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NEW TRENDS IN ENDODONTIC

Q1-) WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES OF N : TI ROTATY INSTRUMENTATION ?

the increase in flexibility and elasticity, an increase in cutting efficiency,


faster canal preparation
-----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Q2-) WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF N : TI FILE FRACTURE ?

cyclic fatigue \is similar to taking a piece of wire and bending it up and
down until it breaks ( , torsional stress radius of curvature, angle of
curvature, and instrument size. speed of the instrument ,excessive pressure
Q3-) WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF ROOT CANAL IRRIGATION?

facilitate removal of microorganisms, prevent packing of the hard and soft


tissue in the apical root canal, dissolve either organic
or inorganic tissue in the root canal, keep the environment wet FOR _ OBTURATION _:
A) WHY WE DO IT ?
B) WHAT ARE THE MATERIAL USED ?
C) HOW THE TECHNIQUS ?
a-Prevents

percolation and microleakage of


periradicular exudate into the root canal space.
Prevents re-infection through good sealing of
the apical foramina.
Creates a favorable biologic environment for
the process of tissue healing to take place
B - PASTES (sealer cements) e.g AH26 , Tubliseal
- SEMISOLID MATERIALS e.g gutta-percha
- SOLID MATERIALS e.g silver points

c-lateral compaction ,vertical compaction ,continuous wave


compaction technique ,thermoplastic injection technique, carrierbased gutta-purcha
Q5-) WHAT ARE THE PRECAUTION DURING ROOT CANAL IRRIGATION?

Bend the Needle 45


Move the needle up and down
Holding the suction very close
to the irrigated canal
dont use Excess pressure
FOR _ APEX LOCATORS _:
A) WHAT ARE THE TYPES ?
B) THE CONSIDRATION DURING USE ?
C) THE CAUSES OF WRONG READING ?

A- first,second ,third ,fourth generations


b- Canals can be wet, pulp
chamber MUST be dry!
As much pulp tissue as
possible should be removed
from canals
Temporary fillings, large
amalgams, crowns may
have negative affect
Use an appropriate file size
Canal has to be patent
c- anatomical variations that make apical constriction, large coronal filling
,ssclerosed canal ,inflammatory resorption.
Q7-) WHAT ARE THE PHYSICAL CHARCHTERSTICS OF N : TI FILES ?

Stiff, , resilient, and show shape memory, superelasticity, sharp cutting tip
Q8-) WHAT ARE THE CAUSES OF ENDODONTIC FAILURES?

Errors in diagnosis and treatment.


Coronal leakage.

Lack of knowledge.
Inadequate debridement.
Operative errors.
Obturation errors.
Vertical root fracture

Done by :abdulelah al rshedan


Best of luck