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Multilevel
Inverter Using

Guided By,
SANJAY S P
Asst Professor
Dept of EEE

Particle Swarm
Optimization

Presented By,
SUJIN J S
Roll No : 003
Dept of EEE

INTRODUCTION
Harmonics

## What is the need for eliminate the

harmonics?

MULTILEVEL inverters
high power ratings and high quality
output waveforms

Modulation methods
1.sinusoidal pulse width modulation (PWM)
2.space-vector PWM

## Selective Harmonic Elimination (SHE)

method
Particle Swarm Optimization (PSO)

POWER TOPOLOGY OF
MULTILEVEL INVERTER

## (a) Topology of a single-phase cascaded inverter. (b)

Staircase output phase voltage.

modulation,
control,
protection requirements.
Number of output-phase-voltage levels in a
cascade multilevel inverter : 2s + 1
s is the number of separated DC sources

## Cascaded inverters can be connected in Y or .

HARMONIC-ELIMINATION
PROBLEM WITH NONEQUAL DC
SOURCES

## Number of harmonics which can be

eliminated from the output voltage of the
inverter is s 1.

PSO

## The sociological behavior which is

modeled in the PSO system
The individuals in the population are
called particles.

## Particle is determined by 2 vectors

1. position vector (Xi)
2. velocity vector (Vi)
Xi = [xi1, xi2, . . . , xiD]
Vi = [vi1, vi2, . . . , viD]

## The best position of particle Pi,

Pi = [pi1, pi2, . . . , piD]

FORMULATING THE
PROBLEM

## 1) Get the data for the system

2) Generate the initial conditions of each particle

## 4) Update the personal best position of the

particles obtained from PSO method
5) Update the velocity and position vectors
6) Termination criteria

CONCLUSION
The Particle Swarm Optimization has been
proposed to solve the Selective Harmonic
Elimination problem with nonequal dc
multilevel inverters.

REFERENCES
D. G. Holmes and T. A. Lipo, Pulse Width Modulation for Power
Converters. Piscataway, NJ: IEEE Press, 2003.
J. Kennedy and R. Eberhart, Swarm Intelligence. San Mateo, CA: Morgan
Kaufmann, 2001.
L. G. Franquelo, J. Rodriguez, J. I. Leon, S. Kouro, R. Portillo, andM. A.
M. Prats, The age of multilevel converters arrives, IEEE Ind.Electron.
Mag., vol. 2, no. 2, pp. 2839, Jun. 2008.
M. Malinowski, K. Gopakumar, J. Rodriquez, and M. Perez, A survey on
cascaded multilevel inverters, IEEE Trans. Ind. Electron., vol. 57, no.
7,pp. 21972206, Jul. 2010.

THANK YOU