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BTEC 2012

Unit 1 The Online World

Name: Chloe Stone

Lesson 9 Data Exchange


(Student Book B Pg 11 - 14)

Starter What is the role of a CODEC? What is a CODEC another


name for?
This program is used to digitize an analogue voice signal, then compress it and split it into internet
packets for transmission, a device or program used to encode or decode data.

1. Explain what VoIP stands for and how it works.


VoIP is a group of internet protocols which provide a means of sending voice and multimedia
communication over the internet rather than by public telephone networks.

2. There are three transmission modes used in communication,


these are shown in the diagram below. Explain what each is and
how it operates.

Transmission Mode

Description
It sends data in one direction only. A radio broadcast is a good example of
simplex transmission.

Simplex

Half Duplex

Duplex (Full Duplex)

It allows two-way transmissions but the devices dont transmit at the same
time. A system being used to monitor and control manufacturing processes
can use half-duplex transmissions. It will send a message to the control
computer, which will respond with new settings, but they both cannot send
messages at the same time.
It allows two-way communication at the same time. The telephone system,
land or mobile, is an example of a full duplex system.

A.Silver

BTEC 2012
Unit 1 The Online World

Name: Chloe Stone

A.Silver

BTEC 2012
Unit 1 The Online World

Name: Chloe Stone

3. The table below shows the main transmission methods that are
used. Complete the table to find out the key details, benefits and
limitations of each.
Wired
Type
Cable used

UTP / STP
Unshielded twisted pair
(UTP) cables are basic
pairs of cables twisted
together. Shielded
twisted pair (STP)
cables are similar to an
unshielded twisted pair
but have a foil shielding.

Coaxial
Solid wire core
separated from a
copper-braided
outer cable by a
plastic insulation
sheath. the inner
cable Transmits the
data and the outer
cables connect to
earth.

Fibre Optic
Glass or plastic cables
which use total
internal
reflection of light to
transmit data.
Normally uses LED or
laser visible light,
although infrared has
also been used.

Max Speed

250 Mbps

1,000 Mbps

2.4 Gbps

Max Distance

100 m

100 m

50 km

Benefits

Twisting cancels out


Some Interference, and
very low cost and
adaptable.

Its fast and reliable.

Its fast and works over


Long distances with little
Interference.

Limitations

Slower with less capacity Costs more than UTP/Complex connection and
Than other cables, and canSTP.
used
And Susceptible termination equipment.
only be used over short
to noise.
distances.

Example of use

A analogue telephone
Network.

A Connection to cable The cable networks use


TV networks. Aerial/ fibre from their source to
Dish connection to TV.the distribution panels
in the street. From there
they use coaxial cable to
each individual
households.

Wireless
Type
Cable used

Infrared
Short range data

Microwave
Satellite
Short wavelength radio Data is transmitted from
3

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BTEC 2012
Unit 1 The Online World

Name: Chloe Stone

transmissions using
transmissions working atEarth to a satellite,
infrared light (just beyond
very high frequencies. Which relays it to the
visible light). This is the
Relevant receiving
same technology as is
station back on earth.
used in TV handsets.

Max Speed

4 Mbps

300 Gbps

Huge

Max Distance

100 m

100 m

500 km to 36,000 km

Benefits

Tends to be reliable.

Signal degrades very


little over long
distanaces.

Can increase the


Distance a network
can reach.

Limitations

Its Short range, and


Devices must be in directExpensive.
Devices must be in a line of sight, and can be
direct line of sight, and affected by rain,pollen
Can suffer from externaland sun spot activity, and they
interference.
can suffer from external
interference.

Example of use

Keyboard, printer,
Earth to satellite
Mouse to processor unit.communication.
And handsets.
And bluetooth.

Global communication
Systems.

Plenary How many geostationary satellites are there in orbit and


what do they provide?
There are approximately 300 operational geostationary satellites in
orbit, and They provide a broad range of functions,including
communications, weather forecasting, television broadcasting and
defence and intelligence gathering operations.

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