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ICS 23.020.30



National Standard of the Peoples Republic
of China
Pressure VesselsPart 2: Materials

2011-11-21 issue 2012-03-01enforcement
GB 150.22011
Partially Supersedes GB 1501998


Issued by : General Administration of Quality Supervision, Inspection and
Quarantine of the Peoples Republic of China
Standardization Administration of China

GB 150.2201

I
Contents
FORWORD II
1 SCOPE 1
2 NORMATIVE REFERENCE DOCUMENTS 1
3 GENENRAL REQUIREMENTS 2
4 STEEL PLATES 4
5 STEEL PIPES 13
6 STEEL FORGINGS 21
7 BOLTS AND NUTS STEEL BARS 26
APPENDIX ANORMATIVE APPENDIX SUPPLEMENT REQUIREMENT FOR MATERIALS 33
APPENDIX BINFORMATIVE APPENDIX MATERIAL PROPERTY VALUES AT ELEVATED
TEMPERATURE FOR REFERENCE 38
APPENDIX CINFORMATIVE APPENDIXHIGG ALLOY STEELS COMPARISON 47
APPENDIX DNORMATIVE APPENDIX REQUIREMENTS FOR Q235 SERIOUS STEEL PLATES
49
GB 150.2201
2
Foreword
Appendices B and C of this standard are informative appendices, whereas the others are mandatory
appendices.
This standard, GB 150 Pressure vessels, is composed of 4 parts.
Part 1: General requirements
Part 2: Materials
Part 3: Design
Part 4: Fabrication, Inspection, and acceptance
This part is the 2
nd
part of GB 150, Part 2: Materials. This part is formulated according to the rules
subscribed in GB/T 1.12009 Directives for standardization.
This part supersedes Chapter 4, Appendix A, Appendix F, and Appendix H of GB 1501998.
This part is revised according to technical development since the implementation of GB 1501998,
and the relevant provisions in TSG R0004-2009 Supervision Regulation on Safety Technology for
Stationary. Comparing to GB 1501998, changes are summarized as followings:
Steel standards referenced in Chapter 2 have been updated. Three standards, NB/T 47002.2
NB/T 47002.3, and NB/T 47002.4, are added for Nickel-Steel, Titanium-Steel, and Copper-Steel clad
plates. GB/T 21833 is added for austenitic-ferritic (duplex) stainless steel seamless tubes and pipes. GB/T
24593 is added. For welded tubes, GB/T 24593 is added for welded austenitic stainless steel for boiler
and heat-exchanger, and GB/T 21832 is added for austenitic-ferritic (duplex) stainless steel. GB/T 4226 is
added for cold finished stainless steel bars;
In the General Requirement of Chapter 3, the minimum impact test values for carbon steel and
low alloy steel (including plates, tube and pipes, and forgings) are raised according to the provision of
TSGR0004;
The minimum allowable stress values are redetermined according to the safety factor
prescribed in the TSG R0004;
Seven low alloy steel plate designates, 12Cr1MoVR, 12Cr2Mo1VR, 12MnNiVR, 15MnNiNbDR,
07MnNiMoDR, 08Ni3DR, and 06Ni9DR, as well as six high alloy steel plate designates, S11972, S30409,
S31008, S39042, S22253, and S22053, are added to Chapter 4.
In Chapter 4, the requirement of ultrasonic examination is increased for carbon steel and low
alloy steel. The lower limit of operating temperatures are particularized defined;
Two low alloy designates, 09MnNiD and 08Cr2AlMo, two austenitic high alloy designates,
1Cr19Ni9 and 0Cr25Ni20, and four austenitic-ferritic high alloy designates, S21953, S22253, S22053, and
S25073, for seamless steel tubes and pipes are added to Chapter 5. Also, five austenitic designates,
S30408, 30403, S31608, S31603, and S32168, and 3 austenitic-ferritic designates, S21953, S22253, and
S22053, for welded steel tubes and pipes are added to Chapter 5.
GB 150.2201

3
In Chapter 5, nozzles processed by steel bars are added, with relevant provisions.
In Chapter 6, 4 low alloy steel forging designates, 20MnNiMo, 12Cr2Mo1V, 12Cr3Mo1V, and
08Ni3D, 4 austeinitic steel forging designates, S30409, S31008, S31703, and S39042, and 2
austeinitic-ferritic steel forging designates, S22253 and S22053, are added.
In Chaper 7, for bolt(including stud) steel bars, the minimum impact test temperatures are
changed for crogenic bolt designates 35CrMoA and 40CrNiMoA, and the impact energy acceptance
values are raised for 30CrMoA, 35CrMoA, and 40CrNiMoA bolts. S31008, the high alloy bolt designate for
elevated temperature, and strain hardened S30408, the high alloy bolt designate for cryogenic
temperature are added.
In Appendix A, specifications for 4 low alloy steel plate, 12Cr2Mo1VR, 15MnNiNbDR, 08Ni3DR,
and 06Ni9DR, and specifications for 2 low alloy steel tubes and pipes, 09MnNiD and 08Cr2AlMo, are
added;
Appendix B lists relevant property data of new steel designates for reference;
Appendix C lists UNS numbers and steel designates of high-alloy steels in table;
Appendix D lists the provisions of steel Q235 series

Appendices A and D of this standard are normative appendices.
Appendices B and C of this standard are informative appendices.
This Standard is proposed and under the jurisdiction of China Standardization Committee on Boilers
and Pressure VesselsSAC/TC 262
The main Drafting Organizations: Hefei General Machinery Research Institute, China National
General Machinery Engineering Coorperation, China Special Equipment Inspection and researchInstitute,
China Metallurgical Information & Standardization Research Institute, Hefei Municipal Bureau of Quality
and Technical Supervision, Sinopec Engineering Incorporation, SESA of AQSIQ, Special Equipment Safety
Supercision Inspection Institute of Jiangsu Province.
The main drafters: Qin Xiaozhong, Zhang Xiaohu, Zhang Yong, Yang Guoyi, Gu Xianshan, Duan Rui,
Chang Yanyan, Miao Chunsheng, Yin Lijun.
The previous released standards that superseded by this part are:
GB 150.2201
4

Appendix A
(Normative appendix)
Supplement requirements for materials
A.1 General requirements
A.1.1 This appendix is the supplement of this standard for the following steels:
a Steels listed in this standard, but not listed in any other material standards (National standards or
industrial standards)
b Steels not listed in this standards
A.1.2 Besides conforming to the requirements of this appendix, the steel selected should also conform
to the correlated requirements of this standard.
A.1.3 For the selected steel which is not listed in this standard, according to TSG R0004, the steel mill
should get approval for the material technical evaluation and assessment before tryout.
A.1.4 For selecting foreign designate materials, it should conforming to requirements stipulated in TSG
R0004.
A.2 Low alloy steel plates
A.2.1 Requirements for 12Cr2Mo1VR steel plates
a Chemical compositionsheat analysis should conform to the requirements in Table A.1
Table A.1
Chemical composition %
C Si Mn P S Cr Mo
0.11~0.15 0.10 0.30~0.60 0.010 0.005 2.00~2.50 0.90~1.10
V Cu Ni Nb Ti B Ca
0.25~0.35 0.20 0.25 0.07 0.030 0.0020 0.015

b Tolerances of chemical composition for product analysis are P +0.003%S +0.002%, and other
elements should conform to the requirements in Table 2 of GB/T 222 or upon agreements
between suppliers and purchasers.
c Steel plates should be delivered under normalized (speed up water cooling is acceptable) plus
tempering condition, the tempering temperature should be not less than 675.
d Mechanical tests should be carried out by each plate, and the test results should conform to the
requirements stipulated in the table A.2.
Table A.2
Nominal
Thickness
mm
Tensile test (Transverse) Impact test (Transverse)
R
m

MPa
R
eL

MPa
A
%
Test Temperature

KV
2
J
GB 150.2201

5
30~120 590~760 415 17 -20 60

e Upon purchasers requirements, bend tests can be carried out for steel plate, the bending
diameter is 3 times of the thickness, bending angle is 180. After banding test, there should no
visible crack at the outside surface.
f Additional requirements for the chemical composition and mechanical properties should be
determined upon the agreement between suppliers and purchasers.
g Other items not stipulated in this article should conform to the related requirements in GB 713
A.2.2 Technical requirements for 15MnNiNbDR steel plates.
a Chemical composition (heat analysis) should conform to the requirements in Table A.3
Table A.3
Chemical composition%
C Si Mn P S Ni Nb
0.18 0.15~0.50 1.20~1.60 0.020 0.010 0.30~0.70 0.015~0.040

b Steel plates should be delivered under normalized condition, or normalized plus tempering
condition.
c Mechanical test results should conform to the requirements in Table A.4
Table A.4
Nominal
thickness
Mm
Tensile testTransverse Impact testTransverse
R
m

MPa
R
eL

MPa
A
%
Test temperature

KV
2

J
10~16 530~630 370
20 -50 60 >16~36 530~630 360
>36~60 520~620 350

d Upon purchasers requirements, bend tests can be carried out for steel platethe bending
diameter is 3 times of the thickness, and the bending angle is 180. After bending test, there
should be no visible crack at the outside surface.
e Other items not stipulated in this article should conform to the related requirements in GB 3531.
A.2.3 Technical requirement for 08Ni3DR
a Chemical compositionsheat analysis should conform to the requirements in Table A.5
Table A.5
Chemical composition%
C Si Mn P S Ni Mo V
0.10 0.15~0.35 0.30~0.80 0.015 0.010 3.25~3.70 0.12
0.05

b Steel plates should be delivered under normalized condition, normalized (speed up water
cooling is acceptable) plus tempering condition, or offline quenching plus tempering condition.
GB 150.2201
6
The tempering temperature should be not less than 600.
c Mechanical test results should conform to the requirement in Table A.6. If the steel plates are
delivered under normalized (speed up water cooling is acceptable) plus tempering condition, or
offline quenching plus tempering condition, mechanical tests should be performed for each
plate.
Table A.6
Nominal
thickness
mm
Tensile test (Transverse) Impact testTransverse
R
m

MPa
R
eL

MPa
A
%
Test temperature

KV
2

J
6~60 490~620 320
21 -100 47
>60~100 480~610 300

d Upon purchasers requirements, bend tests can be carried out for steel plate, the bending
diameter is 3 times of the thickness, and bending angle is 180. After banding test, there should
be no visible crack at the outside surface.
e Other items not stipulated in this article should conform to the related requirements in GB 3531.
A.2.4 Requirements for 06Ni9DR steel plates:
a Chemical composition (heat analysis) should conform to the requirements in Table A.7
Table A.7
Chemical composition%
C Si Mn P S Ni Mo V
0.08 0.35 0.30~0.80 0.008 0.004 8.50~10.00 0.10 0.01
Cr+Cu+Mo0.50%

b Permissible variations in chemical composition areP+0.003%S+0.002%and other elements
should conform to Table 2 of GB/T 222
c Steel plates should be delivered under offline quenching plus tempering condition. Steel plates
that the thickness is not greater than 12mm can be delivered under twice
normalized-plus-tempering condition. The tempering temperature should be not less than 540.
c Mechanical tests should be performed for each plate, and test results should conform to the
requirement in Table A.8.
Table A.8
Nominal
thickness
mm
Tensile testTransverse Impact testTransverse
R
m

MPa
R
eL

MPa
A
%
Test temperature

KV
2

J
6~30
680~820
560
18 -196 100
>30~40 550

e Upon purchasers requirements, bend tests can be carried out for steel plate the bending
diameter is 3 times of the thickness, and the bending angle is 180. After bending test, there
GB 150.2201

7
should be no visible crack available at the outside surface;
f Other items not stipulated in this article should conform to the related requirements in GB 3531.
A.3 Low alloy steel tubes and pipes
A 3.1 Requirements for 12Cr2Mo1 steel tubes and pipes
a Chemical compositionsheat analysisshould conform to the requirements in Table A.9.
Table A.9
Chemical composition%
C Si Mn P S Cr Mo
0.08~0.15 0.50 0.40~0.60 0.025 0.015 2.00~2.50 0.90~1.10

b Steel tubes and pipes should be delivered under normalized plus tempering condition, and the
tempering temperature should be not less than 700.
c Mechanical properties should conform to Table A.10
Table A.10
Nominal thickness
mm
Tensile testLongitudinal Impact testLongitudinal
R
m

MPa
R
eL

MPa
A
%
Test temperature

KV
2

J
30 450~600 280 22 20 40

d Other items not stipulated in this article should conform to the related requirements in GB 9948
A.3.2 Requirements for 09MnD steel tubes and pipes
a Chemical compositionsheat analysisshould conform to the requirements in Table A.11
Table A.11
Chemical composition%
C Si Mn P S Als
0.12 0.15~0.35 1.15~1.50 0.020 0.010 0.015

b Steel tubes and pipes should be delivered under normalized condition;
c Mechanical properties should conform to table A.12. Impact test specimens should be taken
from steel billets (tube blanks), longitudinal sampling, normalized
Table A.12
Normalized thickness
mm
Tensile testlongitudinal Impact testlongitudinal
R
m

MPa
R
eL

MPa
A
%
Test temperature

KV
2

J
8 420~560 270 25 -50 47

d Other items not stipulated in this article should conform to the related requirements in GB 9948
A.3.3 Requirements for 09MnNiD steel tubes and pipes:
a Chemical compositionsheat analysisshould conform to the requirements in Table A.13
GB 150.2201
8
Table A.13
Chemical composition%
C Si Mn P S Ni Nb Als
0.12 0.15~0.50 1.20~1.60 0.020 0.010 0.30~0.80 0.04 0.015

b Steel tubes and pipes should be delivered under normalized condition
c Mechanical properties should conform to table A.14. Impact test specimens should be taken
from steel billets (tube blanks), longitudinal sampling, normalized
Table A.14
Nominal thickness
mm
Tensile testlongitudinal Impact testLongitudinal
R
m

MPa
R
eL

MPa
A
%


KV
2
J
8 440~580 280 24 -70 47

d Other items not stipulated in this article should conform to the related requirements in GB 9948
A.3.4 Requirments for 08Cr2AlMo steel tubes and pipes
a Chemical compositionsheat analysisshould conform to the requirements in Table A.15
Table A.15
Chemical composition%
C Si Mn P S Cr Al Mo
0.05~0.10 0.15~0.40 0.20~0.50 0.025 0.015 2.00~2.50 0.30~0.70 0.30~0.40

b Steel tubes and pipes should be delivered under normalized plus tempering condition, and
tempering temperature should be not less than 680
c Mechanical properties of steel tubes and pipes should conform to Table A.16
Table A.16
Nominal
thickness
mm
Tensile test longitudinal
R
m

MPa
R
eL

MPa
A
%
8 400~540 250 25

d Other items not stipulated in this article should conform to the related requirements in GB 9948
A.3.5 Requirements for 09CrCuSb steel tubes and pipes:
a Chemical compositionsheat analysisshould conform to the requirements in Table A.17
Table A.17
Chemical compostion%
C Si Mn P S Cr Cu Sb
0.12 0.20~0.40 0.35~0.65 0.030 0.020 0.70~1.10 0.25~0.45 0.04~0.10

GB 150.2201

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b Steel tubes and pipes should be delivered under normalized condition
c Mechanical properties of steel tubes and pipes should conform to Table A.18
Table A.18
Nominal thickness
mm
Tensile test longitudinal
R
m

MPa
R
eL

MPa
A
%
8 390~550 245 25
d Corrosion tests should be carried out for steel tubes and pipes, 1 sepcimen should be taken from
each of the two tubes/pipes for each lot, and the length of each tube/pipe sample is 10mm. In the
mass fraction of 50% H
2
SO
4
solution at 702 temperature soaking for 24h, the average of
corrosion rate of the two samples should is not greater than 80g/m
2
h, or 140g/m
2
h, and
specific requirement is specified in contract;
e Other items not stipulated in this article should conform to the related requirements in GB 9948