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Acid-Base Titration

22 September 2014


The main objective of this experiment are To determine the concentration of a solution of

hydrochloric acid using primary standard of potassium hydrogen phthalate (KHP) and phenolpthalein
as an indicator. Titration is an analytical method used to determine the exact amount of a substance
by reacting that substance with a known amount of another substance. The completed reaction of a
titration is usually indicated by a color change. The neutralization reaction between the acid and
base can be measured with either a color indicator. A burret is used to deliver solution in

precisely-measured, variable volumes. Burets are used primarily for titration, to deliver one
reactant until the precise end point of the reaction is reached. In this experiment,it is filled
with sodium hydroxide.Pipette used to transfer the exact volume of the acid solution into
the flask.
Balanced equation involved in the experiment
Part A- neutralization reaction of KHP with NaOH

Cl 2 (aq) Na( g ) NaCl 2

This experiment consist of 3 parts
Part A-Standardization of sodium hydroxide
1-On the analytical balance, 0.25 grams of potassium phthalate (KHPh) (204.22 g/mol) to the nearest
0.0001 g on a piece of weighing paper. Record the exact mass. Transfer the KHPh to the three 250
mL Erlenmyer flasks and add about 25 mL of DI water to each flask.
2- Take 500 ml of NaOhH into a beaker
3-Fill the burette with NaOH solution
3.Make sure that the KHP dissolved completely by swirl the flask.
4-When the KHP dissolved completely,add 2 drops of phenolphthalein to each flask and make sure
colourless solution obtained.
5-Record the initial volume readings and titrate the sample to the fade pink end-point. Record the
final volume readings.
6-Record the volume of Naoh used to neutralize KHP
7-Repeat the procedure for a total of 3 trials

The objective of this exercise is to prepare and accurately determine the concentration of a solution
of NaOH, and to use that standardized solution in the determination of the concentration of acid.
The first step is the preparation of a sodium hydroxide solution whose concentration is
approximately known. The second step is the determination of the
concentration accurately by titration with a solution containing a known concentration of a primary