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Unit 4B Vocabulary: Concepts 1 & 2

The build-up of armies and navies to protect and defend home


countries and colonies.
An agreement between nations to defend and protect partner
Alliances
nations.
Nationalism
Intense pride for ones country.
Vladimir Lenin
Leader of the Bolshevik Party during the Russian Revolution.
A political theory that gives the government complete control of the
Communism
economy. All land, businesses, and goods are owned by the
government.
First Communist party during the Russian Revolution. Led by Vladimir
Bolshevik Party
Lenin
Czar Nicholas Romanov The last monarch of Imperial Russia. Removed from power during
II
the Russian Revolution.
A civil war that occurred in Russia during World War I which took
Russian Revolution
their country out of the war
A time period between 1914-1918 during which world powers
World War I
fought due to nationalism, ethnic and ideological conflicts, and
rivalries
A member of the National German Socialist Workers Party that
Nazi
controlled Germany from 1933-1945.
Nazism
The ideology and practice of the Nazi Party and of Nazi Germany
A period of low general economic activity with widespread
Depression
unemployment
Head of the Nazi Party and dictator of Germany from 1933-1945.
Believed that Aryans (Germans) were the master race, established
Adolf Hitler
alliances with Italy to take control of Europe, and planned the mass
genocide of the Jews and other undesirables in Europe.
Propaganda
Information that is spread for the purpose of promoting some cause
An agreement or arrangement made by negotiations, usually done at
Treaty
the end of a war
Payment by a government to a group of people for loss or damage.
Reparations
Often after a war.
Militarism

Unit 4B Vocabulary: Concepts 3 & 4


World War II
Holocaust
Genocide
Ghetto
Concentration Camps
Philosophies
Superpowers
Cold War
Reunification
Developing Nations

A time period from 1939-1945 during which world powers fought in


part due to Germany and Japans desire to expand their empires.
Term used for the systematic destruction of the Jewish people of
Eastern Europe by Hitler
The deliberate killing of a large group of people, especially those of a
particular ethnic or religious group.
An area of a city to which Jews were restricted and from which they
were forbidden to leave
Work and death camps located in Germany and Poland to
incarcerate and exterminate Jews and other undesirables
Ideas attributed to a particular group or culture
Term used to describe the United States and the Soviet Union as
they entered the Cold War
A struggle that erupted between the Soviet Union and its former
allies over ideas about freedom, government and economics. It is
called this as there was no shooting
The process in which East and West Germany reunited into one
country
General countries which have not achieved a significant degree of
industrialization relative to their populations, and which have, in
most cases a medium to low standard of living