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# Tsunami Hazard Worksheet/CGS

Part 1: Tsunami asics
!o" onto: http://conser#ation\$ca\$"o#/c"s
Welcome to the California Geolo"ical Sur#e% &CGS' (e)site*
Click on Geologic Hazards &the )ro(n ta) near the top of the pa"e'\$ Then on
the "reen )ar that appears )elo( it+ click on Tsunamis &on the far ri"ht'\$
This is the CGS Tsunami (e)site\$
Scroll do(n and click on ,**New**CGS Note Tsunamis
The pa"e that comes up should ha#e TSUNAMIS Note across the
top\$ -ead the first para"raph titled !"at is a tsunami#
1\$ What is one (a% a tsunami can )e "enerated.
/n earth0uake\$
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2\$ What is one difference )et(een a tsunami and a normal (a#e that )reaks on
the )each.
A tsunami breaks past the beach with max speeds of 500 mph
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-ead the ne3t t(o sections titled Tsunami !arning Signs and Tsunami Hero\$
4\$ What should %ou do if %ou are at the )each and feel stron" shakin" from an
earth0uake.
Mo#e to hi"h "round
5\$ What did Till% Smith see that (arned her that a tsunami (as comin".
The tide was rushing out and the ocean was bubbling.
Scroll do(n until the top of pa"e 2 appears\$ -ead the section titled Tsunami
Hazards in Cali%ornia\$
6\$ Tsunamis can )e caused )% either local or distant earth0uakes\$
7f the fi#e tsunamis that are descri)ed+ circle the %ear of the one that %ou
think (as the (orst and e3plain (h% on the space )elo(:
1899 1:12 1;5< 1;<5 299<
2006, I sa this because there was one death and 50 million deaths worth in damage.
Close the TSUNAMIS Note pa"e+ and return to the top of the CGS
Tsunami !e&site pa"e\$
Created by the California Geological Survey 10/11
Part 2: Tsunami Inundation Maps
=ear the top of the CGS Tsunami !e& Site pa"e+ click on ,US' N'!
INT'(ACTI)' G**G+' MA,S INT'(-AC' T* ACC'SS *--ICA+ INUN.ATI*N
MA,S -*( 'M'(G'NC/ ,+ANNING \$> This takes %ou to the tsunami inde3 map
for the state\$
Think of a place alon" the California coast that %ou and %our famil% ha#e #isited
or (ould like to #isit\$
T%pe the name of that cit% or )each in the search )o3\$
7r+ %ou can also click directl% on the California map and zoom in until %ou see
%our area\$ Continue to zoom in until %ou can read the names of all the streets\$
1\$ -ecord the name of the area %ou searched for:
7ran"e count%
The )lue area on the map is called the inundation zone+ and represents the
area that can )e affected )% a tsunami\$
2\$ If %ou (ere #isitin"+ (orkin" or li#in" in this zone+ name t(o (a%s %ou mi"ht
)e (arned that a tsunami could )e approachin":
&1' ?nusual shores
&2' ?nusual )u))lin"
4\$ If %ou are in a tsunami inundation zone and %ou recei#e a (arnin"+ (hat
should %ou do.
@#acuate\$
Part 4: Tsunami Inundation and @le#ation
While still on the interacti#e map (e)pa"e+ in the upper ri"ht corner of the map+
open the drop do(n menu la)eled Ma0 on the upper ri"ht+ and click on the
M1To0o option\$ This (ill chan"e the underl%in" map to a ?SGS topo"raphic
)ase map\$
The ed"e of the coastline represents seaAle#el\$ Sea Ale#el has an ele#ation of
zero feet\$ Contour lines represent (here the ele#ation is the same\$ Bor e3ample+
if %ou (alk alon" a 29Afoot contour line+ %ou (ill not "o up or do(n hillC %ou (ill
sta% at the same ele#ation\$
When scientists calculate the e3pected size of a tsunami alon" the California
coastline+ man% thin"s are taken into account: the cause of the tsunami+ ho( far the
(a#e tra#els from its source+ the shape of the coastline+ and the shape of the
Created by the California Geological Survey 10/11
sea floor near the coast\$ Scientists use the contour lines on topo"raphic maps
to sho( the limit of the inundation zone\$
Bor an area that scientists e3pect a 16Afoot tsunami+ the tsunami inundation line
(ould )e dra(n at an ele#ation of 16 feet\$ This (ould mean that e#er%thin" from
the shoreline to an ele#ation of 16 feet (ould )e co#ered )% that tsunami\$
Tsunamis can )e different sizes\$ The inundation line is dra(n at an ele#ation that
represents the lar"est tsunami that could )e "enerated for that area\$
T%pe ,Seal each> into the Searc" 2o3 and click search\$ Doom in as far as %ou
can\$ Make sure %ou still ha#e the )ase map still set at M1To0o\$
Bind ,4oeter Sc"ool on the map\$ &=ote ,School> is a))re#iated as
,Sch>'\$ Bind ,McGaug" Sc"ool\$>
1\$ Which school is inside the tsunami inundation area. Doether
Doeter School has an ele#ation of 14 ft\$
McGau"h School has an ele#ation of 22 feet\$
2\$ If the to(n of Seal each recei#ed a tsunami (arnin"+ (ould )oth schools
need to e#acuate their students. %es
4\$ @3plain (h%:
The% are )oth e3tremel% close to the ocean\$
The ne3t time %ou #isit the California coast+ look for
these )lue and (hite si"ns:
Created by the California Geological Survey 10/11