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BEAM DESIGN CRITERIA (ONE WAY SYSTEM)

FOR 2nd FLOOR


f'c
fy

Clear Covering

EXTERIOR & INTERIOR BEAM


=
=
=
=

20.7
400
0.9
50

(Mpa)
(Mpa)

DESCRIPTION OF BEAM:

GIRDER

(mm)

Es

200,000
0.85

(Mpa)

60

(mm)

340

(mm)

(allowance for stirrups are included)

BEAM

PRELIMINARY DIMENSION OF GIRDER BEAM:


b=
h=

200
400

(mm)
(mm)

ASSUMED TENSION REINFORCEMENT DIAMETER

20

(mm)

Solve for max.

max.

max.

max.

0.75 (0.85) f'c 600


fy ( 600 + fy )
0.75 (0.85) (0.85) ( 20.7 ) 600
400 ( 600 + 400 )
0.0168252

I. DESIGN FOR GIRDER:

Mu

(kN/m)

131.709

Maximum moment from shear and moment


diagram (STAAD Pro V.8)

Use max. as to produce maximum capacity of the beam:

max.

fy
f'c

Steel Covering
Effective Depth
Effective Depth

0.0168252
( 0.01682521875 ) ( 400 )
20.7

Clear cover
=
+ (1/2)tension reinforcement
=
d
=
=
d
=

h - steel covering
400 - 50 - 10

Max.cap.

f'c b(d) (1 - 0.59)

Max.cap.

(0.9)(20.7)(200)((340)^2)(0.325125)[1 - 0.59(0.325125)]

Max.cap.

113.1767278

(kN-m)

CHECK IF SINGLY OR DOUBLY REINFORCED:


I. if
II. If

0.325125

(design as Singly Reinforced)


(design as Doubly Reinforced)

And Since,
Mu > Max.(cap.)
Thus,

DOUBLY REINFORCED DESIGN

GOVERN

#REF!
Mu
From:
Mu

Ru

(kN-m)

131.709

200

(mm)

340

(mm)

Ru b(d)
Mu
b(d)

0.0206904

Check for max. and min.:


0.75 b
max.
=
0.75 (0.85) f'c 600
fy ( 600 + fy )
0.75 (0.85) (0.85) (20.7) 600
400 ( 600 + 400 )
0.0168252

max.

max.

max.

min.

1.4
fy

min.

min.

1.4
400
0.0035

131.709 (1000^2)
0.9 (200) (340^2)

6.32972895

Check whether max. > > min. :


1. max. >
> max. (INCREASE DEPTH)
2. > min.
> min. (DESIGN IS OK)
DECISION:
Use =

0.0035

As = 0.0035 (200) (340)


As =
238
use

mm

20 mm bars:

No. of Bars Needed:

n=

As
As20

no. of bars =

238

0.7575775

(20)^2/4
say

bars

New :

New As:

As
bd

2 (20)^2/4
(200) (340)

As =
0.00923997839411765 (200) (340)
As = 628.31853 mm

0.00924

CHECK FOR SHEAR (VERTICAL STIRRUPS DESIGN)

Vu

70.514

=
Vc

(kN)

(20.7) (200) (340)


6
51.56355302
(kN)

CONDITION:
If Vu > Vc, stirrups are necessary
If Vu < Vc, but Vu > (1/2) Vc, Minimum area of stirrups are required
If Vu < (1/2) Vc, maximum spacing stirrup is required though it is not needed
Vc
(1/2) Vc

=
=

43.82902007
21.91451003
70.514 > 43.829020066618

(kN)
(kN)
(stirrups are necessary)

0.85

Vu > Vc
SHEAR STRENGTH, Vs:

Vn

Vs
Vs

=
=

Vu

Vn - Vc
=
31.39409404

70.514
0.85

82.957647

(kN)

82.9576470588235 - 51.5635530195505
(kN)

CONDITION:

2
3

(20.7) (200) (340)

31.394094039273 <= 206.254212078202

SPACING OF STIRRUPS:
Diameter of Stirrups:

SPACING, S
Av

10

=
D2
4

206.2542121

(kN)

(no need to adjust the size of the beam)

(mm)

Av fy d
Vs
x2

(10^2) x 2
4

157.0796327

(mm2)

SPACING, S
say

=
=

(157.0796327) (400) (340)


31.394094039273(1000)
680
(mm)

680.4728947

(mm)

Since S > 25 mm, Spacing is OK

MAXIMUM SPACING, Smax.:


CONDITION:

1
3

(20.7) (200) (340)

31.394094039273 <= 206.254212078202,

Smax.

Smax.

2
600

(mm)

Use smallest value:


Smax.

170

(mm)

Smax.

170

(mm)

OR

say

206.2542121

(kN)

Smax. = d/2 or 600 mm (whichever is smaller)

340
2

170

(mm)

Vu < Vc, but Vu > (1/2) Vc


MINIMUM AREA OF STIRRUP, Av:
d

340

Smax.

Smax.

600

(mm)

Use smallest value:


Smax.

170

(mm)

say

Smax.

170

(mm)

Min. Av

OR

bw S
3 fy

200 (170)
3 (400)

[(4 x 28.3333333333333)/(2 x )

Thus,use smallest steel bar diameter


D
=

10

(mm)

170

(mm)

28.33333333

(mm)

(mm )

DOUBLY REINFORCED DESIGN

200
mm

0.85 f'c
C2 = A's f's

d'
C1

A's

a
d (mm) =
340

c
340- d'

340 - (a/2)
As
T1 = As1fy

T2 = As2fy

Using max. as to produce maximum As1 :


=

max.

As1

max. (bd)

As1

0.01682521875 (200) (340)

As1

Solving for a and c:


[T = C1 + C2]

Mu

1144.114875

131.709

(mm2)

(Assumed fs = fy)
0.85 f'c ab = As1 fy

[ a = c ]

c
c

=
=

As1 fy

0.85 f'c b
130.05
a/

(mm)

= 130.05/0.85
153
(mm)

Solving for Mu1, Mu2, and As2:

but

0.0168252

Mu1

Max.cap.

Mu1

Mu2

Mu2

18.53227216

(kN-m)

Mu2

T2 (d - d')

Assumed d'

113.1767278

(kN-m)

Mu - Mu1

60

(mm)

As2 fy (d - d')

1144.114875 (400)
0.85 (20.7) (200)

Mu2

As2
As2

fy (d - d')

183.8519064

18.5322721642016 (1000^2)
0.9 (400) (340 - 60)

(mm2)

CHECK IF BOTH STEEL WILL YIELD:


y

fy
Es

400
200,000

0.002

A. For Tension Steel


S

0.003

d-c

0.003 (d - c)
c

0.003666667

0.003 (340 - 153)


153

Since,
s > y
Thus,
TENSION STEEL YIELDS then the assumption fs = fy is correct
B. For Compression Steel:
'S

0.003

c - d'
's

's

c
0.003 (c - d')

0.003 (153 - 60)

153

0.001823529

Since,
's < y
Thus,
COMPRESSION STEEL WILL NOT YIELD then use f's
f's

's Es

0.00182352941176471 (200,000)

f's

364.70588

(Mpa)

CHECK FOR SHEAR (VERTICAL STIRRUPS DESIGN)

Vu

110.319
=

Vc

(kN)

(20.7) (200) (340)


6
51.56355302
(kN)

CONDITION:
If Vu > Vc, stirrups are necessary
If Vu < Vc, but Vu > (1/2) Vc, Minimum area of stirrups are required
If Vu < (1/2) Vc, maximum spacing stirrup is required though it is not needed
Vc
(1/2) Vc

=
=

43.82902007
21.91451003
110.319 > 43.829020066618

(kN)
(kN)
(stirrups are necessary)

DOUBLY REINFORCED DESIGN

0.003
'S
c - d'

340 - c
S

131.709

1144.114875 (400)
0.85 (20.7) (200)

kN-m

9 > 43.829020066618

0.85

(stirrups are necessary)

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF BEAMS

f's > fy, then use f's - fy:


A's

A's

NO. OF BARS:

say

As2

183.8519064

Use

A's
As20

(mm2)

20 mm bars
183.8519064
(20^2) /4

0.5852188

bars

TOTAL TENSION REINFORCEMENT:


As

As

NO. OF BARS:

say

As1 + As2

1327.966781
Use

As
As20

bars

1144.114875 + 183.851906390889
(mm2)
25 mm bars
1327.966781
(25^2) /4

2.7053117

DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF BEAMS

f's < fy, then use f's:


A's

A's

NO. OF BARS:

say

fy
f's

As2

A's
As20

364.7058824

(mm2)

201.6440264

Use

183.851906390889(400)

20 mm bars
201.6440264
(20^2) /4

0.6418529

bars

TOTAL TENSION REINFORCEMENT:


As

As

NO. OF BARS:

say

As1 + As2

1144.114875 + 183.851906390889
(mm2)

1327.966781
Use

As
As20

25 mm bars
1327.966781

bars

CE51FB1
CE514D2 - REINFORCED CONCRETE DESIGN

(25^2) /4

2.7053117

Vu > Vc
SHEAR STRENGTH, Vs:
Vn

Vs
Vs

=
=

Vu

Vn - Vc
=
78.2235058

110.319
0.85

129.78706

(kN)

129.787058823529 - 51.5635530195505
(kN)

CONDITION:

2
3

(20.7) (200) (340)

78.2235058039789 <= 206.254212078202

SPACING OF STIRRUPS:
Diameter of Stirrups:
SPACING, S
Av

SPACING, S
say

10
=
D2
4
=
=

206.2542121

(kN)

(no need to adjust the size of the beam)

(mm)

Av fy d
Vs
x2

(10^2) x 2

(157.0796327) (400) (340)


78.2235058039789(1000)
270
(mm)

4
=

157.0796327

273.09988

(mm)

(mm2)

Vu < Vc, but Vu > (1/2) Vc


MINIMUM AREA OF STIRRUP, Av:
d

340

Smax.

Smax.

600

(mm)

Use smallest value:


Smax.

170

(mm)

say

Smax.

170

(mm)

Min. Av

OR

bw S
3 fy

200 (170)
3 (400)

[(4 x 28.3333333333333)/(2 x )

Thus,use smallest steel bar diameter


D
=

10

(mm)

170

(mm)

28.33333333

(mm)

(mm )