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Inquiry Essay

Patrick:
Question:
Howhassocialmediaaffecttodaysyouth?
SubQuestions:
Howisthewaypeopletalktoeachotheronsocialmediadifferentthenthewaythey
talkinreallife?
Whathasbeenthebiggestimpactofsocialmedia?
Whatarethegroupsthatusethedifferentformsofsocialmedia?

Background/Interest:Myinterestonthistopiccomesfromthedaywewerediscussing
inquiryquestionsinclass.AlsoIhaveseenthewaysocialmediaaffectedmyfriends
thatIhavegrewupwith.

Significance:Thistopicisimportantbecauseithasaffectedanentiregenerationof
Americaspopulation.Itcanalsoshowwhatourgenerationmayleadto.Thepossible
stakeholderscanbeanyonebecausetheinfluencethatsocialmediahascanaffectthe
futureonthenation.

ResearchAvenues:Internet,socialmedia,personalexperiences,andbooks

Socialnomics:howsocialmediatransformsthewayweliveanddobusiness
http://socialmediaimpact.com/artrespondingsocialmediacomments/
http://www.ing.com/Newsroom/Allnews/NW/2014StudyimpactofSocialMediaonNewsmo
recrowdcheckinglessfactchecking.htm

http://socialmediaimpact.com/artrespondingsocialmediacomments/
TheArtofRespondingtoSocialMediaComments
respondquickly,becausedelaysgivevaliditytonegativecomments
Wheninteractingwithpeopleonline,thinkofitasafacetofaceconversationanddont
trytobetoughandthinknoonecantouchyou
Howyouactonsocialmediacanaffectpeoplesviewsofyouespeciallyinthe
businessworld

http://www.ing.com/Newsroom/Allnews/NW/2014StudyimpactofSocialMediaonNewsmo
recrowdcheckinglessfactchecking.htm

2014StudyimpactofSocialMediaonNews:morecrowdchecking,lessfactchecking

peopleusesocialmediatogetnewsinformationeventhoughitisnotareliablesource
opinionsaremoreimportantthanactualfactswhennewsissharedonsocialmedia
theuseofsocialmediabyjournalistsisontherise

ClinicalReportTheImpactofSocialMediaonChildren,Adolescents,andFamilies
over22%ofyoungadultsusesocialmediamorethan10timesperday
becauseyoungadultsaresusceptibletopeerpressure,theyareatriskofcyber
bullying,cliqueforming,andsexualharassmentonsocialmedia
mostparentscannotkeepupwiththeirchildrensactionsonsocialmediaduetolack
oftimeandtechnologicalsavvy
Benefitsofyoungadultuseofsocialmedia
senseofcommunityandbeingabletostayconnectedwithfriends
creativethinkingandtheabilitytoshareartisticandmusicaltalents
exposuretootheropinions
expansionofonlineconnections
enhancingonesindividualidentityandsocialskills
canbeusedtoconnectwithotherstodiscusshomeworkandotherschool
assignments
canbeusedtoaccesshealthinformation
risks
cyberbullying
sexting
FacebookDepression
whenspendingtoomuchtimeonfacebook
atriskforsocialisolation
Socialnomics:howsocialmediatransformsthewayweliveanddobusiness
SocialMedia=BraggadocianBehavior
everythingthatwepostaddstooursocialtattoo
Teenscanttype,dontcapitalize,useIMshortcutssuchasLOL,U
usesocialmediatogetopinionsonproducts
wenolongerlookfornews,newsfindsus
allowspeopletoshareinformationsomultiplepeoplearenotdoingthesametask
socialmediaallowspeopletobrag,compete,orlookcoolbypassingon

Taylor

Howdostereotypesandexpectationsofgenderrolesaffectus?
Doweconformtowhatsocietymightlike?
Whataretheexpectationsofmalesandfemales?
Isithurtingus?
Howmightwomenconform?
Howmightmenconform?
Whatagegroupisthisaffecting?
Searchterms:
genderroles
stereotypes
sexroles
Significance:Theexpectationsofgenderrolesareimportant,becausepeoplewillhold
backonwhotheyare,orevenharmthemselvestryingtoliveuptotheirsocietalrole.It
bothersmetothinkpeopledontfeelcomfortablewiththemselvesbecausetheyre
afraidofwhatsocietymaythinkofthem.

GenderRoles:
Men
1. Masculine
2. Athletic
3. Strong
4. Unemotional
5. Expectedtomakethefirstmove
6. Independent
Women
1. Feminine
2. Nurturing
3. Skinnybuild
4. Emotional
5. Dependent
SurveyQuestions:
Men
1. Haveyoueverbeenafraidtoshowyourfeelingsbecauseitsnotmanly?

2. Hasthereeverbeenatimewhereyouwantedtodosomethingbutyouwere
afraidofwhatpeoplewouldthinkofyou?
3. Doyouavoidanythingthatwouldallowotherguystomakefunofyoufor?
Women
1. Haveyoueverbeenafraidofplayingasportorparticipatinginanactivitythat
couldbeconsideredmanly?
2. Haveyoueverrestrictedyourdiettoliveuptosocietysexpectationsofskinny
females?

Articles:

http://link.springer.com/article/10.1023/A:1018890728636
usespreschoolers(agegroup)
boyswouldntplaywithcertaintoysbecausetheyreafraidofwhattheirfathers
wouldthink
familyinfluences
http://www.teenink.com/opinion/social_issues_civics/article/195227/GenderRolesand
Expectations/
genderrolesontv
mostlyaboutmen
diversity
http://thinkprogress.org/health/2014/08/07/3468380/genderroleshealthrisks/
discusseskidsof14yearsold(agegroup)
girlswouldntplaysports,wouldnteat
boyswouldhit,substanceabuse
http://www.cracked.com/article_19780_5genderstereotypesthatusedtobeexactopp
osite.html
showsexamplesofhowgenderroleshavechanged
whyhavetheychanged?
whatwouldhappenifpeopleknewthis?

Harris:
Why is religious talk offensive to so many in American society, and should it
be that way?

Implied:
religionisoffensivetoomany
Americaissortoftouchy
offensivenessisnotwhereitshouldbe

Subquestions:
whataresomecommonthingsmostpeoplegetoffendedby?
Whatisthedefinitionofreligion?

PersonalConnection:
Ivejustalwayswantedtolearnmoreaboutamericasopiniononfreedomof
expression.italwaysseemedthattheresafightbetweenthenonreligionandreligious.

Questions:
Whydoestryingtoanswerthisquestionmatter:Ithinkitsimportanttoknowwhatyour
limitsareforexpressingyourself.(christmaslights,godblessyou,etc.)
Towhomdoesansweringthisquestionmatter:Me,ifanyoneatleast.Becauseits
crucialtoknowwhatisgenerallyoffensiveandwhatisnt.Itcouldsaveyoufromalotof
embarrassment.
Howcouldyoudoresearchforthistopic:takepolls,readarticlesaboutamerican
cultureandthelimitsoffreedomofexpression.

Researchvenndiagram
Googlesearch

both

librarysearch

alotofopinionatedarticles
aboutwhatspecifically
offendscertaintypesof
people

aspecificthemeoffreedom
ofspeech.Harder

surveyQuestions:(takenoteofgender,age,religion,wheretheyspentmostoftheirlife,and
wheretheirparentsspentmostoftheirlife)
(religiousoffensecausingyoutofeelhurt,upset,orangryaboutthespeakersstanceon
religion.
1. DoyouidentifyasAmerican?
2. Doyouthinkpeoplegetoffendedtooeasilynowadays?

3. Doyouthink,ingeneral,thatAmericanculturesmoretouchthanothercultureswhen
itcomestoreligion
4. Isthatagoodthing?
5. Doyouthinkyouoffendotherpeoplesreligionmorethantheyoffendyours?
6. Shouldreligionbeamajorpartofamericanculture?
7. Wouldyouhaveaproblemworkingwithsomeonewhosereligionisoffensivetoyou
(satanism,sacrificialworship,antigay,etc.)
8. Wouldyoubeoffendedifsomeoneassumedyourreligion?
9. wouldyoubeoffendedifsomeonegeneralizedtraitsfromyourreligion(ohhes
christansohespushy)?
10. wouldyoubeoffendedifsomeonetoldyouyourreligioniswrong?

http://www.atheismresource.com/2011/offensivereligiousdoublestandard
Severs,Don."BeingOffensive:AReligiousDoubleStandard."AtheismResourceRSS.Voss
Visuals,3Dec.2010.Web.23Oct.2014.
atheistsareinafeudwiththeists,atheistsputupabillboardagainstchristmas,the
catholicscounteredwithanotherbillboardyettheatheistsgotmostofthehate.
isitaninsulttosaysomeonesreligiousbeliefisuntrue?
Gettingoffendedisasubjectchangerandaconversationstopper.Itdoesntmove
discoursealong.
...inAmerica,itisalwaysoktoshoutyourownbeliefaslongasyoudoitina
positiveway,whichonlyobliquelyinsinuatesthateveryoneelseiswrong.
althoughthispaperwaswrittenfromanatheist'spointofviewitwasntoverly
biasedinmyopinion.Itspokeontheoffensivestigmathatsurroundsatheists
thattalkagainsttheists.Makingmethinkthatitsoffensivetothosethatare
religioustoapplyevidenceonlytotheirbeliefs.
http://www.heritage.org/research/reports/2012/10/religiouslibertyandexpressionunderattac
krestoringamericasfirstfreedoms
Sekulow,JayA."ReligiousLibertyandExpressionUnderAttack:RestoringAmerica'sFirst
Freedoms."TheHeritageFoundation.TheHeritageFoundation,1Oct.2012.Web.24Oct.
2014.
Astherearesomepeople,who,fromreligiousprinciples,cannotbeararmsinany
case,thisCongressintendnoviolencetotheirconsciences,butearnestlyrecommend
ittothem,tocontributeliberallyinthistimeofuniversalcalamity,tothereliefoftheir
distressedbrethrenintheseveralcolonies,andtodoallotherservicestotheir
oppressedCountry,whichtheycanconsistentlywiththeirreligiousprinciples.
(MichaelMcConnell,TheOriginsandHistoricalUnderstandingofFreeExerciseofReligion,
103Harv.L.Rev.1409,1469(1990).)
ThedeepreverencethatAmericasearliestleadersheldforreligiousfreedomstands
instarkcontrasttothedisdainforclaimsofreligiousconscienceseeminglyheldby
somecurrentgovernmentleaders.

inthetimeofthefoundingfathersreligiousfreedomandexpressionwasatitshighest
inAmericanhistory
itisgettingharderandhardertoexpressyourreligioninpublicortobeanevangelical.
theConstitutionaffirmativelymandatesaccommodation,notmerelytolerance,ofall
religions,andforbidshostilitytowardany.[1]Inaddition,theCourthasacknowledged
thatthereisnoconstitutionalrequirementwhichmakesitnecessaryforgovernmentto
behostiletoreligionandtothrowitsweightagainsteffortstowidentheeffectivescope
ofreligiousinfluence.[2]
[1](Lynchv.Donnelly,465U.S.668,673(1984).)
[2](Zorach,343U.S.at314.)
TheFirstAmendmentprotectsexpression,beitofthepopularvarietyornot.
(BoyScoutsofAm.v.Dale,530U.S.640,660(2000).)
althoughthisisanarticlelargelybasedonabortionittalksalotaboutreligious
expression.Mainlythewritingisfromthepointofviewofsomeonewhowants
toreservetherightsofthereligionexpression.
HumanNatureandtheFreedomofPublicReligiousExpression
Thecapacityforspiritualityandreligionissomewhatlikethecapacityforlanguage,which
seemstocomenaturallyinthesensethathumanbeingseverywherehaveitandrelyonit
Toforbidapersonfrompubliclyexpressingspiritualandreligiousvalues,fromwhichhisor
hermoralandpoliticalvaluesareemergent,isnotunlikeforbiddingtheexerciseofapersons
capacityforspeech."
thisquoteissayingthattheexpressionofreligionisalotliketheabilitytotalk,once
yougainityoualmostmustuseit.Soasfarasthelackofselfexpressiongoes,its
totallycounterintuitiveofhumans.
Post,StephenGarrard."ChapterFour:ReligiousInclinationsinthePublicSquare."Human
NatureandtheFreedomofPublicReligiousExpression.NotreDame,IN:UofNotreDame,
2003.119.Print.
ThosewhosensenothingofaCreativePresence,orwhoforreasonsofpersonalhistory
resentallthingsreligious,shouldbedemocraticallymindedenoughtoacknowledgethe
freedomofotherstobelieveandtoexpresstheirbeliefs.
Thisquotereallysaysthewholeoftheproreligionsideofmyargument,thatina
countrythatclaimstobechristianthenonchristiansshouldrespectthatthe
government,whichistherepresentationofthepeopleshouldhavetherighttoexpress
itsbelieffreely.
Post,StephenGarrard."ChapterFour:ReligiousInclinationsinthePublicSquare."Human
NatureandtheFreedomofPublicReligiousExpression.NotreDame,IN:UofNotreDame,
2003.155.Print.
Creationist claims also create confusion about the nature of the scientific research, the way scientists
actually obtain and evaluate evidence, make and test hypotheses, and continue to deepen our scientific
understanding of natural processes.

http://ncse.com/takingaction/whyitswrongtoteachcreationismpublicschools

nextsection:talkaboutreligionbeingaprivilageoftheamericanpeopleandthegovernment
usingthebluebook
Lastsection:talkabouttherequirementofreliginlessnessinsocitybutdiscreditit(useother
book)
conclusion:religionshouldbeallowedinpublicspaceandgovernmentspacebecauseitsthe
freeexpressionofpeople

EstablishingaTerritory

addinterviewwith5differentpeople
addlynchv.donnelly
addtocourtcaseswithanalysis
addoffensivereligiousfreedom
lengthenreligioninwork
lengthenreligioninschool
addlongerconclusion
addconsitutioncittationandentirefirstamendment

Cullen:

Howhastechnologyhadanimpactonthewayweachieveasenseofbelongingintodays
world?

Isthisimpactagoodorbadthing?
Whichtechnologyhashadthegreatestimpact?
Howhaveouremotionsbecomeentangledinthesetechnologies?

http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/piecesmind/201403/createsensebelonging
shortandtothepoint
Belongingmeansacceptanceasamemberorpart
Somefindbelonginginachurch,somewithfriends,somewithfamily,andsomeon
Twitterorothersocialmedia
Asenseofbelongingtoagreatercommunityimprovesyourmotivation,health,and
happiness.Whenyouseeyourconnectiontoothers,youknowthatallpeople
struggleandhavedifficulttimes.Youarenotalone.Thereiscomfortinthat
knowledge.
Goesontotalkabouthowtoachieveasenseofbelonging

http://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/inthenamelove/201403/whyweallneedbelongsom
eone
clearlydefinesthedifferencebetweentheliteralmeaningofbelongingandthe
psychologicalmeaning
includesnicequotesfromfamoussinger/bands
BaumeisterandLearyclaimthathumanbeingsarenaturallydriventoward
establishingandsustainingbelongingness.
Asenseofbelongingnessiscrucialtoourwellbeing.
Nothavingthisacceptancemaycausephysiologicalorpsychologicalissues

http://eds.b.ebscohost.com.librarylink.uncc.edu/ehost/pdfviewer/pdfviewer?sid=febeb555f1e2
4037b70866b24c914456%40sessionmgr111&vid=18&hid=112
definescommunity
viablesocialstructureswithsystematicwaysofoperating
wondersifthesevirtualcommunitiesarereallycommunities
comparesmeetingsomeoneonlinetobumpingintoanassociateatthestore
somesitesdohavethesamebenefitsascommunitiesinreallife

http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com.librarylink.uncc.edu/doi/10.1111/j.14679566.2005.00464.x/full
Supportgroupsinonlinecommunitiesprovideananonymousplacetoexchange
advice,informationandsupport
Itdependsonhowyouusetheinternet,youcanuseittoyourbenefitbutifyou
useitincorrectlyitwillharmyou


http://blogs.hbr.org/2011/10/whatitmeanstodaytobeconn/
WhatitMeansTodaytobeConnectedLucyP,Marcusp.143
authorisimportantonsocialmedia
arguesthatauthenticityisthemostimportantaspectinrelationshipbuilding
saysthatthisauthenticityisthesameonandoffline
IdontknowifIagreewiththat

LivingWithinSocialNetworksStevenD.Krausep.146
toyotafacebookcommercialhttps://www.youtube.com/watch?v=TUGmcb3mhLM
IsFacebookMakingusLonely?
onlineconnectednesscausesisolation
itdependsonhowuuseit^^
canbeusedtomakearrangementswithfriends
canbeusedtokeeppeopleatadistance(unhealthy)

http://uncc.worldcat.org/title/howdoesonlinesocialnetworkingenhancelifesatisfactionther
elationshipsamongonlinesupportiveinteractionaffectperceivedsocialsupportsenseofco
mmunityandlifesatisfaction/oclc/5192409935&referer=brief_results
SocialnetworkingtodayisoneofthemostpopularactivitiesontheInternet.Arecent
reportfoundthatvisitingsocialnetworkingsites(SNSs)isthemostfrequentonline
activityofInternetusers.
Studiessenseofcommunityandlifesatisfaction
9Hypotheses
The number of SNS friends is positively associated with the amount of
supportiveinteractiononthesocialnetworkingsite.
The frequency of online social networking is positively associated with the
amountofsupportiveinteractiononthesocialnetworkingsite.
The amount of supportiveinteraction on the social networking siteis positively
associatedwithpositiveaffectaftertheinteraction.
The positive effect generated after supportive interaction on the social
networking site is positively associated withperceivedsocialsupportfromSNS
friends.
Perceivedsocialsupportispositivelyassociatedwithlifesatisfaction.
Positiveaffectispositivelyassociatedwithlifesatisfaction.
Perceived social support acquired from online social interaction is positively
associatedwithsenseofcommunity.
Senseofcommunityispositivelyassociatedwithlifesatisfaction.

The amount of daily supportive interactions on social networking sites is


positively associated with positive affect, but not with negative affectfollowing
theinteractiononeachday.
Socialsupportdefined:astheresourcesoraidsexchangedbetweenindividuals
throughinterpersonalties
idontlikethatdefinition

http://www.forbes.com/2009/02/19/innovationinternethealthentrepreneurstechnology_whart
on.html
numberonetechnologyisinternet
Thetopfourareallformsoftechnologicalcommunication

http://pediatrics.aappublications.org/content/127/4/800.short1111
over22%ofyoungadultsusesocialmediamorethan10timesperday
Benefitsofyoungadultuseofsocialmedia
senseofcommunityandbeingabletostayconnectedwithfriends
creativethinkingandtheabilitytoshareartisticandmusicaltalents
exposuretootheropinions
expansionofonlineconnections
enhancingonesindividualidentityandsocialskills
canbeusedtoconnectwithotherstodiscusshomeworkandotherschool
assignments
canbeusedtoaccesshealthinformation

risks
cyberbullying
sexting
FacebookDepression
whenspendingtoomuchtimeonfacebook
atriskforsocialisolation

Technology

Belonging

socialmedia

socialsupport

onlinesocialnetworking

affirmation

texting

acceptance

validation

1.

2.

3.
4.

Citations

O'Keeffe,GwennS.,andKathleenClarkePearson."TheImpactofSocialMediaon
Children,Adolescents,andFamilies."Pediatrics127.4(2011):80004.28Mar.2011.
Web.4Nov.2014.
Drentea,Patricia,andJenniferL.MorenCross."SocialCapitalandSocialSupporton
theWeb:TheCaseofanInternetMotherSite."SociologyofHealthandIllness27.7
(2005):92043.28Nov.2005.Web.4Nov.2014.
Hall,Karyn."CreateASenseofBelonging."PsychologyToday:Health,Help,
Happiness+FindaTherapist.PiecesofMind,24Mar.2014.Web.04Nov.2014.
"Top30InnovationsOfTheLast30Years."Forbes.ForbesMagazine,19Feb.2009.
Web.05Nov.2014.

5. Oh,HyunJ.,ElifOzkaya,andRobertLaRose."HowDoesOnlineSocial

NetworkingEnhanceLifeSatisfaction?TheRelationshipsAmongOnline
SupportiveInteraction,Affect,PerceivedSocialSupport,SenseofCommunity,
andLifeSatisfaction."ComputersinHumanBehavior30.January(2013):6978.
ScienceDirect.23Aug.2013.Web.5Nov.2014.
6. BenZev,Aaron."WhyWeAllNeedtoBelongtoSomeone."PsychologyToday:
Health,Help,Happiness+FindaTherapist.IntheNameofLove,11Mar.2014.Web.
05Nov.2014.
7. Marcus,LucyP."WhatItMeansTodaytoBe'Connected'"HarvardBusinessReview.
N.p.,13Oct.2011.Web.11Nov.2014.

sotis@uncc.edu