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PM-GV-KB-SC-V002

RED ASH (Bing)


Recycled Concrete Additive
Background

Ash Bings are derived from the extraction of oil shale which was subsequently exposed to
intense heat to allow the extraction of oil from the shale. The residual product from this
process was placed into large spoil heaps (known as Bings) and continued to burn for
years creating a unique red ash, considered a lightweight product.

Quantity

The total Bing available is approximately 7,500,000m or 13.3 megatonnes (Mt)

Testing - Grading

Independently tested by Armcon at their UK laboratory, noting in a privileged report that


it was a good product mix with the fines and the 20mm size aggregate used as a straight
additive in the concrete making process without the need to use any sand and aggregate.
The report also noted the use Bing reduced the cement content required in the mix.

Testing carried out according to UNE EN1097-5 by the Department of Construction in


Barcelona in 2013 resulted in certification as a cement additive.
Further review and research into its use and application is being carried out at Dundee
University, Concrete Technology unit.
Stanger Testing Services 2009-2011; testing was carried out according to:

BS 812: Part 124: 1989


BS EN 932-1: 1997
BS EN 1097-6: 2000
BS EN 1097-1: 1996 (West Condition)
BS 1377: Part 4: 1990
BS 1377-Part 7: 1990: Clause 5 (procedure5.5.4)
BS 1377: Part 2, 3 & 4: 1990

Analysis includes the results detailed in appendix I.


Application

Benefits

Used as a bulk fill on series 6 highway specifications & in major construction


projects
Commonly used by the major house builders
Excellent additive for concrete work
Large quantity available
Uniform quality
Recycled product
Readily accessible

Transportation

There is reasonable access to the site which is in Scotland. The Bing can be readily
accessed. Purchaser collects using their own vehicles, to be weighed and valued
accordingly.
Grangemouth port provides excellent access for despatch via bulk carrier ships.

Price

Prices achieved in the past 12 months: 12.00-14.00 per MT subject to quantity.


It will be beneficial for purchasers to screen the product themselves and gaining the
following savings, otherwise added to the per tonne price:
The Bing can be screened at source for an additional fee of 2.00per MT.
Screened Bing attracts a local tax of 2.00 per MT based on current legislation.

Samples

Samples can be requested by contacting us via email.

Notes: MT = Metric Tonne (1000kg), Mt = Megatonne (1,000,000MT)


Page 1 of 6

Minarox

MINAROX is a trading style of Lancelot Lancaster White Ltd | United Kingdom


Tel: +44 (0)20 8133 0491 | contact@minarox.com | Company No 07783356 | VAT No GB133 2052 63

PM-GV-KB-SC-V002

RED ASH (Bing)


Recycled Concrete Additive
Appendix I
The following test results were registered following tests performed on samples during 2011.
Mineralogical composition by X-Ray Diffraction, using powder methodology PANalytical XPert Pro MPD
Alpha 1 diffractometer, with a Cu-(=1.5418) tube; Identified Crystalline Phases of the Red Ash Sample.
Quartz [SiO2]
Hematite [FE2O3]

Calcite [CaCO3]
Brucite [Mg(OH)2]

Analysis
Cyanide (Complex)
Cyanide (Total)
Cyanide (Free)
Phenols (Mono)
Sulphide
Thiocyanate
PAH (Total)
Boron
SO4 (Total)
pH
Toluene extractable matter

Units
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
mg/l
ug/l
ug/l
mg/l

Analysis
Leach Prep
As (Total)
Cd (Total)
Cr (Total)
Cu (Total)
Pb (Total)
Hg (Total)
Ni (Total)
Se (Total)
Zn (Total)

Units

Mullite [Al6Si2O18]
Natrolite [Na2(Al2Si8O10)]

Cristobalite [SiO2]
Potassium Iron Oxide [KFeO2]

Result
<0.05
<0.05
<0.05
<0.1
<0.1
<1
(13)
0.03
170
670
7.7
29

mg/l

Result
Extracted
12
0.04
2
<0.05
<0.3
<0.05
6
11
62

ug/l
ug/l
ug/l
ug/l
ug/l
ug/l
ug/l
ug/l
ug/l

Chemical analysis by X-Ray Fluorescence Spectrometry identifying major oxides


Project sample reference No. GRN24627(SR1904)
Major Oxide
CaO2
SiO2
AL2O3
Fe2O3
MgO
MnO
TiO2
K2O
Na2O
P2O5
SO3
Cl
Loss on ignition

% by mass of sample
5.87
50.88
20.67
8.72
1.89
0.07
1.10
1.77
0.51
0.44
2.60
<0.01
5.47

Page 2 of 6

Minarox

MINAROX is a trading style of Lancelot Lancaster White Ltd | United Kingdom


Tel: +44 (0)20 8133 0491 | contact@minarox.com | Company No 07783356 | VAT No GB133 2052 63

PM-GV-KB-SC-V002

RED ASH (Bing)


Recycled Concrete Additive

LOADING SHOVEL AS DUG ASH

PICTURE OF EAST CORNER OF BING


Page 3 of 6

Minarox

MINAROX is a trading style of Lancelot Lancaster White Ltd | United Kingdom


Tel: +44 (0)20 8133 0491 | contact@minarox.com | Company No 07783356 | VAT No GB133 2052 63

PM-GV-KB-SC-V002

RED ASH (Bing)


Recycled Concrete Additive

SCREENED ASH 30 MM DOWN

AS DUG ASH

Page 4 of 6

Minarox

MINAROX is a trading style of Lancelot Lancaster White Ltd | United Kingdom


Tel: +44 (0)20 8133 0491 | contact@minarox.com | Company No 07783356 | VAT No GB133 2052 63

PM-GV-KB-SC-V002

RED ASH (Bing)


Recycled Concrete Additive

AS DUG ASH

SCREENED ASH 30MM DOWN


Page 5 of 6

Minarox

MINAROX is a trading style of Lancelot Lancaster White Ltd | United Kingdom


Tel: +44 (0)20 8133 0491 | contact@minarox.com | Company No 07783356 | VAT No GB133 2052 63

PM-GV-KB-SC-V002

RED ASH (Bing)


Recycled Concrete Additive

ARIEL PHOTOGRAPH OF BING - BNG01

ARIEL PHOTOGRAPH OF BING BNG02

Page 6 of 6

Minarox

MINAROX is a trading style of Lancelot Lancaster White Ltd | United Kingdom


Tel: +44 (0)20 8133 0491 | contact@minarox.com | Company No 07783356 | VAT No GB133 2052 63