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Rococo Art

Shannon Kehoe, Emily Tucker,


Kelley Gallagher
Historical Background
 1715-1790
 Started in France and affected mostly Germany,
Austria, England, and Italy
 Caused by new ideas and optimism about
humanity
 Was a reaction to French Classicism/Baroque art
 Comes from the French word “rocaille”, meaning
small stones and shells
 Pastel colors
 a light-hearted mood
 curving forms, and fanciful figures
 Very sensuous
 Often defined as “naturalistic”
Characteristics of Painting

 Pastel colors
 a light-hearted mood
 curving forms, and fanciful figures
 Very sensuous
French Classicism:

Nicolas Pissin: Landscape with the Ashes of Phocion


Jean-Honoré Fragonard
 French
 1732–1806
 Best known for his later
paintings
 fluid lines, frothy flowers
amid loose foliage
 Ladies and their lovers
or peasant mothers with
children
 considered the
embodiment of the
Rococo spirit
“The Swing” (1767)
Jean-Honoré Fragonard

“The Stolen Kiss” (late 1780s)


Francois Boucher
 1703-1770
 French painter
 1723 won the Prix
de Rome
 One of his patrons
was Marquise de
Pompadour (Louis
XV’s mistress)

Madame de Pompadour 1759


Portrait of Mademoiselle Bergeret (1746) by Francois Boucher
Adélaïde Labille-
Guiard
French (Paris,
France) (1749-
1803)
Created 1785
Oil On Canvas

Self-Portrait with
Two Pupils,
Mademoiselle
Marie Gabrielle
Capet (1761-1818)
and Mademoiselle
Carreaux de
Rosemond (died
1788)
Adélaïde Labille-
Guiard
(Continued)

Portrait of Louise-
Elisabeth de France
Duchess of Parma
and Her Son
Ferdinand

(1786)
Rococo Architecture
Architecture
 Most popular in France and the Holy
Roman Empire
 Interiors and the decorative arts
 Curves and elaborate ornamentation
 Gentler, lighter, more “whimsical”
than Baroque
 Asymmetrical decoration and pastel
colors
Mafra National Palace
 88 m long, 9.5 m wide
and 13 m high
 By Manuel Caetano de
Sousa
 floor has tiles of rose,
grey and white marble
 Two rows of wooden
bookshelves
 35,000 leather-bound
volumes
Built from 1707 to 1750
Hall of Mirrors at
Amalienburg
 Francois Cuvillies
 pale delphinium
blue walls and
ceiling
 carved silver from
floor up
 1734 to 1740
Rococo Furniture
Characteristics of Rococo
Furniture
 Was scaled to a PERSON's size,
rather than the room it was built for.
 Was used as an accent to help
transform the room into a work of art
all its own.
 Has curled or “hoofed”, feet
 Many designs centered on nature
Jacques Dubois

 Born 1693,
died 1763
 French

Writing desk 1749


•Commode, 1750
•Made from rosewood, violet wood, gilded bronze, red marble
•Gilt wood mirror (1750)
•Worth $120 to $180 THOUSAND
today
Thomas Chippendale
 1718-1779
 English
 Created different
pieces with different
styles, including
Gothic and Rococo
 First to publish a book
containing his
designs: The Cabinet
Maker’s Director
Parlor Chair
 Thomas Chippendale
 “Her” chair
 No arm rests
 1762
The Director and the
Unmakeable Chair
• Published in 1762
• Contains mostly
Rococo designs
• Still used today:
 Thomas Chippendale Furniture - Rococo Chair
• The “Unmakeable
Chair”
 Was a “Husband’s
Chair”
Rococo Sculpture
Étienne Maurice
Falconet
Paris, France
(1716-1791)

By Marie-Anne Collot

A sculpture of Étienne-Maurice
Bather
Falconet (1773)
(1757)
Étienne Maurice Falconet
(Continued)

 Peter the Great


 Created 1766-
1778
 Made in Russia
 Commissioned by
Catherine the
Great for St.
Petersburg
Jean-Baptiste
Pigalle
Paris, France
(1714-1785)

Mercury Attaching His


Wings
(approved in 1741)
Jean-Baptiste Pigalle (Continued)
Child with Birdcage
(after 1750)

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