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perception on

Background of the study
There are many educational systems that are being used in many countries. The commonly used
curriculum, or education system is K-12 curriculum. The k-12 curriculum is said to be the most effective
way and high quality curriculum. However, the curriculum that is traditionally used by the Filipinos is the
basic education curriculum. The government has planned to change the traditional way of learning, from
basic curriculum to k-12 curriculum.

Statement of the problem
This study is an attempt to identify the most efficient way of learning and most effective curriculum for
1. What is the profile of the respondents in terms of:
1.1 age
1.2 year level
1.3 Gender
2. what are the lesson techniques of their present teachers?
2.1 manila paper
2.2 projector
2.3 concept maps
2.4 others
3. what lesson techniques do you think you are comfortable of?

Significance of the study

It can benefit the teachers, parents, students as well as companies having high quality of
requirements. So that graduated students may achieve the high quality degree that most of the
companies need.

Teachers or educators may benefit in this study through knowing the best and most efficient
techniques if teaching students.

Parents will also benefit from this study through knowing the best for their child. And for them
to understand the right way of learning and the best techniques that their child may use upon
applying for a job.

Scope and limitation of the study

This study will focus on elementary, high school students, and alumni of different schools.

Review and Related Literature

Using k-12 programs grading system as a standard, the teachers dignity coalition (TDC) gives a
government a B for its performance showed during the first week of the school year, which is
also contained DepEd order no. 31, s. 2012, B stands for Beginning which has numeric
equivalent of 74% and below. Other marks are D for Developing; AP for Approaching
Proficiency; P for Proficient; and A for Advanced. The TDC based its rating on the problems
surfaced during the first week of classes which includes the shortage in teachers, seats,
classrooms, toilets and other facilities. The group also pointed out that instructional materials
for K-12 curriculum which will be taught in grade 1 and grade 7 (first year junior high school) are
not readily available. And the worst, according to TDC is the governments disregard to the
welfare of teachers when the hired the kinder teachers in contractual terms and will be paid
P3000 monthly for the special job. The group again asked malacanang to consider
postponement of the program and call for a wider dialogue, information dissemination or even
national debate. The group instead, challenged President Aquino to put necessary funds to
resolve the shortages in school inputs, most of them are actually backlogs of the past


This study utilized the descriptive method of research. A survey questionnaire which was pre-
tested and validated by experts was used to obtain data. The questionnaire was written in
American English for easier comprehension of questions being asked. Interviews were also used.
The respondents were 20 Grade school/High school students of different schools chosen
through purposive sampling. Prior to the identification of respondents, a list of students who
were reported by concerned authorities as having been in a situation where their curriculum is
either k to 12 or basic education.

Presentation, analysis and interpretation of data

This section summarizes the collected data and presents results of the data analysis. This also
includes explanations and applications of findings.

Table 1 N=20
Age of the respondents

Table 1
of respondents with their age. It shows that majority or 3 of the respondents each aged 10 years
old, 11 years old, 12 years old, and 14 years old, followed by 9 years old and 13 years old with 2
respondents each. And 1 respondent each aged 7 years old, 8 years old, 15 years old and 16
years old.

Table 2
Distribution of respondents by year level
Year level # of Respondents Percent
Grade 2 1 .05
Grade 4 4 .2
Grade 5 2 .1
Grade 6 4 .2
Grade 7 2 .1
Grade 8 3 .15
Grade 9 1 .05
year HS 1 .05
Year HS 2 .1
Table 2 presents the distribution of respondents by year level. Most of the respondents were
Grade 4 and Grade 6 students with 4 respondents each, followed by Grade 8 with 3
respondents. Grade 5, Grade 7 and 4
year HS with 2 respondents each, and lastly
Grade 2, Grade 9 and 2
Year HS with 1 respondent each.

Age # of Respondents Percent
7 1 .05
8 1 .05
9 2 .1
10 3 .15
11 3 .15
12 3 .15
13 2 .1
14 3 .15
15 1 .05
16 1 .05
Table 3
Gender Number of Respondents Percent
Male 12 .6
female 8 .4
Table 3 presents the gender of the respondents. Majority of the respondents were males with
12 respondents. 8 were female respondents.

Table 4
Current used teaching techniques of teachers
Teaching techniques Number of respondents Rank
Projector 8 2.5
Manila paper 15 1
Concept Maps 1 .5
Table 8 presents the teaching techniques that are being currently used by their teachers.
Majority of the students teachers use manila papers. Then projector then concept
maps. During the research, manila papers were still used by many teachers because it is
believed that by the traditional way the students will learn faster.

Table 5
Preferred teaching techniques of teachers
Teaching Techniques Number of respondents Rank
Projector 13 1
Manila paper 7 2
Concept Maps 0 3
Table 9 presents the preferred teaching techniques by students. Majority of the students chose
projector. During the research it is believed that our generation is more of a technology.
And because of that many students believed that if technology is used by teachers then
they will learn faster.

Table 6
Preferred curriculum
Curriculum Number of respondents Rank
Basic Curriculum 6 2
K-12 Curriculum 14 1
Table 6 presents the preferred curriculum of students. Majority of the students chose K-12
curriculum while 6 respondents chose Basic curriculum. During our study of both of
these curriculum, it is said that the K-12 curriculum is more efficient and that the longer
you study the more you gain knowledge and the more knowledge you have the higher
your degree is. Therefore, many respondents tend to choose the k-12 curriculum
because they believe that they can attain higher degree by the use of k-12 curriculum.

Summary, Conclusion and Recommendation

This study intends to find out the profile of the students, who are more likely to learn in a better
way, the most efficient way for them to understand their lessons, and the most effective
curriculum that could give a higher quality of education.
Based on the findings of the study, manila papers were the most used learning techniques of the
teachers. And according to the students, projectors are the most efficient way or a faster
learning way the teachers should use. And students also think that k-12 curriculum is the best
curriculum for them to attain higher degree and by that should be implemented throughout the

Studying is the key to success. Therefore it is important for us to know which is better for us to
attain higher education. K-12 curriculum, for the students, is better way of learning and can gain
more knowledge.

After assessing the efficient ways of learning and finding the most effective curriculum the
researchers came up with the following recommendations:
1. Teachers should plan a better and more lesson techniques that they think are more efficient
and that their students may learn faster.
2. Teachers should also let their students speak out their opinions in teaching for them to
know what is better in teaching.
3. Every school should accept the new curriculum for their students to have more experiences
in studying not also that but can give their school a higher standard of education.