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Routing is the process of transferring information through an internetwork, i.e., from one network to another. Router is a device used to do
routing. Router connects different networks having different network IDs
and help in the process of routing.
In an inter-network, a router must know about all the networks present in
the inter-network for effective routing. There are hardware routers like Cisco
Routers. Even win 2003/2008 server computer can be configured as Router.

Types of Routing
Static Routing: -In this, the routing information required for routing is
manually entered in to the router by the Administrator.
Dynamic Routing: - In this, the routing information is automatically entered
in to the router using routing protocols like LAN ROUTING, RIP and OSPF.
RIP is used in small networks while OSPF is used in large networks.
RIP = Routing Information Protocol.
RIP environment best suitable for internetworks that are small to medium
OSPF = Open Shortest Path First.
OSPF is used in large internetwork for exchanging routing information


1.Arrange the setup as shown in the diagram.
2. Go to a 2008 server PC, install two LAN cards or you can give two ip
addresses to a single LAN card.
3. All the PCs in n/w I will have default gateway address as and in
n/w II, all PCs will have default gateway address as
4. Now go to programs > administrative tools > Routing and Remote
5. Right-click on the computer-name > Configure and Enable Routing and
Remote Access.
6. Click next > custom configuration > next.
7. Select LAN Routing > next > Finish.
8. Click on IP Routing.
9. Right-click on General > new routing protocol to install RIP, OSPF or
DHCP Relay Agent.
10. Now the server will act as Router.