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The Digestive System

Components

Mouth
Oesophagus
Stomach
Small Intestine
Large Intestine
Gall bladder
Liver
Pancreas

1-The Mouth
Its the place where digestion starts.
It has 3 main roles in digestion:1- teeth: cut & chew the food into small parts easy
to swallow.
2-saliva: has enzymes to break down the food
especially carbohydrates ( like bread) into sugars
& this makes the food mash & easy to swallow.
3- the tongue: pushes the food around when youre
chewing & pushes it towards the oesophagus to be
swallowed

2-0esophagus
the stretchy tube (pipe) that
connects your mouth and
your stomach .

3-Stomach
A stretchy muscular bag that holds your
food after you eat.
Your stomach has 3 important roles in
digestion:
1-breaks the food into a liquid mixture.
2-empty slowly this liquid mixture into the
small intestine.
3-stores the food youve eaten.

How does the stomach help


in digestion!!
The stomach acts as a mixer churning &
mashing the food into a liquid mixture by
the help of 2 things:
1- strong muscles that squeeze & squash the
food..
2-Gastric Juice:
It comes out of the stomach wall.
it digests the food & kills any bacteria in
the eaten food.

4-Small Intestine
Tube that is 22 feet ( 6.5 m) long.
Continues to digest food coming from the
stomach.
After digestion is over, the nutrients,
vitamins & minerals from the digested
food are absorbed into the blood from the
villi of the small intestine.

5-the pancreas
Has 2 functions in digestion:
1- releases its juices in the small
intestine to help digest the food
especially proteins & fats.
2-releases insulin hormone to the blood
to control the sugar levels.

6-the liver
1-produces the Bile juice.
The bile juice produced by the liver
is added to the S.I. to help digest &
absorb fats to the blood stream.

LIVER

Small
Intestine

6-Large Intestine
The last step in Digestion.
Gets waste from small intestine.
Has 2 important roles in digestion:
1-absorbs water & minerals from the
digested food remaining coming form the
S.I.
2-the left is a hard waste that the body
doesnt need so it passes form the L.I to
the rectum until its released in the toilet.

7-Gall Bladder
Stores the bile produced by the liver
until the body uses it

Healthy Habits
Eat foods
that are high
in fiber like
fruits and
vegetables

Drink plenty of water

Chew your food completely


before you swallow

Avoid foods high in fat

Interesting Facts
Food is in your digestive
system for about 24 hours

Your stomach stretches


when you eat like a balloon
being filled with air

You have a trap door called


the epiglottis to cover your
windpipe when you swallow.

Your stomach mashes your


food the way a baker kneads
dough for bread.

Summary
Functions
Digests food
Absorbs nutrients
for the body

Components
Esophagus
Stomach
Small intestine
Large intestine
Pancreas
Liver
Gall Bladder

Summary
Healthy Habits

Eat high fiber foods


Drink lots of water
Chew food well
Avoid high-fat foods