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9/29/2014 List of forms of government - RationalWiki

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List of forms of government
From RationalWiki
Ever wondered what all those ...ocracies and ...archies were? Seek no further than
RationalWiki's list of forms of government.
Anarchy
Anarchy is lack of government, as there is no governing authority; in anarchy there is
no government and each individual has absolute liberty. It is important to note,
however, that the lack of a government to enforce laws does not automatically
imply that there are no laws; anarcho-capitalism in particular posits a form of
anarchy with a body of explicit laws.
Aristocracy
A form of government in which a select few rule based on inherited hereditary right.
Autocracy
A form of government in which the political power is held by a single, self-appointed
ruler.
Communist state
a hypothetical stateless entity that follows after socialism as according to Marxist
theory.
Corporatocracy
a form of government where a corporation, a group of corporations, or government
entities with private components, control the direction and governance of a
country.
Demarchy
a hypothetical political system run by randomly selected decision makers who have
been selected by sortition. Think selecting a legislature or executive in the same
manner that a jury is presently selected.
Democracy
Refers to a broad range of types of government based upon the "consent of the
governed." In its purest form it is the same thing as mobocracy, but it is usually
practiced in the form of a republic, which provides checks and balances and an
establishment that is able to tap an unruly mob on its collective head.
Epistemocracy
a utopian type of society and government in which people of rank, including those
holding political office, are those who possess epistemic humility.
Ethnocracy
a form of government where representatives of a particular ethnic group hold a
number of government posts disproportionately large to the percentage of the total
population that the particular ethnic group(s) represents and use them to advance
the position of their particular ethnic group(s) to the detriment of others. In Nazi
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Germany ethnic groups Hitler supported held all the power. Neo-Nazis often accuse
Jews of possessing an ethnocracy in the person of the U.S. government, which they
call the Zionist Occupation Government.
Exilarchy
a form of government, usually theocratic or monarchic, that is established and
constituted for rule over an ethnic or religious diaspora rather than over the place of
origin whence the diaspora originates.
Fascism
The country is ruled by a totalitarian and corporatist government. It has also gone
by the names Nazism, Baathism, Corporatism, and Falangism.
Futarchy
System of government proposed by Economist Robin Hanson based on the idea of
voting on a certain outcome and then figuring out how to achieve it.
Geniocracy
a system of government which was first proposed by Rael (leader of the
International Ralian Movement) in 1977 and which advocates problem-solving and
creative intelligence as criteria for regional governance
Gerontocracy
a form of oligarchical rule in which an entity is ruled by leaders who are significantly
older than most of the adult population.
Kakistocracy
Government by the least qualified or most unprincipled citizens, "Government by
the worst."
Kleptocracy
a term applied to a government that extends the personal wealth and political
power of government officials and the ruling class (collectively, kleptocrats) at the
expense of the population.
Kratocracy
government by those who are strong enough to seize power through force or
cunning.
Kritocracy or Krytocracy
a government ruled by judges.
Kritarchy
a form of order springing from judgments made from principles of natural rights.
Logocracy
government by words.
Meritocracy
a government or other organization wherein appointments are made and
responsibilities are given based on demonstrated talent and ability.
Minarchy
a political ideology which maintains that the state's only legitimate function is the
protection of individuals from aggression.
Mobocracy or Ochlocracy
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government by mob or a mass of people, or the intimidation of constitutional
authorities; think Monty Python and the Quest for the Holy Grail "witch/duck" mob
Monarchy
a form of government in which supreme power is absolutely or nominally lodged
with an individual, who is the head of state, often for life or until abdication. A
monarchy usually possesses more checks and balances than an autocracy or
dictatorship.
Noocracy
a social and political system that is based on the priority of human mind.
Oligarchy
a form of government in which power effectively rests with a small elite segment of
society distinguished by royal, wealth, intellectual, family, military or religious
hegemony.
Panarchracy
a political philosophy emphasizing each individual's right to freely join and leave the
jurisdiction of any governments they choose, without being forced to move from
their current locale.
Plutocracy
rule by the wealthy, or power provided by wealth.
Socialist republic or people's republic
a state run by a communist party that pretends to be following the progression from
capitalism to socialism to communism hypothesized by Karl Marx.
Sociocracy
a system of governance using consent-based decision making among equivalent
individuals and an organizational structure based on cybernetic principles.
Stratocracy
a system of government in which there is no distinction between the military and the
civil power.
Technocracy
a form of government in which engineers, scientists, and other technical experts are
in control of decision making in their respective fields.
Theocracy
a form of government in which a god or deity is recognized as the state's supreme
civil ruler. Since said god or deity is usually absent from decision making, a church
sponsored leader or leaders will rule instead.
Theodemocracy
a political system theorized by Joseph Smith, Jr., founder of the Latter Day Saint
movement (Mormons). As the name implies, theodemocracy was meant to be a
fusion of traditional republican democractic rights under the United States
Constitution combined with theocratic elements. Some would consider this an ...
oxymormon (budum tsst).
Timocracy
either:a state where only property owners may participate in government; or a
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government where rulers are selected and perpetuated based on the degree of
honor they hold relative to others in their society, peer group or class.
Wengerocracy
a form of government where a person rules and the people watch and listen and
record the leader of the country the entire time that person is leading the country.
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