Vous êtes sur la page 1sur 45

EE223 Electrical Network

Analysis

Please turn off cell phones

Book
Recommended Text: Fundamentals of
Electric Circuits, 4th Ed., By Alexander
and Sadiku
Reference:, McGraw-Hill Electric
Circuits, 8th Edition, by Nilsson & Riedel,
2008

11/23/2014

Grading Policy

Quizes (Best 5 Plus Project) - 16 Marks


Assignments (Best 4)
- 4 Marks
Mid
- 30 marks
End-term
- 50 marks

11/23/2014

Grading Policy..
Assignments must be deposited on due
date.
Late submission will fetch a max of 50%
marks (if submitted within one week)

11/23/2014

AC

11/23/2014

11/23/2014

Network Analysis
Derivation of the electrical
properties of a network,
from its configuration,
element values, and driving
forces.

11/23/2014

Sinusoids and Phasors


Chapter 9

11/23/2014

10

11/23/2014

11

11/23/2014

12

?
Convert the following into cosine form

v(t ) 5sin(4 t 60)

11/23/2014

13

11/23/2014

14

11/23/2014

15

11/23/2014

16

Sine to Cosine conversion

11/23/2014

17

11/23/2014

18

11/23/2014

19

A Sinusoidal Current Source produces a current


that varies sinusoidally with time.

Sinusoidal current is also represented


as
i = Im cos(t+)

11/23/2014

20

11/23/2014

21

Radian Degree
Conversion

11/23/2014

22

Periodic function
A sinusoidal function repeats at regular interval. Such a function is called
Periodic function. The period T is given by

1
T , f in Hertz (Hz)
f
11/23/2014

23

11/23/2014

24

11/23/2014

25

Example 9.1
Find the amplitude, phase, period, and
frequency of the sinusoid
v(t) = 12cos(50t + 10)

11/23/2014

26

Example 9.1
Find the amplitude, phase, period, and
frequency of the sinusoid
v(t) = 12cos(50t + 10)
Solution:
The amplitude is Vm = 12V.
The phase is = 10
2 2
T

0.1257 s.
The period
50
1
The frequency is f 7.958 Hz.
T
11/23/2014

27

11/23/2014

28

11/23/2014

29

(self study)

11/23/2014

30

11/23/2014

31

(self study)

11/23/2014

32

Solution

11/23/2014

33

Example 1
For the sinusoidal voltage v = 6 cos(100t + 60o)
find the value v at time t= 0s and t=0.5s

11/23/2014

34

Sinusoidal
V = 6 cos(100t + 60o)
Solution
At t = 0s,
V = 6 cos( 0 + 60o)
=3V

At t = 0.5s
V = 6 cos(50 radian + 60o)
= 4.26 V

Be careful when adding t and phase angel .


The unit of t is radians.
The unit for is degrees.
To add both the values, they should be in the same units (see
next slide).
11/23/2014

35

Sinusoidal signal with different


frequency

11/23/2014

36

Phase Lead or Lag


Two sinusoids with the same frequency (but
different phase):

v1 (t ) Vm1 cos(t 1 ),Vm1 0


v2 (t ) Vm 2 cos(t 2 ),Vm 2 0

1 2 0, v1 (t ), v2 (t ) : in phase
1 2 0, v1 (t ) leads v2 (t ) by 1 2
v2 (t ) lags v1 (t ) by 1 2

11/23/2014

37

Wont it be easy to guess if we could


plot the signal as shown below ?

11/23/2014

38

11/23/2014

39

11/23/2014

40

11/23/2014

41

11/23/2014

42

Comparison of two signals


A sinusoidal can be expressed in either
sine or cosine form.
When comparing two signals, it is
expedient to express both as either sine or
cosine.

11/23/2014

43

Example 9.2
Calculate the phase angle between
v1 = -10 cos (t + 50) and
v2 = 12 sin (t - 10).
State which sinusoid is leading.

11/23/2014

44

11/23/2014

45