally adv. balangyda;
adv. aslynda;
adv. zboluly;
adv. rti.
originate v. gelip ykmak.
ornament n. nagy;
n. bezeg;
n. gl;
n. ekil;
v. bezemek;
v. nagy ekmek.
ornamented adj. nagyly.
orphan n. etim;
n. etim-esir.
orphanage n. etimler i;
n. agalar i.
orthopedics adj. medisinany durnukly
gyarmalary, ourga, el-
aak gyarmalary
wrenn we bejern
blmi.
orthostatic (postural) hypotension mt. ortostatiki gipotenzia(r).
Oscar-winning adj. Oskar baragyna ee
bolan.
osier (tree) n. swt;
n. tal;
n. lelisa agajy.
osmosis n. osmos(r) (biologiki).
osteoarthritis n. osteoartit(r);
n. guryagyry.
osteomalacia n. witam D ada kalsi
etmezligi netijesinde
skleri umamagy.
osteoporosis n. osteoporoz(r);
ostrich n. degu.
other adj. baga;
adj. beleki;
adj. gary;
n. zge.
other (every other day) n. gnaa.
others n. bagalar;
n. dagy;
n. belekiler.
other side n. ary;
n. baga tarapy.
otherwise adv. ogsam;
adv. bolmasa;
adv. bagaa;
adv. baga agdada.
ouch! intj. wk!
ought to v. ilik+maly/meli.
ought v. modal ilik+malydyr/
melidir.
you ought to know v. Siz bilmelisiiz.
ounce n. unsia(r);
n. agramlyk legi 28,3
grama de;
our pro. bizi.
ours pro. biziki.
ourselves pro. zmiz;
pro. z;
pro. zmizi.
out adv. daaryk;
adv. -da/de.
out (get out of) v. dayna (ykmak).
out (take out of) v. ykarmak.
out (go i.e. a fire or a light) v. snmek.
out of sorts adj. kepsiz.
out of tune adj. bozulan.
out of turn adv. binobat;
adv. nobatsyz.
outbreak n. arylma;
outbreak (attack) n. arylma;
n. partlama.
outbreak (start) n. bay;
n. ba.
outcome n. netije;
n. ala;
n. soy.
outcry n. gykylyk;
n. nrazyylyk.
outdoor adj. daky.
outdoors n. daary.
outer adj. daky.
outer space n. lem.
outfit n. egin-eik;
n. bir la eik;
n. kostum-balak;
n. geim;
n. enjamlar komplekty;
n. abzallar komplekty;
n. topar dzmi;
v. abzalladyrmak;
v. pjn etmek.
outgoing adj. alak;
adj. yky (hatlar).
outline n. umumy grn;
n. ekil;
n. meilnama;
n. taslama;
v. taslamak;
v. meyilnamaladyrmak;
v. umumy hsietde belle-
mek.
outlive v. uzak aamak.
outlook n. garay;
n. grn.
out-of-doors id. ayk howada.
out of order adj. ilemen (zat);
adj. warak;
oriental out of order
English Turkmen 84
adj. binobat;
adj. nobatsyz.
out of work adj. isiz;
adj. krsiz.
outpatient n. gndizine bejergi alan
nsag;
n. gatnap bejergi alan
nsag.
outpost n. garawul posty;
n. harby posty;
n. wekilhana.
output n. ykarma;
n. ndrijilik.
output (profit) n. haryt;
n. ndrijilik;
n. netije.
outside n. daary;
prep. daarda.
outskirts n. et;
n. twerek.
outspoken adj. akgwnli;
adj. dogruyl.
outstanding adj. belli;
adj. tanymal;
adj. mehur;
adj. debaryjy.
outward adj. daary;
adj. daky.
ovarian carcinoma mt. umurtgalygy tze
dremesi.
ovarian cyst mt. umurtgalygy kistasy.
ovary n. umurtgalyk.
oven n. duhowka(r);
n. pe.
over (to be over) v. gutarmak;
v. gutarylmak.
over (over age/number) v. san+dan/-den geen.
over adv. okary;
prep. okarsynda;
prep. stnde;
adv. kp.
over the moon id. atlanmak;
id. mes bolmak.
over there adv. ary;
adv. ayrda.
overall (generally) adv. umuman.
overall (entire) adj. tutu;
adj. tutulygyna.
overburden v. agdyk klemek;
v. artykma i bermek.
overcast adj. bulutly;
adj. tutuk.
overcome (an obstacle) v. stn ykmak;
v. emek;
v. ele almak.
overcook v. nahary kp wagtlap
biirmek;
v. eretmek.
overcrowded adj. adamlardan tarap
basara er ok.
overdose n. artykma mukdar.
overeat v. kp imek;
v. aa dmek.
overflow v. agmak;
v. dayna dklmek;
v. dklmek;
v. jomak.
overflow (for feelings) v. jomak.
overfulfill v. artygy bilen erine etir-
mek.
overgrow v. basmak.
overhead adv. okarda;
adv. stnde;
prep. okary.
overhead compartment v. uaryn yk goulan
blmi.
overhear v. gizlin dilemek;
v. eitmek;
v. ttnden eitmek.
overlook v. okardan seretmek;
v. ykmak (tarapa);
v. seredip durmak;
v. grmn galmak;
v. ns bermn seretmek;
v. akaryp durmak;
v. gz degirmek.
overlook (not notice) v. grmn gemek.
overlook (intentionally) v. okardan seretmek;
v. gzegilik etmek.
overlooking adj. seredip duran;
adj. ykyp duran.
overproduction n. artyk ndri.
over-ripe adj. te bien;
adj. gaty biek;
adj. myllyk.
overseas v. daary urt;
adv. dezi ayrsyndaky.
overshoe n. galo.
oversleep v. kp atmak.
overtake v. yzyndan etmek;
v. ozmak;
v. stnden gelmek;
v. eelemek.
overtake (affected by) v. ozmak.
overthrow v. zymak;
v. emek;
v. agdarmak;
v. ykmak;
n. ykmaklyk.
overturn v. agdarmak;
v. ykmak.
overturn (object) v. baaak agdarmak.
overweight adj. semiz;
adj. iik.
overwhelm v. gaty kp bolmak;
v. jodurmak;
v. ok etmek.
overwhelm (by questions) v. gmmek (sorag bilen).
overwhelm (military) v. weran etmek.
overwhelm (to be) v. aljyratmak.
ovulate mt.v. umurtga jgi
blnmegi.
ovulation mt.n. owulasia.
ovum mt.n. umurtga jgi.
owe v. borly bolmak;
v. bergili bolmak.
owing to adj. arkaly;
prep. saasynda.
out of work owing to
English Turkmen 85
owl n. bagu.
own n. zniki;
n. hususy.
own (my own) n. meni;
v. ee bolmak.
owner n. ee;
n. hojayn (adam);
n. eesi.
ownership n. eelik.
ox n. kz.
oxide n. okus(r);
n. okusel(r).
oxygen n. kislorod(r).
oyster n. ustrisa(r).
P p
pa n. kaka;
n. dde;
n. kakajan.
pace n. dim (ululygy);
n. depgin;
n. r;
n. belentlik;
v. remek;
v. elk-belk remek;
v. gezmelemek;
v. depginde alyp barmak.
pace (speed) n. depgin.
pace (step) n. dim.
pacemaker n. elektron stimulatory.
pacific adj. parahatylykly;
adj. asuda.
Pacific Ocean n. uwa okean
n. uwa umman.
pacifier n. emzik;
n. soska(r).
pacifism n. parahatsjilik;
n. ura gary ykmaklyk.
pack n. day;
n. top;
n. k;
v. gapgarmak;
v. gaplamak;
v. toplamak.
pack up v. dwmek.
pack up (i.e. a bag) v. go dwmek.
package n. bukja;
n. posylka(r);
n. paket(r);
n. dwnek;
v. gapgarmak.
package holiday n. gezelen meilnamasy;
n. turputewka(r).
packet n. paket(r)
packet (i.e. of cookies, detergent) n. paka;
n. gap.
packet (container) n. gap.
packing and postage n. gaplama we pota
tlegi.
pact n. ertnama;
n. ylalayk.
pact (mutual assistance) n. bir-birege kmek ber-
mek ertnamasy.
pad n. umak gatlak;
v. salmak.
paddle n. gyzga krek;
v. kreklemek.
paddle (barefoot) v. aak alaa remek.
padlock n. asma gulp.
page n. sahypa.
page (sheet) n. kagz;
n. list(r);
n. gat.
pageant n. dabaral r;
n. sahnaladyrylan oun.
pail n. bedre.
pain n. agyry;
n. ejir;
n. gynan;
n. yhlas.
pain (grief) n. gagy-gamgy.
take pains v. yhlas etmek;
v. azar edinmek.
painful adj. gagyly;
adj. agyrly;
adj. yhlas talap edn.
painkiller n. agyryny ayran derman.
painless adj. agyrsyz;
adj. azarsyz.
paint n. rek;
n. boag;
n. kraska(r);
v. reklemek;
v. boamak;
v. kraskalamak(r).
painted adj. boalan.
painter n. suraty;
n. nakga.
painting n. surat.
painting (art) n. sungat;
n. suratylyk.
pair adj.n. jbt;
adj. goa;
n. ta.
pal n. olda;
n. dost.
palace n. kk;
n. gala.
palate n. kentlewk;
n.tagam;
n. isleg.
pale adj. reki k.
adj. solgun.
pale (for a person) adj. ak zli;
v. reki solmak;
v. ganyy gayrmak.
palette n. palitra;
n. rek tagtasy.
palliative mt.adj. eillik bern derman;
adj. kedirn;
adj. eilik bern.
palm (hand) n. aa.
owl palm
English Turkmen 86
palm n. palma.
pallor n. solgunlyk.
palpable adj. ellp bolan;
adj. duulan;
adj. syzylan.
palpate v. basyp grmek;
v. palpasia geirmek.
palpation n. ellp barlamak;
n. palpasia.
pampered adj. umak (adam barada).
pamphlet n. kitapa.
pancake n. blinik(r).
pancake (for weddings) n. elpek;
n. gatlama.
pancreas gland mt. aganzanasty mzi.
pancreatitis n. pankreatit.
pandemic n. pandemia;
adj. araan. .
pane n. pige anasy.
panic n. baagalyk;
n. howsala;
n. panika(r).
panic attack n. howsala.
pang n. iti agyry;
n. ejir;
n. iti agyra sebp bolmak.
pant v. hopukmak;
v. halap remek;
v. halap grlemek;
v. rek gysmak.
panther n. pantera(r).
pants n. balak;
n. jalbar.
paper n. kagyz.
paper (newspaper) n. gazet.
paper (wallpaper) n. obo(r);
v. obo elmemek;
v. diwara kagyz elmemek.
papers n. dokumentler.
parable n. nesihatly hekaa.
parachute n. paraut(r).
parade n. r;
n. parad(r).
parade (formation) n. nyzam;
v. nyzama durmak.
paradise n. jennet;
n. umah.
paragraph n. madda;
n. paragraf(r).
parallel adj. ugurda;
n. paralel.
paralysis n. ysmaz.
paralyze v. ysmaz bolmak;
v. hereketden galmak.
paralyzed adj. ysmaz;
adj. paralili(r).
paramedical staff mt. orta medisina igrleri.
paranoia n. paranoa.
paranoid adj. paranoaly.
parasite n. mugthor;
n. parazit(r).
parasympathetic nervous system mt. parasimpatiki nerw
ulgamy.
parcel n. dwnek;
n. posylka(r);
n. paket(r).
pardon n. bagylama;
n. gun gecme;
n. tn;
v. bagylamak;
v. gunsini gecmek.
parenteral adj.mt. paranteral.
parent n. ene-ata.
paresis n.mt. nerw geirijiligi
peselmegi;
n.mt. parez;
n. arym ysmazlyk.
park n. park(r);
n. bag;
n. seilgh;
n. seil bag.
park (a car) v. gomak.
parking ticket n. awtoduralga petegi.
parliament n. mejlis.
parlor n. myhman jay.
parody n. asylama.
parrot n. toty;
n. totugu.
parsley n. petruka(r).
parsnip n. pasternak(r).
part n. blek;
n. blm;
n. organ;
n. a;
n. gural;
n. gatnayk;
n. orun;
n. i;
n.tarap;
n. forma.
part (for instruments) n. gural.
part (for a play) n. rol.
part (i.e. play; book) n. bap.
part (divide) v. blmek;
v. palamak.
part (part from) v. arylymak.
part (take part) v. gatnamak.
part-time adj. doly dal;
adj. wagtlayn.
part (i.e. spare part) n. a.
part of a sentence n. szlemi agzasy.
(i.e. subject, predicate)
part of speech (i.e. noun, verb) n. sz toparlary.
partial adj. bleklein.
partial (for a person) adj. z grji;
adj. tarap tutan.
partially adv. bleklein.
participant n. gatnayjy.
participate v. gatnamak;
v. goulmak.
participle n. ortak ilik.
particle n. blek;
n. blejik.
particle (grammatical) n. ortak ilik.
particular adj. aratyn;
adj. hususan;
adj. belli;
adj. ynjyk;
palm particular
English Turkmen 87
adj. doly;
adj. jikme-jik.
particular (in particular) adj. aratynlyk.
particularly adj. aratyn;
adv. esasan-da;
adv. esasan hem.
parting adj. holayk;
adj. arylyk;
adj. arylyma.
partisan n. tarapdar;
n. partizan(r).
partition n. blniik;
n. salama.
partly adv. bleklein;
adv. bir tarapdan.
partner n. olda;
n. hyzmatda;
n. ta;
n. partnor(r).
partner (business partner) n. rik.
partridge n. kkilik.
party (celebration) n. to;
n. mreke;
n. mele;
n. otyrylyk;
n. oturyk.
party (group) n. topar.
party (political) n. partia.
party (member) n. gatnayjy.
party (throw a) v. to etmek.
pass n. geelge;
n. jlge;
n. geme;
n. darajyk ke;
n. dnden tme;
n. kyn agda;
n. wagtlayn rugsat;
n. gemek in rugsat;
v. gemek;
v. amak;
v. uzamak;
v. snmek;
v. kesip gemek;
v. geirmek;
v. aratmak;
v. gitmek;
v. gutarmak.
pass away v. aradan ykmak.
pass down v. gemek.
pass (i.e. a date) v. gemek;
pass (an exam) v. tabyrmak.
pass (i.e. an illness) v. sowulmak.
pass (i.e. ones life) v. tmek.
passage n. geelge;
n. blek.
passenger n. olagy.
passerby n. geip baran adam;
n. oldan geip baran.
pass out v. seselemek.
passion n. hyjuw;
n. jogun;
n. hwes;
n. yhlas;
n. gli dugy.
passionate n. yhlasly;
n. hwesje.
passive adj. gowak;
adj. passiw(r);
adj. dien edn.
passive (grammatical) n. gadym dereje.
passport n. passport(r).
past adj. geen;
adj. ten;
n. gemi.
past (i.e. to walk past) adv. geip;
adj. geirip.
past (in the) adv. geen zamanda.
past tense n. ten zaman.
pasta n. makaron(r).
pasta (handmade pasta) n. una.
paste n. pasta;
n. elim.
paste (for remodeling) n. hamyr;
v. elmemek.
pasteurization n. zganatma;
n. pasterizasia(r).
pasteurize v. ganatmak.
pastime n. gmenje;
n. wagtyy ho geirme;
n. oun.
pasture n. otlag;
n. ri;
v. bakmak.
pat v. kakmak.
patella (kneecap) n. dyzanak.
patch v. amamak;
v. urnamak.
patch (i.e. melon patch) n. dilim.
patch (i.e. on clothes) n. ama;
n. urnat.
patch (i.e. stain) n. menek.
patch (i.e. mark) n. yz.
patch up v. dzlemek;
v. amamak.
paternal adj. atalyk.
path n. ol;
n. oda;
n. relge;
n. oljagaz.
pathetic adj. gzgyny;
adj. gynanly.
pathogen n. kesel drediji;
n. zyanly mikroorganizm.
pathological adj. patologiki.
pathology n. patologia.
pathway n. ol.
patience n. sabyr;
n. kanagat.
patient adj. kanagatly;
adj. sabyrly;
adj. ydamly;
n. nsag;
n. syrkaw;
n. hassa.
patient (to be) n. sabyr etmek;
v. gi bolmak.
patriot n. watany;
n. watansji.
particular patriot
English Turkmen 88
patriotic n. watanylyk;
n. watansjilikili;
n. watanperwerlik.
patronize v. arka durmak;
v. aladasyny etmek.
pattern (i.e. for sewing) n. nusga;
n. nagy.
pattern (style) n. biw.
pattern n. surat.
pause v. durmak.
pause (break) n. arakesme;
v. saklanmak;
v. sem bolmak.
pave v. asfalt demek;
v. demek;
v. ol asamak.
pavement n. pyada oly;
n. trotuar(r);
n. delen ke.
pavilion n. adyr;
n. pavilon.
paw n. penje.
pawn n. sansyz adam;
n. pyada;
n. girew;
n. zamun saklanan adam;
v. girewine gomak;
v. kepillendirmek;
v. gw gemek.
pawn (in chess) n. pyada.
pawned adj. girewine golan.
pawned item n. girew.
pay n. tleg;
n. hak;
v. tlemek;
v. hakyna tutmak;
v. bergi bermek;
v. banka gomak;
v. ar almak;
v. zni demek.
pay attention v. ns bermek.
pay off v. bergini zmek.
pay [paid] v. tlemek.
pay (a great tribute) v. salgyt tlemek.
pay phone n. awtomat(r).
payment n. tleg;
n. hak.
pea n. nohut.
peace (calm) n. asudalyk;
n. agzybirlik;
n. rahatlyk;
peace of mind n. ynjalyk.
peace (opposite of war) n. parahatylyk.
peace (policy) n. parahatlyk;
n. asudalyk.
Peace Corps n. Parahatylyk Korpusy.
peaceful adj. parahat;
adj. asuda;
adj. agzybir.
peaceful (calm) adj. asuda;
adj. uwa.
peacekeeping troops n. parahatylygy saklaan
gounlar.
peach n. etdaly.
peacock n. tawus guy.
peak n. u;
n. okary derege;
n. dagy depesi;
n. depe;
n. okary nokat;
n. burun (gmi);
v. okary gterilmek;
v. depesine emek;
v. okary derej etmek.
peanut n. arahis(r).
peanut (nuts) n. mayz.
pear n. armyt.
pearl n. dr.
peas n. nohut.
peasant n. dahan;
pebble n. ownuk da;
n. agyl.
peck n. kplk;
n. iti zady degen yzy;
n. imit;
v. okjalamak;
v. okmak;
v. pmek;
v. idirmek;
v. mesel degip gemek.
peculiar adj. ytgeik;
adj. tsin;
adj. aratyn;
adj. mahsus.
pedagogical adj. pedagogika(r);
adj. mugallyma degili.
pedestrian n. pyada ren.
pedestal n. dereje;
n. mertebe;
n. abra.
pediatric adj. aga kesellerini degili;
adj. pediatrik(r).
pediatrician n. aga lukmany;
n. pediatr(r).
pediculosis (lice infection) n. bitlilik.
peel n. gabyk;
n. day;
n. harpyk;
v. artmak;
v. arassalamak;
v. sypyrmak;
v. kesmek.
peep n. jyklama;
n. ilkinji hle;
n. deik;
n. jrkldi;
v. jyklamak;
v. yyklamak.
peep (dare not to make a sound) v. jyky ykarmak.
peep (for dogs) v. jykyrmak.
peep (for birds) v. jrkldemek.
peer n. de-du;
n. aytda;
n. boda;
n. jemyeti okarky gat-
laryna degililik;
v. jinkerip seretmek;
v. jyklamak.
patriotic peer
English Turkmen 89
peg n. gazyk;
n. dyky;
n. ildirgi;
n. di;
n. aak (asama protez).
peg (for a tent) n. gazyk;
n. wealka(r).
peg v. gazyk kakmak;
v. kakmak.
pelvic adj. anaklyk.
pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) mt. anaklyk agzalaryny
sowuklama keselleri.
pelvis n. anaklyk.
pen n. ruka(r);
n. sya galam;
n. azyjy;
n. agyl;
v. azmak;
v. dzmek
v. gulplamak.
pen (for livestock) n. mal atak;
n. agyl.
pen-friend n. hat alyan dost/jora;
n. galamda.
penalty n. jerime;
n. jeza;
n. temmi.
pence n. pens (Anglia teesi).
pencil n. galam.
pencil box n. galam gaby;
n. galam guty.
pendant n. kulon(r);
n. elpe;
n. asma.
penetrate v. iine girmek;
v. bwsmek;
v. aralamak;
v. syzyp gemek.
penguin n. pingwin.
penicillin n., mt. penisilin.
peninsula n. arym ada.
pen-knife (Swiss army knife) n. akgy.
pen pal n. hat alyan dost/jora;
n. galamda.
penniless adj. pulsuz.
penny n. penni (AB-ny puly:
bir tee).
pension n. pensia(r).
pensioner n. pensioner(r).
pentagon n. bburlyk;
n. Pentagon (AB-ny
gorag ministrligi).
people n. halk;
n. adamlar;
n. il;
v. grip getirmek;
v. erledirmek.
pepper n. bur.
peptic ulcer mt. peptiki ara;
n. agazan arazy.
per pr. san.
per head adv. adam bayna.
per capita adv. adam bayna;
adv. kelle bayna.
per person adv. adam bayna.
perceive v. dnmek;
v. dumak.
percent n. gterim;
n. prosent(r).
percentage n. gterim.
perfect adj. kemiliksiz;
adj. aypsyz;
adj. hakyky;
adj. kmil;
adj. tejribeli;
adj. gutarnykly;
adj. dogry;
adj. etien.
v. kmilledirmek;
v. sdrmek;
v. tamamlamak.
perfection n. kmillik;
n. okary dereje.
perforate v. demek;
v. yrtylmak.
perform (a duty) v. erine etirmek.
perform (i.e. a play) v. yky etmek;
v. oun gomak.
perform well v. gowy yky etmek.
performance n. yky;
n. oun.
perfume n. atyr;
n. duhi(r);
n. hobo ys.
perhaps adv. mmkin;
adv. belki.
pericardium n.mt. perikard.
peril n. howp.
perilous adj. gorkuly;
adj. gorkunly.
perinatal adj.mt. perinatal
(gwreliligi 28-nji hep-
desinden dogandan so 7-
nji hepdesine enli).
perinatal mortality n. perinatal lm derejesi;
perinatal period n. perinatal dwr.
period n. wagt;
n. dwr (taryhy);
n. keseli gjen dowry;
n. bil aylma;
n. nokat (dyngy belgi);
n. mlet;
n. era;
n. sapak (mekdepde);
adj. wagta degili.
period of time n. mhlet.
period (punctuation mark) n. nokat.
period adj. dwrlein;
adj. mhletlein.
peripheral adj. etki.
peripheral nervous system mt. etki nerw ulgamy;
perish v. lmek;
v. wepat bolmak;
v. itirim bolmak;
v. zaalanmak;
v. zaalamak;
v. gowamak;
v. sowmak (pul, emlk)
peg perish
English Turkmen 90
permanent adj. hemielik.
permanent (wave for hair) n. himiki usul bilen bura
edilen sa;
adj. himia edilen(r).
permission n. rugsat;
n. ygtyar.
permission (give) v. rugsat bermek;
v. rugsat etmek.
permission letter n. ygtyarnama;
n. rugsatnama.
permit n. propusk(r);
n. rugsat haty.
permit v. rugsat etmek;
v. rugsat bermek;
v. ygtyar bermek.
perpetual adj. ebedi;
adv. mydama.
perplex v. utandyrmak;
v. aljyratmak.
persecute (by stalking) v. yzarlamak;
v. kowmak;
v. yzyna dmek;
v. rege dmek.
persecute (oppress) v. yzarlamak;
v. gysmak;
v. zulum etmek.
persecution n. yzarlanma;
n. atama.
perseverance n. tutanerlilik;
n. erjellik.
Persian adj. pars.
persimmon n. hurma.
persist v. erjellik etmek.
persistence n. erjellik.
persistent adj. tutanerli;
adj. erjel;
adj. erjen.
person n. adam;
n. kii;
n. ynsan.
personal adj. hususy;
adj. ahsy.
personal information n. ahsy maglumat.
personal pronoun n. at alymasy.
personal trainer n. ahsy tlimi.
personality n. ahsyet;
n. adam;
n. gylyk-hsiet;
n. ady belli adam;
n. ahsy durmu.
personally adv. hut zi;
adv. zi.
personnel n. tat(r);
n. kadrlar(r);
n. igrler.
perspective n. garay;
n. a-dnje;
n. i grmek;
n. e seretmek.
perspiration n. der;
n. derleme.
perspire v. derlemek.
persuade v. ynandyrmak;
v. yrmak.
pertain v. degili bolmak.
perverse adj. ters;
adj. aly;
adj. olan;
adj. bozulan.
pessimistic adj. Umytsyz;
adj. gwnikgn.
pest n. zyanke;
n. iakgyn hadysa;
n. iirdi.
pest (i.e. he is a~) n. yrege dgn;
n. iakgyn.
pesticide n. oba hojalykda mr-
mjekleri ldrn himiki
seride;
n. pestisit(r).
pet n. hawan;
v. sypalamak.
pet (for people) n. eziz grln;
adj. llik;
v. anatmak;
v. lliksiretmek.
petal n. gl apragy.
petition n. kplik arzasy;
v. kpliklein arz etmek.
petrol n. benzin(r);
n. angy.
petroleum n. nebit.
petticoat n. aal igi geimi;
n. podubnik(r);
adj. aallara degili.
petty adj. ownuk;
adj. ownuk-uak.
pharmaceutical adj. farmasewtiki(r);
adj. derman ndriji;
adj. melhemilik.
pharmacy n. dermanhana;
n. apteka(r).
pharyngitis mt. damagy sowuklamasy;
n. bokurdagy sowukla-
masy;
mt. faringit(r).
pharynx n. damak;
n. bokurdak.
phase n. dim;
n. dwr.
pheasant n. slgn.
phenomenal adj. tsin.
phenomenon n. tsin hadysa.
philanthropy n. hayr-sahawat;
n. adamkrilik.
philology n. filologia(r);
n. dil we edebiat
wrenn ylmy ugur.
philosopher n. filosof;
n. taglymaty.
philosophy n. filosofia.
philosophize v. theoretic meseleler bi-
len megullanmak;
v. filosofia ugrundan
dndirmek;
v. bilimsiremek.
philosophy n. pelsepe;
n. filosofia.
permanent philosophy
English Turkmen 91
phlegm n. gakylyk.
phobia n. gorky;
n. fobia (r).
phone n. telefon(r);
v. ja etmek;
v. telefon etmek.
phone card n. telefon karty.
phone number n. telefon nomeri.
phonetics n. fonetika(r).
phosphate n. fosfat.
phosphorous n. fosfor.
photo n. surat;
n. foto(r);
n. portret(r).
photo album n. surat albomy.
photocopier n. kopia mayny;
n. kseroks mayny.
photocopy n. kopia;
n. kseroks.
photograph n. surat;
n. foto(r);
n. fotografia(r);
v. surat almak.
photographer n. suraty.
photography n. surata drmeklik.
photosensitivity adj. agtylyk dugurlygy.
phrase n. szlem;
n. jmle;
n. adylan sz;
n. geplei;
n. bo sz;
v. sz bilen bean etmek.
physical n. fizika(r).
physical education n. bedenterbie.
physical therapy n. fizioterapia.
physical training n. bedenterbie.
physician n. doktor(r);
n. lukman.
physics n. fizika(r).
physiology n. fiziologia;
n. beden gurluy.
physique n. bedeni gurluy.
piano n. pianino(r).
pick (choose) v. salamak.
pick (i.e. cotton, fruit) v. ygmak;
v. olmak;
v. ygnamak;
v. plemek.
pick at v. rege dmek;
v. bahana gzlemek;
v. bahana etmek;
v. azar bermek;
v. ekidirmek;
v. bizar etmek;
v. drjemek.
pick up (select) v. salamak;
v. semek.
pick up (to raise) v. gtermek;
v. galdyrmak;
v. almak.
picked up (to be gathered) v. rilmek;
v. ygnanmak;
v. galdyrylmak.
picked (to be) v. salanmak.
pickpocket n. jbi ogrusy.
picture n. surat;
n. kino(r).
picturesque adj. owadan;
adj. grnkli;
adj. gzel;
adj. tsirli.
pie n. gutap.
pie in the sky n. bolmajak zat.
piece n. blek;
n. galyndy;
n. sany;
n. ama;
n. eser;
n. azylan i;
n. mysal;
v. amamak.
piece together v. birikdirmek.
piece into v. blmek.
piece (written) n. eser;
n. sahna(r).
piecework n. ii netejisi;
n. potrat i.
pier n. gmi duralgasy.
pierce v. drtp demek;
v. iinden gemek;
v. arasyndan gemek;
v. dnmek;
v. irkin ses etmek.
pig n. douz.
pigeon n. kepderi.
piglet n. jojuk.
pigment n. akal;
n. pigment(r).
pigmentation n. akal.
pike n. balyk;
n. naza;
n. hasa;
n. u.
pile n. topbak;
n. mek;
n. petde;
n. bir sri;
v. toplamak;
v. rmek;
v. rip gomak.
piled up adj. petde-petde.
pilgrim n. zyaraty.
pilgrim (to Mecca) n. hajy.
pilgrimage n. zyarat.
pill n. tabletka(r);
n. derman.
pillar n. stn;
n. prs.
pillar box n. pota aigi.
pillow n. assyk.
pillowcase n. assyk day.
pilot n. uarman;
n. pilot(r);
v. samolot srmek.
pimple n. dwrtik;
n. suwlyba.
pin n. iebagjyk.
n. temene;
phlegm pin
English Turkmen 92
v. temenelemek;
v. baglamak;
v. berkitmek.
pincers n. atagzy;
n. gysa.
pinch n. mmk.
pinch v. mmklemek;
v. burmak.
pinch (i.e. pain from a needle) v. sanmak.
pine for v. rek gysdrymak.
pine tree n. sosna agay.
pineapple n. ananas(r).
pinecone n. ika(r).
pink adj. glgne;
adj. ayk gyzyl;
adj. gyzgylt.
pinky (finger) n. kulembike.
pinpoint n. temen ujy;
n. kii biderek zat;
v. enemek;
v. nyana almak;
v. dogrulamak.
pint n. pint (0.57 litr).
pioneer n. pioner(r).
pious adj. dindar;
adj. dini;
adj. salykatly.
pipe n. turba;
n. ybyk;
n. tdk.
pipe (instrument) n. na.
pipe (for smoking) n. ilim ekiln mdk.
pipeline n. turba prowod(r);
n. turba.
pistachio n. pisse.
pistol n. sapana;
n. pistolet.
pit n. ukur;
n. gorp;
n. oluk;
n. duzak;
n. ahta;
n. parter (teatrda);
n. zyndan;
v. ukura gapgarmak;
v. ukur gazmak;
v. gmmek;
v. g deemek.
pit (fruit pit) n. nik.
pitch n. epbik;
n. garaag;
n. asphalt;
n. eit;
n. apgyt;
n. dereje;
n. nukdanazar (baga
tarapy);
n. medan;
v. epbedirmek;
v. hapalamak;
v. gap-garaka salmak;
v. garalmak;
v. egmek;
v. ykylmak;
v. dereje bellemek.
pitch (i.e baseball field) n. medan.
pitch (degree) n. dereje.
pitch (i.e. a ball) v. zymak.
pitch-black adj. ar gara.
pitch-dark adj. gzedrtme garaky.
pitcher n. termos(r).
pitchfork n. arak.
piteous adj. ejiz;
adj. naynjar;
adj. gzgyny;
adj. bire.
pitiable adj. gzgyny.
pitiful adj. gzgyny;
adj. gynanly;
adj. neresse.
pitiful thing (of animals) n. janawar.
pitiless adj. rehimsiz.
pity n. gynan;
n. rehim;
v. nebis agyrmak;
v. rehim etmek;
v. rehim inmek;
v. gynanmak.
pivot n. bolt (r).
pizza n. pissa.
placard n. plakat(r).
place n. er;
n. orun;
v. gomak;
v. erledirmek.
place (i.e. in a competition) n. orun.
place in front (favor) v. ileri tutmak.
place of birth n. doglan eri.
placebo n. mt. plasebo.
placenta n.mt. placenta;
n. mt. aga olday.
placid adj. arkayn;
adj. asuda;
adj. Rahat.
plague n. uma(r);
n. gyrgyn.
plain adj. neke;
adj. sada;
adj. ayk;
adj. dnkli;
adj. dz;
n. dzlk;
n. takyr.
plaintiff n. ikaaty;
n. arzay;
n. talapkr.
plaintive n. zaryn;
n. gamgyn.
plait n. sa rmi;
n. epin;
v. rmek;
v. epmek.
plan n. meilnama;
n. maksatnama.
plan (a sketch) n. yzgy;
n. plan(r);
v. meilledirmek;
v. maksatnama dzmek.
pincers plan
English Turkmen 93
plane n. tekizlik;
n. asylyk;
n. dereje (s);
n. uar;
n. samolot(r);
n. gorizont(r);
v. tekizlemek;
v. umak;
v. gamak.
plane (smooth a surface) v. onmak.
planet n. planeta;
n. er;
n. dn.
plank n. tagta;
n. asy tagta.
plant n. smlik;
n. hasyl;
n. ial;
n. gizlin er;
v. ekmek;
v. oturtmak;
v. girizmek;
v. ial girizmek;
v. gizlemek.
plant (factory) n. zawod;
n. krhana.
plantation n. plantasia;
n. ekin medany.
plantation (crops) n. ekin.
plasma n. gany reksiz suwuk
blegi;
n.mt. plazma(r).
plaster n. suwag;
n. plastyr(r);
n. gips gomak;
v. suwamak;
v. almak;
v. gatamak (gips aly);
v. agyryny enletmek.
plastic adj. plastik(r);
adj. plastmassadan(r);
adj. hekeltara;
adj. ee.
plate n. tarelka(r).
n. gap.
platelet n.mt. trombosit.
platform n. syasy maksatnama;
n. esasy relgeler;
n. asy tekizlik er.
platform (for a train) n. duralga;
n. platform(r).
platoon (i.e. military) n. wzwod(r);
n. topar.
platter n. tabak.
play v. onamak;
v. gmenmek;
v. ona gyzykmak.
play (theatrical play) n. oun;
n. pesa(r).
play (i.e. a game) v. onamak.
play upon v. adam onamak;
play off v. bir-birine kgrmek;
v. urudyrmak.
play (i.e. an instrument) v. almak.
player n. ouny.
playful adj. ounyl.
playground n. oun onalan
medana.
playing card n. ynalan kart.
playwright n. drama azyjysy;
n. dramaturg(r).
plea n. albarma.
plead v. albarmak;
v. aklamak.
plead for v. agyrmak (mysal: ura
gary herekete agyrmak);
v. aklamak.
pleasant adj. akymly;
adj. hoama;
adj. lezzetli;
adj. mhirli;
adj. mylaym;
adj. irin.
please v. aranmak;
v. hoal bolmak;
v. razy bolmak;
v. kayl bolmak;
v. hay etmek;
please (for a request) v. hay etmek;
adv. ba stne.
please (to~) v. lezzet bermek.
please (flatter) v. aranmak.
pleased adj. kayl;
adj. razy;
adj. at.
to be pleased v. kanagatlanmak.
pleasurable adj. mazaly.
pleasure n. hezil;
n. hezillik;
n. maza;
n. lezzet.
pleat n. epin.
pledge n. kasam;
n. bornama;
v. kasam etmek;
v. borlanmak.
plentiful adj. bol;
adj. hasylly.
plenty n. bolulyk;
n. bol-elinlik;
adj. bol;
n. kplk.
plenty of n. kn.
pliers n. atagzy;
n. gysa.
plot (in a garden) n. mellek;
n. uastok(r).
plot (a scheme) n. yzgy;
n. shema.
plot (of a book) n. eseri mazmuny;
plotting v. shemany yzmak.
plough (in UK) n. azal;
v. er srmek.
plow (in US) n. azal;
v. er srmek.
pluck v. tmek;
v. olmak;
n. batyrlyk;
plane pluck
English Turkmen 94
n. i-go.
pluck up courage id. batyrlygy toplamak.
plucky adj. batyr;
adj. urekli.
plug n. dyky.
plug (electrical) n. wilka(r).
plum n. garaly.
plump adj. semiz;
adj. myssyk;
adj. pkgi;
adj. tokga.
plunder n. ogurlyk;
n. aw;
v. talamak.
plunge n. mdrme;
n. batma;
v. mdrmek;
v. batyrmak;
v. sokmak.
plural n. kplk.
plus n. gomak;
n. bhbit;
n. hayr.
plus sign(+) n. gomak belgisi.
plush n. mahmal.
plywood n. uka aga;
n. faner.
P.M. adj .gnortandan so;
adj. ln.
pneumonia n. ken sowuklamasy.
pocket n. jbi;
n. kise;
v. jb salmak;
v. ze geirmek.
pocketbook n. gapjyk.
pocket-knife n. akgy.
pocket money n. sowalga;
podium n. podium(r).
poem n. gogy;
n. ygyr;
n. poema.
poem (short poem.) n. gazal.
poet n. ahyr.
poetry n. ahyrlyk;
n. ygyr;
n. ygyret.
poetry competition v. gogy adymak.
point (dot) n. nokat.
point (in a game) n. utuk.
point (objective) n. maksat;
n. sebp;
n. i.
point of view n. garay;
n. nukdanazar.
point (tip) n. u;
n. iti u.
point (at/out) v. gnkdirmek;
v. grkezmek (barmak
bilen).
pointed adj. ujy iti.
pointless adj. manysyz;
adj. netijesiz.
poison n. awy;
n. zher;
v. awulamak;
v. zherlemek.
poisonous adj. awuly;
adj. zherli.
poke v. drtmek.
Poland n. Pola.
polar n. polar.
pole n. prs;
n. gazyk;
n. syryk;
n. uzyn taak;
pole (e.g. North) n. polus(r).
polecat (skunk) n. alajagzen.
police n. polisia.
policeman n. polisia igri.
police station n. polisia uastogy.
policy n. syasat.
polio vaccine mt. poliomielit keseline
gary sanjym;
mt. ysmaza gary sanjym.
polish n. ylpyldy;
n. alpyldy;
v. ylmamak;
v. aldyratmak.
polished adj. ylmanak.
polite adj. edepli;
adj. sypay.
polite (for people) adj. sypaylykly.
political adj. syasy.
political scientist n. syasat meseleleri
bouna alym.
politician n. syasaty;
n. syasy igr.
politics n. syasat;
n. politika(r).
poll n. ses bermeklik;
n. sese goma;
v. ses bermek;
v. sesleri sanamak.
pollen n. tozga.
pollute v. hapalamak;
v. zaalamak.
polluted adj. hapalanan.
pollution n. hapa;
n. talandylar;
n. zir-zibil.
pollution (about a person) n. hapaylyk.
pomegranate n. nar.
pomp n. dabaralylyk;
adj. mes.
pond n. howdan;
n. howuz.
ponder v. olanmak.
ponderously adv. saldamly.
pony n. ta;
n. poni.
pool n. bassen(r);
n. howuz;
n. suw;
n. batga.
pool (a share) n. blek.
poor adj. garyp;
adj. grguli;
adj. eter-etmez;
pluck up courage poor
English Turkmen 95
adj. ejiz;
adj. gyt;
adj. ujypsyz.
poor quality adj. pes hilli.
poor thing (of animals) n. janawar.
poorly adv. erbet;
adv. gowak;
adj. ig.
pop out v. ykyp gitmek.
popcorn n. patrak.
Pope n. Rim papasy.
pop group n. estrada topary.
poplar n. derek.
popular adj. mehur;
adj. belli;
adj. tanymal;
adj. giden aran.
popularity n. mehurlyk;
n. hratlylyk.
populated adj. ilatly.
population n. halk;
n. ilat;
n. aajylar.
porcelain n. farfor.
porch n. seki;
n. basganak;
n. ewan.
pore n. jk;
n. deik.
pork n. douz eti.
porous adj. drtkli;
adj. deikli.
porridge n. a;
n. kaa;
n. le;
n. arma;
n. owos armasy.
port n. port(r);
n. gmi duralga.
portable n. gterip-gidip bolan.
portion n. pa;
n. l;
n. blek.
portion (serving) n. bir adamlyk.
portrait n. portret(r);
n. surat.
portray v. suratlandyrmak;
v. bean etmek;
v. ekillendirmek;
v. nagy ekmek.
Portugal n. Portugalia(r).
Portuguese adj. Portugal.
position n. agda;
n. mertebe.
position (job) n. wezipe.
position (location) n. er.
positive adj. kanagatlanarly;
adj. pozitiw;
adj. ynamly.
positive (grammatical) adj. barlyk.
possess v. (bir zat) edinmek;
n. ele almak.
posessesion n. eeleme;
n. ee bolmaklyk;
n. eeilik;
n. degili zat.
possessions n. emlk;
n. mlk;
n. ee bolmaklyk.
possessive adj. degili.
possessive case n. eelik dmi;
n. degililik dmi.
possessive prounoun n. degililik alymasy.
possible n. mmkin.
possibility n. mmkinilik.
post (job) n. wezipe.
post (wooden post) n. prs.
post (mail) n. pota.
post (bulletin) v. bildirii asmak.
post (to mail) v. pota bilen ibermek.
post-office n. pota(r).
postage n. pota ykdajysy.
postage stamp n. marka(r).
postal adj. pota(r).
postcard n. otkrytka;
n. ayk hat.
postcode n. pota indeksi.
poster n. afia(r);
n. plakat(r);
n. bildiri.
posterity n. nesil.
postman n. potalon(r);
n. potay.
postmenopausal adj. klimaksdan soky.
post-mortem adj. lmden soky;
n. medi kedip barlamaklyk.
postnatal period n. aga dogandan soky
dwr.
postoperative adj. operasiadan soky.
postpartum adj. dogrumdan soky.
postpone v. uzakladyrmak;
v. gara gomak;
v. baga gne geirmek.
post-traumatic adj. ikesden soky;
adj. trawmadan soky.
postural (orthostatic) hypotension mt. ortostatiki gipotenzia
(arteria gan bayyny
pes bolmagy).
posture n. bedeni agday;
n. gwrni tutu.
pot n. gazan;
n. piti;
n. gap.
pot (iron pot) n. taka.
potassium n. kali.
potato n. kartoska(r);
n. eralma.
potential n. mmkinilik;
adj. bolup biljek;
adj. mmkin.
pothole n. ukur.
pottery n. keramika sungaty;
n. keramiki gap-galar;
n. kze;
n, gola.
potty-training pot n. garok(r).
poultry n. gulary.
pounce v. penjelemek.
poor quality pounce
English Turkmen 96
pound (i.e. with a hammer) v. enmek;
v. dwmek;
v. urmak;
v. kakmak;
v. klni ykarmak.
pound (i.e. with fists) v. umruklamak.
pound (lit. and fig.) v. lemek.
pound n. funt (Anglia puly);
n. funt sterling(r).
pour v. gumak.
pour out v. dkmek.
poverty n. garyplyk;
n. gedalyk;
n. okluk;
n. mtlik.
powder n. porook(r);
n. toz;
n. pudra(r);
v. kle wrmek.
powder (also for make-up) v. pudra alynmak.
powdery adj. klke.
power n. hkm;
n. garat;
n. g;
n. kuwwat;
n. hkimiet;
n. agalyk.
power (math) n. dereje.
power engineer n. eliktrik(r).
powerful adj. gli;
adj. kuwwatly.
powerful (grow more) adj. glenen.
powerless adj. gsiz.
power station n. elektrostansia(r).
practical adj. praktiki(r);
adj. tejribeli.
practically adv. hakyky.
practice n. tejribe;
n. tlim;
v. tejribe etmek;
v. praktika gemek.
practice (in) adv. tejribede.
practitioner n. tejribeli lukman.
Prague n. Praga.
prairie n. shra;
n. dz.
praise n. wgi;
n. taryp;
n. wasp;
v. wmek;
v. taryplamak;
v. wasp etmek.
pray v. namaz okamak;
v. doga okamak;
v. ybadat etmek;
v. hudaa sede etmek.
pray (Christian) v. hudaa okunmak.
pray (for something) v. hudadan dileg etmek.
prayer n. namaz;
n. doga;
n. dileg;
n. hudaa okunma.
prayer rug n. namazlyk.
preach v. wagyz etmek.
precarious adj. ynamsyz;
adj. bo;
adj. delilsiz;
adj. esaslandyrylmadyk.
precaution n. glik;
n. tialyk.
precede v. bolup gemek;
precedent adj. ki;
adj. ozalky.
preceding n. bolyp geen;
n. ki.
precious adj. gymmat bahaly;
adj. gymmatly.
precipitation (i.e. rain, snow) n. agmyr;
n. ygal.
precise adj. takyk;
adj. dogry.
precision n. takyklyk;
n. dogrylyk.
predator n. yrtyjy.
predatory adj. wagy;
adj. talay.
predecessor n. bolup geen;
n. ki.
predicate n. habar (gram).
predict v. nden bilmek.
prediction n. bilgilik;
n. aklama;
n. nden atma.
predispose n. ak etmek;
n. guman etmek.
predisposition n. ykgyn etmek.
preface n. szbay.
prefer v. artyk grmek.
v. dogry hasaplamak;
v. ileri tutmak;
v. makul bilmek.
preference n. ileri tutma;
n. tapawut goma;
n. artykmalyk.
prefix (grammatical) n. prefiks.
pregnancy n. gwrelilik.
pregnant adj. gwreli.
pregnant (of an animal) adj. bogaz.
prehistoric adj. taryhdan ozalky;
adj. gadymy;
adj. taryha enli;
adj. gaty kne.
prejudice n. den galan ters pikir;
n. kne pikir;
n. alan dnje;
v. nden ynandyrmak;
v. ters ynam dretmek;
v. gep bermek;
v. zyan etirmek.
preliminary adj. garalama;
adj. ilki.
premenopausal adj. klimaksdan ki.
premier (opening) n. ayly.
n. premer(r).
premise n. nden dren ert;
n. balangy.
premises n. gozgalmaan emlk.
premium n. sylag;
pound premium
English Turkmen 97
n. gomaa tleg;
n. tialyk tleg;
n. okary hil.
prenatal adj. prenatal;
adj. dogrumdan .
prenatal care mt. gwreliligi gzegiligi;
mt. gwreliligi tmizligi.
prenatal period mt. dogurma enli dwr.
prenuptial adj. nikadan nki.
preoccupied adj. aladaly;
adj. baaga.
preparation n. taarlama;
n. taarlyk.
prepare v. taarlanmak;
v. taynlamak.
prepare (to prepare others) v. taarlamak.
prepared adj. taar.
prepared (to be) v. etidirilmek;
v. tayn bolmak.
preposition n. sebp;
n. bahana;
n. kmeki sz i
(gram).
prescribe (i.e. medicine) v. (derman) azyp bermek
(lukman tarapdan);
v. grkezme bermek.
prescription n. resept(r);
n. derman haty.
presence n. barlyk;
n. gatnamaklyk.
present n. sowgat;
n. serpa.
at present n. hzir;
n. u wagt.
present (time) n. hzirki wagt.
present (i.e. give) v. gowurmak.
present (i.e. show) v. grkezmek;
v. tanydyrmak.
present a gift v. sowgat etmek;
to be present v. bar bolmak;
v. gatnamak.
present tense n. hzirki zaman.
presentation n. yky.
presentiment n. nden duma.
preservation n. abatlyk;
n. btewilik;
n. tkellik;
n. gorag.
preserve n. goraghana;
n. zapowednik(r);
n. tomusdan gya taar-
lanylyp saklanan ir-
imiler;
v. goramak;
v. saklamak;
v. apyp saklamak.
preside v. olbaylyk etmek.
president n. prezident(r);
n. olbay.
press n. agram bilen basan
gural;
n. agram;
n. basy gji;
n. gysma;
n. basy;
n. zor salma;
v. basmak;
v. gysmak;
v. gysylmak;
v. kynylyk dretmek;
v. sykmak;
v. howlukdyrmak;
v. z dienide durmak;
v. tklemek
press (media) n. metbugat.
press (for publications) n. ap edi gural.
press (for clothes) n. dokma gural;
n. basgy.
press (i.e. a button) v. basmak.
press (squeeze) v. gysmak.
press (flatten) v. tekizlemek.
press (i.e. for time) v. howlukmak.
pressing adj. mhm;
adj. tutanerli.
pressure n. basy.
prestige n. abra;
n. at-abra.
prestigious adj. abraly.
presume v. talap etmek;
v. aklamak;
v. en etmek.
presumptuous adj. zune ynanan;
adj. zni dogry has-
aplaan;
adj. utansyz;
adj. gompy.
pretend v. jglige salmak;
v. bolan bolmak.
pretext n. alan bahana;
n. sebap.
pretty adj. owadan;
adj. ejejik;
adj. grmege.
pretty (attractive) adj. ajayp.
pretty (nice) adj. akymly;
adv. rn.
prevail v. agdyklyk etmek.
prevail over v. stn ykmak.
prevail on (convince) v. ynandyrmak;
v. yrmak.
prevalent adj. agdyklyk edyn.
prevent v. ni almak;
v. psgel bermek.
preventative adj. ni alan;.
prevention n. ni almaklyk;
n. ol bermezlik;
n. profilaktika.
preventative adj. ni alan.
previous adj. ki;
adj. ozalky;
adj. ten;
adj. geen.
previous to adv. enli.
previously adv. ozalky;
adv. .
prey v. tutmak;
v. awlamak;
n. aw;
prenatal prey
English Turkmen 98
n. olja;
n. sadaka.
prey (beast of ) n. yrtyjy hawan.
prey (fall ~to) v. gurban bolmak.
price n. baha;
n. nyrh;
v. bahalamak.
priceless adj. bahasyz;
adj. ran gymmat;
adj. gymmat bahaly.
prick v. sanmak.
prickly adj. sanan;
adj. tikenli.
pride n. busan;
n. guwan.
pride (take ~in) v. guwanmak.
express pride (boast) v. busanmak.
priest n. ruhany.
primary adj. balangy;
adj. esasy;
adj. ilkinji;
adj. ilki.
primary school n. balangy mekdep.
prime adj. ba.
prime (number) num. umumy.
prime minister n. premer ministr;
n. ba ministr.
primitive adj. neke;
adj. ilkidurmu;
adj. tebigy;
adj. irki dwrlere degili;
adj. kne;
adj. yza galak;
adj. medenietsiz.
prince n. azada (oglan).
princess n. azada (gyz).
principal adj. ba;
adj. esasy;
adj. mhm.
principal (of a school) n. mdr;
n. director.
principle n. relge;
n. prinsip(r).
principle (law) n. kanun.
principle (foundation) n. esas;
n. dzgn.
print n. ap.
print (i.e. paw print) n. yzy.
print (fabric with design) v. gl basmak.
printer n. aphana;
n. neir ediji;
n. printer.
printer (occupation) n. aphana igri.
printing n. ap;
n. ap ii.
priority n. birinjilik;
n. ilkinjilik;
adj. hmietli.
prison n. trmer(r);
n. tussag;
n. gazamat.
prisoner of war (POW) n. esir.
POW camp n. esirler lageri.
pristine adj. ilkinji;
adj. hakyky;
adj. ellenmedik;
adj. arassa.
privacy n. ekelik.
private adj. hususy;
adj. ahsy;
adj. iki;
adj. apyk.
private (in) adv. ikik.
privilege n. eillik;
n. aratyn hukuk.
privileged adj. eillikli;
adj. aratyn hukukly.
prize n. barak;
n. utu;
n. sylag;
v. okary baha bermek;
v. sylaglamak.
prize (give a) v. barak gowurmak.
prize (i.e. in the lottery) n. utu.
prize (i.e. in a competition) n. barak;
n. sylag.
prize (reward) n. pul baragy;
n. sylag.
prize recipient n. baraky.
probability n. htimallyk;
n. ak;
n. mmkinilik.
probably adv. mmkin;
adv. htimal.
probably (grammatical) (ph). jak/-jek aly.
probe v. barlamak;
v. synagdan geirmek.
problem n. mesele;
n. problema(r);
n. ylyrymly agda;
n. alada.
problem (no~) id. zyany ok;
id. problema ok.
procedure n. dzgn;
n. tertip;
proceed v. dowam etmek;
v. ugramak;
v. balamak;
v. smek;
v. hereket etmek.
proceeding n. hereket;
n. i;
n. wakalar;
n. teswirnama.
process n. proses(r);
n. gei;
n. gidi;
n. zgeri.
proclaim v. dabaraly yglan etmek;
v. jar etmek.
proclamation n. jarnama.
procure v. pjn etmek;
v. gazanmak;
v. edinmek.
produce v. ndrmek.
producer (i.e. of a play) n. oun goujy;
n. reisior(r).
product n. nm;
prey product
English Turkmen 99
n. haryt;
n. netije.
product (result) n. netije.
production n. ndrijilik;
n. nmilik;
n. i.
profession n. kr;
n. hnr.
professional adj. kde;
adj. hnrli;
n. ussat.
professor n. professor(r).
profit n. girdeji;
n. peda;
v. girdeji almak;
v. peda getirmek;
v. pedalanmak.
profit margin n. dewnt;
n. girdeji gterimi.
profitability n. peda;
n. dewntlilik;
n. girdejililik.
profitable adj. girdejili;
adj. pedaly;
adj. dewntli.
profligate adj. azgyn;
adj. ahlak tadan bozuk;
adj. bisarpa;
adj. pul sowagan.
profound adj. u;
adj. uur.
prognosis n. aklama.
program n. maksatnama;
n. meilnama;
n. programma(r).
progress n. e gidi;
n. s;
n. progress.
progress (development) n. s;
n. e gidi;
v. e gitmek;
v. utu gazanmak.
progressive adj. e gidn.
prohibit v. gadagan etmek.
prohibited adj. gadagan.
prohibition n. gadagan.
project n. proekt(r);
n. taslama;
v. proektirlemek;
v. dzmek.
projector n. proektor(r);
prolific adj. hasylly;
adj. bereketli;
adj. ba.
prolong v. uzakladyrmak;
v. wagtyy uzaltmak.
prominent adj. belli;
adj. tanymal;
adj. mehur;
adj. grnkli.
promiscuity n. ahlaksyzlyk;
n. azgynylyk.
promiscuous adj. ahlaksyz.
promise n. wada;
n. sz;
v. sz bermek;
v. wada etmek.
promise (break a) v. lebziden dnmek.
promise (keep a) v. lebzide durmak.
promote (i.e. for a job) v. krde ulaltmak;
v. okarlandyrmak;
v. okary galdyrmak;
v. okary ekmek;
v. sdrmek;
v. wezipede begelmek.
promote (advertise) v. reklama etmek;
v. aratmak.
promote (support fig.) v. goldamak;
v. ardam etmek.
promotion n. s;
n. okary wezip ekilme;
n. reklama.
prompt adj., adv. alt;
adj., adv. alasyn;
adj., adv. tiz;
adj. dbi;
adv. wagtynda;
n. atlama;
v. itergi bermek;
v. sebp bolmak;
v. atlatmak.
prompt (force) v. mejbur etmek.
prompt (whisper, help) v. uwa atmak;
v. pyyrdap atmak.
prompter n. suflor(r).
pronoun n. alyma.
pronounce v. atmak;
v. dimek.
pronounced (to be) v. adylmak.
pronunciation n. adyly;
n. szlei.
proof n. subut;
n. subutnama.
prop n. direg;
n. seg;
v. semek.
propaganda n. wagyz-nesihat;
n. propaganda(r).
proper adj. degili;
adj. hakyky;
adj. dogry;
adj. edepli;
adj. hormatly.
proper (religious word) adj. wagyz.
proper (suitable) adj. mahsus bolan;
adj. dogry.
proper name n. dogry at.
properly adv. mazaly;
adj. mazalyja.
property n. emlk;
n. mlk;
n. eeilik;
n. hsiet;
property (things) n. go;
n. emlk.
property (characteristics) n. hsiet.
property (land) n. eeilik;
n. mlk.
product property
English Turkmen 100
prophesy n. nnden atma.
prophet n. pygamber;
n. weli;
n. bilgi;
n. bellik;
n. alamat;
n. yarat.
proportion n. proporsia(r);
n. gatnayk.
proposal n. teklip.
propose v. teklip etmek;
v. sz atmak.
proposition n. teklip;
n. meilnama;
n. plan(r);
n. proekt(r).
proprietor n. ee;
n. hojayn.
props (supports) n. direg.
prose n. kyssa;
n. proza(r).
prosecute v. yzarlamak (sud sti bilen);
v. talap arzasyny bermek;
v. dowam etdirmek;
v. deremek.
prosecutor n. prokuror.
prospect n. umyt;
n. mmkinilik;
n. geljek;
n. ekil.
propensity n. meil.
proposal n. sz;
n. teklip.
prosper v. e gitmek.
v. gllp smek;
v. gllemek;
v. amatly ert dretmek;
v. baamak.
prosperity n. abadanylyk;
n. eret;
n. pjnilik;
n. gllp sme;
n. glleme.
prosperous adj. abadan;
adj. gllp sn;
adj. gllen.
prosthesis n. protez(r).
prostrate adj. halys bolan;
adj. ysgyndan gaan.
protect v. goramak;
v. goldamak.
protected adj. goragly.
protection n. gorag;
n. goldaw.
protector n. gorajy;
n. howandar.
protg n. howandarly ediln
adam.
protein n. belok;
n. okumlylyk.
protest n. garylyk;
v. gary ykmak;
v. garylyk grkezmek.
protrude v. bonuy uzatmak;
v. ykyp durmak.
protrusion n. ykyp duran er.
proud adj. busanly;
adj. guwanly.
proud (to be) v. busanmak.
v. guwanmak.
proudly adv. busanly;
adv. guwanly.
prove v. subut etmek;
v. tassyklamak;
v. delillendirmek;
v. barlamak;
v. bolup ykmak.
proverb n. nakyl.
provide v. pjn etmek;
v. taarlap gomak;
v. nden taaarlamak.
provide (a living) v. gzerana gazanmak.
provided for adj. pjn edilen.
providence n. gudrat;
n. keramat;
n. dengrjilik.
province n. welaat;
n. oba.
provision n. pjnilik;
n. azyk;
n. azyk nmleri;
n. aryp goulan nahar.
provocation n. kgrijilik;
n. nrazylyk;
n. prowokasia(r).
provocative adj. gyzma;
adj. gdek.
provoke v. kgrmek;
v. jejel turuzmak;
v. nrazylyga sebp bolmak.
prudent adj. seresap;
adj. pahasly;
adj. parasatly;
adj. akylly.
psyche n. psihika(r).
psychiatrist n. psihiator(r).
psychiatry n. ruhy keselleri hakyn-
daky ylym.
psychology n. psihologia(r).
pub n. bar.
puberty n. jynsy etime.
public (association) n. jemgyet;
n. jemgyetilik.
public (the people) n. jemagat.
public (open to all) n. jemgyet.
public bath n. hammam.
public (in) adv. mrekede.
public speaker n. dilewar adam;
n. suhang.
publication n. ap etme;
n. neir etme.
publicity n. ayklyk;
n. ohratlyk;
n. bildiri.
publish v. ap etmek;
v. neir etmek.
publisher n. aphana;
n. neir ediji.
prophesy publisher
English Turkmen 101
publishing house n. aphana;
n. neirat.
puddle n. batgalyk;
n. dklen suw.
puff (i.e. of wind) n. wsgn.
puff (blow) n. fleme;
n. emal.
puff (smoke) n. tsse;
v. tsselemek.
puff (to blow) v. flemek.
puff (i.e. out of breath) v. halamak.
puffy adj. semiz.
pull v. ekmek;
v. dartmak.
pull out v. ykarmak.
pulmonary adj. ken.
pulp n. jylka;
n. umak et.
pulsate v. damar urmak;
v. pulsirlemek.
pulse n. puls(r);
n. damary urgusy.
pump n. nasos;
v. elllendirmek;
v. iirmek;
n. elini ykarmak.
pumping station n. nasos stansiasy.
pumpkin n. kdi.
punch n. urgy;
n. umruk urgusy;
v. umruk bilen urmak;
v. umruklamak.
punch (i.e. ~a hole) v. demek.
punctual adj. wagtynda.
punctuation n. dyngylama.
punctuation mark n. dyngy belgisi.
puncture n. deik;
v. demek.
punish v. jeza bermek;
v. jezalandyrmak.
punish (i.e. in school) v. temmi bermek.
punishment (i.e. in school) n. temmi.
punishment (severe) n. jeza.
pupil n. okuwy.
pupil (in the eye) n. gre.
n. gz garasy.
puppet n. gurjak.
puppy n. gjk agasy.
purchase n. satyn alma;
v. satyn almak.
pure adj. arassa;
adj. pk;
adj. pkize;
adj. ts;
adj. btinle.
purge n. aklama;
n. arassalama.
purification n. durlama.
purify (cleanse of sins) v. gn dkmek.
purify (i.e. water) v. durlamak.
purify (to clean) v. arassalamak.
purity n. arassaylyk;
n. aypsyzlyk.
purple adj. ernil;
adj. badam renk.
purpose n. meil;
n. maksat;
n. hyal.
purpose (on) adv. rite;
adj. bilgelein.
purse n. gapjyk.
pursue v. yzarlamak;
v. kowalamak;
v. deremek.
pursued (to be) v. yzarlanmak.
pursuit n. yzarlama;
n. kowalama.
pursuit (i.e. in a war) n. basyp alma.
pus n. iri.
push n. itergi;
n. urgy;
n. basy;
n. batly silkinme;
n. erjellik;
n. tagalla.
push (lit. and fig.) v. iteklemek;
v. itelemek;
v. itmek;
v. basmak;
v. talap etmek.
push (back and forth) v. iteklemek.
push (move) v. srmek.
push against v. diremek.
push button adj. dwme.
push forward v. dowam etmek;
v. e srmek.
put [put] v. gomak;
v. atmak;
v. salmak
v. erledirmek;
v. berkitmek;
v. balamak;
v. semek;
v. gnkdirmek.
put a curse on v. nletlemek.
put away v. aryp gomak.
put down v. atyrmak.
put (write down) v. azmak.
put forward (show off) v. teklip etmek;
v. e atmak.
put in v. dykmak.
put in order v. tertibe salmak.
put in order (to be) v. tertipledirilmek.
put into effect v. gje girizmek.
put off v. yza srmek.
put on (i.e. clothes) v. gemek.
put on (i.e. jewelry) v. dakmak.
put on (i.e. make-up) v. kosmetika almak.
put out (i.e. fire) v. rmek.
put pressure (on somebody) v. gysmak;
v. basmak;
v. howlukdyrmak.
put somebody down v. kieltmek;
v. masgaralamak.
put someone up v. myhman almak.
put to shame (terribly) v. namysa degmek;
v. utandyrmak.
put through (on the phone) v. birikdirmek.
publishing house put through
English Turkmen 102
put up v. galdyrmak.
put up with v. ydamak;
v. kanagat etmek.
puzzle n. tapmaa;
n. matal.
puzzle over v. kelle dwmek;
v. alada galmak.
pajamas n. piama(r).
pyramid n. piramida.
quack n. gak-gak;
v. gak-gak etmek;
v. gagyldamak.
quail n. bedene.
qualification n. hnr;
n. kr;
n. kwalifikasia(r).
quality n. hsiet;
n. hil.
quantity n. mber;
n. mukdar;
n. san.
quarantine n. karantin(r).
quarrel n. jedel;
n. dawa;
v. jedellemek;
v. terslemek;
v. dawalamak.
quarry n. karer.
quarter (1/4) n. rek.
quarter (1/4) n. drtden bir blegi;
n. kwartal(r);
n. AB-ny 25 sent
(teesi aly).
quarter (in England) n. etrap.
quarter (lodgings) n. aay jay.
quarter (mercy) n. rehim.
quay n. kenar.
queen n. aal patya;
n. koroly aaly;
n. korolewa.
queen (in chess) n. perzi.
queer adj. ge;
adj. tsin.
quench v. rmek;
v. sowatmak;
v. suwa gandyrmak;
v. berkitmek;
v. badyny basmak;
v. sesini godurmak;
v. geplemez aly etmek.
quest n. gzleg;
n. agtarma;
v. gzlemek.
question n. sorag;
n. mesele;
n. pikir;
n. bhe;
n. mmkinilik;
v. soramak;
v. bhelenmek;
v. deremek.
question (to doubt) v. bhelenmek.
questionnaire n. sowalnama.
queue n. nobat;
v. nobat tutmak.
quick adj. alt;
adj. alasyn;
adj. akgan;
adj. tiz.
quickly adj. alt;
adv. tiz;
adv. gyssagly;
adv. basym.
quick-tempered adj. gyzma.
quick-wittedness adj. dbi.
quicken v. tizledirmek;
v. altladyrmak.
quiet adj. uwa;
adj. sessiz;
adj. msm;
adj. rahat;
adj. gymyldysyz;
adj. ola (er);
adj. sada;
adj. neke;
adj. gizlin.
quiet (calm) adj. rahat.
quiet (peaceful) adj. asuda;
adj. msm;
adj. dyn.
quiet down v. ynjalmak;
v. uwaamak.
quiet down (calmed down) v. rahatlanmak.
quietly adv. uwa;
adv. msm;
adv. rahat;
adv. asuda.
quill n. gu elegi.
quilt n. per organ.
quilted jacket n. gpbi.
quince n. awa(r);
n. bei.
quit [quit, quit] v. gitmek;
v. talamak;
v. iden ykmak;
v. boatmak;
v. gutarmak;
v. zi alyp barmak;
adj. bo.
quit (a job) v. iden ykmak.
quite adv. rn;
adv. ts;
adv. gaty;
adv. doly;
adv. btinle.
quite enough (exclamation) v. eterlik.
quite enough (quite true) exclam. hakyky.
quits (i.e. be~) adj. hasaplaan.
quiver v. titremek;
Q q
put up quiver
English Turkmen 103
v. sandyramak;
n. titreme;
n. galpyldy.
quiz n. barlag i;
n. soragnama.
quotation n. sitata(r).
quotation marks n. goa dyrnak.
quote v. setirlemek;
v. sitata getirmek;
v. salgylanmak.
Quran n. Gurhan.
R r
rabbit n. towan.
rabid (lit. and fig.) adj. guduzlan.
rabies n. guduz;
n. guduzlama.
race n. ary;
n. apyyk;
n. kowma;
n. alt akym;
n. durmuyn tizligi;
v. arymak;
v. apyymak;
v. apmak;
v. hadamak.
race (competition) n. apyyk;
n. ary;
race (running) n. ylgaw.
race (ethnicity) n. jyns;
n. rasa(r).
race around v. howlukmak.
race driver n. rya gatnayjy.
race off (leave suddenly) v. itirim bolmak;
v. grm-jrm bolmak.
racetrack n. alaw.
racial adj. jynsy;
adj. jyns tadan.
racism n. jynsparazlyk.
racist n. jynsparaz;
adj. jynsparazly.
racket n. raketka (tennis);
n. goh;
n. galmagal;
n. baagalyk;
n. aljyraylyk;
n. ala-jenjel;
n. aldaw;
n. reket(r);
v. goh etmek;
v. kep ekmek;
v. aldaw a-da zorluk bilen
talamak.
radar n. radar(r).
radiant adj. hleli;
adj. hle saan;
n. parlak.
radiator n. radiator(r).
radiation n. hlelenme;
n. radiasia(r).
radical adj. dpli;
n. esasy;
n. radikal.
radio n. radio(r).
radioactive adj. radioaktiw.
radio station n. radiostansia(r).
radiology n. medisinada diagnostika
we kesel bejeride hle
tsirini wrenn ylym;
n. radiologia;
n. rentgen baradaky ylym.
radiotherapy n. radioterapia.
radish n. rediska(r);
n. turp.
rafter n. taak;
n. prs.
rag n. esgi;
n. kne-sanalar;
n. goh-galmagal;
v. goh etmek;
v. sgmek.
rage n. gahar-gazap;
n. g;
n. hyjuw;
v. gazaba mnmek;
v. jany anmak;
v. mwjemek;
v. janykmak.
ragged adj. knelen;
adj. perian;
n. elean;
n. yrtyk.
raid n. hjm;
n. barlag;
n. red(r).
rail n. basganjagy tutalgasy;
n. kese aga.
railing n. germew;
n. haat.
railroad n. demirol.
railroad station n. wokzal(r);
n. otly menzili.
railway n. demir ol.
railway station n. demir ol menzili.
rain n. agy;
n. agmyr;
v. agy agmak;
v. gumak (agy).
rainbow n. lemgoar.
raincoat n. pla(r);
n. apynja.
raindrop n. agy damjasy.
rainforest n. tropiki tokay.
rainy adj. agyly;
adj. agmyrly;
adj. ygally.
rainy season n. ygally mwsm.
raise n. okary galdyrma;
n. gowylandyrma;
n. okary ekilme;
quiz raise
English Turkmen 104
v. okary galdyrmak;
v. turuzmak;
v. sebp bolmak;
v. ruhlandyrmak;
v. kpeltmek;
v. ulaltmak;
v. sdrmek (aga, sm-
lik, hawan);
v. gurmak (ja);
v. galdyrmak (mesele, ses,
hamir, wgi);
v. balamak;
v. ygnamak (pul);
raise (elevate) v. begelmek;
v. galdyrmak.
raise (i.e. a child) v. terbielemek.
raise (i.e. children or crops) v. etidirmek;
v. sdrmek.
raise (i.e. a price or ones hand) v. galdyrmak.
raise (i.e. quality) v. okarlandyrmak.
raise (lift) v. gtermek.
raised (to be) v. etidirilmek.
raise ones voice v. sesie bat bermek;
v. sesi kpeltmek.
raise ones hopes v. umytlandyrmak;
v. ruhlandyrmak.
raisin n. kimi.
rake (i.e. for leaves) n. dyrmyk;
v. dyrmyklamak.
ram n. go;
n. erkek-eek;
n. bwsp urma;
v. ssmek;
v. lemek;
v. bwsp gemek;
v. depgilemek;
v. doldurmak.
Ramadan n. Oraza baramy;
n. remezan ay.
ranch n. maldar hojalygy.
rancher n. maldar.
random adv. ttnden;
adv. pikirlenmn.
range n. hatar;
n. setir;
n. yzyk;
n. ugur;
n. k;
n. gerim;
n. mber;
v. aylmak;
v. uzalmak;
v. hatara dzmek;
v tertibe salmak.
range (stove) n. plita.
rank n. mertebe.
rank n. setir;
n. hatar;
n. nyzam;
n. dereje.
ransom n. tleg;
v. tlp boatmak.
rape v. namysa degmek;
v. zorlamak.
rapid adj. alt.
rapidly adv. tiz.
rapture n. tsin galma;
n. haran galma.
rare adj. serek;
adj. tsin.
rarely adv. serek.
rash (irritation) n. iteen;
n. rgn;
adj. gaharly.
rash (i.e. without thinking) adj. howlukma;
adj. onalynman;
adj. pahassyz.
rat n. alaka.
rate (speed) n. depgin;
n. tizlik;
n. grkezijiler.
rate (worth) n. leg;
n. nyrh;
n. haky.
rate (i.e. tax for land) n. salgyt.
v. bahalandyrmak.
rather adv. disen;
adv. gowusy;
adv. eterlik.
ratified (to be) v. tassyklanmak.
ratify (i.e. a treaty) v. tassyklamak.
ration n. pa;
n. azyk normasy(r);
n. mber;
v. palamak.
rational adj. olanyykly;
adj. phimli.
rattle v. gmpldetmek;
v. akyrdatmak.
rattle (fidget) v. arkyldatmak.
rattle (i.e. ~ing fingers) v. tykyrdamak;
n. akyrdawuk.
ravage v. weran etmek.
rave v. biderek geplemek.
raven n. garga;
adj. gap-gara;
v. awlamak (hawan
barada).
ravine n. jlge;
n. dere.
raw (uncooked) adj. ig;
n. bimedik.
raw material n. ig mal.
rawness n. iglik.
ray n. hle;
n. agtylyk;
v. hlelendirmek;
v. nur samak.
razor blade n. pki.
reach v. uzatmak (eli);
v. etirmek;
v. aratmak;
v. ykarmak;
v. almak;
v. alyp bermek;
v. ynandyrmak;
v. birikmek (telefonda);
v. etmek;
raise reach
English Turkmen 105
v. dnmek.
reach a decision v. pikire gelmek;
v. ylalayga etmek.
react v. wmek;
v. seslenmek;
v. jogap bermek;
v. garayy bildirmek.
reaction n. reaksia(r);
n. jogap.
read [read, read] v. okamak;
v. bean etmek;
v. zmek;
v. dnmek;
v. dndirmek;
v. pal atmak;
v. wrenmek.
reader n. okyjy.
readiness n. taarlyk.
reading n. okays.
reading room n. okalga.
ready adj. taar;
adj. tayn.
real adj. hakyky;
adj. yn.
real estate n. gozgalmaan emlk.
realistic adj. aly;
adj. bolup biljek.
reality n. hakykat.
realize v. erine etirmek;
v. amala ayrmak;
v. dnmek;
v. satmak.
realize (to become aware of) v. amak;
v. dnmek.
realize (to make real) v. amala ayrmak;
v. erine etirmek.
really adv. hakykatdan;
adv. dogrudan.
reap v. ormak;
v. hasyl ygnamak;
v. netije almak.
reaper v. oraky;
v. orak mayny.
rear v. aga sdrmek;
v. sdrmek (smlikler,
mal);
n. gurmak;
n. galdyrmak;
n. ese;
n. yz;
n. hajathana;
n. arka tarap;
n. gruk.
rear (i.e. a child) v. sdrmek;
v. terbielemek.
rearrange v. tzeden oarydyrmak.
rear up (i.e. a horse) v. arpaa galmak.
reason n. sebp;
n. delil;
n. esas;
n. hu;
n. a;
n. pahas;
v. pikirlenmek;
v. ynandyrmak;
v. delil getirmek;
v. ara alyp maslahatlamak.
reason (logic) n. pahas.
reasonable adj. eleterli;
adj. adyl;
adj. dogry;
adj. pahasly;
adj. erlikli.
reasoning n. delil.
reassure v. tassyklamak;
v. ynandyrmak.
rebel n. gozgalay;
n. topalay;
v. gary ykmak;
v. gozgala turuzmak.
rebellion n. gozgala;
n. topala.
rebelious adj. pitneli.
rebirth v. galkynmak;
v. tzeden dogulmak;
v. dikelmek.
rebuild v. abadanladyrmak;
v. tzeden gurmak.
recall v. ada salmak.
recall (i.e. an item/person) v. yzyna agyrmak.
recapture v. yzyna almak.
recede v. yza gamak;
v. boun gayrmak;
v. dnmek;
v. peselmek;
v. pese dmek.
recede (for hair) v. dmek.
receipt (from a store) n. dil haty;
n. kwitansia(r).
receive v. almak;
v. kabul etmek.
receive (guests) v. myhman almak.
receiver n. alyjy.
receiver (telephone) n. trubka(r).
recent adj. akynda bolan;
adj. akyn.
recently adv. arada;
adv. ay-akynda;
adv. golada.
reception n. kabul edi;
n. duuyk;
n. ygnak;
n. kabulhana;
n. dugurlyk.
reception desk n. bellige almak;
n. registrasia(r).
receptionist n. sekretar(r);
n. kabulhanay.
receptor n. reseptor(r).
recession n. yza gaydy;
n. aak d.
recipe n. resept(r).
recirculation n. gatadan ylany;
n. gatadan alanmaklyk.
recite n. atdan atmak.
recite (~ a poem) n. ygyr okamak.
reckless adj. biperwa;
adv. yzyny pikirlenmn;
reach a decision reckless
English Turkmen 106
n. pikirlenmn;
n. jogapkriliksiz;
n. pahassyz.
reckon v. hasap etmek;
v. pikir etmek;
v. tmek;
v. sanamak.
reckoning n. hasap.
recognition n. anyklama;
n. ze ykarma;
n. ykrar etme.
recognizable adj. tanalan;
adj. tanymal.
recognize v. tanamak;
v. dnmek;
v. gadyryny bilmek;
v. sylamak;
v. ykrar etmek;
v. hasap etmek;
v. salamlamak;
v. sz bermek.
recognize (officially recognize) v. ykrar etmek.
recognize (someone) v. tanamak.
recollect v. ada salmak.
recollection n. atlama.
recommend v. hdrlemek;
v. maslahat bermek.
recommendation n. maslahat;
n. teklip;
n. hdr.
recompense n. wezi;
n. sylag;
n. temmi;
v. wezini doldurmak;
v. sylaglamak.
reconcile v. aramak;
v. aradyrmak;
v. oumak;
v. wrenimek;
v. gabat getirmek.
reconcile (after a divorce) v. birikmek.
reconcile (i.e. after a fight) v. aramak;
v. goulmak.
reconcile (i.e. make others ~) v. aradyrmak.
reconnaissance n. gzleg.
reconstruct v. tzeden gurmak;
v. gatadan guramak;
v. tgetmek.
reconstruction n. tgedip gurma;
n. tgetme.
record n. maglumat;
n. azgy;
n. hasap;
n. bellik;
n. hsietnama;
n. stnlik;
n. rekord(r);
v. azgy etmek;
v. azmak;
v. bellige almak.
record (break a ~) v. record gomak.
record (musical) n. azgy.
record (sports) n. sport rekordy.
recording (i.e. musical or written) n. azgy.
recover (from an illness) v. aaga galmak;
v. daanmak;
v. gutulmak;
v. sagalmak;
v. dikelmek;
v. gadyp almak.
recovery n. gutulma;
n. sagalma.
recreation n. dyn;
n. atlanma;
n. gwni ama;
n. dyn aly;
n. tzeden dreme.
recruit n. tze alnan esger;
n. tze gelen;
n. tze grn (biol.);
n. harby gulluga akylyk;
v. gulluga agyrmak;
v. ygnamak;
v. ie almak;
v. ulalyp etimek;
v. glendirmek;
v. gutulmak.
rectangular adj. drtbur;
adj. drtbur ekilde.
rectory n. dini gurama.
recuperation n. gutulma;
n. ykdajylary demeklik;
n. galyndylary gatadan
ilemeklik;
n. electric energiasyny
yzyna gatarmaklyk.
recur v. bir pikire zol gadyp
durmak;
v. gatalanyp durmak;
v. zlenmek.
recurrence n. gadyp gelmegi;
n. gatalanma.
recurrent adj. gatalanan.
recycle v. gatadan ilemek.
red adj. gyzyl;
adj. gyrmyzy;
adj. al.
Red Crescent n. Gyzyl aryma.
Red Cross n. Gyzyl Ha.
redden v. gyzarmak.
redecorate v. tzeden bezemek;
v. tzeden guramak.
redeem v. demek;
v. erine etirmek.
rediscover n. tzeden amak.
redirect v. gatadan ugur kesgitle-
mek.
reduce v. azaltmak;
v. peseltmek;
v. horlanmak;
v. pese dmek.
reduce (i.e something is reduced) v. kemelmek.
reduce (i.e. you reduce something) v. kemeltmek.
reduced (to be) adj. azaldylan;
adj. kemeldilen;
adj. kieldilen;
v. azalmak.
reduction n. peseli;
reckon reduction
English Turkmen 107
n. peseltme.
reed n. gamy;
n. irik.
reel n. tegek;
n. tigir;
v. towlamak;
v. alamak.
reel (stagger) v. entireklemek;
v. bdremek.
re-establish v. dikeltmek;
v. dzetmek .
refer v. ugratmak;
v. ibermek.
v. maslahatlamak;
v. barlamak;
v. salgylanmak;
v. degili bolmak;
v. yatlap gemek.
refer to v. salgylanmak.
reference (book) n. maglumat (kitapasy).
referendum n. ses berme.
referral n. ugratma;
n. salgylanma.
referee n. kazy;
v. suda(r);
n. kepil bolan adam;
v. syny.
refine (oil) v. gatadan ilp ykarmak.
refinery n. gatadan ilp ykaran
zawod.
reflect v. grkezmek;
v. hlelendirmek;
v. tsir etmek;
v. olanmak.
reflect (on pictures) v. grkezmek (ekilde);
v. suratlandyrmak;
v. ekillendirmek.
reflect (like reject) v. serpikdirmek.
reflect (the light ~s) v. hlelenmek.
reflection n. pikirlenme;
n. hlelendirme;
n. yzyna gatmaklyk
(hle, ses).
reflective adj. yzyna gataryp
grkezn;
adj. yzyna serpikdira.
reflex n. refleks.
reflexive pronoun n. gadym alymasy.
reflux n. yza gatma.
reform n. zgertme;
v. tgetmek.
refraction n. refraksia(r).
refractory adj. tsire durnukly;
adj. bejerip bolmaan;
adj. kesel almaan;
adj. ot almaan;
adj. kesir (adam).
refrain v. saklanmak.
refresh v. tgetmek;
v. tzelemek.
refreshment (fresh strength) n. kuwwatlanma.
refreshments (light food) n. eil nahar.
refrigerate v. sowatmak.
refrigerator n. holodilnik(r);
n. sowadyjy.
refuge (to take) v. halas bolmak;
n. gaalga.
refugee n. bosgun;
n. gagak.
refugee camp n. bosgunlar lageri.
refugee crisis n. gagynylyk.
refund v. puly yzyna gaytarmak.
refusal n. ret etme;
n. boun gayrma.
refuse v. boun gayrmak;
v. ret etmek;
v. inkr etmek;
v. birden durmak (at
barada);
n. hapa;
n. galyndy.
refuse (i.e. rubbish) n. hapa;
n. zibil.
refute v. alana ykarmak.
regain v. tzeden gazanmak;
v. tzeden kabul etmek.
regain consciousness v. zne gelmek.
regard n. ns;
n. sylag;
n. hormat;
n. degililik;
n. nsli baky;
v. samak;
v. seretmek (mesel);
v. degili bolmak;
v. nazarda tutmak;
v. sylamak;
v. ns bilen seretmek.
regard (i.e. with respect) v. hasap etmek.
regard (i.e. about him) v. garamak.
regard (in ~s to) phrs. hakda;
prep. barada.
regards n. salam.
regarding adv. hakynda;
prep. barada.
regardless adv. garamazdan.
regenerate v. tzeden emele gelmek.
regeneration n. tzeden emele gelme.
regime n. reim(r);
n. gurlu;
n. dzgn;
n. kada-kanun;
n. tertip.
regimen n. (sagdyn) durmu
dzgnleri;
n. dzgn;
n. dwlet gurluy.
regiment n. polk(r);
n. pyada goun gullugy;
n. kplk;
n. hkimet;
n. dwlet gurluy;
v. goun dretmek;
v. topar dretmek;
v. tertipledirmek.
region n. etrap(r);
n. sebit;
n. lke.
reed region
English Turkmen 108
region (province) n. welaat.
register n. sanaw;
v. bellige almak;
v. bellemek.
register (i.e. class register) n. urnal(r).
registered nurse (RN) mt. epagat uasy;
mt. okadylan epagat
uasy.
registration office n.hasaba alynan otag.
regret n. kn;
n. ahmyr;
n. gynan;
v. knmek;
v. ahmyr etmek;
v. gynanmak;
v. nebis agyrmak;
v. rek awamak.
regrettably adv. nebsi agyrsa-da;
adv. gynansakda;
conj. gynanly.
regular adj. hemieki.
regular (i.e.in order) adj. yzygiderli;
adj. dogry.
regularly adv. yzygiderli;
adv. mydama.
regulate v. tertibe salmak;
v. dzetmek;
v. kadaly agdaa getirmek;
v. sazlamak.
regulation n. dolandyrma;
n. sazlama.
regulations n. dzgnnama.
regurgitate v. yzyna akmak;
v. gatarmak;
v. gusmak.
rehabilitate v. gataryp bermek (at,
abra);
v. dikeltmek;
v. gutuldyrmak;
v. bejermek.
rehearsal n. repetisia(r);
n. taarlyk;
n. trgnleik.
rehearse n. trgnlemek.
reign n. hkm srmek dwri;
v. hkm srmek;
v. agalyk etmek;
v. patyalyk etmek;
v. alyk srmek.
reimburse v. sylaglamak;
v. yzyna bermek.
reimbursement n. kompensatsia(r);
n. wezini doldurmaklyk.
reindeer n. demirgazyk suguny.
reinforce v. berkitmek;
v. glendirmek;
v. mkmlemek.
rein (bridle) n. uan;
n. jylaw.
reiterate n. gatalamak;.
reject v. inkr etmek;
v. ret etmek;
v. z wrmek;
v. gatarmak.
rejoice v. begendirmek;
v. hezil etmek;
v. atlanmak;
v. dabaraly bellemek.
rejoin v. goulmak.
relapse n. gatalama.
relate v. degili bolmak;
v. aragatnaygy bolmak;
v. garyndalykda bolmak;
v. garamak.
relating to pos. degili.
relation n. gatnayk;
n. garyndalyk;
n. beannama;
n. hasabat;
n. garay.
relation (i.e. in ~ to) n. bean etme.
relationship n. arabaglanyk;
n. gatnayk;
n. garyndalyk;
n. howandarlyk;
n. hossarlyk.
relative n. garynda.
relative (comparative) n. deedirme.
relative (distant~) n. garynda.
relative pronoun n. degililik alymasy.
relax v. dyn almak;
v. dem-dyn almak;
v. ynjalmak;
v. arkaynlamak;
v. gowamak;
v. umamak.
release n. boama.
release (another) v. boatmak.
(another) v. gobermek.
(oneself) v. boamak;
v. azat etmek;
v. halas etmek.
release (i.e. a record) v. bean etmek.
relevance n. mhmlik;
n. hmietlilik.
reliability n. ynamdarlyk.
reliable adj. bil baglap bolan;
adj. ynamly;
adj. ynanylyan;
adj. ygtybarly.
relief n. eillik;
n. kmek.
relief aid n. kmek;
n. ardam.
relieve v. eletmek.
to be relieved (calm down) v. kedirmek.
to be relieved (~of duty) v. boatmak (iden).
religion n. din.
religious adj. dini.
religious person n. dini;
n. dindar.
religious sacrifice n. sadaka;
n. huda oly.
reluctant adj. gwnsiz;
adj. baarnyksyz.
reluctantly adv. islegsiz;
adv. zordan.
rely on v. arkayn bolmak;
region rely on
English Turkmen 109
v. bil baglamak;
v. ynanmak.
remain n. galyndy.
v. galmak;
v. saklanmak.
remainder n. galyndy.
remains n. galyndylar;
n. meit.
remark n. bellik;
n. syn;
v. bellemek;
v. syn etmek;
v. synlamak.
remarkable adj. ajayp;
adj. rn gowy;
adj. owadan;
adj. serek;
adj. ns ekiji;
adj. tgeik.
remedy n. em;
n. derman.
v. duzetmek.
remember v. atda saklamak;
v. atlamak;
v. sowgat bermek;
v. miras galdyrmak;
v. a puly gomak;
v. salam atmak.
remember (recall) v. ada dmek.
remembered (to be) v. atlanmak.
remembrance n. atlama;
n. adygrlik.
remind v. atlatmak.
reminder n. atlatma.
remission n. kesili gowamagy.
remnant n. galyndy.
remodel v. remont etmek.
remodeling n. remont(r).
remorse n. kn.
remote adj. dadaky.
remote controlled adj. uzakdan dolandyrylyan.
remoteness n. ara dalygy;
n. uzaklyk.
removal n. gme;
n. da ykarma;
n. iden ayrma;
n. ayrma.
remove v. ayrmak;
v. gmek.
renal adj. bwrek.
renal failure n. bwrek etmeziligi;
n. bwrek keseli.
renew v. tzelemek;
v. galkyndyrmak.
renewed (to be) v. galkynmak.
renounce v. kabul etmezlik;
v. dnmek;
v. ikr etmek;
v. z dndrmek.
renovate v. remont etmek;
v. abadanladyrmak;
v. dikeltmek;
v. bejermek;
v. tzelemek.
rent n. krende tlegi;
v. kireine bermek;
v. kireine almak.
rental n. prokat(r);
n. kire.
renter n. krendei.
reopen v. tzeden amak.
repair v. bejermek;
v. dzetmek;
v. dikeltmek;
v. bitmek (ara).
repair (~ a building) v. remont etmek.
repairs n. remont(r);
n. bejeri;
n. abatlay.
reparation n. traf(r);
n. jerime.
repay n. karz almak.
repeal v. atyrmak (karar);
v. terk etmek.
repeat v. gatalamak.
repel v. serpikdirmek;
v. gatawul bermek;
v. garylyk grkezmek;
v. basyp saklamak;
v. ikr etmek.
v. igrendirmek.
repent v. toba etmek;
v. knmek.
repentance n. kn.
repetition n. gatalama.
repetitive adj. gatalanan.
replace v. erine gomak;
v. tzelemek;
v. yzyna gatarmak;
v. alymak.
replacement n. alyrma;
n. alyrgy.
replica n. replica(r);
n. edil zi.
reply n. gatargy;
n. jogap;
v. jogap bermek.
report v. habar bermek;
v. hasabat bermek;
v. adyp bermek;
v. ie ykmak;
v. tabyn bolmak;
v. boun bolmak;
v. arz etmek.
report (loud sound) n. tpe sesi;
v. yky etmek.
repose v. ynam bildirmek;
v. umu bermek;
v. dyn almak;
v. dyn bermek;
v. atmak;
v. esaslanmak;
n. dyn;
n. uky;
n. rahatlyk.
represent v. wekil bolmak;
v. grkezmek;
v. ekillendirmek;
remain represent
English Turkmen 110
v. dndirmek;
v. gary ykmak.
representation n. wekillik;
n. grkezme;
n. ekillendirme.
representative n. wekil;
adj. grnkli.
repress v. atyrmak;
v. basmak.
reproach n. gyjalat;
n. ayplama;
v. igenmek.
reproduce v. dretmek;
v. ndrmek;
v. kpeltmek;
v. tzedemek.
reproduction n. kpeltme;
n. nesil;
n. nusga;
n. tzeden dretme.
reproof n. kyin;
n. azgarma.
reprove n. azgarmak.
n. kin bermek.
reptile n. sreniji.
republic n. respublika(r).
repulse v. serpikdirmek;
v. ikr etmek;
v. igrendirmek.
reputable adj. abraly;
adj. atly-abraly.
reputation n. abra;
n. at-abra.
request n. dileg;
n. hay;
v. hay etmek;
v. soramak.
requiem n. pata;
n. aat;
n. gagyly saz eseri.
require v. burmak;
v. talap etmek;
v. mt bolmak.
required adj. gerekli;
adj. hkman.
required (compulsory) adj. mejbury.
requirement n. talap.
rescue n. halas etme;
n. gutuldyrma;
v. dadyna etmek;
v. boatmak;
v. dyndyrmak;
v. tygytly harlamak;
v. hasaply sowmak;
v. g bilen almak.
rescued (to be) v. gutuldyrmak.
research n. ylmy i;
n. gzleg;
n. ylmy barlag;
n. derew.
research v. barlamak;
v. deremek.
research scientist n. ylmy igri.
resemblance n. mezelik.
resemble v. mezemek;
v. mense bolmak.
resent v. gaty grmek;
n. gahary gelmek.
resentment n. gahar;
n. ngilelik;
n. igren.
reservation v. er bellp gomak;
v. (petek) bellp gomak;
n. ert;
reserve v. aryp gomak;
v. aap saklamak;
v. bellp gomak;
v. garamak;
v. boatmak (harby gul-
lukdan);
n. tialyk;
n. zapas(r);
n. goraghana.
reserved (keep) v. saklamak.
reserved adj. bellenip golan er;
(catious) adj. gizlin;
adv. tiada.
reservoir n. howuz.
reside n. bolmak;
n. aamak.
residence n. aay er.
resident n. aajy;
n. erli adam.
resign v.iden ykmak;
v. ikr etmek;
v. tabyrmak;
v. boun egmek.
resign oneself to phr. boun egmek.
resignation n. pensia(r);
n. iden ykmaklyga arza;
n. kayllyk.
resigned adj. kayl;
adj. razy.
resist v. gary durmak;
v. garylyk grkezmek.
resistance n. ydamlylyk;
n. gary durma;
n. garylyk grkezme.
resolute n. edermen;
n. tutanerli.
resolution n. dogumlylyk;
n. edermenlik;
n. garatlylyk;
n. karar;
n. twekgellik.
resolve v. zmek;
v. karara gelmek.
resort n. ypahana;
n. kurort;
n. dyn alynan er;
n. gaalga;
n. kmek sorap zlenme;
n. mele;
v. ulanmak;
v. ygnanmak.
resource n. balyklar;
n. emeler;
n. resurslar(r).
representation resource
English Turkmen 111
resourceful person n. ugur tapyjy adam.
respect n. hormat;
n. sylag;
n. degililik;
v. hormatlamak;
v. sylamak;
v. haran galmak;
v. ge galmak;
v. alada etmek;
v. berja etmek.
respect (in ~ to) prep. barada.
respectable adj. hormatly.
respectful adj. hormatlanan;
adj. mhirli;
adj. sarpaly.
respective adj. degili.
respected v. hormatly.
respite n. arakesme;
n. soa srilme.
respiration n. dem alma.
respiratory adj. dem aly.
respond v. jogap bermek;
v. kabul etmek;
v. jogapkrilik almak.
response n. jogap;
n. seslenme.
responsibility (for something) n. jogapkrlik;
n. bor;
n. garamat.
responsibility (take) v. jogapkriligi boun
almak.
responsible adj. jogapkr;
adj. jogapkrli.
responsive adj. rehimli;
adj. regi uka;
adj. aladayl.
rest v. dyn almak;
v. atmak;
v. gymyldaman atmak;
v. rahatlanmak;
v. gomak;
v. ynam etmek;
v. bil baglamak;
n. dyn;
n. uky;
n. lm;
n. arakesme;
n. dyn aly er;
n. seg.
rest (the others) n. belekiler;
n. galanlar;
rest (take a) v. dyn almak.
restaurant n. restoran(r).
restless n. ynjalyksyz;
n. dynsyz.
restoration n. bejeri;
n. dikeltdi (saglyk);
n. abatlay.
restore v. dikeltmek;
v. bejermek;
v. abatlamak;
v. ki agdayna gatar-
mak.
restrain n. saklamak.
restrained (to be) v. saklanmak.
restrict v. klendirmek.
restriction n. klendiri;
n. k;
n. ara.
restroom n. hajathana.
result n. netije.
v. netije bermek.
result (as a) conj. onu in;
id. netijesi.
result in v. netij eltmek.
resume v. tzeden balamak.
resuscitate v. janlandyrmak;
v. zne getirmek;
v. janlanmak;
v. ze gelmek.
resuscitation n. gatadan jalandyrmak-
lyk;
n. ze gelme;
n. reanimasia(r).
retail n. blek satuw;
v. bleklein satmak.
retain v. saklamak.
retell v. grr bermek.
retention n. saklama;
n. saklanma;
n. saklanmaga ukyplylyk;
n. uzak wagtlap ulany;
n. atda saklany.
retina n. gz torly perdesi.
retire (on a pension) v. zhmet rugsadyna ykmak;
v. pensia ykmak.
retire (~to bed) v. atmak.
retired adj. zhmet rugsadyndaky.
retirement n. pensia.
retract (ones words) v. dnmek.
retreat v. yza ekilmek;
v. gamak;
v. serpikmek;
v. dnmek;
n. gayp atalga;
n. yza ekilme;
n. gizlin er;
n. keselhana.
return v. gatmak;
v. yzyna wrmek;
v. gadyp bermek;
v. gatarmak;
v. yzyna gomak;
v. gatargy (jogap) bermek.
return (an item) v. gatarmak.
return (come back) v. gadyp gelmek;
v. gatmak.
return (in ~ for) prep. derek;
n. gatargy;
n. girdeji.
return n. gadyp gelme.
return ticket n. gady bileti;
n. gadyyn petek(bilet).
reunion n. tzeden birleme.
reunited (to be) v. gowumak;
v. birlemek.
reusable adj. tzeden ulanyp bolan.
reuse v. tzeden ulanmak.
resourceful person reuse
English Turkmen 112
reveal v. mlim etmek;
v. amak;
v. ze ykarmak;
v. sti aylmak.
revealed (to be) v. ze ykmak.
revel v. kep ekmek;
v. lezzet almak;
n. atlyk;
n. oturylyk.
revelation n. sti aylma;
n. i dkme.
revenge n. ar;
v. ar almak.
revenue n. girdeji;
n. dohod(r).
reverence n. hormat;
n. sylag.
reverse n. ters;
n. ters zi;
n. gary;
n. wre zi;
v. agdarmak;
v. wrmek;
v. yz gitmek (mayn);
v. tgetmek.
review (of art, movies or books) n. syn.
n. gzden geiri;
n. jurnal.
v. syn azmak;
v. syn etmek.
review (go over) v. gatalamak.
v. gatadan seretmek;
v. gzden geirmek.
revise v. gzden geirmek;
v. gatalamak;
v. dogurlamak.
revision (an edit) n. gzden geirme;
n. barlag;
n. dzedi;
n. dzedilen ap;
n. geileni gatalama.
revival n. janlandyrma;
n. ruhlandyrma;
n. galkyny;
n. gatadan dikeltme.
revive v. janlanmak;
v. dikelmek.
revive (to ~ someone) v. janlandyrmak.
revoke v. elinden almak.
revolt n. gozgala;
v. gozgala turuzmak.
revolution n. rewolusia(r).
revolution (rotation) n. alanma.
revolutionary n. zgerdiji.
revolutionize v. propaganda etmek;
v. dpgter zgeri geir-
mek.
revolve v. alanmak.
revolver n. rewolwer(r) (arag).
reward n. premia(r);
n. sylag;
v. sylaglamak.
rewarded (to be) v. sylaglanmak.
rheumatic adj. rewmatiki.
rheumatism n. gury agyry;
n.mt. rewmatizm(r).
rhinoceros n. kerk.
rhyme n. rifma;
n. kapya;
n. rifmaly gogy;
v. rifma dzmek.
rhythm n. depgin.
rib n. gapyrga.
ribbon n. lenta(r).
rice n. twi;
n. brn.
rich adj. ba;
adj. zni oaran;
adj. bol;
adj. gymmat;
adj. okumly;
adj. doly;
adj. gr;
adj. gli;
adj. hasylly;
adj. mes.
rich (fertile) n. nmli.
rich (to be made) v. balamak.
rich (to become) v. baamak.
rich (to make one) v. baatmak.
rich (wealthy) adj. ba.
rich adj. hassyly;
adj. agly.
riches n. balyk.
rickets n. igleme keseli.
rid v. boatmak;
v. dyndyrmak;
v. halas etmek;
v. sypdyrmak.
riddle n. matal;
n. tapmaa.
ride n. gezelen;
n. oda;
n. ulag;
v. ata mnmek;
v. ulag srmek;
v. alanmak;
v. gayp umak.
ride (i.e. carousel) n. alanma.
ride (in a car) n. srmek.
ride [rode, ridden] v. mnmek.
rider (on a horse) n. atly;
n. apyksuwar;
v. at apmak;
v. atly remek.
ridge n. beik;
n. dag geri;
n. ulgam;
n. darak;
n. e ykyp duran er;
n. ykyt;
n. somalyp duran er.
ridiculous adj. glkn;
adj. bolgusyz.
rifle n. tpe.
rifleman n. mergen.
rifle through v. sermelemek.
rift n. jaryk;
reveal rift
English Turkmen 113
n. deik.
right adj. dogry;
adj. adyl;
adj. takyk;
adj. dogruyl;
adj. erlikli;
adj. sagdyn;
adj. sazlaykly;
adj. sag;
adj. z taraby (eigi).
right (correct) adj. dogry.
right (appropriate) adj. layk;
n. hak.
right (i.e. civil rights) n. hak;
n. hukuk;
n. raat hukuklary.
right (opposite of left) adj. sag.
all right adj. agy.
right after adv. yzyndan.
right away adv. birbada;
adv. ol bada.
right-handed adj. sagaka.
right now adj. hzir.
rigid adj. hereketsiz;
adj. doan;
adj. berkidilen;
adj. gaty;
adj. tutanerli;
adj. an bermen;
adj. berk.
rigidity n. gatylyk;
n. tutanerlilik;
n. berklik.
rim n. halka;
n. bulgury gyrasy;
n. negi day.
rind n. gabyk.
ring n. zk;
n. halka;
n. arena;
n. ala medan;
n. ring (boksda);
n. ja;
n. ses.
ring (round) n. tegelek;
n. tegelek halka.
ring (phone call) v. ja etmek;
v. jyyrdamak.
ring finger n. barmak (klem).
ring (i.e. jewelery) n. zk.
ring [rang, rung] v. jyyrdamak.
ring off v. go bolsun etmek.
ring up v. ja etmek.
rinse v. akamak;
v. durlamak;
v. uwmak.
rinse laundry v. durlamak;
v. yrpmak.
riot n. gozgala;
n. pitne;
rip v. yrtmak.
ripe adj. bien;
adj. etien.
ripe for change id. zgerilige aramly.
ripen v. etimek.
ripen (of fruit or vegetables) v. biimek.
rise v. okary galmak;
v. turmak;
v. aaga galmak;
v. oanmak;
v. janlanyp galmak;
v. wezipede galmak;
v. ulalmak;
v. smek;
v. (hamyr) galmak;
v. araga galmak;
v. bolmak;
v. balamak;
v. golalamak;
n. galma;
n. apgyt;
n. kpelme;
n. eme.
rise (slope) n. apgyt.
rise (i.e. the sun) [rose, risen] v. dogmak.
rise (stand up) [rose, risen] v. ggermek;
v. turmak.
rise up (lit. and fig.) [rose, risen] v. galmak;
v. aaga galmak.
risk n. howp;
n. twekgellik.
risk (to take a) v. twekgellik etmek;
v. howply i etmek.
risk-taking adj. twekgel.
risky adj. gorkuly;
adj. hatarly;
adj. howply;
adj. twekgelilikli.
rite n. dp-dessur.
rival n. bsde;
v. bslemek.
rivalry n. bsdelik.
river n. dera.
riverbank n. derany kenary.
riverbed n. akaba.
rivet n. berin i;
v. berinlemek;
v. seplemek;
v. gzi ayrman seretmek;
v. berkitmek.
road n. ol.
roadblock n. post(r).
roadmap n. ol kartasy.
road sign n. alamat;
n. znak (r).
road worker n. ol gurluyky.
roadless adj. olsuz.
roam v. entemek;
v. gezmek;
v. seran etmek.
roar n. arlama;
v. arlamak;
v. arlap gygyrmak.
roast n. gowurylmak;
n. bimek.
rob v. ogurlamak;
v. talamak.
robber n. galtaman;
right robber
English Turkmen 114
n. garaky;
n. ogry;
n. talay.
robbery n. ogurlyk;
n. talanylyk.
robe n. don;
n. halat.
robin n. gara jokjoky.
robot n. robot.
robust adj. berk.
rock n. da;
n. da gaa;
n. gaa;
v. yrgyldama;
v. titremek;
v. entereklemek;
v. remek.
rock and roll n. rok adym-sazy.
rock candy n. gaty sji.
rock (rock gently) v. uurmak.
rocky adj. daly.
rod n. pudak;
n. aha;
n. ybyk;
n. ybyk jezasy;
n. hasa;
n. hkimiet;
n. aga;
n. prs;
n. taak.
rodents n. gemrijiler.
rogue n. aldawy;
n. haramzada.
role n. rol(r);
n. orun.
role model adj. greldeli.
roll n. rulon;
n. top;
n. toglanan kagyz;
n. bulka;
v. tigirlenmek;
v. alanmak;
v. alamak;
v. dolamak.
roll (i.e. a ball) v. togalamak.
roll (i.e. a tire) v. tigirlemek.
roll call n. atma-at barlama.
roll out (i.e. dough) v. togalamak;
v. amak (hamyr);
v. dolamak.
roll up (wrap) v. drlemek.
rolling in money id. ran ba;
id. bereketli.
Roman n. Rimli.
romance n. roman;
n. ayk-maguklyk.
Romania n. Rumynia(r).
romantic adj. hyally;
adj. romantiki(r).
roof n. erdak;
n. krya(r);
n. ek;
n. tamy sti;
n. -wzar;
v. stni apmak.
rook (chess) n. ruh.
room n. otag;
n. tam;
n. ja.
rooming-in mt. enni we agany
otagy.
room service n. otag hyzmaty.
rooster n. horaz.
root n. kk;
n. dp;
n. aagy;
n. ilkinji sebp;
n. ata-baba;
v. kk urmak;
v. kknden ykarmak.
root (in math) n. kk.
root (of a plant) n. kk.
root word n. dp sz.
take root v. kk gobermek.
rope n. tanap;
n. p.
rosary n. gl bakjasy;
n. tesbi.
rosacea n. uz gyzarma;
n. gyzylja dwrtik;
rose n. bgl;
n. roza(r).
rose (color) n. glgne.
rot v. remek;
v. zaalanmak.
rotate v. towlanmak;
v. alamak;
v. gezekledirmek.
rotation n. alanma;
n. gezekleme.
rotten adj. rk;
adj. zaa;
adj. aramaz;
adj. porsan.
rotten egg n. palak umurtga.
rotten (of fruit) adj. rk.
rotten (of fruit, meat, etc.) adj. zaa.
rotteness n. zaaylyk.
rough adj. gdek;
adj. gaty;
adj. tekiz dl.
rough copy n. garalama.
round adj. tegelek;
adj. togalak;
adj. alawly.
(surroundings) adv. da twerek.
round (i.e. boxing) n. tapgyr;
n. raund(r).
roundabout (for traffic) n. gatnaw tweregi.
roundworm mt. askarida gurugy.
rouse v. turuzmak;
v. oanmak;
v. hweslendirmek;
v. gyzyklandyrmak;
v. bulamak;
v. gahar getirmek.
route n. marrut(r);
n. ol;
robbery route
English Turkmen 115
n. ugur.
routine n. gndelik hereket;
n. gndekki ediln iler;
n. umumy.
rove v. sergezdan gezmek;
v. syahat etmek;
v. entemek;
v. kesip gemek.
row n. hatar;
n. setir;
n. joa;
n. gat;
v. hatara dzmek.
row (argument) n. dawa;
n. jedel;
v. dawalamak.
row (i.e. a crop) n. setir;
n. joa.
row v. gprdemek.
row (in a) adv. yzly-yzyna.
royal adj. a;
adj. korol;
n. patya.
rub v. okamak;
v. srtmek;
v. srtlmek.
rubber n. rezin(r);
n. galo.
rubber (eraser) n. pozgu.
rubber (strong, hard rubber) n. kauuk(r).
rubber (breakable soft rubber) n. rezin(r).
rubbish n. hapa;
n. galyndy;
n. galan-gaan;
n. akmaklyk;
n. ugursyz;
v. takytlamak.
rubella n. gyzylja.
rubeola n. gyzamyk.
ruble n. rubl.
rucksack n. gezelen torbasy;
n. rukzak(r).
rudder n. rul (mayn);
n. ba ugry;
n. guruk (balyk, gu);
v. gnkdirmek;
v. e alyp barmak.
rude adj. biedep;
adj. edepsiz;
adj. gdek.
ruffle v. buladyrmak.
rug n. haly;
n dek.
rug (small rug) n. halya.
rugby n. regbi(r).
rugged adj. gaty;
adj. tekiz dl;
adj. sti gmk;
adj. gdek;
adj. agyr (durmu);
adj. gazaply (howa).
ruin n. batmaklyk;
n. kmeklik;
n. haraba;
n. harabaylyk;
n. ykyp-umurma;
n. weranylyk;
n. helkilik;
v. umurmak;
v. batyrmak;
v. kermek.
ruined adj. weran;
adj. zaalanan.
ruined (broken) adj. bozulan;
adj. puja ykarylan.
ruins n. haraba;
n. harabaylyk.
rule n. dzgn;
n. kada;
v. agalyk etmek;
v. dolandyrmak.
rule (i.e. a king) v. dolandyrmak;
v. olbay bolmak;
v. srmek.
rule out v. inkar etmek;
v. psgel bermek.
ruler (for drawing) n. yzgy;
n. lineka(r).
ruler (political) n. hakim;
n. hkmdar.
rules n. ustaw(r);
n. dzgnnama;
n. esasnama.
ruling n. karar.
rumble n. gopgun;
n. gprdi;
v. gaty grlemek;
v. aby amak;
v. kedki ura gatna-
mak.
rumor n. gep-grr;
n. gybat;
n. my-my;
n. habar.
run [ran, run] v. ylgamak;
v. alt hereket etmek;
v. akyp gitmek;
v. azylyp atmak;
v. gatnamak/gatnatmak
(ulag barada);
v. dolandyrmak;
v. iletmek;
v. dowam etmek;
v. derej etmek;
v. nesil yzarlamak;
v. ap etmek/edilmek;
v. kontrabanda getirmek;
v. bahada durmak;
v. goldaw almak.
run (flow) v. akmak (suw).
run (a business) v. dolandyrmak;
v. i alyp barmak.
run across v. stnden barmak.
run away v. gayp gitmek;
v. gamak.
run into v. akymak.
run low v. gutarmak.
run out v. ylgap ykmak.
routine run out
English Turkmen 116
run out of v. harajat gutarmak;
v. tkenmek.
run the house v. hojalyk ilerini alyp bar-
mak.
run up v. golalamak;
v. ylgap barmak.
rung n. basganak.
running (the sport) n. ylgama.
running water n. akar suw.
rupture n. blnme;
n. dwlme;
n. at ama;
v. yrtylmak;
v. bozulmak.
rural adj. oba.
rush v. gyssanmak;
v. howlukmak;
v. apyp gitmek;
v. topulmak.
Russia n. Orset;
n. Russia.
Russian adj. ors;
adj. rus;
adj. rus dili;
adv. orsa.
rust n. pos;
n. poslama;
v. poslamak.
rustle v. atyrdamak;
n. gmpldi.
rusty adj. poslan;
adj. saralan.
ruthless adj. rehimsiz.
rye n. owdary.
S s
saber n. gyly.
sable n. samyr.
sack n. torba;
n. halta;
n. ganar.
sack (an employee) v. iden ykarmak.
sack (i.e. for grain) n. halta.
sacred adj. mukaddes.
sacrifice n. gurban;
n. sadaka;
v. gurban bolmak;
v. sadak bermek.
sad adj. gagyly;
adj. gamgyn.
sad (to be) v. gagylanmak.
sadness n. gagy;
n. gynan.
saddle (for a donkey) n. gaa.
saddle (for a horse) n. eer.
sadness n. gagy.
safe adj. sag-aman;
adj. howpsuz.
safe and sound id. sag-amanlyk.
safeguard v. goramak.
safely adv. aman-sag.
safety n. howpsuzlyk;
n. aman-saglyk.
safety pin n. ie bagjyk;
n. temene.
saffron n. zagpyran.
said v. say iligini ten
zaman grni.
said (to be) v. adylmak.
sail n. elken;
v. zmek;
v. gamak;
v. asatlyk bilen gemek;
v. ugramak (gmi);
v. gmini srmek;
v. topulmak (birine);
v. stnden dmek.
sailor n. deizi.
saint n. keramat;
n. wlat.
saintly adj. keramatly.
(for goodness) sake id. Hudayyn haky in!
sake (for the sake of) ph. in.
salad n. salat(r);
n. idaar.
salary n. alyk.
sale n. satlyk.
sales n. haryt alanyygy;
n. swda.
salesman n. satyjy.
saline adj. duzly.
saliva n. tklik.
salivate v. tkliklemek.
salmon n. gyzyl balyk.
salmonella n. salmonella.
salt n. duz.
salt-free n. duzsyz.
salty adj. duzly (nahar);
adj. or.
salute v. salamlamak;
v. harby salam bermek;
v. hormat bildirmek;
v. salut etmek.
samovar n. semawar(r).
same (the) adj. de;
adj. birmeze;
adj. ol bir;
adj. meze;
pron. edil onu zi.
sample n. nusga;
n. mysal.
sanatorium n. ypahana.
sanctuary n. ybadathana;
n. gaybatalga;
n. goraghana;
n. el degrilmezlik (ja
barada).
sand n. ge;
n. gum.
sandwich n. gamburger;
n. mesle-rek.
sane adj. sag (akyl barada).
run out of sane
English Turkmen 117
sanitary adj. sanitar.
sanitation n. arassalama.
sanitize v. sanitar ilerini geir-
mek;
v. arassalamak (disk);
v. owadanladyrma (kino).
sanity n. pahas;
n. akyl-hu (erinde).
Santa Claus n. Aaz Baba.
sapling n. nahal.
satellite n. sputnik(r);
n. hemra.
satin n. atlaz(r);
n. setin.
satire n. satira(r);
n. ktek.
satirize v. stnden glmek;
v. asylamak.
satisfaction n. kanagatlanma.
satisfactory adj. hoal;
adj. kanagatlanarly;
adj. eterlik.
satisfied adj. kanagatly;
adj. razy.
satisfy v. kanagatlanmak.
Saturday n. enbe gni;
n. altynjy gn.
sauce n. sous(r);
n. batyrma;
n. jazlama.
saucepan n. gazan;
n. piti.
saucer n. tabajyk.
sauna n. sauna.
sausage n. kolbasa(r);
n. hlat.
savage adj. gdek;
adj. gaharja;
adj. abany.
save v. halas etmek;
v. goramak;
v. aamak;
v. tygytly ulanmak;
v. aryp gomak;
v. boatmak.
save (i.e. money) v. aryp gomak;
v. tygytlamak.
save (rescue) v. dadyna etmek;
v. halas etmek;
v. dyndyrmak.
save v. tygytly saklamak;
saved (to be) v. dynmak;
v. halas edilen.
savings n. atiyalyk golan pul;
n. maa goumlary;
n. srintgi;
n. zapas.
savings-bank n. amanat kassasy.
savior n. halas ediji.
saw v. see iligini ten
zaman grni.
saw (the tool) n. bygy.
saw [sawed, sawn] v. bygylamak.
say [said, said] v. atmak;
v. dimek;
v. bean etmek;
v. atdan gatalamak;
v. sesli okamak;
v. grkezmek;
n. pikir;
n. sz;
n. abra;
adv. ortaa;
adv. mysal in.
saying n. atalar szi.
scab n. gabyk.
scabies n. gijilewk;
n. gotur.
scaffolding n. binalaryn gurluygy ma-
halynda ulanla direg;
n. guraw seki.
scald v. biirmek;
v. akmak;
n. anyk;
n. anan er.
scale n. mber.
scale (for weighing) n. gapan.
n. terezi;
n. terezi jamy.
scale n. mastab(r);
n. gerim;
n. mber;
n. leg.
scale (of a map) n. mastab(r);
scale (scope) n. gerim.
scalp n. kellni derisi.
scalpel n. girurgia gezligi
n. scalpel(r).
scan n. skanogramma;
v. gzden geirmek;
v. suraty komputer
grnine geirmek.
scanner n. skaner(r).
scandal n. masgaralyk;
n. masgaraylyk;
n. galmagal;
n. jenjel.
scanty adj. gyt;
adj. az;
adj. serek.
scar n. apyk;
n. ara.
scarce adj. gyt;
adj. eterliksiz;
adj. az.
scarcity n. eterliksizlik;
n. etmizilik.
scare n. gorky;
v. gorkyzmak;
v. gorkmak.
scare (i.e. scare animals) v. rkzmek.
scarecrow n. garantgy.
scared (said of animals) adj. rken.
scared stiff adj. ran gorkan.
scarf n. arf(r);
n. aglyk.
scarlet adj. al;
adj. ayk gyzyl.
sanitary scarlet
English Turkmen 118
scarlet fever n. tjihoraz.
scary adj. gorkun;
adj. gorkuly.
scatter v. zyydyrmak;
v. taladyrmak.
scatter (i.e. people or things) v. pytratmak.
scatter (i.e. seeds) v. sepidirmek.
scatter (people or things) v. dargamak;
v. dargatmak.
scattered adj. alam-a;
adj. ym-pytrak.
scene n. sahna;
n. er;
n. surat.
scent n. ys.
septic adj. ynamsyz;
adj. mkr;
adj. bheli.
schedule n. tertip;
n. gn tertibi;
n. raspisanie(r).
scheme n. plan;
n. maksatnama;
n. taslama;
n. aldaw;
n. hile;
n. yzgy.
scholar n. alym.
scholarly adj. ylmy.
scholarship n. alymlyk;
n. stipendia(r).
school n. mekdep;
n. okuw.
schoolbag n. portfel;
n. mekdep sumkasy.
schoolchildren n. okuwylar.
schoolmate n. mekdepde.
science n. ylym.
scientific adj. ylmy.
scientist n. alym.
scissors n. gay.
scoliosis n. skolioz.
scold v. kemek;
v. hrdemek.
scope (scale) n. gerim;
n. k.
scorch v. akmak;
v. andyrmak;
v. tagma basmak;
v. nagys basmak.
score (of a game) n. utuk;
n. baha;
n. saz (kinoda);
n. hasap;
n. igrimi;
n. kp mukdarda;
n. bellik/azgy;
v. utuk gazanmak;
v. baha gazanmak;
v. saz dzmek (kino in);
v. hasaby ykarmak;
v. yzmak;
v. bikanun satyn almak
(nee);
v. azgy retmek;
v. bellik etmek;
v. utmak;
phr. ol sanda;
scorn n. igren;
n. sgermezlik;
v. igrenmek.
v. stnden glmek;
scorpion n. ian.
Scotland n. otlandia.
Scottish n. otland.
scoundrel n. nejis adam;
n. deus.
scout n. ialy;
n. gzlegi.
scramble v. sokulmak;
v. dyrmamak;
v. uurmak;
v. urumak;
v. bulamak;
n. uru;
n. dyrmama;
n. awtoary;
n. uary galmagy.
scrap n. blek;
n. galyndy;
n. uru/sw;
v. talamak;
v. dwdrmek
v. urumak/swmek.
scrape clean v. gyryp arassalamak.
scratch n. sypjyryk;
v. sypjyrmak;
v. dyrnaaklamak;
v. gazamak.
scrawny adv. hor.
scream n. gykylyk;
v. gygyrmak;
v. ygyrmak;
v. jygyldamak;
v. gaty glmek;
v. ugullamak;
n. ygyrma;
n. jygyldama;
n. glkn agda;
n. uguly.
scream (i.e. from fright) v. wgirmek.
screen n. perde;
n. ekran;
n. peana;
n. kino;
n. rtk;
n. barlag enjamy;
n. elek;
v. perde gomak;
v. goramak/apmak;
v. elemek;
v. barlamak;
v. kino drmek;
v. kino grkezmek.
screen (a movie) v. film grkezmek.
screen (cover) v. rtmek;
v. basyrmak.
screen (i.e. TV screen) n. ekran.
scarlet fever screen
English Turkmen 119
screen (i.e. window screen) n. tor.
screenplay n. eper film.
screw n. nurbat;
n. gakal(r);
v. towlamak;
v. towlap berkitmek.
screwdriver n. otwertka(r).
screw in v. towlamak.
scribble v. tiz we nssiz azmak;
v. yramak.
scroll n. drlenen kagyz
v. drlemek.
scruple n. ubhe;
n. ikirjeleme;
v. ikirjelemek.
scrupulous adj. dogryyl;
adj. takyk;
adj. jr.
scuba dive v. akwalang bilen suwa
mmek;
sculptor n. heykeltara;
n. sculptor(r).
sculpture n. hekel;
n. skulptura(r).
scythe n. algy;
v. algylamak;
v. kemeltmek.
sea n. deiz.
sea port n. port(r);
n. gmi duralgasy.
seafood n. deniz nmleri.
seagull n. arlak.
seal n. dwlen;
n. mhr;
n. kepil;
n. bornama;
v. mhr gomak;
v. berkitmek;
v. apmak;
v. gabamak;
v. kanunladyrmak.
seal (official seal) n. mhr;
v. mhr basmak.
seal (the animal) n. dwlen.
seam (i.e. in sewing) n. tikin.
seam (where two objects meet) n. sep.
seamstress n. tikini.
search n. gzleg;
n. sorag-ideg;
v. gzlemek;
v. sermenmek;
v. deremek;
v. iinden gemek.
search for v. agtarmak;
v. gzlemek.
seasick (to be ~) v. deiz keselinden azar
ekmek.
seaside n. dezi kenary.
seashell n. balykgulak.
seaside n. kenar;
n. gyra;
n. aka.
season n. pasyl;
n. mwsm;
n. amatly dwr;
n. yl
v. jazlamak;
v. gyzyklandyrmak;
v. etidirmek.
season (agricultural) n. mwsm.
season v. jazlamak.
seasoned adj. ydamly;
n. kp gren.
seat n. oturgy;
n. er;
n. orun;
v. oturtmak;
v. oturmak.
seatbelt n. kemer;
n. guak.
second (length of time) n. sekunt(r).
second num. ikinji.
second thoughts n. uur dnjeler.
secondary adj. ikinji derejeli;
adj. esasy dl.
second-hand adj. kne;
adj. ulanylan.
second-rate adj. ikinji sortly.
secret adj. gizlin;
adj. syrly;
n. syr.
section n. blm;
n. blme;
sector n. pudak.
sector (economic) n. hojalyk.
secular adj. dnewi.
secure adj. berk;
adj. howpsyz.
security n. howpsyzlyk;
n. pjnilik.
security guard n. saky;
n. garawul.
sedative n. ukladyjy seride.
sediment n. kndi.
see [saw, seen] v. grmek;
v. grmek;
v. barlamak;
v. maslahat soramak;
v. gz e getirmek;
v. badan geirmek;
v. bilmn dumak;
v. grmek;
v. ugratmak;
v. kabul etmek;
v. dnmek;
v. wrenmek;
v. aladasyny etmek.
see you soon id. grank.
seed n. tohum;
n. igit.
seek [sought, sought] v. gzlemek;
v. agtarmak.
seems (it) pos. htimal;
megerem;
bolsa gerek;
aly.
seen v. see iligini ten
zaman grni.
screen seen
English Turkmen 120
seen (to be) (only of people) v. gara bermek.
seize v. tutmak;
v. apymak;
v. eelemek;
v. garbamak.
seldom adv. serek.
select v. salamak;
adj. salanan;
adj. salanyp seilen;
adj. ynjyk;
n. salananlar (adamlar,
zatlar).
selection n. salama;
n. assortiment(r);
n. ygyndy.
selection (i.e. from a text) n. salanan para.
self pron. zi (zm;z.);
pron. ahsyet;
pron. men-menlik;
pron. birmeze.
self-confidence n. ze bolan ynam.
self-conscious (to be) adj. utanja;
adj. dnjeli.
self-disciplined adj. tertipli.
self-interest n. nebis.
self-portrait n. awtoportret(r).
selfish adj. die z bahbidini ara-
yan adam.
sell [sold, sold] v. satmak;
v. satylmak;
v. swda etmek;
v. ynandyrmak;
v. aldamak.
seller n. satyjy.
seminal event n. esasy waka.
seminar n. okuw maslahaty;
n. seminar(r).
senator n. senator(r).
send [sent, sent] v. ibermek.
send/send off v. ugratmak;
v. ibermek;
v. bermek (okuwa);
v. zakaz etmek(r);
v. buurmak;
v. habarly etmek.
sensation n. dugy;
n. syzma;
n. sensasia(r);
n. gli tsir.
sense n. dugy;
n. akyl-hu;
n. many;
n. esas;
n. umumy agda;
n. ugur;
v. dumak;
v. ayrmak.
sense of humor n. degigen hasietli.
senseless n. manysyz.
sensible adj. phimli.
sensitive adj. dugyr;
adj. nzik;
adj. ynjyk;
adj. kelek.
sensitivity n. dugurlyk;
n. nziklik;
n. ynjyklyk.
sentence n. szlem;
n. dana sz;
n. hkm;
n. jeza;
v. hkm ykarmak.
sentence (someone to prison) v. azatlykdan mahrum
etmek.
separate adj. aratyn;
adj. arylan;
adj. zbadak;
adj. ary;
v. ayrmak;
v. arylymak;
v. dalamak;
v. tapawutlandyrmak.
separated adj. arylyan.
separated (to be) v. arylmak.
separated (to befrom) v. ary bolmak.
separation n. blniik;
n. aralyk;
n. aralyk.
separation (especially of loved ones) n. aralyk.
September n. sentbr(r).
sequence n. yzygiderlilik;
n. netije;
n. tapgyr.
serious (i.e. a problem) adj. salykatly;
adj. manyly;
adj. hmietli;
adj. wajyp;
adj. dykgatly;
adv. yny bilen.
serious (not joking) adj. agras.
sermon n. wagyz;
n. wt-nesihat.
serpent n. ylan;
n. hilegr adam.
servant n. gul;
n. hyzmatkr.
serve v. hyzmat etmek;
v. gulluk etmek;
v. peda getirmek;
v. saak azmak;
v. dourmak;
v. pjn etmek;
v. kesilen yly doldurmak.
service n. hyzmat;
n. gulluk;
n. i;
n. ybadat;
v. hyzmat etmek;
v. bejermek/seretmek.
service (i.e. military) n. gulluk.
sesame n. knji.
set v. gomak;
v. erledirmek;
v. bolup gemek;
v. oturtmak;
v. gep bermek;
v. gary ykmak;
v. gurmak;
seen set
English Turkmen 121
v. saak azmak;
v. ola gomak.;
v. baha gomak;
v. deedirmek;
v. dzmek.
set a trap [set, set] v. duzak gurmak.
set aside v. aryp gomak.
set (i.e. of documents) n. toplum.
set (i.e. the sun) v. batmak;
v. amak.
set on fire v. otlamak [o:tlamak];
v. akmak.
set (tennis) v. ounyn birinji arymy.
set (to place) v. gomak.
set up (i.e. a tent) v. gurmak.
set upright v. dikeltmek.
settle v. dzgne salmak;
v. oarmak;
v. hasaplamak;
v. zmek;
v. erlemek;
v. erledirmek;
v. balamak;
v. rahatlamak;
v. razylamak;
v. miras galdyrmak;
v. kmek.
settle (about money) v. zmek;
v. zlimek.
settle accounts v. hasaplamak.
settled adj. hasaply.
settled (to be) v. ornamak.
settlement n. srgn;
n. ylalayk;
n. hasaplayk;
n. rahatlanma;
n. wesetnama haty;
n. kmeklik;
n. erleme .
seven num. edi.
seventy num. etmi.
several n. kbiri;
num. birne.
several times adv. birne gezek.
severe adj. berk.
sew v. atmak;
v. tikmek.
sew on v. abyrmak.
sew on a patch v. urnamak.
sewer (person) n. biimi;
n. tikini.
sex (gender) n. jyns.
shade n. saa.
shadow n. klege.
shah n. a.
shake [shook, shaken] v. silkmek;
v. sandyramak;
v. titremek;
v. ellemek;
v. gowatmak;
v. tolgundyrmak;
n. silkme;
n. titreme;
n. sarsma;
n. ek tansy;
n. ek kokteli.
shake hands v. ellemek.
shake (lit. and fig.) v. sarsdyrmak.
shake (of a person) v. sandyramak;
v. titremek.
shallow adj. alpak;
adj. u dl;
adj. zle;
v. peselmek (suw barada).
shame n. utan;
n. utan-haa;
n. masgaraylyk;
n. gynan;
v. utandyrmak;
v. gyjalat bermek;
v. masgara etmek;
v. utanmak;
v. namys etmek.
shame (bringon) v. ysnat getirmek.
shame (someone) v. masgara etmek.
shamed (to be) adj. utanjan.
shamed adj. ryswa;
adj. masgara.
shamed (to be) v. masgara bolmak;
v. utanmak.
shameful adj. ayp;
adj. biabra;
adj. masgara;
adj. wejera.
shameless adj. bihaa;
adj. utansyz;
adj. binamys.
shampoo n. ampun(r).
shape n. ekil;
n. forma.
shape (in good) adj. berk bedenli.
shaped adj. ekilli.
share n. gatan;
n. pa;
v. palamak.
shareholder n. padar.
shark n. akula.
sharp adj. iti.
adj. tgr.
sharpen v. almak;
v. itiledirmek;
v. jkdirmek;
v. beterletmek.
sharpen (i.e. a saw) v. bygalamak.
sharpening stone n. algy da.
sharpness adj. itilik.
shatter v. ym pytrak etmek;
v. beterletmek;
v. puja ykarmak;
n. blek.
shave v. syrmak.
she pro. ol. (aal magala deg-
ili).
shear v. gyrkmak.
shed v. dkmek;
v. gayrmak;
v. aratmak;
n. bassyrma;
set a trap shed
English Turkmen 122
n. telr;
n. gara.
sheep n. goun.
sheep skin n. bagana.
sheet n. prostyn;
n. kendir mata;
n. gat;
n. gazet;
v. dolamak;
v. apmak;
v. gumak;
adj. yrtylyp arylan;
adj. gatly.
sheet (i.e. on a bed) n. prostyn(r).
sheet (of paper) n. kagyz.
n. list(r).
shelf n. tekje.
shell n. balykgulak;
n. anak;
n. gabyk.
shelter n. bukalga;
n. gaybatalga.
shepherd n. opan.
shield (lit. and fig.) n. galkan.
shift (i.e. night shift) n. smena(r).
shift (movement) n. sme.
shine v. lowurdamak;
v. parlamak;
v. hlelendirmek.
shine [shone/shined, shone/shined] v. alpyldamak.
ship n. gmi;
v. gatnatmak.
shirt n. knek (oglan).
shish kebab n. ilik.
shiver v. sandyramak;
v. titremek.
shock n. sarsgyn;
v. ge galdyrmak;
v. sarsmak;
v. akymak.
shoe n. aakgap;
n. kw.
shoe (a horse) v. nal kakmak.
shoelace n. bagjyk.
shoemaker n. diki.
shoes n. kw.
shone v. shine iligini ten
zaman grni.
shoot (i.e. a gun) [shot, shot] v. atmak.
shooting range n. atyhana.
shop n. dkan;
n. magazin(r).
shopkeeper n. dkany;
n. satyjy.
shopper n. alyjy.
shopping v. bazarlamak.
shopping list n. Satyn almaly harytlary
sanawy.
shopping mall n. swda merkezi.
shore n. gyra;
n. kenar.
short adj. gysga;
adj. kelte;
adj. pes.
short-sighted adj. owa;
adj. uzakdan grmen.
short-sleeved adj. gysga eli.
shortage n. azlyk;
n. kemilik.
shortcut (take a) v. gysga oly salamak;.
shorten v. gysgaltmak.
shorts n. gysga balak.
n. shortik(r).
shot n. aty.
shotgun n. aw tpei;
n. garanil.
shoulder n. egin.
shout v. gygyrmak.
shout (for help) v. dat etmek.
shove n. itergi;
v. itmek.
shovel n. pil [pi:l].
show off v. anamak.
show [showed, shown/showed] v. grkezmek;
v. wretmek;
v. ugratmak;
v. bildirmek;
v. grnmek;
v. belletmek;
n. oun;
n. sergi;
n. alym;
n. kino;
n. tomaa.
shower (to take a) n. du;
v. suwa dmek.
shrug v. egin ygyrmak.
shut v. apmak;
v. gulplamak;
v. gulplanmak;
v. eplemek;
v. gapjamak;
adj. akyp;
n. gulp;
n. gabsa.
shut down v. apmak;
v. duruzmak.
shut [shut, shut] v. apmak.
shutter (of a window) n. gabsa.
shy adj. utanja;
adj. ygra.
shy (to be) v. utanmak.
shyness n. ekinjeklik;
n. utan.
sick adj. hassa;
adj. syrkaw;
adj. nsag.
sick (be of something) v. bizar bolmak;
v. irmek.
sick and tired id. bizar bolmak.
sickle n. orak.
sickness n. kesel.
side n. gyra/kenar.
side , side of the body n. gapdal.
side (i.e. of a house) n. tarap.
side (i.e. of an argument) n. tarap.
side (of a person or object) n. an.
side (on ones) adv. tarapynda.
sheep side
English Turkmen 123
sided (i.e. two sided) adj. taraplayn.
sidewalk n. an ol.
sideways adj. et.
siege (layto) v. gabamak.
sieve n. elek.
sigh v. ah ekmek;
v. iii ekmek.
sight n. gre.
sightseeing v. aheri alanmak.
sign n. alamat;
n. belgi;
n. nyan.
sign (ones name) v. gol ekmek;
v. bellik etmek.
sign of respect n. hormatlyk nyany.
signal n. signal(r).
signature n. gol.
significant adj. hmietli;
adj. manyly.
signify v. alatmak.
silent adj. sessiz;
adj. msm.
silhouette n. sudur;
n. grn.
silk n. pek.
silly adj. samsyk;
adj. eter-etmez.
silo n. harman.
silver n. km.
similar adj. meze.
similarity n. mezelik.
simile n. deidirme.
simple adj. neke.
simple (said of a person) adj. sada.
simplicity n. sadalyk.
simplistic adj. nekeledirilen;
adj. asat.
sin n. gn.
since adv. bri.
sincere adj. rekde;
adj. hakyky;
adj. dogry.
sing (said of birds) v. saramak.
sing [sang, sung] v. adym atmak.
singer n. adymy.
single adj. ykmadyk;
adj. lenmedik;
adj. eke;
adj. eke-tk.
single-minded adv. belli bir maksada
gnkdirilen.
single ticket n. gidi petegi (bileti).
singular adj. birlik san.
sink [sank, sunk] v. batmak;
v. batyrmak;
v. kmek;
n. rakowina(r).
sinner n. gnkr adam;
n.biedep adam.
sir n. jenap.
siren n. howsala signaly.
sister (older) n. gyz dogan;
n. ua.
sister (younger) n. gyz jigi.
sister-in-law (brothers wife) n. gelneje.
sister-in-law (husbands older sister) n. gayn-ekeji.
sister-in-law n. baldyz.
(husbands younger sister)
sit [sat, sat] v. oturmak.
site n. bolan eri;
n. medana;
n. er.
situation n. agda.
six num. alty.
sixty num. altmy.
size n. leg;
n. mber;
n. ululyk;
n. razmer(r).
skateboarding v. skeytbortda alanmak.
skating rink n. buz katogy(r).
skeleton n. skelet(r).
sketch n. yzgy;
n. garalama;
n. ekil;
v. ekillendirmek.
skewer n. i;
n. ompol(r).
ski v. lyada tamak.
skid v. tamak;
v. typmak.
skill n. ukyp;
n. baarnyk;
n. hnar;
n. ussatlyk.
skilled adj. baarja;
adj. kde.
skilled (i.e. a craftsman) adj. hnrli.
skilled (of an athlete) n. trgen.
skillet n. sa [sa:].
skillful adj. baarja;
adj. kde;
id. tejribeli.
skin n. deri;
v. somak;
v. sypyrmak.
skip v. apmak;
v. bkmek;
v. geirmek.
skirt n. ubka.
skittish adj. eilkelle;
adj. rkek;
adj. ynamsyz;
v. utanja.
skullcap n. taha.
skunk n. alajagzen.
sky n. asman.
skyscraper n. ran uzyn bina.
slam v. arkyldatmak;
v. gaty urmak;
v. tankytlamak;
n. grpldi .
slander n. thmet;
v. yltak atmak;
v. thmet atmak;
v. amanlamak.
slap n. arpyk;
n. grpldi;
sided slap
English Turkmen 124
v. grpldedip apmak
(gapy);
v. akyrdadyp znmak;
v. ssmek;
v. arpyk almak.
slave n. gul;
v. agyr i etmek.
sledge-hammer n. ekedaban;
adj. derbi-dagyn ediji;
v. ekedaban bilen urmak;
v. uly eki bilen urmak.
sleep n. uky;
n. irkilme;
n. lm;
n. doma.
sleep [slept, slept] v. uklamak;
v. atmak;
v. irkilmek;
v. atalga er bermek.
sleep talk v. ukyda samramak.
sleep well v. sji uklamak.
sleeping bag n. halta organy.
sleepless adj. ukysyz.
sleeve n. e.
slice n. blek;
n. dilim;
n. dilimlemek;
v. kesmek.
slick adj. taganak;
adj. typanak;
adj. ylmanak;
adj. ussat;
adj. mekir;
adv.alasyn;
adv. asatlyk bilen;
v. ylmamak;
v. ylmanmak.
slide [slid, slid] v. tamak;
v. typmak.
slightly adv. ala;
adv. shel;
adv. eillik bilen.
slim adj. hor;
adj. uka.
sling n. zyma;
n. kemer;
n. sarma;
n. halka;
v. zymak.
slip v. tamak;
v. typmak.
slippery adj. taganak;
adj. sypanak.
slippery (fig.) adj. sypjyk.
slit [slit, slit] n. deik.
slogan n. ygar.
slope n. eit;
n. apgyt.
sloped adj. apgytly.
slow adj. haal;
adj. uwa.
slowly adv. haallyk bilen;
adv. uwa.
sly adj. mekir;
adj. sypjyk.
small adj. kii;
adj. ownuk;
adj. kelte;
adj. bolgusyz;
adj. pes wezipeli;
adj. a.
small talk n. sypay grr.
smart adj. akylly.
smash n. akyrdy;
n. aknyyk;
n. stnlik (akyrdy bolup
alynmak);
n. suw, eker, narpyz we
buz gatyykly spirtli igi.
v. kl etmek;
v. kl bolmak;
v. aknymak;
v. batmak;
adv. ym-pytrak .
smash (i.e. with a hammer) v. enmek;
v. dwmek;
v. omurmak.
smash hit n. ran mehur adym.
smashed (drunk) adj. serho.
smell n. ys;
n. porsylyk;
n. yz.
smell [smelled/smelt, v. ysgamak;
smelled, smelt] v. ys almak;
v. porsamak.
smell bad v. akamak;
v. porsamak.
smelly adj. ysly.
smile v. ylgyrmak.
smoke n. tsse;
v. tsselemek;
v. ilim ekmek;
v. tuss kakatmak.
smooth adj. tekiz;
adj. ylmanak.
smooth out v. tekizlemek;
v. azmak;
v. ylmamak.
snack n. eil nahar;
v garwanmak.
snake n. ylan.
snap n. jaryk;
n. ildirgi;
n. swli grr;
n. blek;
n. arma (it);
n. surat;
v. jarylmak;
v. armak;
v. zni almak;
v. surata drmek;
adv. ol bada.
sneeze v. asgyrmak.
snicker n. hikirdi;
n. kieme.
snivel n. smk;
n. ereme;
v. burny akmak;
slave snivel
English Turkmen 125
v. burny arassalamak;
v. erp aglamak.
snot n. smk;
v. burny akmak;
v. burny arassalamak.
snout (i.e. of animals) n. tumuk.
snow n. gar;
v. gar agmak.
snow flake n. garjagaz.
snowy n. garly.
so adv. dimek.
so far adv. u wagta enli.
so many adv. has kp;
adv. una.
so much adv. has kp;
adv. una.
so what? id. bolsa bolupdyr;
ed. bolanda nme?
soak (lit. and fig.) v. ezmek.
soap n. sabyn.
soar n. beiklik;
n. umaklyk;
v. umak;
v. okary galmak.
sob v. sojamak.
sober adj. aly;
adj. sersag.
soccer n. futbol.
sociable adj. alak;
adj. hoama;
adj. mylakatly.
social class n. gatlak.
socialize v. milliledirmek;
v. jemgyet durmuyna
ugrukdyrmak;
v. alak bolmak.
society n. jemgyet.
sock n. jorap.
sofa n. diwan(r).
soft adj. umak.
soft drink n. alkogolsyz gazly igi.
soften v. umamak.
software n. programma pjniligi.
soil n. toprak.
solar-powered adj. gn hlesinden
kuwwatlanyan.
solar system n. gn sistemasy.
sold v. sell iligini ten
zaman grni.
soldier n. esger.
sole (of the foot) n. daban.
sole (only one) adj. eke;
adj. btewi.
solemn adj. dabaraly.
solitude adj. ekelik.
solubility n. eremeklik ukyby.
solution n. zgt;
n. ala.
solve v. zmek.
solve (a problem) v. mesele zmek.
solvent n. erediji.
some n. birne;
n. kbiri.
somebody pro. kimdir biri.
someone pro. kimdir biri.
something n. bir zat.
sometimes adv. aram-aram;
adv. kmahal;
adv. kte;
adv. kwagt.
somewhere n. bir yerde.
son n. ogul.
song n. adym.
son-in-law n. giew;
n. kreken.
soon adv. basym.
sooner or later id. iru-gi.
sorcery n. jadyglik.
sore n. agyry ;
n. ara;
adj. agyryly.
sore (to be) v. agyrmak.
sorrow n. gagy;
n. gussa.
sorrowful adj. gynanly.
sorry v. bagylan.
sort n. grn;
n. kysym;
n. sort(r).
sought v. seek iligini ten
zaman grni.
soul n. jan;
n. ruh.
sound n. ses.
soup n. orba.
sour adj. tury;
v. turamak.
sour (to turn) v. uamak.
sour cream n. gamak;
n. smetana(r).
source (i.e. of a river) n. eme.
source (origin) n. balangy;
n. gzba.
sour dough n. ajan hamyr.
n. hamyr turysy;
n. hamyrmaa.
south n. gnorta.
southern adj. gnorta.
souvenir n. adygrlik sowgaty.
sow v. ekmek.
sowing n. ekin.
spa bath n. saglygy dikeldan te-
bigy eme suwy.
space n. er;
n. medan ;
n. medana ;
n. orun.
space (i.e. between two things) n. ara;
n. aradalyk.
space (outer space) n. lem;
n. kosmos(r).
space shuttle n. lem gmisi.
spade n. pil [pi:l].
Spain n. Ispania.
Spanish adj. ispan.
spare adj. tia.
spare part n. tialyk a.
spark n. ugun.
snot spark
English Turkmen 126
spark off v. otlamak;
v. akmak.
sparkle v. aldyramak.
sparkling adj. alpyldaan.
sparkling water n. gazly suw.
sparrow n. sere.
spat v. spit iligini ten
zaman grni.
speak [spoke, spoken] v. atmak;
v. grlemek;
v. yky etmek;
v. grr bermek;
v. atlamak;
v. gje girmek;
v. geplemek.
speaker n. yky edn adam;
n. spiker(r).
spear n. naza.
special adj. rite.
specialist n. hnrmen.
specialize v. riteledirmek.
specific adj. belli;
adj. rite.
spectacular adj. haran galdyryjy;
adj. tsirli.
spectator n. tomaay.
speech n. yky.
speech (give a) v. yky etmek.
speed n. tizlik;
n. depgin;
n. bat;
v. alt hereket etmek;
v. howlukmak.
speed boat n. motor gmisi.
spell v. harpma harp atmak.
spell (magic) n. doga;
v. doga etmek.
spelling n. azyly.
spend [spent, spent] v. sowmak;
v. wagty geirmek;
v. sarp etmek.
spendthrift n. harajat eda adam.
spent (to be) v. sowulmak.
sphere n. ar(r);
n. planeta;
n. sfera;
n. k.
spice n. tagam beriji huru.
spicy adj. ajy.
spider n. dd;
n. m.
spill v. dkmek;
v. dklmek;
v. diliden sypdyrmak.
spin [spun, spun] v. towlanmak.
spin (i.e. yarn) [spun, spun] v. egirmek.
spinach n. ysmanak.
spinster n. durmua ykmadyk
aal.
spiral n. spiral.
spirit n. jan;
n. ruh.
spiritual adj. dini;
adj. ruhy.
spit [spit/spat, spit/spat] v. tkrmek.
splash v. alpyldamak.
splash (i.e. water) v. serpmek;
v. sepmek.
split (i.e. in a road) n. ukur.
split up v. arylymak;
v. blmek.
splutter n. goh-galmagal;
n. dawa;
n. syrama;
v. samyrdamak;
v. syramak;
v. syratmak.
spoil (i.e. a child) v. anatmak;
v. lliksiretmek.
spoil (i.e. food) [spoiled/spoilt, v. remek;
spoiled/spoilt] v. zaalanmak.
spoiled (of fruit, meat, etc.) adj. zaa.
spoiled ( milk) adj. kesilen.
spontaneity n. sap reklilik.
spool n. naa.
spoon n. eme.
sport n. sport(r).
sports center n. sport merkezi.
spot n. menek.
spray v. sepmek.
spread n. arama;
n. giilik;
n. pasta;
n. saak;
v. azmak;
v. aramak;
v. almak;
v. dowam etmek.
spread (i.e. a rumor) v. aramak.
[spread, spread]
spread (i.e. dough) v. amak.
[spread, spread]
spread (i.e. wings) v. amak.
[spread, spread]
spread out [spread, spread] v. azmak [a:zmak].
spread (to disperse) v. pytratmak.
[spread, spread]
spring (i.e. water) n. eme.
spring (the season) n. az;
n. bahar.
spring up (appear suddenly) v. peda bolmak.
sprinkle v. sepelemek.
sprout n. masa.
spurt v. zogdyrlyp ykmak.
spy n. ialy.
spy v. iallyk etmek;
v. yzarlamak;
v. burnuy sokmak;
v. tapmak.
square n. drtburluk;
n. skwer;
n. kwadrat(r).
squash n. kdi.
squeeze v. gysmak.
squinting adj. gzi ay.
squirrel n. awusidik.
stab n. pyaklama;
n. iti ahyry;
spark off stab
English Turkmen 127
v. pyaklamak;
v. snmek;
v. iiden gemek (agyry);
v. zyan getirmek.
stability n. durnuklylyk.
stable adj. durnukly.
stable (i.e. for horses) n. athana;
n. seishana.
stack n. kde;
n. petde;
v. petdelemek.
staff (personnel) n. tat(r).
staff (walking stick) n. hasa [hasa:].
stage (i.e. in the theater) n. sahna.
stage (level) n. sahna;
n. teatr;
n. dwr;
n. duralga;
v. sahnada gomak;
v. guramak;
v. serg ykarmak.
stagnant adj. ata.
stain n. menek.
stair n. basganak.
stairs n. basganaklar;
n. merdiwan.
stallholder n. dkanyn eesi.
stallion n. agyr.
stamp (official stamp) n. mhr;
n. peat(r).
stamp (postage) n. marka(r).
stand a chance id. mmkiniligi bolmak.
stand aloof v. etde durmak.
stand aside v. gapdalda durmak.
stand [stood, stood] v. durmak.
v. turmak;
v. berkitmek;
v. at eelemek;
v. er almak;
v. boy bolmak;
v. ydamak;
v. pikirde bolmak;
v. gary durmak;
v. arkada durmak;
v. esas bolmak;
v. many bermek;
v. aragatnaykda bolmak.
stand (endure) [stood, stood] v. dz gelmek;
v. ydamak.
stand out v. tapawutlanmak.
stand up v. kuwwatlanmak.
standard n. leg;
n. dereje;
n. nusga;
adj. adaty;
adj. hemieki.
standard of living n. durmu derejesi.
standstill n. arakesme;
n. hereketsizlik.
stank v. stink iligini ten
zaman grni.
stanza n. bent.
star (lit. and fig.) n. yldyz.
stare v. akarlyp seretmek;
v. ierlip seretmek;
v. haran galyp seretmek.
starling n. sar guy.
start n. balangy;
n. artykmalyk;
v. balamak;
v. ugramak;
v. amak.
start (start doing something) v. ugramak.
started (to be) v. balanmak.
startle (i.e. startle animals) v. rkzmek.
starving adj. alykdan ejir ekan.
stash v. rmek;
v. ygnamak.
state n. agda;
n. gurlu;
n. wezipe;
v. mlim etmek;
v. kesgitlemek;
v. bean etmek;
v. wezipe bermek
state n. urt;
n. stat;
adj. dwlet.
state of the art adj. hazirki zaman.
statement n. beannama.
station n. menzil.
stationery n. kanselar harytlary.
statue n. hekel.
status n. status;
n. agda;
n. orun.
stay v. bolmak;
v. durmak;
v. galmak [ga:lmak];
v. saklanmak.
stay away from v. dada durmak.
steadfast adj. berk.
steadily adv. barha.
steady adj. durnukly.
steal [stole, stolen] v. ogurlamak.
steam n. bug;
v. bugarmak;
v. buglamak.
steamy adj. bugly.
steed n. bedew.
steel n. polat.
steep adj. dik
steep tea v. a demlemek.
stem n. baldak.
step n. dim;
n. ri;
n. aak yzy;
n. basganak
v. tmek;
v. tlemek;
v. remek;
v. basmak.
step aside v. ol bermek.
step aside (lit. and fig.) v. gyra ekilmek.
step- (i.e. step-brother) pref. we.
step (stair) n. basganak;
n. merdiwan.
step (stride) n. dim.
stability step
English Turkmen 128
stepmother n. ejelik;
n. enelik;
n. we ene.
steppe n. shra.
stereo n. magnitofon(r).
stereotype n. stereotip(r).
stern adj. pugta tutan;
adj. berk;
adj. berk.
stick n. p;
n. taak.
stick in v. kp ilemek;
v. gitmn galmak.
stick out v. somalyp ykmak;
v. dayna ykarmak;
v. grkezmek;
v. souna enli gitmek.
stick to v. apymak;
v. dowam etmek.
stick (walking stick) n. hasa [hasa:].
sticker n. nakleka(r).
sticky adj. epbeik.
stiffen v. gatamak.
stiffness n. gatama.
still adv. entek;
adv. heniz;
adj. uwa.
still water n. dury suw.
sting [stung, stung] v. akmak;
v. okmak;
v. agyrtmak (iti agyry);
v. hweslendirmek;
v. aldamak.
stinger (i.e. of a bee) n. akan.
stinginess n. bahyllyk.
stingy adj. bahyl;
adj. gysgan.
stink [stank/stunk, stunk] v. akamak;
v. porsamak;
v. yslanmak.
stinky adj. porsy.
stipend n. stipendia(r).
stir v. garmak.
stir up (i.e. a crowd) v. aaga galmak.
stirrup n. zei.
stitch n. tikin.
stock (supply) n. pjunilik.
stockholder n. padar.
stocks and shares n. aksialar we palar.
stole v. steal iligini ten
zaman grni.
stolen adj. ogurlyk;
v. steal iligini ten
zaman grni.
stomach n. agazan;
n. garyn.
stone n. da.
stoned (from drug use) adj. do.
stonemason n. da ussasy.
stony adj. daly.
stood v. stand iligini ten
zaman grni.
stop n. duralga;
v. durmak.
stop (stop someone) v. badyny almak;
v. saklamak.
storage n. zat saklanan ja;
n. sklad;
n. ambar.
store n. dkan;
n. magazin(r);
v. saklamak.
store window n. witrina(r).
storehouse n. ambar.
storm n. el;
n. tupan;
n. ga;
storm out v. gahar-gazap bilen here-
ket etmek.
stormy adj. tupanly.
story n. hekaa.
story (narrative) n. erteki;
n. hekaa.
story (of a building) n. eta(r);
n. gat.
stove (kitchen stove) n. plita.
straight (i.e. go ~ on) v. gni.
straight (not crooked) adj. dik.
straight (to a place) adv. dogry;
adv. gni.
straighten up v. dikeltmek;
strain (effort) v. tijemek.
strain (filter) v. szmek.
strain oneself v. gara zlmek.
strain (to apply stress) v. mayrmak.
strained yogurt n. szme.
strainer n. szg;
n. elek.
strait n. bogaz;
n. kynylyk;
n. dar er .
strange adj. ge.
stranger n. ntany adam.
strangle v. bogmak;
v. bogulmak;
v. gysmak.
strategy n. relge.
strawberry n. tudana.
stream n. akym.
street n. ke.
strength n. g;
n. kuwwat.
strengthen v. glendirmek.
strengthen (to grow stronger) v. glenmek.
strengthen (to reinforce) v. berkemek;
v. mkmlemek.
stress (i.e. phonetic) n. basym.
stress (lit. and fig.) n. dartgynlyk;
v. alada.
stressed adj. aladaly.
stretch v. ekip uzaltmak;
v. dartdyrmak;
v. sndrmek;
v. snmek;
v. gerinmek;
v. dowam etmek.
stretch (i.e. muscles, rubber bands) v. sndrmek.
stretch out v. uzatmak.
stepmother stretch out
English Turkmen 129
stretch to (to reach) v. uzamak.
strict adj. berk;
adj. pugta;
adj. talap ediji.
stride n. uly dim;
n. r;
v. tlemek;
v. e oremek.
strike (i.e. a match) v. urmak;
[struck, stuck/stricken] v. hjm etmek;
v. stnden dmek;
v. birden kell gelmek;
v. tsir galdyrmak;
v. ot ykarmak;
v. gozgala turuzmak;
v. stni yzmak;
v. ylalayga etmek.
strike ( go on a ~) v. gozgala turuzmak.
strike (run into) v. akymak.
striking adj. haran galdyryjy.
string n. bagjyk;
n. tar;
adv. yzly-yzyna.
string [strung, strung] n. damak;
v. aldamak;
v. stnden glmek.
stripe n. zolak.
striped adj. zolaklap.
stroke n. urgy.
stroll n. gezim;
v. alanmak.
strong adj. berk;
adj. gli;
adj. kuwwatly.
strong (of a flavor) adj. ajy.
structure n. desga;
n. gurlu.
struggle n. gre;
n. gores;
v. gremek;
v. swemek;
v. urumak.
strung v. string iligini ten
zaman grni.
stubborn adj. kejal;
adj. kesir;
stuck (to become) v. ykgynsyz agdada
bolmak.
student n. student(r);
n. okuwy;
n. talyp.
student (institute or university) n. student(r).
student (at school) n. okuwy.
student (graduate student) n. aspirant(r).
studio n. ussahana.
study n. okuw;
v. okamak.
study (research) v. barlamak.
stuff n. zat;
n. kne-sana;
v. dykydyrmak;
v. doldurmak.
stuffy adj. dymyk;
adj. kapas.
stumble v. bdremek;
v. sakynmak;
v. alymak/alydyrmak.
stumble across v. tapmak;
v. uramak.
stump n. te.
stun v. seseletmek;
v. haran galdyrmak.
stunk v. stink iligini ten
zaman grni.
stunned adv. seseledip.
stupid adj. akmak;
adj. akylsyz.
stupidity n. akmaklyk.
sturdy adj. ykjam.
sturgeon n. bekre.
sturgeon (white) n. doky.
stutter v. sakawlamak;
v. sakynyp geplemek.
stutter (with a) adv. sakynyp.
style n. biw;
n. usul.
subject n. ders;
n. tema(r).
subjugate v. boun egdirmek.
subjugated (to be) v. boun bolmak.
submarine n. suwasty gmi.
subordinate adj. tabyn.
subscription n. azyly.
subscription (to a periodical) n. abuna.
subside v. pese dmek;
v. oturmek;
v. atymak;
v. waamak.
substance n. jisim;
n. madda;
n. seride.
subtract v. ayrmak.
suburb n. her eti.
subway n. metro(r).
succeed v. stnlikli gemek;
v. baarmak.
success n. rowalyk;
n. stnlik.
successful adj. owly;
adj. netijeli;
adj. stnlikli.
successfully adv. stnlik bilen.
succession n. miras.
successive adj. indiki;
adj. yzyndaky.
successor n. mirasy.
such adj. bele;
adj. ele.
such as prep. aly.
suck v. sormak.
suckle v. emdirmek.
suddenly adv. birden.
suffer v. ejir ekmek.
suffering n. ejir;
n. horluk;
n. azap.
suffice v. eterlikli bolmak.
sufficient adj. bes;
stretch to sufficient
English Turkmen 130
adj. eterlik;
adj. etesi.
suffix n. goulma.
suffocate v. demikmek.
sugar n. gant;
n. eker.
sugar cane n. eker pala.
suggest v. teklip etmek;
v. maslahat bermek.
suggestion n. hdr;
n. teklip.
suit n. kostum.
suit coat n. penjek.
suitable adj. amatly;
pos. degili.
suitcase n. emodan(r).
sullen adj. gaharly;
adj. garasmez;
adj. gamgyn.
sultan n. soltan.
sum n. mukdar;
n. jem.
sum up v. jemlemek.
summarize v. jemlemek;
v. umumyladyrmak.
summer n. tomus.
summit n. depe;
n. okary dereje;
n. okary derejede duuyk.
summon v. jemlemek;
v. agyrmak;
v. ygnanmak.
sun n. gn.
sunburned (get) v. gne anmak.
Sunday n. dyngn;
n. ekenbe.
sunflower n. gnebakar.
sunglasses n. gne negi.
sunrise n. shra.
sunset n. gn ama.
sunscreen n. gnden goraan krem.
sunshine n. gne.
superb adj. tweleme.
superiority n. artyklyk;
n. agdyklyk;
n. artykmalyk.
supermarket n. imit dkany;
n. swda merkezi.
superstition n. ynan;
n. yrym.
supervision n. gzegilik.
supper n. agamlyk nahary.
supplement n. gomaa.
supplier n. pjn edn adam.
supplies n. serideler.
supply v. pjn etmek.
support n. goldaw;
n. hemaat;
v. goldamak.
support (brace) n. seg.
support (fig.) v. goldamak.
support (physically) v. semek.
supporter n. tarapdar;
n. goldaw bern adam;
n. aran.
supportive adj. arkalaykly;
adj. goldaw bern.
suppose v. gman etmek.
supposedly adv. hamala.
suppress (i.e. a rebellion) v. atyrmak;
v. basmak.
surprised adj. haran galmak.
sure adj. ynamly.
sure (to be) v. gzi etmek.
surely adv. elbetde;
adv. grrsiz;
adv. bhesiz.
surface n. z.
surfing n. tolkunlary stnde
zmek.
surgery n. operasia(r);
n. kesilmeklik.
surname n. familia(r).
surpass v. amak.
surplus n. agdyklyk;
n. peda.
surprise n. srpriz.
surprised (to be) v. ge galmak.
surprising adj. ge.
surround v. gabamak;
v. guramak.
surrounding area n. da-twerek.
surroundings n. twerek.
survey n. syn;
v. wrenmek;
v. barlamak.
survival n. betbagtylykdan diri
galmak.
survive v. betbagyylykdan diri
galmak.
suspect n. bheli adam;
v. ayrmak.
suspicion n. gman;
n. ek.
sustain v. goldamak;
v. badan geirmek;
v. subut etmek;
v. erine etirmek.
swaddle v. gundamak;
v. dolamak.
swaddling clothes n. arlyk.
swallow v. uwdunmak;
v. uwutmak.
swallow (the bird) n. garlawa.
swamp n. batga.
swampy adj. batgaly.
swan n. guw.
swap v. alymak;
v. aly-aly etmek.
swarthy adj. garaagyz.
sway v. sallanakda umak.
sway (i.e. a car or a boat) v. akamak.
sway (i.e. in the wind) v. yrgyldamak.
swear (promise) [swore, sworn] v. ant imek;
v. kasam etmek .
swear (to curse) [swore, sworn] v. sgmek.
swear word n. sgn.
n. pays/hapa sz.
suffix swear word
English Turkmen 131
sweat n. der;
v. derlemek.
sweep [swept, swept] v. sprmek;
v. swselemek.
sweet adj. sji.
sweet potato n. badat.
swell v. ismek;
v. pakgarmak.
swim [swam, swum] v. zmek.
swimsuit n. z geimi.
swing n. hiildik;
n. sallanak.
swing [swung, swung] v. remek;
v. umak.
swinging door n. drli tarapa alanyp
aylyan gapy.
switch n. wykluatel(r);
n. rip akyjy.
switch off v. rmek;
v. sndrmek.
switch on v. amak;
v. akmak.
Switzerland n. wesaria.
swollen adj. ien.
sword n. gyly;
n. gama.
syllable n. bogun.
symbol n. alamat;
n. nyan;
n. yarat.
sympathy n. dugudalyk;
n. rehim.
synopsis n. mazmuny;
n. konspekt.
system n. sistema(r);
n. ulgam.
systematic adj. dzgnli.
T t
table n. stol(r).
table cloth n. saak.
table (of contents) n. tablisa.
table salt n. nahar duzy.
tablecloth (stolu stnde) n. saak;
n. skatert.
tablespoon n. nahar eme.
tablet n. derman;
n. tabletka(r).
taboo n. gadaganlyk.
tactfully adj. sypayylyk bilen.
tactless adj. edepsiz;
adj. gdek.
tag (label) n. swda markasy.
tail n. guruk.
tail (follow) v. yzarlamak;
v. azalmak.
tailor n. biimi;
n. tikimi.
v. bimek.
take [took, taken] v. almak;
v. eelemek;
v. tutmak;
v. maksada etmek;
v. ie almak;
v. imek/imek;
v. kabul etmek;
v. dnmek;
v. pikir etmek;
v. dumak.
take a bath v. suwa dmek.
take a risk v. twekgelilik etmek.
take a trip v. syahat etmek.
take apart v. skmek.
take away v. almak.
take back v. gatarmak;
v. yzyna bermek.
take (by force) v. zorluk bilen almak.
take care of v. aladasyny etmek;
v. aap saklamak;
v. seretmek.
take care of (i.e. a child) v. idemek.
take five minutes v. b minut wagty almak.
take off (i.e. clothes) v. ykarmak;
take off (not clothes) v. ayrmak.
take over v. basyp almak;
v. eelemek.
take part v. gatnamak;
v. goulmak.
take pity v. rehim inmek.
take place v. erine etirilmek.
take responsibility for v. jogapkr bolmak;
v. z bonuna almak.
take shelter v. gizlenmek.
take (take somewhere) v. kitmek.
take things easy v. rahat bolmak;
v. gi bolmak.
take turns v. gezeklemek;
v. nobata durmak.
take up v. ie balamak.
take upon oneself v. z stne almak.
tale n. erteki;
n. hekaat.
talent n. zehin;
n. kdelik.
talented adj. zehinli;
adj. kde;
adj. ukyply.
talk n. grr;
v. geplemek;
v. grrn bermek.
talk endlessly v. gutarnyksyz grlemek.
talk philosophy v. bilimsiremek;
v. akyllysyramak.
talk (with someone) v. geplemek.
talkative adj. lakgy;
adj. ara.
tall adj. uzyn boly;
adj. okary.
tally n. hasap.
talon n. hawany dyrnagy.
tan adj. gne anma;
sweat tan
English Turkmen 132
v. gne garalmak.
tangerine n. mandarin.
tank (i.e. for gas) n. bak(r).
tank top n. maka(gyz)
tank (water tank) n. guy;
n. howuz.
tap n. krant(r).
tape (cassette tape) n. kasseta(r).
tape recorder n. magnitofon(r).
task n. mesele;
n. tabyryk;
n. wezipe;
n. umu.
taste n. tagam;
v. datmak.
tasteless adj. tagamsyz.
tasty adj. datly;
adj. tagamly.
tattletale n. uguly.
taunt v. gjelemek;
v. asalamak.
tax n. nalog(r);
n. salgyt.
taxi n. taksi(r).
taxi driver n. taksi srji.
taxman n. salgyt ygnajy.
tea n. a.
teach [taught, taught] v. okatmak;
v. wretmek.
teacher n. mugallym.
teacup n. kse.
team n. komanda(r);
n. topar.
teapot n. nek.
tear n. gza.
tear off v. goparmak;
v. zmek.
tear [tore, torn] v. yrtmak.
tears n. gza.
tears (to bring someone to) v. aglatmak.
tease v. asylamak;
v. gaharyny getirmek;
v. oun etmek.
teaspoon (unit of measure) n. a emesi.
technician n. teknik (r).
technologist n. tehnolog (r).
technology n. tehnika(r);
n. tehnologia(r).
teenager n. etginjek.
teeth n. di.
teetotal adj. sersag.
telegram n. telegramma(r).
telegraph n. telegraf(r).
telephone n. telefon(r).
telephone receiver n. trubka.
telescope n. teleskop(r).
television n. telewizor(r).
television channel n. alym.
television station n. telestudia.
tell v. adyp bermek/atmak.
tell apart v. sagarmak.
tell stories v. waka atmak.
tell (tell about) v. grr bermek.
tell the truth v. gnsinden gelmek;
v. dogryny atmak.
tell [told, told] v. atmak;
v. dudurmak.
telling (of an event) adj. ady;
adj.tsirli .
temper n. hsiet.
temperate adj. takatly;
n. sabyrly.
temperature n. temperatura(r).
template n. galyp;
n. nusga.
temple n. ybadathana.
temporarily adv. wagtlayna.
temporary adj. wagtlayn.
tempt v. isleg dretmek;
v. zne ekmek.
ten num. on.
tenant n. krendei;
n. eesi.
tender n. teklip;
n. aryyk;
n. tleg seridesi;
v. teklip bermek;
v. tlemek;
v, arya gatnamak
tender adj. umak;
adj. mhirli.
tenderness (pain) n. agyrylylyk;
n. kesellilik.
tennis n. tennis(r).
tense adj. dartgynly;
adj. rahatsyz;
v. dartmak;
v. rahatsyzlanmak.
tense (future continuous) n. dowamly geljek zaman.
tense (grammatical tense) n. zaman.
tense (past continuous) n. dowamly ten zaman.
tense (present) n. hzirki zaman.
tense (present continuous) n. dowamly hzirki zaman.
tension n. basy;
n. dartgynlyk.
tent n. adyr;
n. palatka.
tent peg n. gazyk.
tenth num. onunjy.
term n. termin.
term n. mhlet.
terminate v. gutarmak;
v. tamamlamak.
termite n. sary garynja;
n. termit(r).
terrace n. ewan.
terrible adj. aylgan;
adj. elhen.
terrific adj. ajayp.
terrified adj. gorkan;
adj. gorkuly.
territory n. er;
n. territoria(r).
terror n. elhenlik.
n. terror(r).
terrorism n. terrorizm(r).
terrorist n. terrory;
n. terrorist(r).
tangerine terrorist
English Turkmen 133
test n. barlag;
n. synag;
v. barlamak;
v. synamak.
test tube n. probirka.
tested (to be) v. barlanmak.
testimony n. gw;
n. grkezme;
n. aatnama.
text n. tekst(r);
n. szler.
text message n. habar;
v. tekst arkaly habar
gobermek.
textiles n. tekstil nmleri.
textbook n. gollanma.
Thai adj. Taland.
than adv. gr.
thank v. sag bol atmak;
v. tanryalkasyn atmak;
v. minnetdar bolmak.
Thank you! intj. Tary alkasyn!
intj. Sag bol!
intj. Minnetdar!
Thanksgiving Day n. Minnetdarlyk baramy
thankful adj. minnetdar.
thanks n. alky.
that adv. bele;
n. ol;
n. u.
that is why conj. onu in.
that rings a bell id. adyma dr.
that way (used when pointing) adv. belk.
thatched roof n. palma yapraklary bilen
rtlen.
thaw v. doy zlmek.
v. eretmek;
v. eremek;
n. mayllyk.
theater n. teatr(r).
theft n. ogurlyk.
their pro. olary.
theirs pro. olaryky.
theme n. mowzuk;
n. tema(r).
theme park n. dyn aly seilghi.
themselves pro. zleri.
then conj. so.
then (at that time) adv. ol wagt.
then (i.e. sequence of events) conj. onso.
theory n. nazaryet.
n. teoria(r).
there adv. ayrda;
adv. ol tada;
adv. ol erde.
there is\there are v. bar.
therefore adv. yzy bilen;
pos. sebpli;
adv. onu in.
thermometer n. termometer(r).
thermos n. termos(r).
these n. bular;
pro. ular.
they pro. olar.
thick adj. galy.
thick (dense i.e. hair, plants) adj. gr.
thick (dense i.e. plants) adv. ygy.
thick (large diameter) adj. ogyn.
thick vowel n. ogyn ekimli ses.
thief n. ogry;
n. galtaman;
n. garaky.
thigh n. but.
thimble n. omak [omak];
n. wse.
thin (i.e. cloth) adj. uka.
thin (i.e. people or animals) adj. hor;
adj. arryk.
thin (i.e. things) adj. ine.
thing n. zat.
think v. olamak;
v. olanmak.
think hard id. kelle dwmek.
think (i.e. I think that) v. pikir etmek.
think (i.e. think about something) v. pikirlenmek.
think [thought, thought] v. tmek.
thinker n. akyldar.
third num. nji.
thirst n. tenelik.
thirsty (to be) adj. tene;
v. suwsamak.
thirteen num. on .
thirty num. otuz.
this pro. bu;
pro. u.
this way adv. ele.
thorn n. tiken.
thoroughly adv. jikme-jik.
those pro. olar, olar.
though prep. yne;
prep. emma.
thought v. think iligini ten
zaman grni.
n. pikir.
thought (contemplation) n. pikirlenme.
thought (idea) n. hyal;
n. pikir.
thoughtful adj. dnjeli;
adj. nzik.
thoughtless adj. pikirsiz;
adj. osuz;
adj. eilkelle.
thousand n. m.
thread n. sapak;
n. p.
threat n. habat;
n. howp.
threaten v. gorkuzmak.
threaten (place in danger) v. howp salmak.
threatening adj. habatly.
three num. .
three times adv. gezek.
threshold n. bosaga;
n. gapy.
thrift n. tygyt.
thrifty adj. aawly;
adj. tgytly.
thrilled adj. tolgunan.
test thrilled
English Turkmen 134
thriller n. urly ylyrymly kino.
thrive v. maksada etmek;
v. gllp smek.
throat n. bokurdak;
n. bogaz.
thrombosis n. tromboz(r).
throne n. tagt.
through prep. iinden;
prep. sti bilen.
throw n. towsu;
throw [threw, thrown] v. talamak;
v. zymak;
v. atmak;
v. keseklemek.
throw a party v. to etmek.
throw away v. zymak.
throw open v. amak.
throw out v. talamak.
thrust v. snmek;
v. itmek;
v. sokulmak;
v. uzatmak;
v. etdirmek.
thug n. garaky;
n. galtamak.
thumb n. baam barmak.
thunder n. gmmrdi;
n. gk grrldisi;
v. gmmrdemek.
thunder storm n. agba.
Thursday n. penenbe,
n. dordinji gn.
tick n. organ da;
v. karz almak;
v. bellik gomak.
ticket n. bilet(r);
n. petek.
ticket (one-way) n. gidi bileti.
ticket (round trip) n. gidi-gady bileti.
ticket machine n. bilet mayny.
ticket office n. kassa.
tickle v. gyjyklamak.
ticklishness n. gyjyk.
tidal wave n. suw derejesinin okar-
lany we peseli hadysasy.
tide n. dagyn - jogun.
tidy adj. pkize;
adj. erbe-er.
tie (connection) n. baglanyk.
tie (diplomatic) n. diplomatic gatnayklar.
tie (i.e. a knot) v. baglamak;
v. bogmak;
v. damak.
tie (in a game) n. de.
tie (necktie) n. galstuk(r).
tie up (i.e. a load) v. dwmek.
tied (to be) v. baglanmak.
tiger n. gapla.
tight (lit. and fig.) adj. dar.
tights n. aallary joraby;
n. golfy (to the knee);
n. kolgotka (to the waist) (r).
till prep. enli.
time (i.e. amounts of time) n. wagt.
time consuming adj. kp wagt talap edyan.
time (i.e. number of times) n. gezek.
time (multiplication) n. esse.
time (on) adv. wagty bilen.
time period n. zaman;
n. wagt.
time to time (from) adv. wagtal-wagtal.
time\place case n. wagt-orun dm.
timetable n. gn tertibi;
n. raspisanie(r).
timid adj. ygra;
adj. utanja;
adj. ekinje.
timidity n. mn;
n. utanjalyk;
n. ekinjelik.
timidly adv. ekinip;
adv. utanyp.
tin n. galay.
tingle v. jmldemek;
v. sanmak.
tiny adj. ownuk;
adj. kii;
adj. mada.
tip n. u;
n. uluk.
tip (advice) n. maslahat;
n. nesihat;
n. wt.
tip (waiter/waitress) n. a puly;
n. el haky;
v. a puluny bermek.
tipsy adj. as-kem igili.
tire n. lk;
v. adamak;
v. adatmak;
v. gyzygy itirmek.
tired adj. argyn;
adj. adaw.
tired (be of something) v. basylmak;
v. bizar bolmak;
v. irmek.
tiredness n. argynlyk;
n. adawlyk.
tireless adj. irginsiz;
adj. adawsyz.
tiresome adj. adadan;
adj. i gysgyn.
tiring adj. argyn;
adj. adawly.
tissue n. salfetka(r).
tissue (cells) n. deik.
title n. at [a:t];
n. wezipe;
n. tema.
to suffix to show direction. -a, -e;
pos. in.
to her pro. oa(aala).
to him pro. oa (erkege).
to it pro. oa.
to me pro. maa.
to where qmrk. nir.
to you pro. saa.
toast n. tost(r);
thriller toast
English Turkmen 135
n. gutlag;
v. gutlamak;
v. tost atmak.
toast (bread) n. gyzdyrylan rek.
toast (give a) v. yky etmek;
v. sz atmak;
v. tost atmak.
tobacco n. temmki;
n. tabak(r).
tobacco (chewing) n. nas.
today n. u gn;
n. bu gn.
toddler n. orp balan aga.
toe n. aagy barmagy;
n. barmak.
toenail n. aagy dyrnagy.
together adv. bile;
adv. bilelikde;
adv. birlikde.
togetherness n. abatlyk.
toilet n. hajathana;
n. tualet(r).
toilet (to go to the) v. hajathana gitmek;
v. aakoluna gitmek;
id. da ykmak;
v. tualete gitmek.
toilet paper n. hajathana kagyzy.
tolerance n. ydamlylyk.
tolerant adj. ydamly;
adj. oukly;
adj. sabyrly.
tolerate v. ydamak.
token n. yarat.
tomato n. pomidor(r).
tomato paste n. tomat.
tomb n. gabyr;
n. gr;
n. mazar.
tomorrow adv. ertir.
tomorrow (the day after) adv. birign.
ton (metric ton) n. tonna(r).
tone n. labyz;
n. owaz;
n. he.
tongs n. atagzy;
n. gysa.
tongue n. dil.
tongue twister n. ayltma.
tonight n. u agam;
n. u gn agam;
n. u gije.
too adv. hem;
adv. gaty;
adv. rn.
tool (large: shovel, hoe, etc.) n. gural.
tool (small: pliers, hammer, etc.) n. abzal.
tool (usually electric) n. enjam.
tooth n. di.
toothache n. di agyry.
toothbrush n. di otgasy.
toothless adj. disiz.
toothpaste n. di pasta.
toothpick n. di syngasy.
top n. ba;
n. sti.
top (onof) adj. depe;
prep. stnde.
topic n. mowzuk;
n. tema(r).
topping n. depe;
n. okarky;
n. sti.
torch n. fakel(r);
n. yra.
torn adj. yrtyk;
adj. elean.
torrent n. sil.
torso n. gwre;
n. bedeni.
tortilla n. lawa.
torture n. ejir;
v. ejir ekmek.
torture (yourself) v. gynamak.
toss v. oklamak;
v. alap zymak.
total adj. tutu;
n. jemi;
v. hasaplamak;
v. jemlemek.
totally adj. halys dbnden;
adv. doly;
adv. tutulayn;
adv. tutulygyna.
touch n. degme.
v. degirmek.
v. degmek.
touch and go id. lmi brsinde bolmak.
touch up v. tzelemek.
touch upon (an issue) v. degmek.
touch (with a hand) v. el batyrmak;
v. el degirmek;
v. ellemek.
touchy adj. kelek.
tough adj. berk;
adj. gaty;
adj. ydamly.
tough (difficult) adj. kyn.
tour n. syahat.
tourism n. syahatylyk;
n. turizm.
tourist n. syahaty;
n. turist(r).
tourist spot n. syahatylary gelim-
gidim edn er.
tournament n. ary;
n. bsleik.
tourniquet n. day;
n. turniket(r).
tow v. tirkemek.
tow rope n. tros.
toward n. tarap.
towel n. polotense(r).
tower n. minara.
tower over v. abanmak.
town n. her;
n. here.
town center n. her merkezi.
town hall n. her hkimligi.
toast town hall
English Turkmen 136
toxic adj. zherli.
toxicity n. zherlilik.
toxin n. toksin(r);
n. zher.
toy n. jjek;
n. onawa;
n. ounjak.
trace n. nam-nyan;
n. yz;
v. yzarlamak.
track n. yz;
v. yzarlamak [y:zlamak].
tractor n. traktor(r).
trade v. swdalamak;
v. aly-aly etmek.
trade (commerce) n. swda;
n. aly-aly.
trade (craft) n. senet.
trade union n. krdeler arkalaygy.
trade secret n. tilsim.
trader n. swdagr.
tradition n. dp-dessr;
n. relge.
traditional adj. adaty;
adj. dbe gr.
traditional craftsman n. seneti.
traditionally adv. adata.
traffic n. ol hereketi;
n. gatnaw.
traffic light n. swetofor(r);
n. ol yrasy.
traffic police n. ol polisiasy.
tragedy n. pajyga;
n. betbagtylyk.
tragic adj. pajygaly.
trail n. oda;
n. relge.
trailer n. tirkeg.
train car n. wagon(r).
train (i.e. animals) v. ele wrenidirmek.
train (railroad train) n. otly [o:tly];
n. poezd(r).
train station n. menzil.
train (to teach) v. wretmek.
trained (of an athlete) n. trgen.
trained (of animals) adj. eldeki.
trainer n. tlimi;
n. trener(r).
trainers (shoes) n. sport aakgaby.
training n. trgenleik.
trait n. alamat;
n. hsiet.
traitor (i.e. during a war) n. dnk.
tramp v. gedaylyk etmek.
trample v. basgylamak.
tranquil adj. asuda.
tranquility n. asudalyk.
tranquilizer n. kediriji derman.
transfer v. geirmek;
v. erini tgetmek;
v. gemek.
transform v. tgemek;
v. tgetmek.
transform into v. wrmek.
transformation n. wrli;
n. wrliik;
n. zgeri.
transformer n. transformator(r).
transfusion n. gberme;
n. transfuzia(r).
transient adj. wagtlayn.
transit n. tranzit(r);
v. gni gemek.
translate v. terjime etmek.
translation n. terjime.
translator n. terjimei.
transmit v. bermek;
v. geirmek.
transmitter n. peredatik(r);
n. geiriji.
transparent adj. ayrsy grnn.
transplant v. oturtmak.
transport v. gatnatmak;
v. klemek;
v. daamak.
transportation n. ulag.
trap n. duzak;
n. gapan.
trap (set a) v. gapan gurmak.
trapped (to be) n. gapana den;
v. duzaga dmek;
v. gapana dmek.
trash n. galyndy;
n. hapa;
n. musor(r);
n. talandy.
trash can n. hapa salynan bedre;
n. musor bedre(r).
trauma n. dwk;
n. ikes.
traumatic adj. dwk-enjik;
adj. ikesli.
travel n. syahat;
v. syahat etmek.
travel agent n. syahatylyk agentligi.
travel around v. alanmak;
v. syahat etmek.
travel (on a fixed route) v. gatnamak.
traveler n. syahaty.
tray n. podnos(r).
treacherous adj. dnk;
adj. ynamsyz.
treasure n. hazyna.
treasure vault (lit. and fig.) n. hazyna.
treasury n. gazna;
n. hazyna.
treat v. gatnayk etmek;
v. ulanmak;
v. bejermek;
v. ylalamak;
v. hasap etmek;
v. ara alyp maslahatlamak;
v. myhman almak;
v. hdr etmek;
v. sagdynladyrmak;
v glendirmek.
treat n. lezzet;
n. hdr.
toxic treat
English Turkmen 137
treatable adj. bejerip bolan.
treatment n. bejergi;
n. bejeri;
n. terapia.
treaty n. ertnama;
n. ylalayk.
tree n. aga;
n. bag.
tremble v. sandyramak;
v. saldamak;
tremble (for ones lips to tremble) v. titremek.
trench n. ap;
n. ukur.
trend (i.e. in fashion) n. akym.
trendy adj. modaly.
trespasser n. jenaaty.
trial n. dereme;
n. barlama;
n. synag.
triangle n. burlyk.
tribe n. tire-tapa.
tribute (i.e. tax) n. salgyt.
trick v. emel etmek.
trick (ruse) n. mekirlik.
trickle n. damja;
v. dammak;
v. syzmak.
trigger (start) n. balangy;
v. balamak.
trimester n. alyk.
trip n. gezelen;
n. sapar;
n. syahat.
trip over v. syahat etmek.
triplets n. em.
tripod n. aak.
trolley bus n. trollebus.
troop (group of soldiers) n. goun.
tropical adj. tropiki.
trouble n. azar.
trouble (worry) n. alada.
troubled adj. aladaly.
troublemaker n. bulaga;
n. dawayl;
adj. erti;
n. dawake.
trough n. legen;
n. kersen.
trousers n. balak;
n. jalbar.
truce n. arayk.
truck n. mayn (uly);
n. k mayny.
true adj. yn;
adj. dogry;
adj. hakyky.
truly adv. hakykatdan;
adv. dogrudan.
trunk (of a car) n. baganik(r).
trust n. ynam;
n. ynan;
v. bil baglamak;
v. ynanmak.
trusting adj. ynanjan.
trustworthy adj. ygtybarly;
adj. ynamly.
truth n. yn;
n. hakykat.
try n. synanyyk;
v. edip grmek;
v. synanymak.
try on v. denemek.
tsar n. patya.
t-shirt n. futbolka(r).
tub n. legen.
tube n. turba.
tuck v. eplemek;
v. gizlemek.
Tuesday n. sienbe;
n. ikinji gn.
tulip n. igildem.
tumor n. i.
tune n. he;
n. owaz.
tune (a musical instrument) v. saz dzmek.
tunnel n. tunnel(r).
turban n. selle.
turkey n. induk(r);
n. hindi towugyny horazy.
Turkey (the country) n. Trkie.
Turkic languages n. trk dilleri.
Turkish adj. trk.
Turkish language n. trke.
Turkmen n. trkmen;
adj. trkmen.
Turkmen (the language) n. trkmene.
turn n. wrlme;
n. wrm.
turn around v. dolanmak;
v. sowulmak.
turn back v. dolamak;
v. gatmak.
turn (change direction) v. alanmak;
v. wrlmek.
turn (in a circle) v. alamak.
turn down v. peseltmek.
turn (i.e. a page) v. agdarmak.
turn into v. wrlmek.
turn off v. duruzmak;
v. rmek;
v. dyndyrmak.
turn on (a light etc.) v. akmak.
turn on (i.e. a light etc.) v. amak.
turn out v. rmek;
v. sndrmek.
turn over v. agdarmak;
v. ddermek.
turn red v. gyzarmak.
turn (rotate) v. towlanmak.
turn sour v. turamak.
turn (twist something) v. towlamak.
turn upside down v. baaak etmek.
turn (when taking turns) n. gezek.
turnip n. algam;
n. turp.
turtle n. pybaga;
n. pydyl.
turtle dove n. gumry.
treatable turtle dove
English Turkmen 138
tutorial adj. sapak.
tweezers n. jptek;
n. pinset(r).
twelve num. on iki.
twenty num. igrimi.
twice adv. iki gezek.
twins n. ekiz.
twist v. towlamak;
v. burmak.
two num. iki.
two-thirds num. den iki blegi.
tycoon n. gli swdagr.
type n. grn;
n. hil;
n. marka(r);
n. ts.
typhoon n. tupan.
typical adj. adaty;
adj. meze.
tyranny n. zalymlyk;
n. zulum.
tyrant n. zalym.
U u
udder n. emjek;
n. elin.
UFO n. uan tarelka.
ugly adj. betnyan.
ulcer n. ara.
ultimate adj. gutarnykly;
adj. jemleji;
adj. soky;
adj. ahyrky.
umbrella n. saawan.
n. zontik(r).
umlaut n. ekimlileri belgisi.
umm intj. mmm.
UN (United Nations) abbr. BMG (Birleik
milletler guramasy).
unacceptable adj. mmkin dl.
unanimous adj. agzybir;
adj. biragyzdan.
unanimously adv. biragyzdan.
unarmed adj. aragsyz.
unattractive adj. betnyan.
unaware adj. asyz;
adj. bilmen.
unbalanced adj. durnukly dl;
adj. durnuksyz.
unbroken adj. abat.
uncaring adj. biparh;
adj. biperwa;
adj. dugysyz.
unchanging adj. tgewsiz.
uncle (paternal) n. aga;
n. (name) + dde;
n. (name) + kaka.
uncle (maternal) n. day.
unclean adj. kir;
adj. kirli;
adj. hapa.
unclear adj. bulayk;
adj. dnksiz.
uncomfortable adj. amatsyz;
adj. rahat dl.
unconcerned (to be) v. gi bolmak.
unconditional adj. ertsiz;
adj. agdasyz.
unconscious adj. asyz;
adj. behu;
adj. bihu;
adj. husyz;
adj. zni bilmen.
unconsciousness n. husyzlyk;
n. zi bilmezlik.
unconditional adj. ertsiz.
unconscious (knock) v. ayrmak.
unconventional adj. dbe layk dl;
adj. neke dl.
uncultivated (i.e. a field) adj. boz.
undeniable adj. jedelsiz;
adj. bhesiz.
under prep. aagynda;
prep. aak;
prep. pes.
underclothes n. iki eik;
n. iki geim.
undercook v. ig biirmek;
v. biirmn gomak.
underdeveloped adj. galak;
adj. smedik;
adj. yzagalak.
underestimate v. kem baha bermek;
n. gwn etmezlik.
undergo v. duar bolmak;
v. sezewar bolmak.
underground adj. erasty;
adj. eri aagy.
underground (transportation) n. metro(r);
n. metropoliten(r).
underline v. aagyny yzmak.
undermine v. kem baha bermek;
v. gadyryny gayrmak;
v. bahasyny peseltmek.
underneath adv. aak;
adv. aakda;
prep. aagynda.
undernourished adj. doly
imitlendirilmedik.
underprivileged adj. az hukukly;
adj. garyp.
understand (understand fully) v. ba ykarmak.
v. amak;
v. dnmek.
understood adj. dnkli.
undertake (i.e. a project) v. ba gomak;
[undertook, undertaken] v. boun almak;
v. balamak;
v. re grmek.
undertaker n. lini jalaan edarany
igri;
n. telekei.
tutorial undertaker
English Turkmen 139
undertaking n. bornama;
n. krhanay.
underwear n. iki geim.
underweight adj. agramy pesligi;
adj. agramy etmezligi.
undesirable adj. islenilmedik.
undisciplined adj. bidzgn.
undo v. amak;
v. zmek;
v. ki agdaa gatarmak;
v. yzyna dolamak.
undoubted adj. bhesiz.
undoubtedly adj. grrsiz;
adj. hkman.
undress v. ykarynmak.
uneasiness (in animals) n. howsala.
uneasy (to be) v. aljyramak;
adj. ekinje;
adj. ynjalyksyz.
uneducated adj. bilimsiz.
unemployed adj. isiz.
unemployment n. isizlik.
unequal adj. de dl.
uneven adj. dz dl.
Unexpected adj. birden;
adj. dudansyz;
adj.garaylmadyk;
adj. garaylmaan.
unfair adj. adalatsyz.
unfaithful adj. wepasyz;
adj. ykrarsyz.
unfamiliar adj. nbelet;
adj. ntany;
adj. at.
unfasten v. azdyrmak [a:zdyrmak].
unfinished adj. gutarylmadyk.
unfit adj. bolmaan;
adj. gabat gelmen.
unfold v. epini amak;
v. zmek.
unfolded adj. azgyn.
unforgettable adj. atdan ykmajak.
unfortunate adj. bagtsyz;
adj. betbagt;
adj. malay gara.
unfortunately conj. gynansak-da.
unfriendly adj. iigara;
adj. dumanylykly.
ungrateful adj. gadyr bilmez.
unhappy adj. bagtsyz;
adj. betbagt.
unharmed adj. aman-sag.
unhealthy adj. keselli;
adj. nho;
adj. nsag;
adj. syrkaw;
adj. arawsyz.
unification n. birleme;
n. bir nusga getirme.
uniform adj. bir meze;
adj. bir sydyrgyn;
n. forma(r).
unilateral n. birtaraplayn.
uninformed adj. bihabar.
unintentional act n. swlik;
adj. bilmn etmek.
uninterrupted adj. znksiz;
adj. yzygiderli.
union n. birleik;
n. birleme;
n. gurama.
unique adj. aratyn;
adj. tgeik;
adj. eke-tk.
uniqueness n. aratynlyk.
unit n. birlik.
unit (military) n. goun blmi.
unite v. bilelemek;
v. birikmek;
v. birledirmek;
v. birlemek.
united adj. baglanyykly;
adj. birleen;
adj. bitewi;
adj. utgayk;
v. birikmek;
v. birlemek.
United Arab Emirates n. Birleen Arap Emiratlary.
United Kingdom n. Birleen Korollyk.
United Nations (UN) n. Birleen Milletler Gu-
ramasy (BMG).
United States of America n. Amerikany Birleen
tatlary. USA abbr. AB.
unity n. agzybirlik.
universal adj. hli umumy;
adj. umumy.
universe n. lem;
n. dn;
n. dnewi;
n. jahan;
n. er zi.
university n. uniwersitet(r).
university student n. talyp.
unjust adj. nhak.
unkind adj. erbet;
adj. aman;
adj. yzgytsyz;
adj. aramaz.
unknown adj. belli dl;
adj. nbelli;
adj.nmlim;
adj. ntany.
unleaded fuel n. etilsiz angy.
unless adv. eger;
adj. t;
adv. eger-de.
unlike adj. mezemen;
prep. oa garanyda.
unlikely adj. ynanylmayan;
adv. deedirenide.
unlimited adj. ksiz.
unload (i.e. a truck) v. boatmak;
v. ki drmek.
unlock v. amak.
unlucky adj. bagtsyz;
adj. betbagt;
adj. birysgal.
unlucky (to be) v. ii gatmak;
undertaking unlucky
English Turkmen 140
n. owly dl.
unmarked adj. belgilenmedik;
adj. bellenmedik.
unmarried (male) adj. lenmedik.
unmarried (female) adj. durmua ykmadyk.
unmoved adj. gymyldysyz;
adj. gozgalmaan;
adj. gterip bolmajak;
adj. biperwa.
unmoving (of water) adj. ata.
unnatural adj. tebigata gary;
adj. tebigy dl.
unnecessary adj. artykma;
adj. gerekmejek;
adj. gereksiz;
adj. hkman dl;
adj. zerur bolmadyk.
unpleasant adj. erbet;
adj. nejis;
adj. akymsyz;
adj. aramaz.
unproductive adj. nmsiz.
unprofitable adj. girdejisiz;
adj. pedasyz.
unqualified adj. ertsiz.
unravel v. zmek.
unreasonable adj. akylsyz;
adj. phimsiz;
adj. olanylmadyk.
unreliable adj. bil baglap bolmaan.
unresolved adj. zlmedik.
unrest adj. ynjalyksyzlyk;
n. tolgunma.
unruly adj. tertipsiz;
adj. bet.
unsafe adj. howply.
unsanitary adj. hapaylyk.
unsatifactory adj. kanagatly dl.
unscrupulous adj. parhsyz;
adj. ynsapsyz;
adj. binamys;
adj. utansyz.
unseen adj. grlmedik.
unselfish adj. akgwnli.
unshakeable adj. berk;
adj. pugta;
adj. sarsmaz;
adj. ynamly.
unstable adj. durnuksyz.
unsteady adj. durnuksyz.
unstressed (in pronunciation) adj. basymsyz.
unsuccessful person n. owsuz.
(at a certain task)
unsuitableness n. oasyzlyk.
unsure adj. gmana;
adj. ynamy bolmadyk.
unsystematic adj. ulgamsyz.
untamed adj. abany.
untidy adj. kirli;
adj. bulayk.
untie v. zmek.
until prep. enli;
prep. dee;
prep. t.
until death adv. lin.
untimely adj. biwagt.
unusual adj. adaty dl;
adj. birhili;
adj. tsin;
adj. tgeik.
unwelcome adj. islenilmedik;
adj. agyrylmadyk.
unwell adj. arawsyz;
v. zi arawsyz
dumak.
unwilling adj. hwessiz;
adj. islemen.
unwillingly adv. zordan;
adj. islegsiz.
unwind v. zmek;
v. amak.
unwise adj. akylsyz;
adj. kelesa;
n. akmak.
unworried adj. aladasyz.
unworthy adj. gelimen;
adj. mynasyp dl;
adj. biderek.
up prep. okary;
adv. okaryk.
up and down adv.e we yza;
adv. okary we aak;
up to prep. enli.
up until prep. t.
upbringing n. terbie.
upholstery n. obo;
v. obo elmemek.
upon n. stnde.
upper adj. i okarky;
adj. okarky.
upright adj. dik;
adj. gni;
adj. hakyky;
adj. adalatly.
uproar n. galmagal;
n. goh;
n. gli ses;
n. gykylyk.
uproot (fig.) v. arany bozmak;
v. ayrmak;
v. goparmak;
v. ok etmek.
uproot (lit.) v. zmek;
v. sogurmak.
upset adj. aladaly;
adj. gamgyn;
adj. gagyly;
adj. gynanly;
v. gynandyrmak.
upside down adj. baaak;
id. agdar-dder.
upstairs adj. okarky etada;
adj. okarky gatda;
adv. okary;
adv. okarda.
up-to-date adj. dwrebap;
adj. hzirki zaman.
upward adj. okary tarapa;
unmarked upward
English Turkmen 141
adv. okary.
urge v. gyssamak;
v. hadatmak;
v. mejbur etmek;
v. yrmak;
v. rege dmek.
urgent adj. gyssagly;
adj. mhm;
adj. tiz;
adj. wajyp.
urinate v. buukmak;
v. peew etmek;
v. simek.
urination n. buukma.
urine n. peew;
n. sidik.
urn n. urna(r);
n. hapa bedresi.
us n. bizi;
n. bize.
usage n. adat;
n. dp-dessur;
n. ulanma;
n. ulany.
use n. peda;
n. pedalanma;
n. ulanma;
v. pedalanmak;
v. ulanmak.
used (he is ~ to) phrs. ol endik edipdir.
used (he ~ to work at home) phrs. ol de ilerdi.
use up v. ulanyp gutarmak;
v. peadalanmak;
v. tkendirmek.
useful adj. pedaly;
adj. aramly.
useful (to be) v. derde aramak;
v. pedaly bolmak.
usefulness n. peda;
n. hayr.
useless adj. biderek;
adj. pedasyz.
user n. ulanyjy.
usher n. bilet barlaany;
n. bileti.
usual adj. adaty;
adj. hemieki;
adj. neke.
usually adv. adata;
adv. hemie;
adv. kplen.
usurp v. stem etmek;
v. eelemek.
utensil n. gap-ga.
uterus n. atgy.
utility n. peda;
pl. komunal hyzmatlary.
utilize v. pedalanmak;
v. ulanmak.
utmost adj. i soky.
utter adj. baryp atan;
utter (complete) phrs. ts;
utter v .atmak;
v. seslenmek.
utterly adv.btinle;
adv. dpli;
adv. doly;
adv.kemsiz.
Uzbekistan n. zbegistan.
Uzbek (the language) n. zbeke.
Uzbek (the people) n. zbek.
V v
vacancy n. boluk;
n. bo er;
n. wakansia(r).
vacant adj. bo(r).
vacation n. kanikul(r);
n. zhmet rugsady;
n. dyn aly.
vaccinate v. sanjym etmek.
vaccine n. sanjym;
n. waksina(r).
vacuum v. sorup almak.
vacuum cleaner n. hapa sorujy;
n. tozan sorujy;
n. pylesos(r).
vague adj. nbelli;
adj. nmlim;
adj. garjayk;
adj. gmrtik;
adj. dnksiz.
vain adj. biderek;
adj. gompy;
adj. hondan bri;
adj. ulumsy.
Valentines Day n. ayklar gni.
valid adj. hmietli;
adj. degerli.
valley n. dere;
n. jlge.
valuable adj. gymmat;
adj. gymmatbahaly;
n. a-sep.
value n. hmiyet;
n. baha;
n. hmmet.
valve n. klapan(r);
n. gapak.
van n. marrutka(r).
vanguard n. debaryjy.
vanilla n. wanillin(r).
vanish v. itirim bolmak;
v. itmek.
vanity n. hratparazlyk.
vanquish v. stn ykmak;
v. emek.
vapor n. bug;
n. dem;
n. duman.
varied adj. drli;
urge varied
English Turkmen 142
adj. ary;
adj. tgeik.
variety n. drli-drllik;
n. her tsllik.
various adj. drli;
adj. tgeik.
varnish n. syra;
n. lak;
v. lak almak;
v. owadanlamak.
vary v. alymak;
v. tapawutlanmak;
v. tgemek;
v. tgedirmek.
vase n. kze;
n. waza(r).
vast adj. girt;
adj. pet;
adj. gi;
adj. mhnet;
adj. uly.
veal n. gle eti.
vegan n. et-st numleri
imean adam.
vegetable n. gk nm.
vegetable garden n. bakja.
vegetarian n. et imen adam.
vehement adj. gli;
adj. hwesli.
vehicle n. ulag;
n. araba;.
veil n. perde;
n. prenjek;
v. basyrmak;
v. brenmek.
vein n. damar.
velvet n. mahmal;
n. pombarh.
vending machine n. suw, kke, ilim satan
awtomat.
venereal disease v. jyns gatnaygy arkaly
gen kesel.
vengeance n. ar-namys.
venom n. zher.
venomous adj. zherli.
ventilate v. howa aldyrmak;
v. elejiretmek;
v. howasyny tzelemek.
ventilation n. elejiretme.
n. wentilasia(r).
venture v. howply i etmek;
v. twekgellik etmek.
veranda n. ewan.
n. weranda(r).
verb n. ilik.
verbal adj. dilden.
verdict n. hkm;
n. karar;
n. perman.
verdure n. gk smlikler.
verge n. et;
n. gyra.
verify v. barlamak;
v. tassyklamak.
verse n. gogy.
version n. grn;
n. nusga.
vertical adj. dik;
adj. gni.
vertigo (feeling of rotation) n. ba alanma.
very adj. gaty;
adj. aman;
adv. has;
adv. rn.
very well adv. rn gowy.
vessel (blood) n. damar.
vessel n. gap.
vessel(marine) n. gmi;
n. gayk.
vest n. gursaka;
n. esiz.
veteran n. ura gatnayjy;
n. weteran(r).
veterinarian n. hawanlary lukmany;
n. hawanlary saglygyna
degili;
n. mal doktor;
n. weterinar(r).
veterinary n. hawanlary
lukmanylygy;
n. weterinaria(r).
veto n. gadagan etme.
vex v. gahar getirmek;
v. rege dmek.
via prep. sti bilen.
vibrate v. titretmek;
v. sandyramak.
vibration n. titreme;
n. sandyrama.
vice n. bela-beter;
n. bela;
n. kemilik;
adj. erbet;
n. etmezilik.
vice-president n. wise-president(r).
vicinity n. golalyk;
n. goulyk;
n. twerek.
vicious adj. bozuk;
adj. azgyn.
victim n. gurban bolan;
n. pida.
victor n. eiji.
victorious adj. stn.
victory n. ei.
victuals n. azyk nmleri;
n. imit.
video n. wideo(r).
video cassette n. wideokaseta.
video player n. wideomagnitofon(r).
Vienna n.Wena.
Vietnam n.Wetnam.
Vietnamese adj. wetnam.
view n. garay;
n. grn;
n. gzetim;
n. nazar;
v. seretmek;
v. garamak.
view (point of view) n. nukda nazar;
variety view
English Turkmen 143
n. pikir.
viewer n. tomaay.
viewing n. tomaa.
vigilance n. hgrlik.
vigorous adj. gaduwsyz;
adj. gli.
vigorously ad v. gujurly;
ad v. garatly.
vile adj. nejis;
adj. pis;
adj. kirli;
adj. hapa;
adj. igrenji.
village n. dahan birleigi;
n. kolhoz(r);
n. oba.
village elder n. kethuda;
n. aksakgal;
n. oba aulsy.
villain n. deus;
n. nejis;
n. pis;
n. ganhor.
vindicate v. aklamak;
v. subut etmek.
vine n. zm ahasy.
vinegar n. sirke;
n. uksus(r).
vineyard n. zm bagy;
n. zmlik.
violate v. bozmak;
v. zorluk etmek.
violence n. zorluk;
n. stem;
n. jebir.
violent adj. gaharly.
adj. gazaply;
adj. gli;
adj. gaduwsyz;
adj. zorlukly;
adj. zalym;
adj. rehimsiz.
violently adv. g bilen
adj. zorluk bilen.
violet adj. benewe;
n. fialka gli.
violin n. skripka(r).
violin (Turkmen) n. gyjak.
VIP n. ran mhm adam.
viper n. alahwren.
virtual adj. hyaldaky.
virtue n. abra;
n. mertebe;
n. agylyk.
virus n. wirus(r).
visa n. wiza(r);
n. ygtyarnama.
viscous adj. pek (emeli).
visible n. anyk;
n. grnkli;
n. grnn.
vision n. gr.
visit n. sapar;
n. resmi sapar;
v. barmak;
v. baryp grmek;
v. grme-gre gitmek;
v. saparda bolmak.
visit (as a guest) v. myhmanylyga barmak.
visitor n. myhman.
visual adj. grnn;
adj. grkezme.
vital adj. mhm;
adj. wajyp;
adj. zerur.
vital (to life) adj. aay;
adj. durmu.
vitamin n. witamin(r).
vivid adj. janly;
adj. agty;
adj. iti.
vocabulary n. szlk.
vocal n. sesli;
n. wokal(r).
vocation n. hwes;
n. meil.
vodka n. arak.
voice n. ses;
n. owaz.
voiceless adj. dymyk;
adj. sessiz.
voiceless (linguistic term) adj. dymyk.
void n. boluk;
adj. bo;
adj. ygtyarsyz;
adj.gjni gayran;
adj. mahrum.
volcanic adj. wulkan zerarly;
adj. jogunly.
volcano n. wulkan(r).
volleyball n. wolebol(r).
voltage n. wolta.
volume (amount) n. gwrm.
n. mber.
volume (sound) n. ses.
voluntarily adv. meletin.
voluntary adj. hwesli;
adj. meletin.
volunteer n. meletini;
v. meil etmek.
vomit v. gatarmak;
v. gusmak;
v. gemek.
vote n. ses (salawda);
n. ses berliik;
v. ses bermek.
voter n. salawy.
voting n. salaw;
n. ses beri.
vow n. kasam;
v. kasam etmek.
vowel n. ekimli ses.
voyage n. syahat;
v. gezelen.
voyager n. syahaty.
vulgar adj. erbet;
adj. gdek;
adj. kirli.
vulnerability n. gowaklyk;
n. nziklik.
viewer vulnerability
English Turkmen 144
W w
waddle v. yranmak;
v. srenmek.
wafer n. wafli.
wage war v. uru alyp barmak;
v. urumak.
wage n. alyk.
wagon n. araba.
wail n. gykylyk;
v. ygyrmak;
v. uwlamak.
waist n. bil.
waistcoat n. esiz.
wait v. garamak.
wait a minute id. bir minut garay.
waiter n. ofisiant(r);
n. restoranda hyzmat
edn oglan.
waiting room n. garaylyan otag.
waitress n. ofisiantka(r)
n. restoranda hyzmat
edn gyz.
wake up [woke/waked, v. oanmak;
woken/waked] v. turmak;
v. turuzmak.
wake up call v. oarmak in ja
etmek.
wake (wake someone up) v. oarmak.
Wales n.Uels.
walk n. gezim;
v. gezmek;
v. gezim etmek;
v. oremek;
v. pyada remek.
walk around v. ala-ala etmek.
walk back and forth v. gezmelemek.
walk (take a) v. alamak.
walkie talkie n. rasia(r).
walking tour n. remek gezelenji.
wall n. diwar;
n. haat.
wallet n. gapjyk.
wallpaper n. obo(r).
walnut n. ho.
wander v. alanyp rmek;
v. ala-ala etmek;
v. entemek;
v. gezmek;
v. seran etmek.
want v. islemek.
war n. uru;
n. swe.
ward n. nsagy otagy;
n. palata.
wardrobe n. garderob(r);
n. geim kafy.
warehouse n. ammar;
n. sklad(r).
warfare n. swe;
n. uru;
n. uru tlimleri;
n. harby hereketler.
warm adj. mayl;
adj. yly;
v. gyzmak;
v. gyzdyrmak;
v. ylatmak;
v. ylamak.
warm (to become) v. malamak;
v. ylamak.
warm-blooded adj. gyzma.
war-monger n. ury baladan adam;
v. ot bermek.
warm up v. gyzdyrmak;
v. malamak.
warm weather n. mayllyk.
warmth n. akreklilik;
n. yly;
n. ylylyk.
warn v. bildirmek;
v. dudurmak;
v. nden dudurmak.
warning n. dudury.
warrant n. order(r);
n. esas;
v. kepil bolmak.
warrior n. esger;
n. sweiji.
Warsaw n. Warawa.
warship n. harby gmi.
wart n. siil.
wash v. uwmak.
wash (clothes) v. kir uwmak.
wash ones hands v. elii uwmak.
wash (wash oneself) v. uwunmak;
v. suwa dmek.
wash with soap v. sabynlamak;
v. sabynlanmak.
washcloth n. moalka.
Washington, D.C. n. Waington.
washing-up n. uwmak;
n. arassalamak.
washtub n. legen;
n. tayr.
wasp n. eek ary.
waste n. galyndy;
v. zaalamak;
v. yra etmek.
waste (become weak) v. gyden gamak.
waste time v. wagt itirmek.
wasteful adj. biderek.
wastepaper n. makulatura.
watch v. grmek;
v. gzlemek;
v. seretmek;
v. synlamak.
watch (wrist) n. sagat.
watchful adj. g;
adj. hgr;
adj. esewan.
watchfulness n. esewanlyk;
n. hgrlik;
adj. glik.
waddle watchfulness
English Turkmen 145
watching n. tomaa.
watch maker n. sagat ussasy.
watchman n. garagul;
n. saky.
watchtower n. saky budkasy.
water n. suw;
v. suwarmak.
water (boiled) n. ganan suw.
water bottle n. suw esi.
water (bottled) n. edki suw.
water (clean) n. arasa suw;
n. sji suw.
water (dirty) n. hapa suw.
water (drinking) n. agyz suw;
n. iiln suw.
watering pot n. kitri;
n. nek.
water main n. suw turbasy.
water (mineral) n. mineral suw.
water (make ones mouth) v. agyz suwartmak.
water supply n. suw pjniligi.
water (unboiled) n. ganamadyk suw.
watercolor n. akwarel(r).
waterfall n. arlawuk.
watermelon n. garpyz.
Waterproof adj. suw geirmen.
watt n. wat(r).
wave n. tolkun;
v. galgatmak;
v. parlamak.
wax n. mum;
adv. mumly.
way n. ol;
n. salgy;
n. tarap;
n. ugur.
we pro. biz.
weak adj. gowak.
weak (of a person, lit. & fig.) adj. gowak.
weaken v. gowatmak.
weakness n. gowaklyk;
n. ysgynsyzlyk.
weakness (of a person, lit. & fig.) n. gowak tarapy;
adj. gowak.
wealth n. balyk;
n. dwlet.
wealthy adj. ba;
adj. bereketli;
adj. barly;
adj. dwletli.
wean v. agany stden
ayrmak.
weapon n. arag.
wear [wore, worn] v. dakynmak;
v. gemek;
v. geinmek.
weariness n. adawlyk.
weary adj. adadan;
adj. adaw;
v. adamak;
v. rege dmek.
weather n. howa.
weave [wove, woven] v. dokamak.
weaver n. dokmay;
n. haly.
weaving n. dokma.
web n. kerep;
n. internet.
webpage n. internet sahypasy.
website n. internet sahypalar to-
plumy.
wedding n. nyka to;
n. to;
n. to dabarasy.
wedding anniversary n. to.
wedding vows n. nika kasamlary.
Wednesday n. arenbe;
n. nji gn.
weed n. haal ot;
v. otamak.
week n. hepde.
weekend n. dyn gnleri;
n. hepde soy;
n. enbe we ekenbe.
weekly adv. hepdelik.
weep [wept, wept] v. aglamak;
v. uwlamak.
weeping n. agy.
weft (in weaving) n. arga.
weigh v. agramy lemek;
v. agramy ekmek.
weight n. agram;
n. ekim.
weigh (to less) v. horlanmak.
weigh (tomore) v. semremek.
weight (to gain) v. semremek.
weight (to lose) v. horlanmak.
weight gain n. agramy artmagy.
weight loss n. agramy kemelmegi.
weighty adj. agyr;
adj. degerli.
Welcome! intj. Ho geldiiz!
welcome v. gary almak;
v. garylamak.
weld v. kebirlemek.
welder n. kebirji;
n. swarik(r).
welfare n. pjnilik.
well adv. gowy;
adv. oat;
intj. esem.
well (health) adj. sagat;
adj. sagdyn;
adj. daaw.
well n. eme;
n. guy;
n. howuz.
well (to feel) v. zi at dumak.
well (to get) v. gowulamak.
well intj. hany.
well behaved adj. tertipli.
Well done! intj. Berekella!
well (for water) n. guy.
well known adj. ady belli;
adj. mehur;
adj. tanymal.
well-balanced adj. akylly;
adj. pahasly;
watching well-balanced
English Turkmen 146
adj. dogry.
well-being n. abadanlyk;
n. eret.
well-dressed adj. gowy genen.
well off adj. gurply;
adj. zni oaran.
well-read adj. kp okan;
adj. okumy.
well-to-do adj. ba.
Welsh n. Uelsli.
weird adj. tgeik;
adj. ge.
west n. gnbatar.
western adj. gnbatar.
wet adj. l;
adj. ygly;
v. llemek.
whale n. kit;
n. lhe balyk.
what qmrk. hasy;
qmrk. nme.
what is the matter qmrk. nme boldy.
what kind qmrk. nhili.
what time is it qmrk. sagat ne.
whatever pro. nmedir bir zat.
wheat n. bugda.
wheel n. tigir.
wheelbarrow n. galtak.
wheelchair n. tigirli oturgy.
when qmrk. haan.
whenever adv. her haan;
adv. haan hem bolsa.
where qmrk. nirede.
where (to where) qmrk. nir.
whereas conj. bri;
conj. emma;
conj. onyana.
wherever adv. pro. nir bolsa-da;
adv. pro. nirede bolsa-da.
whether adv. pro. belki;
adv. pro. ya-da.
whet stone n. algy da.
which qmrk. hasy.
while conj. hzir.
whim n. ynjyklyk;
n. nz-kerem;
n. tgp durmaklyk.
whine n. ysama;
n. wyzzyldy;
v. ysamak;
v. wyzzyldatmak.
whiner n. aglak;
n. iirdi.
whip n. gamy;
v. gamylamak.
whir v. uwlamak;
v. wazzyldamak.
whirlwind n. twele.
whiskers n. ekge sa;
n. hawany murty.
whisky n. wiski(r).
whisper n. pyrdy;
v. pyyrdamak.
whistle n. jrlewk;
n. sykylyk;
v. jrletmek;
v. sygyrmak;
v. uwwuldamak.
whistling n. sykylyk.
white adj. ak.
white-bearded n. aksakal.
white lie n. zyansyz alan.
whiten v. agarmak;
v. aklamak.
whitewash n. agartma;
v. agartmak.
white water rafting n. salda gezelen etmek.
who qmrk. kim.
whole adj. bitin;
adj. doly;
n. tutu.
whole year adv. yl boy.
wholeheartedly id. ak rekden.
wholeness n. abatlyk.
wholesale adv. loma;
n. loma sowda.
wholesome adj. pedaly;
adj. oat;
adj. sagdyn.
whom pron. kime.
whose pron. kimiki.
why qmrk. nme in.
wicked adj. erbet;
adj. gaharja;
adj. gylyksyz.
wide adj. gi;
adj. ogyn;
adj. gii.
widely adv. giden;
adv. azgyn.
widen v. gieltmek.
widespread adj. giden aran.
widow n. dul aal.
widower n. dul adam.
width n. in [i:n].
wife n. aal.
n. hele (coarse form);
n. kewany.
wig n. parik(r);
n. asama sa.
wild adj. abany;
v. medan.
wilderness n. llk.
wildlife reserve n. tebigy goraghanasy.
will (at will) n. isleg bouna.
will (desire) n. erk.
will (the legal document) n. wesetnama.
willful adj. bilgelein;
adj. bilnip edilen.
willing adj. hwes bilen;
v. taar bolmak.
willingly adv. meletin.
willow n. swt;
n. tal;
n. leli sa.
wilt v. solmak.
win (win a competition) v. utmak.
v. emek.
well-being win
English Turkmen 147
win (win a game) v. utmak;
v. basmak.
win [won, won] v. eelemek;
v. emek;
v. utmak;
v. stn ykmak.
wind n. emal;
n. el.
wind v. tow bermek;
v. saramak.
wind up v. zmek;
v. gutarmak.
winding adj. alawly.
windmill n. el degirmeni.
window n. ana;
n. pige;
n. penjire.
windowpane n. pige anasy.
windshield n. mayny anasy.
windsurfing n. elkenli tagta bilen
zmek.
windy adj. emally;
adj. elli.
wine n. akyr;
n. erap;
n. wino(r).
wine glass n. bulgur.
wing n. ganat.
wink v. gz gyrpmak;
v. gyrpmak.
winner n. eiji.
winter n. gy.
wipe v. sprmek;
v. syrmak.
wipe out v. umurmak;
v. ykmak;
v. ok etmek;
v. er bilen delemek.
wire n. sim;
v. sim bilen baglamak.
wise adj. adyl;
adj. kde;
id. u manyly;
adj. parasatly;
adj. pahasly.
wise man n. akyldar;
n. bilimdar.
wisdom n. parasatlylyk.
wish n. arzuw;
n. isleg;
v. arzuw etmek.
wish for v. islemek.
wish well v. dugudalyk bildirmek;
v. saglyk arzuw etmek.
wit n. akyl.
witch n. jadygy.
with adv. bilen;
adv. any bilen.
with (using) adv. bilen.
withdraw v. ayrmak;
v. ekmek;
v. ekilmek;
v. ekip ayrmak;
v. yzyna almak.
withdrawal n. ayrma;
n. atyrylma.
wither v. guramak.
withered adj. agajet;
adj. guran.
within prep. ginde;
prep. iinde.
without her\him\it pro. onsuz.
without permission adv. rugsatsyz.
without that adv. onsuz.
without those adv. olarsyz.
withstand v. ydamak;
v. dzmek.
witness n. aat.
n. subutnama.
witness (to be a) v. aat bolmak.
witty adj. iti (akylly).
wizard n. jadyg.
wolf n. mjek;
n. bri;
n. gurt.
woman n. aal;
n. zenan.
womb n. atgy.
women n. aallar.
Womens Day n. Aal-Gyzlar Gni.
wonder v. akarmak;
v. haran galmak.
wonderful adj. ajayp;
adj. allanme;
adj. tsin.
woo v. gudaylyga gitmek;
v. zi sdrmek.
wood n. aga.
wood (forest) n. toka(r).
woodchuck n. alaka.
wooden adj. aga;
adj. agadan edilen.
woodpecker n. dadeen.
woodworker n. aga ussasy.
woof (in weaving) n. arga.
wool n. .
word n. sz.
word (keep ones) v. sznde durmak.
word-for-word translation n. szme sz terjime.
wore v. wear iligini ten
zaman grni.
work n. i;
v. ilemek;
n. zhmet.
work (i.e. land) v. bejermek.
workaholic n. iennir adam;
n. ijen adam.
worker n. ii.
workout n. trgenleik;
v. mak etmek.
workshop n. ussahana;
n. okuw.
world n. lem-jahan;
n. dn.
world view n. dngaray;
n. garay.
worldwide adj. btindn;
adj. hlumumy.
worm n. guruk.
worm (earthworm) n. er gurugy.
win worm
English Turkmen 148
worn v. wear iligini ten
zaman grni.
worn out (to be) (i.e. clothes) v. knelmek;
v. tozmak.
worried adj. gagyly.
worried (to be) v. darykmak.
worry n. alada;
n. gagy;
n. nji;
v. alada etmek;
v. birahatlamak;
v. biynjalyk bolmak;
v. gagylanmak;
v. gagy etmek;
v. nj gitmek;
v. zlmek.
worry (to not) v. alada etmeksizlik;
v. arkayn bolmak.
worry (worry someone) v. tolgundyrmak;
v. nj gomak;
v. alada gomak.
worse adj. beter;
adj. erbetrk;
adj. aramazrak.
worsen (of an illness) v. (agday) agralmak;
v. beterlemek;
v. aramazlamak.
worship n. ybadat;
v. ba egmek;
v. ybadat etmek;
v. okunmak.
worst adj. i erbet.
worth adj. baha;
adj. nyrh;
n. wajyplyk;
adj. geregi.
worthless (of a person) adj. biderek;
adj. dereksiz.
adj. deger-degmez.
worthy adj. mynasyp;
adj. layk.
would will iligi ten zaman
formasy;
v. islemek;
v. hay etmek.
wound n. ara;
v. aralamak;
v. aralanmak.
wounded adj. araly.
wove v. weave iligini ten
zaman grni.
woven adj. dokalan;
v. weave iligini ten
zaman grni.
wrap v. dolamak;
v. drlemek;
v. dayny saramak.
wrapping paper n. gaplama kagyzy;
n. dolag.
wrath n. gahar;
n. gazap.
wrap up v. dolamak;
v. saramak.
wreak v. ummurmak;
v. ar almak;
v. zyan getirmek.
wreath n. emen.
wrench n. gaka aary;
v. towlap ykarmak;
v. goparmak.
wrestle (lit. and fig.) v. gremek.
wrestler n. plwan.
wrestling (the sport) n. gre.
wretch n. pahyr;
n. grgli;
n. haramzada.
wretched adj. gzgyny.
wring v. towlamak.
wring out v. sykmak.
wrinkle n. ygyrt;
n. gasyn;
v. ygyrmak.
wrinkled adj. mrk;
adj. ygyrtly.
wrist n. bilek;
n. goar.
wrist watch n. sagat [sagat].
write [wrote, written] v. azmak [azmak].
writer n. azyjy.
writing n. hat;
n. azuw.
written adj. azmaa;
adj.azylan.
wrong adj. bimamla;
adj. dogry dl;
adj. ndogry;
adj. aly.
wrote v. write iligini ten
zaman grni.
X x
X-ray n. rentgen(r).
Xerox n. kopia ediji enjam;
n. kseroks;
v. kpeldip ykarmak;
v. kserekopia etmek;
v. nusgasyny almak.
xylophone n. ksilofon (r).
Y y
yacht n. gmi;
n. ahta(r).
yank v. almak;
v. ekip ekmek;
v. goparmak.
yap n. samyrdy;
v. hawlamak;
v. aramak.
worn yap
English Turkmen 149
yard n. haat;
n. howly.
yard (distance) n. metr(r);
n. yard.
yarn n. p.
yawn n. pallamaklyk;
v. pallamak.
yarrow (the plant) n. bobodran.
yeah n. dogry;
n. hawa.
year (yr) n. yl.
years n. a.
yearn n. rek gysma;
v. gli islemek;
v. intizar bolmak;
v. ksemek;
v. regi gysmak.
yeast n. dro(r);
n. hamyr maa.
yell n. iti ses;
n. gykylyk;
v. ayrmak;
v. gygyrmak;
v. gyk-bak etmek;
v. hakyrmak;
v. hekirmek;
v. mrmek.
yellow adj. sary.
yelp v. wakyrmak;
v. ygyrmak.
Yemen n. emen.
yes adv. hawa.
yesterday n. dn.
yesterday (the day before) n. oin.
yet adv. entek;
adv. heniz;
adv. ne.
yield n. hasyl;
v. hasyl bermek;
v. hasyl ndrmek.
yoga n. oga.
yogurt n. gatyk;
n. ekize;
n. ogurt.
yoke n. hamyt;
n. stem;
n. zulum.
yolk n. umurtgany sarysy.
yonder adv. ayrda;
adv. ol erde;
adv. ol tada;
adj. ynha ol.
you (formal or plural) pro. siz.
you (informal singular) pro. sen.
young adj. a;
adj. kmillik ayna
etmedik.
young man ex. jahyl.
younger sibling adj. jigi.
your pro.sing. seni;
pro. pl. sizi.
yours pro. sing. seniki;
pro.pl. siziki.
yourself pro. z.
yourselves pro. ziz.
youth n. juwanlyk;
n. alyk;
n. igitlik.
youth hostel n. alar atakhanasy.
youthful adj. as;
adj. etginjek.
yurt n. gara ;
n. ak.
Z z
zany adj.glkn;
adj. samsyk.
zeal n. garat;
n. yhlas;
n. kuwwat.
zealous adj. garatly;
adj. yhlasly.
zebra n. zebra.
zenith n. dik asman;
n. mhm nokat;
n. wajyp nokat.
zero n. hi zat;
num. nol.
zest n. hwes;
n. hyjuw;
adj. aratynlyk
n. yhlas.
zest(citrus) n. guradylan limon gabygy.
zigzag n. wrm;
n. zigzag(r);
v. e-yza gitmek.
zinc n. sink.
zip v. syrma bilen apmak.
zip-fastener n. zynjyrly ilgenek halka.
zipper n. syrma;
n. zamok(r).
zodiac n. zodiak.
zombie n. zombi(r);
n. janlandyrylan li
(ertekilerden);
n. akylsyz adam.
zone n. etrap;
n. blnen er;
n. zolak;
n. tussag ei.
zoo n. hawanat bagy.
zookeeper n. hawanat bagyny
igri.
zoology n. zoologia(r).
zoom v. wyzzyldamak;
v. ulaldyp grkezmek;
v. ulaltmak.
zoom in v. ulaltmak.
zoom out v. kieltmek
yard zoom out
Turkmen English 1
-a, -e prep. to, unto.
-a, -e adv. title.
a harpyna ermende id. completely illiterate,
completely ignorant.
abadan adj. peaceful.
adj. prosperous.
abadanylyk n. prosperity.
n. well-being, comfort, mod-
ern amenities.
abadanladyrmak v. to renovate, to rebuild, to
improve (i.e. a city, a house).
abadanlamak v. to get improved.
abadanlyk n. well being, comfort.
abanmak v. to lean down over, to
tower over, to stand right
over someone.
abat adj. preserved.
adj. protected, intact, unbro-
ken. EX: Magalayz abat
bolsun! May your family
remain unbroken!
abatlamak v. to repair, to renovate, to
correct.
abatlay n. repairs.
abatlyk n. preservation.
n. togetherness, unity, agree-
ment.
n. wholeness.
aba n. threat, bullying.
aba etmek v. to bully.
abort etmek v. to abort (a fetus).
abra n. honor, reputation, pres-
tige, authority, virtue.
abralandyrmak v. to promote (i.e. for a job).
abraly adj. authoritative, respected,
honorary, reputable, prestig-
ious.
abstrakt dnje n. abstract concept (idea).
AB (Amerikanay abbr. TheUSA, the U.S. (the
Birleen tatlary) United States of America).
abarmak v. to act proud. Ref: lit: to
stand with ones feet apart.
abuna n. subscription (i.e. to a peri-
odical).
abuna azylmak v. to subscribe (to something).
abunay n. subscriber.
abyny-tabyny almak id. to learn the ins and outs
(of a business). EX: Ol bu
ii abyny-tabyny alan. He
has learned the ins and outs
of this business.
abyrsyz adj. tireless.
abzal n. tool (small tool: pliers,
hammer, etc.), equipment,
appliance, instrument.
abzalladyrmak v. to equip (with something),
to supply (with something).
abzas n. paragraph.
a adj. hungry.
a-aan adv. freely, openly, frankly.
a-aan aytmak id. to speak frankly.
aar n. key.
agz adj. greedy.
agzlk n. greed.
alyk n. famine. EX: Hasyly
gowy bolmanlygy sebpli
alyk boldy. There was a
famine because there was
not a good harvest.
n. hunger, appetite.
alyk ekmek v. to be on a hunger strike .
alyk yglan etmek v. to starve.
amak v. to open.
v. to undo.
v. to unlock.
v. to reveal.
v. to turn on (i.e. a light etc.).
ayk adj. open.
adj. light (i.e. for a color).
adj. plain.
adj. clear (i.e. the sky). EX:
Ayk asman. A clear sky.
ayk aytmak v. to speak frankly, not to
mince words.
ayk gyzyl adj. pink.
ayk hat n. postcard.
ayk howada id. out-of-doors.
ayk rek adj. bright.
ayklyk n. gap.
aylmak v. to be opened.
ayly n. opening, premier.
ay n. opening (i.e. a store).
n. discovery.
ayz n. invention.
ada n. island.
adag (adaglama) n. engagement.
adaglamak v. to betroth, to give in en-
gagement.
adagly adj. betrothed.
adalat n. justice.
adalatly adj. fair, just, upright.
adalatsyz adj. unfair.
adalatsyzlyk n. injustice, unfairness.
adalga n. term. EX: Fiziki
adalgalar. Physics terms or
physics terminology.
adam n. man, person, human being.
n. husband.
adam bayna id. per person. EX: Geli
adam bayna szlem
dzeli. Lets make up
three sentences per person.
adam hukuklary n. human rights.
adamy adj. unfriendly, hostile (of
animals who are prone to
biting or attacking people)
EX: Onu iti adamy. His
dog is hostile to people.
adamylyk n. humaneness, humanity.
adamkrilik n. humaneness, benevolence,
charity, humanitarianism.
adamkrilikli adj. philanthropic, noble.
A a
-a, -e adamkrilik
Turkmen English 2
adamlar n. people.
adamlyk suf. man. EX: 150 adamlyk
zal. 150 person auditorium.
adamsy n. husband.
adamy immunodefisit n. Human Immunodeficiency
wirusy (AIW) Virus (HIV).
adamzat n. mankind, humanity, human
race.
adat n. usage.
n. tradition, custom.
adat bouna adj. traditionally, generally.
adata adv. traditionally, customarily,
normally, usually, typically.
adaty n. traditionalist.
adatdan daary adj. extraordinary, emergency.
adatdan daary agday n. emergency situation.
adaty adj. conventional, non-nuclear.
EX: Adaty yaraglar. Non-
nuclear weapons.
adaty adj. usual, normal, typical,
customary, ordinary, tradi-
tional, regular.
adaty dl adj. unusual, abnormal.
adaty araglar n. conventional weapons.
administrasia(r) n. administration.
adres(r) n. address.
adwokat(r) n. defense attorney.
ady belli adj. famous, well known.
adygan adj. famous, well known.
adykmak v. to become famous.
adyl adj. wise, fair, correct. EX:
Adyl beg. A wise king.
adyllyk n. justice, truth, fairness,
wisdom.
adyndaky adj. named after. EX:
Magtymguly adyndaky
Trkmen Dwlet Univer-
siteti. The Turkmen State
University named after
Magtymguly. OR Magtymguly
Turkmen State University.
affiks(r) v. to affix.
Afrikaly n. African.
aga n. elder brother.
n. uncle (paternal).
n. Ref: formal term of ad-
dress for an elder man, un-
cle, or elder brother.
aga n. tree.
n. wood, board, timber pole.
adj. wooden.
aga kesindisi n. log.
aga oturtmak v. to plant a tree.
aga ussasy n. woodworker, carpenter,
joiner.
agadan edilen adj. wooden.
agajet adj. slim, thin, not fat. EX:
Agajet adam. A slim man.
agajet adj. withered, wrinkled.
agajyn grni n. fir.
agalyk etmek v. to reign, rule.
agalyk srmek v. to reign, rule.
agaran n. foam, froth of al
(camels milk).
agarmak v. to whiten, turn white.
agartma n. whitewash.
agartmak v. to whitewash.
agdar-dder id. upside down.
agdar-dder etmek v. to turn upside down.
agdarma n. wreaker.
agdarmak v. to turn, to overturn, to
dig, to throw off, to topple.
EX: Gaygy agdarmak. To
overturn the boat. EX:
Mellegi agdarmak. To dig
the garden.
agdarmak v. to reverse.
v. to wreak.
v. to till (i.e. soil).
v. to turn over (i.e. a page).
EX: Men kne kitaby sahy-
palaryny mazaly agdardym. I
turned over the pages of the
old book carefully.
agdyk n. much (too ), surplus.
agdyk klemek v. to overburden.
agdyklyk n. superiority.
n. surplus.
agdyklyk edyn adj. prevalent.
agdyklyk etmek v. to prevail.
agentlik(r) n. agency.
agitirlemek v. to agitate.
aglaba adv. mainly, often, in most
cases, absolutely.
n. majority.
aglak n. crybaby, whiner.
aglamak v. to cry, to weep [wept,
wept], to mourn.
aglamjyramak v. to whimper, to snivel, to
sob.
aglatmak v. to make someone cry, to
bring someone to tears, to
move somebody to tears.
agmak v. to fall, fall off.
v. to pass, complete.
v. to overflow.
agralmak v. to advance in pregnancy.
v. to gain weight.
v. to worsen (i.e. an illness),
to grow more complicated
(i.e. an illness).
agram n. weight, heaviness.
agram artdyrmak v. gain weight. EX: Men
agramymy artdyrdym. I
gained weight.
agram gtermek v. to lift a weight.
agram salmak v. to oppress. Ref: lit: to press
heavily. EX: Daglar ere,
beg halka agram salar.
The mountains press the
earth, the ruler oppresses the
people.
agramlamak v. to evaluate.
v. to weigh.
agramlanmak v. to weigh.
agramly adj. heavy.
agramy artdyrmak v. to gain weight, to weigh
more.
adamlar agramy artdyrmak
Turkmen English 3
agramy itirmek v. to weigh less, to lose
weight.
agramy artmagy n. weight gain.
agramy kemelmegi n. weight loss.
agramy pesligi adj. underweight.
agramy etmezligi adj. underweight.
agramy itmegi n. weight loss.
agrar n. agrarian, agricultural.
agras adj. serious (not joking).
adj. slow, deliberate.
agsak adj. lame, crippled.
agsak goun n. black sheep.
agam n. evening.
agsamak v. to limp.
agamara n. evening (in the ).
agamlyk nahar n. supper, dinner.
agtari n. search.
agtarma n. quest.
agtarmak v. to search for, to seek
[sought, sought].
agtary n. search.
agtary ileri n. excavation, prospecting.
agtyk n. grandchild.
agtyklar n. grandchildren.
agy n. crying, weeping.
agyl n. corral, pen (i.e. for live-
stock).
agym tutmak v. to make someone sad
agyn adv. all completely. EX:
Onu barlag ii agyn al-
y. His dictation was com-
pletely wrong.
agyp-dnip id. freely, unfenced (about
livestock). EX: azda
rde gounlar agyp-
dnp rdiler. In the
spring the sheep range freely
in the field.
agyr adj. painful.
adj. difficult (of a situation).
adj. heavy (lit. and fig.), mas-
sive.
adj. serious (i.e. a problem).
agyr degmek v. to offend, to insult. Ref: lit:
to touch heavily.
agyr dmek v. to be difficult, to be hard
on someone.
agyr gtermek v. to lift a weight.
agyr sz n. unpleasant words.
agyrak adj. painful.
agyrly adj. painful.
agyrlyk n. hardship, difficulty.
agyrlyk n. weight.
agyrmak v. to hurt [hurt, hurt], ache,
sore (to be ).
agyrmak v. to sting [stung, stung].
agyrmak v. to be offended, to be in-
sulted.
agyrsyz adj. painless.
agyrtmak v. to take pains.
v. to injure, to hurt (to hurt
someone else), to inflict pain.
agyrtmak v. to offend, to insult.
agyry n. pain, ache, soreness.
n. worry, concern.
agyrylylyk n. tenderness (pain).
agyryny ayranderman n. painkiller.
agyz n. mouth.
n. rim, brim (of a cup or
opening).
n. entryway.
agyz amak v. to break a fast.
agyz beklemek v. to fast.
agyz akamak in suw n. mouthwash.
agyz salmak v. to bite, to bite off.
agyz suwarmak id. for ones mouth to water.
EX: Beni dodurma iip
duranyny grp meni
agzym suwardy.When I
saw the icecream Ben was
eating, my mouth watered.
agyz suwartmak v. to make ones mouth wa-
ter. EX: Bazardaky ir-
imiler agzyy su-
wardar. The fruit from the
bazaar makes ones mouth
water.
agyz suwy n. drinking water.
agyzdan adj. oral (i.e. for medication).
agyzna dek adj. secretive, discreet.
agyzregidratasia n. oral rehydration salts.
agyzzyryk n. horse's bit.
agza n. member (of a group). EX:
Bu magalany hemme
agzalary Trkmene gowy
bilr. All the members of
this family know Turkmen
well.
n. organ (i.e. heart, liver, etc.).
n. part of a sentence (i.e.
subject, predicate).
agza dumak id. to be subject of common
gossip.
agzala adj. in conflict, disunited,
engaged in fighting, divided.
EX: Agzybire tary bir,
agzalany garybir.
United we stand and divided
we fall.
agzalalyk n. conflict, discord, disagree-
ment.
agzalmak v. to be mentioned.
agzalyk n. membership.
agzamak v. to mention.
agzy ayk n. simpleton, half-wit,
dummy.
agzy bimek v. to get burned (fig.). EX:
Men bir gezek apdan
bkp agzym bidi, indi
men die kprden
gejek. One time I got
burned jumping across the
canal, in the future I will
only cross the bridge.
agzy jheksiz n. chatterbox, babbler.
agzybir adj. unanimous.
agzybir adj. friendly.
adj. peaceful.
agramy itirmek agzybir
Turkmen English 4
agzybirlik n. agreement (on what is to
be said or done), unity of
purpose.
agzybirlik n. peace (calm), unity.
n. friendship.
agzyny ayp seretmek v. to gape.
agzyny alartmak v. to divide, to cause
division, to sow discord.
agzysary adj. green, inexperienced.
ah n. moan.
ah ekmek v. to sigh, to moan.
ahal-teke n. a breed of Turkmen
horses.
n. a major divisions of the
Teke tribe.
ahbetin adv. after all, at least.
ahlak n. moral.
ahlaklylyk n. morals.
ahlaksyz adj. amoral, immoral.
ahlaky adj. moral, ethical.
ahmal adv. probably, possibly.
ahmyr n. regret.
ahmyr etmek v. to regret, to grieve.
ahun n. akhun. Ref: a Muslim elder
and teacher, particularly a
legal scholar.
ah-wah n. moan.
ahwalat n. event, circumstance, situa-
tion, condition.
n. adverb.
gram. adverbial modifier.
ahyr adv. finally. EX: Ahyr biz
iimizi gutardyk. Finally
we finished our work.
ahyr n. pen, enclosure, shed.
ahyr n. end. EX: u filmi ahyry
gyzykly. The end of the
film is interesting.
ahyr n. trough.
ahyr (nowa) n. manger.
ahyret n. the afterlife, the next world.
ahyrky n. the last, the final.
ahyrky maksat adj. ideal.
ahyrsoy adv. at last, in the end, finally.
ahyry adv. after all, at least. EX:
Ben, sen dn gelmedi
ahyry. Ben, yesterday you
didnt come after all.
ahyryn adv. after all, indeed.
ahyrynda adv. finally, at least.
ahyrzaman n. Doom's day, end of the
world, apocalypse.
AIW n. HIV.
ajal n. death, end of life.
ajamak v. to make sour, to make
bitter.
v. to ferment.
v. to spoil [spoiled/spoilt,
spoiled/spoilt] (i.e. food).
ajan hamyr n. sourdough.
ajap adj. amazing, fine.
adj. attractive.
ajayp n. miracle.
adj. attractive, fine, beautiful,
marvelous, magnificent, re-
markable, pretty (attractive),
wonderful, terrific, luxurious.
ajayp eser n. literary masterpiece.
ajayp zat n. miracle.
ajze adv. on an empty stomach.
EX: Ajze sogany ime!
Dont eat an onion on an
empty stomach!
ajy adj. hot (spicy), spicy, bitter,
strong (of a flavor). EX: Ajy
a. Strong tea. Ajy orba.
Spicy soup. Ajy bur. Hot
pepper.
adj. very moving, sad,
poignant.
ajy habar n. sad/bad news.
ajyga n. Ajyga. Ref: a spicy salad.
ajykmak v. to be hungry.
adarha n. dragon, serpent.
ak n. innocent.
adj. white.
ak altyn id. cotton. Ref: lit: white gold.
ak gwnli adj. straightforward, honest,
frank, sincere.
ak pata bermek v. to give a blessing. Ref:
especially from a teacher to
a student.
ak pata n. blessing.
ak patya n. tsar.
ak yol id. pleasant journey, good
luck. Ref: lit: white path.
ak yrek adj. sincere, wholehearted.
ak rekden adv. wholeheartedly.
ak rekli adj. straightforward, honest,
frank, sincere, good-hearted.
ak zli adj. pale (for a person).
akaba n. riverbed, channel.
akademik (r) n. academician
akademia bolmi n. academic department.
akademia(r) n. academy.
akan-dken n. disorder, chaos.
akar n. stream, flow.
akar suw n. running water.
akba n. Ref: species of small flow-
ering plant.
akdyrmak v. to flow (to cause ), to
shed (tears, blood, etc).
akga(L) n. older brother.
akgwnli adj. unselfish.
akkumulator(r) n. car battery. EX: Mayny
akkumulatory kpdir.
The car battery has gone flat.
aklama n. purge.
aklamak v. to advocate, plead for.
v. to find someone innocent,
to prove someone innocent.
v. vindicate, justify, acquit.
EX: Men kitap ogur-
ladym. So men zmi
akladym. Men kitaby gyz
jigime gerekligi in
ogurladym didim. I stole
a book. Then I justified my-
agzybirlik aklamak
Turkmen English 5
self. I said, I stole the book
because my little sister
needed it.
v. to whiten, to paint white.
aklanan adj. acquitted.
aklanma n. acquittal.
aklanmak v. to acquit.
aklawy n. lawyer, defense attorney.
aklyk n. payment, offering (given
to a healer for services).
akmak adj. stupid, foolish, dumb.
n. fool, idiot.
akmak (suw) v. to flow, to run [ran, run].
akmaklyk n. rubbish.
n. stupidity, foolishness.
akmayz adj. inexperienced.
Akmaan oly n. Milky Way (the ).
ak n. yurt.
akr n. acre.
aksakal n. elderly man.
n. white-bearded.
aksakallary n. village elders.
aksent(r) n. accent.
aksioma n. axiom.
aksialar we palar n. stocks and shares.
aktiw adv. hard.
aktor(r) n. actor.
akula n. shark.
akuerka(r) n. midwife, obstetrician.
akwarel(r) n. watercolor.
akyl n. intellect, mind, mental, wit.
akyl bermek v. to counsel (give good ).
akyl kesmek v. to understand (to be able
), to comprehend, to see,
to realize.
akyla gelmek v. to occur to one.
akyla sygdyrmazlyk id. to be inconceivable. (i.e. a
concept)
akyldan azamak id. to be out of one's mind, to
go crazy, to lose ones mind.
akyldar n. wise man, thinker, intel-
lectual.
akylly adj. smart, intelligent, clever,
prudent, reasonable.
akylly-baly adj. reasonable, sensible.
akyllylyk n. intelligence, cleverness.
akylsyz adj. unwise, unreasonable,
stupid, foolish.
akylsyzlyk n. insanity.
n. stupidity, foolishness.
akyly atmak v. to understand (to be able
something).
akyly goalymak v. to mature, to grow up.
akylyny itiren adam n. lunatic.
akym n. flow, current ( i.e. of a river).
n. trend (i.e. in fashion).
akyp-ukup n. junk, stuff.
akytmak v. to pour on.
v. to pour water for some-
one else, to wash with.
akagyz adj. of fair complexion.
akreklilik n. warmth.
al adj. scarlet, pink, red.
n. demon, jin.
al aak n. rosy cheeks.
al-arwah n. ghost, spirits.
ala adj. patterned (of two alter-
nating colors).
ala-beder adj. multi-colored.
ala-ble adv. only. EX: Nme in
ala-ble meni goyp get-
dirsiiz? Why do you
leave only me behind?
alabahar n. early spring.
ala n. way out, remedy over.
ala n. solution, outcome.
alasyz adj. inescapable, hopeless (of
a situation).
alada n. trouble (worry), care
(trouble), anxiety, worry.
alada etmek v. to worry, to take [took,
taken] care of. EX: Men
gyz jigimi alada edrin. I
take care of my little sister.
alada etmeksizlik v. to not worry. EX: Alada
etm! Dont worry!
alada galmak v. to puzzle over.
aladayl adj. careful.
aladalanmak v. to patronize.
v. to be worried, to be con-
cerned.
aladaly adj. troubled, preoccupied.
aladanmak v. to take care of.
aladadan n. in the pre-dawn.
aladasyz adj. carefree, unworried.
alagaraky n. twilight.
alahekik n. magpie.
alahwren n. viper, adder, grey and
white snake.
alaja n. amulet, talisman. Ref: used
to ward off the evil eye.
alajagzen n. polecat (skunk).
alajy adj. way of doing something.
EX: Biz bu ii baga bir
alajyny tapmaly. We must
find another way of doing
this work.
alaka n. woodchuck, gopher.
ala-mula adj. spotted, multicolored,
partially colored, motley,
speckled.
alaman n. raid (quick attack on an
enemy to do damage or to
get trophy).
alamany n. raider.
alamat n. proof.
n. trait.
n. road sign, sign, mark.
alan-aldy id. first come, first served.
ala n. hill (a low ).
alarylmak v. to glare.
alasarmyk adj. confusing, ambiguous.
alaw n. flame.
alaaz adj. joyful, merry.
albom(r) n. album.
ala n. cherry plum.
alak adj. cordial, affable, outgo-
ing, sociable.
aklanan alak
Turkmen English 6
adj. open-minded.
aldamak v. to lie, to deceive, to fool.
aldanmak v. to be deceived, to be misled.
aldaw n. fraud, trickery, deception, lie.
aldawy n. cheater, rascal, deceiver,
liar, knave, rogue.
aldygyna adv. ones best, to the best of
ones ability. EX: Men buni
aldygyny etdim. I tried my
best to do this.
aldym-berdimli adj. hard fought.
adv. & id. back-and-forth
(i.e. fight). EX: Aldym-
berdimli swe. A back-
and-forth battle.
n. give-and-take.
aldyrmak v. to lose ( something as a
result of theft).
algebra(r) n. algebra.
algy n. debt, liability, owing
something (i.e. money), a
loan that is taken.
algydar n. creditor, lender.
algyly n. creditor.
aljyramak v. to be insecure, to be un-
easy, to be nervous.
aljyramak v. to be confused.
aljyray adj. alarmed, nervous, absent
-minded.
aljyrayklyk n. confusion, puzzlement.
aljyratmak v. to make someone
nervous, to make someone
concerned, to make
someone anxious.
v. to perplex.
v. to be overwhelmed.
alka n. drunk, alcoholic.
alkogol(r) n. alcohol.
alkogolsyz igi n. soft drink.
alkym adv. close.
n. chin.
alkymynda prep. close to. EX: Aty
alkymyna dykylyp barma!
Dont go close to the horse!
alky n. thanks, gratitude.
alky okamak v. to express one's gratitude.
Alla n. Allah, God.
Alla alkasyn! intj. God bless!
Allajan intj. Oh my God!
allanme adj. wonderful, perfect.
allasyz n. atheist.
Allatagala n. God the exalted.
allea(r) n. alley.
alma n. apple.
almak v. to take [took, taken], to
accept (i.e. a gift).
v. to get [got, gotten/got], to
receive, to obtain.
almak v. to yank.
alma ortasy n. core (as from an apple).
almaz n. diamond.
almyt n. repulse, rebuff.
alasamak v. to hurry, to be in a hurry.
altmy num. sixty.
alty num. six.
altyn n. gold.
altyn (gara ) n. & id. oil, black gold.
altyn (mawy ) n. natural gas.
altyn asyr n. golden age (the ).
altynjygn n. Saturday.
alyhezret id. his/her highness.
alyjenap n. majesty.
alyjy n. receiver.
n. customer, buyer.
alyk n. earmark. Ref: a notch
taken from the ear of an
animal for the purpose of
identification.
alykly adj. earmarked
alym n. scholar, learned person.
n. scientist.
aylmlyk n. scientific.
alymlyk tejribe n. scientific experiment.
alymsak n. Ref: one who cannot stop
taking bribes, bribe-taker.
alyn adj. front, front side of. EX:
Seni alyn dii agyrarmy?
Do your front teeth hurt?
n. forehead.
alyn di n. front teeth, incisors.
alynday n. headband.
alynma n. borrowing.
alyp barmak v. to accompany, to lead.
v. to take with.
alyp bolan adj. available.
alyp gamak v. to kidnap.
alyp gelmek v. to bring [brought, brought].
alyp-olup adj. agile.
alys adj. distant, far.
aly-aly etmek v. to trade. EX: Biz siz bi-
len nme aly-aly edip
bileris? What can we trade
with you?
aly-aly n. Exchange, trade
(commerce), commerce, buy
and sell.
alymak v. to exchange. EX: Biz
zara pikir alydyk. We
exchanged ideas. EX: Biz
kitaplar alydyk. We
exchanged books.
alumini n. aluminum.
amal n. method, way, means,
measure.
n. equation.
amal etmek v. to carry out.
amala ayrmak v. to implement, to realize
(to make real).EX: Biz
meilnamamyzy amala
ayrdyk. We implemented
our plan.
amaly adj. practical, applied.
aman adj. safe, unharmed.
amanadyny tabyrmak v. to pass away.
amanat adj. borrowed.
n. savings. EX: Amanat
kassa. Savings bank.
aman-esen adv. safely, happily.
aldamak aman-esen
Turkmen English 7
aman-esenlik n. safety, happiness.
aman-sag adv. safely.
id. safe and sound.
amat adj. practical, applied.
amatly adj. comfortable, convenient,
suitable, appropriate, advan-
tageous. EX: Sen amatly
wagty in garamaly,
sora adyp bila. You
must wait for the appropriate
time, then you may speak.
amatly agda n. opportunity.
amatsyz adj. crude, primitive.
adj. uncomfortable, incon-
venient.
ambar n. storehouse.
ambulatory nsag n. outpatient.
Amerikany Birleyn n. United States of America
tatlary (The).
ammar n. storehouse.
ana adv. there, here.
analiz n. analysis.
ananas n. pineapple.
anaa n. hemp.
Anglia n. England.
anha intj. There! EX: Anha ol
geldi! There! He has come!
anna gn n. Friday.
anonim(r) adj. anonymous.
ant n. oath, pledge.
ant iirmek v. to administer an oath, to
swear in (others).
ant imek v. to swear [swore, sworn],
to take an oath. EX: Ol
watana ak rekden gul-
luk etjekdigine ant idi.
He swore he would serve
the motherland honestly.
anygyna etmek v. to make sure, to clarify.
anyk adj. definite, obvious, clear,
visible, neat. EX: Men bu
soragy anyk jogabyny
bilmerin. I do not know
the clear answer to this
question.
anyk berk adj. exact.
anyk dl adj. obscure.
anyk etmek v. to make clear.
anyklama n. recognition.
anyklamak v. to clarify, to define.
a n. mind, consciousness.
a yitirmek v. to be not in one's right mind.
aalmak (a almak) v. to wonder, to be
surprised, to gape.
a-bilim adj. educational.
n. education, knowledge.
ak bolmak v. to be amazed, to be
astonished.
ak etmek v. to astonish, to amaze.
aka amak v. to lose control of, lose
one's head.
akamak v. to stink [stank/stunk], to
smell bad.
akarmak v. to stare, to look (at one
thing in a sustained manner).
akaw adj. mad crazy, stinker.
ak-tak bolmak v. to be surprised, to lose
ones head, to not know what
to do. EX: Haan-da tala-
ylar ne girenlerinde,
Jason ak-tak boldy.
When the robbers came to
his house, Jason did not
know what to do. OR When
the robbers came to his
house, Jason lost his head.
alamak v. to realize, to understand,
alatma (durnukly ) n. expression (fixed ).
alatma n. expression, phrase.
alatmak v. to signify, to mean [meant,
meant].
aly adj. realistic.
adj. smart.
adj. sober.
amak v. to realize (to become
aware of), to understand, to
observe.
aal n. large scythe.
aat n. sandhills, dune of sands, etc.
ayrmak v. to yell, to bray (like a
donkey).
arujy n. at the slightest possibility.
ary adv. more than.
n. other side, opposite side,
reverse side, back.
aryba adj. excellent, perfect, the best.
ary-bri id. all sorts of things, this
and that.
aryk adv. backwards,toward the
rear. EX: Aryk seret!
Look backwards! OR Look
behind you!
adv. over there, there. EX:
Aryk ge! Move over
there!
arysynda prep. far side, opposite side.
EX: Gapy jay ary-
synda. The door is on the
opposite side of the house.
prep. opposite. EX: Kii
ulyny arysynda. Small is
the opposite of big.
asat adj. easy, simple.
asatladyrmak v. to make something easier.
asatlyk n. simplicity.
asyz adj. dim-witted, naive, clue-
less, unconscious, unaware.
ayrmak v. to understand [understood,
understood], to perceive.
v. to suspect, to find out.
EX: Ony eden iini hi
kim ayrmady. Nobody
suspected what he did. OR
Nobody found out what he
did.
atamak v. to search, seek [sought, sought].
ayrda adv. there, yonder, over
there. EX: Dkan ayrda.
aman-esenlik ayrda
Turkmen English 8
The store is over there.
ayrsy grinn adj. clear, transparent.
ayrsyna ykmak v. to finish, to complete. EX:
Men u kitaby ayrsyna
ydym. I finished the book.
azak n. cold snap, cold weather.
ap-ak id. the whitest.
aparmak (d) v. to take away.
aparmak v. to catch (i.e. an animal).
EX: Awy kepderini
apardy. The hunter caught
the pigeon.
v. to take away. EX: Kimdir
biri agany ounjagyny
aparypdyr. Someone took
away the childrens toy.
apat n. disaster.
apbasy n. coin.
apelsin(r) n. orange.
apparat(r) n. apparatus.
Aprel n. April.
apteka(r) n. pharmacy.
apy-tupan n. gale, storm (strong storm).
ar n. revenge, vengeance.
ar almak v. to take revenge (on).
ar namys n. honor, dignity.
ara n. relations.
n. restriction.
n. scar.
n. space (i.e. between two
things).
ara-alyp maslahatlamak v. to discuss, to debate.
ara dalygy ne? qmrk. how far.
ara dmek v. to interfere.
araba n. wagon (animal driven),
cart, vehicle.
arabaglanyyk n. relationship, link, connec-
tion.
arabake n. driver, carter.
arabozar n. troublemaker.
arak n. border (lit. and fig.),
boundary (lit. and fig.).
adj. bordering (sharing a
border).
araki n. border-guard, frontier-
guard.
aray n. intermediary, messenger.
n. mediator.
arada adv. not long ago, recently,
the other day.
adv. between. EX: Bizi
imiz bilen arada bir ja
bar. Between our houses
there is one house.
adv. recently. EX: Arada
ejem ja etdi. My mother
called recently.
aradan ykan adj. deceased.
aradan ykmak v. to die, to pass away.
aradan adv. since that time. EX:
Aradan az wagt geenso
olar yzyna dolandylar. A
little time after coming, they
went back.
aradalyk n. space (i.e. between two
things), distance (between
two things). EX: Mary bilen
Agabady aradalygy
nhili? What is the distance
between Ashgabat and Mary?
aragatnayk n. communication, link.
aragatnaygy bozulmagy v. to break up (i.e. a relation-
ship).
aragezer n. gossip (the person), tattle-
tale.
arahis n. peanut.
arak n. vodka.
arakesme n. pause (break).
n. respite.
n. break, intermission.
arakke n. alcoholic, drunk,
drunkard.
aralamak v. to mediate (i.e. an argu-
ment).
v. to separate.
aralamak v. to enter, to penetrate.
v. to pierce.
aralmak v. to revenge.
aralygynda prep. between. EX: Sagat
alty-yedi aralygynda biz
herde duuarys. We will
meet in the city between six
and seven oclock. EX:
Olary aralygynda nme
dnimezlik bar? What
is the misunderstanding
between them? Our tapjan is
in the space between the
garage and our house.
aralyk adj. average, middle.
n. Ref: see aradalyk.
aram adj. moderate (i.e. tempera-
ture), temperate. EX: u
rd howasy aram. This
countrys weather is temper-
ate.
aramak v. to be concerned, to be
troubled.
aram-aram adv. sometimes.
aran n. anchor.
arany amak v. to break with, to sever
relations with.
arany bozmak v. to uproot (fig.).
arany dalygy n. remoteness.
arap dili n. Arabic.
arap n. Arab.
arassa adj. clean.
adj. pure.
id. scrupulous.
arassa suw n. water (clean ).
arassaylyk n. cleaniness, hygiene.
n. purity.
arassalama n. sanitation.
n. purge.
n. restoration.
arassalamak v. to clean, to purify.
arassalamak v. to peel.
arassalanmak v. to be cleaned, to be purified.
ayrsy grinn arassalanmak
Turkmen English 9
arassalajy n. cleaner, purifier.
arassalyk n. integrity.
arasy saz bolmak v. to be on good terms with.
arasy zln adj. intermittent.
arasyna salmak v. to insert.
arasynda prep. between.
aratapawut n. mutual distinctions,
distinctive features,
differential features.
ara n. juniper.
aryn n. mayor, village mayor.
ardynmak v. to clear one's throat.
arena(r) n. arena.
arenda bermek v. to lease, to rent.
arga n. weft (in weaving), woof
(in weaving).
argyn adj. tired, exhausted, weary.
argynlyk n. weariness, exhaustion,
fatigue, tiredness.
arheolog(r) n. archeologist.
arheologia n. archiology
arhitektor(r) n. architect.
arhitektura(r) n. architecture.
arhiw(r) n. archive.
arka n. ancestors.
n. back (of the body, of a
page).
n. generation.
arkadag n. Ref. see arkadaan.
arkadaan n. backer, defender, sup-
porter.
arkadurmak v. to protect.
v. to patronize.
arka durmaklyk n. protection.
arka tutujy adam n. protector.
arkalamak v. to assist, to give a hand to.
arkalayk n. cooperation.
arkaly id. helped by someone,
owing to.
arkan adj. lying on one's back, face
upwards, supine.
arkasy garamtyl n. viper.
zherli ylan
arkasynda adv. behind.
arkasyny almak v. to support, to back up, to
aid.
arkasyz adj. person with no support.
arkayn bolmak v. to rely on, to count on. EX:
Men u kitaby Sam azyar
diip arkayn bolaryn. I
am relying on Sam to write
this book with me.
v. to not worry. EX:
Arkayn bol! Dont worry!
arkayn adj. calm, peaceful, without
worry.
arkaynlamak v. to quiet, to calm down.
v. to relax.
arlama n. roar.
arlamak v. to roar.
arlap gygyrmak v. to roar.
arlyk n. swaddling clothes.
armak v. to get tired.
armaklyk n. fatigue, exhaustion.
arman conj. unfortunately, but un-
fortunately. EX: Men teatra
gitjekdim, arman agy
agdy. I was going to go to
the theater, unfortunately it
rained.
arman-adaman adv. unremittingly, tirelessly.
armia(r) n. army, military.
armyt n. pear.
ar-namys n. honor (integrity), integrity.
arpa n. barley.
arryk adj. thin (i.e. people or
animals).
adj. barren (i.e. of land).
adj. scrawny, thin.
arryklamak v. to become barren.
v. to lose weight.
v. to make thin/skinny ().
arslan n. lion.
arslan urek id. brave. Ref: lit: lion-
hearted.
n. courageous.
ar n. Seventh Heaven (the).
ara ykarmak n. to make known, to
proclaim.
art n. back, rear.
artdyrma n. addition.
artdyrmak v. to elevate.
v. to increase (i.e. quantity or
quality),
v. to add.
artdyrylmak v. to be elevated, to be in-
creased.
arteria n. artery.
artilleria n. artillery.
artist(r) n. artist, actor.
artmak v. to increase, to multiply, to
exceed.
v. to remain, to be left behind.
v. to clear away. EX: Her
gn ol sygyr atagy artar.
Each day he clears away the
cow manure.
v. to be left over. EX: Ag-
amlyk nahar in imit
alanymdan so mende
10,000 manat artdy. After
buying food for dinner I had
10,000 manat left over.
v. to peel. EX: Kartoka
arty. Please peel the potato.
artygy bilen erine v. to overfill.
etirmek
artyk adj. extra, excess, overpro-
duction.
artyklyk n. quality.
artykma adj. extra.
adj. unnecessary.
n. excess.
n. extremely good, perfect.
artykmalyk n. advantage, superiority.
n. preference.
artyp galan id. the hell with it.
arwah n. evil spirit, ghost, devil.
arassalajy arwah
Turkmen English 10
arwana n. (pure-bred female) camel.
ary n. bee, wasp.
ary bal n. honey.
arz n. petition, statement.
n. complaint
arz etmek v. to complain.
arza n. application, official re-
quest, petition, statement.
EX: Eger sen ilemek
islese, arza yazmaly. If
you want to work you must
fill out an application.
n. complaint (written ).
arzay n. applicant, petitioner,
supplicant.
n. plaintiff.
arzyly adj. respected, beloved, dear,
long wished for.
arzan adj. cheap, inexpensive.
arzan myhmanhana n. hostel.
arzanlamak v. to fall in price, to become
inexpensive.
arzanlatma n. discount.
arzanlatmak v. to discount, to cheapen, to
lower the price of.
arzuw n. wish, dream.
arzuw etmek v. to wish, to dream
[dreamed/dreamt].
arzuwa etmek v. to have one's dream come
true.
arzuw edijilik n. romance.
arzylamak v. to treat dearly.
as n. lizard.
asfalt(r) n. asphalt.
asfaltlamak v. to asphalt, to pave.
asgy n. hanging peg, clothes pin.
asgyn adj. weak (of a person, lit.
and fig.).
asgynlamak v. to weaken.
asgynlyk adj. weakness (of a person,
lit. and fig.).
asgyrmak v. to sneeze.
asgyrtmak v. to make someone sneeze.
askarida gurugy mt. roundworm.
asla adv. absolutely, totally,
utterly, never.
adv. indeed. EX: Asla, ol
de dl. Indeed, he is not
home.
asly n. origin. EX: Meni kaka-
my asly Trkmen. My
fathers origin is Turkmen.
n. source (i.e. of a river).
aslynda adv. originally, in fact.
adv. generally.
aslyet n. see asyl, origin, beginning.
asma n. hanging, suspension.
n. pendant.
asma gulp n. padlock.
asmak v. to hang [hung, hung], hang
up. EX: Men egin-eiklerimi
garakda asdym. I hung up
my clothes on the hook.
asman n. sky, heaven.
aspirant(r) n. graduate student, student
(graduate student).
assa adj. slow, quiet, calm.
assortiment(r) n. assortment, selection.
assosiasia(r) n. association.
assyryn adv. secretly. EX: Eger rug-
sat yok bolsa, sen assyryn
hereket etmeli. If you do
not have permission, you
must act secretly.
assyrynlyk n. secretiveness. EX: Ol
assyrynlyk bilen gayp
gitdi. He went away in se-
cret. lit: He went away with
secretiveness.
ast n. bottom, base, lower part.
asuda adj. tranquil, peaceful, calm
(of a place).
adv. quietly.
asudalyk adj. quiet (peaceful).
n. peace (calm), tranquility.
asyl n. original, first, earliest.
n. true, genuine, authentic.
n. origin, lineage. Ref: see
example at asly.
asyl nusga adj. original.
asylgy adj. hanging, suspended.
asylgy n. hanger.
n. peg.
asyllar n. ancestors.
asylly adj. polite considerate,
obliging.
asylly adj. noble (well brought-up).
asyllylyk n. moral, good behavior.
asylmak v. to be hung up.
asylzada n. noble, nobleman.
asyr n. century, age, era.
asyrlyk n. century long.
a n. food.
n. porridge.
a bermek v. to give a feast in honor of
a deceased relative.
a salamak v. to be on an antenatal
(prenatal) diet, to be picky
about food, to crave.
aa dmek v. to overeat.
v. to be sick of something.
EX: Men gawundan aa
ddim. I am sick of melon.
aa adv. extremely, very. EX: Ol
ilisni aa alt wrendi.
He learned English ex-
tremely quickly.
adv. a lot more. EX: Bu
mayn meni maynymdan
aa gymmat. That car is a lot
more expensive than my car.
aagy n. bottom.
aagynda prep. underneath, under.
aagyny yzmak v. to underline.
aak adj. low.
adv. underneath.
adv. down.
n. bottom.
arwana aak
Turkmen English 11
prep. below, under.
aak gacmak v. to come down.
aak gomak v. to lay (objects).
aakda adv. underneath.
aaklamak v. to decrease, to lower, to
reduce, to drop.
aaky n. lower, ground/first floor.
adj. next one down, one
lower. EX: Ol bizden aaky
gatda aaar. He lives on
the next floor down from us.
aaky n. jaw.
aaryk adv. down.
agar n. lye.
agarlyk-turulygy mt. pH.
derejesi
agazan turusy n. gastric acid.
agazan arasy (azwa) n. gastric ulcer.
agazan n. stomach.
agazana degili adj. gastric.
agazanasty mzi mt. pancreas gland.
agazan-iege gan n. gastrointestinal bleeding.
akmasy
agazan-iege oly n. gastrointestinal tract.
agazany kesip ayrmak n. gestrectomy.
agr adj. obvious, revealed, well
known.
ahana n. cafeteria.
n. kitchen.
amak v. to cross over (i.e. a river, a
street), to cross into (i.e. a
region), to surpass,
to climb over.
ana n. friend.
apez n. cook.
aygy aly gopmak v. to perform well. Ref: lit: to
be lucky at the the game of
ashik. EX: Synagda seni
aygy aly gopdy. You
performed excellently on the
exam.
ayk [a:yk] n. lover.
n. beloved.
n. animal knee bones (used
in childrens game like dice.
ayk bolmak v. to fall in love.
v. to woo.
ayk-maguk n. lover.
at [a:t] n. name.
n. noun.
n. title, heading.
at [at] n. horse.
n. knight (in chess).
at bermek v. to confer a title upon.
at alyma n. pronoun (i.e. you, we, they).
at alymasy n. personal pronoun.
at apmak v. to ride (a horse).
at apyyk n. horse race.
at gazanan adj. honored, merited. Ref:
lit: having earned a name.
at gazanmak v. to become famous.
at gomak v. to name, to bestow a name.
at atak n. stable (i.e. for horses).
ata mnmek n. horse riding.
ata n. grandfather, father.
ata-babalar n. ancestors.
atabir-enebir adj. having the same parents.
ata-ene n. grandparents.
ata-eneler n. parents.
atagzy n. pincers.
n. pliers. Ref: lit: horses
mouth.
atalar szi n. proverbs, words of
wisdom.
n. saying.
atalyk adj. paternal.
n. fatherly, paternal;
stepfather.
atanak n. cross.
atanak ekmek v. to deny.
v. to cross out. EX: Ol
sanawnamada meni
adyma atanak ekdi. He
crossed my name off the list.
atanaklayn adj. crosswise, crosslike.
atanlykda adv. accidentally, suddenly,
unexpectedly, by chance.
atanlyk adv. see atanlykda.
atarmak v. to start to cook.
atasyny ady n. patronymic name.
ata-watan n. fatherland.
atary n. phalange.
atbakak n. stableman.
atbakar n. groom.
atapar n. jockey.
atylyk n. horse-breeding.
atda n. namesake.
n. Ref: name-mate (two peo-
ple having the same name).
atgulak n. Ref: a pair of wedding
scarves. Ref: a type of grass
(so named because the grass
looks like horse ears).
atlandyrmak v. to name.
atlanmak v. to mount a horse.
atlas(r) n. atlas.
atlama n. nominalization.
atlaz(r) n. satin.
atly adj. famous, well known. Ref:
lit: named.
adj. individual, personal.
adj. mounted.
n. horseman, rider (on a
horse), cavalry.
atly-abraly adj. reputable.
atly remek v. to ride (on a horse).
atma-at adv. by name.
atma-at barlama n. roll call.
atmak v. to fling.
v. to d rop (i.e. an object).
v. to shoot (i.e. a gun) [shot].
v. to throw over, to cover.
atmaklyk n. shooting.
atmosfera(r) n. atmosphere.
atom(r) n. atom.
atom bombasy n. nuclear bomb, atom bomb.
atom energiasy n. nuclear power.
atom reaktory n. nuclear reactor.
aak gacmak atom reaktory
Turkmen English 12
at-owaza n. prestige.
atsyz adj. anonymous.
n. unnamed, untitled.
attae n. attach (in diplomacy).
atuw n. death-sentence.
atyjy n. rifleman, shooter.
atym n. pinch.
n. Ref: a finger full (about a
tablespoon).
atyr n. perfume, cologne.
aty n. shot.
atyhana n. shooting range.
atyyk n. skirmish.
atyz n. garden-bed.
n. row (i.e. a crop). EX:
Meni mellegimde,
atyz pomidor bar. In my
garden there are three rows
of tomatoes.
atalman n. jerboa (long-legged rodent
that lives in the desert).
at-arag n. military equipment.
auditoria(r) n. audience.
n. auditorium.
aw tpei n. shotgun.
aw n. plunder.
n. prey.
n. hunting.
awamak n. to hurt.
v. to be in great pain.
awangard(r) n. vanguard.
awaria(r) n. accident. EX: Ol
maynda awaria boldy.
He was in a car accident.
awatmak v. to hurt [hurt, hurt].
awy n. hunter.
Awgust(r) n. August.
awlamak v. to hunt.
awtobus(r) n. bus.
awtobus duralgasy n. bus stop.
awtomat(r) n. automatic rifle, machine
gun.
n. pay phone.
n. vending machine.
awtor(r) n. author.
awulamak v. to poison. EX: Men
orbany awuladym. I poi-
soned the soup.
awuly adj. poisonous.
awuamak v. to burn in pain.
awy n. poison.
awyly szler id. nasty words. Ref: lit: poi-
sonous words.
awiasia(r) n. aviation.
a n. month.
n. moon.
aa n. palm (hand).
aaga galmak v. to rise up (lit. and fig.)
[rose, risen].
aaga galmak v. to arouse, to stir up (i.e. a
crowd).
v. to recover (from an illness),
to get better. EX: Men ke-
selledim, sora men aaga
galdym. I was ill, then I got
better.
aagu n. foot (i.e. of a mountain),
end (i.e. of a field). EX:
Dagy agagujy. The foot
of the mountain. EX: Mey-
dayn aagujy. The end of
the field.
aagy aagynda bolmak v. to be in the way. Ref: lit: to
be underfoot.
aagy barmagy n. toe.
aagy dyrnagy n. toe nail.
aak adj. end of something. EX:
Ay aagy. End of the
month.
n. foot.
n. leg.
aak ekmek v. to relax.
aak alaa adj. barefoot.
aak alaa remek v. to paddle (barefoot).
aaky n. mosquito.
aakgap n. footwear, shoe.
aaklamak v. to end. EX: anwar ay
hem aaklady. The month
of January has also ended.
aakly adj. fast, fleet-footed.
aal (igi) geimi n. petticoat.
aal n. wife.
n. woman.
aal lukmany n. gynecologist, obstetrician.
aal magala n. females (women and girls).
aal patya n. queen.
aal-gyz n. females (women and
girls).
aallar dellegi n. hairdresser.
aallar n. women.
aamak v. to save. EX: Sen kita-
plaryy aap sakla! Keep
your books safe!
v. to take care of. EX: Olar
zkerini aamadylar. They
did not take care of them-
selves.
aan adj. obvious, clear.
aat okamak v. to pray (after someone's
death).
aat n. requiem;
n. service for the dead.
aat n. Ref: verse (in the Quran).
aawly adj. thrifty, careful.
Aaz Baba n. Santa Claus.
aaz n. cold snap, cold weather.
aba-a n. monthly.
abay n. menstruation.
abogda adj. Ref: cross-legged, Indian
style.
abogda gurmak v. to sit crossed legged
(indian style). EX: Abog-
daymyzy gurup
oturarys. We are sitting
Indian style.
adylmak v. to be pronounced, to be
said. EX: Bu sz nhili
adylar? How is this word
at-owaza adylmak
Turkmen English 13
pronounced?
adyly n. accent.
n. pronunciation.
adym n. song.
adym albomy n. musical album.
adym adyma id. singing competition.
adym atmak v. to sing [sang, sung].
adym szleri n. lyrics.
adymy n. singer.
ady adj. clear (i.e. the sky).
adj. obvious.
adyladyrmak v. to make clear, to explain.
adyp bermek v. to tell [told, told].
adymak v. to discuss.
agyr n. stallion.
agyt etmek v. to decide.
agyt n. decisiveness, courage.
agytly adj. determined, decisive.
alag n. circle.
n. gulf.
alamak v. to reel.
v. to rotate.
v. to turn (in a circle).
v. turn (change direction).
v. to take a walk, to stroll, to
travel around.
alanma n. revolution (rotation).
n. rotation.
alanmak v. to revolve.
v. Ref: see alamak.
alanyp rmek v. to wander.
ala-ayla etmek v. to browse through.
ala-ala etmek v. to walk around, to wander.
alap zymak v. to toss.
alaw adj. round.
n. round, series.
n. lap (i.e. in a race).
n. racetrack.
alawly basganak n. circular staircase.
alawly adj. winding, curvy, circular,
round. EX: Maryny oly
alawly. The road to Mary
is winding.
alyk adv. monthly.
n. salary, wage.
ama-a adv. every month.
amana n. fence.
ana n. glass (the material).
n. mirror.
n. window.
anadan adj. reflective.
anamak v. to flirt, to show off.
anatmak v. to pet (for people).
ap n. Ref: see ayp.
ara dmek v. Ref: see arylmak.
ara adj. different. EX: u haly
beliki halydan ara. This
carpet is different from
other carpets.
adj. separate. EX: Men
atam-enemden ara
otagda ataryn. I sleep in
a separate room from my
parents.
aralyk n. separation (especially of
loved ones).
aramak v. to sing (said of birds).
aratyn hem adj. especially.
aratyn adj. particular, specific,
peculiar, particularly, novel,
special, unique, separate.
adj. especially, particularly.
aratynlyk adj. particular (in particular).
adj. uniqueness, difference,
zest.
aratynlyk n. uniqueness, difference.
aroport(r) n. airport.
ary adj. Ref: see ara.
arybaga adv. separately
independently.
arylan adj. excluded.
arylmak v. to get out, to get away.
v. to die
v. to be separated. EX: Men
gyz doganymdan aryl-
mak islemerin. I dont
want to be separated from
my older sister.
arylmaz adj. inseparable.
arylyk adj. parting.
arylyma adj. parting.
n. divorce.
arylymak v. to divorce, to break up
(i.e. a relationship).
v. to be separated from.
n. separation.
arylyan adj. separated.
aryt n. fork (i.e. in a road), split
(i.e. in a road).
asberg(r) n. iceberg.
atamak v. to utter (~darkness).
atmak v. to pronounce.
v. to tell [told, told].
v. to sing [sang, sung].
v. s to peak [spoke, spoken],
to say [said, said].
awa(r) n. quince.
ay n. bear (the animal).
aylgan adj. awful, terrible, horrible.
aylganlyk n. horror, terror.
ayl-sayl etmek id. to understand clearly.
EX: Okuwy mugallymy
beren soraglaryny ayl-
sayl etdi. The student un-
derstood the teachers ques-
tions clearly.
ayl-sayl adj. neatly, legible. EX:
Hatyyzy ayl-sayl
azy. Write your handwrit-
ing neatly.
ayn bolmasa id. if worse comes to worse,
as a last resort.
ay aagy n. the end of the month.
ayp i n. shameful act.
n. offence, fault, guilt.
ayp szleri n. obscenities, bad language.
ayp adj. shameful. EX: Eger sen
garry adamlara salam ber-
adyly ayp
Turkmen English 14
mese, ayp bolar. If you
do not say, Hello, to the
elderly, it is a shameful thing.
ayplama n. accusation, charge,
indictment.
n. reproach.
ayplamak v. to accuse, to blame, to
condemn.
v. to convict (assign blame).
ayplajy n. accusatory.
ayply adj. guilty.
aypsyz adj. innocent, guiltless.
adj. pure.
aypsyzlyk n. innocence.
n. purity.
ayrgy gram. attribute.
ayrma n. removal.
n. withdrawal.
ayrmak belgisi n. minus sign.
ayrmak v. to repeal.
v. to uproot (fig.).
v. to remove, to withdraw, to
take away, to minus, to take
off, to subtract. EX: Sagady
stolu stnden ayr! Re-
move the clock from on top
of the table.
ayrmak (elini) v. to let go.
az adj. little (amount), few,
scanty, scarce.
azajyk garay! id. wait a moment!
azajyk adj. a little.
azal n. plough (in UK), plow(in
US).
azaldylmak v. to be reduced, to be
subtracted
azalmak v. to be reduced, to decrease.
azaltmak v. to reduce, to decrease, to
abridge.
azan [a:zan] n. bad person.
n. morning (Daoguz dialect).
n. Ref: the Muslim call to
prayer.
azany n. muezzin ( a man who calls
Muslims to prayer from the
minaret).
azanda iymek n. breakfast.
azap n. efforts.
n. tribulation, suffering, pain.
n. hard work.
azar n. pain, suffering.
n. trouble, annoyance.
azar bermek v. to jeopardize.
v. to annoy.
v. to bother. Ref: lit: to give
trouble.
azara galmak v. to take trouble, to bother.
azara gomak v. to bother. Ref: lit: to put
trouble.
azamak v. to become lost.
azat bolan adj. liberated.
azat etmek v. to free (set ), to liberate.
azat adj. free, liberated.
azatlyk gazanmak v. to gain freedom.
azatlyk n. freedom, liberty.
az-azdan adv. little by little.
azdyrmak v. to empt, to spoil, to infect.
v. to ruin, to corrupt.
Azia n. Asia
Azialy adj. Asian, Asiatic.
azlyk bolup galmak v. to be in the minority.
azlyk n. minority.
n. shortage.
azm urmak v. to threaten.
azmak v. to become a decadent, to
leave the true path.
v. to get spoiled, to get
infected.
az-maz adj. a little bit.
azot turusy n. nitric acid.
azot n. nitrogen
azotly n. nitric
az-owlak adj. a little bit.
azrak adv. less.
azu-kp id. more or less.
azyjyk n. a bit.
azyk dukany n. grocery.
azyk n. provisions.
azyk nmler n. victuals.
azyk nmleri n. provision.
azyk normasy(r) n. ration.
azyndan adv. at least. EX:
Hemmeleri azyndan orta
bilimi bolmaly. Everyone
should have at least a
highschool education.
azyrganmak v. to respond aggressively.
ba intj. oh, well.
baba n. grandfather (mothers
father).
babada n. relative (distant ).
baba-mama n. grandparents.
babasyl n. piles, hemorrhoids.
babatda adj. concerning, regarding.
EX: Bu babatda bir zat
B b
ayplama babatda
Turkmen English 15
atjakmy? Will you say
something regarding this?
conj. from that, thats why.
babatynda adj. see babatda.
babuin mamyny n. baboon.
bada adv. immediately.
adv. initially, at first. EX:
Bada berlen jogap ndo-
gry. Initially the answer given
was not correct.
n. Ref: cup, mug (rare, used
when making toasts).
bada-bat adv. Immediately, initially.
badak n. backheel.
badam n. almond.
n. eggplant.
badam renk adj. purple.
badamjan n. eggplant.
badat n. sweet potato.
badyna adj. as soon as. EX: Dostum
mze gelen badyna, biz
here getdik. As soon as
my friend arrived at my
house we went to the city.
badyny almak v. to stop (to stop someone),
to interfere (to interfere
with), to interrupt. EX: Ha-
an-da biz futbol onap
balamyzda agan agy
bizi badymyzy aldy.
When we began to play the
rain interfered with our
game. OR When we began
to play the rain interrupted
our game.
badysaba n. morning breeze.
bag n. garden, park.
v. to string [strung, strung],
to lace (i.e. shoelace).
n. tree.
bag oturtmak v. to plant a tree.
baga bakmak v. fatten (i.e. a sheep, a cow).
baga(r) n. baggage, luggage.
n. trunk (of a car).
bagana n. Ref: Astrakhan (wool rug).
n. lambs skin with the wool
in tight curls.
bagban n. gardener.
bagbanylyk etmek n. to do gardening.
bagbanylyk n. gardening, hortiulture.
bagjyk n. shoelace, lace (i.e. at the
neck of a Turkmen dress),
shoe lace.
baglamak v. to pin.
v. to score (of a game).
v. to transfer.
v. to block, to dam.
v. to close.
v. to join, to connect.
v. to tie (i.e. a knot).
baglanmak v. to be tied, to be con-
nected.
baglanydyrmak v. to link.
baglanyyk n. coherence, cohesion.
n. connection, tie
(connection).
baglanyykly adj. coherent.
adj. united, connected,
linked, interrelated.
baglanyyksyz adj. incoherent; not con-
nected.
baglamak v. to conclude an agreement.
baglajy n. conjunction.
bagly adj. closed.
bagly adj. connected.
adj. dependent.
bagly bolmak v. to depend on. EX: Jason
gedeninden so suw tasla-
masyny amala amagy
Oriony ukybyna bagly
bolar. After Jason left it
happened that the water
project will depend on
Orions ability.
baglyk n. orchard, garden.
bagra basmak v. to hug, to embrace.
bagryndan-nen id. offspring, children. Ref:
lit: that which has grown
from ones liver.
bag etmek v. to dedicate, to devote; to
give, to offer.
bagy n. bard, singer.
bagt n. happiness.
n. luck.
bagtly adj. happy, lucky.
bagtsyz adj. unhappy, unlucky, un-
fortunate.
bagtsyzlyk n. misadventure, misfortune.
bagty ayk adj. lucky.
bagty atan adj. unfortunate, miserable,
ill-fated.
bagtyar adj. fortunate, prosperous,
happy.
bagjyk n. string.
bagyr imesi n. hepatitis.
bagyr n. heart and soul (fig.).
n. liver.
bagyrmak [ba:gyrmak] v. to bellow (i.e. a camel).
bagy etmek v. Ref: see bagylamak.
bagylama n. pardon.
n.dedication.
n. gift.
n. justification, excuse.
bagylamak v. to pardon.
v. to dedicate. EX: Meni
kakam mrni mugal-
lymylyk krine bagy-
lady. My father dedicated
his life to teaching.
v. to forgive [forgave, for-
given], to excuse.
v. to give (as a gift).
bagylanmak v. to given (to be given as a
gift). EX: Bu sjiler Jey-
sona bagylandy. These
candies were given to Jason.
bagyla intj. excuse me.
baha bermek v. to evaluate.
babatynda baha bermek
Turkmen English 16
baha adj. price, value, worth.
n. price.
n. grade (mark). EX: Mek-
depde Arslan die blik
bahalary alar. Arslan gets
only five marks in school.
n. price, value.
n. mark (school grading).
baha kesmek v. to state the price of.
bahayl n. Ref: one who sells his
goods at a high price.
bahalamak v. to estimate, to assess.
bahalamak v. to price, to assign a price.
bahalandyrmak v. to rate (i.e. tax for land in
U.K.).
bahalamak v. to haggle, to bargain.
bahana n. excuse.
bahanalamak v. to find an excuse, to use
as an excuse. EX: Men
regi bahanalap bazara
gitdim. I used bread as an
excuse to go to the bazaar.
bahar n. spring.
n. Ref: literary word spring
(the season).
bahasyna etip bolmaan adj. invaluable.
bahasyz adj. precious, dear.
adj. priceless.
bahyl adj. envious, jealous.
adj. greedy, stingy.
bahyllyk n. envy, jealousy.
n. greed, stinginess.
bahym adv. soon.
baja n. brother-in-law (wifes
sisters husband).
bajy n. sister
n. Ref: husbands sister-in-
law
bajyk n. lace (i.e. shoe lace), string.
bak(r) n. tank (i.e. for gas). EX:
Benzin baky. Gas tank.
baka prep. toward.
bakal(r) n. mug, wine glass.
bakalea(r) n. grocery store, supermar-
ket.
bakaly intj. cmon.
bakja n. kindergarten.
n. vegetable garden.
bakmak (bir agza ) id. to act as one.
bakmak v. to graze (animals).
v. to look after (i.e. animals), to
pasture. EX: azda biz go-
unymyzy dagda bak-arys.
In the spring we pasture the
sheep in the mountains. EX:
Tomusda men kakam bilen
goun bakaryn. In the sum-
mer I look after the sheep with
my father.
v. to look upon, to look at.
EX: Men okuwylaryma
mhir bilen bakaryn. I
look upon my students with
affection.
bakna adj. colonial, dependent.
baknalyk n. bondage.
bakteria(r) n. bacteria.
baky adj. eternal.
baky n. glance.
bakyet n. eternity.
bal n. honey.
n. jam, jelly.
bala n. child (often a term of
endearment). EX: Meni
balam. My child.
bala-aga n. household.
balak n. pants, trousers.
balans(r) n. balance.
balary n. honeybee.
baly n. beekeeper.
baldak n. stem.
baldyr n. calf (lower-leg muscle)
n. sister-in-law (husbands
younger sister).
balet(r) n. ballet.
balhy n. mulberry.
balkon n. balcony.
balkyldamak v. to flash, to sparkle, to
twinkle.
bally adj. younger sibling (Balkan
dialect).
balon (zmek in) n. inner tube.
balyk n. fish.
balyk gylygy n. fishbone.
balyk ibili n. caviar.
balyk tutmak n. fishing.
v. to fish, to angle.
balyky n. fisherman.
balykylyk n. fishing, fishery.
balykgulak n. shell.
banan n. banana.
banda(r) n. gang.
banderol(r) n. package.
bank n. bank. EX. Tjirilik
banky. Commercial bank.
bank(r) n. bank (i.e. for money).
bank hasaby(r) n. bank account.
banka(r) n. jar.
bana(r) n. bathroom.
bap n. part (i.e. play;book).
n. chapter (in a book).
bar adj. all. EX: Bar meletin-
iler Agabada geldiler.
All the Volunteers came to
Agabat.
n. pub.
v. to have [had, had]. EX:
Mende ol kitap eam
bar. I already have that book.
v. there is\there are. EX:
igriminji mekdepde
1,100 okuwy bar. At
School 20 there are 1,100
students.
bar bolmak v. to have [had, had].
v. to be present.
barabar adj. equal.
bara-bara adv. little by little, gradually.
baha bara bara
Turkmen English 17
barabarlyk n. similarity.
barada prep. about, concerning, re-
garding. EX: Ana hemie
egin-eik barada adar.
Ana always talks about
clothes. EX: Men sen bilen
seni aga barada
geplemeli. I need to speak
with you about/concerning/
regarding your child.
barada prep. in regards to, in respect
to.
barasynda prep. about, concerning.
barda n. membrane.
bardy-geldi id. if, if something comes up,
if it happens that. EX:
Bardy-geldi size bir zat
gerek bolsa, maa
atmaly. If it happens that
you need something, you
should tell me.
barha adv. steadily, day by day. EX:
Ol barha gowylaar. Day
by day he is getting better.
barjamly adj. well-to-do, well-off,
wealthy, rich.
barlag n. check, check-up.
n. exam, test.
n. inspection, audit.
barlag geirmek v. to investigate.
barlag i n. quiz, test.
barlagy n. examiner, auditor.
n. inspector.
n. explorer.
barlagnama n. exam.
barlama n. trial.
n. exam.
barlamak v. to verify.
v. to study (research).
v. to survey.
v. to inspect, to test.
v. to research, to study
(research).
barlanmak v. to be tested, to be in-
spected.
barlap grmek (er asty balyklary) v. to ex-
plore;
v. to prospect.
barlatmak v. to be examined.
barly adj. Ref: see barjamly.
barlyk adj. affirmative, positive.
n. existence, presence.
barlyyk n. truce, armistice.
barma n. access, admission.
barmak n. finger, toe. Ref: Elide
bolsa, finger dimeli,
aakda bolsa toe dimeli.
v. to reach.
v. to go [went, gone].
v. Ref: when following a ger-
und this indicates continu-
ous action. EX: Men gidip
baran. I am going.
barmak (baam ) n. thumb.
barmak (kii ) n. pinky finger.
barmak (klbike) n. little/pinky finger.
barmak (klem ) n. ring finger.
barmak (orta ) n. middle finger.
barmak (sem ) n. forefinger, index finger.
bars(r) n. leopard.
bary adj. all. EX: Bary umy? Is
this all?
n. whole, entire. EX: Men
bu gowuny baryny idym.
I ate this whole melon.
barybir adv. all the same, however.
EX: Ol maa Gelme!
didi, emma men barybir
gelerin. Dont come! he
said but I will come all the
same. EX: Alma, banan,
barybir. Apple, bannana, its
all the same.
baryp adv. as early as, as long ago
as. EX: Parahatylyk Kor-
pusy Trkmenistanda
baryp 1993-nji ylda ilp
balady. Peace Corps began
to work in Turkmenistan as
early as 1993.
baryp bolan adj. accessible (to go).
baryp grmek v. to visit.
baryp atan adj. utter.
bary n. way, manner, progress.
bary-yogy id. all-in-all.
id. only. EX: Holodilnikde
bary-ogy pomidor bar.
In the refrigerator there are
only three tomatoes.
basa-bas n. crush, turmoil, bustle.
basa-baslyk n. crowd. EX: Otlyda basa-
baslyk boldy. There was a
crowd of people on the
train. Biz bu kinony
biledini basa-bas bolup
satyn aldyk. We bought
tickets to this film despite
the crowd.
basalamak v. to trample down
basganak n. porch.
n. rung.
n. stage, phase.
n. grade (slope), slope.
n. stairs.
n. step (stair), stair, rung,
level.
basganakly adj. stepped.
basganjagy tutalgasy n. rail.
basgy n. press (for clothes).
basgylamak v. to trample.
basketbol(r) n. basketball.
basketboly n. basketball player.
basmak v. to overgrow [overgrew,
overgrown]. EX: Kne
bagy ot basdy. Grass over-
grew the old garden.
v. to press (i.e. a button), to
click.
barabarlyk basmak
Turkmen English 18
v. to put pressure (on some-
body).
v. to win (win a game).
bassen(r) n. pool.
bassyr adj. back to back, in a row.
EX: Ol meni anyma
bassyr gn geldi. He
came three days in a row.
bassyrma n. shed, awning.
basyp almak v. to invade, to occupy, to
conquer.
basybalyjy n. invader, aggressor.
basybalyjylyk n. aggression (warlike).
basybaly n. invasion.
basylmak v. to lose, to be defeated.
v. Ref: passive voice form of
basmak.
v. to be tired of something.
EX: Men orbadan halys
basyldym! I am so tired of
soup!
basym adv. quickly.
adv. soon.
n. accent (stress), stress (i.e.
phonetic).
basymsyz adj. unstressed (in pronun-
ciation).
basyp alma n. occupation, conquest.
basyp almak v. to conquer, to dominate.
v. to score (of a game).
basyp grmek v. to palpate.
basyrganmak v. to rant and rave.
v. to be delirious. Ref: to
speak or move in ones sleep.
basyrmak v. to cover, to veil.
v. to hide, to conceal.
basy n. pressure, tension. EX: Uly
basyly tok geiriji. High
tension power line. EX: Gan
basyy. Blood pressure.
ba agyrtmak v. to puzzle.
ba atma n. nod.
ba atmak v. to nod. Ref: to nod ones
head in greeting.
ba alanma n. dizzy (to be), vertigo
(feeling of rotation).
ba alanmak v. to be dizzy.
ba bolmak v. to lead, to be at the head
of.
ba ykarmak v. to understand (to under-
stand fully), to know (to
know everything about). EX:
Men komputerden oat
ba ykararyn. I know
everything about computers.
ba dm n. nominative case.
ba egmek v. to incline.
v. to worship, to bow one's
head.
ba galdyrmak v. to oppose, to rebel against.
v. to be interested. EX: Hi
kim bu ie ba galdyr-
mady. Nobody is interested
in this work.
ba gomak v. to undertake (i.e. a pro-
ject) [undertook, under-
taken], to participate.
ba gomak v. to devote oneself, to wor-
ship.
ba adj. main, capital, prime.
n. member of a family.
n. principal.
n. beginning, opening (at the
start), origin, outbreak (start).
ba n. head.
n. top. EX: Agajy bay.
The top of a tree.
ba harp n. capital letter.
ba ministr n. prime minister.
ba san n. livestock.
ba stne adv. please (for a request).
id. youre welcome.
baa barmak v. to succeed. EX: Olary
maksatnamasy baa bar-
mady. Their plan did not
succeed.
baa-ba adv. one on one.
baaga adj. bustling, a tendeny to
fuss, too busy, agitated, pre-
occupied.
baagalyk n. panic.
baam barmak n. thumb.
baarja adj. quick, resourceful.
adj. capable, skilled, skillful.
baarjalyk n. skill, ability, knack at
something.
baarma n. capability, ability.
baarmak v. to can, to be able. EX:
Men trkmene okamagy
baararyn. I can read
Turkmen.
baarnyk n. ability, skill.
baarnykly adj. skilled, skillful, capable.
baarnyklylyk n. ability, skillfulness.
baarnyksyz adj. reluctant.
n. unskillful, incapable.
baaa adj. over.
adj. through.
adj. alternately, every other.
EX: Her hatarda gyzlar
we oglanlar baaa otur-
maly. In each row boys and
girls must sit alternately.
baaak adj. upside down.
baaak agdarmak v. to overturn (object).
baaak etmek v. to turn upside down.
baatgy n. head-covering.
baalanma n. dizziness.
ba-badaklyk n. disorganization, chaos.
babitin adv. completely, entirely, as a
whole.
badan geirme n. adventure.
badan geirmek v. to experience.
badan-aak id. from beginning to end,
from head to toe.
badansowma adj. careless, negligent.
badansowmalyk n. carelessness, negligence,
perfunctoriness.
bassen(r) badansowmalyk
Turkmen English 19
bada adj. first. EX: Bada aaly.
First wife.
baga adj. else, besides.
adj. more. EX: Saklan! Bize
baga ruka gerek dl. Stop!
We do not need more pens.
adj. other, another. EX: a-
galar baga otaga gitmeli.
The children must go to the
other room.
baga gne geirmek v. to postpone.
baga hala gemek v. to transform. EX: pek
gurugy baga hala geip
bilr. Ol kebelege
wrlr. A caterpillar can
transform. It turns into a
butterfly.
baga perdeden gopmak v. to change ones mind, to
disagree.
baga tarapdan conj. on the other hand.
baga tarapynda n. other side.
baga agdada adv. otherwise.
bagaa adv. otherwise, or else, dif-
ferent.
bagaa adv. differently, in a different
manner, otherwise. EX:
Men onu bilen bagaa
grleerin. I will speak with
him differently.
bagalar n. rest (the others), others.
baky adj. first.
balamak v. to begin [began, begun], to
start.
balangy n. elementary, primary.
n. start, beginning, onset.
balangy mekdep n. primary school, elemen-
tary school.
balanmak v. to be started.
baly-barat adj. disorganized, chaotic.
adv. completely. EX: Ilki u
ii baly-barat gutaraly.
Lets finish the work com-
pletely.
balyk n. leader, boss.
balyklayn prep. at the head.
balyklyk n. leadership.
balyklyk etmek v. to lead [led, led].
batutan n. boss, chief, leader.
batutanlyk n. leadership.
bau n. head of the bed, bedside.
bay n. heading.
n. outbreak (start), onset.
bay agyrtmak v. to consider properly.
bay alanmak v. to be/tofeel dizzy.
bay bo n. unmarried woman,
widow.
bayny agartmak v. to bore with, to bother, to
pester.
bayny akamak v. to shake one's head.
bat n. intensity.
n. speed.
v. swing, sweep.
bat almak v. to accelerate.
v. to intensify.
bat bermek v. to intensify.
bat aly n. acceleration.
batare(r) n. battery.
batbrek n. kite.
batga n. mud.
n. pool.
n. marsh, swamp.
batgaly adj. swampy, marshy,
muddy.
batgalyk n. a marshy area.
batlanmak v. to intensify (i.e. faster or
louder). EX: Men dimimi
batlandyrdym. My step
became faster. agany
sesi barha batlanardy.
The childs voice grew stead-
ily louder.
batly adj. loud, fast, strong.
adv. hard.
n. rash (i.e. without think-
ing).
batma n. plunge.
batmak v. to sink.
v. to go bankrupt.
v. to set (i.e. the sun), to sink
[sank, sunk]. EX: Gn
batdy. The sun set. EX:
Gmi batdy. The ship sank.
batmaklyk n. bankruptcy.
batnyksyz adj. silly, meaningless.
batyl adj. blind.
batyr n.title added to the names of
heroic warriors.
adj. brave, courageous.
batyrga adj. courageous, fearlessly,
bravely.
batyrlyk n. courage, bravery.
batyrmak v. to dip. EX: Men orba
regimi batyrmagy gowy
gorrin. I like to dip bread
in my soup.
v. to sink [sank, sunk], to
drown. EX: Men gmini
batyrdym. I sank the ship.
ba adj. wealthy, rich (wealthy),
well to do, abundant.
baak adv. recently.
baamak v. to become rich.
baar n. landlord, wealth land-
owner.
Baat n. Ref: the name of a Turk-
men tribe.
baatmak v. to make one rich.
ba-bow intj. Good golly! Sheesh! Oh!
Oh my!
badak n. flag.
bagu n. owl.
bahatyn n. owl.
baladyrma n. enrichment.
balamak v. to be enriched, to be made
rich.
balyk n. resource. EX: biologik
balyk. biological resource.
EX: tzelenip durulan
bada balyk
Turkmen English 20
balyk. renewable resource.
EX: tzelenmen balyk.
Non-renewable resource.
balyk n. wealth, riches.
banamak v. to live well, to live richly.
barak n. prize (i.e. in a competi-
tion), reward.
barak gowurmak v. to give a prize.
baraky n. prize recipient.
baram n. holiday.
baramylyk n. holiday, celebration, festival.
baramylyk bellemek v. to celebrate.
bary adj. senior and experienced.
Ref: old and great.
barynmak v. to rely on, to count on.
batal n. mare.
batala n. foal.
bayr n. hill.
baza(r) n. center
n. premises. EX: Biz ilis
dili merkezini igriminji
mekdebi bazasynda ayp
bileris. We can open an
English center on the prem-
ises of School 20.
n. warehouse.
bazar n. bazaar, market.
be intj. Wow! Oh! Gosh!
bede n. hay.
beden n. organism
n. body.
beden eti n. muscle.
beden gurluy n. physique.
bedene n. quail.
bedeni n. torso.
bedeni agday n. physical condition
bedenterbie n. physical education, physi-
cal training.
bedew n. steed.
bedinebis adj. greedy.
bedre n. bucket, pail.
bedro adj. ugly.
beg n. ruler (political).
begen n. joy, gladness, happiness,
mirth.
begenli adj. exciting.
begendirmek v. to make someone happy,
cheer someone up, to bring
someone a joy. EX: Meni
gyz jigm meni begendir-
r. My little sister makes
me happy. OR My little sis-
ter brings me joy.
begenmek v. to be happy, to be glad, to
be joyful, to be excited.
beglik n. kingdom.
begres n. coat (for a woman).
n. thick flannel.
begzada adj. noble.
behi n. quince.
behit n. heaven, paradise.
bejergi n. treatment.
n. embroidery, pattern, de-
sign.
bejerip bolmaan adj. incurable.
bejerip bolan adj. treatable.
bejeri n. repairs.
n. treatment, medication.
bejermek v. to renovate.
v. to treat.
v. to adorn.
v. to fix, to repair.
v. to manufacture.
v. to work (i.e. land).
bejertmek v. to heal (someone else).
bek adj. Ref: see berk.
bekemek v. to harden, to strengthen,
to mature.
v. to close, to shut.
v. to block.
bekre (balyk) n. sturgeon.
bela n. disaster, evil, misfortune,
vice.
bela-beter n. disaster, misfortune. Ref:
emphatic form of bela.
bela degen adj. cursed.
belent mertebelilik n. majesty.
belent adj. tall.
adj. great, high.
belentlik n. altitude.
n. greatness.
n. height.
belent-pes id. highlands and lowlands.
belet adj. versed in, experienced,
familiar with.
beletilik n. acquaintance, familiarity.
belgi n. license plate.
n. mark, punctuation mark.
EX: Sorag belgisi. Ques-
tion mark.
n. sign, label.
belgilemek v. to place a sign.
belgilenmedik adj. unmarked.
belka n. squirrel.
belke n. noodle dish, pasta.
belkem adv. maybe, perhaps.
belki conj. whether.
adv. maybe. Ref: see belkem.
bellemek v. to register.
v. to remark.
v. to celebrate.
v. to nominate, appoint.
v. to pay attention to, to take
note of. EX: Okuwylar
bell! Sapaga gij galmaly
dl. Students take note! You
must not be late for the lesson.
bellenen adj. highlighted.
bellenip golan er adj. reserved.
bellenme adj. nomination, appoint-
ment.
bellenmek v. to make known.
v. to be mentioned.
v. to be nominated.
bellentgi bola adj. notorious.
belli bahasy ok id. invaluable.
belli dl adj. unknown.
belli adj. particular.
balyk belli
Turkmen English 21
adj. prominent, popular,
notorious, famous, well-
known, outstanding.
bellige almak v. to reconstruction.
v. to register.
bellik etmek v. to mark, to note. EX: Ol
her alyy bellik etdi. He
marked every mistake.
bellik n. remark.
bellik n. sign, mark.
n. license plate.
n. marking.
n. note. EX: Terjimeini
belligi. Translators note.
bellikhana n. registration office.
bellisini etmek v. to make a final decision.
belok n. protein.
belo(r) n. linen (bedding).
bende n. person, servant, slave.
n. Ref: person (lit: servant of
god).
bendi n. prisoner (lit. and fig.),
captive.
bendilik n. detention, confinement.
benewe adj. lilac.
adj. violet.
bent n. dam.
n. stanza, couplet.
bentlemek v. to dam.
benzin(r) n. gasoline, gas (gasoline),
petrol.
berbat adj. destroyed, wrecked, bro-
ken. EX: er titremesin-
den so bu her berbat
boldy. After the earthquake
this city was destroyed.
adj. oppressed.
ber bolmak v. to get sick of something.
EX: Men gawundan ber
boldym. I am sick of melon.
v. to harden, to stiffen.
ber n. tumor. Ref: lit: a harden-
ing.
berikmek v. to satiate.
v. Ref: see ber bolmak.
berin n. rivet.
berinlemek v. to rivet.
berdaly adj. healthy, strong.
Berekella! intj. Well done!
Congratulations!
bereket n. abundance.
bereketli adj. abundant (people).
berg batmak v. to bankrupt (to go to ).
bergi n. debt, indebtedness.
n. loan (a loan that is given).
bergidar n. debtor.
bergili bolmak v. to owe.
bergili n. debtor.
berhiz tutmak v. to go on a diet. EX: Onu
lukmany oa berhiz tut-
maly didi. His doctor told
him he must go on a diet.
berhiz n. diet.
berhizli adj. on a diet.
berim n. bribe, graft.
berja etme n. observance.
berja etmek v. to carry out (i.e. an order).
v. to follow (i.e. rules).
v. to fulfill, to observe (i.e. a
custom).
berk bedenli adj. muscular, fit, shape (in
good ).
berk bolmak v. harden.
berk sesli adj. loud.
berk adj. robust.
adj. secure, steadfast.
adj. tough.
adj. severe, strict. EX: Ol
dzgni berk saklaar. He
keeps strict order.
adj. strong, tough, durable.
EX: Bu balak gymmat em-
ma berk. These pants are
expensive but durable. EX:
Ol hi haan kesellemear.
Ol berk bedenli. He is never
sick. He has a strong body.
adv. hard. EX: Men topy
berk urdym. I struck the
ball hard.
adv. loyally. EX: aajy
watanyny berk smeli. A
citizen must love his country
loyally.
adv. without deviation. EX:
Ol mak meilnamasyny
berk amala ayrar. He
follows his exercise plan
without deviation.
berkarar etmek v. to establish.
berkarar adj. established, strong.
berkemek v. to strengthen (to rein-
force).
v. to harden.
berkitme n. reinforcement.
berkitmek v. to fasten.
v. to strengthen, to reinforce.
berklik n. firmness.
bermek v. to transmit.
v. to give [gave, given], pro-
vide.
v. to offer.
v. Ref: used to indicate an
action done for someone
else. EX: Men size ja sa-
lyp berdim. I built a house
for you. (lit: I gave to you
the building of that house).
beroza(r) n. birch tree.
bes adj. enough, sufficient. EX:
Men rus dilini wrenmeli
dl, Trkmen dili bes. I
do not need to learn Rus-
sian, Turkmen is enough.
bes etmek v. Ref: lit: to do enough, stop.
EX: Bes et! Stop!
beslemek v. to cherish.
v. to decorate.
bellige almak beslemek
Turkmen English 22
beslenmek v. to be adorned.
bet adj. mean, evil, bad, mischie-
vous, naughty.
betbagt adj. unhappy, unfortunate,
unlucky, miserable.
betbagtlyk n. misfortune, disaster, mis-
ery, misadventure. Ref: lit:
bad luck.
betbagytylyk n. adversity.
n. tragedy.
beter adj. worse, more (of a nega-
tive thing)
beterlemek v. to get worse.
betgelik adj. ugly.
betgumanylyk etmek v. doubt.
betgumanylyk adj. scruple.
betgman adj. distrustful, mistrustful.
betgmanlyk n. mistrustfulness.
betgylyk adj. ill-bred, unmannerly.
betlik n. mischief, meanness.
betnebis adj. greedy.
betnebislik n. greed.
betniet adj. plotting, evil.
n. villain, rascal, evildoer.
betnietli adv. villainously.
betnietsiz adj. unselfish.
betnyan adj. Ugly, unattractive.
beton(r) n. concrete.
betpl adj. malevolent, plotting,
evil.
adj. Ref: see bet.
be adv. Ref: see bele.
bean etmek v. to describe (to describe an
event).
bean n. proceeding.
n. description, telling (of an
event). EX: Ii beany.
Job description.
beanat n. minutes (i.e. of a meeting).
n. statement, declaration.
beanetme n. relation (i.e. in to).
beannama n. communiqu, report.
n. exposition.
n. account (description of
events), telling.
n. topic.
beemi n. manager. EX: Ol bu re-
storany beemisi. He is
the manager of this restau-
rant.
beewan n. steppe.
begelmek v. to increase (i.e. quantity).
v. to raise (to elevate).
begeltmek v. to increase (i.e. quantity).
beik adj. famous.
adj. great.
adj. tall, large.
n. ridge,crest.
beiklik n. rise (slope).
n. greatness.
n. height.
beiklik belgisi n. altitude.
beikli-pesli id. high and low, one and all.
bele adj. such,that kind of. EX:
Men bele owadan aty
grmedim. I have never
seen such a beautiful horse.
adv. so, like that. EX: Do-
grysy, bele dl. In truth, it
is not so.
adv. that, those. EX: Bu Juma
dl. Juma belede. This is
not Juma. That is Juma.
beleki adj. other, different. EX:
Mugallymlar beleki we-
laatlardan hem masla-
hata geldiler. Teachers
from other veleyats came to
the conference as well.
belekiler n. others.
belk adv. that way (used when
pointing).
beni n. brain.
n. mind.
bet n. stanza.
betmek v. do like that, do in that
way.
bez bolmak v. to tire, to be tired of
something, to be sick of
something.
bez etmek v. to make someone sick, to
evoke, to dislike. EX: Ogry-
lar meni bez etarlar. sick.
Thieves make me sick. OR I
dislike thieves.
bezeg n. decoration, ornament.
bezegli adj. attractive (i.e. house or
clothing).
adj. decorated, luxurious.
bezemek v. to decorate, to adorn, to
ornament.
bezemen adj. well-dressed.
bezzat n. brat, undisciplined child.
bezzatlyk n. mischief.
b intj. Oh! Ah! (expresses sur-
prise).
bbek n. baby.
bbekhana n. foundling home.
bbeknek n. eyeball.
bgl n. rose.
bh intj. see b.
bhbit n. benefit, advantage, inter-
est (i.e. in your interest). EX:
Bu seni bhbidi in.
Its for you benefit OR Its
in your interest OR Its to
your advantage.
bhbitli adj. beneficial, useful, profit-
able.
bhbitsizlik n. disadvantage.
blik adj. jovial.
n. joker, jester, jovial person,
merry fellow.
bliklik n. playfulness.
bliremek v. to joke, to banter.
brden gaytmak v. to be insufficient, to be
lacking.
bri adv. for, since. EX: On yl
beslenmek bri
Turkmen English 23
bri ilen. I have been
working for 10 years. EX:
Iki minji yldan bri
ilen. I have been work-
ing here since two thousand.
adv. here. EX: Gel bri!
Come here!
bri bakmak v. to be cured.
v. to look over here.
brik geli! intj. come here!
brik adv. here.
bs etmek v. to compete.
bsde n. adversary, opponent, rival.
bsdelik n. rivalry.
bsleik n. contest.
bslemek v. to compete.
b barmagym v. to know well.Ref: lit: to
aly bilmek know like ones five fingers.
b minut wagty almak v. to take five minutes.
b num. five.
bbeter id. five times (better or
worse). EX: Ol menden
bbeter akylly bolar! He
is five times smarter than me!
bbur yldyz n. star (with 5 points).
bbur adj. pentagonal, five-pointed.
bburlyk n. pentagon.
bdeik n. competition, tournament.
bdelik etmek v. to compete (with), to rival
(in).
bem n. quintuplets.
blik adj. excellent.
n. Ref: 5 TM bill (slang).
byllyk adj. of five years, five-year.
bylyk maksatnama n. five year plan (i.e. eco-
nomic).
biabra adj. shameful, embarrassing.
adj. honorless.
biabraylyk n. shame, dishonor.
biabralyk n. shame. EX: Gr! Nhili
biabralyk. Look! What a
shame!
biagry adj. negligent, careless.
biagrylyk n. negligence, carelessness.
biagyry adj. carefree.
biala adj. desperate, hopeless.
adj. helpless (of a situation),
inescapable.
adv. involuntarily. EX: Biz
biala razyladyk. We
agreed involuntarily.
bibat adj. spoiled, ruined.
bibi n. elder sister, elder female
cousin.
biak adj. too, much, very much.
adj. extremely.
bieme adj. inconvenient, in com-
modious.
bieme dl adj. fitting, appropriate.
bire adj. piteous.
adj. Ref: prevented from being
effective, helpless, incapable.
n. wretch, an unfortunate
person.
biim n. cut (i.e. in fashion). EX:
Men bu kostumy biimini
halaaryn. I like the cut of
that suit.
biimi n. tailor.
bime n. castration, emasculation.
n. cut-out.
bimek v. to castrate.
v. to tailor.
biw n. pattern (style).
n. style, fashion.
bidat n. bad luck.
biderek sarp edn v. to profligate.
biderek ere id. in vain, for no reason.
EX: Meni ejem hemie
biderek ere zowzuldaar.
My mother always worries
for no reason.
biderek adj. dangerous.
adj. nonsense, useless, in
vain. worthless (of a person).
adj. unworthy.
bidne n. grapes (without stones).
bidin adj. without permission.
bidwlet adj. poor, needy.
adj. worthless, good-for-
nothing.
bidzgn adj. undisciplined.
bidzgnilik n. disorder.
bidzgnilik etmek v. to make a nuisance of
oneself, to behave like a
hooligan.
bidzgnlik n. lack of discipline.
biedep adj. discourteous, impolite,
ill-bred.
biedeplik n. discourtesy, rudeness.
bigarat adj. cowardly.
bigaratlyk n. cowardice.
bigne n. stranger, outsider.
bigman adj. evident, apparent, obvi-
ous, unquestionable.
bign adj. innocent.
bignlik n. innocence.
bihabar adj. unaware.
adj. uninformed. EX: Ol
maa hi zat atmady.
Men bihabar. He didnt tell
me anything. I am unin-
formed.
bihal adj. weak, powerless, feeble.
bihaa adj. shameless, insolent.
bihepbe adj. useless, good for nothing.
bihu adj. unconscious.
bija adj. inappropriate.
adj. inconvenient, uncom-
fortable.
adj. uneven. Ref: lit: not flat.
adv. very.
bije n. fate, lot (in gambling).
bije atmak v. to flip a coin, to choose
lots.
bijin n. ape, monkey.
bikanun adj. illegal, lawless.
bikanun hereket n. crime. Ref: lit: illegal action.
bri bakmak bikanun hereket
Turkmen English 24
bikanunlyk adj. lawlessness.
bikarar adj. restless, uneasy, anxious.
adj. impatient.
bike n. lady. EX: O bikesi. The
lady of the house.
bikemal adj. underage, immature.
bikr adj. senseless, meaningless,
useless.
adj. idle. Ref: lit: without pro-
fession.
bikrlik adj. idleness.
bil aylmak v. to menstruate.
bil baglamak v. to trust, to rely on, to
count on.
bil bermek v. to curve, to bend.
bil gelmek v. to menstruate.
bil azmak v. to relax.
bil n. middle.
n. waist, back (if it hurts).
EX: Meni bilim agyrar.
My back hurts. OR I have a
backache.
bilagyry n. backache, lower back
pain.
bilbil n. nightingale.
bilbklmak v. to bend down, to bow
down, to stoop.
bildiri etmek v. to announce.
bildiri n. publicity.
n. announcement, advertise-
ment, information.
bildirii asmak v. to post (bulletin).
bildirmek v. to express, to make
known, to warn.
bile adv. Ref: see bilen (all mean-
ings).
adv. together. EX: r bile
gideli! Lets go together!
bilek n. wrist.
bilekse n. loop, lasso.
bileleik n. treaty, union.
n. community, alliance. Ref:
lit: a togetherness.
bilelemek v. to unite, to gather together.
bilelikde prep. with.
adv. together.
bilen adv. with. EX: Men Jason
bilen dkana gitdim. I
went to the store with Jason.
adv. along (i.e. a path), by.
EX: Men u l bilen
geldim. I came along this
road.
adv. Ref: with (used with
nouns ending in -lik or -lyk).
EX: Sen mertlik bilen
urumal. You must fight
with courage.
adv. with (using), by (by means
of), using. EX: Men ruka
bilen azjak. I will write
with a pen. OR I will write
using a pen. EX: Men Mara
awtobus bilen gidip biln.
I can go to Mary by bus.
bileni-biteni adv. all that one has ever
known. EX: Onu bileni-
biteni u oba. This village
is all that he has ever known.
bilesigeliji n. curious person.
bilet n. examination card.
n. identification card
bilet(r) n. ticket
bilet barlaany n. usher.
bileti n. usher.
bilezik n. bracelet (for a woman).
bilgelein adj. willful.
adv. intentionally, on pur-
pose, deliberately.
bilgelnden adv. Ref: see bilgelein.
bilgi n. fortune teller, seer,
bilgir adj. knowledgeable.
bilgirlik n. prophetic gift, foresight.
bilim n. knowledge.
n. education, knowledge.
bilimdar n. scholar, wise man.
bilimli adj. educated.
bilimsiz adj. uneducated.
bilimsizlik adj. illiterate.
n. illiteracy.
bilii berk guamak id. to do something with
determination. EX: Eger
sen ilis dilini wrenjek
bolsa bilii berk gua! If
you want to learn English,
study with determination!
billini guamak v. to get ready.
bilmek v. to know [knew, known].
v. Ref: to be able to
(following gerund). EX:
Men tikin tikip bilrin. I
know how to sew.
bilmen adj. unaware.
bilmezlik n. ignorance, incompetence.
n. lack of information.
bilmn etmek adj. unintentional act.
bimahal id. at the wrong time.
bimamla adj. at fault.
adj. wrong, at fault.
bimaza adj. mischievous, bad.
adj. playful. Ref: lit: without
calm.
adj. sleepless.
adj. unfriendly.
bimessep adj. unreliable (person).
bina n. building.
binay n. builder, construction
worker.
binamys adj. shameless, dishonest.
binamyslyk n. shamelessness, dishonesty.
binesip n. failure, unsuccessful per-
son, (at a certain task),
unlucky person.
binika adj. illegitimate (a child), out of
wedlock. EX: Binika ogyl.
Illegitimate son. EX: Binika
aal. Common law wife.
binjalyk etmet v. disturb.
bikanunlyk binjalyk etmet
Turkmen English 25
binobat adv. out of turn, out of order.
bintlemek v. to screw in.
binyan adj. unmarked.
adj. unseen.
binat etmek v. to create, to make [made,
made].
binat n. creation, work. EX: Bu
kanal dwleti binaty.
This canal is the creation/
work of the government.
biografia(r) n. biography.
biologiki(r) adj. biological.
biologia(r) n. biology.
biparh adj. indifferent.
biparhlyk n. indifference, carelessness.
biperwa adj. Ref: see biparh.
bir num. one.
bir adamlyk n. portion (serving).
bir agza bakmak v. to act as one, to be united.
bir agza garamak v. Ref: see bir arza bakmak.
bir bar eken, bir ok eken id. Once upon a time. Ref: lit:
once it was, once it was not.
bir em adv. long ago.
bir gezek adv. once, one time.
bir gn adv. once, one day.
bir kde bede n. hay stack.
bir labyzly n. monotonous (voice).
bir meze bolmak v. match.
bir meze adj. identical, uniform.
bir medan id. awhile, a period of time.
bir rkli de n. camel (Arabian camel).
bir sihli adj. homogeneous.
bir sydyrgyn adj. uniform, consecutive.
adv. consistent.
bir tarapdan n. partly.
bir wagtda id. at the same time.
bir wagtlar adv. one time, once.
bir yerde n. somewhere.
bir an zli etmek v. to complete something.
bir erden baga bir v to. migrate.
ere smek a-
da gmek
bir zamanlar adv. past (in the ).
bir zat bolmak v. to happen (in the past).
bir zat n. something.
biragyzdan adj. unanimous. Ref: lit: from
one mouth.
adv. unanimously. Ref: lit:
from one mouth.
birahat adj. uncomfortable.
birahatlamak v. to worry.
birahatlanmak v. to become anxious, to
become worried.
biraakdan adv. completely, entirely.
biraz adj. very little.
birazajyk adj. Ref: see biraz.
birbada adv. at once.
adv. at first, initially.
adv. immediately, right away,
suddenly.
bir-birden adv. one at a time, one by one.
bir-birege kmek n. pact (mutual assistance).
bermek ertnamasy
birak adj. long ago.
birden adj. unexpected.
adv. suddenly, abruptly, acci-
dently, at once.
birdenk adv. Ref: see birden.
birdir-ikidir adv. once or twice.
birehem adj. cruel, heartless, merci-
less.
birek-birek adv. one another, each other.
EX: Dostlar ygy-ygydan
birek-biregik myhman-
ylyga barmaly. Friends
must visit each other often
OR Friends must visit one
another often.
birentek adj. many.
biream n. long ago, a long time ago.
birgesi adj. good, wonderful.
birgiden adv. a lot, much, many.
birhkimietlilik n. autocracy.
birhili adj. boring.
adj. some sort of, a certain.
EX: Ol birhili ajy yl-
gyrar. He smiles in a bitter
sort of way.
adj. unusual. EX: u gn
howa birhili bolup dur.
Todays weather was very
unusual.
biri n. one of. EX: Ol kita-
plary birini ne kitdi.
He brought one of the
books home.
biri birine layk adj. adequate.
biri birine meze adj. adequate.
biri birini adv. one another.
adv. each other.
biri-belekisini adv. each other.
birigimek v. to be united, to join.
birign adv. the day after tomorrow.
birikdirme n. junction.
birikdirmek v. to annex.
v. to put through (on the
phone).
v. to join, to link.
birikmek v. join, unite. EX: Ol tze
komanda birikdi. He
joined the new team.
birikmek v. to reconcile (after a di-
vorce). EX: Olar arylyan-
dan iki yl so birikdiler.
They were reconciled two
years after they were divorced.
birin-birin adv. in detail, from beginning
to end.
pron. everything, all.
birine gaharly bolmak n. grudge.
birinji num. first.
birinji gn n. Monday.
birinji klas adj. first class (flight).
birinji sort adj. first class (quality).
birinjilik n. lead (leader).
n. priority.
birje minut! id. wait a minute!

binobat birje minut
Turkmen English 26
bira n. exchange. EX: ig-mal
birasy. Commodity ex-
change. Zhmet birasy.
Labor exchange.
birkemsiz adj. irreproachable.
adj. punctual.
birlediriji adj. uniting, unifying.
birledirmek v. unite.
v. to fasten to, to connect.
Birleen Arap Emiratlary n. United Arab Emirates.
Birleen Korollyk n. United Kingdom.
Birleen Milletler n. United Nations (UN).
Guramasy (BMG)
birleen adj. united.
birleik n. alliance, coalition, union.
birleme n. unification.
n. union.
birlemek v. to unite.
birln-ikiln adv. once or twice.
birlik adj. singular.
n. unit.
birlik sanda id. in the singular.
birlikde adv. together, at the same
time.
birmahal id. long ago.
birmeze adj. same (the ), monoto-
nous.
birneme n. see some.
birne num. several.
n. some.
birowa adj. unlucky.
birsalym id.for a while.
birsydyrgyn adj. consecutive, uniformly
distributed.
birsyhly adv. constantly, continuous.
EX: aga birsyhly
aglaardy, ne ejesi ony
eitmerdi. The child was
crying constantly but his
mother did not hear him.
birtaraplayn n. unilateral, one-sided.
birtopar n. several, a group of.
birtsli adj. Ref: see birhili.
birwagt adv. long ago, once.
birwagtlayn adv .once, one time.
birysgal adj. unsuccessful.
adj. unlucky.
bisabyr adj. impatient, anxious.
bisarpa adj. wasteful.
n. profligate.
bis-ds n. cooking.
bisebp id. for no reason, without
any excuse.
bishet adj. unfavorable/
inappropriate (day).
bismilla id. in the name of Allah.
bisowat adj. illiterate.
bisyrat adj. ugly
bi-d n. meal.
bien adj. mature (of a person).
adj. ripe.
biirmek v. to cook.
biimek v. to mature (of a person), to
develop. EX: Go ol ilp
biisin. Let him develop in
his work.
bimedik n. raw (uncooked).
bimek n. roast.
v. to be cooked.
v. to ripen (of fruit or vege-
tables).
bit n. louse (the insect), flea.
bitagayk adj. clumsy, awkward.
bitagayklyk n. inconvenience
n. clumsiness, awkwardness.
bitarap adj. neutral.
bitaraplyk derejesi n. neutral status.
bitaraplyk n. neutrality.
bita adj. odd (without a partner),
without a partner. EX: Bi-
ta jorap. An odd sock.
bitertip adj. messy, scattered, in dis-
order.
bitewi adj. united, whole.
bitewilik n. safety, intactness.
bitin adj. whole, entire.
bitirmek v. to accomplish, to fulfill, to
complete (a task).
bitler n. lice.
bitlilik n. pediculosis (lice infection).
bitmek v. to be accomplished (a
project). EX: Bu taslama
bitdi. The project was ac-
complished.
bitmek v. to grow [grew, grown].
EX: Pagta demirgazykda
bitmer. Cotton does not
grow in the North.
bitmek v. to heal.
biwagt adj. untimely.
adv. at the wrong time, late/
early.
biwepa adj. disloyal.
biygtyar adj. involuntary.
id. without permission.
biynjalyk bolmak v. worry.
biynjalyk n. uneasy, anxious, worried.
biz [b:iz] n. awl.
biz pron. we.
bizar bolmak v. be of something tired.
bizar etmek v. to annoy.
bizar adj. boring, a waste of time.
id. tired (of), sick (of).
bizar-petegii ykarmak v. to annoy. EX: Ol bizi
bizar-petegimizi ykarar.
He is annoying us.
bize n. us.
bizi n. us.
bizi pro. our.
biziki pro. ours.
biznes(r) n. business.
biznesmen(r) n. businessman.
blinik(r) n. pancake.
BMG (Birleik milletler abbr. UN (United Nations).
guramasy)
boka n. barrel.
bogaldak n. mast.
bogaz adj. pregnant (of an animal).
bira bogaz
Turkmen English 27
n. strait. EX: Bering
Bogazy. Bering Strait .
n. throat.
bogmak n. joint (in the body).
v. to suffocate.
v. to strangle.
v. to tie (i.e. a knot).
bogna blmek v. to divide by syllables.
bogna blnmek n. divide by syllables.
bognamak v. to saw (i.e. wood).
boguk adj. hoarse. EX: Ony sesi
boguk. His voice is hoarse.
bogulmak v. to be suffocated by some-
one.
bogun n. joint (where something
pivots).
n. syllable.
bok n. feces.
boks(r) n. boxing.
bokscy n. boxer.
bokurdagy akamak v. to gargle.
bokurdak n. throat.
bol tapmak v. to abound.
bol adj. abundant, plentiful.
n. plenty.
bol tapmak v. to abound.
bolamak v. to become abundant.
bolan bolmak v. to pretend.
bolan i n. occurrence.
bolanda nme? id. so what?
bolanok adj. impossible.
bolar aly adv. likely.
bolar-bolmaz adj. meaningless, absurd.
bolylyk n. abundance.
boldy id. enough, no more.
bolelin adj. sufficient.
bolgar adj. Bulgarian.
bolgar bur n. bell pepper.
bolgusyz adj. meaningless, ridiculous,
rubbish. EX: Bolgusyzadam.
Foolish man. Bolgusyz zat.
All sorts of nonsense.
bolgusyz adj. skittish.
boljagy bolmak id. it is inevitable, there is
nothing to be done, it is done.
EX: Ol basym ljek. Bol-
jagy boldy. He will die soon.
There is nothing to be done.
boljak i bolmak v. Ref: water under the
bridge. EX: Bu barada
zowzuldama. Boljak i
boldy. Dont worry about it.
Its water under the bridge.
bolluk n. plenty. abundance.
bolmajysy bolmak id. go all out.
bolmak n. reside.
v. to attend, to participate.
v. to be, to happen.
v. to be born. EX: Enedan
bolmak. To be born.
v. to take place, to occur
(happen).
v. to be. EX: Men de
boldum. I was at home.
bolmak v. to become [became, be-
come]. EX: Men mugallym
bolmak islerin. I want to
become a teacher.
bolmak v. to finish. EX: Adyp
boldumy? Have you fin-
ished talking?
bolmaklyk n. stay. EX: Meni Trk-
men magalasynda bol-
maklygym gyzykly boldy.
My stay in a Turkmen family
was interesting.
bolmanda adv. at least. EX: Bolmanda
a bir isene! Please at
least drink tea!
bolmasa adv. otherwise.
bolmasa conj. if not, if there is/are no.
EX: Uara bilet bolmasa,
biz taksi bilen gideris. If
there are no plane tickets,
we will go by taxi.
bolmaan adj. unfit.
bolmazlyk n. lack, absence.
bolsa bolsun id. I dont care, so what.
bolsa bolupdyr id. care (I dont ), so what.
bolt(r) n. pivot.
bolup biljek adj. potential.
bolup biljek adj. realistic.
bolup gemek v. to happen (in the past), to
occur.
bolup-bolmaz n. loudmouth.
bolupykmak v. to prove.
bolu hereket n. proceeding.
bolu n. behavior, action. EX:
Onu boluy gowy dl.
His behavior is not good.
bolm n. branch (branch of an or-
ganiation).
bolan eri n. location, site.
bolar intj. OK, all right, alright,
fine.
bomba(r) n. bomb.
bombalamak v. bomb.
boragan n. blizzard.
boran n. blizzard.
bor n. responsibility (for some-
thing), duty, obligation.
borlanmak v. to pledge.
borlanmak v. to be required to do some-
thing, to take a duty upon
oneself.
borly bolmak v. to must (grammatical), to
owe.
borly etmek v. to oblige.
borly adj. obligated, obliged.
borly n. debtor.
bornama n. bond (i.e. financial instru-
ment).
bornama n. pledge.
bornama n. undertaking.
n. obligation.
borjak n. joint fur (Ephedra).
borona n. harrow (in a field).
bosaga n. threshold.
bogmak bosaga
Turkmen English 28
bosagadan tlemek v. to enter.
bosgun n. refugee.
bosgunlar lageri n. refugee camp.
bosmak v. to flee [fled, fled].
bossan n. garden, lush garden.
bo adj. empty, void.
bo medan adj. fallow land.
bo sz n. empty promise.
n. nonsense, absurd.
bo wagt n. free time.
bo er adj. fallow land.
n. vacancy.
boadylmak v. to be relieved, to be freed,
to be exempted.
boadyly n. release.
boamak v. to flee.
v. to release (oneself).
boatmak v. to release (another).
v. to rid, to empty.
v. to fire (from a job).
v. to release, to dismiss, to
liberate. Ref: lit: to make free.
v. to unload (i.e. a truck).
boluk n. vacancy.
n. cavity (i.e. in a tooth).
n. emptiness.
botanic n. botanist.
botanika n. botany.
botlamak v. to calve (for camel).
bo n. bank (of a river). EX:
Men kanaly boynda
pikirlenmge durdym. On
the bank of the canal I
stopped to think.
n. height. EX: Men uzyn
boly. I am tall.
boag n. paint, dye.
boalan adj. painted.
boamak v. to paint, to dye.
bobodran n. yarrow (the plant).
bodan-baa adv. head to toe (from ),
from beginning to end.
boda n. peer.
n. friend (between girls).
n. Ref: someone of the same
height.
bonuna atmak v. to blame, to assign re-
sponsibility.
boun almak v. to undertake (i.e. a project).
v. to admit (confess), to con-
fess.
v. to take a responsibility.
boun bolmak v. to be subjugated. Ref: lit.
to be yoked.
boun egdirmek v. to subjugate.
boun egmek v. to obey.
boun egmezlik v. to renounce.
boun n. neck.
bouna adv. according to (i.e. ac-
cording to a plan). EX: Biz
meilnama bouna ile-
dik. We worked according
to the plan.
oun egmek id. resign oneself to.
boun egmek n. resignation.
boun gayrmak n. refuse.
boun gayrmaklyk n. refusal.
boz adj. gray, grey.
adj. uncultivated (i.e. a field).
bozgak n. troublemaker.
bozgu n. eraser.
bozmak v. to terminate.
v. to violate.
v. to break [broke, broken].
v. to commit an offense
(against the law).
v. to erase, to destroy.
v. to ruin.
bozujy n. offender.
bozuk adj. destroyed, broken, ru-
ined.
bozulan adj. perverse.
adj. out of tune, broken, not
working properly.
n. damage.
bozulmak v. to be ruined.
bgrmek v. to roar, to bellow, to howl.
bkdekmek v. to obstruct, to hinder.
bkden n. obstruction, hindrance.
bkme n. leap.
bkmek v. to jump, to leap.
bkp gemek v. to jump over.
bk n. dive.
n. jump, leap.
bkni n. jumper.
blejik n. particle, morsel.
blek n. particle.
n. passage.
n. part, piece, lump, portion,
pool (a share).
blek-blek id. to pieces. EX: Men ka-
gyzy blek-blek etdim. I
tore the paper to pieces.
blek satuw n. retail.
bleklein adj. partial.
bleklein adv. partially.
bleklein satmak v. to retail.
blmek v. to part (divide).
v. to divide.
blmek (szni ) v. to interrupt.
blm n. department, section,
branch, part, compartment.
blme n. section.
blni n. distribution.
blniik n. partition.
blnmen adj. indivisible, inseparable.
blnmezek adj. inseparable.
blmek v. to share.
brek n. Ref: Turkmen pasta stuffed
with meat, similar to ravioli.
bri n. wolf.
brk n. skull cap.
bwet n. dam, dike.
bwrek adj. renal.
n. kidneys.
bwrek etmeziligi adj. renal failure.
bwr n. flank (of a person or ani-
mal), side.
bosagadan tlemek bwr
Turkmen English 29
bwrslen n. blackberry. EX:
Bwrslen mrepbesi.
Blackberry jam.
bwsmek v. to break through, to pene-
trate. EX: Suw bwedi
bwsdi. The water broke
through the dam.
brilliant(r) n. diamond.
Britan n. Britain.
broura(r) n. pamphlet.
bu adj. these.
pron. this, these.
bu gn n. today.
bu tada adv. Ref: lit: this place here.
bu erde adv. here.
bud n. ham.
bufer n. fender.
bug n. steam, vapor.
buga n. bull.
bugarma n. evaporation.
bugarmak v. to evaporate.
v. to steam.
bugda n. wheat.
buglamak v. to steam.
bugly adj. steamy.
bugra n. camel (Bactrian camel).
buhgalter(r) n. bookkeeper, accountant.
bukallym id. hide-and-seek.
bukja n. small case.
n. wardrobe of female
clothes.
n. dowry.
n. envelope.
n. file (i.e. on the computer).
n. folder.
n. package.
bukmak v. to hide (an object) [hid,
hidden].
bukulmak v. to hide (oneself) [hid, hid-
den], to conceal (oneself).
buky adj. hidden.
n. refuge, asylum, hiding.
n. shelter.
bulaga n. troublemaker.
bulamak n. Ref: a type of soup (eaten
during famine).
v. to stir.
v. to beckon (with your
hands).
v. to cause trouble (i.e. be-
tween two people).
v. to mix.
bulam-bujar etmek v. to mix.
bulam-bujar id. upside down, mess.
bulanyk adj. muddy.
bular n. these.
bulayk adj. unclear.
buladyrmak v. to ruffle.
bulamak v. to rove.
bulayk adj. unclear, vague.
adj. unclear.
bulgur n. crystal, crystal ware.
n. wine glass.
bulka n. loaf.
n. roll.
bulut n. cloud.
bulutly adj. cloudy.
buraw n. drill, gimlet.
burawlamak v. to drill (a hole).
burawlajy n. drill-operator.
bur n. angle. EX: 35 gradus
bur. 35 degree angle.
n. corner.
n. pepper.
burda prep. in the corner.
burgy n. beginning of childbirth,
labor pain.
burmak v. to roll.
v. to screw.
v. to turn tight, to fast.
v. to turn up.
v. to pinch.
burun deigi n. nostril.
burun n. nose.
n. Ref: sense of smell.
bus-butin adv. completely.
bulamak v. to be the first to inform.
buluk n. news (good news).
n. Ref: a gift given to the
bringer of good news.
buukmak v. to urinate.
but n. hip.
n. idol.
n. thigh, hip, lap (anatomy).
buterbrod(r) n. sandwich.
buthana n. church.
butparaz n. heathen.
buan n. licorice, sweet root.
buana adv. henceforth, in the fu-
ture, pending.
bumak v. to catch cold.
bura edilen sa n. permanent (wave for
hair).
bura adj. curly, wavy.
n. curl. EX: Bura saly.
Curly haired.
buruk beriji adj. imperitive.
buruk bermek v. to order (command).
buruk formasy n. imperitive form, com-
mand form.
buruk n. command, order.
busan n. pride.
busanly adv. proudly.
busanja adj. proud.
v. to reel (stagger).
busanmak adj. to be proud.
buurma n. order (i.e. in a restaurant,
hotel).
buurmak v. to order (i.e. in a restau-
rant, hotel).
v. to order, to command.
buz dagy n. iceberg.
buz gamak n. ice cream.
buz paltasy n. ice axe.
buz n. ice.
buz eremek v. to thaw.
buzluk n. glacier.
buzly adj. icy.
bwrslen buzly
Turkmen English 30
abga n. thunder storm, rain storm.
adyr n. pavilion, tent.
adyrda aamak v. to camp.
aga n. child, kid, baby.
aga dogrulan hassahana n. maternity hospital.
aga dogurmak v. to give birth (to).
aga kesellerine degili adj. pediatric.
aga lukmany n. pediatrician.
agalamak v. to give birth.
agalar bagy n. kindergarten.
agalar otagy n. nursery.
agalar i n. orphanage.
agalyk n. childhood.
agany stden ayrmak v. to wean.
agasy bolmaan adj. barren (about a woman
or animal).
agyl n. gravel.
agyrmak v. to call for, to summon, to
invite.
ak n. authorization, right. EX:
Bu barrada meni eden
akym ykmaar. I dont
have the right/authorization
to speak about that.
n. guess. EX: Eger sen sora-
gyny jogapyny bilmese,
ak etmeli. If you dont
know the answer to the ques-
tion you should make a guess.
n. limit.
n. moderation. EX: Her
zady aky agy. Every-
thing is good in moderation.
n. probability, likelihood.
n. time, moment. EX: u
aka enli men ony ak-
makmyka diip piker et-
dim. Until this moment I
thought he was an idiot.
ak etmek n. predispose.
v. to guess.
akdanaa adj. excessive.
akdanaa gowy grmek v. to adore.
akdanaa mberde v. to overdose.
bermek
akgan adj. dexterous, agile, quick.
akgy n. pen-knife (swiss army knife).
n. pocket-knife.
aklama n. prognosis.
n. forecast.
aklamak v. to presume.
v. to guess
v. to imagine.
akmak day n. flint.
akmak v. to make something light.
v. to crack (i.e. an egg). EX:
umurtgany akmak. To
crack an egg.
v. to sting [stung, stung].
EX: Ary meni akdy. The
bee stung me.
v. to strike (i.e. a match)
[struck, stuck/stricken]. EX:
Men otlypi akdym. I
struck a match
aknymak v. to fight with, to clash
with.
aknyyk n. fighting.
aksyz adv. absolutely.
aksyz ge adj. adventurous.
akylyk n. invitation.
akylyk haty n. invitation.
akyr adj. dried.
n. wine.
akymak v. to collide with, to run into,
to strike (to run into).
akyza adj. having a headache.
akan n. stinger (i.e. of a bee).
al adj. grey, gray.
n. Ref: beverage made from
camels milk.
ala adj. vague.
adv. barely, slightly.
adv. hardly.
adv. slowly.
ala grmek v. to glimpse.
alaja adv. Ref: see ala.
alam-a n. scattered.
alasowat adj. ignorant,semi-literate.
alasyn adj. instant.
adj. quick, agile.
aldyrmak v. to ventilate.
algy da n. whet stone, sharpening
stone.
C c
id. with ice, covered with ice.
bdremek v. to stumble.
bdr-sdr adj. rough, coarse.
bkmek v. to curve, to bend.
bkr n. humpback, hunchback.
bre n. flea.
brgt n. eagle.
brn keseli n. Addison's Disease.
brn n. bronze.
n. rice.
bs-btin adj. Ref: superlative form of
btin.
btewi adj. integral, entire, inseparable.
btin adj. all, entire, whole.
btindn adj. global, worldwide.
btinle adv. quite.
btnle adj. absolute.
bzme n. drawstring.
n. elastic.
bygy n. saw (the tool).
bygylamak v. to saw (cut with a saw).
bujet(r) n. budget.
buro(r) n. office.
burokrat(r) n. bureaucrat.
burokratia(r) n. bureaucracy.
bdremek algy da
Turkmen English 31
algy ag n. grease (for lubrication).
n. lubricant.
algy n. scythe.
algyrt adv. accent (with an ),
stutter (with a ). EX:
Men trkmene algyrt
geplerin. I speak Turk-
men with an accent.
algyrt n. lisp, stutter.
almak v. to apply (i.e. a cream), to
coat. EX: Ol zine krem
aldy. She put cream on her
face.
v. to play (i.e. an instrument).
EX: Ol dutary gowy
alar. He plays the dutar
well.
v. to sharpen. EX: Ol
pyagy aldy. He sharp-
ened the knife.
v. to slap, to hit [hit, hit].
EX: Mugallym gdek
okuwyny aldy. The
teacher slapped the rude
student.
v. to sweep [swept, swept],
to mow.
alpaw n. puddle.
alpawsuw n. puddle.
alyrmak v. to exchange, to change.
alyrynmak v. to change ones clothes.
alt gutul! intj. Get better quickly!
alt adj. prompt, quick, rapid,
fast.
adv. quickly.
altlandyrmak v. Ref: see altlamak
altlamak v. to accelerate.
altrak barmak v. to zoom.
alt remek v. z to oom.
alykmak v. to dry (i.e. clothes). Ref:
To dry, but not to dry com-
pletely.
alym n. resemblance.
alym etmek v. to resemble
alynmak v. Ref: passive voice form of
almak.
alyma n. transformation.
n. revision (an edit).
n. change, transformation.
n. exchange.
n. pronoun.
alymak v. to replace.
v. to exchange, to change.
alyyk n. exchange.
aman n. lazy, idle, reluctant.
anak n. bowl.
n. kneecap.
n. shell, seashell.
anaklyk n. pelvis.
anaklyk agzalaryny mt. pelvic inflammatory
sowuklama keselleri disease (PID)
anaklyk-but adj. pelvic.
n. pelvis.
a n. dust.
aal n. claw, talon.
n. handful (rare).
ap n. print, printing.
n. stamp, seal.
ap edi n. printing.
ap edi stanogy n. press (for publications).
ap etme n. publication.
ap etmek v. to print, to publish.
ap ii n. printing.
apak almak v. to clap.
apak n. clapping, applause.
apar n. messenger.
apy n. printer (occupation).
n. butcher knife, hatchet.
aphana n. publisher, publishing
house, printer.
apmak v. to chop, to mince.
v. to race, to run [ran, run].
apyk n. fallen tree.
n. scar.
apyksuwar n. jockey.
n. jockey, rider (on a horse).
apyp gitmek v. to rush.
apymak v. to compete with.
apyyk n. race (competition).
apyymak v. to race.
arbag n. large garden.
arh n. wheel.
arkandak adj. bumpy. Ref: covered in
potholes (lit. and fig.).
arlak n. seagull.
arpaa galmak v. to rear up ( a horse), to
rise up (lit. and fig.) [rose,
risen].
arpmak v. to clap, to applaud.
arak n. pitchfork.
arenbe n. Wednesday.
arwa n. nomad.
aryk n. Ref: similar to a moccasin.
ay adj. cross-eyed.
adj. squinting.
ayrmak v. to overthrow.
v. to set up ( a tent), to pitch
( a tent).
v. to knock unconscious.
at n. crack, fissure.
atak adj. confusing, complicated.
atma n. hut, branch and grass hut.
atmak v. to connect. EX: Kom-
puteri internete atdym.
I connected the computer to
the internet.
atmak v. to sew.
atryk n. crossroads, intersection.
aw n. fame.
aw n. glory.
awdary n. rye.
awga n. downpour.
awy almak v. to whisper in someones
ear.
a emesi n. teaspoon (unit of measure).
a n. tea.
aewye n. tip (waiter/waitress).
akamak v. to rinse.
algy ag akamak
Turkmen English 32
v. to sway ( a car or a boat).
alyk n. tip (waiter/waitress)
alyk pul n. tip (waiter/waitress)
alyk pul bermek v. to tip (waiter/waitress)
anek n. teapot.
ayr n. Bermuda grass.
ek(r) n. check. EX: ek bouna
tlemek. Pay by check.
eke durmak v. to stand aside, to stand a
loof.
eker n. drawer.
ekge n. cheek, cheekbone.
ekge sa n. whiskers.
eki n. hammer.
ekilen organ n. quilt.
ekim n. weight.
ekimli ses n. vowel.
ekimlileri belgisi n. umlaut.
ekimlileri sazlaygy n. Ref: vowel harmony.
ekimsiz ses n. consonant.
ekine-ekine adj. timidly.
ekinip adj. timidly.
ekinje adj. shy, embarrassing.
adj. timid.
ekinjelik n. timidity.
n. embarrassment, shyness.
ekinmede id. feel free to, dont be shy.
EX: ekinmede, isln
zadyy iiber. Dont be
shy, eat anything you want.
ekinmek v. to be afraid.
v. to be embarrassed, to be
shy.
ekip ayrmak v. to withdraw.
ekip ykarmak v. to pump.
ekirtge n. locust, grasshopper.
ekime etmek v. to debate.
ekime n. discussion.
ekimek v. to discuss.
ekize n. yogurt.
ekmek v. to pull, to draw (pull), to
yank, to withdraw.
v. to take off.
v. to carry.
v. to weigh.
v. to close, to shut.
v. draw (a picture) [drew,
drawn].
v. to last ( time period). EX:
ygnak iki sagada ekdi.
The meeting lasted two
hours.
v. to lay, to extend. EX:
Olar obamyza suw tur-
basyny ekdiler. They
layed a water pipeline to our
village.
ekmek (kede ) v. to embroider.
ekmek (zne) v. to be inspired.
elek n. barrel.
elpek n. pancake (for weddings).
n. Ref: very thin unleavened
dough that is fried; typically
made for weddings.
em gelen adj. any, any that comes
along, just any. EX: Douz
em gelen zadyny ir. A
pig will eat anything that
comes along.
em adj. appropriate, suitable
(rare).
eme n. spoon.
emeleme n. approach (to a problem).
n. campaign (i.e. political).
emelemek v. to approach (i.e. a problem).
emeli adv. apparently, seems (it ).
EX: Ol gelmen bolmaga
emeli. It seems he is not
coming. OR Apparently he is
not coming.
emen n. banquet.
n. wreath.
emenlik n. meadow.
emesi adv. Ref: see emeli .
emodan(r) n. suitcase.
empion(r) n. champion.
empionat(r) n. championship.
en n. guess, approximation.
en-ak n. Ref: see en.
enden ykma adj. excess.
enden ykmak v. to control (out of ).
enemek v. to aim, to take aim.
enlemek v. to presume.
enli adj. till.
adv. previous to.
prep. up to, until. EX: Men
kanikul birinji gnden
binji gn eenli aljak. I
will take a vacation from
Monday until Friday.
eek n. crochet needle.
n. hook.
ep adj. left.
ep tarap adj. left side.
epbeke n. left-handed person.
eper eser n. fiction.
eper terjime n. literal translation.
eper adj. artistic, creative.
eperilik n. art (fine arts), fine arts.
erdak(r) n. attic, roof.
ernil adj. purple.
ernil(r) n. ink.
es bermek v. to salute.
eme n. source (origin).
n. well (for water)
n. source.
n. spring (i.e. water).
et adj. foreign.
n. edge, outskirts.
et urtda adj. abroad.
ete adj. sideways.
etin adj. hard, difficult.
etki adj. peripheral.
etki nerw ulgany mt. peripheral nervous
system.
etledirilen adj. insulated.
ee adj. flexible, elastic (lit. and fig.).
enemek v. to chew.
alyk enemek
Turkmen English 33
ge n. sand.
ginde prep. within.
k n. range, restriction.
n. scope (scale).
n. bounds.
n. limit.
klendiri n. restriction.
klendirme n. qualification.
n. limitation.
klendirmek v. to restrict.
v. to terminate.
v. to limit.
kmen n. Ref: a type of mens robe.
ksiz n. limitless.
kaka n. Ref: a type of mens shirt
collar that fastens on one side.
re grmek v. to discipline. EX: Erbet
okuwylara re grmeli.
One must discipline bad
students.
re n. celebration.
rek n. quarter (1/4).
ig mal n. feed stock.
n. raw material.
ig adj. raw (uncooked or un-
processed).
igildem n. tulip.
igin damak v. to knot.
igin edip dwmek v. to knot.
igin n. arm (upper).
n. knot (i.e. in a string).
igirmek v. to yelp.
igit n. seed.
iglik n. defect.
n. doubt.
n. rawness, not ripe.
igrek n. chill, cold (illness or
weather).
ilim n. cigarettes.
ilim ekiln mdk n. pipe (for smoking).
ilim ekmek v. to smoke.
inownik n. officer.
iermek v. to stare (at someone).
irik n. cane, reed.
irke n. mosquito.
n. gnat.
i n. lump.
n. tumor.
i (rmek in) n. crochet needle.
iik adj. fat, chubby, overweight,
puffy, swollen.
n. shish kabob.
imek v. to swell.
itim n. knot (in carpet weaving).
len(r) n. member (of a group).
ogdam n. bunch (i.e. flowers), bou-
quet. EX: Gl ogdamy. A
bouquet/bunch of flowers.
n. lock (of hair).
n. pile, heap, dozens.
okga sakgal n. goatee.
okmak v. to peck, to nibble. to bite
[bit, bitten].
v. to sting [stung, stung].
okmaklyk n. peck.
okunmak v. to pray.
omur n. Ref: settled, non-nomadic
person (rare).
opan n. shepherd, cowherd, cow-
boy.
opantelpek n. Ref: a flowering desert
plant.
orba n. soup.
otga n. brush. EX: Di otga.
Toothbrush.
owluk n. great-grandchild.
oun n. cast iron.
ozma n. invasion.
ozmak v. to attack, to assault, to lay
siege to.
ozu n. attack, assault.
kmek v. to kneel [kneeled/knelt,
kneeled, knelt].
v. to go bankrupt.
v. to kneel [kneeled/knelt,
kneeled, knelt].
v. to sink [sank, sunk].
kndi n. deposit (sediment),
sediment.
knmek v. to worship.
l n. desert.
mmek n. summit, peak.
p n. stick, branch (stick).
plemek v. to pick (i.e. cotton, fruit).
v. to gather up, to pick up.
regi bitin eken id. Ref: said after an accident
where you escape unharmed
you are lucky!
regii tapmak v. to earn a living.
rek n. bread, food (Ahal dialect).
reki n. baker.
wre conj. inside-out.
zgt n. decision.
n. solution.
zmek v. wind up, unravel.
v. to decide.
v. to solve.
v. to untie, to unravel.
ukanak n. pit.
ukur n. split (i.e. in a road).
n. hole (pit), pit.
n. pothole.
u adj. profound.
adj. deep (lit. and fig.).
uluk n. depth.
uur adj. profound.
uw adv. completely. EX: Ol
uw ak knekli. He is
dressed completely in white.
mdrme n. plunge.
mdrmek v. to plunge.
mmek v. merge.
mmk n. pinch.
mmklemek v. to pinch.
nki conj. because.
manyly id. wise.
adj. intense.
k n. beak (of a bird).
ge k
Turkmen English 34
n. corner (of a room).
wdrim n. fountain.
n. jet (of water).
n. nail (i.e. for carpentry).
n. pike.
jk adj. pelvic.
lemek v. to hammer, to pound (lit.
and fig.),
to nail.
remek v. to spoil (i.e. food) [spoiled/
spoilt], to rot, to decompose.
rk adj. rotten (fruit), spoiled
(fruit or milk), sour (milk).
rklik n. dental cavities.
e n. bottle.
n. glass (the material).
edki suw n. bottled water.
yban n. boil (i.e. puss filled sore).
n. mosquito.
ydamak v. to put up with.
v. to last, to hold out.
v. to tolerate, to withstand.
ydamly adj. patient.
adj. seasoned.
adj. tolerant.
adj. tough.
adj. hardy, tough, endurance
(possessing ).
ydamlylyk n. tolerance, resistance.
ydamsyz adj. intolerant.
adj. impatient.
ydamsyzlyk n. impatience.
n. intolerance.
yg ekmek v. to absorb (water, cold, ).
yg adj. damp.
n. moisture.
ygly adj. humid, wet, moist.
yglyk n. humidity.
ygyrmak v. to wail.
yk (dayna) v. to get out of.
ykalga n. exit.
ykan adj. married (about a woman).
ykan n. cousin. Ref: if mothers are
sisters.
ykarlan adj. excluded.
ykarma n. output.
n. production.
ykarmak v. to pull out.
v. to export, to let out.
v. to produce.
v. to publish.
v. to pull out, to extract, to
take out of.
v. to take off (i.e. clothes).
ykarylmak v. Ref: passive voice form of
ykarmak.
v. to be married (if a woman).
ykdajy n. costs.
n. expenses.
ykmadyk adj. unmarried, single.
ykmak v. to appear, to materialize.
EX: Zompa, jadyg
ykdy. Suddenly, the magi-
cian appeared/materialized.
v. to climb.
v. to come from.
v. to deviate from.
v. to exit, to leave.
v. to perform (i.e. a play).
v. Ref: used after a gerund to
indicate a completed action.
EX: Men jaymy sprp
ykdym. I am done clean-
ing my room.
ykmak v. to seem, to appear. EX:
Seniki dogry bolup ykar.
It seems you are right.
v. to take off (i.e. clothes)
[take, taken].
ykyntgy n. protrusion.
ykyp durmak v. to protrude.
yky n. speech, presentation, per-
formance. EX: Men kon-
ferensiada yky etdim. I
gave a speech/presentation
at the conference.
v. Ref: gerund form of yk-
mak.
yky dm n. instrumental case.
yky edn n. speaker.
yky etmek v. to perform (i.e. a play).
v. to give a toast, to give a
speech.
ylka n. filet, boneless meat.
ylyrymly adj. complex, complicated,
difficult.
ylyrymly agda (alada) n. problem.
ym adv. really, very. Ref: used
only before words beginning
with a, p, or g. EX: Garpyz
ym gyzyl. The watermelon
is very red (and sweet).
ym-pytrak etmek v. to shatter.
yn bolmak v. to come true.
yn rekden id. sincerely.
yn adj. true.
n. truth.
ysama n. whine.
ysamak v. to whine.
yra n. light bulb.
n. lamp, lantern.
n. light (from a lamp etc.).
yrpmak v. to rinse laundry.
yzawa n. ruler (i.e. for drawing).
yzgy n. plan (a sketch).
n. sketch.
yzgy n. ruler (for drawing).
yzyk n. line (geometric etc).
wdrim yzyk
Turkmen English 35
-da/-de adv. out.
-da/-de prep. in, on, at.
-dan/-den prep. from
daban n. sole (of the foot).
daban azaby n. honest work, manual labor.
dabara n. celebration, ceremony.
dabaralanmak v. to celebrate.
dabaraly yglan etmek v. to proclaim.
dabaraly adj. ceremonial.
adj. solemn.
dabaralylyk n. pomp.
daa(r) n. Ref: vacation cottage.
dadyna etmek v. to save, to rescue.
dag n. mountain.
dagamak v. to break up, to collapse.
v. fall apart, to disintegrate.
dagatmak v. to scatter, to disperse, to
distribute.
daglamak v. to grill, to roast, to brand.
v. to brand.
dagy n. others. EX: Juma dagy
here gitdiler. Juma and
others went to the city.
dagy nme id. of course. Ref: lit: What else?
dagy depesi n. peak.
dahal n. relation, connection (rare).
dahan n. mouth (rare).
dakmak v. to put on (i.e. jewellery).
dalbar n. awning (made with a tree),
arbor.
damagy sowuklamasy mt. pharyngitis.
damak n. pharynx.
n. meal (rare).
n. throat (pharynx).
damar n. vessel (blood ).
n. artery.
n. vein.
damar urgusy n. pulse.
damar urmak v. to pulsate.
damdyrmak v. to drip.
damja n. drop, droplet.
damjalamak v. to drip.
dana n. wise man.
da n. dawn, morning.
dadan n. Ref: see da.
damak v. to bandage.
v. to tie (i.e. a knot).
day n. pack.
n. bandage.
dar adj. narrow.
n. gallows.
darak n. comb.
daramak v. to comb.
dargama n. destruction.
dargamak v. to collapse.
v. to scatter (people or
things).
dartgynly adj. tense, tight (lit. and fig.).
dartgynlyk n. tension, stress (lit. and fig.).
dartmak v. to tense, to tug.
v. to attract, to draw toward
oneself.
v. to jerk, to pull.
dartylma n. gravity.
dary n. millet.
dary armasy n. millet.
darykmak v. to be confused.
v. to be irritated.
v. to be worried.
da [da] adj. cool (slang).
adj. far.
da [da:] n. stone, rock.
da ykarylan er n. quarry.
da ykmak id. to go to the toilet.
v. to go outside.
da tarapky n. exterior.
da rek id. cold hearted. Ref: lit.
stone hearted.
daa dnme n. fossil.
daamak v. to transport.
v. to carry (an object).
daarda prep. outdoors, outside.
daary adj. outward, outer.
adj. foreign.
prep. outside, outdoors.
daary ykmak v. to go outside.
daary urt n. foreign country, overseas
(to be in ).
daary urtda adj. abroad.
daary urtly adj. foreign.
daaryk adv. out.
dadeen n. woodpecker.
dagyn [dagy:n] adj. distant. EX: Dagyn
garanda. Distant relative.
dagyn [dagyn] n. flood.
n. high tide.
dakep n. exterior.
daky adj. outer, outward.
daky grn n. appearance.
daly adj. rocky, stony.
dalyk n. distance. EX: Men gi-
jeden o 50 kilometr da-
lyga getmeli. I must go a
distance of 50 kilometers
before night.
n. remoteness.
damak v. to overflow.
da-twerek n. environment, vicinity.
n. surrounding area.
day n. peel.
daynda n. outside.
dayndan adv. in addition to.
dat n. complaint.
n. flavor.
n. shout.
dat etmek v. to complain.
dat-bidat intj. woe to us, all is lost.
datlamak v. to complain (loudly).
v. to shout (for help).
datly adj. tasty.
datmak v. to bite (to have a ), to
taste, to eat a small amount.
D d
-da/-de datmak
Turkmen English 36
dawa n. dispute, argument, quarrel.
dawayl n. troublemaker.
dawa-jedel dretmek v. to make mischief.
dawake n. troublemaker.
dawalamak v. to quarrel.
v. to be in conflict.
dawaly adj. disputed.
daanmak v. to lean on [leaned, leaned],
to rely on.
v. to recover (from an ill-
ness).
daaw adj. strong, healthy.
dahan n. farmer (farm worker),
peasant.
dahan birleik n. Ref: Soviet-era word col-
lective farm.
dahan hojalygy n. farm.
dahanylyk n. farming.
daow adj. muscular, strong.
day n. Ref: form of address to an
older man.
n. uncle.
daza id. Ref: form to address to an
older woman.
n. aunt.
debut(r) n. opening (i.e. a store).
defect(r) n. defect.
deger-degmez adj. inexpensive, cheap.
adj. meaningless, without
value (of words).
adj. worthless (of a person).
degerli adj. necessary, needed, valid.
adj. weighty.
degip gemek v. to affect.
degirmek v. to touch (intentionally).
degirmen n. mill.
degirmeni n. miller.
degigen n. joker, humorous person.
degili adj. possessive.
adj. appropriate, suitable.
EX: Sen degili adamdan
rugsat almaly. You must
get permission from the
appropriate person.
v. belonging to. EX: Ol ki-
tap maa degili. That
book belongs to me.
prep. relating to, concerning.
EX: Biz ygnakda lagere
degili zatlar barada
gepledik. We talked about
ideas concerning the camp.
degili bolmak v. to belong.
v. to pertain.
degili zat n. posessesion.
degililigi aladan prep. of.
predlog
degililik alymasy n. possessive pronoun.
n. relative pronoun.
degililik dmi n. possessive case.
degililik gosulmasy prep. of.
degime n. joke.
degimek v. to joke.
degme n. touch.
degmek (gaty ) v. offend, upset.
degmek v. to jog.
v. to hit (collide with). EX:
Meni zyan daym gua
degdi. The stone I threw hit
the bird.
v. to touch (unintentionally).
v. to touch upon (an issue).
degirmek v. to check, to verify.
dek adv. calmly, quietly.
adv. just (i.e. just yesterday),
only (i.e. only yesterday).
EX: Aman gullykdan dek
dn geldi. Aman came
from the army only yester-
day. OR Aman came from
the army just yesterday.
adv. like, as if. EX: Hatyyz
Jereniki dek owadan
bolsun. Make your writing
beautiful like Jerens.
Dekabr(r) n. December.
dekan n. dean (of a university).
del adj. foreign, strange.
adj. rare.
delegasia(r) n. delegation.
delil n. argument (intellectual), rea-
soning. EX: u awtory
delili dogry dl. This authors
argument is not correct.
n. evidence.
delillendirmek v. to argue (i.e. to present an
argument), to prove.
dellal n. broker, middleman (rare).
dellek n. barber, beautician.
dellekhana n. beauty salon, barbershop.
dem n. breath, vapor. EX: Igin
dem ala. Take a deep breath.
dem-dyn n. break, rest
dem almak v. to breath, to inhale.
demgysma n. asthma.
demikmek v. to gasp, to suffocate.
demii iine almak v. to inhale.
demir nek n. kettle.
demir n. iron, metal.
demirgazyk adj. northern.
n. north.
demirol n. railroad.
demlemek v. to steep tea.
demokratia(r) n. democracy.
demonstrasia(r) n. demonstration.
de adj. equal, even, same (the ).
de n. tie (in a game).
de dl adj. unequal.
de hasap etmek v. to indentify.
deagramlylygy n. imbalance.
bozulmagy
deagramlylyk n. balance.
n. equilibrium.
deagramsyzlyk n. imbalance.
dedeer adj. almost equal.
dede adj. homogeneous, identical.
de-du n. peer, a person of the same
age.
dawa de-du
Turkmen English 37
dee prep. until. EX: ygnaga
dee iki sagat bar. It is
two hours until the meeting.
deemek v. to compare.
deedirme n. comparison.
deedirmek v. to oppose.
v. to compare.
deiz n. sea.
deizi n. sailor, marine.
deize dklen nebit n. oil slick.
deizi ayrsynda adv. overseas.
delemek v. to be even.
delik n. equality.
desizlik n. inequality.
dep n. drum.
depder n. notebook.
depe adj. top (on of).
n. hill, mound.
depejik n. mound.
depesi n. peak.
depgin n. rate, pace (speed), speed,
rhythm.
depmek v. to kick.
v. to race off (to leave sud-
denly).
deprek n. drum.
der n. sweat.
n. perspiration.
der samak v. to sweat.
derde aramak v. to be useful. Ref: lit. to cure
ones illness. EX: u kitap
bizi derdimize araar.
This book is useful to us.
derdinmek v. to complain.
dere n. valley.
deregine adv. instead of.
dereje n. pedestal.
n. pitch (degree).
n. power (math).
n. degree, level. EX: Meni
kakam okary derejeli
mugallym. My father is a
high level teacher.
derek adv. instead of. EX: Men
saa derek gitjek. I will go
instead of you.
n. information, news.
n. poplar (the tree).
dereksiz adj. worthless (of a person).
dergazap adj. furious, angry.
derhal adv. immediately (rare).
deri n. skin, leather.
derleme n. perspiration.
derlemek v. to perspire.
v. to sweat.
derman n. medicine.
dermanhana n. drugstore.
n. pharmacy.
dermanhanay n. chemist.
dermanhaty n. prescription.
dermanndriji adj. pharmaceutical.
dermansyz adj. organic.
dereme n. trial.
deremek v. to prosecute, to investigate.
derew n. investigation.
derewi n. investigator.
derrew adv. immediately, at once,
right now.
ders n. lesson (in school).
n. manure.
dert n. illness.
n. suffering (emotional).
derways adj. ital, urgent, important,
neessarry.
adn. gate.
derweze n. gate.
n. goal (in sports - the struc-
ture).
dera n. river.
derany guan eri n. mouth of a river.
desga n. structure, building.
deslap adv. initially, first of all.
desse n. bouquet, bunch (i.e. flowers).
dessine adv. immediately, as soon as.
EX: Dostum mze gelen
dessine, biz here getdik.
As soon as my friend arrived at
my house we went to the city.
dessur n. custom, tradition.
deik n. pore.
n. puncture.
n. tissue (cells).
n. hole (pit), hole (in mate-
rial), slit [slit, slit], opening,
orifice.
deikli adj. porous.
demek v. to perforate.
v. to punch (i.e. a hole).
v. to puncture, to make a
hole.
de adv. like. EX: Seni regi
gller de pk bolsun.
May your heart be clean like
flowers.
deus n. villain.
dbe gr adj. traditional.
dde n. father.
dl neg. not, is not.
dli adj. insane, crazy, mad.
dlihana n. insane asylum.
dlilik n. insanity.
dldiremek v. to go crazy.
dliremek v. go insane.
dli-telbe adj. mentally ill (rare).
dne n. grain (i.e. wheat).
n. piece.
dne nmleri n. grain products.
dp n. custom, tradition.
dp-dessr n. tradition, custom.
dri n. gunpowder.
n. powder.
dialect(r) n. dialect.
diametr(r) n. diameter.
dien aly adv. almost. EX: Men a-
hera her gn dien aly
baran. I go to the city al-
most every day.
diger n. piece, chunk (rare).
dee diger
Turkmen English 38
n. sign, trace.
pron. other, another.
dik adj. vertical.
adj. straight (i.e. straight in
front), directly (i.e. directly
in front). EX: Ol meni
omde dik durdy. He
stood straight in front of
me.
adj. straight (not crooked).
EX: olka agajy dik sr.
The New Years tree grows
straight.
dikasman n. zenith.
dikelmek v. to arise, to get up.
v. to set upright.
dikeltmek v. to erect, to straighten up.
v. to renovate, to restore.
dikmek v. to build [built, built].
v. stick in. EX: Men pili
ere dikdim. I stuck the
shovel in the ground.
dikuar n. helicopter.
dil n. language.
n. tongue.
dil bilimi n. linguistics.
dil haty n. certificate.
n. receipt (from a store).
dil sti adj. oral.
dil etiriji adj. offensive.
dil etirmek v. to offend (verbally).
dili n. linguist.
dilden adj. oral, verbal, by word of
mouth.
adv. orally, verbally.
dile getirmek v. to mention.
dileg etmek v. to go to mass.
dileg n. prayer.
n. wish, desire, request.
dilegi n. beggar.
n. Ref: a person asking a favor.
dilemek v. to beg.
v. to pray (for something).
dilewar n. orator, public speaker.
dillemek v. arrange. EX: Biz ertir du-
umaly diip dilledik. We
arranged to meet tomorrow.
dilma n. interpreter.
dilmek v. to cut up.
dilsiz n. silent, dumb.
din n. religion.
dini n. religious person.
dindar adj. pious.
n. religious person.
dine girmek v. to cross into (ie. a region).
dine adv. merely.
dini adj. religious, spiritual.
dini taglymat n. dogma.
dini ynam n. creed.
dinsiz adj. irreligious.
n. atheist.
die adv. just (only), only.
adv. only.
dilemek v. to listen.
dilemezlik n. ignore.
dileji n. listener.
diplom(r) n. diploma.
diplomat(r) n. diplomat.
diplomatic gatnayklar n. tie (diplomatic).
director(r) n. principal (of a school).
direktor(r) n. director.
direg n. prop.
diremek v. to lean against, to push
against.
diri adj. alive, living.
disbalans(r) n. imbalance.
disk(r) n. CD, musical album.
dissertasia(r) n. dissertation.
di n. tooth.
di agyrysy n. toothache.
di otgasy n. toothbrush.
di eti n. gum.
di lukmany n. dentist.
di pasta n. toothpaste.
diemek v. to sharpen (i.e. a saw).
dii etleri n. gums (dental).
dilemek v. to bite [bit, bitten].
diler n. teeth.
dileri arassalamak v. to brush (teeth).
disiz adj. toothless.
disyngar n. toothpick.
diwan(r) n. sofa.
diwar n. wall.
diar n. country (nation), land.
dien ediji adj. obedient.
dien etmek v. to obey.
dien szi gr adv. anyhow.
dien aly id. about (almost), almost.
EX: Biz bu ii gutardyk
dien aly. We are about
finished with this project.
dienii etdirmek v. to press (i.e. ed to do
something).
diili n. pronunciation.
dimek conj. lets say.
v. to pronounce.
v. to say [said, said].
dise adv. very much, very.
dizaner(r) n. designer.
dodak n. lip.
doga okamak v. to go to mass.
doga okamak v. to pray.
doga n. amulet.
n. prayer.
n. spell (magic).
dogan n. elder sibling.
Ref: see gyz dogan or olgan
dogan.
doganoglan n. cousin. Ref: if fathers are
brothers.
doglan gni n. birthday.
doglan eri n. place of birth.
dogmak v. to give birth.
v. to rise (i.e. the sun) [rose,
risen].
dograma n. Ref: Turkmen national dish
made with bread, onion, and
meat.
dik dograma
Turkmen English 39
dogramak v. to chop, to cut up, to mince.
dogruyl adj. frank.
dogrudan-da id. as a matter of fact.
dogrumdan soky adj. postpartum.
dogrusynda adv. about (regarding).
dogru epagat uasy n. midwife.
dogry adj. precise.
adj. proper (suitable).
adj. correct, true, right
(correct), accurate (about
something).
adj. straight (to a place), di-
rectly (to a place).
adv. accurately.
n. correct, true, right
(correct), yeah(yes).
dogry dl adj. wrong.
dogry geplemek v. not mince words.
dogry wagtynda baran adj. punctual.
dogryyl adj. honest.
dogryylyk n. integrity.
dogry hasaplamak v. to agree.
dogrylyk n. precision.
dogryny atmak v. tell the truth.
dogulmak v. to be born.
dogurma enli dwr mt. prenatal period.
dogurmaga ukyply a n. gestation age.
dogurmak v. to give birth.
dok adj. full (of food).
dokalan adj. woven.
dokamak v. to weave [wove, woven].
doklad(r) n. report, academic paper.
dokluk n. satisfaction.
dokma n. loom, textile, weaving.
dokma stanogy n. press (for clothes).
doktor(r) n. physician.
n. doctor (PhD or MD).
dokument(r) n. document, act (law).
dokumental(r) adj. documentary. EX:
Dokumental film.
Documentary film.
dokumentler n. papers
dokuz num to. nine.
doky n. beluga, sturgeon (white ).
dolamak v. turn back, to turn around.
v. to wrap, to wrap up.
dolandyrijy n. manager.
dolandyrma n. management.
dolandyrmak v. to govern, to rule, to man-
age.
dolanmak v. to return, to come back.
dolanuwsyz adj. irreversible (rare).
doldurgy n. object (i.e. grammatical).
doldurmak v. to fill out (i.e. a form).
v. to fill up.
v. to reach, to achieve.
doly adj. absolute.
adj. particular.
adj. full.
adj. whole. EX: Meni zm
doly bir gawuny idym. I
ate the whole melon myself.
adv. quite.
doly dl adj. part-time.
doly yl n. leap year.
don n. traditional Turkmen robe.
adj. frozen (lit. and fig.).
do urek adj. cruel. Ref: lit: cold
hearted.
doak adj. Ref: see do.
doaklyk n. freeze, frost.
dodurma n. ice cream.
domak v. to freeze [froze, frozen].
douz n. pig, hog.
douz eti n. pork.
doy zlmek v. to melt, to thaw.
dost bolmak v. to come together.
dost n. friend, pal.
dostluk n. friendship.
dostlukly adj. friendly.
dostlukly adv. friendly, kindly.
dowam etmek v. to continue, to go on.
dowam n. duration, continuity.
dowamat adv. forever.
dowamly adj. continuous, lengthy.
adj. long (i.e. duration).
dowamly geljek zaman n. tense (future continuous ).
dowamly hzirki zaman n. tense (present continuous ).
dowamly ten zaman n. tense (past continuous ).
dowamlylyk n. duration. EX: ol ki-
nony dowamlylygy
sagat. The duration of that
movie is three hours.
dowamynda adv. during.
dowzah n. hell.
dowzahy n. sinner, infidel.
domak v. to full (to be ).
dkmek v. to dump.
v. to pour out, to leak.
dklmek v. to overflow, to drop, to fall.
dkn n. fertilizer.
dmmek v. to swell up, to abscess.
v. to well up (of emotions) .
dnmek v. to reject, to change.
v. to retract (ones words).
v. to turn back.
dnmek v. to turn.
dnk n. treacherous.
n. traitor (i.e. during a war).
dordinji gn n. Thursday.
dredijilik ii n. creation. Ref: creative works.
dredijilikli adj. creative.
dredi n. creation.
dremek v. to emerge, form (develop),
arise.
dretmek v. to found (i.e. an organiza-
tion), to establish, to create
(i.e. an organization).
drmek v. to search, to look for.
drt num. four.
drtburluk n. square.
drtden bir blegi n. quarter (1/4).
d n. chest, breast (the body part).
dw n. match (i.e. for lighting a fire).
n. monster.
dwlet n. government.
n. state.
n. wealth.
dogramak dwlet
Turkmen English 40
dwlet batutany n. head of state.
dwletara adj. international, intergov-
ernmental.
dwletli adj. prosperous, wealthy.
dwmek v. to pound (i.e. with a
hammer).
v. to break [broke, broken].
EX: Men ksni dwdm.
I broke the teacup.
dwran n. joyful time.
dwrebap adj. modern.
dwrebap biwli adj. fashionable.
dwk adj. broken.
dwk-enjik n. trauma.
dwk-enjiklik adj. traumatic.
dwlje adj. fragile.
dwlmek v. to break (firm objects).
dwm n. piece.
dwn n. joint (in the body).
dwr n. phase, period.
n. time (time period), era,
moment. EX: Biz bagtly
dwrde aaarys. We
live in a happy time. EX:
Meni agalyk dwrm
kyn gedi. My childhood
was difficult.
dwrde n. contemporary.
dwrlein adj. period.
dwrlikli adj. contemporary.
dzmek v. to endure, to stand
(endure) [stood, stood]. EX:
Men owadan tahany kes-
mge dzemok. I cant
endure/stand cutting this
beautiful Tahkya.
dzm k id. fragile (of a person), soft-
hearted.
dzmli adj. staunch, hardy.
dramaturg(r) n. playwright.
dro(r) n. yeast.
dub n. oak.
duhi(r) n. perfume, cologne.
duhowka(r) n. oven.
dul n. widower.
dul adam n. widower.
dul aal n. widow.
duluk n. cheek.
duman n. fog, mist.
dumanly adj. misty, foggy.
duralga n. platform (for a train).
n. stop. EX: Awtobus
duralgasy. Bus stop.
duralmak v. to be cleaned.
v. to clear (i.e. the sky).
duran erii kesgitlemek v. to orient.
durk n. form (shape), appearance
(form).
durlama n. purification.
durlamak v. to purify (i.e. water), to
distill.
v. to rinse.
durmak v. to pause.
v. to stand [stood, stood].
v. to stay.
v. to stop.
durmu adj. vital ( to life).
n. life, lifetime.
durmu derejesi n. standard of living.
durmu gazanynda id. to learn the hard way, to
ganamak become experienced. Ref: lit:
to boil in the kettle of life.
durmua ykan adj. married (said about a
woman).
durmua cykarmak v. to give a daughter in mar-
riage.
durmua ykmak v. to marry (for a woman), to
get married (for a woman).
durna n. crane (bird).
durnukly adj. stable, steady constant,
well-balanced.
durnuklylyk n. stability.
durnuksyz adj. unstable, .unsteady
durnuksyzlyk nj. instability.
duruna adv. entirely.
durumly adj. durable (of cloth).
durup bilmek v. to withstand.
duruzmak v. stop (stop someone).
v. turn off.
dury adj. pure, clear
du n. bath.
n. encounter, meeting.
duak n. fetters
duenbe(lit) n. Monday.
dumak v. to encounter, to meet with.
duman n. enemy.
dumanylyk n. hostility, animosity.
dumanylykly adv. aggressive.
duumak v. to meet [met, met], to en-
counter.
duuyk n. encounter.
n. meeting.
n. reception.
dutar n. Ref: Turkmen traditional
musical instrument.
duwlanmak v. to be buried, to be cov-
ered.
dudansyz adj. abrupt, sudden.
adj. unexpected.
dudansyzlyk bilen adj. abruptly.
dudurmak v. to tell [told, told], to inform.
dudurmak v. to warn.
duduru n. allusion.
n. warning, memo, note.
dugudalyk n. sympathy. EX: Men ol
gyza dugudalyk
bildirrin. I have sympa-
thy for that girl.
dugyr adj. sensitive, perceptive.
dugurlyk n. sensitivity.
dugy n. feeling, emotion.
dumak v. to perceive.
v. to sense, to feel [felt, felt]
(i.e. an emotion or touch).
duulan adj. palpable.
duz n. salt.
duzaga dmek v. to be trapped, to fall into a
trap.
dwlet batutany duzaga dmek
Turkmen English 41
duzak n. trap.
duzak gurmak v. to set a trap [set, set].
duz-rek n. Ref: bread and salt.
duz ergini adj. saline.
duzly adj. salty.
duzsyz n. salt-free.
dkan n. shop, store.
dkany n. clerk, shopkeeper.
dkany eyesi n. stallholder.
dmew n. flu.
dna n. world.
dnewi adj. secular.
dnden tmek v. to die.
dngaray n. world view.
dderme n. flip.
ddermek v. to wreak.
v. to turn into.
v. to turn over, to flip.
dp adv. just. EX: Ol dp dn
geldi. He just came yester-
day.
dr n. pearl.
drbi n. binoculars, opera glasses
(theater).
drli adj. various, different
(various).
drli-drllik n. variety, diversity.
n. diversity.
drs adj. correct, proper.
drtg n. plug (electrical).
n. fork.
drtmek v. to stick in.
v. to incite (to incite some-
one).
v. to poke, to stab.
drtkli adj. porous.
drtp iinden geirmek v. to pierce.
dbi adj. clever.
dd n. spider.
dege gemek v. to go to bed.
dek n. bedding.
n. mattress.
dek salmak v. to make a bed.
deke n. small mattress.
delen ke n. pavement.
delge n. accommodation (home).
demek v. to pave.
dmek v. to come down, to climb
down.
v. to fall out (i.e. teeth).
v. to fall, to fall down.
v. to get off (i.e. a bus).
dnkli adj. understood, obvious,
clear, legible.
dnksiz adj. unclear, misunderstood,
obscure.
dm n. case (grammatical).
dm bilen tgei n. declension.
dndiriji n. interpreter.
dndiri n. explanation, clarification.
dndirmek v. to explain.
dnikli adj. plain.
dnip balamak v. to catch on.
dnimezlik n. misunderstanding.
dnje n. concept, idea, belief, no-
tion, opinion.
n. expertise.
dnmek v. to mean.
v. to perceive.
v. to understand
[understood, understood].
dnmezlik v. to be confused.
dwmek v. to tie up (i.e. a load), to
pack up.
dwn n. knot.
n. joint (in the body).
dwnek n. knot.
n. package.
n. bundle.
dwrtik n. pimple.
dbi n. bottom.
dbinden adj. absolutely.
de n. camel.
degu n. ostrich.
dn n. yesterday.
dn-in adv. recently.
dp n. basement.
n. foundation.
dp ata-baba n. forefather.
dp dereje n. active voice.
dp sz n. root word.
dpgter adv. Fundamentally, totally.
dpli adj. fundamental.
dpli dl adj. material.
dptutan n. ancestor.
drlemek v. to scroll, to wrap.
v. to roll up, to wrap.
drlenen n. scroll.
drmek n. crowd.
d n. dream (during sleep). EX:
Geen gije men onat ds
grdim. Last night I had a
nice dream.
d grmek v. to dream [dreamed/
dreamt, dreamed/dreamt].
de girmek v. dream [dreamed/dreamt,
dreamed/dreamt].
dbinden adj. absolutely.
dz adj. accurate (about something).
n. prairie.
n. valley.
dzedi n. amendment.
dzelmejek adj. incorrigible.
dzelmek v. to heal.
dzeltmek v. to heal (someone else).
dzetmek v. to improve (i.e. a situa-
tion), to accommodate, to
adjust (adjust something), to
mend (i.e. clothes).
dzgn n. principle (foundation).
n. rule, procedure, order.
n. sequence.
n. system.
dzgnli adj. disciplined.
adj. systematic.
dzgnnama n. charter.
n. regulations, statute.
dzlk n. plain, flatlands.
duzak dzlk
Turkmen English 42
dzme n. composition, essay (i.e.
literary).
dzmek v. to mount.
v. to tune (a musical
instrument).
v. to create.
dzk adv. accurately.
dzm n. ingredients, composition
(i.e. ingredients), list.
dworan(r) n. noblemen.
dykgat n. attention.
dykgatly garay n. gaze.
dykgatly adj. attentively.
dykmak v. to put in.
v. to score (of a game).
v. to cram, to stuff.
v. to stick in, to put in.
dyknyyk n. crowd.
dyky n. cork (i.e. in a bottle), plug.
dykylmak v. to obstruct, to butt into.
dym adv. very (Dashoguz dialect).
Ref: This is used only preced-
ing adjectives beginning with
d and g, except in Daoguz,
where is used all the time.
EX: ol gl dym-gyzyl.
That flower is very red.
dym-pytrak adj. scattered.
dymmak v. to grow quiet.
dymmak v. to become muggy.
dymyk adj. hot, stuffy, muggy, hu-
mid. EX: Otagy ii or
dymyk. The inside of the
room is very hot and stuffy.
dymyk adj. voiceless (linguistic term).
dyn n. rest, nap.
dyn almak v. to rest (to take a ), to
nap (to take a ), to relax.
dyn aly seilgahi n. theme park.
dyn gnleri n. weekend.
dyngn n. Sunday.
dynlyk adj. quiet (peaceful).
dyndyrmak v. to turn off.
v. to save (rescue), to rescue.
EX: Tom bizi bu howp-
dan dyndyrdy. Tom saved
us from this danger.
dyngy n. pause.
dyngybelgi n. punctuation mark.
dyngylama n. punctuation.
dyngysyz adj. non-stop.
dynmak v. to avoid, to get rid of.
v. to dispose of, to throw away.
v. to be saved.
dynman adv. constantly. Ref: lit: with-
out rest.
dyrmamak v. to scramble.
dyrmamak v. to climb (i.e. a tree).
dyrmyk n. rake (i.e. for leaves).
dyrnaaklamak v. to scratch.
dyrnak (aagy ) n. toenail.
dyrnak (eli ) n. fingernail.
dyrnak alynan n. nail clippers.
dyrnamak v. to scratch. EX: Piik
elimi dyrnajaklady. The
cat scratched my hand.
dyz n. knee.
dyz epmek v. to kneel [kneeled/knelt,
kneeled/knelt].
dyzamak v. to try
dyzanaklamak v. to crawl.
dyzanak n. patella (knee cap).
ebedi adj. eternal.
adj. perpetual.
ebediledirmek v. to immortalize.
ebedilik n. eternity.
ebete n. approach (i.e. to a prob-
lem), method.
ebti agmak v. to fall apart.
economist(r) n. economics.
edara n. establishment, administration.
n. office.
edara etmek v. to manage.
edebi adj. literary.
edebiat n. literature.
edebiaty n. literary critic, scholar who
studies literature.
edehet n. manners.
eden-etdilik n. chaos, anarchy, arbitrariness.
edep n. breeding, politeness, good
manners.
edep-ekramlylyk n. manners (good ).
edepli adj. well-bred, polite.
adj. organized (about a per-
son).
edeplilik n. politeness, upbringing,
good manners.
edepsiz adj. rude, impolite.
adj. tactless.
edepsizlik n. rudeness.
n. ignorance.
edermen adj. brave, courageous.
edermenlik n. valour, courage, bravery.
edehet n. lifestyle.
edil adv. just (i.e. just yesterday),
exactly.
adv. like (to be like).
adv. exactly.
edil hzir adv. just now.
edil onu zi pron. same (the ).
edil yzyndan adv. immediately after.
edilen id. made of.
edilmek v. to be done. Ref: passive
voice form of etmek.
v. to be made.
edinmek (bir zat) v. to procure, to possess
something.
v. to acquire, to get (for
yourself).
v. to make (something for
oneself).
edip grmek v. to try.
E e
dzme edip grmek
Turkmen English 43
efire bermek v. to broadcast [broadcast,
broadcast].
eger conj. if.
eger-de adv. if only.
egin n. shoulder.
eginba n. clothing.
eginde n. companion.
egin-eik n. clothing, clothes.
eginlek adj. broad shouldered.
eginlik adj. hilly, broken terrain.
egirme-dokma n. spinning and weaving,
textile.
egirmek v. to spin (i.e. yarn) [spun,
spun].
egismek v. to reduce, to diminish.
eglemek v. to delay, to detain, to hold
up.
eglen n. delay, obstruction.
eglenmek v. to be delayed, to be
detained, to linger, to dawdle.
egliik n. compromise.
egliik etmek v. to compromise.
egmek v. to bow.
egnaga n. yoke (for carrying water).
egnini ygyrmak v. to shrug.
egrelmek v. to be bent, to be bowed.
egri adj. bent, crooked, curved.
egri wrm n. labyrinth.
egriji n. spinner (of a yarn).
egrilik adj. curvature.
egsilmek v. to run out, to exhaust.
egsilmez adj. innumerable, endless,
huge.
eje n. mother.
ejeke n. aunt (paternal).
ejelik n. stepmother.
ejem-ogly n. mamas boy.
ejir n. pain, suffering.
n. matyr.
ejirli adj. painful.
ejiz adj. poor,piteous, miserable.
adj. weak.
ejizlemek v. to become weak, to
weaken, to tire.
ekabyr adj. strong, mighty,
powerful.
ekabyr adj. eldest.
ekdi adj. tame, domesticated.
ekeji n. sister-in-law (husbands
older sister).
eken id. turned out to be,
apparently, really.
id. Ref: Used like Once upon
a time it was. EX: Bir bar
eken, bir ok eken Once
it was, once it was not
ekeni id. Ref: see eken.
ekerany n. agriulturist, farmer.
ekeranylyk n. agriculture.
ekerine bermek v. to lease land.
ekin n. plantation (crops).
n. sowing, planting, crops,
garden.
ekinilik n. cultivated area, plantation,
cultivation.
ekipa n. crew.
ekiz n. twins.
eklemek v. to sustain, to care for, to
feed [fed, fed].
eklen n. living, means of support,
means of subsistence.
eklen etmek v. to make a living.
ekleji n. breadwinner.
ekmek v. to plant, to sow.
ekologia(r) n. ecology.
ekran n. screen (i.e. TV screen).
EX: Telewizor ekrany.
Television screen.
ekskawator(r) n. excavator.
ekskursia(r) n. excursion.
ekspedisia(r) n. expedition.
eksperiment(r) adj. experimental.
ekspert(r) n. expert.
eksponat(r) n. exhibit.
eksponirlemek v. to exhibit, to expose.
eksport(r) n. export.
eksportirlemek(urdu v. to export.
dayna ykarmak)
ekspress(r) adj. express (fast).
ekszemplar n. copy, specimen, sample.
ekzamen(r) n. exam, test.
el n. arm.
n. hand.
el batyrmak v. to touch (with a hand).
el bolukda id. at leisure, at one's
convenience.
el arpmak v. to clap, to applaud.
el arpymak v. to clap.
el arpyyk n. applause.
el ekmek v. to renounce.
v. to withdraw, to back away
el degirmek v. to touch (with a hand).
el gatmak v. to steal, to take back.
el gtermek v. to renounce, to take back.
el haly n. carpet.
el ii n. handcraft.
el sermek v. to beg.
el telefon n. mobile phone.
el aglyk n. handkerchief.
el uwmak v. to wash ones hands.
v. to be rid of something.
el-aak n. limbs.
elbetde conj. of course, absolutely.
EX: Elbetde magalam-
dan da aamak agyr. Of
course it is hard to live far
from ones family.
elalgy n. hand towel, washcloth,
napkin.
elde saklamak id. control (keep of), keep
in ones own hands control.
elde asalan adj. handmade.
eldeki adj. tame.
elden geirmek v. to look through.
ele almak n. to possess.
v. to know/ to learn deeply.
v. to take over.
ele dmek v. to be caught (for doing
something wrong).
efire bermek ele dmek
Turkmen English 44
v. to acquire, to fall into
ones hands. EX: Syan
piigi eline ddi. The
mouse fell into the cats
hands.
elek n. sieve.
elek-elek etmek v. to stare.
eliktrik(r) n. power engineer.
elektrik gji n. electricity.
elektrik kabel arkaly n. cable car.
hereket edyan ulag
elektron pota n. email.
elektron pota adresi n. email address.
elektronika(r) n. electronics.
elektronstimulatory n. pacemaker.
elektrostansia(r) n. power station.
el-ele berip adv. hand in hand.
elemek v. sift.
elementar (sada, adj. elementary.
balangy)
elean adj. torn, tattered.
eledirmek v. to sort.
elgarama adj. dependent.
elhen adj. awful, horrible, terrible,
dreadful, abominable, mon-
strous (in size).
adj. powerful, very strong.
elhenlik n. horror, terror.
eli ayk adj. generous. Ref: lit: open
handed.
eli ayklyk n. generosity.
eli agyr adj. unlucky.
eli bo id. free, idle.
id. empty handed.
eli egri n. thief, crook.
eli gysga adj. poor, needy.
eli eil id. skillful, talented, skilled.
eli uka id. poorly paid, with low
income.
elimden gelse id. if it was up to me, if I
can. Ref: lit: if it came from
my hand. EX: Elimden
gelse, men oa elin
adaryn. If it was up to me,
I would tell him personally.
elin adj. fresh.
adj. self, own.
adv. personally. Ref: see
elimden gelse.
elinde baryny etmek v. to do everything in ones
power. EX: Men komekle-
mek in elimde baryny
edrin. I am doing every-
thing in my power to help.
elinden almak v. to take away.
elinden almak v. to revoke.
elinden gelenini etmek v. Ref: see elinde baryny
etmek.
elini gysmak v. to shake hands.
eli aasy n. palm.
eli barmagy n. finger.
elipbi n. alphabet.
eljiremek v. to mince, to be prim.
ellekiledirlen adj. trained (of animals).
ellekiledirmek v. to train (i.e. animals).
ellemek v. to touch (with a hand).
v. to handle, to touch.
ellenmedik adj. innocence.
ellemek v. to shake hands.
ellp barlamak n. palpation.
ellp bolan adj. palpable.
elli num. fifty.
ellik n. gloves, mittens.
elmydam adv. always.
elmydama adv. always, constantly.
eltiji n. delivery person.
eltmek v. to deliver, to hand, to bring.
v. to allow (rare).
v. to lead [led, led], to bring
[brought, brought]. EX: Men
aty seishanana eltdim. I
lead the horse to the stable.
elwan adj. red.
elaglyk n. handkerchief.
eleter adj. accessible, available.
adj. at hand. EX: Puluny
eleter erde goma. Dont
leave your money at hand.
eleterli adj. acceptable, reasonable.
EX: Eleterli baha. Rea-
sonable price.
adj. available (i.e. an apartment).
eletmez adj. impenetrable.
el-z uwulan gap n. wash-stand.
em n. medicine.
emal(r) n. enamel.
emdirmek v. to breast feed.
v. to suckle.
emel n. trick (ruse).
n. profession.
emel etmek v. to trick.
emele gelmek v. to appear (i.e. an organiza-
tion), to come into existence.
emele getirmek v. to create (i.e. an organi-
zation);
to make.
emeli adj. artificial, man-made.
emelli adj. skilled.
adj. cunning.
adj. good.
emelsiz adj. incompetent.
emgek n. illness.
n. suffering. EX: Emgek
bolup gesin. May your
suffering pass soon.
emigrant(r) n. refugee.
emin n. jury.
n. referee.
emir n. emir.
emirlik n. emirate.
emjek n. breast.
n. udder.
emlk n. property (things), assets,
possessions.
emma conj. but, however, whereas.
prep. though.
emmek v. to suckle, to nurse.
emzik n. nipple.
elek emzik
Turkmen English 45
n. pacifier.
enar n. sweet pomegranate.
enay adj. attractive.
eneme adv. much, many, a lot.
endam n. babys tummy.
n. body.
endam-jan n. the whole body.
endik n. habit.
n. skill.
endik etmek v. to become accustomed to.
ene n. grandmother, fathers
mother.
n. mother.
ene-ata n. parents.
enelik n. maternity, motherhood.
energetik adj. energetic.
enni we agany otagy mt. rooming-in.
enjam n. equipment (piece of ),
tool (usually electric).
n. outfit.
ensiklopedia(r) n. encyclopedia.
enalla id. if god wills it.
entejik adv. for a short time. EX:
Men die entejik gara-
dym. I only waited for a
short time.
entek adv. so far. EX: Proekt
entek gowy. The project is
good so far.
adv. still. EX: Sen entek
okaamy? Are you still
reading?
adv. yet. EX: Men bazara
entek gitjek dl. Belki ertir
giderin. I wont go to the
bazaar yet. Maybe I will go
tomorrow.
entek-entekler adv. for a long time.
entemek v. to wander, to roam, to rove.
Ref: This is a negative word in
Turkmen, like loitering is a
negative word for standing
aroundwalk without purpose.
entireklemek v. to reel (to stagger).
eek n. chin.
eek snk n. jawbone.
ek n. strength (rare).
ek amak v. to lose ones strength, to
be unable to pull oneself
together.
emek v. to go towards.
eremek v. to cry, to weep.
v. to complain.
epidemia(r) n. epidemic.
epin n. pleat.
eplemek v. to fold, to bend [bent,
bent].
erbet adj. bad,wicked, vulgar, vice,
evil.
adj. malignant.
adv. poorly.
erbet dl adj. not bad.
erbet waka n. accident.
erbetrk adj. worse.
ergin n. solution, liquid mixture.
erediji n. solvent.
erem bagy n. Garden of Eden.
eremek v. to melt, to thaw.
eretmek v. to melt, to thaw.
erejilik n. solubility.
erik n. apricot.
erjel n. persistent.
adj. active, hard-working.
adj. obstinate (persistent).
erjellik etmek v. to persist.
erjellik n. perserverance, persistence.
erjen adj. persistent.
erk n. freedom, liberty, will.
erkana adv. Freely, unrestricted.
erkek n. male, man.
adj. masculine.
erkek adam n. man.
erkin adj. free.
adj. fluent.
erkinlik n. freedom, liberty.
ertire gomaan adj. obsessive.
ermeni n. Armenian.
erte n. Ref: see ertir.
erteki n. story (narrative), fairy tale,
tale.
erteki otarmak v. tell stories, tell tall tales.
ertir adv. Tomorrow, the next day.
n. morning.
ertirine adv. every morning, during
the morning (habitually).
EX: Men ertirine sagat
sekizde turaryn. I usually
get up at 8 oclock in the
morning.
Ertiriiz hayrly bolsun! id. Good morning!
ertirlik nahar n. breakfast.
esas n. basis, foundation.
n. principle (foundation).
n. reason.
esasan hem adj. especially.
esasan adj. especially, basically,
mainly.
esaslandyrmak v. to establish, to found.
esaslsandyrmak v. to found (i.e. an organiza-
tion).
esassyz adj. baseless.
esasy n. lead (leader).
n. principal.
n. radical.
adj. basic, basically, fundamen-
tally, major, main, primary.
esasy dl adj. secondary.
esbap n. supplies, equipment, tool,
instrument.
esbap n. armor.
eser n. work (written), composi-
tion, novel.
eseri mazmuny n. plot ( of a book).
esger n. soldier, warrior.
esgi n. rag, duster. EX: Ol
tagtany esgi bilen
arassalady. He cleaned the
chalk board with a rag.
enar esgi
Turkmen English 46
eskalator(r) n. escalator.
esli adj. considerable, significant.
EX: Ol esli mukdardaky
puly ogurlady. He stole a
significant amount of
money.
esse n. time (multiplication). EX:
Meni alygym onyky-
dan esse kp. My salary
is three times as much as his.
estrada topary n. pop group.
eek n. donkey, ass.
eek ary n. wasp.
eek aly (ieir) n. beast of burden.
eidi n. hearing.
eik n. clothing.
eitdirip adv. aloud.
eitmek v. to hear [heard, heard], to
overhear.
eret n. prosperity, well-being.
eretli adj. prosperous, happy.
et n. meat.
eta(r) n. story (of a building), floor
(story).
etap n. stage (level), level. EX:
Durmuy agyr etaplary
bar. There are difficult
stages in life.
etek n. edge (i.e. of material).
etiket(r) n. etiquette.
etiketka(r) n. label.
etmek v. to make [made, made], to
do [did, done].
etmi n. offense, wrong. EX: Olar
ony bagylady sebbi
ony etmii kiidi. They
forgave him because his
offense was small.
etnik arassalay n. ethnic cleansing.
etniki(r) adj. ethnic. EX: Etniki
azlyk. Ethnic minority.
etrap n. district, region.
e grmek v. to favor. EX: Men bir
okuwyny e grrin. I
favor one student.
ee n. host.
n. owner, master.
ee bolmak v. to own.
ee bolmaklyk n. posessesion(s).
eeilik n. posessesion, property
(land).
n. ownership.
eeleme n. occupation (i.e. military).
n. posessesion.
eelemek v. to occupy.
v. to take (by force), to con-
quer.
v. to win [won, won].
eelik n. ownership.
eelik dm n. possessive case.
eer n. saddle (for a horse).
eermek v. to follow. EX: Ol meni
maslahatymy eerr. He
is following my advice. Sen
alt rersi. Men seni
yzyy eerip bilmerin.
You walk fast. I cannot fol-
low you.
eermek v. to imitate, to copy.
eesi n. tenant.
ejejik adj. pretty.
ele adv. like that, this way. EX:
Eger sen Ele ile! diip
atsa, olar saa
gaharlanar. If you tell them
Do it this way! they will
be angry with you.
ele-bele adv. ambiguous. Ref: lit: this
way, that way.
elk-belk remek v. to pace.
emen adj. frightful, ominous.
Eran n. Iran.
eranly n. Iranian.
esem intj. umm, maybe, well.
intj. well, so.
ewan n. balcony, terrace, veranda,
porch.
em n. epoch, era.
adv. already, yet. EX: Sen
em ilp baladymy?
Have you already started
working? OR Have you
started working yet?
ezber adj. skillful, talented.
eziji n. oppressor.
ezilmek v. to get wet, to moisten.
eziz adj. dear.
eziz grmek v. to cherish.
eziz grln n. pet (for people).
ezmek v. to oppress.
v. to soak (lit. and fig.).
ezet n. torment, martyr.
bede-jje v. to become friendly.
bermek v. to to pass.
v. offer, serve, give.
dik n. boot.
diki n. shoemaker.
dim n. footstep.
n. phase.
n. step, pace (step), stride.
dimlemek v. to step, to pace, to march,
to measure by foot.
g adj. careful.
adj. watchful.
g bolmak v. to watch out, to be careful.
girt adj. huge, massive, enor-
mous, vast.
girt uly adj. immense.
n. giant.
he n. intonation.

eskalator(r) he
Turkmen English 47
fabrik(r) n. factory, mill, plant.
fakel(r) n. torch.
faks apparaty n. fax machine.
faks(r) n. fax.
fakt(r) n. fact.
fakultet(r) n. academic department.
n. faculty.
familia(r) n. surname, last name.
faner n. plywood.
fantastika(r) n. fantasy.
farangit(r) mt. pharyngitis.
farfor(r) n. china (i.e. dishes), porce-
lain.
farmasewtiki(r) adj. pharmaceutical.
far n. ground meat, minced meat.
fartuk(r) n. apron.
fason(r) n. style.
federasia(r) n. federation.
F f
hli federasia(r)
n. tone.
n. intonation, style. EX:
Eger gogy atjak bolsa,
ilki onu heini
wrenmeli. If you are going
to say a poem, first you must
learn its intonation.
hli adj. every, all, entire.
adj. the whole.
hli gn n. every day.
hli harajatyny n. package holiday.
hli erde n. everywhere.
hli zat n. everything.
hlihalk adj. national, nationwide.
hlumumy adj. general, universal. EX:
Dnde hlumumy para-
hatylyk bolsun! May there
be peace in the world!
hmiyet n. importance, value.
n. significance, meaning.
n. importance.
hmietly adj. important.
hmietli adj. significant, beneficial.
ht n. promise, pledge, oath.
ht etmek v. to promise.
htibar adj. reliable, authentic.
adj. trustworthy, loyal.
htimal adv. probably, possibly, most
likely, likely.
htimallyk n. probability.
htialan adj. perfidious, treacherous.
htialanlyk n. perfidy, treachery.
htnama n. contract.
kelmek v. to deliver.
v. to bring (to bring here).
EX: Her gn men jigimi
mekdepden e kelrin.
Everyday I bring my little
brother home from school.
kitmek v. carry, take away.
v. to take (take somewhere),
to bring (bring somewhere
else). EX: Her gn men
jigimi mekdebe kidrin.
Everyday I bring/take my
little brother to school.
lem n. universe, space (outer
space), world.
lem dolan adj. world-famous.
lem-jahan n. universe, world.
lemgoar n. rainbow.
n. lower chin.
etmek v. to examine (i.e. a patient).
v. to look at.
pet adj. mighty, powerful.
adj. huge.
adj. gross.
pige n. window (Ahal dialect).
pige anasy n. pane.
n. windowpane.
r n. husband.
adj. brave.
n. leader.
re barmak v. to marry (for a woman).
r-al n. husband and wife,
spouses, married couple.
r-hele n. married couple.
rli adj. married (woman).
rsary n. Ref: one of the Turkmen
tribes.
rsiz adj. unmarried (woman),
single.
sgermek v. to regard, to show respect,
to respect.
sgermezilik etmek v. to neglect, to disdain.
sgermezlik n. neglect.
sgermezlik etmek v. to disrespect, to ignore, to
neglect.
gr adj. open, obvious, evident.
gr etmek v. to inform.
grlik n. publicity.
tigir n. tongs.
tia n. caution.
adj. spare.
tiada adj. reserved (catious).
tialandyrma n. insurance.
tialy adj. cautious, careful.
tialyk n. precaution.
n. insurance.
tialyk tlegi n. premium.
tialyk a n. spare part.
tlemek v. to pace, to step. EX:
regi stnden tleme!
Dont step over the bread!
tmek v. Ref: see tlemek.
wmek v. to become reluctant.
v. to react.
v. to hurry.
wmezek adj. reluctant.
wmezlik n. reluctance, slowness,
tardiness.
wmezlik etmek v. to linger.
nek n. eyeglasses.
Turkmen English 48
gabadynda prep. opposite, facing, across
from. EX: Haly muzei
Florida restoranyny
gabadynda. The carpet
museum is across from the
Florida restaurant.
gabahat adj. vicious, terrible.
gabak n. eyelid.
gabamak v. to surround, to siege (lay
to).
gabanja adj. jealous.
gabanjalyk n. jealousy. Ref: i.e. a hus-
band who is jealous about
his wife.
gabarak n. callous.
gabarakly demrew n. herpes.
gabat gelmek v. to be identical. EX: Seni
adanlary mugal-
lymyky bilen gabat ge-
lenok. Your words are not
identical with teachers
words.
gabat gelmen adj. unfit.
gabsa n. door.
n. shutter (i.e. of a window).
gabyk n. peel.
n. rind.
n. scab.
n. shell, husk, bark (tree bark),
skin. EX: umurtga gabyk.
Eggshell. EX: Aga gabyk.
Tree bark. EX: Mekge ga-
byk. Corn husk. EX: Sogan
gabyk. Onion skin.
gabyr n. tomb, grave.
gaa durmak v. to avoid.
v. to avoid, to stay away. EX:
agalar, ilimden,
alkogoldan, narkotikden
gaa duru! Children, stay
away from cigarettes, alco-
hol, and narcotics.
gaalga n. refuge (to take ). re-
treat.
gagak n. refugee.
gagynylyk n. refugee crisis, exodus.
EX: Uru dwrnde
urtda kp gagynylyk
boldy. During the war there
was a large refugee crisis in
the country.
gamak v. to run away.
v. to fall [fell, fallen], to
drop, to fall down. EX:
Men agadan gadym we
aagymy dwdrdim. I
fell out of a tree and broke
my leg.
v. to flee [fled, fled], to es-
cape.
gayp gitmek v. to escape.
gayrmak v. to undermine.
v. to drop, to bring down.
EX: Garpyzy eliden ga-
yrama! Dont drop the
watermelon!
G g
fehtowanie gayrmak
fehtowanie n. fencing.
felder n. nurse (male).
fen(r) n. hair dryer.
ferma(r) n. farm.
ferma (maldarylyk) n. ranch.
fermer(r) n. farmer.
festiwal n. festival.
ferwerk(r) n. fireworks.
fewral(r) n. February.
filarmonia n. Philharmonic.
film(r) n. film, movie.
filologia(r) n. philology.
filosof n. philosopher.
filosofia n. philosophy.
filtr(r) n. filter.
filtrlenen n. filtrate.
fin hammamy n. sauna.
firma(r) n. company, firm.
fiti n. meat pie.
fizik(r) n. physicist.
fizika(r) n. physics.
fiziki(r) n. physical
fiziologia n. physiology.
fizioterapia n. physical therapy.
flomaster(r) n. marker (for drawing etc.).
flot(r) n. fleet
fobia (r) n. phobia.
fokus(r) n. magic trick.
folklor(r) n. folklore.
fonar(r) n. flashlight, lantern.
fond(r) n. fund.
fonetika(r) n. phonetics.
forma(r) n. form (shape).
n. shape.
formula(r) n. formula.
forum(r) n. forum.
fosfat n. phosphate.
fosfor n. phosphorous.
foto(r) n. photo.
fotoapparat n. camera.
fotografia(r) n. photography.
foe n. foyer, lobby.
Fransia n. France.
fransuz dilli n. French.
fransuz adj. French.
fundament n. foundation, basis.
funt (anglia puly) n. pound.
funt sterling(r) n. pound.
futbol(r) n. soccer, football.
futboly n. football/soccer player.
futbolka(r) n. t-shirt.
Turkmen English 49
gadagan adj. banned, prohibited, forbid-
den. EX: Trkmenistanda
narkotik gadagan. In Turk-
menistan narcotics are prohib-
ited/banned/forbidden.
gadagan etme n. prohibition.
gadagan etmek v. to prohibit.
v. to forbid.
gadam basmak v. step.
gadam n. step. EX: Gadamy
batly bolsun. May your step
be strong!
gadym zamanlarda adv. once upon a time, in
ancient times.
gadym adj. ancient.
gadymy adj. prehistoric.
gadymy esger n. knight.
gadymy urp-adat n. hangover.
gadyr bilmez adj. ungrateful.
gadyr n. respect, honor.
n. affection.
gadyr gijesi n. Ref: night of atonement
during Ramadan.
gadyrly adj. dear.
adv. kindly.
gahar n. anger, wrath.
n. resentment.
gahar-gazap n. passion.
n. rage.
gaharja adj. furious.
adj. savage.
adj. wicked, furious, violent.
adj. unkind.
gaharlanmak v. to get angry.
gaharly adj. angry, mad, malicious.
adj. malignant.
adj. morose.
adj. rash (irritation).
gahary gelmek v. to get angry, to resent.
gaharyny getirmek v. to make someone angry.
v. vex.
gahryman n. hero.
gak-gak n. quack.
gak-gak etmek v. to quack.
gakylyk n. phlegm.
gala n. palace.
n. fortress, castle.
galaba n. majority.
galak adj. underdeveloped.
galam n. pencil.
galam gaby n. pencilbox.
galam guty n. pencil box.
galamda n. pen-friend.
n. pen-pal.
galan nahar n. leftovers.
galan-gaan n. rubbish.
galanlar n. rest (the others).
galapyn adv. usually, most of the
time.
galat adj. false, wrong.
galay n. tin.
galdyrmak v. to abolish.
v. to pick up (to raise).
v. to put up.
v. to raise (elevate).
v. to leave (leave behind).
EX: Men kitabymy de
galdyrdym. I left my book
at home.
v. to raise (i.e. a price or
ones hand). EX: Eliizi
galdyry! Raise your hand!
EX: Satyjy pomidory
bahasyny galdyrdy. The
seller raised the price of
tomatoes.
galdyrylmak v. to be elevated.
galerea(r) n. gallery.
galgatmak v. to wave.
galkan grnli mzi n. goiter.
ulalmagy
galkan n. shield (lit. and fig.).
galkyndyrmak v. to renew.
galkynmak v. to rebirth.
v. to be renewed.
galkyny dwri n. Ref: the Renaissance.
galkyny n. revival.
galla n. grain.
gallusinasia(r) n. hallucination.
galmagal n. scandal.
n. uproar.
n. racket, noise.
galmagal etmek v. to make a noise.
galmagally adj. noisy.
galmak [ga:lmak] v. to stay away from.
v. to lose (i.e. a game) [lost,
lost].
v. to miss (i.e. school), to stay
away from. EX: Men
okuwdan galdym. I missed
school. EX: Men resimden
galdym. I missed my flight.
v. to stay.
galmak [galmak] v. to climb.
v. stand up.
galmak v. remain.
galmak v. spread (i.e. dough) [spread,
spread].
v. rise up (lit. and fig.) [rose,
risen].
galo n. rubber.
n. galosh, overshoe.
galp adj. fake, counterfeit, false.
EX: Galp pul. Counterfeit
money.
galpyldy n. quiver.
galstuk(r) n. necktie, tie.
galtak n. wheelbarrow.
galtaman n. robber, thief, bandit.
galtamak v. touch. EX: Kitap depder
galtaypdyr. The book was
touching the notebook.
galyndy n. garbage.
n. hangover.
n. remains.
n. remnant.
n. rubbish.
n. trash.
gadagan galyndy
Turkmen English 50
n. remainder. EX: Sekiz ik
galyndysyz blnr. Two
goes into eight without a
remainder.
galyndylar n. remains.
galy adj. thick.
n. Ref: dowry paid by a
groom to the brides family.
galymak v. cure (to be).
gam ekmek v. suffer, mourn.
gam n. grief.
gama batmak v. grieve.
gama n. sword.
gamburger n. hamburger.
n. sandwich.
gamy n. whip.
gamylamak v. whip.
gam-gussa n. sadness.
gamgyn bolmak v. mourn.
gamgyn adj. grim.
adj. sad.
adj. unhappy.
adj. upset.
n. plaintive.
gamlanmak v. sad (to be ).
gamy n. bamboo.
n. reed.
gan basyy n. blood pressure.
gan n. blood.
n. lineage.
ganamak v. bleed.
ganar n. sack.
ganat n. wing.
gangrena(r) n. gangrene.
ganhor n. killer, murderer.
ganjarmak v. bleed.
ganmak v. drink.
gant n. sugar.
ganybat adj. not bad.
ganym adj. mortal. EX: Ganym
dumany. Mortal enemy.
ganymat adj. mediocre.
ganyny gayrmak v. pale (for a person).
gany reksiz suwuk n. plasma.
blegi
gaa n. saddle (for a donkey).
garak n. hook. EX: Seni egin-
eiklerii ga rakda as-
sana. Please hang your
clothes on the hook.
gaster(r) n. gangster.
gayrak n. hook.
gayrmak v. bend [bent, bent]. EX: Pili
gaty gayrma! Dwersi.
Dont bend the shovel hard!
You will break it.
gap n. packet (container).
n. pot.
n. vessel, container.
n. bag.
gapak n. lid.
gapan gurmak v. trap (set a ).
gapan n. trap.
n. scale (for weighing).
gapana dmek v. trapped (to be ).
gap-anaklar n. kitchenware, dishes.
gapdal n. edge, side, side of the
body.
prep. next to.
gapdalyndan remek v. escort.
gap-ga n. kitchenware, utensils.
n. Ref: see gap-anaklar.
gapgarmak v. fill, package, pack.
gapjyk n. purse, wallet, pocketbook.
gaplama n. preservation.
gaplamak v. preserve.
v. pack, put away. EX: Men
egin-eiklerimi emodana
gapladym. I packed my
clothes in the suitcase.
gapla n. tiger.
gapmak v. catch (i.e. an animal, a
ball) [caught, caught]. EX:
Men topy gapdym. I
caught the ball. EX: Mjek
towany gapdy. The wolf
caught the rabbit.
gapy n. door.
gapyda oturan n. janitor.
gapyllykda stne gelmek v. overtake.
gapyny aan n. janitor.
gapyrga n. rib.
gapyrjak n. case. EX: Piwo gapyrjak.
A case of beer.
gapysy n. gate.
gar n. snow.
gara altyn id. Ref: lit: black gold, oil
(petroleum).
gara adj. black.
adj. dark.
adj. tan.
gara bermek v. to appear (only of people),
to be seen (only of people).
Ref: lit: to cast a shadow.
gara gnler id. hard times
gara i id. manual labor.
gara n. yurt.
garabasma n. nightmare.
garaga n. elm.
garagarga n. raven.
garagol adj. naughty.
n. troublemaker.
garagul n. watchman.
garagu n. epilepsy.
garagu agyryly adj. epileptic.
gara(r) n. garage.
garaky n. robber, thief, bandit.
garakylar topary n. gang.
garakke n. dried melon.
garakl n. lamb with curly hair, astra-
khan.
garalama n. accusation.
n. rough copy.
garalawjy v. prosecutor.
garalmak v. to be considered, to be
examined.
v. to darken, to blacken.
v. to tan.
galyndylar garalmak
Turkmen English 51
garaly n. plum.
garamak v. to regard (i.e. about him).
v. examine, consider.
v. to look after.
v. to look.
garamat n. responsibility (for some-
thing).
garamazdan adv. regardless, despite,in
spite of. EX: Rugsatsyzly-
gyma garamazdan, men
kurs okadaryn. Despite
not having permission, I
teach the class. OR In spite
of not having permission I
teach the class. OR I teach
the class regardless of not
having permission.
garanil n. shotgun.
garantga n. scarecrow.
garaky n. darkness.
garaky gatnamak v. to become night.
garaly adj. dependent.
garamak v. to wait, to expect.
garasyz adj. independent.
garasyzlyk n. independence.
garaylmadyk adj. abrupt.
garaylmadyk adj. unexpected.
garaylmaan adj. unexpected.
garawul n. guard.
garaagyz adj. swarthy, dark skinned.
garay n. relation.
n. outlook, world view, point
of view.
garaz intj. to make a long story
short, all the same. EX: Ga-
raz, meni gezelenjim
agyr boldy. To make a long
story short, my trip was
hard.
garbamak v. to seize.
garbanmak v. to snack.
garda n. brother (lit. and fig.).
garderob(r) n. wardrobe.
garga n. crow, raven.
gargylyk n. necklace.
garjagaz n. snow flake.
garjayk adj. vague.
gark bolmak v. to drown.
garlawa n. swallow (the bird).
garmak v. to mix, to stir.
garpyz n. watermelon.
garramak v. to age.
garry adj. old (i.e. people).
garrylyk adj. geriatric, old age.
garok n. potty-training pot.
gary adj. opposed to.
adv. against, opposed. EX:
Men u pikire gary. I am
opposed to this idea. EX:
Amerikanlar aponlara
gary urudylar. The
Americans fought against
the Japanese.
gary n. reverse.
gary almak v. to meet [met, met], to wel-
come.
gary bolmak v. to oppose.
gary ykmak v. to protest, to oppose, to
object.
gary durmak v. to resist.
gary gitmek v. to oppose.
garyda n. opponent, adversary.
n. opposite of.
garydurma n. resistance.
garylamak v. to receive (guests).
v. to welcome.
garylyk n. protest, objection, obsta-
cle.
garylyk adj. opposed to.
garylyk grkezme n. resistance.
garylyk grkezmek v. to protest.
v. to resist.
garylykly adj. opposite.
garysynda prep. across from, opposite.
EX: Ol meni garysymda
oturar. He is sitting across
from me. OR He is sitting
opposite me.
gartalyk n. old age.
gartaa adj. old (i.e. people).
gartaanlyk n. old age.
gartamak v. to age.
garylmak v. to merge.
garym n. cellar.
n. hole.
n. trench (i.e. in a war),
ditch.
garym-gatym id. upside down.
garymy n. mixture.
garyn n. belly, stomach.
garynda n. relation.
n. relative.
garyndalyk n. relationship.
garyndy n. mixture.
garynja n. ant.
garyp adj. poor.
garyp adj. needy.
garyplyk n. poverty.
garydyrmak v. mix, blend.
garymak v. to be mixed, to be blended.
garyyk adj. miscellaneous.
gassap n. butcher.
gastroektomia n. gastrectomy.
gasyk n. groin.
ga n. eyebrow.
prep. in front of.
gaamak v. to scratch. EX: Haan-da
ol pikerlenende, kellesini
gaaar. When he thinks he
scratches his head.
gat n. layer.
n. page, sheet (i.e. of paper).
n. story, floor, level.
gataltmak v. to increase (i.e. volume).
gatamak v. to freeze.
gatan n. share.
gatlak n. layer.
n. social class.
garaly gatlak
Turkmen English 52
gatlama n. pancake (for weddings).
gatmak v. to mix, to blend.
gatnadyjy n. delivery person.
gatnamak v. to attend. EX: Men her
gn mekdebe gatnaaryn.
I attend school every day.
gatnamak v. to travel (i.e. on a fixed
route). EX: On-birlik mar-
hrutkasy Atabaew kesi-
ni ugrunda gatnaar. The
number 11 marshrutka runs
along Atabaev street.
gatnap bejergi alan n. outpatient.
nsag
gatnama n. presence.
gatnamak v. to part (to take part).
v. to participate.
v. to be present.
gatnayjy n. participant.
n. party (member).
gatnayk n. proportion.
n. relationship.
n. connection, relation.
gatnatmak v. to transport, to ship.
gatnaw n. transit.
n. traffic.
n. relations. EX: Iki urdu-
arasyndaky gatnawlar yl
-yldan sr. Between two
countries relations grow year
by year.
gaty adj. tough.
adj. hard. EX: Almaz i
gaty da. Diamond is the
hardest stone. EX: Men
topy gaty urdym. I struck
the ball hard.
adj. rigid.
adj. very. EX: ol problema
gaty kyn. That problem is
very difficult.
adv. quite.
gaty adv. too.
gaty gaharly adj. furious.
gaty gorkun adj. terrified.
gaty grmek v. to resent, to be offended,
to be insulted.
gaty kne adj. primitive.
gaty sesli adj. loud.
gatyk n. yoghurt.
gatylyk n. rigidity.
gatyr n. mule.
gatyma n. interference.
gatymak v. to interfere, to intervene.
EX: Sen bu mesel
gatyma! Dont interfere in
this problem!
gawan(r) n. harbor.
gawun n. melon.
ga n. storm.
gaa n. rock.
n. cliff.
gaamak v. to embroider.
gay n. scissors.
gaylamak v. to cut (with scissors).
gaduwsyz adj. vigorous.
gadym alymasy n. reflexive pronoun.
gadyp gelme n. return.
gadyp gelmegi n. recurrence.
gadyp gelmek v. to return, to come back.
gady bileti n. return ticket.
gagy etmek v. to worry.
gagy n. sadness, sorrow, grief.
n. worry, concern (worry).
gagy-gam n. pain (grief).
gagylanmak v. to be sad.
gagyly adj. depressing, mournful.
adj. painful.
adj. upset.
adj. sad, worried.
gagyly saz eseri n. requiem.
gakal(r) n. screw.
gaka aary n. wrench.
gamak n. cream.
n. Ref: cream from the top of
milk or yoghurt.
ganag adj. boiled.
ganamadyk suw n. water (not boiled ).
ganamak v. to boil. EX: Suw ganap
balaar. The water is start-
ing to boil.
ganan suw n. boiled water.
ganatmak v. to boil. EX: Suwy gana-
sana. Please boil the water.
ganekeji n. sister-in-law (husbands
older sister).
gara gomak v. to postpone.
gara srilme n. respite.
garat n. self-confidence, zeal.
n. confidence, self-confidence.
n. energy, power.
garat etmek v. to oblige.
garatly adj. brave, zealous.
adj. brave.
gary adj. other, different. EX: Sen
gary urda gmeli. You
must move to another country.
gata-gata adv. several times.
gatadan adv. once more, again.
gatadan dikeltme n. revival.
gatadan dikeltmek v. to rehabilitate.
gatadan guramak v. to reconstruct.
gatadan ilp ykarmak v. to refine (oil).
gatadan ilp ykaran n. refinery.
zawod
gatadan janlandyrma n. resuscitation.
gatadan seretmek v. to review (to go over).
gatalama n. recurrence, relapse, repeti-
tion.
gatalamak v. to review (go over), to
revise, to repeat.
gatalanmak v. recur.
gatalamak (ekilini v. to reflect (on pictures).
gatalamak)
gatalanan adj. recurrent, repetitive.
gatargy n. reply.
n. reply, answer.
n. return (in for).
gatlama gatargy
Turkmen English 53
n. change (from a purchase).
EX: Eger sen 20 TM tle-
se, ol saa 3 TM
gatargy bermeli. If you
pay 20 TM, he should give
you 3 TM in change.
gatarma n. vomit.
gatarmak v. to restore.
v. to return (an item).
v. to recover (from an illness).
v. to re-pour. EX: Imezden
o, ay gatarmagy
adydan ykarma! Before
drinking, dont forget to re-
pour the tea.
gatarmak v. to vomit.
gataran adj. reflective.
gatmak v. to return, to come back.
gayk n. vessel (marine), boat.
gaykda zmek v. to sail.
gayn ata n. father-in-law.
gayn ene n. mother-in-law.
gay n. leather.
gaz n. gas, vapor. EX: Wodorod
gazy. Hydrogen gas.
n. goose.
n. natural gas.
gaz bilen doldurmak v. to inflate.
gaz jay n. kitchen.
gaz skwainasy(r) n. gas well.
Gazagystan n. Kazakhstan
gazal n. Ref: ghazal (a style of
Turkmen poetry).
gazan n. saucepan.
n. very large iron pot.
gazan n. earnings, profit.
gazanmak (stnlik ) v. to achieve. EX: Ol
zni maksadyny
stnlik gazandy. He
achieved his goal.
gazanmak v. to procure.
v. to reach.
v. to earn. EX: Mergen
geen ada z dollar
gazandy. Last month Mer-
gen earned one hundred
dollars. EX: Ol meni hor-
matymy gazandy. He
earned my respect.
gazanylan stnlik n. achievement.
gazap n. wrath.
gazaply adj. violent.
gazet syny n. review (of art, movies or
books).
gazet(r) n. newspaper.
gazlar n. geese.
gazly adj. carbonated.
gazmak v. to mine (landmine, bomb).
v. to dig [dug, dug].
v. to mine (i.e. minerals).
gazna n. fund, treasury.
gazolin n. petrol.
gazon(r) n. lawn.
gazyk n. peg (for a tent).
n. tent pegs.
gazyk kakmak v. peg.
geelge n. pass, mountain pass.
n. passage.
geen adj. past.
adj. previous.
adj. last (i.e. last month),
past. EX: Geen a. Last
month.
geginli adj. popular, in demand. EX:
Fabrikler geginli haryt-
lary ndrmeli. Factories
must produce goods that are
in demand. OR Factories
must produce popular
goods.
gei n. goat.
geilen aralyk n. mileage.
geip gidn adj. temporary.
adj. transient.
geiriji n. gears.
geirijiligi bozulmagy n. obstruction.
geirimli adj. compassionate.
adj. forgiving, charitable.
geirmek v. to transmit.
v. to carry across. EX: Men
jigimi apdan geirdim. I
carried my little brother
across the canal.
v. to forgive [forgave, for-
given]. EX: Meni gnmi
geir! Forgive my sin!
v. to pass.
v. to postpone. EX: Biz
ygnagy ertire geirdik.
We postponed off the meet-
ing until tomorrow.
v. to translate. EX: Szi ilis
dilinden Trmen dilline
geirdim. I translated the
word from English into
Turkmen.
geirmen adj. impenetrable.
gemek (golayndan) v. to pass.
gemek v. to cover (a topic). EX:
Biz ol sapagy em
gedik. We already covered
that topic.
v. to disown.
v. to expire. EX: Meni
wizam basym geer. My
visa will expire soon.
v. to forgive [forgave, for-
given].
v. to get, to find. EX: Ie
gedim. I got a job OR I
found a job.
v. to ignore.
v. to pass (i.e. a date, an
exam). EX: Ol
ekzamenden gedi. He
passed the exam. EX: Ony
doglan gni gedi we hi
kim ony ada salmady.
gatarma gemek
Turkmen English 54
His birthday passed and
nobody remembered.
v. to pass down. EX:
Grogly atly hekaat ata
- babalarymyzdan dilden
gedi. The story called
Gorogly was passed down
orally from our ancestors.
gemeli oly n. process.
gemi n. past.
geda n. poor person.
adj. poor, broke.
gedalyk n. poverty, misery.
gedalyk etmek v. to tramp.
gel-gel adv. after all that. EX: Biz
gezelen in kn taar-
landyk ne ol wagt gel-
gel maynymyz ilemedi.
We prepared a lot for our
trip but after all that the car
didnt work.
gelim-gidim n. coming and going. EX:
Bizi miz hemie
gelim-gidimli. There is
always coming and going at
our house.
gelin n. bride.
n. daughter-in-law.
gelin almak v. to marry (for a man), to
take a wife.
gelinalyjy n. Ref: procession with wed-
ding entourage.
gelinlik wagty n. honeymoon.
gelip ykmak v. to originate.
gelip yky n. lineage.
gelip ykyy n. origin.
gelip gowumak v. to be acquired.
gelip ykmak v. to proceed.
gelimek v. to fit (i.e. clothes).
gelimen adj. unworthy.
geljek n. prospect.
n. future. EX: Mergen ya-
kyn geljekde gelin almaly.
Mergen must take a bride in
the near future.
geljekki adj. future. EX: Geljekki
ekzamenler stnlikli bol-
sun! May you have success
on future exams.
gelmedik adj. absent.
gelmek v. to come [came, come].
gelmiek n. foreigner.
gelneje n. Ref: form of address to a
woman.
n. Ref: sister-in-law (brothers
wife).
gelikli adj. handsome, smart, formal.
EX: Geliki eik. Hand-
some clothes.
geliksiz adj. ugly.
gemirmek v. to gnaw, to nibble.
gemrijiler n. rodents.
gen(r) n. gene.
general(r) n. general.
genetik bozulmagy n. generic disorder.
genetika(r) n. genetics.
genial adj. genius.
genital gerpes(r) n. genital herpes.
genitalia n. genitalia.
genosid(r) n. genocide.
ge adj. strange, queer, surpris-
ing, odd.
ge galmak v. to be surprised, to be
amazed.
ge grmek v. Ref: see ge galmak.
ge gylyk n. whim.
ge hsiet n. whim.
ge waka n. adventure.
ge zat n. miracle.
gee n. council.
geei n. advisor.
geografia(r) n. geography.
geolog(r) n. geologist.
gep n. conversation.
n. gossip.
gepatit n. hepatitis.
gepi n. gossip (the person).
gepe gitmek v. to follow orders.
gep-grr n. rumor.
geplemegi gowy grn n. talkative.
geplemek v. to speak [spoke, spoken],
to talk.
geplemezek adj. mute.
geplemsek n. chatterbox.
gepleik szi n. colloquial word.
gepleik n. broadcast (TV or radio).
n. interview.
n. negotiation.
gepliik adj. oral.
geplemek v. to talk (with someone), to
negotiate.
geplei n. phrase.
gerek adj. brave, strong.
gerdejik n. tablet.
gerden n. shoulder
geregi adj. worth.
gerek adj. required, needed, neces-
sary. EX: Nan taarlamak
in un, duz, suw gerek.
For preparing bread flour,
salt, and water are needed/
required/necessary.
gerek v. to need. EX: Maa kitap
gerek dl. I dont need a
book.
gerekli adj. needed, necessary. EX:
Men gerekli zatlary satyn
aldym. I bought the neces-
sary things.
gerekli zatlar n. necessities.
gerekmejek adj. unnecessary.
gereksiz adj. unnecessary.
geriatric adj. geriatric.
geriatria n. geriatrics.
gerim n. range.
n. scale (scope), scope (scale).
EX: Gi gerimli tasalama.
Wide scale project.
gemeli oly gerim
Turkmen English 55
Germania n. Germany.
germek v. to hang (i.e. curtains).
v. to spread (i.e. wings)
[spread, spread]. EX: Uly
gu ganatlaryny gerip
udy. The large bird spread
its wings and flew.
v. to stretch (i.e. muscles).
EX: Ylgamazdan ,
aaklaryy ger. Before you
run, stretch your legs.
germew n. railing.
geroin(r) n. heroin.
gerpes(r) n. herpes.
geteroseksual(r) adj. heterosexual.
getirmek v. to bring [brought,
brought].
gedirmek v. to clothe.
geim kafy n. wardrobe.
geim n. clothing, outfit.
geinmek v. to dress.
gemek v. to wear [wore, worn].
v. to put on (i.e. clothes).
v. to wear [wore, worn].
gezdirmek v. to guide.
gezek n. time (i.e. number of
times). EX: Men u synpy
hepdede gezek
okadaryn. I teach this
class three times per week.
n. turn (when taking turns).
EX: Atma! Hzir seni
gezegi dl. Dont speak.
Its not your turn now.
gezekledirmek v. to rotate.
gezekleme n. rotation.
gezeklemek v. to take turns, to alternate.
gezelen meilnamasy n. package holiday.
gezelen n. journey, trip, voyage, ex-
cursion.
gezelenji gowy geirmek v. to have a good journey.
gezim etmek v. to walk.
gezim n. walk, stroll.
gezmek v. to travel.
v. stroll, wander.
v. to roam.
v. to stroll, to walk, to wan-
der.
gezmelemek v. to walk back and forth.
ggirmek v. to burp.
gm mnmek v. to board.
gmi n. boat, ship, yacht, vessel
(marine).
n. ship.
gmi duralga n. port.
gmi duralgasy n. pier.
n. sea port, dock.
gmide prep. aboard.
gmini aagetegi n. keel
gmini bortunda prep. aboard.
gi adj. late.
gilik n. evening.
gid(r) n. guide.
gidi bileti n. ticket (one-way).
gidi-gady bileti n. ticket (round trip).
gidn adj. outgoing.
gigiena(r) n. hygiene.
gije rahat bolsun! id. goodnight! Ref: lit: May
the night be comfortable.
gije n. night.
gije-gndiz adv. day and night.
gijemek v. to itch.
gij galmak v. to be late.
giji n. itch.
gijikdirmek v. to linger.
gijilewk n. itch.
n. scabies.
gimn n. anthem, hymn. EX:
Dwlet gimni. National
anthem.
ginekolog(r) n. gynecologist, obstetrician.
ginekologiki(r) adj. gynecologic.
ginekologia(r) n. gynecology.
gingiwit n. gingivitis.
gi bolmak v. to take things easy.
v. to be unconcerned, to be
calm, to be patient .
gi adj. wide, vast.
giden aran adj. widespread.
giden adj. popular.
adv. widely.
gieltmek v. to widen, to expand. EX:
Biz u proekti gieltsek
gowy bolar. It would be
good if we expanded this
project.
gigwrmli adj. well-balanced.
gilik n. latitude.
n. width.
gipertiroidizm n. graves disease.
gipnoz(r) n. hypnotize.
gips n. plaster.
girdeji n. revenue.
n. return (in for).
n. income, profit, earnings.
girdejili adj. profitable.
girdejisiz adj. unprofitable.
girelge n. entry (entryway), entrance.
girew n. pawned item, deposit.
n. mortgage.
girew haty n. mortgage.
girewe gomak v. to mortgage, to deposit.
girewine adj. pawned.
girewine gomak v. to pawn.
giri n. introduction (i.e. to an
essay), opening.
giri ekzamenleri n. entrance exams.
girimek v. to begin, to enter into.
girizmek v. to let in, to bring in.
girme n. admission.
girmek v. to enter, to come in, to
join.
v. to join.
gitmek v. to run [ran, run].
v. to go [went, gone], to
leave [left, left].
Germania gitmek
Turkmen English 56
giew n. son-in-law.
gizlemek v. to hide (hide an object)
[hid, hidden], to conceal
(conceal an object), to cover
something up, to veil.
gizlenmek v. to hide (hide oneself) [hid,
hidden], to conceal (conceal
oneself).
gizlenpeek n. hide-and-seek (the game).
gizlin adj. mysterious.
adj. reserved (cautious).
adj. hidden, secret.
adv. secretly.
n. mystery.
glaucoma n. glaucoma.
globus(r) n. globe.
glukoza(r) n. glucose.
go n. ram.
go igit n. brave young man.
goh n. rag.
n. uproar.
n. noise. EX: ol goh
nme? What is that noise?
goh etmek v. to make a noise.
gohlamak v. to make noise.
gohly adj. noisy.
gohsyz adj. noiseless.
goja adj. old, ancient.
goja n. old man.
gojalyk n. age, old age.
gol n. arm.
n. hand.
n. signature.
n. branch (i.e. of a river).
EX: Garagum derasy
Amu Darany bir goly.
The Garagum river is a
branch of the Amu Dara.
gol ekmek v. to sign (i.e. ones name).
EX: Ol tleg hatyna gol
ekdi. He signed the receipt.
golastynda prep. under the authority of.
EX: Amerikada, hemme
esgerler prezidenti go-
lastynda bolar. In Amer-
ica, all soldiers are under the
authority of the president.
gola adv. approximately, about
(approximately). EX: Meni
synpymda igrim gola
okuwy bar. In my class
there are about 20 students.
gola adv. near, close, about. EX:
Ben Mary herine i go-
la meletini. Ben is the
closest volunteer to Mary
city.
golada adv. recently.
goladaky adj. latter.
golalamak v. to run up.
golalamak v. to come up.
golalyk n. vicinity.
golaynda prep. close to.
gola n. pottery.
goldamak v. to sustain, to maintain, to
promote,
to support (fig.).
goldan n. resort.
goldaw n. support, assistance, aid.
goldaan n. supporter.
golf(r) n. golf.
gollanma n. manual, guide.
gollanma n. textbook.
goltuk n. armpit.
golazma n. manuscript.
gomoseksual(r) adj. homosexual, gay.
gomoseksualizm(r) n. homosexuality.
gomparmak v. to be arrogant, to be con-
ceited.
gompy adj. conceited, vain, arrogant.
adj. presumptuous.
gonada n. gonad.
gonam n. tomb.
gonamylyk n. cemetery, graveyard.
gonmak v. to land. EX: On sany gu
agaa gondylar. Ten birds
landed in the tree.
gonorea n. gonorrhea.
goak n. dandruff.
goras adj. beige.
gouylyk n. neighborhood.
goulyk n. vicinity.
goy n. neighbor.
adj. neighboring.
gour adj. brown.
gour mele renk n. chestnut.
goparmak v. to pull out, to yank.
v. to uproot (fig.).
v. to pull out. EX: Ol a
agajy sebpsiz erden
gopardy. He pulled the
young tree out of the
ground for no reason.
v. to tear off. EX: Ilik
meni paltomdan gopar-
aldy. A button was torn off
of my coat.
gopbamsy adj. Ref: see gompy.
gopgun n. rumble.
gopmak v. to race off (leave sud-
denly).
v. to fall out. EX: Diim
gopdy. My tooth fell out.
v. to happen. EX: Bu erde
nme gopar? What is hap-
pening here?
gopuz n. Jews-harp, mouth harp.
gorag n. guard, escort.
n. preservation.
n. insulation, protection.
goraghana n. preserve.
goraglamak v. to protect, to defend, to
guard.
gorama n. protection
goramak v. to protect, to defend, to
guard, to advocate.
goramak v. to safeguard.
gorajy n. protector.
giew gorajy
Turkmen English 57
gorissa(r) n. mustard.
gorizontal(r) n. horizontal.
gorkak n. coward.
gorkmak v. to scare.
v. to be afraid, to fear.
gorkuly adj. perilous.
gorkun adj. frightening, scary, ominous.
n. monster.
gorkunlyk n. peril.
gorkuzmak v. to threaten.
gorky n. menace.
n. phobia, fear.
n. scare.
gorkyzmak v. to scare, to frighten.
gorkan adj. afraid.
gormon(r) n. hormone.
gorp n. pothole, hole
gospital(r) n. hospital.
go n. property (things).
go dwmek v. pack up.
v. to pack up (i.e. a bag).
goa adj. double (i.e. a pair), pair.
EX: Goa to. A double
wedding.
goa dyrnak n. quotation marks.
goant n. contribution.
goant gomak v. contribute.
goar n. wrist.
gogy adymak v. to recite poems.
gogy n. poem, verse.
n. poem.
goma n. junction.
gomaa n. supplement.
n. supplement, addition,
extra. EX: Gomaa i.
Extra work.
gomak n. plus.
v. to add, to combine. EX:
Iki stne i gosa, b
bolar. If you add two to three
it equals five. EX: Eger gk
reki stne sary rek
gosa, ayl reke
wrler. If you combine blue
and yellow you get green.
gomak belgisi n. plus.
gomaklyk n. addition.
goulma n. interference.
n. suffix.
goulmak v. to be mixed.
v. to reconcile (i.e. after a
fight).
v. to join, to rejoin, to
merge.
v. to reconcile (i.e. after a
divorce). EX: Olar aryly-
andan iki yl so go-
uldylar. They reconciled
two years after they were
divorced.
v. to take part.
goulumak v. to intervene.
goun n. troop (group of soldiers).
goun blmi n. unit (military).
gotan n. pelican.
gotaz n. tassel.
gotur n. scabies.
gowaa n. cotton.
gowak n. cave.
gowga n. battle, fight.
gowak n. weakness.
adj. weak
adv. poorly.
gowaklyk n. weakness.
gowamak v. to relax.
gowatmak v. to weaken.
gowurmak n. present (i.e. give).
v. to present. EX: Uniwer-
siteti rektory maa diplo-
mymy gowurdy. The presi-
dent of the university pre-
sented me with my diploma.
gowulamak v. to improve.
gowulandyrlan adj. improved.
gowulandyrma n. improvement.
gowulandyrmak v. to heal (someone else).
v. to improve.
gowulanmak v. to heal.
v. to improve (oneself).
gowulamak v. to improve.
v. to well (to get).
gowurmak v. to fry.
v. to roast.
gowurylmak n. roast.
gowusy adv. rather.
n. best.
gowumak v. to be reunited.
gowy adj. good.
adv. well.
gowy grmek v. to prefer.
v. to like. EX: Men palowy
gowy grrin. I like palow.
gowy grn adamy n. idol.
gowy ilemek id. operates well.
gowulanmak v. to get better.
gowulyk n. goodness, good.
gowurak adj. better.
gowurma n. preserved meat that was
fried in fat.
gowurmak v. to fry.
goazy adj. serious.
goberili n. issue.
goberilmek v. to be accepted, to be ad-
mitted.
goberilmek v. to be given.
gobermek v. to let in.
v. to omit.
v. to let go [let go, let go], to
release (another), to be re-
lieved (of duty). EX: Ol
pi goberdi. He let go of
the rope. EX: Hemme
hawanlar hawanat
bagyndan goberildiler.
All the animals were released
from the zoo.
v. to miss (i.e. a flight). EX:
Men gij galanym in,
gorissa(r) gobermek
Turkmen English 58
uary reseni goberdim.
Because I was late, I missed
my flight.
v. Ref: used to signify unin-
tentional action. EX:
Olary dawasyny ara-
synda ol kbir pay
szleri adyp goberdi.
During their argument he let
slip some swear words.
gobolsun etmek v. to abolish.
go bolsun etmek v. ring off.
gomak v. to park (a car).
v. to quit [quit, quit].
v. to display. EX: agalar
aulylara hormat
gomaly. Children must
show respect for their eld-
ers.
v. to put [put, put], to place,
to lay [laid, laid], to set (to
place). EX: Ol kitaby
stolu stnde gody. He
put the book on the table.
v. to set aside, to save (i.e.
money). EX: Sen geljek
in pul gomaly. You
must save money for the
future. OR You must set
aside money for the future.
gory adj. dense (i.e. shadows, liq-
uids), dark.
goum n. deposit (in a bank), invest-
ment.
goun n. sheep.
goun eti n. mutton.
goy adj. dark. Ref: see gory.
goza n. cotton ball.
gozgala n. rebellion, rebel, riot, mu-
tiny, uprising.
gozgala turuzmak v. to revolt.
gozgalmaan emlk n. real estate.
gozgalan adj. mobile.
gozgamak v. to move (move some-
thing).
gozganmak v. to move (i.e. objects).
v. to make a commotion.
gozganylyk n. commotion.
gbegene n. obstetrician.
gbek n. navel, bellybutton.
gbek ene n. midwife.
ggn adj. excited, aroused.
gme adj. figurative. EX: u ro-
manda kp gme diller
bar. In this novel there is
lots of figurative language.
adj. nomadic, migratory.
gmek v. to remove.
v. to move (i.e. to another
city). EX: Haan-da men
agakam magalam Mara
gpdi. When I was a
child my family moved to
Mary. EX: G! Please
move!
gmeklik n. removal.
grip getirmek v. to people.
grmek v. to copy. EX: Depder-
leriizde has gara azylan
szleri gcri! Copy the
bold words in your note-
books!
grmek v. to evict, to exile.
v. to move (i.e. objects). EX:
Biz ol kitaplary gr-
meli. We should move
those books.
glik n. migration.
gdek adj. provocative.
adj. rude, impolite, vulgar,
savage, rough.
ggein n. gadfly.
ggermek v to grow, to rise
v to become blue or green
gk adj. blue.
adj. green (of plants).
n. leafy greens.
n. bruise.
n. heaven, sky.
gk grrldisi n. thunder.
gk ot (petruka) n. herb.
gk nm n. vegetable.
gk smlikler n. verdure.
gk satyjy n. greengrocer.
gknar n. opium.
gl n. ornament, design in a
Turkmen carpet.
gle n. calf.
gle eti n. veal.
gmmek (sorag bilen) v. to overwhelm (with ques-
tions).
gmmek v. to bury, to dig into.
gn n. leather.
gndermek v. to dispatch. EX: Ol maa
apary gnderdi. He sent a
messenger to me.
gnezlik n. Ref: yeast (especially yo-
ghurt with yeast in it used to
start yeast culture and make
additional yoghurt).
gni adj. upright.
adj. vertical.
adv. directly (to a place),
straight (to a place).
gni doldurgy n. direct object.
gnburluk n. rectangle.
gnburly adv. rectangular.
gnkdirmek v. to concentrate, to focus
on. EX: Men z sapagymy
hemie grammatika
gnkdirrin. In my class
I always focus on grammar.
v. to direct (to a location).
gnkme n. exercise (i.e. in a text-
book), activity (i.e. in class).
gnlemek v. to be blunt (in speech).
gnmel adj. forthright, direct,
straightforward.
gobolsun etmek gnmel
Turkmen English 59
gnsinden gelmek v. to tell the truth.
gr n. grave.
n. tomb.
gr-bak id. well see.
gresi gelmek v. to miss (long for), to be
homesick. EX: Men ma-
galamy gresim gelr. I
miss my family. OR I am
homesick for my family.
gre n. pupil (in the eye).
n. sight.
greldeli adj. ideal, role model.
gre n. struggle.
n. wrestling (the sport).
gremek v. to wrestle (lit. and fig.).
gr adv. than. EX: u gn
dne gr sowugyrak.
Today is colder than yester-
day.
grgi n. suffering.
grguli adj. poor, unfortunate per-
son.
grgli n. wretch.
grk n. beauty, look (appearance).
grkeziji n. ink.
n. index.
grkezijiler n. rate (speed).
grkezme n. indication.
n. representation.
n. visual.
n. directions (instructions),
instructions.
grkezme alyma n. pronoun (i.e. this, that,
those).
grkezme alymasy n. demonstrative pronoun.
grkezmek v. to show [showed, shown/
showed]. EX: Sen maa
dkana gidiln oly
grkezip bilermi? Will you
show me the road to the store?
v. to exhibit. EX: Okuwy-
lar z bilimlerini olympi-
adada grkezrler. The
students exhibited their
knowledge at the Olympiad.
grkezmek (barmak bilen) v. to point (at/out).
grkezmek v. to present (i.e. show), to
manifest.
v. to represent.
grkni gayrmak v. to mutilate.
grmege adj. nice looking, attractive,
handsome.
grmek v. see [saw, seen], look,
watch, observe.
grmek (ip/yp ) v. to try something. EX:
Men kmelek iip
grdm. I tried eating
mushrooms.
grmeklik v. to be overlooking.
grmge barmak v. come to see.
grnkli adj. picturesque.
adj. prominent.
adj. representative.
grnp duran adj. obvious.
grn n. prospect, outlook.
n. type, sort. EX: Bu
mayny grni owadan.
That type of car is beautiful.
n. view. EX: Serdar
olyny grni owadan.
The view from Serdar oly is
very beautiful.
grji adj. visual.
grlmedik adj. unseen.
grnn n. visible.
grp n. envious person, jealous
person.
grplik n. envy, jealousy. Ref: A de-
sire for someone else not to
have something if you cant
have it.
gr n. vision. EX: Brgdi
gri rn iti. An eagles
vision is very sharp.
adj. visual.
gs-gni adv. Ref: see gni.
g n. meat.
gtergi n. jack (of cards).
gterim n. arrogant person.
n. interest (i.e. on a loan).
EX: ol karz pula her
ylda on gterim mnr.
The interest on that loan is
ten percent per year.
n. percent. EX: edi
gterim. Seven percent.
gterip-gidip bolan n. portable.
gtermek v. to pick up (to raise).
v. to raise (lift).
v. to carry (a name).
v. to carry (an object).
v. to raise, to lift.
gtin adv. back, backward.
gterip bolmajak adj. unmoved.
gwher n. pearl.
gwnayk adj. open-hearted.
gwne degiji n. offender.
adj. offensive.
gwne degmek v. to insult, to give offense.
v. to take pains.
gwne aramly adj. nice.
gwneja adj. proper, appropriate,
right.
gwnetmek v. to persuade, to convince.
gwn galma n. grievance, offense taken.
gwne almak v. to take offense.
gwni ama n. recreation.
gwrni tutu n. posture.
gwre n. torso, body.
gwreli adj. pregnant.
gwreliligi idegi mt. prenatal care.
gwreliligi tmizligi mt. prenatal care.
gwrelilik n. pregnancy.
gwrelilik dwri n. gestation period.
gwrni tutu n. posture.
gwrm n. volume (amount).
gwn n. soul, spirit.
gwn amak v. to enjoy oneself.
gnsinden gelmek gwn amak
Turkmen English 60
gwn bermek v. to fall in love.
gwn etmezlik n. underestimate.
gwne degmek v. to offend. EX: Edepsiz
oglan meni gwnme
degdi. The rude boy of-
fended me. EX: Meni
gwnme degildi. I was
offended.
gwnsiz adj. reluctant.
gws n. breast.
gwslik n. bra, brassiere.
gdk adj. sickly, puny.
g adv. as if, as though.
gz n. eye.
gz etmek v. to make an example out of
someone.
gz etmek v. to show off, to draw at-
tention to oneself.
gz negi n. glasses.
gz gezdirmek v. to look around, to browse.
gz-grtele id. obvious, clear.
gz guwan id. beloved.
gz gypmak v. to wink.
gz hakyndaky ylym n. ophthalmology.
gz hanasy n. orbit.
gz ne getiri n. imagination.
gz ne getirmek v. to imagine.
gz petretmek v. to stare.
gz etmen gi adj. immense.
gz ummak v. to close (eyes), to ignore.
gzbagy n. magician.
gzbagylyk n. hypnosis.
gzbaglamak v. to hypnotize.
gzbagy n. illusionist, hypnotizer.
gzba n. source (origin).
n. origin, beginning.
gzbay n. origin.
gzden geiri n. review (of art, movies or
books).
gzden geirmek v. to review (to go over).
gzden geirmek v. to look over, to scan.
gzden salmak v. to ignore (lack of attention).
gze garasuw inme n. glaucoma.
gze grnme we n. hallucination.
ses eidilme
gze ilmek v. to catch ones eye.
gzedrtme garaky adj. pitch-dark.
gzegi n. observer.
gzegilik n. supervision, observation.
gzegilik etmek v. to control, to overlook
(intentionally).
gzel adj. pretty, nice, beautiful,
magnificent.
gzellik n. beauty.
gzenek n. cage, net.
gzgyny adj. wretched, pitiful, miser-
able, pathetic.
gzi dmek v. to get [got, gotten/got],
acquire.
v. to notice.
gzi etmek v. to be sure, to be certain.
gzleg n. research.
n. search, quest.
n. reconnaissance.
gzlemek v. to look for, to seek
[sought, sought], to search
for, to watch for.
v. to look for, to seek
[sought, sought], to search
for.
gzli kr adj. illiterate, uneducated,
ignorant.
gzorta adj. apparently.
gz garasy n. pupil (in the eye).
gz torly perdesi n. retina.
gzi petretmek v. to stare.
gza n. tear.
gzetim n. view.
n. horizon.
gradus(r) n. degree (i.e. temperature).
grafika(r) n. graph.
gram(r) n. gram.
grammatika(r) n. grammar.
granat(r) n. grenade.
gradanlyk ury n. civil war.
gradanlyk n. civil, civic. EX:
Gradanlyk hukuklary.
Civil rights.
greka(r) n. buckwheat.
grek adj. Greek.
grim(r) n. make-up.
grim etmek v. to put on (i.e. make-up).
grime n. access.
grip(r) n. flu, cold (a ).
gubur n. tomb.
n. grave.
gumak v. to hug, to embrace.
gudaylyga gitmek v. to woo.
gudok n. horn (musical), horn (car
horn).
gudrat n. providence.
n. miracle.
gudratly adj. miraculous.
guduz n. rabies.
n. rabid (lit. and fig.).
guduzlama n. rabies.
guduzlan adj. rabid (lit. and fig.).
gujak n. hug, embrace.
n. armful.
gujaklamak v. to hug, to embrace.
gujaklamak v. to hug.
gujur n. energy, strength.
gul n. slave, servant.
gulak asma n. obedience.
gulak n. ear.
gulak asmak v. to listen, to follow ones
advice, to obey.
gulak asyjy adj. obedient.
gulak gabartmak v. to ignore. EX: Ol maa
(negative form) gulak gabartmady. He
ignored me.
gulak goymak v. to listen.
gulak salmak v. to listen.
gulakasyjy adj. resigned.
gulakhalka n. earring.
gula n. vase.
gululyk n. bondage, slavery.
gulluk n. service (i.e. military),
gwn bermek gulluk
Turkmen English 61
official. EX: Men para-
hatylyk korpusynda gul-
luk edrin. I am doing
service in the Peace Corps.
gulluky n. clerk, office worker, pro-
fessional.
gulp n. handle (i.e. on a teapot).
n. lock. EX: Gapyny
gulpy. Door lock.
gulp urmak v. to lock.
gulpak n. plait, braid, tress.
n. corn silk.
gulplamak v. to lock.
gum n. desert.
n. sand.
gum dek n. mound.
gum piigi n. lynx.
gumalak n. manure.
guman n. doubt.
guman etmek v. to doubt, to predispose.
gumanalyk n. hesitation.
gumanitar dersi n. arts (human).
gumanitar(r) adj. humanitarian.
gumly ol n. lane.
gumry n. turtle dove.
guna n. bud (of a flower).
gundag n. swaddling clothes
gundamak v. to swaddle.
gun gecme n. pardon.
gunsini gecmek v. to pardon.
gunt n. lead (the element).
gupba n. dome.
guragyry n. rheumatism.
gurak adj. dry, arid.
guraklyk n. drought.
gural n. part (for instruments).
n. tool (large tool: shovel,
hoe, etc.), instrument.
gurama n. organization.
guramay n. organizer.
guramaylykly adj. organized.
guramaylykly i n. proceeding.
guramak v. to dry up, to wither, to dry
(i.e. clothes).
v. to organize (i.e. a project).
guran adj. withered.
guratmak v. to dry (i.e. clothes).
gurbaga n. frog.
gurban n. prey, sacrifice.
gurban bolan n. victim.
Gurban baramy n. Ref: Muslim sacrificial feast.
gurban bolmak v. to die, to prey (fall to).
gurbanlyk n. Ref: religious sacrifice.
gurbat n. strength.
guruk n. worm, caterpillar.
gurgun adj. healthy, well, doing fine.
Gurhan n. Koran.
gurjak n. puppet.
n. doll.
gurlu n. structure, system. EX:
Demokratik gurlu. De-
mocratic system.
gurluyk n. construction.
gurluyky n. construction worker,
builder.
gurmak v. to build [built, built].
v. to establish.
gurnak n. club.
gurnalmadyk adj. disorganized.
gurnamak v. to organize (i.e. a project),
to assemble, to establish.
gurp n. power, strength, ability,
wealth.
gurplanmak v. to become strong, to be-
come richer
gursaka n. vest.
guramak v. to surround, to encircle.
guran adj. numb.
gurun n. lead (the element).
gurt n. worm, maggot.
n. ball of dried curds.
gurt(mjek) n. wolf.
gurulmak v. to build (i.e. a city).
gurumak v. to get numb.
gury adj. dry, dried, dehydrated
(i.e. of fruit or melon).
guryagyry n. osteoarthritis.
gusmak v. to regurgitate; to vomit.
gussa n. sorrow, sadness.
gussaly adj. sorrowful
gu n. bird.
gu elegi n. quill.
guak n. seatbelt.
n. belt.
guamak v. to fasten (i.e. a belt).
gutap n. Ref: Turkmen meat pie.
gutaran adj. Ref: Can also be used in a
disparaging manner similar to
washed up, completely (i.e.
completely stupid), finished.
gutarma n. extinction.
gutarmadyk adj. incomplete.
gutarmak v. to wind up.
v. to end, to finish, to com-
plete, to conclude, to be
over. EX: Okuw yl Ma
aynda gutarar. The school
year will end in May. EX:
Men iimi em gu-
tardym. I have already fin-
ished my homework.
gutarnykly adv. completely.
gutarnyksyz adj. endless.
gutarylmadyk adj. unfinished.
gutarylmak v. to be over.
gutlag n. congratulation.
n. welcome.
gutlamak v. to congratulate, to toast.
gutly bolsun! intj. congratulations! May it
be blessed!
gutulma n. recovery.
gutulmak v. to recover (from an ill-
ness), to heal.
gutulmak v. to be rescued.
gutultmak v. to heal (someone else).
guty n. box.
guw n. swan.
guwan n. pride.
gulluky guwan
Turkmen English 62
guwanly adv. proudly.
guwanmak v. to be proud.
v. to admire.
v. to pride (to take ~in).
gugu n. funnel.
gumak v. to pour.
guruk n. tail.
guy n. well (for water).
n. tank (water tank).
guzlamak v. to give birth (of an ani-
mal), to calve.
guzy n. lamb.
gjelemek v. to taunt, to tease.
gjjek n. puppy.
gjk agasy n. puppy. Ref: Mary dialect.
gjk n. dog (Mary dialect), puppy.
gl n. flower.
gl basmak v. to print (fabric with de-
sign).
gl satyjy n. florist.
gl olmak v. pluck.
gli n. florist.
gldrmek v. to make someone laugh.
glek n. comedian.
gler uzli adj. genial.
glgne adj. pink.
glki n. laughter.
glki tutmak v. Ref: see gldrmek.
glkli adj. funny.
glkn adj. funny, zany.
adj. ridiculous.
adj. funny.
glkn waka n. funny story.
glleme n. prosperity.
gllemek v. to bloom.
v. to prosper.
gllen adj. prosperous.
gllp sme n. prosperity.
gllp smek v. to bloom.
v. to prosper.
gllp sn adj. prosperous.
glmek v. to laugh.
gl apragy n. petal.
glzarlyk n. meadow.
gm bol! id. go away!, get out of here!
gm etmek v. to clear off, to remove.
gman n. suspicion, idea.
gman etmek v. to suppose, to guess. EX:
Men ertir howa aylar
diip gman edrin. I
think the weather will be
clear tomorrow.
gmmez n. dome, cupola.
gmmrdemek v. to row.
v. to thunder.
gmmrdi n. thunder.
gmpldi n. gunshot, explosion, rustle.
gmpldemek v. to crash.
gmra adj. busy with, engaged with.
EX: Men o iim bilen
gmra. I am busy with my
homework.
gmrk (gmrkhana) n. customs house, customs
post. EX: Men aeroporty
gmrkhanasynda gara-
maly boldum. I had to wait
at the airport customs post.
gn n. day.
n. sun.
gn geirmek v. to earn a living, to get by.
gn grmek v. Ref: see gn geirmek.
gn gnden adv. day by day.
gn iigi n. daylight.
gn tertibi n. schedule, agenda, timeta-
ble.
gn ama n. sunset.
gnaa n. every other day.
gnbatar n. west.
adj. western.
gnbe-gn adv. daily.
gnde adv. every day.
gnde bir gezek adv. once a day.
gnde bir wagtyna adv. once a day.
gndelik n. journal, daily.
n. diary.
adj. daily. EX: Gndelik
gazeta. The daily newspaper.
gndelik harytlar n. consumer goods.
gndelikhereket n. routine.
gndiz n. daytime.
gndogar n. east.
adj. oriental.
adj. eastern.
gne anmak v. to get sunburned.
gnebakar n. sunflower.
gni dkmek v. to purify (cleanse of sins).
gne n. sunshine.
gn n. sin, fault.
gnkr adj. guilty.
n. sinner.
gnkrleme n. accusation.
gnkrlemek v. to blame, to accuse, to
condemn.
gnkrlemek v. to convict (assign blame).
gnleme n. accusation.
gnli adj. faulty.
gnsiz adj. innocent, blameless.
gni n. date.
gnlerde bir gn adv. once.
gnleri bir gni adv. one day.
gnorta n. south.
adj. southern.
gnortan n. midday, noon.
gnortandan so adj. P.M.
gnortanlyk nahar n. lunch.
gnuzyn adv. all day.
g n. deaf person, deaf and
dumb.
gp adv. right there, right away.
n. large kettle.
gpbi n. quilted jacket.
gplemek v. to boast.
gr adj. bushy (of hair).
adj. thick (i.e. hair, plants)
gri adj. thick (i.e. hair, plants)
grlemek v. to speak, to tell, to give
directions.
grlemek v. to converse (with some-
one).
guwanly grlemek
Turkmen English 63
grr n. conversation, discussion,
talk.
n. rumor.
grr bermek v. to tell (tell about), to retell.
grr etmek v. to relate.
grri n. orator.
grrdelik n. interview.
grrsiz adj. undoubtedly, certainly.
gw n. testimony, confirmation.
gw gemek v. to confirm.
gwwldi n. rumble.
g n. power, strength, might.
n. authority.
n. force (physical).
n. violence.
glendirmek v. to reinforce.
glenmek v. to strengthen (to grow
stronger),
to powerful (to grow more ).
gli adj. violent, vehement, vigor-
ous.
adj. strong, powerful, mighty.
gli ses n. uproar.
gli islemek v. to yearn.
gsz n. abolition.
adj. powerless, mild.
adj. void.
ge n. moth.
gmemek v. to amuse, to fascinate.
gmenje n. hobby, pastime, an activity
to amuse oneself.
gmenmek v. to amuse oneself, to fasci-
nate oneself, to hang out.
gz n. autumn, fall.
gzer n. ford (on a river).
gzeran gazanmak v. to provide (a living).
gzeran n. existence, life.
gybat n. gossip, rumor, slander.
gybat etmek v. to gossip.
gygyrmak v. to shout, to scream, to yell.
gygyrany n. loudmouth.
gyjak n. violin.
n. Ref: fiddle-like Turkmen
musical instrument.
gyjalat n. reproach, blame.
gyjalat bermek v. to blame, to condemn.
gyjyk n. ticklishness.
gyjyklamak v. to tickle.
gykylyk n. noise, scream, uproar,
outcry.
gykylyklamak v. to make noise, wail.
gyl n. hair (one strand).
gyly n. sword, saber.
gylyk n. personality, character
(personality), morals.
gylyk-hsiet n. personality.
gylyksyz adj. wicked.
gymmat adj. expensive, valuable.
gymmatbaha adj. valuable, precious.
gymmatly adj. precious.
adj. luxurious.
gymnastika(r) n. gymnastics.
gymyldamak n. to move (i.e. objects), to stir.
gyn n. scabbard.
gynama n. torture.
gynamak v. to torture.
gynan n. regret, grief, sadness.
n. pity.
gynanly adj. pitiful, pathetic, unfortu-
nate, sorrowful.
adv. regrettably.
gynandyrmak v. to upset.
gynanmak v. to regret.
v. to torture (yourself).
gynansak-da conj. unfortunately, regretta-
bly. EX: Gynansak-da ol
instituta girip bilmedi.
Unfortunately he could not
enter the institute.
gya n. headscarf.
gypmak v. to wink, to blink.
gyr n. steppe.
gyra n. edge, side, margin, verge.
n. shore, bank (i.e. river
bank). EX: Derany gy-
rasy. River bank.
gyra/kenar n. side.
gyra ekilmek v. to step aside (lit. and fig.).
gyraw n. frost.
n. Ref: a type of material.
gyrgy n. hawk, merlin.
gyrgy n. grater.
gyrgyn n. plague, mass death.
gyrgynylyk n. massacre.
Gyrgyzstan n. Kyrgystan
gyrkmak v. to shear. EX: Biz gzde
gounlarymyzy
gyrkarys. In the fall we
shear our sheep.
gyrmak v. to perform an abortion, to
abort (a fetus).
v. to kill, to slaughter.
gyrmyzy adj. red, pink.
gyrpmak v. to blink, to wink.
gyrty n. meadow grass.
gyryk sesli adj. hoarse.
gyrymsy aga n. bush.
gysa n. pincers, pliers.
gysga adj. short, brief.
gysga wagtly n. contemporary.
gysgaldylan szler n. abbreviation.
gysgaltmak v. to shorten.
v. to abridge.
gysgan adj. stingy, greedy, mean.
n. miser.
gysma n. grip.
gysmak v. to put pressure (on some-
one),
to squeeze, to press.
gyssagly adj. urgent.
adv. quickly, hurriedly.
gyssagly agda n. emergency.
gyssamak v. to urge.
gyssanmak v. to hurry, to rush.
gysyk adj. rough.
gysym n. handful, clutch.
gysym (sa) n. lock (i.e. of hair).
gysymlama n. grasp.
grr gysymlama
Turkmen English 64
gysymlamak v. to get pressed.
gysyr adj. barren (about a woman
or animal).
gy n. winter.
gyarmak v. to bend [bent, bent]. EX:
elde agalar gyararlar.
The trees bend in the wind.
v. to lie down [lay down, lain
down].
gyyk adj. curved, crooked.
gyyk adv. indirectly.
gyy ortasy n. midwinter.
gyt adj. rear
gyt adj. scanty.
gyt adj. scarce, lacking (scarcity).
gytak doldurgy n. indirect object.
gytalmak v. to be scarce, to be in short
supply.
gya n. oblique, slanting.
gya bakmak v. to inspect, to spy (look at
in secret).
gyalamak v. to take a shortcut.
gymak v. to cut.
gyz n. girl.
n. daughter.
gyz agtyk n. granddaughter.
gyz ykarmak v. to give a daughter in mar-
riage.
gyz dogan n. older sister, female cousin
(if fathers are brothers).
gyz dogan n. sister (older).
gyz jigi n. sister (younger).
gyz knek n. dress.
gyzamyk n. measles.
gyzarmak v. to redden.
v. to turn red.
gyzdyrmak v. to heat, to warm up.
gyzdyrylan rek n. toast (bread).
gyzga krek n. paddle.
gyzgalaly adj. exciting, intense.
gyzgylt adj. pink.
gyzgyn adj. hot (i.e. liquids, food).
gyzgyn galmak v. to have a fever. EX: Ag-
am onu gyzgyny 40
gradusa galdi. Tonight he
had a fever of 40 degrees.
gyzgynlyk n. heat.
gyzlyk perdesi n. hymen.
gyzma adj. hot-tempered.
gyzmak v. to heat, to warm.
gyzmak prosesi n. heating.
gyzyklamak v. to be interesting.
gyzyklandyrma n. recreation.
gyzyklandyrmak v. to interest.
gyzyklanmak v. to be interested.
gyzykly adj. interesting.
gyzykly bolmak v. to have fun.
gyzyksyz adj. boring.
adj. tiresome.
gyzyl adj. red.
n. gold.
Gyzyl Ha n. Red Cross.
gyzylaak n. flamingo.
gyzylbalyk n. salmon.
gyzylja n. German measles.
n. rubella.
gyzylja dwrtik n. rosacea.
gyzyldek n. esophagus, gullet.
gyzzyrma n. fever, malaria.
habar n. information, message, news.
n. rumor.
habar (gram) n. predicate.
habar beri serideleri n. mass media, media.
habar berme n. notice.
habar bermek v. to notify. Ref: Used when
information is delivered in
person.
habar etmek v. to inform.
habar tutmak v. to get news, to visit.
habar etirmek v. to inform.
habary n. journalist.
habardar n. careful.
habarly adj. informed, aware.
habarly bolmadyk adj. ignorant.
ha n. cross, crucifix. EX: Katolik
dininde ha mhm ny-
any aladar. In the Catho-
lic religion, the crucifix signi-
fies an important symbol.
haan qmrk. when.
haan hem bolsa adv. whenever
haanda conj. while.
hadysa n. event, occurrence, acci-
dent, adventure.
hajat n. necessities.
hajathana n. toilet, bathroom, rest-
room, lavatory.
hajathana kagyzy n. toilet paper.
hajathana gitmek v. to toilet.
hajy n. pilgrim (to mecca).
n. Ref: Muslim person who
has made the pilgrimage to
Mecca.
hayk n. lizard.
hak n. pay.
n. price, payment.
n. right (correct), right (i.e. civil
rights), right (appropriate).
EX: Erkin atmak haky.
The right to free speech.
n. truth.
adj. correct.
hakda adv. about, concerning.
id. regard (in regards to).
haky n. rate (worth).
hakyda n. remembrance, memory.
hakykat n. reality, truth.
hakykaty n. straightforward person,
honest person.
H h
gysymlamak hakykaty
Turkmen English 65
hakykatdan adv. indeed.
hakyky adj. upright.
adj. genuine, real, true, natural.
adv. practically.
id. quite enough (quite true).
hakyna almak v. to hire.
hakyna tutmak v. to hire.
hakyna tutulan adam n. mercenary.
hakynda adv. about (regarding), re-
garding, concerning.
hal n. mole. EX: Ony
znde uly hal bar. There
is a large mole on his face.
n. situation, condition. EX:
Seni haly nahili? How
are you? OR How is your
situation?
hal agda n. mood.
halal adj. honorable, honest.
adj. Ref: permitted by the
Koran.
halamak v. to like.
halas bolmak v. to take refuge, to escape.
halas edilen v. to be saved.
halas etmek v. to save (to rescue).
halas bolmak v. to rid.
halas etmek v. to release (oneself).
halas etmeklik n. rescue.
halat [halat] n. bride price.
n. long robe.
halat [ha:lat] n. moment, time. EX: Iln
halatymda maa psgel
berme! During my work
time dont hinder me. OR
Dont hinder me when I am
working.
n. Ref: miraculous power
(religious word).
n. case, situation. EX:
Dkanda et bolmadyk
halatynda, biz bazara
gideris. In a situtation where
there is no meat at the
buthery, we will go to market.
halk n. citizens, people, popula-
tion, nation.
halk dredijilgi n. folklore.
halk kpligi n. mass.
halk sazy n. folk music.
halk ynamy n. folk belief, superstition.
halka n. rim.
n. loop, circle, link.
halkara n. international.
halkara kody n. international code.
halkara resi n. international flight.
halkylyk n. nationality.
halkyet n. nationality.
halta n. sack (i.e. for grain).
haly n. carpet, rug. Ref: hand-
woven.
haly dokalan gural n. loom.
halya n. rug (small rug).
halyy n. carpet-maker.
halyylyk n. carpet-making.
halys adv. entirely, completely.
halys dbnden adj. totally
halysbolan adj. prostrate.
hal-agda n. living conditions.
ham n. hide (as in animal hide),
skin.
hamala adv. allegedly, supposedly.
hamana adv. as though, like. EX:
Hamana ol dnde
kosmosa uupdyr. In his
dream it was as though he
flew to space.
hammam n. public bath.
hamyr n. paste (for remodeling).
n. dough.
hamyr maa n. sourdough.
maa n. yeast.
hamyr tury n. ferment.
hamyrdan zat biirmek v. to bake.
han n. khan.
n. ruler (political).
hana n. bed (i.e. of a river), course
(i.e. of a river). EX: Der-
any hanasy. River bed.
gram. building, room. EX.
Myhmanhana - Hotel. EX:
Dermanhana- Pharmacy.
EX: Dellekhana- Barber-
shop.
hanjar n. dagger.
hanha intj. here, here it is.
hantama n. expectation.
hantamaylyk n. expectation.
hany intj. well So EX: Hany,
hzir biz nme etmeli? So,
now what should we do?
hanym n. lady, woman. EX:
Hanymlar we jenaplar!
Ladies and gentlemen!
n. Mrs., Miss., madam. EX:
Salam Gulhat hanym.
Hello Mrs. Gulshat.
hapa n. refuse, rubbish, trash.
n. garbage.
adj. unclean.
adj. dirty.
adj. obscene.
hapa bedre n. trash can, garbage can.
hapa bolmak v. to be upset [upset, upset],
to be sad.
hapa salynan bedre n. garbage can.
hapa salynan gap n. trash can, garbage can.
Ref: lit: garbage container.
hapa suw n. water (dirty ).
hapaylyk adj. unsanitary.
n. pollution (about a
person).
hapalama n. pollution.
hapalamak v. to pollute.
v. to dirty (to get something
).
hapalamaklyk n. pollution.
hapa sorujy n. vacuum cleaner.
hapysa adj. negligent.
hakykatdan hapysa
Turkmen English 66
hapysalyk n. pollution.
haraba n. ruins. EX: Men gadymy
Merwdki harabalary
grdim. I saw the ruins at
ancient Merv.
harabaylyk n. ruins.
n. filth.
harabalyklar n. remains.
harajat n. need, requirement.
haram adj. forbidden (by the Ko-
ran).
haram lmek v. Ref: To die of natural
causes, as opposed to being
slaughtered.
harap adj. ruined, destroyed.
haraplamak v. to affect (medicine).
harasat n. hurricane, storm.
haraz n. mill.
harby n. military.
harby enjamlar n. munitions.
harby agda n. martial law.
harby-deiz (gleri) n. naval (navy).
harby-deiz floty n. navy.
harby gmi n. warship.
har n. expenses.
harlamak v. to spend [spent, spent].
harman n. silo, barn, gain storage,
harvest.
harp n. letter (of the alphabet).
harplap atmak v. to spell.
harpma-harp adj. literal.
harpyk n. chaff, husk, peel.
harsydn adj. greedy.
haryt n. product, output (profit),
goods.
has adj. much.
adv. least.
adv. very, extremely.
has aktiw adj. hyperactive.
has at n. proper name.
has az adv. least.
has dogrusy adv. likely.
has gerekli adj. priority.
has kii adj. least.
has kp adv. so many, so much.
hasa [ha:sa] n. gauze, cheesecloth.
hasa [hasa:] n. stick (walking stick), staff
(walking stick), cane (for
walking).
hasaba alynan otag n. registration office.
hasabat n. report. EX: Ii barada
hasabat ber! Give me a
report about your work.
n. account (bank ), bank
account.
hasap alyp barmak v. to score (of a game).
hasap etmek v. to regard (i.e. with
respect).
v. to judge, to reckon, to
abolish.
hasap etmek v. to ignore. EX: Ol meni has-
(negative form) apetmedi. He ignored me.
hasap etmezlik v. to ignore.
hasap n. reckoning.
n. accounting, reckoning.
EX: Sen bu eden ilerie
hasap gemeli bolarsy.
You will have to account for
everything you have done.
n. list, tally.
n. mathematics.
n. score (of a game).
hasapy n. accountant, bookkeeper.
hasaplama n. poll.
hasaplamak v. to total.
v. to calculate.
hasaplaan adj. paid off.
hasaplamak v. to get even, to settle ac-
counts, ton pay out.
v. settle accounts. EX:
Gezelenden so, sen taxi
bilen hasaplamaly. After
the trip you must settle ac-
counts with the taxi driver.
hasaplajy n. meter (for measuring).
hasaply adj. accounted for, settled.
hasrat n. grief, distress, trouble.
hassa n. patient.
adj. unhealthy, sick, ill.
hassahana n. hospital.
hasyl n. harvest, yield.
hasyl bermek v. yield.
hasyl bolmak v. to come to pass, to come
true.
hasyl ndrmek v. to yield.
hasylly adj. abundant, plentiful, fertile.
hasyrdamak v. to rush, to hurry.
haal (haal ot) n. weed.
haam n. weed. EX: Haal ot.
Weed grass.
halamak v. to gasp.
v. to puff (i.e. out of breath).
hat n. message.
n. document.
n. letter.
n. writing, handwriting.
hat azan mayn n. typewriter.
hata gemek v. to miss (not notice).
hata n. error, mistake.
hat alyan dost/jora n. pen-friend, pen pal.
hatar i etmek v. to take a risk.
hatar n. range, rank (row).
n. danger, risk.
hatarly adj. hazardous, dangerous,
risky.
hatarly i etmek v. to venture.
hatda adv. anyway, even though.
EX: Hatda saa mysaly
jogabyny bersem hem al-
y goberipsi. Even
though I gave you the answer
to the exercise, you still made
a mistake.
hatyra n. honor, respect.
n. memory.
hatyra gni n. memorial day.
hawa adv. yes, yeah.
adv. yes.
hapysalyk hawa
Turkmen English 67
hawlamak v. to yap.
haal adj. slow.
adv. slowly.
haal etmn adj. immediate.
adv. immediately.
haat n. fence, yard.
n. railing.
n. fence.
habat n. threat.
habatly adj. defiant.
adj. threatening.
hadamak v. to race.
v. to rush, to hurry.
hadatmak v. to put pressure (on
somebody).
haran galdyrmak v. to amaze.
haran galmak v. to be amazed, to be
astonished, to be left
wondering.
haran n. astonishment, amazement.
haran galma n. rapture.
hasy qmrk. which, what (i.e. color,
day, etc).
hasy hem bolsa adj. any.
hasydyr bir er adv. anywhere.
hasydyr bir ol adv. anywhere.
hasydyr bir zat pron. anything.
hawan n. animal.
hawanat bagy n. zoo.
hawanlary n. veterinary.
lukmanylygy
hawanlary lukmany n. veterinarian.
hawanlary saglygy n. veterinarian.
bouna
hawany dyrnagy n. claw.
n. talon.
hawany murty n. whiskers.
hayn n. traitor, dishonest person.
haynylyk n. provocation.
hayr n. benefit, use.
n. goodness.
n. help, aid.
n. profit.
hayr onda intj. OK.
hayr sahawat n. philanthropy.
hayrlanmak v. to use. EX: Biz u
komputeri her gn
hayrlanas. We use this
computer every day.
hayr-sahawat n. blessings.
n. charity, philanthropy.
hay n. request.
n. please (for a request).
hay etmek v. request.
v. plead for.
hazyna n. treasury, treasure vault (lit.
and fig.).
hazynay n. cashier.
heder n. scare.
hek n. chalk.
hekaa n. story.
hekaa atma n. relation (i.e. in to).
hekaat n. tale, story (narrative).
hekim n. physician.
helk bolmak v. to die.
helkilik n. accident, disaster, emer-
gency.
helkilik agdaynda n. emergency exit.
ykalga
hem adv. also, too. EX: u yl
Juma hem instituta girdi.
This year Juma also entered
the institute. OR This year
Juma entered the institute
too.
conj. and. EX: Teksti dogry
hem labyzly oka. Read the
text correctly and with mel-
ody.
hemaat n. assistance, support.
hemie adv. usually, generally,
always.
hemieki adj. usual, regular, normal,
standard.
hemielik adv. forever, eternal, perma-
nent.
hemme adj. every, all (every).
hemme kii n. everybody.
hemme erde n. everywhere.
hemme zat n. everything.
hemmeler n. everyone, everybody.
hemmeler in ayk n. public (open to all).
hemmeleri nde adv. public (in ).
hemmmiz n. all of us.
hemra n. satellite.
n. companion.
heniz adv. still, yet. EX: Ol
henizem u tada
aaarmy? Does he still
live here?
he n. mold, mildew.
n. tune, melody.
hepde n. week.
hepde soy n. weekend.
hepdelik adv. one week. EX: Hepdelik
gezelen. A one-week trip.
adv. weekly. EX: Men hep-
delik kurs okadaryn. I
teach a weekly course.
her adj. each, every.
her a adv. every month.
her bir adj. each, every, single. EX:
Mekdebimizde her bir
okuwy ilise okaar. In
our school every single stu-
dent studies English.
her bir adam n. everybody.
her drli adj. a variety of, all sorts of,
miscellaneous. EX: Men
universitetde her drli
sapaklar okadym. At uni-
versity I studied a variety of
different subjects.
her gezek adv. every time, each time.
her gn adv. daily.
adv. every day.
her haan adv. whenever.
her hasy adj. each.
hawlamak her hasy
Turkmen English 68
her hili adj. every type of, many dif-
ferent kinds of. EX: ol
dkanda her hili sji bar.
In that store there are many
different kinds of candy.
her kes pro. anyone, anybody.
her kim n. everyone, everybody.
her kii pro. anyone.
her ne adv. no matter how many, no
matter how much, as many
times as. EX: Mugallym
okuwa her ne
dndirse hem okuwy
dnmer. No matter
how many times the teacher
explains to the student, the
student does not understand.
her niik conj. however, nonetheless.
EX: Biz yadadyk, ne, her
niik hem bolsa, bu ii gu-
tarsak gowy bolar. We are
tired; nonetheless, it will be
good if we finish this work.
her niik-de bolsa adv. all the same.
her tsllik n. variety.
her wagt adv. each time.
hereket n. action, movement, act,
operation. EX: Emin ag-
zalary gymnastlary her
bir hereketini synlaarlar.
The judges watch the gym-
nasts every action/
movement.
hereket etmek v. to move, to act, to oper-
ate. EX: Hereket etse
emersi. If you move,
you will not be cold.
hereketden galmak v. to paralyze.
hereketlendirijisiz uar n. glider.
hereketlenn adj. mobile.
hereketli adj. active, energetic.
hereketsiz adj. inactive.
adj. rigid, motionless.
hergiz adv. never, in no way.
hern adv. anyway, in any case.
adv. fortunately.
adv. Ref: used to express
desire, I hope. EX: Hern
ol geledir. I hope I win.
hetdenaa adj. excessive
hegenek n. scrambled eggs.
hekel n. statue.
hezil n. pleasure.
n. fun, enjoyment.
hezil bermek v. to rejoice.
hezil bolmak v. to enjoy oneself, to have
fun.
hezilini grmek v. to enjoy oneself.
hezillik n. enjoyment.
n. pleasure.
hezzet n. honor, respect.
n. hospitality.
hkim n. ruler.
n. mayor.
hkimiet n. power.
hkimlik n. mayors office, administra-
tion. EX: Mary heri
hakimligi. Mary city ad-
ministration OR Mary city
mayors office.
hli adv. recently.
hsiet n. character (personality),
trait, personality. EX: Ony
hsieti rn oat. His
character is very good. EX:
Myhmanserlik gowy
hsiet. Hospitality is a
good trait.
hsiet n. property (characteristics).
n. qualification.
n. quality.
n. temper.
hsietli adj. intrinsic.
hzir adv. just now, now, at once,
at present.
conj. while.
hzir! intj. wait a moment!
hzir bolmak v. to be careful.
hziri znde adv. just now.
hzirki adj. modern.
hzirki wagt n. present (time).
hzirki wagta adv. at present.
hzirki zaman adj. up-to-date, modern.
n. present tense.
hi neg. none, not, no.
hi bir wagt adv. never.
hi bolmanda adv. least (at).
hi haan adv. never.
hi hasy adv. neither.
hi hili n. none, not at all. EX: u
kino hi hili gyzykly dl.
This film is not interesting.
hi kes n. nobody, no one.
hi kim n. no one, nobody.
hi wagt adv. never.
id. by no means.
hi erde adv. nowhere.
hi zat n. nothing.
num. zero.
hikirdemek v. to giggle.
hikirdi n. snicker.
hil n. quality. EX: ol halyny
hili okary. That carpet is
high quality.
n. type, kind, sort. EX:
Trkmen dilinde iki hili
ekimli sesler bar, ine we
ogyn. In the Turkmen
language there are two types
of vowels, thin and thick.
n. qualification.
hile n. cunning, craftiness.
hilegr n. cunning fellow, dodger,
knave.
hilegrlik n. affection.
himikatsyz (nmler) n. organic (products).
himiki(r) adj. chemical.
himia(r) n. chemistry.
her hili himia(r)
Turkmen English 69
Hindi adj. Indian (i.e. from India),
Indian (Native American).
Hindistan n. India.
hiildik n. swing. EX: Gurban
Baramda biz hiildikde
uarys. During Gurban
Baram we ride on swings.
hoja n. holy man
hojalyk n. economy. EX: Bazar
hojalygy. Market economy.
n. household. EX: u
obada, 25 hojalyk bar. In
this village there are 25
households.
n. sector (economic ). EX:
Nebit hojalygy. The oil
sector of the economy.
hojalyk harytlarydkany n. hardware store.
hojalyky n. manager (of a household).
hojayn (adam) n. owner, host.
hojayn (aal) n. owner, hostess, mistress.
hojayn n. master.
hokke(r) n. hockey.
hol adv. there, right there.
holodilnik(r) n. refrigerator.
hondan bri adj. vain.
hopukmak v. to pant.
v. to gasp.
hor adj. thin (i.e. people or animals).
adj. slim.
adv. scrawny.
horaz n. rooster, cock.
horlamak v. to snore, to torment.
horlanmak v. to lose weight.
v. to suffer, to be in need.
horluk n. suffering.
hormat n. respect, honor
n. regard,reverence.
hormatlamak v. to respect, to honor.
hormatlanan adj. respectful.
hormatly adj. honorary.
adj. respectable,respected.
hossar n. relative.
ho adj. good.
intj. fine, OK.
intj. goodbye.
ho geldiiz! intj. welcome!
ho onda intj. OK.
hoa n. bunch, cluster.
hoal adj. satisfactory.
hoallyk n. gratitude.
n. pleasure.
hobo ys n. perfume.
hogwn adj. kind.
holamak v. to say good-bye.
holayk adj. parting.
honietli adj. benevolent.
howa n. air.
n. weather.
adj. aerial.
howa bilen bagly adj. aerial.
howadaky adj. aerial.
howay adj. meaningless. EX: Biz
dun howay grr et-
dik. Yesterday we made
meaningless conversation.
howdan n. pond.
howlukma n. rash (i.e. without
thinking).
howlukma adv. hasty.
howlukmalyk n. haste.
howlukmak v. to press (i.e. ~ed for time).
v. to hurry, to rush.
howly n. yard.
howp n. risk.
n. threat, danger, menace.
howp salmak v. to danger (place in), to
threaten (place in danger), to
menace.
howpa duar bolmak v. to jeopardize.
howp-hatar n. danger.
howply agda n. hazard.
howply adj. malignant.
adj. unsafe, dangerous,
treacherous.
howpsuz dl adj. unsafe.
howpsuz adj. safe, secure.
howpsuzlyk n. safety, security.
howsala n. panic.
n. uneasiness (in animals),
alarm.
howul-hara taarlamak v. to improvise.
howandar n. patron, protector, relative.
howatyr adj. fear, anxiety, apprehension.
howatyrlanmak v. to fear, to beware of.
howuz n. pond, pool.
howuz n. reservoir, tank (water tank).
hoz n. nut.
n. walnut.
hdr n. invitation, offer.
n. suggestion.
hdrleme n. recommendation.
hdrlemek n. tender.
v. to nominate, to recom-
mend. EX: 2004-nji ylda,
Demokratlar prezidentlige
John Kerrini hdrlediler.
In 2004, the Democrats
nominated John Kerry for
president.
v. to offer (food).
v. to offer. EX: Ol maa
ilim hdrledi. He of-
fered me a cigarette.
hkman adj. undoubtedly.
adj. mandatory, required.
EX: ol duuyk hk-
manmy? Is that meeting
mandatory/required?
adv. must. EX: Men hk-
man gitmeli. I must go.
hkman dl adj. unnecessary.
hkmnde adv. as. EX: Ben, men seni
mugallymym hkmnde
grrin. Ben, I see you as
my teacher.
hkm n. order (command), com-
mand.
n. power.
n. verdict.
Hindi hkm
Turkmen English 70
hkm etmek v. to order (i.e. by a judge).
hkm srmek v. to reign.
hkm srmek dwri n. reign.
hkmet n. government.
hwes n. enthusiam, fascination,
interest (fascination), wish,
desire, zest, passion, voca-
tion. EX: Hwes bilen.
With desire/interest.
n. mission.
hwes bilen adj. willing.
hwesek adj. inspired, enthusiastic,
eager, keen(eager).
adj. inspired, enthusiastic,
eager, keen.
hwesje n. passionate.
adj. enthusiastic, keen(eager).
hweslendirme n. recreation.
hweslendirmek v. to motivate, to encourage.
hweslenmek v. to be interested.
hwesli adj. eager.
adj. voluntary, vehement.
hwessiz adj. unwilling.
hwrtge n. nest.
hwrtgelemek v. to nest.
hzir n. pleasure.
hristian(r) adj. Christian.
Huda n. Allah, God.
huda oly n. charity.
huday haky in! id. (for goodness') sake.
hudaa okunma n. prayer.
hudaa okunmak v. to pray (Christian).
hudaa sede etmek v. to pray.
hudaa kr intj. Praise be to Allah!
hudahon adj. holy.
hudaoly n. memorial feast, ritual sac-
rifice, religious sacrifice.
hudonik(r) n. artist.
hudonik n. painter.
hukuk n. law (subject). EX: Halkara
hukugy. International law.
n. right (i.e. civil rights). EX:
Adam hukuklary. Human
rights.
hurma n. date, persimmon.
hurma agajy n. date palm (tree).
huru n. cooked meat or fat.
hususan adj. particular.
hususy adj. personal, private. EX:
Hususy komputer. Personal
computer. EX: Hususy
firma. Private business.
n. own.
husyz adj. unconscious.
husyzlyk n. unconsciousness.
hut adv. exactly. EX: Hut
elemi? Exactly like that?
hut zi id. personally.
hjre n. a small room.
hjm n. attack, raid.
hjm etmek v. to attack, to raid.
hmmet n. value. EX: ewrony
hmmeti 1.25 dollar. The
Euros value is 1.25 dollars.
hmrdi n. the sound of talking,
murmur.
hmrdemek v. grumble, to growl.
hnr n. trade, skill, job, occupa-
tion, profession, career.
hnrli adj. professional.
adj. skilled (i.e. a craftsman).
hnrmen n. specialist.
hnrment n. Ref: see hnrmen.
hnji n. beads, pearl.
hrdemek v. to murmur, to mutter.
hrdi n. murmur.
hrdemek v. to scold.
hgr n. watchfulness.
adj. cautious, watchful, alert.
hgr bolmak v. to be careful.
hgrlik n. vigilance.
n. caution.
hwdi n. lullaby.
hyjuw n. passion, zest.
n. passion.
hykgyldy n. groan.
hykyrdamak v. to chuckle, to giggle.
hyrlamak v. to growl.
hyrsyz adj. morose.
hyrydar n. shopper, consumer.
hyryn-dykyn adj. crowded.
hyta n. China.
adj. Chinese.
n. thought (idea), idea.
n. wish.
n. purpose.
adj. imaginary.
hyal etmek v. to mean.
v. to imagine.
hyal wrtmek v. to fantasize, to daydream.
hyaly adj. mental.
hyanat etmek v. to abuse.
hyanat n. harm (intentional harm),
evil.
hyar n. cucumber.
hyzmat n. service, employment.
n. merit.
hyzmat etmek v. to serve.
hyzmaty aal n. maid.
hyzmatda n. partner.
hyzmatdalyk n. cooperation.
hyzmatkr n. servant.
hyzmatkar in el haky n. tip (waiter/waitress).
ibermek v. to send [sent, sent].
v. to refer.
i n. inside.
n. stomach, intestines. EX:
Meni iim agyrar. My
stomach hurts.
i gysgan adj. boring.
i gysgy adj. tiresome.
i gysmak v. to be bored.
iagyry n. diarrhea.
I i
hkm etmek iagyry
Turkmen English 71
ialy ilmek
ialy n. spy.
iege n. intestine.
ierde adv. indoors.
ieri n. household. EX: Meni
ierim asuda. My house-
hold is peaceful.
n. internal, interior. EX:
Ieri iler. Internal affairs.
prep. inside, in. EX: Men
ieri girdim. I went inside.
ierik salmak v. to let in.
ierki adj. internal, domestic.
igeme n. diarrhea.
igi n. drink, beverage, alcohol.
igili adj. drunk.
igin adv. deeply (in depth). EX:
Ol universitetde edebiaty
igin okapdy. During uni-
versity he studied literature
in depth.
iigara n. jealious person.
adj. envious, malignant.
iiln suw n. water (drinking ).
iinde bolmak v. to contain. EX: u
gutyny iinde 37 kitap
bar. This box contains 37
books.
iinde adv. inside, in.
prep. within.
iinden adj. through.
prep. across (through), off.
iine adv. into, in.
iine girmek v. to come in, to get in, to
penetrate.
iki adj. inner.
iki eik n. underclothes.
iki geim n. underwear, underclothes.
ilik n. lining. EX: u paltony
umak iligi bar. That
coat has a soft lining.
imek v. to drink.
iakgy adj. offensive, annoying.
ian n. scorpion.
ideg etmek v. to take care of (i.e. a child),
to raise (i.e. a child), to
nurse.
ideg n. nursing. Ref: the work of
raising a child, upbringing.
ideg-sorag n. search.
idemek v. to take care of (i.e. a child),
to care (looking after).
ideologia(r) n. ideology.
idetmek v. to raise, to bring up, to
look after (i.e. animals). EX:
Meni ejem agalaryny
gowy idetdi. My mother
raised her children well.
idea(r) n. idea.
ideal(r) adj. ideal.
idi n. care (looking after), look-
ing after something.
n. upbringing.
idili adj. polite, well brought-up.
idiologik adj. ideological.
idioma(r) n. idiom.
ig n. holy man (rare), pure
Turkmen.
ige n. file (tool).
igenmek v. to reproach.
igleme keseli n. rickets.
ikellp adv. wholeheartedly. Ref: lit:
with both hands.
iki num. two.
iki gezek adv. twice.
iki hepde n. fortnight. Ref: lit: two
weeks.
iki manyly adv. ambiguous.
iki rkli de n. camel with two humps
(Bactrian camel).
iki-baka adv. back and forth.
ikibir n. match (competition).
ikik adv. one on one, private (in
). EX: Men seni bilen
ikik gepleesim gelr.
I want to speak with you in
private.
ikindin n. dusk.
ikinji num. second.
ikinji derejeli adj. secondary.
ikinji gn n. Tuesday.
ikinji sortly adj. second-rate.
ikirjilemek v. to hesitate, to doubt.
ikisi adj. both.
ikitaraplayn adj. mutual. EX: Ikitara-
playn bhbitli. Mutually
beneficial.
il n. land, country. EX: Ol da
illerde gezipdi. He traveled
in distant lands.
n. people.
ilat n. population.
ilatly adj. populated.
ili n. ambassador.
ilihana n. embassy.
ildirgi n. peg.
ileri n. front.
n. south.
adv. forward.
ileri tutmak v. to place in front (favor).
v. to emphasize. EX: Bizi
direktorimiz ilis dili ileri
tutdi. Our director empha-
sized English language.
v. to place in front. EX: Biz
i owadan sowgaty ileri
tutdyk. We put the most
beautiful gift in front.
ilik n. button.
adj. preliminary, primary.
adv. first, initial.
ilki baky adj. original.
ilkinji adj. first, initial, primary.
ilkinji komek n. first aid.
illuminasia(r) n. illumination.
ilmek v. to catch on (lit.), to hook
on. EX: Meni knegim
gapa ildi. My dress caught
on the door.
Turkmen English 72
iman n. faith, religion, belief, trust.
imi-salalyk n. peace, tranquility
imi-sala adj. peaceful (calm), quiet.
immigrant(r) n. immigrant.
immun(r) adj. immune.
immunitet(r) n. immunity.
immunizasia(r) n. immunization.
import etmek v. to import.
improwizasia(r) n. improvise.
in [i:n] n. width. EX: organy ini
bir metr. The blankets
width is one meter.
in n. body (literary term).
ine cekimli ses n. Ref: thin vowel, front
vowel (e, , i, , ).
ine adj. high pitch.
adj. thin (i.e. things), narrow.
inde n. Native American.
indi adv. more. EX: Maa indi
orba gerek dl. I dont
need more soup.
adv. now. EX: Indi men
iime balajak. Now I will
begin my work.
indiki adj. next, future. EX: Men
indiki hepde Agabada
giderin. Next week I will go
to Agabat. EX: Indiki sa-
paklarda, siz nme okar-
syyz? During future les-
sons what will you study?
prep. next to.
induizm n. Hinduism.
induk n. turkey.
ine intj. take it, here it is.
intj. you see, there. EX: Ine,
men ol gelerdigini didim.
You see, I said he would
come.
infarkt n. heart attack.
infeksia(r) n. infection.
ini n. younger brother.
n. Ref: form of address to a
younger male. EX: Salam
inim. Hello young man.
injik n. shin, shinbone, shank,
tibia.
injir n. fig.
inener(r) n. engineer.
inkr etmek v. to deny, to reject. EX:
Olar meni arza sowalna-
mamy inkr etdiler. They
rejected my application.
inli adj. broad, wide.
inmek v. to descend, to flow down.
EX: Suw daglardan indi.
The water flowed down from
the mountains. EX: Kepderi
asmandan indi. The dove
descended from the sky.
v. to fall from, to fall away
from, to pass from. EX:
Gynan ony zinden
indi we ol ylgyrdy. The
grief fell from his face and
he smiled.
insiz adj. narrow, tight.
insiz uzyn tagta n. lath.
institut(r) n. institute.
integral(r) adj. integral.
internat(r) n. boarding school.
internet(r) n. internet.
interwu(r) n. interview.
inwalid(r) n. invalid.
i adv. least.
adv. most. EX: Ol meni i
owadan gren gyzym. She
is the most beautiful girl I
have ever seen.
adj. most.
i az adj. least.
i beik adj. greatest.
i brkisi adv. at least. EX: Iki
goma! I brkisi
gosana! Dont give me a
two! At least give me a three!
i brkisi adv. even. EX: Ol i brkisi
maa seretmedi. He didnt
even look at me.
i bolmanda adv. at least. EX: Ol gitdi
emma i bolmanda maa
hatlary iberjek. He left but at
least he will send me letters.
i erbet adj. worst.
i gowusy adj. ideal.
i gowy adj. best.
i gowy grln adj. favorite.
i kii adj. least.
i soky adj. utmost.
adj. last (in order). EX: Ja-
son i soky gelen adam
boldy. Jason was the last
person who came.
i okarky adj. upper.
iirdi n. pest.
ilis adamlary n. British.
ilis dili n. English (the language).
ilise adj. English (the language).
ie adj. prickly.
n. needle.
n. stinger (i.e. of a bee).
iebagjyk n. pin.
in adj. very.
iildemek v. to groan, to moan.
iildi n. moan.
irik n. mist.
n. dusk, sunset. EX: Irik
garaldy. Dusk has fallen.
-ip/-yp bolmak v. to can, to be able. EX:
Men gowy tans edip
biln. I can dance well. OR
I am able to dance well.
ir adv. early.
n. morning.
ir bilen n. morning.
irden n. morning.
irgin n. hesitation.
irginsiz adj. tireless.
iman irginsiz
Turkmen English 73
iri adj. major, large. EX: Arassa
suwy saklamak bizi iri
problemamyz. Keeping
water clean is our major
problem. EX: Iri dalar.
Large stones.
iri n. pus.
irime n. muzzle.
ir-imi n. fruit.
irizmek v. to annoy.
irkilmek v. to nap.
irmek v. to be sick of something, to
be tired of something.
isay adj. Christian.
isle isle conj. either or EX:
Olar isle okamaly, isle
uwa bolmaly. Either they
must study or they must be
quiet.
isleg n. wish, desire (wish), hope.
n. demand, requirement.
isleg bouna n. will (at will).
islegelayk adj. rational.
islemek v. to want, to would. EX:
Men imek islen. I want
to eat.
islemn adj. unwilling.
islendik adj. any. EX: Tapawudy
ok, maa islendik kitap
ber! It doesnt matter,
please give me any book!
islenilmen adj. unwelcome.
islese-islemese id. like it or not.
isln adj. whatever you want,
whichever you want. EX:
Sen isln adama durmua
ykyp bilersi. You may
marry any man you like.
ispan adj. Spanish.
Ispania n. Spain.
i n. activity. EX: Ony ii
nme? What is his activity?
OR What is he doing?
n. affairs. EX: Ieri iler.
Internal affairs.
n. work, job, labor.
n. act.
i alyp barmak v. to run (a business).
i barada gollanma id. labor (manual).
i bitirmek v. to function.
i haky n. salary
i kesmek v. to sentence, to convict
(imprison).
i otagy n. office.
i salymak v. to interfere (interfere
with).
v. to be in business with, to
be involved with. EX: Biz
drli bank bilen i sa-
lyarys. We do business
with three different banks.
i znde adv. practice (in ),in reality.
ian n. holy person.
ibil n. caviar.
ii n. worker, manual worker.
iden bo wagty n. leisure, free time.
iden ykarmak v. to sack (an employee).
v. to fire (fire someone).
iden ykmak v. to quit (quit a job).
iden gitmek v. to resign.
ide n. co-worker, colleague.
id n. appetite.
ieir adj. hard-working, energetic.
ieirlik bilen adj. actively.
iewr n. business, commerce.
igr n. employee.
n. co-worker.
ii gatmak v. to be unlucky.
iik n. door (Mary dialect).
ii beany n. job description.
ii ilerik! intj. Good luck!
ii netejisi n. piecework.
ije adj. busy, efficient.
ije dl adj. inactive.
ilemek v. to do [did, done].
ilemek v. to run (a business).
v. to work.
ilemen (zat) adj. out of order.
ilenen gaz ykan n. exhaust (of a car).
turba
ili adj. busy.
adj. skilled, capable.
ilik n. verb.
ilik ekili n. mood (grammatical).
iek n. young (two year old)
sheep.
isiz adj. unemployed.
adj. idle.
isizlik n. unemployment.
it n. dog.
it di n. molar.
it atagy n. kennel.
italia n. Italy.
italian adj. Italian.
iteklemek v. to push (lit. and fig.).
iteklemek v. to push (back and forth).
itergi n. push, shove.
iteen n. rash (irritation).
itmek v. to push (lit. and fig.).
v. to shove, to jerk.
v. to shove.
ibermek v. to dispatch.
idirmek v. to nourish.
ieni simezligi n. indigestion.
iiln adj. edible.
iim n. food.
im n. bait (for fishing).
n. feed (for animals).
ime n. meal.
imek v. to eat [ate, eaten].
imi n. fruit.
imit n. nutrition, victuals, food,
meal. EX: Saglyk mugal-
lymlar gowy imit barada
wredrler. The health
teachers teach about good
nutrition.
imit dkany n. supermarket.
iri imit dkany
Turkmen English 74
n. grocery store, supermarket.
imit zherlenmesi n. food poisoning.
imitlendirme n. nourishment.
imitleri sanawy n. menu.
imlemek v. to feed [fed, fed].
iul n. July.
iun n. June.
jabjynmak v. to mug.
v. to snarl, to yelp, to snap.
jady n. magic, sorcery, spell
(magic).
jadyg n. wizard, magician, sorcerer.
jadylamak v. to cast a spell, to bewitch.
jadyly adj. bewitched, enchanted,
vicious, charmed, charming.
jadyly erteki n. magical tale.
jahan n. universe, world.
jahankede n. traveler, tourist.
jahyl n. young person.
jahyllyk n. early adulthood, youth,
adolescence.
jak/-jek aly id. probably.
jakyrdamak v. to laugh out loud.
jakyrdy n. loud/resonant laughter.
jala n. downpour, cloudburst,
heavy rain.
jala n. wastrel, debauchee, playboy.
jalbar n. trousers, pants.
jam n. bowl.
jamal n. beauty, visage, counte-
nance.
jan n. soul, spirit, life.
-jan gram. dear one, beloved.
jan aanman adj. self-denying, self-
sacrificing.
jan bayna adv. per capita, per person.
jan berip/jan almak v. to fight fiercely.
jan ekmek v. to try ones best, to work
hard.
jan etmek v. to do ones best.
jana-jan adj. cherished.
janalgy n. the Angel of Death.
janawar n. poor thing (of animals),
pitiful thing (of animals),
wretch.
jandar n. living being.
n. creature, animal.
janhowul n. agony.
janhowel n. agony.
janker adj. loyal.
n. fan (i.e. sports fan). EX:
Real Madrid atly koman-
dany kp janker bar.
The team called Real Madrid
has many fans.
janker adj. faithful, devoted, fan.
janlandyrma n. revival.
janlandyrmak v. to revive (to ~ someone).
v. to refresh, to bring to life,
to reanimate, to revive
(something).
janlanmak v. to come to life, to revive
(self).
janly adj. lively, active.
adj. vivid.
adj. alive, living.
janly-jemende n. all the people, everybody.
janserek adj. loving, hearty; confused,
perplexed.
jansyz adj. lifeless, dead. Fig. spy.
jany agyrmak v. to grieve, to be distressed.
janyy akmak v. to make someone angry.
janypke adj. industrious, dedicated,
hardworking.
janypkelik n. dedication.
janyangyn adj. angry, mad fretful,
wrathful, spiteful.
janyangynlyk n. anger, offence, discontent,
dissatisfaction.
ja n. jingle.
n. bell.
n. jingle, ring.
ja etmek v. to ring (phone call).
v. to call (on the phone), to
phone.
ja kakmak v. to ring, to chime.
jalamak v. to talk over the telephone.
jar n. ravine, gulley.
n. proclamation, news.
jar etmek v. to inform, to declare, to
proclaim.
jary n. herald, town-crier.
jarnama n. proclamation.
n. appeal, address. EX: Jar-
nama bilen zlenmek.
To make an appeal.
ja n. house, building, lodging.
n. room.
adj. right, correct, in order,
adequate, convenient. EX:
Hemme zat ja. Everything is
in order/O.K. EX: rn ja
jogap. Very correct answer.
ja salyjy igr n. mason.
ja toy n. house-warming.
jada adv. indoors.
jalama n. burial.
jalamak v. to bury. EX: Olar leni
jaladylar. They buried the
body.
jalanmak v. to be buried.
jaladyrmak v. to house, to make at
home.
jalamak v. to be housed, to make
yourself at home.
jalaykly adj. comfortable.
jaryk n. crack, rift, split, fissure.
jarylmak v. to crack, to split, to snap.
v. to snap.
J j
imit zherlenmesi jarylmak
Turkmen English 75
jatarmak v. to stick out, to stand on
end.
v. to stand (something) up.
jayrdamak v. to squeak
jayrdy n. squeak (made by shoes).
jaz n. jazz (music).
jazlamak v. to season.
jazyrdamak v. to hiss, to sputter.
jazyrdy n. hiss, sputtering.
jebir n. oppression, persecution,
pain, torment, suffering.
jebir eken n. the injured, martyr.
jebir ekmek v. to be martyred.
jebir ediji n. oppressor, tyrant, tormen-
tor.
jebir etmek v. to prosecute (oppress).
jebirekn adj. oppressed.
jebirli adj. painful, agonizing.
jebis adj. boarded up, sealed
tightly. EX: Gapyny jebis
apmak. To board up a
door.
jebislemek v. to seal tightly, to consoli-
date.
v. to unite completely, to
merge and become one,
unite.
jebislik n. unity, unison, consolida-
tion.
jedel n. row (argument), quarrel,
argument, dispute.
jedel etmek v. to bet [bet, bet].
jedellemek v. to quarrel.
v. to argue.
jedelli adj. argumentative.
jedelsiz adj. undeniable.
jedirdemek v. to speak rapidly, to jabber,
to gab, to babble.
jelega n. place, area.
jelep n. prostitute.
jellat n. executioner, hangman,
butcher (as a term of con-
tempt).
jem n. sum, total, amount, all.
jemagat n. the public, the commu-
nity, the people.
jemagat nde adv. public (in ).
jemgyet n. association, public. EX:
Daoguz Iglis Dili
Mugallymlar Jemgyeti.
Daoguz English Teachers
Association.
n. society, community. EX:
Jemgyete pedaly zh-
met. Work that is useful for
society. EX: Bizi jem-
gyetimizde kp dap-
dessurlar bar. In our societ
there are many traditions.
jemgyetilik n. public (association).
n. social conscience, public
opinion, society.
jemgyetilik-syasy n. sociopolitical.
jemi n. total. EX: Meni kur-
sumda jemi igrimi oku-
wy bar. In my class there is
a total of twenty students.
jemlemek v. to summarize.
v. to total.
v. to focus, to concentrate.
EX: Okuwylar, u
gnkmede nsizi jem-
lemeli! Students, during this
exercise you must focus
your attention.
v. to gather.
v. to summarize. EX:
Oerki soynyda sen
jemlemeli. At the end of an
essay you must summarize.
jemleji n. final, closing.
jenan n. a beauty, a beautiful women.
jenap n. sir.
n. gentleman. EX: Hanym-
lar we jenaplar! Ladies and
Gentleman!
jenap n. mister, Mr. EX: Salam
jenap azmyrat. Hello Mr.
azmyrat.
jenaat n. crime.
jenaat edn adam n. criminal.
jenaat etmek v. to commit a crime.
jenaat i n. criminal case.
jenaaty n. criminal.
jenaatylyk n. attack, criminal act.
jenaatkr n. criminal.
jenaatly adj. criminal.
jenjel n. scene, scandal, debauch-
ery, noise.
n. argument.
jenjel etmek v. to rage.
jenjelli adj. scandalous, wretched.
jenjelsiz adj. quietly, peacefully.
jennet n. paradise, heaven.
je n. fight, battle.
jebaz n. war-monger, aggressor,
instigator of war.
jejel turuzmak v. to provoke.
jeel n. forest, jungle, wilderness.
jepa n. suffering, pain, compul-
sion, burden.
jepa ekmek v. suffer, bear a burden.
jepake adj. hard-working.
jeren n. antelope, gazelle.
n. Ref: nettle.
jerime n. fine (penalty), penalty.
n. reparation.
jerime bermek v. to pay a fine.
jerime azmak v. to give a ticket.
jeset n. corpse.
jet n. verge
n. conflict, disagreement.
jetlemek v. to argue, to conflict.
jetlik n. disagreement.
jehun adj. raging, indomitable.
Jehun n. former name of the Amu-
darya River.
jeza n. punishment (severe).
jatarmak jeza
Turkmen English 76
n. punishment, penalty, judg-
ment.
jeza bermek v. to punish.
jezalandyrmak v. to punish.
jgildi n. wailing.
jhek n. edging, trim, border, hem.
jheklemek v. to fringe, to border.
jhennem n. Hell.
adj. hellish, infernal. EX:
jhennem, nme bolsa,
ol bolsun! Who the hell
cares! Never mind, not a big
deal! EX: Jhennem bol!
Go to hell! EX: Jhennem
etmek. Out of my sight.
jhenneme ibermek v. to kill, to annihilate.
jhet n. perspective, point of view.
jht n. Ref: see jhet.
jjek n. toy.
n. sequin, spangle, glitter.
n. shard, fragment.
jibirdemek v. to complain, to whine.
jibrinmek v. grumble, complain, whine.
jiger n. liver.
n. soul, heart.
jiger-bagyr n. liver.
jiger-bagyr ken n. fatigued (to be), ex-
hausted (to be), worn (to
be).
jigerbent n. beloved, comfort, joy,
pleasure of my soul (of chil-
dren or relation).
jigi adj. younger sibling.
n. cousin. Ref: if fathers are
brothers.
n. Ref: form of address to
someone who is younger.
n. younger sibling. Ref: see
oglan jigi or gyz jigi.
jigirdek n. crackling, fried fat.
jiglemek v. to skip a beat.
jikgermek v. to glare.
jikgildemek v. fig. to show off.
v. to chirp, to twitter.
jikjiki n. warbler (bird).
jiklemek v. to peep (to look).
jikme-jik adj. particular.
adv. in great detail, minutely,
thoroughly.
jilet n. waistcoat.
jilt n. binding, cover.
jilti n. book-binder.
jiltlemek v. to bind (a book).
jinkerip seretmek n. peer.
jikermek v. to stare at.
jir n. printed cotton cloth, cal-
ico, chintz.
jisim n. body. EX: Asman jisim-
leri. Heavenly bodies.
n. mass, solid.
n. matter, substance. EX:
Narkotiki jisimler. Nar-
cotic substances. EX: Su-
wuk jisimler. Liquids.
jogabyna prep. return (in for).
jogap n. answer.
v. reply, response. EX:
Jogap hkmnde. In re-
sponse to/ in reply to.
jogap bermek v. to react.
v. to reply, to respond.
v. to answer.
jogap gaytarmak v. to contradict, to oppose,
to snap, to answer.
jogap soramak v. to ask ( for leave).
jogapkr adj. responsible, liable.
jogapkr bolmak v. to take responsibility for.
jogapkr gulluky n. official (i.e. for a job).
jogapkrilik n. responsibility, obligation.
jogapkriliksiz n. irresponsible.
jogapkrli adj. responsible, serious,
important.
jogapkrlik n. responsibility (for some-
thing).
jogapsyz adj. unanswered, unauthor-
ized.
jojuk n. piglet.
jojuklamak v. bear young (piglets)
jokrama adj. scorching, sultry, burning.
jomart adj. generous, liberal.
jomartlyk n. generosity.
jomruk n. stump.
jomurmak v. to break off, to snap.
jontuk adj. cut off (of an animal's tail).
adj. bobbed, cut off.
jora n. friend (when two girls are
friends).
jorap n. sock.
jogun n. enthusiasm, passion.
n. flood.
jogunly adj. agitated. emotional.
adj. flooded, gushing,
stormy.
jomak v. to be enthusiastic.
v. to give generously.
v. to be in a good mood.
v. to overflow.
joa n. bed (plants etc.), row (i.e.
a crop). EX: Badam
joasy. The eggplant bed.
joalamak v. to furrow, make furrows.
jgi adj. hypocritical, cunning,
falsifier.
n. fake, liar.
jglik n. affection.
n. pretense, simulator, dis-
simulation
jglige salmak v. to pretend.
jhit adj. greedy.
adj. Jewish.
n. miser,
jwenek n. hail.
jwenek agmak v. to hail.
jwher n. jewel.
n. Damask steel.
jwza n. heat, torridness.
juda adv. incredibly, extremely.
jugurdamak v. to rumble.
jeza bermek jugurdamak
Turkmen English 77
jul n. horse-cloth.
julk adj. rotten, spoiled (of water-
melon).
julk bolmak v. to drink one's fill, to drink
too much.
juma n. Friday.
juwan n. youth.
juwanlyk n. youth, adolescence.
jb salmak v. pocket.
jbi n. pocket.
jbi akgy n. pocket knife.
jbi telefony n. cell phone, mobile phone.
jbt n. Ref: see jp.
jbt dl adj. odd (not a pair).
jlge n. ravine.
n. valley.
jmjme n. bluebell, bellflower.
jmle n. phrase, expression, sen-
tence.
jmm n. depth. Fig. heart, center.
jmldemek v. to go numb, tingle.
v. tingle.
jmldi n. tingling, pins and nee-
dles (when a limb goes numb).
jp adj. even numbers.
n. pair, couple.
jptek n. pincers.
n. tweezers.
jr adj. accurate (about a per-
son), conscientious.
jrkldemek v. to peep (for birds).
jrkldi n. twitter, chirp.
jrletmek v. to whistle.
jrlewk almak v. to whistle.
jrlk n. punctuality, accuracy.
jrrldi n. warble, trill.
jrndik n. spout (of a teapot), tap.
jyje n. chick, young chicken.
jyk burun n. sharp-nosed, pointy-nose.
jgldemek v. to peep (of chicks).
jgldi n. peep, squeak.
jybar adj. frosty, freezing.
jybarlamak v. to freeze, to be frosty.
jyda adj. separated, deprived.
jyda dumek v. to be separated.
jyga n. crown.
jygba-jyg n. critical moment, decisive
moment.
jyglym n. road metal, detritus.
jygyldamak v. to squeak
jygyldy n. squeak
jygyllyk n. crowd, throng.
jykgyldy n. tick, ticking (of a clock)
jyklamak v. to peep at, to spy on.
jykyrdamak v. to laugh
jylaw n. rein (bridle).
n. reins.
jylawlamak v. to rein in, to hold back
(something),
to restrain, to hold back by
the reins.
jylka n. filet.
n. pulp.
jyn n. gin
jynaza n. Muslim funeral prayer.
jynaza ykmak v. to say the funeral prayer.
jynly adj. crazy, mad.
jyns n. gender, sex (gender).
n. race, ethnicity.
jyns agzalary n. genitalia.
jyns agzalaryny n. genital herpes.
uuklary
jyns agzasyny n. genital herpes.
gabarakly demrewi
jyns babatda n. racial.
jyns gatnaygy arkaly n. venereal disease.
gen kesel
jyns kandilomasy n. genital wart.
jyns mzi n. gonad.
jynsparaz n. racist, bigot.
jynsparazly adj. racist.
jynsparazlyk n. racism.
jynssyz adj. shrill, piercing, penetrating.
jynsy balak n. jeans.
jynsy etime n. puberty.
jykyny ykarmazlyk n. peep (To dare not to
make a sound).
jykyny ykarmazlyk v. to keep quiet, not let a
word slip (about something).
jykyrma n. peep.
jykyrmak v. to peep (for dogs).
v. to gulp down
jyyrdamak v. to call, to ring.
v. to ring (phone call)[rang,
rung].
jyyrdatmak v. to make a call, to call up.
jyyrdy n. ringing bell tone.
jyzlamak v. to burn, to sting, to sizzle.
jyzyrdamak v. to fry, to sizzle.
jyzzyk n. crackling, sizzling.
jyzzyn atmak v. to throw up hind legs (of a
donkey).
anr n. genre.
iraf(r) n. giraffe.
iwopis(r) n. painting.
urnal(r) n. magazine, journal, register
(i.e. class register).
urnal n. review (of art, movies, books).
urnal barlamak v. to call the register.
urnalist(r) n. journalist.
urnalistika(r) n. journalism.
uri(r) n. jury.

jul uri(r)
Turkmen English 78
kabina(r) n. cab (of a vehicle).
kabinet(r) n. cabinet. EX: Ministrler
kabineti. Cabinet of ministers.
n. office.
kabul n. acceptance, admittance.
kabul bolsun! intj. God bless! Ref: lit: Let
him/her enter! (Usually said at
funerals or Gurban Bayram).
kabul edilmek v. to be accepted, to be ad-
mitted.
kabul etme n. adoption.
kabul etmek v. to adopt.
v. to accept (i.e. to a univer-
sity), to admit (i.e. to a uni-
versity). EX: ol univer-
sitetde ylda die 200 ta-
lyp kabul ediler. Only 200
students per year are admit-
ted to that university.
v. to host. EX: ol to zaly
200 adam kabul etip
bilr. That party hall can
host 200 people.
v. to ratify. EX: Hkme-
timiz l wadalaygy ka-
bul etdi. Our government
ratified the treaty.
v. to receive. EX: Kita-
phana 10 tze kitaby kabul
etdi. The library received 10
new books.
kabuledi n. reception.
kada n. rule, norm, law.
kada-kanuny bozmak v. to break the rules.
kadaladyrmak v. to order, normalize, impose
rules upon. EX: Lukman
nasagy ganyny derman
bilen kadadadyrdy. The
doctor normalized the pa-
tients blood with medicine.
kafe(r) n. cafe.
kagyz n. document.
kagyz n. paper, sheet of paper.
kak n. dried melon.
kaka n. father, pa.
n. uncle (when added to
personal names). EX: Sapar
kaka. Uncle Sapar
kakaba adj. ill bred, ill behaved.
kakajan n. pa, father.
kakao(r) n. cocoa.
kakdyrmak v. to hint.
v. to mock.
kaklamak v. to cut into strips and dry,
to jerk.
kakmak v. to hit (collide with), to
bump.
v. to knock (i.e. on a door).
v. to pat.
v. to peg.
v. to pound (with a hammer).
kakyn adj. hysteria, fit, epileptic fit.
kakma n. thin stripes of traditional
Turkmen quick-fried salty
grilled meat.
kakymak v. to crash.
kalendar(r) n. calendar.
kali n. potassium.
kaloria(r) n. calorie.
kamat v. figure, stature, physique.
kanagat n. patience.
kanagat etmek v. to put up with.
kanagatlanarly adj. positive.
adj. satisfactory.
kanagatlanarsyz adj. unsatisfactory.
kanagatlanma n. satisfaction.
kanagatlanmak v. to be satisfied, pleased.
kanagatly adj. contented, satisfied.
adj. patient.
kanal(r) n. canal.
kandidat(r) n. candidate, eligible person
kandidatlyk n. probation.
kandidatura grkezmek v. to nominate.
kanikul(r) n. vacation.
kanun n. principle (law), law.
kanun ykaryjy hkimiet n. legislative body.
kanun ykaryjylyk n. legislation.
kanuny n. lawyer.
kanunsyz adj. illegal.
kanuny adj. legal, judicial, legitimate.
kapas adj. stuffy.
kapasa n. cage.
kapitalism n. capitalism.
kapitalistik adv. capitalistic.
kapitan n. captain.
kapyr n. infidel (non-Muslim).
kapya n. rhyme.
kapyalamak v. to rhyme.
kapyalaan gogy n. rhyme.
kapyalamak v. to rhyme.
karantin(r) n. quarantine.
karar n. decision, ruling, resolution.
n. verdict.
karara gelmek v. to decide, to conclude.
v. to resolve.
kararly adj. Ref: see kanagatly.
kararsyz adj. impatient.
karikatura(r) n. cartoon.
karnawal(r) n. carnival.
kart n. playing card.
karta(r) n. card. EX: Kredit karta.
Credit card.
n. map.
karton(r) n. carton.
kartoka(r) n. potato.
kartoteka(r) n. file (i.e. on the computer).
karer n. quarry.
karz n. loan, debt, credit.
karz almak v. to borrow money.
karzyna adj. indebted to, taken on
credit.
karz bermek v. to lend money [lent, lent].
K k
kabina(r) karz bermek
Turkmen English 79
kasam etmek v. vow, swear (promise),
oath (take an), pledge.
kasam n. oath, pledge, vow.
kassa n. ticket office.
kassa(r) n. cashier.
kasseta(r) n. tape, cassette tape.
kassir n. cashier.
kast etmek v. harm (intentionally), kill.
kast n. assassination.
n. revenge.
kaa n. porridge.
kaa adj. picturesque.
katan agajy n. chestnut.
katok(r) n. skating rink.
katolik(r) n. Catholic.
adj. Catholic.
kauuk(r) n. rubber (strong, hard
rubber).
kayl adj. pleased with, agreeing.
kazy n. judge.
kazyet n. court (court of law).
kebaphana n. caf.
kebelek n. moth.
n. butterfly.
kebirji n. welder.
kebirlemek v. fix.
v. weld.
ke adj. stubborn.
kee n. felt, felt rug.
kejal adj. stubborn.
keal adj. stubborn.
kel adj. bald (naturally bald).
kelek adj. hornless.
kelem n. cabbage.
kelesa adj. bratty, incorrigible.
kelew adj. bratty, incorrigible.
kellagyry n. headache.
kelle n. head.
n. mind.
kelle alanmak v. to be dizzy.
kelle dwmek v. to puzzle over.
v. to think hard.
kellekeser n. thug, cutthroat.
kell gelmek v. to occur (i.e. in your mind).
kellni derisi n. scalp.
kelpeze n. lizard.
kelte adj. short.
keltejik ke n. lane.
keltelmek v. to shorten.
kem adv. insufficient, enough (not
). EX: Tze mayn satyn
almak in pul kem. There
is not enough money to buy a
new car. OR There is insuffi-
cient money to buy a new car.
adv. less than. EX: Biri kem
igrimi a. Nineteen
months (lit: one less than
twenty months).
kem baha bermek v. to underestimate.
kem geln adj. missing (object).
kem ilik n. Ref: auxiliary verb, helping
verb, modal verb.
kemal n. completeness.
n. maturity.
kemala gelen n. adult (young).
kemilik n. vice.
n. shortage, deficiency, lack.
kemilik bolmak v. to lack. EX: Nme
kemilik bar? What do
you lack?
kemelmek v. to reduce (i.e. something is
reduced).
kemeltmek v. to reduce (i.e. you reduce
something).
kemer n. belt (for men).
n. seatbelt.
kemis n. prematurely born infant.
kem-kemden adv. gradually.
kem-ks adj. some, a few.
kempir n. old woman (negative
term).
kemput n. candy, sweets.
kemsinmek v. to feel humiliated.
kemsitme n. humiliation.
kemsitmek v. to belittle, to humiliate.
kemsiz adv. Utterly, impeccable,
irreproachable.
kemyrsgal n. failure, loser, unlucky per-
son.
kenar n. quay.
n. shore, bank (shore).
kenar boy n. coastline.
kenardan n. off shore.
kendir n. hemp, marijuana.
kendirik n. Ref: special homespun ta-
blecloth for kneading making
dough or sifting flour on.
keniz n. suite, ladies in attendance.
kenguru(r) n. kangaroo.
kentlewk n. palate, teeth bridge.
kepbe n. reed hut, shack, cabin.
kepderi n. pigeon, dove.
kepil bolmak v. to warrant.
kepillendirmek v. to guarantee.
kepillik n. guarantee.
kepilnama n. certificate.
ker adj. deaf.
keramat n. providence.
n. saint.
keramatly adj. saintly, holy.
ker n. slice, piece, chunk.
kerelemek v. to mince.
kerelen et n. minced meat.
kerep n. cobweb, spiderweb.
n. web.
kerk n. rhinoceros.
kerkaw n. maple.
kerki n. pick axe.
kerpi(r) n. brick, block.
kersen n. big wooden bowl, tub.
kertmek v. to nick, to notch, to cut
slightly.
kerwen(r) n. caravan.
kes adj. any.
keseaga n. rail.
kesel drediji n. pathogen.
kesel n. illness, disease, sickness.
kasam etmek kesel
Turkmen English 80
keselhana n. hospital.
keseligine prep. across.
keseli gowamagy n. remission.
keseli nni almak v. to immunize.
kesellemek v. to become ill.
keselli adj. unhealthy.
adj. sick, ill.
kesellilik n. tenderness (pain).
kesgir adj. sharp.
kesgitleme n. definition.
kesgitlemek v. to determine, to define.
kesgitli adj. specific, definite.
kesilen adj. spoiled (of fruit or milk
etc.).
kesim n. lump.
kesip gemek v. to go across.
kesip oturtma n. graft.
kesip oturtmak v. to graft.
kesir adj. stubborn, obstinate.
n. fraction (in arithmetic).
kesmek v. to peel, to slice, to cut
[cut, cut].
kede n. embroidery.
n. needle-work.
kede ekmek v. to embroider.
kedeli balak n. Ref: Traditional Turkmen
embroidered pants that
women wear under their
dresses.
kep n. appearance.
ketde adj. large.
keik n. gazelle, antelope.
kep n. delight, pleasure.
n. mood, morale.
kep ekmek v. to revel.
kepi kk adj. in a good mood.
kepim kk adj. mood (in a good ),
delighted. EX: Meni
kepim kk. Im in a good
mood. OR Im delighted.
kepim ok adj. mood (in a bad ),
gloomy. EX: Meni
kepim ok. Im in a bad
mood. OR Im feeling