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Harm

damage to body
caused by accidents, falls, hits, weapons etc
range from minor to life-threatening
can happen at work or play,
indoors or outdoors,
driving a car,
walking across the street.



Harm or hurt. To harm, hurt, or wound. The
word injure may be in physical or emotional
sense. From the Latin injuria meaning injury.

Injury
Soft
Skin
Muscles
Bony
Fractured
bones
dislocated
joints
injuries tend to be divided into two
categories:
soft tissue injuries (anything except bone)
bony injury, which means either the bone is
broken (fracture) or the bones are out of
their normal alignment (dislocation).

where two bones meet
ends of the bones that move against each
other are protected by cartilage
enclosed within a joint capsule
attached to bones by tendons
Ligaments; supporting bands which connect
one bone to the other, helping to hold the
joint stable.

may be cut or burned
cuts and scratches on the sports field are
become infected
symptoms ranging from a minor pain when
you move,
tear or rupture
may be bleeding, swelling and possibly a
dead leg caused by pressure on nerves

R = Relative rest
I = Ice applied to the injured part
C = Compressive bandaging
E = Elevation




complete rest
limit your activities
cut back on training or change to another
type of exercise
maintain physical fitness
Ice reduces the amount of bleeding and
bruising by cooling the blood vessels under
the skin, making them constrict
careful in applying ice, not to burn the skin
wrap the ice in a flannel or use a proper ice
pack
important component of treatment of an
acute injury,

effective in a limb injury
prevent further bleeding and swelling

allows the tissue fluid to drain away
help to reduce the size of the swelling
relieve pain

Fractured bones
dislocated joints
causes much soft tissue injury
bleeding into muscle
swelling and pain
Blisters
Abrasions
Cuts and lacerations
Bruises
Burns
Fungal infections
Verrucas and corns
Facial injuries
Cauliflower ear
Broken nose
Broken cheekbone
Fractures of the jaw
Dental injuries


caused by shearing forces
smearing the skin with
petroleum jelly may prevent
friction
puncture it with a sterile
needle, then cover it with a
dressing to prevent further
damage.

Wash broken and grazed
skin with soap and water
or an antiseptic agent to
remove dirt, then cover
it with a sterile dressing.

produced by a sharp edge
such as broken glass or the
blade of a knife
a laceration is a ragged cut
usually caused by a blunt
object

caused by bleeding under the
skin
very extensive bruises are
called haematomas
A haematoma is a collection of
blood within a space
occur within joints
Minor bruises require little
treatment
usually caused by friction rather
than physical heat
may also be caused by one body
part rubbing repeatedly against
another (such as inner thighs in
runners).
Covering the area with
petroleum jelly can prevent
this.
cause an irritating itch
Picked by direct contact
with floors
shower rooms and other
moist surfaces
Using the same towel all
week
Occurs at
eyes, ears,
nose and
mouth
nasal cartilages dislocate
from the bone they cause
deformity
face may look flattened and there
may be blood in the white of the
eye
difficult to open your mouth so
you have to talk through your
teeth.
include pain in the jaw
trouble talking or gritting
your teeth
blood in your saliva.
preventable by wearing
gumshield
Dislocated shoulder
Broken collar bone
Tennis elbow
Golfers elbow
Finger and thumb injuries