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Chapter 3 Test

Human Geography

1. A permanent move to a new location is
a. Net migration.
b. Mobility.
c. Net out-migration.
d. Migration.
e. Net in-migration.
2. A country has net in-migration if emigration ______________immigration.
a. Exceeds
b. Varies more than.
c. Equals
d. Is closer to new migration than
e. Is less than.
3. Which of the following is the BEST example of a cultural push factor stimulating migration?
a. People forced to leave New Orleans because of Hurricane Katrina.
b. Oklahoma driven off their land by drought in the 1930s.
c. Eastern Europeans attracted to job opportunities in Western Europe.
d. Palestinians that left Israel after Jewish migration to the new country in 1948.
e. 19
th
century Europeans that moved to the United States because it was a democracy.
4. Which of the following is an example of an intervening obstacle for people moving from the
eastern United States to the West Coast during the 19
th
century?
a. Lake superior
b. The Rocky Mountains.
c. The Rio Grande River
d. Spanish occupation of the Great Plains.
e. The Andes Mountains.
5. Which of the following areas has net in-migration?
a. South America
b. Southeast Asia
c. China
d. India
e. Europe
6. Immigrants to the United States since 1945 have come increasingly from
a. Eastern and Southern Europe
b. Northern and Western Europe
c. Asia and Latin America
d. Sub-Saharan Africa and South Asia
e. The Middle East and Sub-Saharan Africa
7. The most important reason why people in many Sub-Saharan countries in recent years have
become refugees from their homes is
a. Environmental crisis, such as typhoons and monsoons.
b. The growing attraction of farmers to urban areas.
c. Colonization of their countries by Europeans
d. Civil war among ethnic groups
e. Repartitioning of their land by the United Nations.
8. People that migrate over long distance more likely to be young, well educated, or following
relatives who previously migrated. This statement describes
a. Activity space
b. Migration selectivity
c. Step migration
d. Awareness space
e. Distance decay
9. The concept of space-time prism explains the nature of an individuals
a. Dislocation
b. Life expectancy
c. Carrying capacity
d. Activity space
e. Internal migration
10. Millions of ______________came to the United States during the early years of the 20
th
century.
a. Suburbanites
b. Emigrants
c. Immigrants
d. Refugees
e. Colonists.
11. In the 1930s, thousands of Okies fled the Dust Bowl of the southern Great Plains and moved
to the fertile agricultural regions of California to start a new life. This is an example of
a. External migration
b. Eco-migration
c. Political migration
d. Economic migration
e. Forced migration
12. Which is the result of Chain migration?
a. The African Slave Trade
b. French Colonial rule
c. The formation of Israel
d. San Franciscos China Town
e. Colonization of the Ancient Frontier
13. Refugees are produced through
a. Cultural migration
b. Forced migration
c. Internal migration
d. Economic migration
e. Chain migration.
14. Many recent college graduates and young professionals move to large, vibrant cities-such as
New York, Chicago, and Los Angeles-with night life, cultural amenities, and job opportunities.
These attractions are example of
a. Economic factors
b. Mobility opportunities
c. Suburban amenities
d. Pull factors
e. Push factors
15. The Sun Belt includes
a. The Rocky Mountain States
b. Alabama and Louisiana.
c. Texas and New Mexico
d. Southern Nevada, southern California, and South Florida
e. Florida, Georgia, Alabama, and South Carolina.

Questions numbers 16-17 are based on the following chart.
























16. Suppose that a family moves from point A to Point B. Two years later, they move from point B to
Point C. Two years later, they move from Point C to Point D. The type of movement illustarated
in the chart is called
a. Circulation
b. Net migration
c. Step migration
d. Chain migration
e. Push and pull mobility
17. Suppose they the family moved from Point A with the intention of moving to Point C. Along the
way, at Point B, the adult family members found jobs, so decided to settle in Point B. their
pattern of movement was altered by
a. Intervening opportunities
b. Economic push factors
c. Environmental pull factors
d. Their space-time prism
e. Their activity space
18. Which of the following is NOT one of Ernst Ravensteins migration laws?
a. The majority of immigrants move only a short distance.
b. Migrants who move longer distance tend to choose cities as their destination.
c. Each migration flow produces a counter flow.
d. Families are less likely to make international moves than young, single males.
e. Push factors are usually more important than pull factors in explaining why people migrate.
19. Which of the following events would be considered a migration pull factor?
a. Revolutionary takeover of a government
b. Failed harvest
c. Civil war
d. Opening a new factory
e. Flooding of a river
20. A physical feature, such as a body of water, which hinders migration is an example of
a. An environmental push factor.
b. An intervening obstacle.
c. A political pull factor.
d. A forced migration.
e. An environmental incentive.
21. Millions of Europeans were forced to emigrate from their farms because of
a. A decline in food supplies.
b. Increased CDR.
c. Forced consolidation of farms.
d. Expanding crop varieties.
e. Poor economic prospects in the rapidly growing cities.

22. Migration to the United States declined during the 1920s primarily because
a. Imposition of quota laws.
b. Forced migration after WWI.
c. Economic depression in the United States.
d. Declining demand for domestic workers.
e. Declining demand for industrial workers.
23. The main impact of the 1920s quota laws on the national origin of immigrants to the united
States was to
a. Encourage more migration from Asia to Latin America.
b. Admit migrants mostly from Europe.
c. Permit migrants from any region of the world.
d. All the above
e. A and C.
24. Brain Drain is
a. The large-scale emigration of talented people.
b. The process by which people are given reference for migration.
c. A net decline in literacy.
d. People forced to migrate for political reasons.
e. A cultural feature that hinders migration.
25. Migration to the United States increased from Europe after 1800 in part because of
a. Deteriorating public health, medicine, and food supply.
b. Rapid increase in the CDR.
c. Plague and famine.
d. Higher NIR
e. Expanded economic opportunities during the Industrial Revolution.
26. Counterurbanization is
a. Migration to rural areas and small towns.
b. The trend of the elderly retiring to rural areas.
c. Due to expanding suburbs.
d. Decline of the inner-city infrastructure.
e. The move from urban core to suburban areas.





Free response Question: Please answer of a separate sheet of paper.




















1. International migration in the late twentieth century illustrates many important
geographic principles.
A. Define each of the following principles.
1. Core-periphery
2. Distance decay
3. Chain migration
B. For each principle in part A, select a migration stream identifies by letter on the
map above, and discuss how the stream you choose illustrates the principle. Note:
each lettered migration stream may be used only once.